CN109365060B - Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection - Google Patents

Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109365060B
CN109365060B CN201811465208.5A CN201811465208A CN109365060B CN 109365060 B CN109365060 B CN 109365060B CN 201811465208 A CN201811465208 A CN 201811465208A CN 109365060 B CN109365060 B CN 109365060B
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China
Prior art keywords
worm
shaft
plate
metal
driving
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CN201811465208.5A
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CN109365060A (en
Inventor
那健
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Zhejiang Pengsheng Construction Group Co.,Ltd.
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Zhejiang Pengsheng Construction Group Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/20Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with two or more co-operating rotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/04Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with the material carriers in the form of trays or with tables
    • B03C1/08Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with the material carriers in the form of trays or with tables with non-movable magnets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of building environmental protection, in particular to an environment-friendly civil engineering building material recovery device. Defeated material area fixed connection on the base, broken subassembly fixed connection is at the left end of defeated material area, broken subassembly is connected with defeated material belt transmission, stock guide fixed connection is at the left end of defeated material area, the left end of stock guide is located broken subassembly's below, the right-hand member fixed connection of stock guide is at the lower extreme of rubbish screening subassembly, rubbish screening subassembly fixed connection is at the right-hand member of defeated material area, broken subassembly is connected with rubbish screening subassembly transmission, rubbish screening subassembly is connected with metal separation subassembly transmission. The invention can carry out crushing treatment, garbage separation treatment, metal removal treatment and conveying treatment of building raw materials on large wall waste in building construction waste, improves the recovery treatment efficiency of building garbage, effectively improves the utilization rate of resources, reduces environmental pollution and has low labor intensity.

Description

Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of building environmental protection, in particular to an environment-friendly civil engineering building material recovery device.
Background
In the engineering of dismantling and refitting buildings, a large amount of waste materials are discarded, wherein the proportion of wall bodies, bricks and other materials is the largest, and the materials are very good raw materials for making bricks and foundations, so that the direct discarding of the materials not only wastes resources, but also causes pollution to the environment; the building material recovery device prepares waste building materials such as walls, bricks and the like into new raw materials through processes such as crushing, metal removal and the like, effectively improves the utilization rate of resources and reduces environmental pollution.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an environment-friendly civil engineering construction material recycling device which has the advantages that the device can perform crushing treatment, garbage separation treatment, metal removal treatment and conveying treatment of construction raw materials on large wall waste in construction waste, improves the recycling treatment efficiency of construction waste, effectively improves the utilization rate of resources, reduces environmental pollution and has low labor intensity.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
an environment-friendly recycling device for civil engineering building materials comprises a base, a material conveying belt, a crushing assembly, a material guide plate, a metal separation assembly, a garbage screening assembly and metal collecting boxes, wherein the material conveying belt is fixedly connected to the base, the crushing assembly is fixedly connected to the left end of the material conveying belt, the crushing assembly is in transmission connection with the material conveying belt, the material guide plate is fixedly connected to the left end of the material conveying belt, the left end of the material guide plate is located below the crushing assembly, the right end of the material guide plate is fixedly connected to the lower end of the garbage screening assembly, the garbage screening assembly is fixedly connected to the right end of the material conveying belt, the crushing assembly is in transmission connection with the garbage screening assembly, the garbage screening assembly is in transmission connection with the metal separation assembly, the metal separation assembly is fixedly connected between the crushing assembly and the garbage screening assembly, the metal separation assembly is located above the material guide plate, and the, the two metal collecting boxes are respectively positioned below two ends of the metal separating component.
The crushing assembly comprises a feeding seat, a driving shaft, a driven belt wheel II, a driving gear, a driven shaft, a crushing body, a driving belt wheel, a worm I and a worm frame; the driving shaft and the driven shaft are respectively and rotatably connected to two ends of the feeding seat through bearings with seats, the driven belt pulley II and the driving gear are fixedly connected to the driving shaft, the driven belt pulley II and the driving gear are located at the front end of the feeding seat, the driving gear is in meshed transmission with the driven gear, the driven gear and the driving belt pulley are respectively and fixedly connected to the outer ends of two ends of the driven shaft, a plurality of crushing bodies are fixedly connected to the driving shaft and the driven shaft, the crushing bodies are located in the feeding seat, and the crushing bodies on the driving shaft and the driven shaft are arranged in a staggered mode; the garbage screening device comprises a driving belt wheel, a worm I, a worm frame, a feeding seat and a feeding seat, wherein the driving belt wheel is in transmission connection with the driving belt wheel through a belt, the driving belt wheel is fixedly connected to one end of the worm I, the other end of the worm I is in transmission connection with the garbage screening component, the middle end of the worm I is rotatably connected to the worm frame through a belt seat bearing, the worm frame is fixedly connected to the feeding seat, and the feeding seat is; and the driven belt wheel II is in transmission connection with the conveying belt.
The conveying belt comprises a side frame plate, a first roller shaft, a second roller shaft, a motor, a driving belt wheel I, a driven belt wheel I, a driving belt wheel II, rollers, a conveying belt and a feeding seat support; two ends of the second roller shaft are respectively and rotatably connected to the left ends of the two side frame plates through bearings with seats, two ends of the first roller shaft are respectively and rotatably connected to the right ends of the two side frame plates through bearings with seats, and the two side frame plates are both fixedly connected to the base; first roller axle passes through coupling joint on the output shaft of motor, the motor passes through motor frame fixed connection on the limit frame plate of front end, driving pulley I and driving pulley II respectively fixed connection are epaxial at first roller and second roller, driving pulley I and driving pulley II are connected through the belt transmission, I fixed connection of driven pulley is epaxial at the second roller, driven pulley I is connected through the belt transmission with driven pulley II, epaxial respectively fixedly connected with roller of first roller and second roller, connect through the conveyor belt transmission between two rollers, conveyor belt's the left and right sides both ends are laminated with two limit frame plates respectively, the both ends of feeding seat support are fixed connection respectively at the left end of two limit frame plates, feeding seat fixed connection is on feeding seat support.
The material guide plate is fixedly connected to the feeding seat support, and the left end of the material guide plate is located below the feeding seat.
The garbage screening component comprises a separation barrel body, a barrel support, a garbage discharging pipe, a blade rotating shaft, a worm wheel I, a worm II, a rod frame plate, a worm III, a worm wheel II and a rotary conveying blade; the lower end of the left end of the separating cylinder body is provided with a feed inlet, the right end of the guide plate is fixedly connected to the inner side of the feed inlet, the guide plate is communicated with the inside of the separating cylinder body, the separating cylinder body is fixedly connected to the right ends of the two side frame plates through two cylinder supports, the conveying belt is positioned below the separating cylinder body, the upper end of the separating cylinder body is fixedly connected with and communicated with the garbage discharge pipe, the middle end of the blade rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the top surface of the separating cylinder body through a belt seat bearing, the upper end and the lower end of the blade rotating shaft are respectively and fixedly connected with a worm gear I and a rotary conveying blade, the rotary conveying blade is rotatably connected in the separating; worm wheel I is connected with II meshing transmissions of worm, and the both ends of worm II rotate through the rolling bearing respectively and connect on two pole frame boards, and two pole frame board fixed connection are on the top surface of cylinder body, and coupling joint is passed through on worm II to the one end of worm III, and the other end fixedly connected with worm wheel II of worm III, worm wheel II and the other end meshing transmission of worm I, the middle-end and the metal separation subassembly transmission of worm III are connected.
The metal separation component comprises a transverse frame plate, a connecting plate, a metal adsorption plate, a wood plate, a rotating shaft, a worm gear III, a rotating rod, a round sliding column, a short shaft, a swinging scraper and a sliding column chute; the horizontal frame plate is fixedly connected between the feeding seat and the separating cylinder body, the metal adsorption plate is fixedly connected to the lower end of the left end of the horizontal frame plate through a connecting plate, the metal adsorption plate is located above the middle end of the material guide plate, two ends of the metal adsorption plate are respectively and fixedly connected with a wood plate, the two metal collecting boxes are respectively located below the two wood plates, the rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the middle end of the horizontal frame plate through a bearing with a seat, the worm wheel III and the rotating rod are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of the rotating shaft, the worm wheel III is in meshing transmission with the worm III, and the outer end of the rotating rod is fixedly connected; the upper end fixed connection of minor axis is at the right-hand member of horizontal frame plate, and the one end of swing scraper blade is passed through the rolling bearing and is rotated the lower extreme of connecting at the minor axis, and the traveller spout sets up the middle-end at the swing scraper blade, and slick and sly post sliding connection is in the traveller spout, and the up end and the metal adsorption plate laminating of the other end of swing scraper blade.
The metal adsorption plate is a rectangular magnet.
The environment-friendly civil engineering building material recovery device has the beneficial effects that:
according to the environment-friendly civil engineering construction material recovery device, the crushing assembly can be used for fully and effectively crushing construction waste, the garbage screening assembly can be used for separating other impurities and garbage in the construction waste, metal in the construction waste in the garbage screening assembly is screened out through the metal separation assembly, and the construction waste after crushing, garbage screening and metal removal is output by the conveying belt, so that the construction waste recovery efficiency is improved, the resource utilization rate is effectively improved, and the environmental pollution is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic view showing the construction of an environment-friendly civil engineering and construction material recycling apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a conveyer belt;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a partial structure of a conveyor belt;
FIG. 5 is a first schematic structural view of a crushing assembly;
FIG. 6 is a second schematic structural view of the crushing assembly;
FIG. 7 is a partial schematic view of the crushing assembly;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a material guide plate and a metal collecting box;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a metal separator assembly;
FIG. 10 is a schematic illustration of a garbage screen assembly;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a portion of a waste screening assembly;
figure 12 is a cross-sectional structural view of a waste screening assembly.
In the figure: a base 1; a material conveying belt 2; 2-1 of a side frame plate; a first roll shaft 2-2; a second roller shaft 2-3; 2-4 of a motor; a driving belt wheel I2-5; 2-6 parts of a driven belt wheel; a driving belt wheel II 2-7; 2-8 of a roller; 2-9 of a conveying belt; 2-10 parts of a feeding seat bracket; a crushing assembly 3; a feeding seat 3-1; 3-2 parts of a driving shaft; a driven belt wheel II 3-3; 3-4 parts of a driving gear; 3-5 parts of a driven gear; 3-6 parts of a driven shaft; 3-7 parts of a crushing body; 3-8 of a driving belt wheel; 3-9 of a driving belt wheel; 3-10 parts of worm I; 3-11 parts of worm rack; a material guide plate 4; a metal separation assembly 5; 5-1 of a transverse frame plate; a connecting plate 5-2; 5-3 parts of a metal adsorption plate; 5-4 parts of a wood board; 5-5 of a rotating shaft; 5-6 of a worm gear; 5-7 of a rotating rod; 5-8 parts of round sliding column; 5-9 of a short shaft; 5-10 parts of a swinging scraper; 5-11 sliding chutes of sliding columns; a waste screening assembly 6; a separation cylinder body 6-1; a cartridge holder 6-2; 6-3 parts of a garbage discharge pipe; 6-4 of a blade rotating shaft; 6-5 of a worm gear I; 6-6 parts of worm; 6-7 of a lever rack plate; 6-8 parts of worm III; 6-9 of a worm gear; 6-10 of rotary conveying blades; a metal collection box 7.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-12 and the specific implementation.
The first embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 12, and the environment-friendly civil engineering and construction material recycling device comprises a base 1, a material conveying belt 2, a crushing assembly 3, a material guide plate 4, a metal separation assembly 5, a garbage screening assembly 6 and a metal collecting box 7, wherein the material conveying belt 2 is fixedly connected to the base 1, the crushing assembly 3 is fixedly connected to the left end of the material conveying belt 2, the crushing assembly 3 is in transmission connection with the material conveying belt 2, the material guide plate 4 is fixedly connected to the left end of the material conveying belt 2, the left end of the material guide plate 4 is positioned below the crushing assembly 3, the right end of the material guide plate 4 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the garbage screening assembly 6, the garbage screening assembly 6 is fixedly connected to the right end of the material conveying belt 2, the crushing assembly 3 is in transmission connection with the garbage screening assembly 6, the garbage screening assembly 6 is in transmission connection with the metal separation assembly 5, the metal separation assembly 5 is fixedly, the metal separation component 5 is positioned above the material guide plate 4, the two metal collecting boxes 7 are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the material guide plate 4, and the two metal collecting boxes 7 are respectively positioned below the two ends of the metal separation component 5. When the garbage sorting device is used, the material conveying belt 2 can drive the crushing component 3 to work after being electrified, the crushing component 3 drives the garbage sorting component 6 to work, and the garbage sorting component 6 drives the metal separation component 5 to work; the construction waste to be treated is put into the crushing component 3, the crushing component 3 crushes large wall waste in the construction waste when in operation, the construction waste after crushing falls into the material guide plate 4, the crushed construction waste on the material guide plate 4 slides down to the waste screening component 6 under the action of gravity, when the crushed construction waste passes through the middle end of the material guide plate 4 in the sliding process, the metal separating component 5 adsorbs and separates metal in the crushed construction waste when in operation, the metal is collected into two metal collecting boxes 7, the crushed and demetallized construction waste falls into the waste screening component 6, the waste screening component 6 discharges other impurities and waste in the crushed and demetallized construction waste from the upper end of the waste screening component 6 when in operation, the residual construction raw materials in the garbage screening assembly 6 fall on the material conveying belt 2 to be conveyed and discharged.
The second embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-12, wherein the crushing assembly 3 comprises a feeding seat 3-1, a driving shaft 3-2, a driven pulley ii 3-3, a driving gear 3-4, a driven gear 3-5, a driven shaft 3-6, a crushing body 3-7, a driving pulley 3-8, a driving pulley 3-9, a worm i 3-10 and a worm frame 3-11; the driving shaft 3-2 and the driven shaft 3-6 are respectively and rotatably connected to two ends of the feeding seat 3-1 through a bearing with a seat, the driven belt pulley II 3-3 and the driving gear 3-4 are both fixedly connected to the driving shaft 3-2, the driven belt pulley II 3-3 and the driving gear 3-4 are positioned at the front end of the feeding seat 3-1, the driving gear 3-4 is in meshing transmission connection with the driven gear 3-5, the driven gear 3-5 and the driving belt pulley 3-8 are respectively and fixedly connected to the outer ends of two ends of the driven shaft 3-6, the driving shaft 3-2 and the driven shaft 3-6 are both fixedly connected with a plurality of crushing bodies 3-7, the crushing bodies 3-7 are positioned in the feeding seat 3-1, and the crushing bodies 3-7 on the driving shaft 3-2 and the driven shaft 3-6 are both arranged in a; the garbage screening device is characterized in that the driving belt wheel 3-8 is in transmission connection with the transmission belt wheel 3-9 through a belt, the transmission belt wheel 3-9 is fixedly connected to one end of a worm I3-10, the other end of the worm I3-10 is in transmission connection with the garbage screening component 6, the middle end of the worm I3-10 is rotatably connected to a worm frame 3-11 through a belt seat bearing, the worm frame 3-11 is fixedly connected to a feeding seat 3-1, and the feeding seat 3-1 is fixedly connected to a conveying belt 2; and the driven belt wheel II 3-3 is in transmission connection with the material conveying belt 2. When the crushing assembly 3 is used, the conveying belt 2 drives the driven belt pulley II 3-3 to rotate anticlockwise around the axis of the driven belt pulley II 3-3, the driving shaft 3-2 drives the driving gear 3-4 to rotate clockwise around the axis of the driven gear 3-5, the driven gear 3-5 drives the driven shaft 3-6 to rotate clockwise around the axis of the driven shaft 3-6, the driving belt pulley 3-8 is driven by the driven shaft 3-6 and the driving shaft 3-2 respectively drive the plurality of crushing bodies 3-7 on the driven shaft 3-6 and the driving shaft 3-2 to rotate relatively, and large blocks of wall waste in the construction waste thrown into the feeding seat 3-1 are crushed, the broken construction waste falls on the material guide plate 4; the driving belt wheels 3-8 drive the driving belt wheels 3-9 to rotate around the axes of the driving belt wheels, the driving belt wheels 3-9 drive the worms I3-10 to rotate around the axes of the driving belt wheels, and the worms I3-10 drive the garbage screening component 6 to work.
The third concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-12, and the material conveying belt 2 comprises a side frame plate 2-1, a first roller shaft 2-2, a second roller shaft 2-3, a motor 2-4, a driving pulley i 2-5, a driven pulley i 2-6, a driving pulley ii 2-7, rollers 2-8, a conveying belt 2-9 and a feeding seat support 2-10; two ends of the second roller shaft 2-3 are respectively and rotatably connected to the left ends of the two side frame plates 2-1 through bearings with seats, two ends of the first roller shaft 2-2 are respectively and rotatably connected to the right ends of the two side frame plates 2-1 through bearings with seats, and the two side frame plates 2-1 are both fixedly connected to the base 1; the first roller shaft 2-2 is connected to an output shaft of the motor 2-4 through a coupling, the motor 2-4 is fixedly connected to a side frame plate 2-1 at the front end through a motor frame, a driving pulley I2-5 and a driving pulley II 2-7 are respectively fixedly connected to the first roller shaft 2-2 and the second roller shaft 2-3, the driving pulley I2-5 and the driving pulley II 2-7 are connected through belt transmission, a driven pulley I2-6 is fixedly connected to the second roller shaft 2-3, the driven pulley I2-6 and the driven pulley II 3-3 are connected through belt transmission, the first roller shaft 2-2 and the second roller shaft 2-3 are respectively fixedly connected with a roller 2-8, and the two rollers 2-8 are connected through a conveying belt 2-9, the left end and the right end of the conveying belt 2-9 are respectively attached to the two side frame plates 2-1, the two ends of the feeding seat support 2-10 are respectively and fixedly connected to the left ends of the two side frame plates 2-1, and the feeding seat 3-1 is fixedly connected to the feeding seat support 2-10. When the material conveying belt 2 is used, the motor 2-4 is connected with a power supply and a control switch through a lead and is started, the motor 2-4 drives the first roller shaft 2-2 to rotate anticlockwise around the axis of the first roller shaft 2-2, the driving pulley I2-5 is driven to rotate around the axis of the first roller shaft 2-2, the driving pulley I2-5 drives the driving pulley II 2-7 to rotate around the axis of the first roller shaft 2-7 through a belt, the driving pulley II 2-7 drives the second roller shaft 2-3 to rotate around the axis of the second roller shaft 2-3, the driven pulley I2-6 drives the driven pulley II 3-3 to rotate anticlockwise around the axis of the second roller shaft 2-3 through a belt, the first roller shaft 2-2 and the second roller shaft 2-3 respectively drive the two rollers 2-8 to rotate, the two rollers 2-8 drive the conveying belts 2-9 to rotate anticlockwise together, and the construction raw materials discharged from the garbage screening component 6 and falling on the conveying belts 2-9 are output in the rotating process of the conveying belts 2-9.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
referring to fig. 1-12, the material guiding plate 4 is fixedly connected to the feeder base supports 2-10, and the left end of the material guiding plate 4 is located below the feeder base 3-1.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-12, and the garbage screening assembly 6 comprises a separation cylinder body 6-1, a cylinder support 6-2, a garbage discharging pipe 6-3, a blade rotating shaft 6-4, a worm gear I6-5, a worm II 6-6, a rod support plate 6-7, a worm III 6-8, a worm gear II 6-9 and a rotary conveying blade 6-10; the lower end of the left end of the separating cylinder body 6-1 is provided with a feeding hole, the right end of the guide plate 4 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the feeding hole, the guide plate 4 is communicated with the inside of the separating cylinder body 6-1, the separating cylinder body 6-1 is fixedly connected to the right ends of the two side frame plates 2-1 through the two cylinder supports 6-2, the conveying belt 2-9 is positioned below the separating cylinder body 6-1, the upper end of the separating cylinder body 6-1 is fixedly connected and communicated with the garbage discharging pipe 6-3, the middle end of the blade rotating shaft 6-4 is rotatably connected to the top surface of the separating cylinder body 6-1 through a bearing with a seat, the upper end and the lower end of the blade rotating shaft 6-4 are fixedly connected with a worm wheel I6-5 and a rotary conveying blade 6-10, the rotary conveying blade 6-10 is rotatably, the rotary conveying blades 6-10 are provided with filter holes; the worm wheel I6-5 is in meshed transmission connection with the worm II 6-6, two ends of the worm II 6-6 are rotatably connected to the two rod frame plates 6-7 through bearings with seats respectively, the two rod frame plates 6-7 are fixedly connected to the top surface of the separating cylinder body 6-1, one end of the worm III 6-8 is connected to the worm II 6-6 through a coupling, the other end of the worm III 6-8 is fixedly connected with the worm wheel II 6-9, the worm wheel II 6-9 is in meshed transmission with the other end of the worm I3-10, and the middle end of the worm III 6-8 is in transmission connection with the metal separating component 5. When the garbage screening component 6 is used, the worm I3-10 drives the worm wheel II 6-9 to rotate clockwise around the axis of the worm wheel II 6-9, the worm III 6-8 is driven by the worm wheel II 6-9 to rotate around the axis of the worm wheel II, the metal separation component 5 is driven by the worm III 6-8 to work, the worm II 6-6 drives the worm wheel II 6-6 to rotate around the axis of the worm wheel II, the worm II 6-6 drives the worm wheel I6-5 to rotate around the axis of the worm wheel I6-5, the blade rotating shaft 6-4 drives the rotary conveying blade 6-10 to rotate, and other impurities and garbage falling in the construction wastes after the crushing and the metal removal at the lower end inside the separation cylinder body 6-1 slide from the guide plate 4 are conveyed upwards in the rotating process of the rotary conveying blade 6-10, and is discharged from the upper end of the separating cylinder body 6-1, and the residual building raw materials in the separating cylinder body 6-1 fall on the conveying belt 2-9 through the filtering holes on the separating cylinder body 6-1 to be conveyed and discharged.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 12, and the metal separation assembly 5 includes a cross frame plate 5-1, a connecting plate 5-2, a metal adsorption plate 5-3, a wood plate 5-4, a rotating shaft 5-5, a worm gear iii 5-6, a rotating rod 5-7, a smooth column 5-8, a short shaft 5-9, a swinging scraper 5-10 and a sliding column chute 5-11; the horizontal frame plate 5-1 is fixedly connected between the feeding seat 3-1 and the separating cylinder body 6-1, the metal adsorption plate 5-3 is fixedly connected with the lower end of the left end of the horizontal frame plate 5-1 through a connecting plate 5-2, the metal adsorption plate 5-3 is positioned above the middle end of the material guide plate 4, two ends of the metal adsorption plate 5-3 are respectively and fixedly connected with a wood plate 5-4, two metal collecting boxes 7 are respectively positioned below the two wood plates 5-4, the rotating shaft 5-5 is rotatably connected with the middle end of the horizontal frame plate 5-1 through a bearing with a seat, the worm wheel III 5-6 and the rotating rod 5-7 are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of the rotating shaft 5-5, the worm wheel III 5-6 is in meshing transmission with the worm III 6-8, and the outer end of the rotating rod 5-7 is fixedly connected with the round; the upper end of the short shaft 5-9 is fixedly connected with the right end of the transverse frame plate 5-1, one end of the swinging scraper 5-10 is rotatably connected with the lower end of the short shaft 5-9 through a bearing with a seat, the sliding column chute 5-11 is arranged at the middle end of the swinging scraper 5-10, the smooth column 5-8 is slidably connected in the sliding column chute 5-11, and the upper end face of the other end of the swinging scraper 5-10 is attached to the metal adsorption plate 5-3. When the metal separation component 5 is used, metal in the broken building construction waste below 5-3 is adsorbed by the metal adsorption plate 5-3, the worm III 6-8 drives the worm wheel III 5-6 to rotate clockwise around the axis of the worm wheel III 5-6, the rotating shaft 5-5 is driven by the worm wheel III 5-6 to rotate clockwise around the axis of the worm wheel III, the rotating shaft 5-5 drives the rotating rod 5-7 to rotate clockwise around the axis of the rotating rod 5-7, the rotating rod 5-7 drives the circular sliding column 5-8 to do clockwise circular motion around the axis of the rotating shaft 5-5, the circular sliding column 5-8 drives the swinging scraper 5-10 to do reciprocating swing motion, when the swinging scraper 5-10 swings in a reciprocating mode, the metal adsorbed on the lower end face of the metal adsorption plate 5-3 is scraped leftwards and rightwards and pushed, when the metal is pushed to the position of the, since the wooden plate 5-4 is not magnetic, the metal is separated from the metal adsorption plate 5-3 and falls into the two metal collection boxes 7 by gravity.
The seventh embodiment:
in the following, the present embodiment will be described with reference to fig. 1 to 12, in which the metal attraction plate 5 to 3 is a rectangular magnet.
The invention relates to a working principle of an environment-friendly civil engineering building material recovery device, which comprises the following steps: when the garbage sorting device is used, the material conveying belt 2 can drive the crushing component 3 to work after being electrified, the crushing component 3 drives the garbage sorting component 6 to work, and the garbage sorting component 6 drives the metal separation component 5 to work; the construction waste to be treated is put into the crushing component 3, the crushing component 3 crushes large wall waste in the construction waste when in operation, the construction waste after crushing falls into the material guide plate 4, the crushed construction waste on the material guide plate 4 slides down to the waste screening component 6 under the action of gravity, when the crushed construction waste passes through the middle end of the material guide plate 4 in the sliding process, the metal separating component 5 adsorbs and separates metal in the crushed construction waste when in operation, the metal is collected into two metal collecting boxes 7, the crushed and demetallized construction waste falls into the waste screening component 6, the waste screening component 6 discharges other impurities and waste in the crushed and demetallized construction waste from the upper end of the waste screening component 6 when in operation, the residual construction raw materials in the garbage screening assembly 6 fall on the material conveying belt 2 to be conveyed and discharged.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection, includes that base (1), defeated material area (2), broken subassembly (3), stock guide (4), metal separation subassembly (5), rubbish screening subassembly (6) and metal collect box (7), its characterized in that: the material conveying belt (2) is fixedly connected to the base (1), the crushing component (3) is fixedly connected to the left end of the material conveying belt (2), the crushing component (3) is in transmission connection with the material conveying belt (2), the left end of the guide plate (4) is positioned below the crushing component (3), the right end of the guide plate (4) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the garbage screening component (6), the garbage screening component (6) is fixedly connected to the right end of the material conveying belt (2), the crushing component (3) is in transmission connection with the garbage screening component (6), the garbage screening component (6) is in transmission connection with the metal separation component (5), the metal separation component (5) is fixedly connected between the crushing component (3) and the garbage screening component (6), the metal separation component (5) is positioned above the guide plate (4), two metal collecting boxes (7) are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the guide plate (4), the two metal collecting boxes (7) are respectively positioned below two ends of the metal separating component (5);
the crushing assembly (3) comprises a feeding seat (3-1), a driving shaft (3-2), a driven belt wheel II (3-3), a driving gear (3-4), a driven gear (3-5), a driven shaft (3-6), a crushing body (3-7), a driving belt wheel (3-8), a driving belt wheel (3-9), a worm I (3-10) and a worm frame (3-11); the driving shaft (3-2) and the driven shaft (3-6) are respectively and rotatably connected with two ends of the feeding seat (3-1), the driven belt wheel II (3-3) and the driving gear (3-4) are respectively and fixedly connected on the driving shaft (3-2), the driven belt wheel II (3-3) and the driving gear (3-4) are positioned at the front end of the feeding seat (3-1), the driving gear (3-4) is in meshing transmission connection with the driven gear (3-5), the driven gear (3-5) and the driving belt wheel (3-8) are respectively and fixedly connected with the outer ends of two ends of the driven shaft (3-6), the driving shaft (3-2) and the driven shaft (3-6) are respectively and fixedly connected with a plurality of crushing bodies (3-7), and the crushing bodies (3-7) are positioned in the feeding seat (3-1), the crushing bodies (3-7) on the driving shaft (3-2) and the driven shaft (3-6) are arranged in a staggered way; the garbage screening device is characterized in that the driving belt wheel (3-8) is in transmission connection with the transmission belt wheel (3-9) through a belt, the transmission belt wheel (3-9) is fixedly connected to one end of the worm I (3-10), the other end of the worm I (3-10) is in transmission connection with the garbage screening component (6), the middle end of the worm I (3-10) is rotatably connected to the worm frame (3-11), the worm frame (3-11) is fixedly connected to the feeding seat (3-1), and the feeding seat (3-1) is fixedly connected to the conveying belt (2); the driven belt wheel II (3-3) is in transmission connection with the material conveying belt (2);
the material conveying belt (2) comprises a side frame plate (2-1), a first roller shaft (2-2), a second roller shaft (2-3), a motor (2-4), a driving pulley I (2-5), a driven pulley I (2-6), a driving pulley II (2-7), rollers (2-8), a conveying belt (2-9) and a feeding seat support (2-10); two ends of the second roller shaft (2-3) are respectively and rotatably connected to the left ends of the two side frame plates (2-1), two ends of the first roller shaft (2-2) are respectively and rotatably connected to the right ends of the two side frame plates (2-1), and the two side frame plates (2-1) are both fixedly connected to the base (1); the first roller shaft (2-2) is connected to an output shaft of the motor (2-4) through a coupling, the motor (2-4) is fixedly connected to a side frame plate (2-1) at the front end through a motor frame, a driving pulley I (2-5) and a driving pulley II (2-7) are respectively and fixedly connected to the first roller shaft (2-2) and a second roller shaft (2-3), the driving pulley I (2-5) and the driving pulley II (2-7) are connected through belt transmission, a driven pulley I (2-6) is fixedly connected to the second roller shaft (2-3), the driven pulley I (2-6) and the driven pulley II (3-3) are connected through belt transmission, the first roller shaft (2-2) and the second roller shaft (2-3) are respectively and fixedly connected with a roller (2-8), the two rollers (2-8) are in transmission connection through conveying belts (2-9), the left and right ends of the conveying belts (2-9) are respectively attached to the two side frame plates (2-1), the two ends of the feeding seat support (2-10) are respectively and fixedly connected to the left ends of the two side frame plates (2-1), and the feeding seat (3-1) is fixedly connected to the feeding seat support (2-10);
the material guide plate (4) is fixedly connected to the feeding seat support (2-10), and the left end of the material guide plate (4) is positioned below the feeding seat (3-1);
the garbage screening component (6) comprises a separating cylinder body (6-1), a cylinder support (6-2), a garbage discharging pipe (6-3), a blade rotating shaft (6-4), a worm wheel I (6-5), a worm II (6-6), a rod support plate (6-7), a worm III (6-8), a worm wheel II (6-9) and a rotary conveying blade (6-10); the lower end of the left end of the separating cylinder body (6-1) is provided with a feeding hole, the right end of the guide plate (4) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the feeding hole, the guide plate (4) is communicated with the inside of the separating cylinder body (6-1), the separating cylinder body (6-1) is fixedly connected to the right ends of the two side frame plates (2-1) through two cylinder supports (6-2), a conveying belt (2-9) is positioned below the separating cylinder body (6-1), the upper end of the separating cylinder body (6-1) is fixedly connected and communicated with a garbage discharging pipe (6-3), the upper end of a blade rotating shaft (6-4) is rotatably connected to the top surface of the separating cylinder body (6-1), the upper end and the lower end of the blade rotating shaft (6-4) are fixedly connected with a worm wheel I (6-5) and a rotary conveying blade (6-10), the rotary conveying blades (6-10) are rotatably connected in the separating cylinder body (6-1), and the rotary conveying blades (6-10) are provided with filter holes; the worm wheel I (6-5) is in meshed transmission connection with the worm II (6-6), two ends of the worm II (6-6) are respectively rotatably connected to two rod frame plates (6-7), the two rod frame plates (6-7) are fixedly connected to the top surface of the separating cylinder body (6-1), one end of the worm III (6-8) is connected to the worm II (6-6) through a coupler, the other end of the worm III (6-8) is fixedly connected with the worm wheel II (6-9), the worm wheel II (6-9) is in meshed transmission with the other end of the worm I (3-10), and the middle end of the worm III (6-8) is in transmission connection with the metal separating component (5);
the metal separation component (5) comprises a transverse frame plate (5-1), a connecting plate (5-2), a metal adsorption plate (5-3), a wood plate (5-4), a rotating shaft (5-5), a worm wheel III (5-6), a rotating rod (5-7), a round sliding column (5-8), a short shaft (5-9), a swinging scraper (5-10) and a sliding column chute (5-11); the horizontal frame plate (5-1) is fixedly connected between the feeding seat (3-1) and the separating cylinder body (6-1), the metal adsorption plate (5-3) is fixedly connected with the lower end of the left end of the horizontal frame plate (5-1) through the connecting plate (5-2), the metal adsorption plate (5-3) is positioned above the middle end of the material guide plate (4), two ends of the metal adsorption plate (5-3) are respectively and fixedly connected with a wood plate (5-4), the two metal collecting boxes (7) are respectively positioned below the two wood plates (5-4), the rotating shaft (5-5) is rotatably connected with the middle end of the horizontal frame plate (5-1), the worm wheel III (5-6) and the rotating rod (5-7) are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of the rotating shaft (5-5), the horizontal frame plate (5-1) is positioned between the worm wheel III (5-6) and the rotating rod (5-7), the worm wheel III (5-6) is in meshing transmission with the worm III (6-8), and the outer end of the rotating rod (5-7) is fixedly connected with a round sliding column (5-8); the upper end of a short shaft (5-9) is fixedly connected to the right end of a transverse frame plate (5-1), one end of a swinging scraper (5-10) is rotatably connected to the lower end of the short shaft (5-9), a sliding column chute (5-11) is arranged at the middle end of the swinging scraper (5-10), a round sliding column (5-8) is slidably connected in the sliding column chute (5-11), and the upper end face of the other end of the swinging scraper (5-10) is attached to a metal adsorption plate (5-3).
2. An environment-friendly civil engineering and construction material recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the metal adsorption plate (5-3) is a rectangular magnet.
CN201811465208.5A 2018-12-03 2018-12-03 Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection Active CN109365060B (en)

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CN110653064B (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-06-15 合肥旭尧控制设备有限公司 Urban garbage recycling and pretreating device
CN111715344A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-09-29 江苏航运职业技术学院 Civil engineering construction waste treatment device
CN111921609A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-13 陕西理工大学 Civil engineering material separation triturating device
CN113018926B (en) * 2021-01-27 2022-04-12 湖北锦泽环保科技有限公司 Integrated filtering tank for preventing and treating water pollution

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