CN112871258B - Medical care branch of academic or vocational study is with tablet milling equipment - Google Patents

Medical care branch of academic or vocational study is with tablet milling equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112871258B
CN112871258B CN202110048965.8A CN202110048965A CN112871258B CN 112871258 B CN112871258 B CN 112871258B CN 202110048965 A CN202110048965 A CN 202110048965A CN 112871258 B CN112871258 B CN 112871258B
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
plate
box
sieve plate
tablet
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CN202110048965.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112871258A (en
Inventor
刘琳琳
刘湛
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Jinan High Tech Investment Park Operation Management Co ltd
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Laiwu Vocational and Technical College
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Priority to CN202110048965.8A priority Critical patent/CN112871258B/en
Publication of CN112871258A publication Critical patent/CN112871258A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/12Mills with non-rotating spiked members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/10Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with a roller co-operating with a stationary member
    • B02C4/12Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with a roller co-operating with a stationary member in the form of a plate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/10Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with a roller co-operating with a stationary member
    • B02C4/26Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with a roller co-operating with a stationary member in the form of a grid or grating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/40Detachers, e.g. scrapers

Abstract

The invention discloses a tablet grinding device for a medical nursing department, and relates to the technical field of medical equipment. This medical care branch of academic or vocational study uses tablet milling equipment, through control double-shaft motor work, its front side output shaft of double-shaft motor during operation drives bevel gear two and two rotations of connecting axle through bevel gear three and bevel gear four drive connecting axle three and connecting rod when connecting axle two rotates, it mostly all still has large granule tablet to grind the effect not good after the crocus to have solved current tablet milling equipment, thereby it is not good to lead to feeding the effect of eating to patient, and current milling equipment has a small amount of powder to glue on the device at crocus in-process, thereby the problem of patient's treatment has also been influenced simultaneously to the waste that causes powder.

Description

Medical care branch of academic or vocational study is with tablet milling equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical equipment, in particular to a tablet grinding device for a medical nursing department.
Background
The nursing is a science of application, which is divided into family nursing and paid nursing, the paid nursing must execute and develop corresponding nursing items according to relevant provisions of laws and regulations specified by ministry of health, health and welfare committee and medical administration, carry out organized, purposeful and planned completion foundation or routine nursing, observe and know the basic condition of body weight of patients, monitor or acquire disease data according to disease changes, cooperate with doctors to complete treatment of patients, strengthen infusion patrol and education, timely handle medical disputes, prevent medical accidents, develop critical vital sign monitoring, specimen collection and regular weight and nutrition collection and analysis, and take care of the problems of living, daily activities, medicine use, safety and the like of the patients from various aspects of physiology, society, culture and spirit, many patients in nursing department can not eat and eat normally, so the nursing is a big problem when the patients are fed with medicines, the nurse need earlier the tablet and grind into the powder and feed again and eat when feeding medicine to these patients, need utilize tablet milling equipment carrying out the crocus during operation to the tablet, and present tablet milling equipment mostly all the crocus effect is not good still has the large granule tablet behind the crocus, thereby lead to feeding to patient and eat the effect not good, and present milling equipment has a small amount of powder to glue on the device at the crocus in-process, thereby the waste that causes powder has also influenced patient's treatment simultaneously.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a tablet grinding device for a medical nursing department, which solves the problems that the existing tablet grinding device has poor grinding effect, large-particle tablets still exist after grinding, so that the feeding effect on patients is poor, and a small amount of medicinal powder is adhered to the device in the grinding process of the existing tablet grinding device, so that the waste of the medicinal powder is caused, and the treatment effect of the patients is also influenced.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the above purposes, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a tablet grinding device for a medical nursing department comprises a box body, wherein a double-shaft motor is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the box body, a first bevel gear is fixedly connected to the front end of an output shaft at the front side of the double-shaft motor, a second bevel gear is connected to the first bevel gear in a meshed manner, the second bevel gear is fixedly connected to the right end of a connecting shaft, the left end of the connecting shaft penetrates through a fixing plate and is fixedly connected with a third bevel gear, the first fixing plate is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the box body, the third bevel gear is connected to a fourth bevel gear in a meshed manner, the fourth bevel gear is fixedly connected to the top end of the connecting shaft, the bottom end of the connecting shaft penetrates through the second fixing plate and is fixedly connected with one end of a connecting rod, the second fixing plate is fixedly connected to the left side surface of the box body, one end of a pin shaft is fixedly connected to the right side of the first connecting rod, the other end of the pin shaft is slidably connected to the inside a sliding sleeve, and one end of the second connecting rod is fixedly connected to the right side surface of the sliding sleeve, the other end of the connecting rod passes through the left side surface of the box body and is fixedly connected to the left side surface of the first toothed plate, one end of a sliding block is fixedly connected to the left side surface of the bottom surface of the first toothed plate, the bottom end of the sliding block is slidably connected into the third sliding groove, the third sliding groove is arranged on the left side surface of the upper surface of the second sieve plate, the second sieve plate is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the box body, a fixing frame is fixedly connected to the right side surface of the first toothed plate, a rolling shaft is fixedly connected to the fixing frame, a rolling roller is movably connected to the rolling shaft, a gear is engaged and connected to the first toothed plate, the gear is fixedly connected to the fifth connecting shaft, the front end and the rear end of the fifth connecting shaft are respectively movably connected to the inner walls of the front side and the rear side of the box body, a second toothed plate is engaged and connected to the upper side of the gear, one end of a connecting plate is slidably connected to the second sliding groove, and the second sliding groove is arranged on the inner wall of the upper side of the box body, the right end of the second toothed plate is fixedly connected with a tamping block, the tamping block is lapped on the inner wall of the crushing box, the left side of the bottom surface of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a scraper, the crushing box is fixedly connected on the inner wall of the upper side of the box body, the left side of the bottom surface of the second sieve plate is fixedly connected with one end of a telescopic rod, the other end of the telescopic rod is fixedly connected on the upper surface of the first sieve plate, the spring is sleeved on the telescopic rod, the upper end of the spring is fixedly connected on the bottom surface of the second sieve plate, the other end of the spring is fixedly connected on the upper surface of the first sieve plate, the right end of the first sieve plate is hinged on the inner wall of the right side of the box body, the cam is lapped on the bottom surface of the first sieve plate and is fixedly connected on the first connecting shaft, the front end of the first connecting shaft is movably connected on the inner wall of the front side of the box body, the rear end of the connecting shaft penetrates through the rear side of the box body and is fixedly connected with a second chain wheel, the second sprocket is connected with the first sprocket through chain transmission, the grinding device comprises a connecting shaft, a chain wheel, a belt pulley, a double-shaft motor, a grinding roller, a grinding plate, a brush and a brush, wherein the chain wheel is fixedly connected to the four rear ends of the connecting shaft, the four front ends of the connecting shaft penetrate through the rear side face of a box body and are movably connected to the inner wall of the front side of the box body, the four rear sides of the connecting shaft are fixedly connected with the belt pulley II, the belt pulley II is connected with the belt pulley I through belt transmission, the belt pulley is fixedly connected to the rear side output shaft of the double-shaft motor, the four upper sides of the connecting shaft are fixedly connected with the grinding roller, the inner wall of the left side of the box body is fixedly connected with the grinding plate, the right side of the grinding roller is lapped with one end of the brush, and the other end of the brush is fixedly connected to the left side face of a supporting plate.
Preferably, the backup pad right flank fixedly connected with guide plate, another guide plate of fixedly connected with on the inner wall of box right side, two the guide plate is the inclined plane setting of downward sloping, and two guide plate slope opposite direction sets up.
Preferably, a first sliding groove is formed in the inner wall of the lower side of the box body, a collection box is connected in the first sliding groove in a sliding mode, and the front surface of the collection box penetrates through the front surface of the box body and is fixedly connected with a handle.
Preferably, the front surface of the box body is fixedly connected with a controller and a glass window, and the output end of the controller is electrically connected with the input end of the double-shaft motor.
Preferably, crushing case upper surface fixedly connected with inlet pipe one end, the inlet pipe other end passes the box upper surface and extends to its outside.
Preferably, a plurality of through-holes have all been seted up to broken bottom of the case face and right flank, it is solid 316 stainless steel material setting to smash the briquetting, roll and grind the roller.
Preferably, the second sliding groove is a T-shaped sliding groove, the upper end of the connecting plate is T-shaped, and the first sieve plate is an inclined plane inclined to the left.
Preferably, the outer surface of the grinding roller is provided with a raised grinding block, the right side of the sieve plate II is provided with a plurality of sieve pores, and the diameter of the sieve pore of the sieve plate I is smaller than that of the sieve pore of the sieve plate II.
A use method of a tablet grinding device for a medical nursing department comprises the following steps:
s1, when the device is used, a user firstly adds tablets into the crushing box through the feeding pipe, then the user controls the double-shaft motor to work through the controller, the double-shaft motor drives the rolling roller to roll on the second sieve plate to roll and crush the tablet particles on the second sieve plate when working, and the tamping block moves left and right in the crushing box to crush the tablets;
s2, scraping the tablet powder adhered to the rolling roller by using the scraper in the process that the rolling roller rolls the tablet particles, and simultaneously dropping the rolled medicine powder on the first sieve plate from the sieve holes of the second sieve plate;
s3, the tablet powder falls on the first sieve plate and then is sieved by the vibration of the first sieve plate, fine drug powder falls into the collection box from the first sieve plate, large-particle drug powder falls into the grinding plate and is further ground by the grinding roller, and after grinding is finished, the collection box is pulled out by a user to pour out the tablet powder.
(III) advantageous effects
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. this medical care branch of academic or vocational study uses tablet milling equipment, through control double-shaft motor work, its front side output shaft of double-shaft motor during operation drives bevel gear two and two rotations of connecting axle through bevel gear three and bevel gear four when rotating, drive connecting rod two and pinion rack one through round pin axle and sliding sleeve when connecting rod one rotates and remove, drive when pinion rack one removes and roll the compression roller and roll on sieve two, thereby utilize the compression roller to roll the tablet, and then improve the effect of the device crocus and the efficiency of crocus, pinion rack one drives pinion rack two and smashes the briquetting and remove through the gear when removing, thereby utilize the removal of smashing the briquetting to carry out broken preliminary treatment to the tablet, and further improve the efficiency of the device to the tablet crocus.
2. This medical care branch of academic or vocational study uses tablet milling equipment, through control double-shaft motor work, double-shaft motor during operation rear side output shaft passes through belt pulley one and belt drive belt pulley two and four rotations of connecting axle, it is rotatory to drive the grinding roller when connecting axle four rotates, thereby utilize the rotation of grinding the roller to further grind large granule tablet powder, and then further improve the device's crocus effect, it is rotatory to drive sprocket two and connecting axle one through sprocket one and chain when connecting axle four rotates, it shakes to drive sieve one through the cam when connecting axle one rotates, thereby utilize the vibrations of sieve one to accelerate the screening efficiency to the tablet powder, also can improve the screening effect of a pair of tablet powder of sieve simultaneously.
3. This medical care branch of academic or vocational study uses tablet milling equipment, through set up the scraper blade in broken bottom of the case portion, thereby utilize the scraper blade to strike off the tablet powder of adhesion on the roller when rolling about the roller, and then avoid the adhesion of tablet powder to cause the waste on the roller, also can avoid tablet powder quantity to reduce the treatment effect to patient simultaneously, there is the brush through lapping on roller right side overlap joint, thereby utilize the brush to sweep away the tablet powder of adhesion on the roller, and then further improve the device's practicality and also can further avoid the waste of medicine simultaneously, through setting up two guide plates in sieve below, thereby utilize the guide plate to lead to in the collection box with the tablet powder of sieve first sieve separation, and then avoid the tablet powder to directly fall from sieve one and drift about and cause the waste.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a rear view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of the present invention A;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top view of the structure of the present invention B;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the fixing frame of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the grinding roll of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 box body, 2 grinding rollers, 3 hairbrushes, 4 supporting plates, 5 guide plates, 6 sliding grooves I, 7 collecting boxes, 8 cams, 9 connecting shafts I, 10 sieve plates I, 11 sieve plates II, 12 grinding rollers, 13 fixing frames, 14 toothed plate I, 15 crushing boxes, 16 feeding pipes, 17 tamping blocks, 18 sliding grooves II, 19 double-shaft motors, 20 bevel gear I, 21 bevel gear II, 22 fixing plates I, 23 connecting shafts II, 24 bevel gear III, 25 bevel gear IV, 26 connecting plates, 27 connecting shafts III, 28 fixing plates II, 29 connecting rods I, 30 sliding sleeves, 31 connecting rods II, 32 sliding grooves III, 33 sliding blocks, 34 telescopic rods, 35 springs, 36 grinding plates, 37 connecting shafts IV, 38 controllers, 39 pin shafts, 40 belt pulleys I, 41 belt pulleys II, 42 connecting shafts I, 43 chain pulleys II, 44 toothed plate II, 45 scraping plates, 46 gears and 47V.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, the present invention provides a technical solution: a tablet grinding device for a medical nursing department comprises a box body 1, a double-shaft motor 19 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the box body 1, a bevel gear I20 is fixedly connected to the front end of an output shaft at the front side of the double-shaft motor 19, the bevel gear I20 is connected with a bevel gear II 21 in a meshed mode, the bevel gear II 21 is fixedly connected to the right end of a connecting shaft II 23, the left end of the connecting shaft II 23 penetrates through a fixing plate I22 and is fixedly connected with a bevel gear III 24, the connecting shaft II 23 is movably connected to the fixing plate I22, so that the fixing plate I22 is used for fixedly supporting the connecting shaft II 23, the stability of the connecting shaft II 23 is further improved, the fixing plate I22 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the box body 1, the bevel gear III 24 is connected with a bevel gear IV 25 in a meshed mode, the bevel gear IV 25 is fixedly connected to the top end of the connecting shaft III 27, the bottom end of the connecting shaft III 27 penetrates through a fixing plate II 28 and is fixedly connected with one end of a connecting rod I29, the third connecting shaft 27 is movably connected to the second fixing plate 28, so that the third connecting shaft 27 is fixedly supported by the second fixing plate 28, the stability of the third connecting shaft 27 is further improved when the third connecting shaft 27 rotates, the second fixing plate 28 is fixedly connected to the left side surface of the box body 1, one end of a pin shaft 39 is fixedly connected to the right side of the bottom surface of the first connecting rod 29, the other end of the pin shaft 39 is slidably connected to the inside of the sliding sleeve 30, the pin shaft 39 moves back and forth in the sliding sleeve 30 when the first connecting rod 29 and the pin shaft 39 rotate along the third connecting shaft 27 by slidably connecting the pin shaft 39 to the inside of the sliding sleeve 30, the first connecting rod 29 and the pin shaft 39 drive the sliding sleeve 30 and the second connecting rod 31 to move left and right, so that the second connecting rod 31 is driven to move left and right by the circular motion of the first connecting rod 29 and the pin shaft 39, one end of the second connecting rod 31 is fixedly connected to the left side surface of the box body 1 and fixedly connected to the left side surface of the first toothed plate 14 by fixedly connecting rod 29 and the right side surface of the sliding sleeve 30, one end of a sliding block 33 is fixedly connected to the left side of the bottom surface of the first toothed plate 14, the bottom end of the sliding block 33 is slidably connected into a third sliding groove 32, the sliding block 33 is arranged on the bottom surface of the first toothed plate 14, so that the first toothed plate 14 is fixedly supported by the sliding block 33, the stability of the first toothed plate 14 during movement is improved by the sliding block 33, the third sliding groove 32 is arranged on the left side of the upper surface of the second screen plate 11, the second screen plate 11 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the box body 1, a fixing frame 13 is fixedly connected to the right side surface of the first toothed plate 14, a rolling shaft is fixedly connected to the fixing frame 13, a rolling shaft 12 is movably connected to the rolling shaft, the rolling shaft 12 is driven to roll on the second screen plate 11 when the first toothed plate 14 moves left and right, so that tablets are rolled by the rolling shaft 12, the grinding effect and the efficiency of the grinding of the device are improved, a gear 46 is engaged with the upper side of the first toothed plate 14, and the gear 46 is fixedly connected to a connecting shaft five 47, the front end and the rear end of a connecting shaft five 47 are movably connected to the inner walls of the front side and the rear side of the box body 1 respectively, the upper side of the gear 46 is meshed with a toothed plate two 44, the left side of the upper surface of the toothed plate two 44 is fixedly connected with one end of a connecting plate 26, the upper end of the connecting plate 26 is slidably connected into a sliding groove two 18, the sliding groove two 18 is arranged on the inner wall of the upper side of the box body 1, the right end of the toothed plate two 44 is fixedly connected with a tamping block 17, the toothed plate two 44 and the tamping block 17 are driven to move through the gear 46 when the toothed plate one 14 moves, so that tablets are crushed and pretreated by the movement of the tamping block 17, the efficiency of the device for grinding the tablets is further improved, the tamping block 17 is lapped on the inner wall of the crushing box 15, a scraper 45 is fixedly connected to the left side of the bottom surface of the crushing box 15, so that the scraper 45 is used for scraping off the tablet powder adhered to the crushing roller 12 when the crushing roller 12 rolls left and right, further avoid the adhesion of the tablet powder on the rolling roller 12 to cause waste, and simultaneously avoid the reduction of the amount of the tablet powder from affecting the treatment effect of the patient, the crushing box 15 is fixedly connected on the inner wall of the upper side of the box body 1, one end of a telescopic rod 34 is fixedly connected on the left side of the bottom surface of the sieve plate II 11, the other end of the telescopic rod 34 is fixedly connected on the upper surface of the sieve plate I10, a spring 35 is sleeved on the telescopic rod 34, the sieve plate I10 is connected with the sieve plate II 11 by arranging the telescopic rod 34 and the spring 35, thereby the stability of the sieve plate I10 is improved by using the telescopic rod 34, meanwhile, the vibration amplitude of the sieve plate I10 can be reduced by using the elasticity of the spring 35, further, the screening effect of the tablet powder caused by the overlarge vibration amplitude of the sieve plate I10 is avoided, the upper end of the spring 35 is fixedly connected on the bottom surface of the sieve plate II 11, the other end of the spring 35 is fixedly connected on the upper surface of the sieve plate I10, the right end of the sieve plate I10 is hinged on the inner wall of the right side of the box body 1, the cam 8 is lapped on the bottom surface of the first sieve plate 10, the cam 8 is fixedly connected to the first connecting shaft 9, the first sieve plate 10 is driven by the cam 8 to vibrate when the first connecting shaft 9 rotates, so that the screening efficiency of the first sieve plate 10 is improved, and meanwhile, the screening effect of the first sieve plate 10 on the tablet powder can also be improved, the front end of the first connecting shaft 9 is movably connected to the inner wall of the front side of the box body 1, the rear end of the first connecting shaft 9 penetrates through the rear side surface of the box body 1 and is fixedly connected with the second chain wheel 43, the second chain wheel 43 is connected with the first chain wheel 42 through chain transmission, the first chain wheel 42 is fixedly connected to the rear end of the fourth connecting shaft 37, the front end of the fourth connecting shaft 37 penetrates through the rear side surface of the box body 1 and is movably connected to the inner wall of the front side of the box body 1, the second belt pulley 41 is fixedly connected to the rear side of the fourth connecting shaft 37, the first belt pulley 40 is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the double-shaft motor 19, when the double-shaft motor 19 works, the rear output shaft of the double-shaft motor drives the belt pulley II 41 and the connecting shaft IV 37 to rotate through the belt pulley I40 and the belt, the connecting shaft IV 37 drives the grinding roller 2 to rotate when rotating, so that large-particle tablet powder is further ground by the rotation of the grinding roller 2, the grinding effect of the device is further improved, the grinding roller 2 is fixedly connected onto the connecting shaft IV 37, the grinding plate 36 is fixedly connected onto the inner wall of the left side of the box body 1, one end of the brush 3 is lapped on the right side of the grinding roller 2, so that the tablet powder adhered onto the grinding roller 2 is swept by the brush 3, the practicability of the device is further improved, meanwhile, the waste of the medicine can be further avoided, the other end of the brush 3 is fixedly connected onto the left side face of the supporting plate 4, the guide plate 5 is fixedly connected onto the right side face of the supporting plate 4, and another guide plate 5 is fixedly connected onto the inner wall of the right side of the box body 1, the two guide plates 5 are inclined planes which incline downwards, the two guide plates 5 are arranged below the first sieve plate 10, so that tablet powder sieved by the first sieve plate 10 is guided into the collection box 7 by the guide plates 5, further, the waste caused by the fact that the tablet powder directly falls down from the first sieve plate 10 and scatters is avoided, the two guide plates 5 are arranged in opposite inclination directions, the inner wall of the lower side of the box body 1 is provided with a first chute 6, the first chute 6 is connected with the collection box 7 in a sliding manner, the front surface of the collection box 7 penetrates through the front surface of the box body 1 and is fixedly connected with a handle, the collection box 7 is arranged in the box body 1, so that the tablet powder is collected and stored by the collection box 7, the collection box 7 is connected into the first chute 6 in a sliding manner, a user can conveniently move the collection box 7 to take out the tablet powder, the practicability of the device is improved, the front surface of the box body 1 is fixedly connected with a controller 38 and a glass window, through setting the glass window on the front surface of the box body 1, thereby facilitating the user to observe the drug milling condition inside the box body 1 by the glass window, further facilitating the user to carry out subsequent operation according to the condition inside the box body 1, the output end of the controller 38 is electrically connected with the input end of the double-shaft motor 19, the upper surface of the crushing box 15 is fixedly connected with one end of the feeding pipe 16, the other end of the feeding pipe 16 passes through the upper surface of the box body 1 and extends to the outer side thereof, the bottom surface and the right side surface of the crushing box 15 are both provided with a plurality of through holes, the tamping block 17, the grinding roller 12 and the grinding roller 2 are both solid 316 stainless steel material, the tamping block 17, the grinding roller 12 and the grinding roller 2 are both solid, thereby improving the milling effect by increasing the self weight of the tamping block 17, the grinding roller 12 and the grinding roller 2, and simultaneously setting the material of the three into 316 stainless steel, thereby improving the wear resistance of the device, and further prolonging the service life of the device, groove two 18 sets up for T type spout, and 26 upper ends of connecting plate are the setting of T type, and a sieve 10 is the inclined plane setting to the left bank, and 2 surfaces of grinding roller are provided with bellied abrasive brick, through setting up bellied abrasive brick at 2 surfaces of grinding roller to increase the frictional force between grinding roller 2 and the lapping plate 36, and then further improve the device's grinding effect, and a plurality of sieve meshes have been seted up on two 11 right sides of sieve, and a sieve 10 sieve mesh diameters are less than two 11 sieve mesh diameters of sieve.
A use method of a tablet grinding device for a medical nursing department comprises the following steps:
s1, when the device is used, a user firstly adds tablets into the crushing box 15 through the feeding pipe 16, then the user controls the double-shaft motor 19 to work through the controller 38, the double-shaft motor 19 drives the rolling roller 12 to roll on the second sieve plate 11 to roll and crush the tablet particles on the second sieve plate 11 when working, and meanwhile, the tamping block 17 moves left and right in the crushing box 15 to crush the tablets;
s2, scraping the tablet powder adhered to the rolling roller 12 by using the scraper 45 in the process that the rolling roller 12 rolls the tablet particles, and simultaneously dropping the rolled medicine powder on the first sieve plate 10 from the sieve holes of the second sieve plate 11;
s3, the vibration of sieve one 10 is utilized to sieve the powder after the tablet powder falls on sieve one 10, and tiny powder falls into from sieve one 10 and collects the box 7 in, and the large granule powder falls into and utilizes grinding roller 2 to further grind on grinding plate 36, and the user will collect box 7 and pull out and pour out the tablet powder after the grinding.
The method comprises the following operation steps:
s1, when the device is used, a user firstly adds tablets into the crushing box 15 through the feeding pipe 16, then the user controls the operation of the double-shaft motor 19 through the controller 38, when the double-shaft motor 19 operates, the front output shaft of the double-shaft motor drives the bevel gear I20 to rotate, when the bevel gear I20 rotates, the bevel gear II 21 and the connecting shaft II 23 are driven to rotate through meshing transmission, when the connecting shaft II 23 rotates, the bevel gear IV 25 and the connecting shaft III 27 are driven to rotate through the bevel gear III 24, when the connecting shaft III 27 rotates, the connecting rod I29 and the pin shaft rotate, when the connecting rod I29 rotates, the pin shaft 39 is driven to move back and forth in the sliding sleeve 30, simultaneously, the connecting rod I29 drives the sliding sleeve 30 and the connecting rod II 31 to move left and right through the pin shaft 39, when the connecting rod II 31 moves left and right, the connecting rod I14 moves left and right, when the tooth plate I14 moves left and right, the grinding roller 12 is driven to roll on the second sieve plate 11 through the fixing frame 13, meanwhile, when the toothed plate I14 moves, the toothed plate II 44 is driven to move left and right through the gear 46;
s2, the tooth plate II 44 moves left and right to drive the tamping block 17 to move in the crushing box 15, thereby crushing the tablets in the crushing box 15 by the movement of the tamping block 17, dropping the crushed tablets on the second sieve plate 11 from the through holes, crushing the crushed tablets by the rolling crushing roller 12 after dropping the crushed tablets on the second sieve plate 11, thereby crushing the large granular tablets, and when the rolling roller 12 rolls to the left side to contact the scraping plate 45, scraping the tablet powder adhered to the rolling roller 12 by using a scraper 45, dropping the crushed tablet particles on the first sieve plate 10 from the sieve holes on the second sieve plate 11, driving the first belt pulley 40 to rotate by an output shaft at the rear side of the double-shaft motor 19 when working, driving the second belt pulley 41 and the fourth connecting shaft 37 to rotate by belt transmission when the first belt pulley 40 rotates, and driving the second chain wheel 43 and the first connecting shaft 9 to rotate by the first chain wheel 42 and chain transmission when the fourth connecting shaft 37 rotates;
s3, when the connecting shaft I9 rotates, the cam 8 is driven to rotate, when the convex end of the cam 8 rotates upwards, the first sieve plate 10 is pushed to rotate upwards, when the cam 8 continues to rotate the convex end to rotate downwards, the first sieve plate 10 rotates downwards, so that the first sieve plate 10 is driven to vibrate up and down by the rotation of the cam 8, the tablet particles falling on the first sieve plate 10 are sieved by the vibration of the first sieve plate 10, the fine tablet powder on the first sieve plate 10 falls on the guide plate 5 from sieve holes on the first sieve plate 10, and then falls into the collecting box 7 from the guide plate 5, the large tablet powder on the first sieve plate 10 falls between the grinding plate 36 and the grinding roller 2 from the left end of the first sieve plate 10, when the connecting shaft IV 37 rotates, the grinding roller 2 rotates anticlockwise, the large tablet particles are ground into fine powder, when the grinding roller 2 rotates, the grinding roller 2 sweeps the tablet powder on the grinding roller 2 by the brush 3, ground tablet powder falls into collection box 7 from grinding plate 36 right-hand member in, user's glass window observation box 1 in the no tablet remains after stop double-shaft motor 19 work, then utilize the handle to pull forward collection box 7, then pour out the tablet powder and feed the patient, and will collect box 7 and put into spout 6 again.
The above-mentioned embodiments, objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention are further described in detail, it should be understood that the above-mentioned embodiments are only illustrative of the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a medical care branch of academic or vocational study is with tablet milling equipment, includes box (1), its characterized in that: the upper surface of the box body (1) is fixedly connected with a double-shaft motor (19), the front end of an output shaft at the front side of the double-shaft motor (19) is fixedly connected with a first bevel gear (20), the first bevel gear (20) is connected with a second bevel gear (21) in a meshing manner, the second bevel gear (21) is fixedly connected with the right end of a second connecting shaft (23), the left end of the second connecting shaft (23) penetrates through a first fixing plate (22) and is fixedly connected with a third bevel gear (24), the first fixing plate (22) is fixedly connected onto the upper surface of the box body (1), the third bevel gear (24) is connected with a fourth bevel gear (25) in a meshing manner, the fourth bevel gear (25) is fixedly connected onto the top end of a third connecting shaft (27), the bottom end of the third connecting shaft (27) penetrates through a second fixing plate (28) and is fixedly connected with one end of a first connecting rod (29), and the second fixing plate (28) is fixedly connected onto the left side surface of the box body (1), the connecting rod I (29) bottom surface right side fixedly connected with round pin axle (39) one end, round pin axle (39) other end sliding connection is in sliding sleeve (30), sliding sleeve (30) right side fixed connection has connecting rod II (31) one end, the connecting rod II (31) other end passes box (1) left surface and fixed connection is on pinion rack I (14) left surface, pinion rack I (14) bottom surface left side fixedly connected with slider (33) one end, slider (33) bottom sliding connection is in spout III (32), spout III (32) is seted up on the left of sieve plate II (11) upper surface, sieve plate II (11) fixed connection is on box (1) inner wall, pinion rack I (14) right side fixed connection has mount (13), fixedly connected with roller on mount (13), and swing joint has compression roller to roll (12) on the roller, the gear (46) is meshed and connected with the upper side of the first toothed plate (14), the gear (46) is fixedly connected onto a fifth connecting shaft (47), the front end and the rear end of the fifth connecting shaft (47) are movably connected onto the front inner wall and the rear inner wall of the box body (1) respectively, the gear (46) is meshed and connected with a second toothed plate (44), one end of a connecting plate (26) is fixedly connected onto the left side of the upper surface of the second toothed plate (44), the upper end of the connecting plate (26) is slidably connected into a second sliding groove (18), the second sliding groove (18) is arranged on the upper inner wall of the box body (1), a tamping block (17) is fixedly connected onto the right end of the second toothed plate (44), the tamping block (17) is lapped onto the inner wall of the crushing box (15), a scraper (45) is fixedly connected onto the left side of the bottom surface of the crushing box (15), and the crushing box (15) is fixedly connected onto the upper inner wall of the box body (1), the sieve plate II (11) bottom surface left side fixedly connected with telescopic link (34) one end, telescopic link (34) other end fixed connection is on sieve plate I (10) upper surface, spring (35) have been cup jointed on telescopic link (34), spring (35) upper end fixed connection is on sieve plate II (11) bottom surface, spring (35) other end fixed connection is on sieve plate I (10) upper surface, sieve plate I (10) right-hand member articulates on box (1) right side inner wall, the overlap joint has cam (8) on sieve plate I (10) bottom surface, cam (8) fixed connection is on connecting axle I (9), connecting axle I (9) front end swing joint is on box (1) front side inner wall, connecting axle I (9) rear end passes box (1) trailing flank and fixed connection sprocket II (43), sprocket II (43) is connected with sprocket I (42) through chain drive, sprocket (42) fixed connection is on four (37) rear ends of connecting axle, four (37) front ends of connecting axle pass box (1) trailing flank and swing joint on box (1) front side inner wall, four (37) rear side fixedly connected with belt pulley two (41) of connecting axle, belt pulley two (41) are connected with belt pulley (40) through belt transmission, belt pulley (40) fixed connection is on double-shaft motor (19) rear side output shaft, fixedly connected with grinding roller (2) are gone up in four (37) of connecting axle, fixedly connected with grinding plate (36) on the inner wall of box (1) left side, grinding roller (2) right side overlap joint has brush (3) one end, brush (3) other end fixed connection is on backup pad (4) left surface.
2. The tablet milling apparatus for medical care department as claimed in claim 1, wherein: backup pad (4) right flank fixedly connected with guide plate (5), another guide plate (5) of fixedly connected with on box (1) right side inner wall, two guide plate (5) are the inclined plane setting of downward sloping, and two guide plate (5) slope opposite direction sets up.
3. The tablet milling apparatus for medical care department as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the box body (1) is characterized in that a first sliding groove (6) is formed in the inner wall of the lower side of the box body (1), a collecting box (7) is connected in the first sliding groove (6) in a sliding mode, and the front surface of the collecting box (7) penetrates through the front surface of the box body (1) and is fixedly connected with a handle.
4. The tablet milling apparatus for medical care department as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the front surface of the box body (1) is fixedly connected with a controller (38) and a glass window, and the output end of the controller (38) is electrically connected with the input end of the double-shaft motor (19).
5. The tablet milling apparatus for medical care department as claimed in claim 1, wherein: crushing case (15) upper surface fixedly connected with inlet pipe (16) one end, the inlet pipe (16) other end passes box (1) upper surface and extends to its outside.
6. The tablet milling apparatus for medical care department as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a plurality of through-holes have all been seted up to broken case (15) bottom surface and right flank, it is solid 316 stainless steel material setting to smash briquetting (17), roll (12) and grind roller (2).
7. The tablet milling apparatus for medical care department as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the second sliding groove (18) is a T-shaped sliding groove, the upper end of the connecting plate (26) is T-shaped, and the first sieve plate (10) is an inclined plane inclined to the left.
8. The tablet milling apparatus for medical care department as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the outer surface of the grinding roller (2) is provided with a raised grinding block, the right side of the second sieve plate (11) is provided with a plurality of sieve pores, and the diameter of the sieve pore of the first sieve plate (10) is smaller than that of the sieve pore of the second sieve plate (11).
9. The method of using a tablet milling apparatus for medical care applications as claimed in claim 1, comprising the steps of:
s1, when the device is used, a user firstly adds tablets into the crushing box (15) through the feeding pipe (16), then the user controls the double-shaft motor (19) to work through the controller (38), the double-shaft motor (19) drives the rolling roller (12) to roll on the second sieve plate (11) to roll and crush the tablet particles on the second sieve plate (11) when working, and the tamping block (17) moves left and right in the crushing box (15) to crush the tablets;
s2, scraping the tablet powder adhered to the rolling roller (12) by using a scraper (45) in the process that the rolling roller (12) rolls the tablet particles, and simultaneously dropping the rolled medicine powder on the first sieve plate (10) from the sieve holes of the second sieve plate (11);
s3, screening the medicine powder by the vibration of the first sieve plate (10) after the medicine powder falls on the first sieve plate (10), enabling the fine medicine powder to fall into the collection box (7) from the first sieve plate (10), enabling the large-particle medicine powder to fall into the grinding plate (36) and further grinding by the grinding roller (2), and pulling out the collection box (7) to pour out the medicine powder after grinding.
CN202110048965.8A 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 Medical care branch of academic or vocational study is with tablet milling equipment Active CN112871258B (en)

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CN113317495A (en) * 2021-06-03 2021-08-31 宁夏医科大学总医院 Instant cereal powder for improving male sperm motility and processing method
CN114602375A (en) * 2022-03-27 2022-06-10 徐甘灿 Dust suppressant production device
CN114617668B (en) * 2022-05-13 2022-08-30 昌乐县人民医院 A medicine feeds and eats device for endocrinology treatment
CN116183335B (en) * 2023-04-24 2023-08-15 德州市疾病预防控制中心 Inspection device for medical physical and chemical use
CN116966963B (en) * 2023-09-25 2023-11-24 吉林省中医药科学院(吉林省中医药科学院第一临床医院) Medicine reducing mechanism for paediatrics

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AT357011B (en) * 1978-10-11 1980-06-10 Weserhuette Ag Eisenwerk ROLLER CRUSHERS
CN104307616B (en) * 2014-08-26 2017-07-28 华南农业大学 A kind of special medicine cracking and sorting unit
CN106269154B (en) * 2016-08-17 2018-06-29 安徽和济堂中药饮片有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine production and processing Ultra-Micro Grinding Equipment
CN106944188B (en) * 2017-03-28 2019-11-15 李玉贞 A kind of Pharmacy's drug crushing preparation facilities
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CN111389486A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-10 曹佳 Tablet crushing device convenient for pediatric nursing

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