CN112871980A - Efficient intelligent building garbage classification device and use method - Google Patents

Efficient intelligent building garbage classification device and use method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112871980A
CN112871980A CN202110042942.6A CN202110042942A CN112871980A CN 112871980 A CN112871980 A CN 112871980A CN 202110042942 A CN202110042942 A CN 202110042942A CN 112871980 A CN112871980 A CN 112871980A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
inner cavity
bearing
rectangular frame
worm
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN202110042942.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史明意
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Shangqiu Tianming Network Technology Co ltd
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Shangqiu Tianming Network Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110042942.6A priority Critical patent/CN112871980A/en
Publication of CN112871980A publication Critical patent/CN112871980A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2/00Crushing or disintegrating by gyratory or cone crushers
    • B02C2/02Crushing or disintegrating by gyratory or cone crushers eccentrically moved
    • B02C2/04Crushing or disintegrating by gyratory or cone crushers eccentrically moved with vertical axis
    • B02C2/06Crushing or disintegrating by gyratory or cone crushers eccentrically moved with vertical axis and with top bearing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/20Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy after crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/02Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for reinforced concrete
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency intelligent construction waste classification device, which comprises a shell, wherein when the device is used, a servo motor drives a first threaded rod to rotate so as to drive a rectangular frame to move left and right, thereby driving the round pipe to rotate through the second threaded rod, fully crushing the construction waste through the rotation of the crushing cone, when the second threaded rod rotates, the positive thread sleeve and the negative thread sleeve move relatively and far away from each other to open and close the two filter screens, so that the construction wastes of two different types are respectively discharged, and then the two kinds of construction waste are respectively classified and collected through the two partition plates and the discharge port, the rotating shaft is driven to rotate through the meshing of the first worm and the second worm wheel, and through the transmission of the first grooved wheel, the second grooved wheel and the belt, thereby drive a plurality of blade rotation to adsorb the dust into the dust collecting tank, avoid causing environmental pollution and cause the injury to the staff health.

Description

Efficient intelligent building garbage classification device and use method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building waste classification, in particular to an efficient intelligent building waste classification device and a using method thereof.
Background
The construction waste refers to a general name of wastes such as dregs, waste concrete, waste bricks and stones generated in the production activities of the construction industry such as demolition, construction, decoration and repair, most of the construction waste is transported to the suburbs or villages without any treatment, and is stacked or buried in the open air, so that a large amount of construction expenses such as land charge and garbage clearing and transporting expenses are consumed, and the construction waste needs to be classified and collected, thereby reducing the cost of the whole treatment and disposal.
Present building rubbish sorter, crushing effect is poor, and is broken not enough when carrying out the breakage to building rubbish, can not effectually classify to the rubbish of different grade type to current sorter ejection of compact difficulty causes the rubbish of different grade type to mix together easily, still need carry out quadratic screening, influences categorised work efficiency, and current sorter lacks dust removal mechanism, and the dust that thoughtlessly has in the rubbish causes injury and production environmental pollution to staff's health easily.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides an efficient intelligent building garbage classification device and a using method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an intelligent building rubbish sorter of efficient, includes the casing, the top of casing is pegged graft and is had feed hopper, feed hopper's inner chamber is equipped with broken awl, the top fixedly connected with bearing bar of broken awl, feed hopper's inner chamber is close to top department and is equipped with spherical shell, spherical shell's inner chamber is equipped with the ball, spherical shell is run through on the top of bearing bar to with ball fixed connection, the equal fixedly connected with horizontal pole in the left and right sides of spherical shell, spherical shell's one end and feed hopper fixed connection are kept away from to the horizontal pole, the inner chamber of casing is close to top department and is equipped with the rectangle frame, the top of rectangle frame is equipped with stop gear, the inner chamber of rectangle frame is equipped with tilting mechanism, the bottom of rectangle frame is equipped with dust removal mechanism, the inner chamber bottom of casing is equipped with.
Preferably, stop gear includes first diaphragm, first diaphragm fixed connection is close to top department at the inner chamber of casing, just first diaphragm is located the top of rectangle frame, the inner chamber left and right sides of rectangle frame is close to the equal fixedly connected with fixed plate in top department, two the first slider of the equal fixedly connected with in top of fixed plate, first spout, two have been seted up to the bottom of first diaphragm the equal swing joint of first slider is at the inner chamber of first spout.
Preferably, the turnover mechanism comprises a positive thread sleeve and a negative thread sleeve, wherein a second threaded rod is arranged in the inner cavities of the positive thread sleeve and the negative thread sleeve in a penetrating manner, second bearings are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the rectangular frame, the left end of the second threaded rod is inserted into the inner cavity of the adjacent second bearing, a third bearing is fixedly connected to the right side of the shell close to the top, a circular tube is inserted into the inner cavity of the third bearing, the right end of the second threaded rod is inserted into the inner cavity of the circular tube and penetrates through the second bearing, vertical plates are fixedly connected to the bottoms of the positive thread sleeve and the negative thread sleeve, a first movable plate is arranged on one side far away from the two vertical plates, a filter screen is hinged to one side far away from the two first movable plates, a second sliding block is fixedly connected to one side adjacent to the two first movable plates, and a second sliding, two the second slider swing joint is respectively at adjacent second spout inner chamber, two one side that the filter screen kept away from mutually is articulated with the inner chamber lateral wall of rectangle frame respectively.
Preferably, the inner cavity of the circular tube is provided with a second internal thread, the second threaded rod is movably connected with the circular tube through the second internal thread, the outer side of the circular tube is sleeved with a first gear, the first gear is positioned on the outer side of the shell, the top of the first gear is meshed with a second gear, a second transverse plate is fixedly connected to the position, close to the bottom, of the right side of the inner cavity of the feeding funnel, the second transverse plate is positioned at the bottom of the crushing cone, a fourth bearing is fixedly connected to the top of the second transverse plate, a first rotating rod is inserted into the inner cavity of the fourth bearing, a first worm wheel is fixedly connected to the top of the first rotating rod, a second worm is meshed to the rear side of the first worm wheel, a fifth bearing is fixedly connected to the position, close to the bottom, of the right side of the feeding funnel, the right end of the second worm penetrates through the fifth bearing and is fixedly connected with the second gear, a first fixing rod is fixedly, the outer side of the first fixing rod is sleeved with a transmission rod, a second fixing rod is fixedly connected to the circle center of the bottom of the crushing cone, and one end, far away from the first fixing rod, of the transmission rod is movably connected with the second fixing rod.
Preferably, a first worm is fixedly connected to the front side of the rectangular frame near the top, a first internal thread is formed in an inner cavity of the first worm, a first threaded rod is inserted into the inner cavity of the first worm, a second worm wheel is meshed with the bottom of the first worm, a rotating shaft penetrates through an inner cavity of the second worm wheel, a sixth bearing is fixedly connected to the front side of the rectangular frame near the bottom, the rear end of the rotating shaft is inserted into an inner cavity of the sixth bearing, a movable rod is sleeved on the outer side of the rotating shaft near the front end, a connecting shaft is movably connected to one side, far away from the rotating shaft, of the front side of the movable rod, a connecting rod is sleeved on the outer side of the connecting shaft, one end, far away from the connecting shaft, of the connecting rod is hinged to the left side of the inner cavity of the shell, a first bearing is fixedly connected to the left side of the, the top fixedly connected with servo motor of bearing plate, the left end of first threaded rod runs through first bearing to with servo motor's power output shaft fixed connection.
Preferably, the dust collection mechanism comprises a dust collection box and a dust collection box, the dust collection box is fixedly connected to the front side of the dust collection box, a first sheave is arranged in an inner cavity of the dust collection box, a second sheave is sleeved on the outer side of the rotating shaft and is positioned on the rear side of the second worm gear, a belt is arranged between the first sheave and the second sheave, a through hole matched with the belt is formed in the top of the dust collection box, the first sheave is in transmission connection with the second sheave through the belt, a second rotating rod penetrates through the inner cavity of the first sheave, a seventh bearing is fixedly connected to the rear side of the dust collection box, the rear end of the second rotating rod is inserted into the inner cavity of the seventh bearing, a plurality of blades are fixedly connected to the outer side of the second rotating rod near the front end, a dust collection pipe is inserted into the bottom of the dust collection box, and a dust collection pipe is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the dust collection pipe, the top of the dust collection box and the bottom of the dust collection box are both provided with through holes.
Preferably, the discharging mechanism comprises a first connecting rod hinged to the right side of the rectangular frame, a second movable plate is arranged at the position, close to the middle position, of the right side of the inner cavity of the shell, a third sliding block is fixedly connected to the right side of the second movable plate, a third sliding groove is formed in the right side of the inner cavity of the shell, the third sliding block is movably connected to the inner cavity of the third sliding groove, one end, away from the rectangular frame, of the first connecting rod is hinged to the left side of the second movable plate, the left side of the second movable plate is hinged to a second connecting rod, a baffle is arranged at the position, close to the middle position, of the bottom of the inner cavity of the shell, one end, away from the second movable plate, of the second connecting rod is hinged to the right side of the baffle, a fourth sliding block is fixedly connected to the bottom of the, the left and right sides of baffle all is equipped with the third fly leaf, two near top department the equal fixedly connected with fifth slider in adjacent one side of third fly leaf, the fifth spout has all been seted up to the left and right sides of baffle, two swing joint is respectively at the inner chamber of fifth spout, two one side that the third fly leaf was kept away from all articulates there is the baffle, one side that the third fly leaf was kept away from to the baffle is articulated bottom the casing inner chamber, the discharge gate has all been seted up to the left and right sides bottom department of casing.
A use method of an efficient intelligent building garbage classification device comprises the following steps:
s1: when the screw driver is used, the servo motor is started through the external power supply, the first threaded rod is driven to rotate in the forward and reverse directions through the work of the servo motor, the first threaded rod rotates in the forward and reverse directions to drive the first worm to move left and right, and therefore the rectangular frame is driven to move left and right;
s2: the second threaded rod is driven to move left and right by the movement of the rectangular frame, the circular tube is driven to rotate, the first gear and the second gear are driven to rotate by the rotation of the circular tube, and the crushing cone is driven to rotate by the transmission of the second worm and the first worm wheel;
s3: pouring the construction waste from the top of the feeding funnel, and crushing the construction waste by the rotation of the crushing cone so that the crushed waste falls into the inner cavity of the rectangular frame;
s4: screening by two filter screens in the rectangular frame to enable the dust garbage to fall to the top of the partition plate on the left side, and collecting the dust garbage through a discharge hole on the left side;
s5: when the rectangular frame moves left and right, the first worm drives the second worm wheel to rotate, and the second worm wheel drives the blades to rotate through the transmission of the rotating shaft, the first grooved wheel, the second grooved wheel and the belt, so that dust is sucked into the dust collecting box through the dust collecting pipe;
s6: when the rectangular frame moves rightwards, the second threaded rod is driven to rotate, so that the positive thread sleeve and the negative thread sleeve are driven to move away from each other, the two filter screens are opened, and the fragment garbage falls from the rectangular frame;
s7: when the rectangular frame moves rightwards, the baffle is pushed to move leftwards through the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod, so that the top of the partition board on the right side is driven to turn downwards by taking the bottom as an axial direction;
s8: the fragment type building rubbish that drops out from the rectangle frame drops to the top that is located the baffle on right side to the landing is in discharge gate department on right side, makes things convenient for operating personnel to collect fragment type rubbish.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the first threaded rod is driven to rotate through the servo motor to drive the rectangular frame to move left and right, so that the circular tube is driven to rotate through the second threaded rod, and the crushing cone is driven to rotate through transmission among the first gear, the second worm and the first worm gear, so that the construction waste is sufficiently crushed;
2. when the second threaded rod rotates, the positive thread sleeve and the negative thread sleeve move relatively and far away from each other to open and close the two filter screens, so that the two types of construction waste are respectively discharged, and the two types of construction waste are respectively classified and collected through the two partition plates and the discharge hole;
3. the rotating shaft is driven to rotate by the meshing of the first worm and the second worm wheel, and the blades are driven to rotate by the transmission of the first grooved wheel, the second grooved wheel and the belt, so that dust is adsorbed into the dust collecting box, and environmental pollution and injury to the bodies of workers are avoided.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of a second worm gear of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a front view of a secondary sheave of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a right side cross-sectional view of the suction box;
fig. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1. a housing; 2. a feed hopper; 3. a spherical shell; 4. a ball; 5. a crushing cone; 6. a load-bearing bar; 7. a second fixing bar; 8. a transmission rod; 9. a first fixing lever; 10. a first worm gear; 11. a first rotating lever; 12. a second worm; 13. a second gear; 14. a first gear; 15. a rectangular frame; 16. a first connecting rod; 17. a second connecting rod; 18. a baffle plate; 19. a partition plate; 20. a dust collection box; 21. a dust collection pipe; 22. a dust collecting pipe; 23. a first sheave; 24. a blade; 25. a belt; 26. a dust collection box; 27. a servo motor; 28. a second sheave; 29. a rotating shaft; 30. a first threaded rod; 31. a first worm; 32. a circular tube; 33. a second worm gear; 34. a movable rod; 35. a connecting shaft; 36. a connecting rod; 37. a filter screen; 38. a second threaded rod; 39. a second rotating lever; 40. a vertical plate; 41. a positive thread sleeve; 42. and (4) a reverse thread sleeve.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-6, the present invention provides a technical solution: an efficient intelligent construction waste classification device comprises a shell 1, a feeding funnel 2 is inserted into the top of the shell 1, a crushing cone 5 is arranged in an inner cavity of the feeding funnel 2, a bearing rod 6 is fixedly connected to the top of the crushing cone 5, a spherical shell 3 is arranged at a position, close to the top, of the inner cavity of the feeding funnel 2, a sphere 4 is arranged in the inner cavity of the spherical shell 3, the top end of the bearing rod 6 penetrates through the spherical shell 3 and is fixedly connected with the sphere 4, cross rods are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the spherical shell 3, one end, far away from the spherical shell 3, of each cross rod is fixedly connected with the feeding funnel 2, a rectangular frame 15 is arranged at a position, close to the top, of the inner cavity of the rectangular frame 15, a first worm 31 is fixedly connected with the top, a first inner thread is arranged in the inner cavity of the first worm 31, a first threaded rod 30 is inserted into the inner cavity, the inner cavity of the second worm wheel 33 is provided with a rotating shaft 29 in a penetrating way, a sixth bearing is fixedly connected to the front side of the rectangular frame 15 close to the bottom, the rear end of the rotating shaft 29 is inserted into the inner cavity of the sixth bearing, a movable rod 34 is sleeved on the outer side of the rotating shaft 29 close to the front end, a connecting shaft 35 is movably connected to one side of the front side of the movable rod 34 far away from the rotating shaft 29, a connecting rod 36 is sleeved on the outer side of the connecting shaft 35, one end of the connecting rod 36 far away from the connecting shaft 35 is hinged to the left side of the inner cavity of the shell 1, a first bearing is fixedly connected to the left side of the shell 1 close to the top, a bearing plate is fixedly connected to the left side of the shell 1 close to the top, a servo motor 27 is fixedly connected to the top of the bearing plate, the left end of the first threaded rod 30 penetrates through the first bearing, a limiting mechanism is arranged on the, the first transverse plate is positioned at the top of the rectangular frame 15, the left side and the right side of the inner cavity of the rectangular frame 15 are fixedly connected with fixed plates close to the top, the top of the two fixed plates are fixedly connected with first sliding blocks, the bottom of the first transverse plate is provided with a first sliding chute, the two first sliding blocks are movably connected with the inner cavity of the first sliding chute, the inner cavity of the rectangular frame 15 is provided with a turnover mechanism, the turnover mechanism comprises a positive thread sleeve 41 and a negative thread sleeve 42, the inner cavities of the positive thread sleeve 41 and the negative thread sleeve 42 are jointly penetrated and provided with a second threaded rod 38, the left side and the right side of the rectangular frame 15 are fixedly connected with second bearings, the left end of the second threaded rod 38 is inserted and connected with an inner cavity of an adjacent second bearing, the right side of the shell 1 is fixedly connected with a third bearing close to the top, the inner cavity of the third bearing is inserted and connected with a circular tube 32, the right end of the, the two sides far away from the vertical plates 40 are respectively provided with a first movable plate, the sides far away from the two first movable plates are respectively hinged with a filter screen 37, the adjacent sides of the two first movable plates are respectively fixedly connected with a second sliding block, the sides far away from the two vertical plates 40 are respectively provided with a second sliding chute, the two second sliding blocks are respectively movably connected with the inner cavities of the adjacent second sliding chutes, the sides far away from the two filter screens 37 are respectively hinged with the inner cavity side wall of the rectangular frame 15 to discharge fragment garbage, the inner cavity of the circular tube 32 is provided with a second internal thread, the second threaded rod 38 is movably connected with the circular tube 32 through the second internal thread, the outer side of the circular tube 32 is sleeved with a first gear 14, the first gear 14 is positioned at the outer side of the shell 1, the top of the first gear 14 is engaged with a second gear 13, the right side of the inner cavity of the feeding funnel 2 is fixedly connected with, a fourth bearing is fixedly connected to the top of the second transverse plate, a first rotating rod 11 is inserted into an inner cavity of the fourth bearing, a first worm wheel 10 is fixedly connected to the top of the first rotating rod 11, a second worm 12 is meshed to the rear side of the first worm wheel 10, a fifth bearing is fixedly connected to the right side of the feeding funnel 2 close to the bottom, a fifth bearing is fixedly connected to the right side of the feeding funnel 2, the right end of the second worm 12 penetrates through the fifth bearing and is fixedly connected with a second gear 13, a first fixing rod 9 is fixedly connected to the top of the first worm wheel 10 close to the right side, a transmission rod 8 is sleeved on the outer side of the first fixing rod 9, a second fixing rod 7 is fixedly connected to the bottom circle center of the crushing cone 5, one end of the transmission rod 8 far away from the first fixing rod 9 is movably connected with the second fixing rod 7, a dust removing mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the rectangular frame 15 and comprises a dust collecting box, a first grooved pulley 23 is arranged in the inner cavity of the dust collection box 20, a second grooved pulley 28 is sleeved outside the rotating shaft 29, the second grooved pulley 28 is positioned at the rear side of the second worm wheel 33, a belt 25 is arranged between the first grooved pulley 23 and the second grooved pulley 28, a perforation matched with the belt 25 is arranged at the top of the dust collection box 20, the first grooved pulley 23 is in transmission connection with the second grooved pulley 28 through the belt 25, a second rotating rod 39 is arranged in the inner cavity of the first grooved pulley 23 in a penetrating manner, a seventh bearing is fixedly connected at the rear side of the dust collection box 20, the rear end of the second rotating rod 39 is inserted in the inner cavity of the seventh bearing, a plurality of blades 24 are fixedly connected at the outer side of the second rotating rod 39 close to the front end, a dust collection pipe 21 is inserted in the bottom of the dust collection box 20, a dust collection pipe 22 is fixedly connected at the bottom end of the dust collection pipe 21, through holes are formed in the top of the dust collection box 20 and the bottom of the, a first connecting rod 16 is hinged on the right side of the rectangular frame 15, a second movable plate is arranged on the right side of the inner cavity of the shell 1 close to the middle position, a third sliding block is fixedly connected on the right side of the second movable plate, a third sliding groove is formed in the right side of the inner cavity of the shell 1, the third sliding block is movably connected in the inner cavity of the third sliding groove, one end of the first connecting rod 16, far away from the rectangular frame 15, is hinged with the left side of the second movable plate, a second connecting rod 17 is hinged with the left side of the second movable plate, a baffle 18 is arranged on the bottom of the inner cavity of the shell 1 close to the middle position, one end of the second connecting rod 17, far away from the second movable plate, is hinged with the right side of the baffle 18, a fourth sliding block is fixedly connected on the bottom of the inner cavity of the shell 1, the fourth sliding groove is movably connected in the inner cavity of, the fifth spout has all been seted up to the left and right sides of baffle 18, and two fifth sliders are swing joint respectively at the inner chamber of fifth spout, and one side that two third movable plates kept away from all articulates there is baffle 19, and one side that third movable plate was kept away from to baffle 19 is articulated with 1 inner chamber bottom of casing, and the discharge gate has all been seted up to the left and right sides bottom department of casing 1, makes things convenient for the staff to collect the building rubbish of different grade type.
A use method of an efficient intelligent building garbage classification device comprises the following steps:
s1: when the worm-gear transmission mechanism is used, the servo motor 27 is started through an external power supply, the first threaded rod 30 is driven to rotate in the forward and reverse directions through the work of the servo motor 27, the first threaded rod 30 rotates in the forward and reverse directions to drive the first worm 31 to move left and right, and therefore the rectangular frame 15 is driven to move left and right;
s2: the movement of the rectangular frame 15 drives the second threaded rod 38 to move left and right and drives the circular tube 32 to rotate, the circular tube 32 rotates to drive the first gear 14 and the second gear 13 to rotate, and the crushing cone 5 is driven to rotate through the transmission of the second worm 12 and the first worm gear 10;
s3: pouring the construction waste from the top of the feeding hopper 2, and crushing the construction waste by the rotation of the crushing cone 5, so that the crushed waste falls into the inner cavity of the rectangular frame 15;
s4: the dust garbage is screened by two filter screens 37 in the rectangular frame 15 to fall to the top of the partition board 19 on the left side, and the dust garbage is collected through the discharge hole on the left side;
s5: when the rectangular frame 15 moves left and right, the first worm 31 drives the second worm wheel 33 to rotate, the second worm wheel 33 rotates to drive the plurality of blades 24 to rotate through the transmission of the rotating shaft 29, the first grooved wheel 23, the second grooved wheel 28 and the belt 25, so that dust is sucked into the dust collection box 26 through the dust collection pipe 22;
s6: when the rectangular frame 15 moves rightwards, the second threaded rod 38 is driven to rotate, so that the positive threaded sleeve 41 and the negative threaded sleeve 42 are driven to move away from each other, the two filter screens 37 are opened, and the fragment garbage falls from the rectangular frame 15;
s7: when the rectangular frame 15 moves rightwards, the baffle 18 is pushed to move leftwards through the first connecting rod 16 and the second connecting rod 17, so that the top of the partition plate 19 on the right side is driven to turn downwards by taking the bottom as an axial direction;
s8: the broken block type construction waste falling out of the rectangular frame 15 falls to the top of the partition plate 19 on the right side and falls to the discharge port on the right side, so that the broken block type construction waste is convenient for an operator to collect.
The working principle is as follows: when the invention is used, the servo motor 27 is started through an external power supply, when the servo motor 27 drives the first threaded rod 30 to rotate in the positive direction, the first worm 31 is driven to move rightwards through the first internal thread, the first worm 31 moves rightwards to drive the rectangular frame 15 to move rightwards, the rectangular frame 15 moves rightwards to move rightwards to drive the circular tube 32 to rotate through the second internal thread and drive the second threaded rod 38 to rotate, the circular tube 32 rotates to drive the first gear 14 to rotate, the first gear 14 rotates to drive the second gear 13 which is meshed with the first gear to rotate, the second gear 13 rotates to drive the second worm 12 to rotate, the second worm 12 rotates to drive the first worm wheel 10 to rotate, the first worm wheel 10 rotates to drive the first rotating rod 11 to rotate and simultaneously drive the first fixing rod 9 to rotate, the first fixing rod 9 rotates to drive the second fixing rod 7 to rotate through the driving rod 8 and simultaneously do eccentric circular motion, so as to pour the construction waste, the construction waste is crushed through the eccentric circular motion of the crushing cone 5, the crushing cone 5 is supported in the spherical shell 3 through the bearing rod 6 and the round ball 4, the crushed construction waste falls into the inner cavity of the rectangular frame 15, the dust waste is filtered through the two filter screens 37 and falls to the top of the partition board 19 on the left side, so that the dust waste is collected through the discharge hole on the left side, the first worm 31 drives the second worm wheel 33 to rotate when moving rightwards, the second worm wheel 33 rotates to drive the rotating shaft 29 to rotate, the rotating shaft 29 rotates to drive the second grooved wheel 28 to rotate, the second grooved wheel 28 rotates to drive the first grooved wheel 23 to rotate through the belt 25, the first grooved wheel 23 rotates to drive the second rotating rod 39 to rotate, the second rotating rod 39 rotates to drive the blades 24 to rotate, wind power is generated through the rotation of the blades 24, and dust in the dust waste is absorbed into the dust collection box 26 through the dust collection pipe 22 and the dust collection pipe 21, avoid causing environmental pollution and produce the injury to staff's health, second threaded rod 38 drives positive thread bush 41 and negative thread bush 42 when rotatory and is the motion of keeping away from mutually, positive thread bush 41 and negative thread bush 42 keep away from the removal mutually and drive two risers 40 and keep away from mutually, drive the second slider at second spout inner chamber downstream through first fly leaf, thereby open two filter screens 37, make fragment class rubbish drop in the top of the baffle 19 that is located the right side, and the landing is in the discharge gate department that is located the right side, make things convenient for the manual work to collect, thereby accomplish the classification of construction waste.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an intelligent building rubbish sorter of efficient, includes casing (1), its characterized in that: the top of the shell (1) is spliced with a feeding funnel (2), an inner cavity of the feeding funnel (2) is provided with a crushing cone (5), the top of the crushing cone (5) is fixedly connected with a bearing rod (6), a spherical shell (3) is arranged at a position, close to the top, of the inner cavity of the feeding funnel (2), a sphere (4) is arranged in the inner cavity of the spherical shell (3), the top end of the bearing rod (6) penetrates through the spherical shell (3) and is fixedly connected with the sphere (4), the left side and the right side of the spherical shell (3) are both fixedly connected with cross rods, one end, far away from the spherical shell (3), of each cross rod is fixedly connected with the feeding funnel (2), a rectangular frame (15) is arranged at a position, close to the top, of the inner cavity of the shell (1), a limiting mechanism is arranged at the top of the rectangular frame (15), a turnover mechanism is arranged in the inner cavity of the rectangular frame (15, and a discharging mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the shell (1).
2. The efficient intelligent construction waste classification device according to claim 1, characterized in that: stop gear includes first diaphragm, first diaphragm fixed connection is close to top department at the inner chamber of casing (1), just first diaphragm is located the top of rectangle frame (15), the inner chamber left and right sides of rectangle frame (15) is close to the equal fixedly connected with fixed plate in top department, two the first slider of the equal fixedly connected with in top of fixed plate, first spout, two have been seted up to the bottom of first diaphragm the equal swing joint of first slider is at the inner chamber of first spout.
3. The efficient intelligent construction waste classification device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the turnover mechanism comprises a positive thread sleeve (41) and a negative thread sleeve (42), wherein the inner cavities of the positive thread sleeve (41) and the negative thread sleeve (42) are commonly provided with a second threaded rod (38) in a penetrating manner, the left side and the right side of the rectangular frame (15) are respectively and fixedly connected with a second bearing, the left end of the second threaded rod (38) is inserted into the inner cavity of the adjacent second bearing, the right side of the shell (1) close to the top is fixedly connected with a third bearing, the inner cavity of the third bearing is inserted with a circular tube (32), the right end of the second threaded rod (38) penetrates through the second bearing and is inserted into the inner cavity of the circular tube (32), the bottoms of the positive thread sleeve (41) and the negative thread sleeve (42) are respectively and fixedly connected with a vertical plate (40), one side, far away from the two vertical plates (40), is provided with a first movable plate, and one side, far away, two equal fixedly connected with second slider in adjacent one side of first fly leaf, two riser (40) keep away from one side mutually and have all seted up the second spout, two second slider swing joint is at adjacent second spout inner chamber respectively, two one side that filter screen (37) kept away from mutually is articulated with the inner chamber lateral wall of rectangle frame (15) respectively.
4. The efficient intelligent construction waste classification device according to claim 3, characterized in that: a second internal thread is formed in the inner cavity of the round pipe (32), the second threaded rod (38) is movably connected with the round pipe (32) through the second internal thread, a first gear (14) is sleeved on the outer side of the round pipe (32), the first gear (14) is located on the outer side of the shell (1), a second gear (13) is meshed at the top of the first gear (14), a second transverse plate is fixedly connected to the right side of the inner cavity of the feeding funnel (2) close to the bottom, the second transverse plate is located at the bottom of the crushing cone (5), a fourth bearing is fixedly connected to the top of the second transverse plate, a first rotating rod (11) is inserted into the inner cavity of the fourth bearing, a first worm wheel (10) is fixedly connected to the top of the first rotating rod (11), a second worm (12) is meshed to the rear side of the first worm wheel (10), a fifth bearing is fixedly connected to the right side of the feeding funnel (2) close to the bottom, the right-hand member of second worm (12) runs through the fifth bearing to with second gear (13) fixed connection, the top of first worm wheel (10) is close to right side department fixedly connected with first dead lever (9), the outside cover of first dead lever (9) is equipped with transfer line (8), the bottom centre of a circle department fixedly connected with second dead lever (7) of broken awl (5), the one end and the second dead lever (7) swing joint of first dead lever (9) are kept away from in transfer line (8).
5. The efficient intelligent construction waste classification device according to claim 1, characterized in that: a first worm (31) is fixedly connected to the front side of the rectangular frame (15) close to the top, a first internal thread is formed in an inner cavity of the first worm (31), a first threaded rod (30) is inserted into the inner cavity of the first worm (31), a second worm wheel (33) is meshed with the bottom of the first worm (31), a rotating shaft (29) penetrates through the inner cavity of the second worm wheel (33), a sixth bearing is fixedly connected to the front side of the rectangular frame (15) close to the bottom, the rear end of the rotating shaft (29) is inserted into the inner cavity of the sixth bearing, a movable rod (34) is sleeved on the outer side of the rotating shaft (29) close to the front end, a connecting shaft (35) is movably connected to one side of the front side of the movable rod (34) far away from the rotating shaft (29), a connecting rod (36) is sleeved on the outer side of the connecting shaft (35), one end of the connecting rod (36) far away from the connecting shaft (35) is hinged to, the left side of casing (1) is close to the first bearing of top fixedly connected with department, the left side of casing (1) is close to top fixedly connected with bearing plate, the top fixedly connected with servo motor (27) of bearing plate, the left end of first threaded rod (30) runs through first bearing to with the power output shaft fixed connection of servo motor (27).
6. The efficient intelligent construction waste classification device according to claim 5, wherein: the dust removal mechanism comprises a dust collection box (26) and a dust collection box (20), the dust collection box (26) is fixedly connected to the front side of the dust collection box (20), a first grooved pulley (23) is arranged in the inner cavity of the dust collection box (20), a second grooved pulley (28) is sleeved on the outer side of the rotating shaft (29), the second grooved pulley (28) is located on the rear side of the second worm gear (33), a belt (25) is arranged between the first grooved pulley (23) and the second grooved pulley (28), a through hole matched with the belt (25) is formed in the top of the dust collection box (20), the first grooved pulley (23) is in transmission connection with the second grooved pulley (28) through the belt (25), a second rotating rod (39) penetrates through the inner cavity of the first grooved pulley (23), a seventh rotating rod bearing is fixedly connected to the rear side of the dust collection box (20), and the rear end of the second grooved pulley (39) is inserted into the seventh bearing inner cavity, the outside of second dwang (39) is close to front end department fixedly connected with a plurality of blade (24), the bottom of suction box (20) is pegged graft and is had dust absorption pipe (21), the bottom fixedly connected with dust collecting tube (22) of dust absorption pipe (21), the through-hole has all been seted up to the bottom of suction box (20) top and dust collecting box (26).
7. The efficient intelligent construction waste classification device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the discharging mechanism comprises a first connecting rod (16), the first connecting rod (16) is hinged to the right side of a rectangular frame (15), a second movable plate is arranged at the position, close to the middle position, of the right side of an inner cavity of the shell (1), a third sliding block is fixedly connected to the right side of the second movable plate, a third sliding groove is formed in the right side of the inner cavity of the shell (1), the third sliding block is movably connected to an inner cavity of the third sliding groove, one end, far away from the rectangular frame (15), of the first connecting rod (16) is hinged to the left side of the second movable plate, the left side of the second movable plate is hinged to a second connecting rod (17), a baffle (18) is arranged at the position, close to the middle position, of the bottom of the inner cavity of the shell (1), one end, far away from the second movable plate, of the second connecting rod (17) is hinged to the right side of the baffle (18), a fourth, fourth slider swing joint all is equipped with the third fly leaf, two near top department in the left and right sides of baffle (18) the equal fixedly connected with fifth slider in the adjacent one side of third fly leaf, the fifth spout has all been seted up, two in the left and right sides of baffle (18) the inner chamber of fifth spout, two of fifth slider swing joint respectively one side that the third fly leaf was kept away from all articulates there is baffle (19), one side that the third fly leaf was kept away from in baffle (19) is articulated bottom casing (1) inner chamber, the discharge gate has all been seted up in the left and right sides bottom department of casing (1).
8. The use method of the efficient intelligent construction waste classification device according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1: when the device is used, the servo motor (27) is started through an external power supply, the servo motor (27) works to drive the first threaded rod (30) to rotate in the forward and reverse directions, the first threaded rod (30) rotates in the forward and reverse directions to drive the first worm (31) to move left and right, and therefore the rectangular frame (15) is driven to move left and right;
s2: the second threaded rod (38) is driven to move left and right by the movement of the rectangular frame (15) and drives the circular tube (32) to rotate, the circular tube (32) rotates to drive the first gear (14) and the second gear (13) to rotate, and the crushing cone (5) is driven to rotate by the transmission of the second worm (12) and the first worm wheel (10);
s3: pouring the construction waste into the feeding hopper (2) from the top, and crushing the construction waste by the rotation of the crushing cone (5) so that the crushed waste falls into the inner cavity of the rectangular frame (15);
s4: the dust garbage is screened by two filter screens (37) in the rectangular frame (15) to fall to the top of the partition board (19) on the left side, and the dust garbage is collected through the discharge hole on the left side;
s5: when the rectangular frame (15) moves left and right, the first worm (31) drives the second worm wheel (33) to rotate, the second worm wheel (33) drives the blades (24) to rotate through the transmission of the rotating shaft (29), the first grooved wheel (23), the second grooved wheel (28) and the belt (25), and therefore dust is sucked into the dust collection box (26) through the dust collection pipe (22);
s6: when the rectangular frame (15) moves rightwards, the second threaded rod (38) is driven to rotate, so that the positive thread sleeve (41) and the negative thread sleeve (42) are driven to move away from each other, the two filter screens (37) are opened, and the fragment garbage falls from the rectangular frame (15);
s7: when the rectangular frame (15) moves rightwards, the baffle (18) is pushed to move leftwards through the first connecting rod (16) and the second connecting rod (17), so that the top of the partition board (19) on the right side is driven to turn downwards by taking the bottom as an axial direction;
s8: the broken building garbage falling out of the rectangular frame (15) falls to the top of the partition plate (19) on the right side and falls to the discharge port on the right side, so that an operator can collect the broken building garbage conveniently.
CN202110042942.6A 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 Efficient intelligent building garbage classification device and use method Withdrawn CN112871980A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114369000A (en) * 2021-12-13 2022-04-19 新疆宜中天环保科技有限公司 Environment-friendly humic acid ammonia apparatus for producing
CN115158926A (en) * 2022-07-08 2022-10-11 美欣达欣环卫科技有限公司 Intelligent garbage classification and recovery treatment equipment
CN116253419A (en) * 2023-05-16 2023-06-13 烟台鲁东分析测试有限公司 Heavy metal wastewater precipitation equipment

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114369000A (en) * 2021-12-13 2022-04-19 新疆宜中天环保科技有限公司 Environment-friendly humic acid ammonia apparatus for producing
CN114369000B (en) * 2021-12-13 2023-09-12 新疆宜中天环保科技有限公司 Environment-friendly humic acid ammonia apparatus for producing
CN115158926A (en) * 2022-07-08 2022-10-11 美欣达欣环卫科技有限公司 Intelligent garbage classification and recovery treatment equipment
CN115158926B (en) * 2022-07-08 2024-04-26 美欣达欣环卫科技有限公司 Intelligent garbage classification and recycling equipment
CN116253419A (en) * 2023-05-16 2023-06-13 烟台鲁东分析测试有限公司 Heavy metal wastewater precipitation equipment

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