A kind of pavement material intensity tester
This utility model is related to test instrunment technical field, particularly to a kind of pavement material intensity tester.
Pavement material intensity tester can be used to measure the unconfined compressive strength of various binders stable soil test specimen.
As a kind of pavement material intensity tester disclosed on patent application text（Application number：201520628468.5）,
Including base, reduction box, column and crossbeam etc., lower lock block is provided with base, the lower end of crossbeam is provided with upper holder block, upper pressure
Pressure transducer is provided with block, the test block of ground surface material is placed on lower lock block, start this strength tester so that upper pressure
Block and lower lock block carry out load to test block simultaneously, and when test block ruptures, maximum load during record destruction, is this test block in time
Maximum bearing strength；Due to can produce fragment after test block ruptures, these fragments can directly fall on base, and these drop
Fragment on base must timely be cleared up, real to strength test in reduction box to have avoided less fragment to drop
Test and impact, but the fragment intensity of these crushing is higher and some are sharper, and be scattered in susceptor surface so that
People are very inconvenient in manual cleaning, or even phenomenon that handss be scratched occurs.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of can facilitating easily the fragment in susceptor surface to be purged
Pavement material intensity tester.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the present utility model technical scheme is that:A kind of ground surface material is strong
Degree tester, including base and the reduction box being arranged at below base, described base is provided with some columns, between described column
It is provided with crossbeam, described base is provided with the leading screw being controlled lifting by reduction box, described leading screw is provided with bearing disc, described bearing disc
Top is provided with briquetting, and described briquetting is fastened on crossbeam, and described briquetting is provided with pressure transducer, and described column all rotates
It is connected on base, the two ends of described crossbeam are equipped with the driving means controlling column to rotate, described column is near the one of base
End is equipped with floating rule, described floating rule and base contacts, and the both sides of described base are provided with the transporter for fragment transmission, described subtracts
Fast case is provided with, away from the side of transporter, the parcel tray deposited for fragment, and described parcel tray is located under transporter end
By adopting technique scheme, after the strength test experiment of test block terminates, base has fragment, start and drive dress
Put, column rotates on base, and drive floating rule to rotate in susceptor surface, in the rotation process of floating rule, by susceptor surface
On rubble blow on transporter, transporter works, and these rubbles is sent in parcel tray it is achieved that in susceptor surface
Rubble removing work, very simple and convenient, and there is preferable practicality.
This utility model is arranged further：Described driving means include being arranged on the motor away from base one end for the column
With the first drive shaft, described first drive shaft and column be connected away from one end of base, and described crossbeam is arranged on drive
Between galvanic electricity machine.
By adopting technique scheme, worked by motor, drive the first drive shaft to rotate, drive column to exist
Rotation on base, can smoothly carry out floating rule and the rubble in susceptor surface be scraped to transporter it is achieved that base
The removing of rubble on surface.
This utility model is arranged further：It is provided with cavity, described transporter includes being arranged on base two in described base
The conveyer belt of side and be arranged on the actuating unit controlling in cavity conveyer belt simultaneously to work.
By adopting technique scheme, actuating unit works, and drives conveyer belt to be transmitted, and can effectively easily will
Blow into the rubble on transmission belt surface be sent in parcel tray it is achieved that on base and conveyer belt rubble cleaning work.
This utility model is arranged further：Described actuating unit includes the double output shaft electric machines being arranged in cavity, described double
The two ends of output shaft electric machine are equipped with the second drive shaft, and described second drive shaft runs through cavity and the drive being arranged in conveyer belt
Driving wheel is connected, and described conveyer belt is provided with follower, the outer circle wall of described driving wheel and biography away from one end of driving wheel
Send between band is frictional connection.
By adopting technique scheme, double output shaft electric machine work, the second drive shaft rotates simultaneously, and makes driving wheel
Rotate, driving wheel can drive conveyer belt, start to transmit, the transmission of conveyer belt has driven the work of follower again, thus
So that the transmission work of conveyer belt is more steadily smooth.
This utility model is arranged further：Described follower includes difference frictional connection in conveyer belt away from driving wheel
The driven pulley of one end, is rotatably connected to connecting shaft in described cavity, the two ends of described connecting shaft all run through after cavity with driven pulley
It is connected, described connecting shaft is rotatably connected in cavity by connector.
By adopting technique scheme, conveyer belt proceeds by transmission work under the drive of driving wheel, and driven pulley leads to
Cross the support to the conveyer belt other end for the connecting shaft realization, and conveyer belt carries out driving turning of driven pulley when transmitting work
Dynamic, the driven pulley after rotation improves the transmission efficiency of conveyer belt again, more steadily smooth.
This utility model is arranged further：Described connector is rolling bearing, the inner ring of described connecting shaft and rolling bearing
It is connected.
By adopting technique scheme, rolling bearing can realize fixation in cavity for the connecting shaft, again can be less
Contact friction between connecting shaft and rolling bearing, so that the rotation of connecting shaft is more smoothly steady.
This utility model is arranged further：Described floating rule is provided with hairbrush layer, described hairbrush layer and bottom near the one side of base
Seating face contacts.
By adopting technique scheme, hairbrush layer the surface of base can be carried out more careful sweep work, with
Just the rubble residue relatively fine to some can also preferably be removed.
This utility model is arranged further：Described reduction box outer circumference is equipped with the baffle plate surrounding bearing disc.
By adopting technique scheme, the presence of baffle plate can avoid during carrying out strength test, and test block is pressed
Occur when broken that the situation that rubble spring spills and people is damaged occurs.
This utility model is arranged further：Described baffle plate is provided with filtering holes, and described filtering holes inner peripheral wall is provided with glass
Glass fibrous filter layer.
By adopting technique scheme, have Dust Dispersion when crushed out in this kind of test block of concrete, now
Under the filtration of glass fiber filters, these dust granules can be carried out filter seizure, thus decreasing the pollution of air.
This utility model is arranged further：Described motor external peripheral surface is provided with cushion pad.
By adopting technique scheme, in the presence of cushion pad, the transmission that motor work produces can be reduced
Shaking force to crossbeam, thus ensure that the support stationarity of crossbeam.
In sum, this utility model has the advantages that：
1st, can effectively the rubble on base be removed automatically；
2nd, achieve automatically delivering of rubble using simple device and mechanism；
3rd, rubble is avoided using simple structure and the situation generation that spring is splashed and hurt laboratory technician occurs when crushed；
4th, produced dust during rubble fragmentation effectively can be captured, reached the purpose of clean manufacturing.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment 1；
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of connector and double output shaft electric machine in embodiment 1；
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of A in Fig. 2；
Fig. 4 is that in embodiment 1, the positional structure between connector and connecting shaft, double output shaft electric machine and the second drive shaft is shown
It is intended to；
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of hairbrush layer in embodiment 2；
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged drawing of B in Fig. 5；
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of baffle plate, filtering holes and glass fiber filters in embodiment 3；
Fig. 8 is the partial enlarged drawing of C in Fig. 7.
In figure：1st, base；11st, leading screw；12nd, bearing disc；13rd, cavity；2nd, reduction box；3rd, column；31st, floating rule；311st, hair
Brush layer；4th, crossbeam；41st, briquetting；411st, pressure transducer；5th, driving means；51st, motor；52nd, the first drive shaft；6、
Transporter；61st, conveyer belt；62nd, actuating unit；621st, double output shaft electric machines；622nd, the second drive shaft；623rd, driving wheel；63、
Follower；631st, driven pulley；632nd, connecting shaft；633rd, connector；7th, parcel tray；8th, baffle plate；81st, filtering holes；82nd, glass fibers
Dimensional filter layer；9th, cushion pad.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, this utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1：A kind of pavement material intensity tester, as shown in figure 1, include base 1, the reduction box of base 1 lower section
2, base 1 is provided with a leading screw 11, and leading screw 11 has run through after base 1 the lifting work on base 1 by reduction box 2 control realization
Make, be provided with a bearing disc 12 for placing test block in leading screw 11 away from one end of reduction box 2；Base 1 is additionally provided with two
Root post 3, is provided with crossbeam 4 between column 3, the top that crossbeam 4 is located at bearing disc 12 is provided with briquetting 41, and briquetting 41 has a pressure
Force transducer 411.
The test block taking ground surface material is placed on bearing disc 12, and reduction box 2 controls leading screw 11 to rise, and drives bearing disc 12
It is gradually increasing so that test block is conflicted with briquetting 41, until test block during fragmentation, stops under the extruding force of bearing disc 12 and briquetting 41
The rising of leading screw 11, and record the reading of lower pressure sensor 411 in time, this reading is the maximum bearing strength of this test block.
During this strength test, in order to will fall off fragmentation test block to base 1 surface easily and fast
Rubble carries out making to remove, and now is disposed as being rotatably connected on base 1 by column 3, and is respectively provided with the two ends of crossbeam 4
The driving means 5 that column 3 rotates can be driven, as shown in figure 1, be as separately positioned on the motor 51 at crossbeam 4 two ends
With the first drive shaft 52 so that the first drive shaft 52 is connected with one end of column 3, you can to realize motor 51
Work and drive column 3 to rotate on base 1.
Meanwhile, all it is provided with floating rule 31 in column 3 near one end of base 1, as shown in figure 1, floating rule 31 and base 1
Surface contacts, and two side edge in base 1 are provided with transporter 6, reduction box 2 not with the side of transfer device coplanar on
It is provided with storage tank 7, this storage tank 7 is located at the lower section of transporter 6 end, column 3 rotates and drives floating rule 31 to rotate and the bottom of by
To transporter 6 or direct scraping delivery is to parcel tray 7 for rubble scraping delivery on seat 1 surface, and transporter 6 works, you can to incite somebody to action
These rubbles on transporter 6 are automatically transmitted in parcel tray 7 it is achieved that the automatic removing of base 1 surface rubble.
As shown in Fig. 1 and 2 and 3, transporter 6 includes being arranged on the conveyer belt 61 of base 1 both sides, and conveyer belt 61 passes through dynamic
Force mechanisms 62 realize transmission work, are provided with cavity 13, actuating unit 62 is arranged in cavity 13 in base 1；Institute as Figures 1 and 4
Show, actuating unit 62 includes the double output shaft electric machines 621 being arranged in cavity 13 again, and the two ends of double output shaft electric machines 621 are all provided with
Be equipped with the second drive shaft 622, the second drive shaft 622 have passed through cavity 13 after all with the drive being arranged on one end in conveyer belt 61
Driving wheel 623 is connected, and now in conveyer belt 61, the other end also has a follower 63, and follower 63 is to be respectively provided with
Driven pulley 631 in conveyer belt 61, is provided with connecting shaft 632 between driven pulley 631, connecting shaft 632 is rotated by connector 633
Be connected in cavity 13, connector 633 is specifically as follows a rolling bearing, the inner surface of conveyer belt 61 and driving wheel 623 and
Driven pulley 631 is frictional connection, and driving wheel 623 and driven pulley 631 apply a support to the two ends of conveyer belt 61 simultaneously
Specific embodiment：Motor 51 works, and column 3 rotates, and drives the mistake that floating rule 31 rotates on base 1 surface
Cheng Zhong, by the rubble scraping delivery on base 1 surface to conveyer belt 61 or direct scraping delivery is to parcel tray 7, now double output shaft electric machines
621 work, the second drive shaft 622 rotates simultaneously, and drives driving wheel 623 to rotate, because conveyer belt 61 is provided in driving
Take turns on 623 outer circle walls, now conveyer belt 61 can be subjected to displacement under the rotation of driving wheel 623, that is, realize transmission, pass
Send the transfer operation with 61 that driven pulley 631 can be driven to rotate, driven pulley 631 can reduce the biography to conveyer belt 61 after rotating again
Send resistance so that the transmission of conveyer belt 61 is more steadily smooth, now, by the rubble in scraping delivery to conveyer belt 61, by passing
Send the translatory movement with 61 to be gradually sent at the side end of conveyer belt 61, afterwards due to automatically falling in parcel tray 7, obtain
To depositing, now achieve the removing work of rubble on base 1.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned driving means 5 can also adopt hand-rail type, adds one on the top of column 3
Handle, controls the rotation of column 3 it is also possible to drive the rotation of floating rule 31 by the shake of manpower, thus realizing to broken on base 1
The removing work of stone.
Actuating device can also adopt rack-and-pinion structure so that actuating unit 62 drive pinion rotation, gear turn
The dynamic linear motion that can drive tooth bar is it is also possible to realize the transmission work to the rubble on tooth bar.
The structure of aerator and rotating vane can equally be taken by actuating unit 62 so that rotating vane and second drives and turns
Axle 622 is connected, and so that the side that the blast orifice of aerator is directed at blade is blown afterwards, thus driving rotating and realizing the of blade
The rotation of two drive shafts 622 is it is also possible to achieve the transmission work of conveyer belt 61.
Embodiment 2：A kind of pavement material intensity tester, is with the difference of embodiment 1, as shown in figure 5, floating rule
31 when carrying out scraping delivery to the rubble on base 1 surface, and base 1 can have been worn and torn, now in floating rule 31 near the one of base 1
Hairbrush layer 311 is provided with face, as it can be seen in figures 5 and 6, hairbrush layer 311 contact with base 1 surface is flexible conflict, will not be right
Cause each other to wear and tear, and hairbrush layer 311 is by how several hairbrush forms, fine and closely woven and concentrate, can be tiny to foot on base 1 surface
Rubble residue also can carry out scraping delivery work well.
Embodiment 3：A kind of pavement material intensity tester, is with the difference of embodiment 2, as shown in fig. 7, subtracting
The outer circumference of fast case 2 is equipped with the baffle plate 8 that can surround bearing disc 12, right to avoid having fragment to jump out when test block is crushed
Laboratory technician damages, and is additionally provided with multiple filtering holes 81 on baffle plate 8, and filtering holes 81 inner peripheral wall is provided with glass fibre
Filter layer 82, such produced powder when test block can be crushed, captured absorption by glass fiber filters 82 so that empty
It is so incensed that filtration, thus having reached the effect of clean manufacturing.
In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 8, being also provided with cushion pad 9 on the external peripheral surface of motor 51, thus
The shaking force being delivered on crossbeam 4 during motor 51 work can be significantly reduced so that enough flat of the structure of crossbeam 4
Surely so that the experiment work of this pavement material intensity tester can smoothly be carried out.
This specific embodiment is only that it is not to restriction of the present utility model, ability to explanation of the present utility model
Field technique personnel can make to the present embodiment after reading this specification as needed does not have the modification of creative contribution, but
As long as all being protected by Patent Law in right of the present utility model.