CN112658684A - Sawing and milling processing system and method - Google Patents

Sawing and milling processing system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112658684A
CN112658684A CN202011474525.0A CN202011474525A CN112658684A CN 112658684 A CN112658684 A CN 112658684A CN 202011474525 A CN202011474525 A CN 202011474525A CN 112658684 A CN112658684 A CN 112658684A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
discharging
feeding
milling
sawing
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CN202011474525.0A
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CN112658684B (en
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朱庆亮
骆伟
李元
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Shandong Xinmaide Cnc Equipment Co ltd
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Shandong Xinmaide Cnc Equipment Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The invention provides a sawing and milling system and a method, which adopt the following scheme: be provided with on one side of section bar feeding conveyor's discharge end and press from both sides tight guiding mechanism and can with section bar propelling movement to the push mechanism of milling device, the milling device includes integral type head bracket, support guide rail, saw cuts the subassembly and end mills the subassembly, saw cut the subassembly and end mills the subassembly and install on integral type head bracket, drive by the integral type support and carry out X simultaneously to removing, end mills the subassembly still can carry out Y to and Z to removing, one side that the subassembly was milled to the end is provided with the blade disc track, install the rotation blade disc on the blade disc track, the rotation blade disc can be followed the blade disc track and be X to the motion, it can move to end milling assembly position department and carry out the tool changing to rotate the blade disc. Simultaneously, two sectional materials are processed, so that the tool can be automatically changed, the efficiency is high, and the integration level is high.

Description

Sawing and milling processing system and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of sawing and milling devices, in particular to a sawing and milling processing system.
Background
Traditional aluminum alloy ex-trusions saw mills processing and generally accomplishes through sawing machine and milling machine, and the processing mode does, saw out two ninety degrees terminal surfaces with aluminum alloy ex-trusions on the sawing machine earlier, then shifts to and carries out face milling on the milling machine, need cut and mill two independent processes, and processing process automation degree is lower, need rely on the workman constantly to carry out the material loading midway, unload and midway transport, and efficiency is lower.
In the prior art, in order to solve the problem that the traditional aluminum alloy section bar sawing and milling processing mode is low in efficiency, the invention patent with the application number of 201911410970.8 provides automatic severe cutting and end milling equipment, and the two procedures of milling and cutting are integrated into one equipment to be completed. This is the current state of the art.
Therefore, in view of the current situation of the prior art and the conventional method, it is an urgent need to develop an efficient sawing and milling system.
Disclosure of Invention
On one hand, the invention provides a sawing and milling system in order to overcome the defects that in the prior art, the efficiency of cutting and milling is low, the tool changing is troublesome, the split type arrangement mode of end milling and sawing is easy to generate interference, and the control program is complex.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a sawing and milling system comprises a rack, a section feeding and conveying device, a milling device and a section discharging and conveying device which are sequentially arranged, wherein a clamping guide mechanism and a pushing mechanism capable of pushing a section to the milling device are arranged on one side of the discharging end of the section feeding and conveying device, the clamping guide mechanisms are arranged in a plurality of rows, and at least two guide grooves are formed in each clamping guide mechanism; the milling device comprises an integrated machine head support, a support guide rail, a saw cutting assembly and an end milling assembly, wherein the integrated machine head support is mounted on the support guide rail and can move along the X direction; a cutter head rail is arranged on one side of the end milling assembly, a rotating cutter head is mounted on the cutter head rail, the rotating cutter head can move in the X direction along the cutter head rail, and the rotating cutter head can move to the position of the end milling assembly for cutter changing; the feeding end of the milling device is provided with a feeding positioning mechanism, the discharging end of the milling device is provided with a discharging positioning mechanism and a clamping moving mechanism, and the clamping moving mechanism can move in the Y direction and can drive the section bar to move to the section bar discharging conveying device. Through end milling subassembly with saw cut the subassembly and install on integral type head support, integral type head support can drive the end and mill the subassembly and saw cut the subassembly and remove simultaneously, do benefit to the section bar end and mill and saw cut, high efficiency, the integrated level is high, avoided the end to mill simultaneously, saw cut split type mode and produce easily and interfere, the phenomenon that control procedure is complicated, in addition, through setting up the rotation blade disc, it moves the tool changing position to rotate the blade disc during the tool changing, carry out the tool changing automatically, multiple blade satisfies multiple end milling structure, tool changing efficiency is improved. The end milling and cutting processing of the two sectional materials is realized, and the processing efficiency is improved.
On the other hand, in order to solve the problem that the clamping and guiding mechanism before entering the tip center in the prior art is complex in structure and further comprises a track plate, a roller frame, a supporting roller, a left clamping roller, a right clamping roller and a middle reference plate, wherein the track plate is fixed on a rack, the roller frame is installed on the track plate, the roller frame is connected with a jacking cylinder, a piston rod of the jacking cylinder is connected with the roller frame and can drive the roller frame to lift, the supporting roller is horizontally installed on the roller frame, the upper part of the supporting roller in the clamping and guiding mechanisms forms a horizontal reference surface, the middle reference plate is fixed on the upper part of the roller frame and vertically arranged, two side surfaces of the middle reference plate are two vertical reference surfaces, the horizontal reference surface is vertical to the vertical reference surface, the left clamping roller and the right clamping roller are vertically arranged, and the left clamping roller is positioned on the left side of the middle reference plate, the left clamping roller is connected with a left clamping cylinder, the right clamping roller is located on the right side of the middle reference plate, and the right clamping roller is connected with a right clamping cylinder. The profile is placed on the supporting roll, a horizontal positioning reference is formed by the supporting roll, the profile is favorable for being pushed to move, two positioning reference surfaces are formed on the middle reference plate, the two profiles are clamped by the clamping cylinders on two sides, accurate positioning of the two profiles is realized, and the two profiles accurately enter the sawing and milling center for processing. The section bar feeding and conveying device comprises a plurality of belt conveying mechanisms arranged side by side, the two guide grooves enable two section bars to reach the two guide grooves in the belt conveying stroke of the belt conveying mechanisms, the middle reference plate and the left clamping roller form a left guide groove, and the middle reference plate and the right clamping roller form a right guide groove. Compared with the prior art, the structure is simplified.
Furthermore, a vertical rail is arranged on the rail plate, and the roller frame is slidably mounted on the vertical rail through a slider structure and can be guided to stably move vertically; the roller frame is provided with a middle fixing plate, cylinder bodies of the left clamping cylinder and the right clamping cylinder are fixed on the middle fixing plate, and the roller frame is provided with a horizontal rail; the bottom of the left clamping roller is connected with a left sliding block plate, the left sliding block plate is slidably mounted on a horizontal rail, and a piston rod of the left clamping cylinder is connected with the left sliding block plate to drive the left clamping roller to stably move along the horizontal rail; the bottom of the right clamping roller is connected with a right side sliding block plate, the right side sliding block plate is slidably arranged on the horizontal rail, and a piston rod of the right clamping cylinder is connected with the right side sliding block plate to drive the right clamping roller to stably move along the horizontal rail; the middle reference plate is positioned at the middle position behind the supporting roller. The guide when moving is realized through the track slider structure, and the stability of the moving direction is ensured.
Further, push mechanism includes crossbeam track, triaxial arm, two push rod subassemblies, install on the crossbeam track triaxial arm slidable, two push rod subassemblies are installed in the lower part of triaxial arm and at same high parallel arrangement, and two push rod subassemblies can carry out X in step under the drive of triaxial arm to, Y to and Z to the motion. The cavity position of the section bar can be found accurately through adjustment in three directions, and the two section bars are pushed to feed forwards simultaneously.
Further, push rod assembly includes the push rod body of rod, stationary dog, jack catch, linkage and connecting rod power pack, the front portion at the push rod body of rod is installed to stationary dog and jack catch, the jack catch is connected with the linkage, the linkage is connected with connecting rod power pack, connecting rod power pack can drive the linkage and then drive the jack catch and realize the clamping action, the stationary dog can stretch into the cavity of section bar, the jack catch can follow the section bar outside and the stationary dog cooperation is pressed from both sides the section bar tightly.
Further, the feeding positioning structure comprises a feeding fixed bottom plate, a feeding platen, a feeding panel, side compression cylinders, a feeding push plate, a jacking cylinder and a feeding upper pressure plate, the feeding fixed bottom plate is arranged on the frame, the feeding platen and the side compression cylinders are arranged on the feeding fixed bottom plate, the feeding panel is fixed on the feeding platen, the feeding panel is perpendicular to the feeding platen, the feeding panel is provided with two vertical reference surfaces coplanar with the middle reference plate, the upper end surface of the feeding platen is a horizontal reference surface, two sides of the feeding panel are respectively provided with one side compression cylinder, the feeding push plate is connected to a piston rod of the side compression cylinder, a pushing surface on the feeding push plate is parallel to the vertical reference surface on the feeding panel, and the side compression cylinders can drive the feeding push plate to tightly compress the section bar on the feeding panel from one side, the jacking cylinder is connected with the feeding upper pressing plate and can drive the feeding upper pressing plate to lift, the jacking cylinder is installed on the frame and located at the lower part of the feeding upper pressing plate, a guide groove is formed in the feeding upper pressing plate, the rear part of the feeding panel is located in the guide groove and matched with the guide groove, guide shafts are connected to two sides of the feeding upper pressing plate, the guide shafts slidably penetrate through the feeding fixing bottom plate, and the lower pressing surface of the feeding upper pressing plate is parallel to the horizontal reference surface. The guide groove is arranged on the feeding upper pressure plate, the feeding platen is matched with the guide groove, and the guide shaft is correspondingly arranged, so that the guide function is realized, and the jacking cylinder drives the feeding upper pressure plate to stably move up and down; the side compression and the upper compression of the two sectional materials are realized through the matching between the structures, the purpose of stable and accurate positioning is achieved, and the interference between movable parts is avoided.
Furthermore, the discharging positioning mechanism comprises a discharging sliding bottom plate, a discharging table plate, a discharging panel, side compression cylinders, a discharging push plate, a jacking cylinder and a discharging upper pressure plate, the discharging sliding bottom plate is slidably mounted on the rack through a guide rail slider structure, the discharging table plate and the side compression cylinders are mounted on the discharging sliding bottom plate, the discharging panel is fixed on the discharging table plate, the discharging panel is perpendicular to the discharging table plate, the discharging panel is provided with two vertical reference surfaces coplanar with the middle reference plate, the upper end surface of the discharging table plate is a horizontal reference surface, two sides of the discharging panel are respectively provided with one side compression cylinder, the discharging push plate is connected to a piston rod of the side compression cylinder, a pushing surface on the discharging push plate is parallel to the vertical reference surface on the discharging panel, and the side compression cylinders can drive the discharging push plate to tightly press the section bar on the discharging panel from one side, the jacking cylinder is connected with the discharging upper press plate and can drive the discharging upper press plate to lift, the jacking cylinder is installed on the frame and located at the lower part of the discharging upper press plate, a guide groove is formed in the discharging upper press plate, the front part of the discharging panel is located in the guide groove and matched with the guide groove, guide shafts are connected to two sides of the discharging upper press plate, the guide shafts slidably penetrate through the discharging sliding bottom plate, and the lower pressing surface of the discharging upper press plate is parallel to the horizontal reference surface.
Furthermore, the clamping and moving mechanism comprises a discharge cross beam, a discharge sliding plate, a discharge sliding panel, a discharge left clamping plate and a discharge right clamping plate, wherein a guide rail and a rack are arranged on the discharge cross beam, the discharge sliding plate is connected with the guide rail on the discharge cross beam through a slider to guide the Y-direction movement of the discharge sliding plate, a driving motor is installed on the discharge sliding plate, a gear is connected on the driving motor and meshed with the rack to realize that the driving motor drives the discharge sliding plate to move, the discharge sliding panel is fixedly connected to the lower part of the discharge sliding plate, the bottom of the discharge sliding plate is provided with a guide rail, the discharge left clamping plate and the discharge right clamping plate are installed on the guide rail of the discharge sliding plate through sliders and are respectively positioned at two sides of the discharge sliding panel, and the discharge left clamping plate and the discharge right clamping plate are respectively connected with a cylinder, and the piston rod of the cylinder is connected to the discharging sliding panel and can drive the discharging left clamping plate and the discharging right clamping plate to move through the cylinder body. Can clamp two section bars and transfer the section bars to a section bar discharging and conveying device.
Furthermore, the sawing component comprises a sawing blade and a sawing motor, the sawing motor is mounted on the integrated machine head support, the sawing blade can be driven by the sawing motor to rotate, and the integrated machine head support can drive the sawing blade to move when moving so as to cut off the section; the end milling assembly comprises an end milling blade, a blade spindle and an end milling motor, the blade spindle is mounted on the end milling motor, the end milling blade is detachably connected to the blade spindle, the end milling motor can drive the end milling blade to rotate, a plurality of tool holders are arranged on the rotary cutter head, and the rotary cutter head can be driven by the motor to rotate; the integrated machine head support is installed on a support guide rail and moves along the X direction through a motor and a gear rack transmission structure, a guide rail is installed on the integrated machine head support, an end milling sliding seat is installed on the guide rail of the integrated machine head support through a sliding block and moves along the Y direction through the motor and the gear rack transmission structure, and the end milling assembly guides on a lifting frame through a guide rail sliding block structure and moves along the Z direction through the motor and a ball screw structure.
In addition, the invention also provides a sawing and milling method, which comprises the following steps:
a1: conveying the profiles to the position of the clamping guide mechanism through a belt conveying mechanism to enable the two profiles to be positioned on two sides of the middle datum plate;
a2: the supporting rollers ascend simultaneously, so that the two sectional materials are supported on the supporting rollers, the left clamping roller and the right clamping roller respectively push the two sectional materials to be close to the middle reference plate, so that the two sectional materials are clamped at the middle reference plate, the upper parts of the supporting rollers after ascending are horizontal reference surfaces, two side surfaces of the middle reference plate are vertical reference surfaces, and the positioning of the two sectional materials is realized through the support of the supporting rollers and the abutting of the middle reference plate;
a3: positioning the two push rod bodies by using a three-axis mechanical arm, so that the fixed claws of the two push rod bodies respectively extend into the cavities of the two profiles, clamping the profiles by using the motion of the claws and the fixed claws, and driving the two push rod bodies to move by the Y-direction movement of the three-axis mechanical arm so as to push the two profiles to move towards the sawing and milling center;
a4: at the feeding end of the sawing and milling center, the upper end surface of the feeding platen and the horizontal reference surface on the supporting roller are on the same horizontal plane and are the same horizontal reference surface, two side surfaces of the feeding panel corresponding to two side surfaces of the middle reference plate are vertical reference surfaces, two feeding push plates clamp two sectional materials on the feeding panel, and the feeding upper pressure plate presses the two sectional materials on the feeding platen and positions the two sectional materials at the position of the feeding end;
a5: end milling is carried out on the end parts of the two profiles by using an end milling blade, the end milling blade moves to avoid after the end milling is finished, the feeding push plate and the feeding upper pressing plate return to loosen the two profiles, and the push rod body pushes the two profiles to continue to advance;
a6: after the two sections move forward for a certain distance, at the feeding end of the sawing and milling center, the two feeding push plates clamp the two sections on the feeding panel, the feeding upper pressing plate presses the two sections on the feeding platen, and the two sections are positioned at the feeding end; at the discharge end of the sawing and milling center, two discharge push plates clamp two profiles on a discharge panel, and a discharge upper press plate presses the two profiles on a discharge platen and positions the two profiles at the discharge end;
a7: the integrated machine head support moves, and the saw cutting blade cuts off the two sectional materials; the discharging sliding plate moves to drive the cut section to move, and an end milling space is reserved in the sawing and milling center;
a8: the end milling cutter blade moves, and simultaneously end milling is carried out on the rear end surfaces of the front two profiles and the front end surfaces of the rear two profiles, after the end milling is finished, the discharging push plate and the discharging upper pressure plate return to loosen the front two profiles, the discharging left clamping plate and the discharging right clamping plate clamp the two profiles, the two profiles move along the discharging cross beam under the driving of the discharging sliding panel, after the two profiles move to the profile discharging conveying device, the discharging left clamping plate and the discharging right clamping plate loosen the two profiles, the end-milled profiles are placed on the profile discharging conveying device, and then the rear profiles are processed in the same process;
taking a cutter No. 1 and a cutter No. 2 as an example, when the opposite-end milling cutter blade is subjected to cutter changing, the rotary cutter disk moves along the cutter disk track under the pushing of the air cylinder, after the cutter head is in place, the cutter holder on the rotary cutter disk is additionally held on the end milling cutter No. 1, the cutter blade spindle loosens the end milling cutter blade No. 1 and moves upwards, the rotary cutter disk rotates to take away the end milling cutter blade No. 1, after the rotary cutter disk rotates to the end milling cutter blade No. 2, the cutter blade spindle moves downwards to clamp the end milling cutter blade No. 2, and then the rotary cutter disk returns along the.
According to the technical scheme, the invention has the following advantages:
the scheme provides a sawing and milling system and a sawing and milling method, wherein a horizontal positioning reference is formed by the support roll by placing the sectional materials on the support roll, the sectional materials are favorably pushed to move, two positioning reference surfaces are formed on the middle reference plate, and the two sectional materials are clamped by the clamping cylinders on two sides, so that the two sectional materials are accurately positioned and accurately enter a sawing and milling center for processing. The guide groove is arranged on the feeding upper pressure plate, the feeding platen is matched with the guide groove, and the guide shaft is correspondingly arranged, so that the guide function is realized, and the jacking cylinder drives the feeding upper pressure plate to stably move up and down; the side compression and the upper compression of the two sectional materials are realized through the matching between the structures, the purpose of stable and accurate positioning is achieved, and the interference between movable parts is avoided. The clamping moving mechanism can clamp two sectional materials and transfer the sectional materials to the sectional material discharging and conveying device. Through end milling subassembly with saw cut the subassembly and install on integral type head support, integral type head support can drive the end and mill the subassembly and saw cut the subassembly and remove simultaneously, do benefit to the section bar end and mill and saw cut, high efficiency, the integrated level is high, avoided the end to mill simultaneously, saw cut split type mode and produce easily and interfere, the phenomenon that control procedure is complicated, in addition, through setting up the rotation blade disc, it moves the tool changing position to rotate the blade disc during the tool changing, carry out the tool changing automatically, multiple blade satisfies multiple end milling structure, tool changing efficiency is improved. The end milling and cutting processing, particularly the simultaneous milling and processing of four end faces, of the two sectional materials is realized, and the processing efficiency is improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, the drawings used in the description will be briefly introduced, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained based on these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram showing a pushing mechanism portion according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing a part of a clamp guide mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing a structure at a sawing and milling center according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram showing portions of the outfeed positioning mechanism and the grip translation mechanism in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram showing a part of the grip moving mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a section feeding and conveying device, 2, a rack, 3, a rotary cutter head, 4, a section discharging and conveying device, 5, a three-axis mechanical arm, 6, a push rod assembly, 7, a beam rail, 8, a clamping and guiding mechanism, 9, an end milling blade, 10, a lifting frame, 11, an end milling sliding seat, 12, an integrated machine head support, 13, a support guide rail, 14, a sawing blade, 15, a discharging sliding plate, 16, a discharging beam, 17, a push rod body, 18, a clamping jaw, 19, a fixed jaw, 21, a middle reference plate, 22, a left clamping roller, 23, a right clamping roller, 24, a supporting roller, 25, a middle fixed plate, 26, a horizontal rail, 27, a roller frame, 28, a vertical rail, 29, a rail plate, 30, a feeding fixed bottom plate, 31, a feeding platen, 32, a feeding panel, 33, a feeding upper pressing plate, 34, a feeding upper pressing plate, 35, a discharging upper, 37. the device comprises a discharging table plate 38, a discharging sliding bottom plate 39, a discharging left clamping plate 40, a discharging sliding panel 41 and a discharging right clamping plate.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, features and advantages of the present invention more obvious and understandable, the technical solutions of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the present embodiment, and it is apparent that the embodiments described below are only a part of embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the scope of protection of this patent.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the present embodiment provides a sawing and milling system, which includes a frame 2, and a section feeding and conveying device 1, a milling device, and a section discharging and conveying device 4 that are sequentially disposed, wherein a clamping and guiding mechanism 8 and a pushing mechanism capable of pushing a section to the milling device are disposed on one side of a discharging end of the section feeding and conveying device 1, the clamping and guiding mechanism 8 is disposed in a plurality of rows, and at least two guiding grooves are disposed on the clamping and guiding mechanism 8, wherein the section feeding and conveying device 1 includes a plurality of belt conveying mechanisms disposed side by side, and the two guiding grooves enable two sections to reach the two guiding grooves within a belt conveying stroke of the belt conveying mechanisms; the milling device comprises an integrated machine head support 12, a support guide rail 13, a sawing component and an end milling component, wherein the integrated machine head support 12 is mounted on the support guide rail 13 and can move along the X direction, an end milling slide seat 11 is movably mounted on the integrated machine head support 12, the end milling slide seat 11 can move along the Y direction on the integrated machine head support 12, a lifting frame 10 is arranged on the end milling slide seat 11, the lifting frame 10 can move along the Z direction on the end milling slide seat 11, and the end milling component is mounted on the lifting frame 10; a cutter head rail is arranged on one side of the end milling assembly, a rotating cutter head 3 is mounted on the cutter head rail, the rotating cutter head 3 can move in the X direction along the cutter head rail, and the rotating cutter head 3 can move to the position of the end milling assembly for cutter changing; the feeding end of the milling device is provided with a feeding positioning mechanism, the discharging end of the milling device is provided with a discharging positioning mechanism and a clamping moving mechanism, the clamping moving mechanism can move in the Y direction and can drive the section bar to move to the section bar discharging conveying device 4, in the scheme, the sawing component comprises a sawing blade 14 and a sawing motor, the sawing motor is installed on the integrated machine head support 12, the sawing blade 14 can be driven by the sawing motor to rotate, and the integrated machine head support 12 can drive the sawing blade 14 to move to cut off the section bar when moving; the end milling assembly comprises an end milling blade 9, a blade spindle and an end milling motor, the blade spindle is mounted on the end milling motor, the end milling blade 9 is detachably connected to the blade spindle, the end milling motor can drive the end milling blade 9 to rotate, a plurality of tool holders are arranged on the rotary cutter head 3, and the rotary cutter head 3 can be driven by the motor to rotate; the integrated machine head support 12 is installed on a support guide rail 13 and moves along the X direction through a motor and a gear rack transmission structure, a guide rail is installed on the integrated machine head support 12, an end milling slide seat 11 is installed on the guide rail of the integrated machine head support 12 through a slide block and moves along the Y direction through the motor and the gear rack transmission structure, and an end milling assembly conducts guiding on the lifting frame 10 through a guide rail slide block structure and moves along the Z direction through the motor and a ball screw structure. . Through end milling subassembly with saw cut the subassembly and install on integral type head bracket 12, integral type head bracket 12 can drive the end and mill the subassembly and saw cut the subassembly and remove simultaneously, do benefit to the section bar end and mill and saw cut, high efficiency, the integrated level is high, avoided simultaneously end milling, saw cut split type mode and produce easily and interfere, the phenomenon that control procedure is complicated, in addition, through setting up rotation blade disc 3, it moves to the tool changing position to rotate blade disc 3 during the tool changing, carry out the tool changing automatically, multiple blade satisfies multiple end milling structure, the tool changing efficiency is improved. The end milling and cutting processing of the two sectional materials is realized, and the processing efficiency is improved.
Wherein, the clamping guide mechanism 8 comprises a track plate 29, a roller frame 27, a support roller 24, a left clamping roller 22, a right clamping roller 23 and a middle reference plate 21, the middle reference plate 21 and the left clamping roller 22 form a left guide groove, the middle reference plate 21 and the right clamping roller 23 form a right guide groove, the track plate 29 is fixed on the frame 2, the roller frame 27 is installed on the track plate 29, the roller frame 27 is connected with a jacking cylinder, a piston rod of the jacking cylinder is connected with the roller frame 27 to drive the roller frame 27 to lift, the support roller 24 is horizontally installed on the roller frame 27, the upper parts of the support rollers 24 in the plurality of clamping guide mechanisms 8 form a horizontal reference surface, the middle reference plate 21 is fixed on the upper part of the roller frame 27 and vertically arranged, two side surfaces of the middle reference plate 21 are two vertical reference surfaces, the horizontal reference surface is vertical to the vertical reference surface, the left clamping roller 22 and the right clamping roller 23 are vertically, the left clamping roller 22 is located on the left side of the middle datum plate 21, the left clamping roller 22 is connected with a left clamping cylinder, the right clamping roller 23 is located on the right side of the middle datum plate 21, the right clamping roller 23 is connected with a right clamping cylinder, a horizontal positioning datum is formed by the supporting roller 24 by placing the sectional materials on the supporting roller 24, the sectional materials are favorably pushed to move, two positioning datum planes are formed on the middle datum plate 21, the two sectional materials are clamped by the clamping cylinders on the two sides, accurate positioning of the two sectional materials is achieved, and the two sectional materials can accurately enter a sawing and milling center to be processed. Specifically, a vertical rail 28 is arranged on the rail plate 29, and the roller frame 27 is slidably mounted on the vertical rail 28 through a slider structure and can guide the roller frame 27 to stably move vertically; the roller frame 27 is provided with a middle fixing plate 25, the cylinder bodies of the left clamping cylinder and the right clamping cylinder are fixed on the middle fixing plate 25, and the roller frame 27 is provided with a horizontal rail 26; the bottom of the left clamping roller 22 is connected with a left sliding block plate, the left sliding block plate is slidably mounted on the horizontal rail 26, and a piston rod of the left clamping cylinder is connected with the left sliding block plate to drive the left clamping roller 22 to stably move along the horizontal rail 26; the bottom of the right clamping roller 23 is connected with a right side sliding block plate, a right side sliding block plate is slidably arranged on the horizontal rail 26, and a piston rod of a right clamping cylinder is connected with the right side sliding block plate to drive the right clamping roller 23 to stably move along the horizontal rail 26; the middle reference plate 21 is located at the rear middle position of the supporting roller 24, and guiding during moving is achieved through a track slider structure, so that stability of the moving direction is guaranteed. Compared with the prior art, the structure is simplified, the cost is reduced, the operation is quicker, and the efficiency is improved.
The pushing mechanism comprises a beam rail 7, a three-axis mechanical arm 5 and two push rod assemblies 6, the three-axis mechanical arm 5 is slidably mounted on the beam rail 7, the two push rod assemblies 6 are mounted at the lower part of the three-axis mechanical arm 5 and are arranged in parallel at the same height, and the two push rod assemblies 6 can synchronously move in the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction under the driving of the three-axis mechanical arm 5; specifically, push rod assembly 6 includes the push rod body of rod 17, stationary dog 19, jack catch 18, linkage and connecting rod power pack, stationary dog 19 and jack catch 18 are installed in the front portion of the push rod body of rod 17, jack catch 18 is connected with the linkage, the linkage is connected with connecting rod power pack, connecting rod power pack can drive the linkage and then drive jack catch 18 and realize the clamping action, stationary dog 19 can stretch into the cavity of section bar, jack catch 18 can follow the section bar outside and press from both sides the section bar with the cooperation of stationary dog 19.
Along the transmission direction of the clamping guide mechanism 8, a feeding positioning structure is arranged at the position of a feeding end of a sawing and milling center, the feeding positioning structure comprises a feeding fixed bottom plate 30, a feeding bedplate 31, a feeding panel 32, side compression cylinders, a feeding push plate 33, a jacking cylinder and a feeding upper pressure plate 34, the feeding fixed bottom plate 30 is arranged on the frame 2, the feeding bedplate 31 and the side compression cylinders are arranged on the feeding fixed bottom plate 30, the feeding panel 32 is fixed on the feeding bedplate 31, the feeding panel 32 is vertical to the feeding bedplate 31, the feeding panel 32 is provided with two vertical reference surfaces coplanar with the middle reference plate 21, the upper end surface of the feeding bedplate 31 is a horizontal reference surface, two sides of the feeding panel 32 are respectively provided with one side compression cylinder, the feeding push plate 33 is connected on a piston rod of the side compression cylinder, a pushing surface on the feeding push plate 33 is parallel to the vertical reference surface on the feeding panel 32, the side pressing cylinder can drive the feeding push plate 33 to tightly press the section on the feeding panel 32 from one side, the jacking cylinder is connected with the feeding upper pressing plate 34 and can drive the feeding upper pressing plate 34 to lift, the jacking cylinder is installed on the frame 2 and is positioned at the lower part of the feeding upper pressing plate 34, a guide groove is arranged on the feeding upper pressing plate 34, the rear part of the feeding panel 32 is positioned in the guide groove and matched with the guide groove, two sides of the feeding upper pressing plate 34 are connected with guide shafts, the guide shafts slidably penetrate through the feeding fixed bottom plate 30, the lower pressing surface of the feeding upper pressing plate 34 is parallel to the horizontal reference surface, the guide groove is arranged on the feeding upper pressing plate 34 and matched with the feeding platen 31, and the guide shafts are correspondingly arranged, so that the guiding function is realized, and the jacking cylinder drives the feeding upper pressing plate 34 to stably move up; the side compression and the upper compression of the two sectional materials are realized through the matching between the structures, the purpose of stable and accurate positioning is achieved, and the interference between movable parts is avoided.
Correspondingly, a discharging positioning mechanism is arranged at the discharging end of the sawing and milling center, the discharging positioning mechanism comprises a discharging sliding bottom plate 38, a discharging table plate 37, a discharging panel 36, a side pressing cylinder, a discharging push plate, a jacking cylinder and a discharging upper pressing plate 35, the discharging sliding bottom plate 38 is slidably arranged on the frame 2 through a guide rail slider structure, the discharging table plate 37 and the side pressing cylinder are arranged on the discharging sliding bottom plate 38, the discharging panel 36 is fixed on the discharging table plate 37, the discharging panel 36 is perpendicular to the discharging table plate 37, the discharging panel 36 is provided with two vertical reference surfaces coplanar with the middle reference plate 21, the upper end surface of the discharging table plate 37 is a horizontal reference surface, two sides of the discharging panel 36 are respectively provided with the side pressing cylinder, the discharging push plate is connected to a piston rod of the side pressing cylinder, a pushing surface on the discharging push plate is parallel to the vertical reference surface on, the side pressure cylinder can drive the ejection of compact push pedal and compress tightly the section bar on ejection of compact panel 36 from one side, the jacking cylinder is connected with ejection of compact top board 35 and can drives ejection of compact top board 35 and go up and down, the jacking cylinder is installed in frame 2 and is located the lower part of ejection of compact top board 35, be provided with the guide way on the ejection of compact top board 35, the front portion of ejection of compact panel 36 is located in the guide way and cooperates with the guide way, the both sides of ejection of compact top board 35 are connected with the guiding axle, the guiding axle passes on ejection of compact sliding bottom plate 38 slidable, the lower pressure face of ejection of compact top board 35 is parallel with the horizontal.
A clamping and moving mechanism is installed behind the discharging positioning mechanism in a matching manner, the clamping and moving mechanism comprises a discharging cross beam 16, a discharging sliding plate 15, a discharging sliding panel 40, a discharging left clamping plate 39 and a discharging right clamping plate 41, a guide rail and a rack are arranged on the discharging cross beam 16, the discharging sliding plate 15 is connected with the guide rail on the discharging cross beam 16 through a slider to guide the Y-direction movement of the discharging sliding plate 15, a driving motor is installed on the discharging sliding plate 15, a gear is connected on the driving motor, the gear is meshed and connected with the rack to drive the driving motor to drive the discharging sliding plate 15 to move, the discharging sliding panel 40 is fixedly connected to the lower part of the discharging sliding plate 15, a guide rail is arranged at the bottom of the discharging sliding plate 15, the discharging left clamping plate 39 and the discharging right clamping plate 41 are installed on the guide rail of the discharging sliding plate 15 through sliders and are respectively positioned at two sides of the discharging sliding panel 40, and the piston rod of cylinder is connected and can drive ejection of compact left pinch plate 39 and ejection of compact right pinch plate 41 through the cylinder body on ejection of compact slip panel 40 and remove, realize pressing from both sides tight two section bars and transfer the section bar to section bar ejection of compact conveyor 4, section bar ejection of compact conveyor 4 adopts and carries with belt and roller mode, be provided with label printer on section bar ejection of compact conveyor 4, label printer can label the section bar that cuts well automatically, perhaps operating personnel utilizes label printer to label on the section bar with manual mode in some times.
Detailed description of the preferred embodiment 2
The present embodiment provides a sawing and milling method based on embodiment 1, including the following steps:
a1: the profiles are conveyed to the position of the clamping guide mechanism 8 through a belt conveying mechanism, so that the two profiles are positioned on two sides of the middle reference plate 21;
a2: the supporting rollers 24 ascend simultaneously, so that two profiles are supported on the supporting rollers 24, the left clamping roller 22 and the right clamping roller 23 respectively push the two profiles to approach the middle reference plate 21, so that the two profiles are clamped on the middle reference plate 21, the upper parts of the supporting rollers 24 are horizontal reference surfaces after ascending, two side surfaces of the middle reference plate 21 are vertical reference surfaces, and the positioning of the two profiles is realized through the support of the supporting rollers 24 and the abutting of the middle reference plate 21;
a3: positioning the two push rod bodies 17 by using the three-axis mechanical arm 5, so that the fixed claws 19 of the two push rod bodies 17 respectively extend into cavities of the two profiles, clamping the profiles by using the movement of the clamping claws 18 and the fixed claws 19, and driving the two push rod bodies 17 to move by the Y-direction movement of the three-axis mechanical arm 5 so as to push the two profiles to move towards the sawing and milling center;
a4: at the feeding end of the sawing and milling center, the upper end face of the feeding bedplate 31 and the horizontal reference surface on the supporting roller 24 are on the same horizontal plane and are the same horizontal reference surface, two side faces of the feeding faceplate 32 corresponding to two side faces of the middle reference plate 21 are vertical reference surfaces, two feeding push plates 33 clamp two sectional materials on the feeding faceplate 32, and a feeding upper pressing plate 34 presses the two sectional materials on the feeding bedplate 31 to position the feeding end;
a5: end milling is simultaneously carried out on the end parts of the two profiles by using the end milling blade 9, the end milling blade 9 moves to avoid after the end milling is finished, the feeding push plate 33 and the feeding upper press plate 34 return to release the two profiles, and the push rod body 17 pushes the two profiles to continue to advance;
a6: after a certain distance of advance, at the feed end of the sawing and milling center, two section bars are clamped on the feed panel 32 by the two feed push plates 33, and the two section bars are pressed on the feed platen 31 by the feed upper press plate 34 and positioned at the feed end; at the discharge end of the sawing and milling center, two discharge push plates clamp two profiles on a discharge panel 36, and a discharge upper press plate 35 presses the two profiles on a discharge platen 37 to position the two profiles at the discharge end;
a7: the integrated machine head support 12 moves, and the sawing blade 14 cuts off the two sectional materials; the discharging sliding plate 15 moves to drive the cut section to move, and an end milling space is reserved in the sawing and milling center;
a8: the end milling cutter blade 9 moves, end milling processing is simultaneously carried out on the rear end surfaces of the two front profiles and the front end surfaces of the two rear profiles, after the end milling is finished, the discharging push plate and the discharging upper press plate 35 retract to loosen the two front profiles, the discharging left clamping plate 39 and the discharging right clamping plate 41 clamp the two profiles, the two profiles are driven by the discharging sliding panel 40 to move along the discharging cross beam 16, after the two profiles move to the profile discharging conveying device 4, the discharging left clamping plate 39 and the discharging right clamping plate 41 loosen the two profiles to place the end-milled profiles on the profile discharging conveying device 4, and then the rear profiles are processed in the same process;
a9: a label printer is arranged on the profile discharging and conveying device 4, and can automatically label the cut profile or label the profile manually by an operator at certain times.
When the end milling blade 9 is subjected to tool changing, the lower rotating cutter disc 3 moves along the cutter disc track under the pushing of the air cylinder, after the end milling blade 9 is in place, the tool holder on the rotating cutter disc 3 is clamped on the end milling blade 9, the end milling blade 9 is loosened by the blade spindle, the rotating cutter disc 3 rotates to take away the end milling blade 9, after the end milling blade 9 is rotated to a proper position, the blade spindle clamps a new end milling blade 9 again, and then the rotating cutter disc 3 returns to complete tool changing.
The terms "upper", "lower", "outside", "inside", and the like in the description and claims of the present invention and the above-described drawings (if any) are used for distinguishing relative positions without necessarily being construed qualitatively. It is to be understood that the data so used is interchangeable under appropriate circumstances such that the embodiments of the invention described herein are capable of operation in sequences other than those illustrated or described herein. Furthermore, the terms "comprising" and "having," as well as any variations thereof, are intended to cover non-exclusive inclusions.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (10)

1. A sawing and milling system is characterized by comprising a rack (2), a section feeding and conveying device (1), a milling device and a section discharging and conveying device (4), wherein the section feeding and conveying device, the milling device and the section discharging and conveying device are sequentially arranged, a clamping guide mechanism (8) and a pushing mechanism capable of pushing a section to the milling device are arranged on one side of the discharging end of the section feeding and conveying device (1), the clamping guide mechanism (8) is provided with a plurality of guide grooves which are arranged in a row, and at least two guide grooves are formed in the clamping guide mechanism (8); the milling device comprises an integrated machine head support (12), a support guide rail (13), a sawing component and an end milling component, wherein the integrated machine head support (12) is mounted on the support guide rail (13) and can move along the X direction, an end milling slide seat (11) is movably mounted on the integrated machine head support (12), the end milling slide seat (11) can move along the Y direction on the integrated machine head support (12), a lifting frame (10) is arranged on the end milling slide seat (11), the lifting frame (10) can move along the Z direction on the end milling slide seat (11), and the end milling component is mounted on the lifting frame (10); a cutter head rail is arranged on one side of the end milling assembly, a rotating cutter head (3) is mounted on the cutter head rail, the rotating cutter head (3) can move in the X direction along the cutter head rail, and the rotating cutter head (3) can move to the position of the end milling assembly for cutter changing; the feeding end of the milling device is provided with a feeding positioning mechanism, the discharging end of the milling device is provided with a discharging positioning mechanism and a clamping moving mechanism, and the clamping moving mechanism can move in the Y direction and can drive the section bar to move to the section bar discharging conveying device (4).
2. The sawing and milling system according to claim 1, wherein the clamping guide mechanism (8) comprises a track plate (29), a roller frame (27), a supporting roller (24), a left clamping roller (22), a right clamping roller (23) and a middle reference plate (21), the track plate (29) is fixed on the frame (2), the roller frame (27) is installed on the track plate (29), a jacking cylinder is connected on the roller frame (27), a piston rod of the jacking cylinder is connected with the roller frame (27) and can drive the roller frame (27) to move up and down, the supporting roller (24) is horizontally installed on the roller frame (27), the upper parts of the supporting rollers (24) in the plurality of clamping guide mechanisms (8) form a horizontal reference surface, the middle reference plate (21) is fixed on the upper parts of the roller frame (27) and is vertically arranged, and two side surfaces of the middle reference plate (21) are two vertical reference surfaces, the horizontal reference surface is perpendicular to the vertical reference surface, left side pinch roller (22) and right side pinch roller (23) vertical setting, left side pinch roller (22) are located the left side of middle benchmark board (21), be connected with left side die clamping cylinder on left side pinch roller (22), right side pinch roller (23) are located the right side of middle benchmark board (21), be connected with right side die clamping cylinder on right side pinch roller (23).
3. The sawing and milling system according to claim 2, characterised in that the rail plate (29) is provided with vertical rails (28), and the roller frame (27) is slidably mounted on the vertical rails (28) by means of a slider structure so as to guide the roller frame (27) for stable vertical movement; a middle fixing plate (25) is arranged on the roller frame (27), cylinder bodies of the left clamping cylinder and the right clamping cylinder are fixed on the middle fixing plate (25), and a horizontal rail (26) is arranged on the roller frame (27); the bottom of the left clamping roller (22) is connected with a left sliding block plate, the left sliding block plate is slidably mounted on a horizontal rail (26), and a piston rod of the left clamping cylinder is connected with the left sliding block plate to drive the left clamping roller (22) to stably move along the horizontal rail; the bottom of the right clamping roller (23) is connected with a right side sliding block plate, the right side sliding block plate is slidably mounted on the horizontal rail (26), and a piston rod of the right clamping cylinder is connected with the right side sliding block plate to drive the right clamping roller (23) to stably move along the horizontal rail (26); the middle reference plate (21) is positioned at the rear middle position of the support roller (24).
4. The sawing and milling system according to claim 2, wherein the pushing mechanism comprises a beam rail (7), a three-axis robot arm (5) and two push rod assemblies (6), the three-axis robot arm (5) is slidably mounted on the beam rail (7), the two push rod assemblies (6) are mounted at the lower part of the three-axis robot arm (5) and are arranged in parallel at the same height, and the two push rod assemblies (6) can synchronously move in the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction under the driving of the three-axis robot arm (5).
5. The sawing and milling system according to claim 4, wherein the push rod assembly (6) comprises a push rod body (17), a fixed jaw (19), a jaw (18), a linkage and a connecting rod power assembly, the fixed jaw (19) and the jaw (18) are mounted at the front part of the push rod body (17), the jaw (18) is connected with the linkage, the linkage is connected with the connecting rod power assembly, the connecting rod power assembly can drive the linkage to further drive the jaw (18) to realize clamping action, the fixed jaw (19) can extend into a cavity of the profile, and the jaw (18) can be matched with the fixed jaw (19) from the outer side of the profile to clamp the profile.
6. The sawing and milling system according to claim 2, wherein the feeding positioning structure comprises a feeding fixing base plate (30), a feeding platen (31), a feeding panel (32), side pressing cylinders, a feeding push plate (33), a jacking cylinder and a feeding upper pressing plate (34), the feeding fixing base plate (30) is mounted on the frame (2), the feeding platen (31) and the side pressing cylinders are mounted on the feeding fixing base plate (30), the feeding panel (32) is fixed on the feeding platen (31), the feeding panel (32) is perpendicular to the feeding platen (31), the feeding panel (32) is provided with two vertical reference surfaces coplanar with the middle reference plate (21), the upper end surface of the feeding platen (31) is a horizontal reference surface, two sides of the feeding panel (32) are respectively provided with one side pressing cylinder, and the feeding push plate (33) is connected to a piston rod of the side pressing cylinders, the feeding device is characterized in that a pushing surface on the feeding push plate (33) is parallel to a vertical reference surface on the feeding panel (32), a side pressing cylinder can drive the feeding push plate (33) to compress a section bar on the feeding panel (32) from one side, a jacking cylinder is connected with the feeding upper pressing plate (34) and can drive the feeding upper pressing plate (34) to lift, the jacking cylinder is installed on the frame (2) and is located at the lower part of the feeding upper pressing plate (34), a guide groove is formed in the feeding upper pressing plate (34), the rear part of the feeding panel (32) is located in the guide groove and is matched with the guide groove, guide shafts are connected to two sides of the feeding upper pressing plate (34), the guide shafts slidably penetrate through the feeding fixed bottom plate (30), and a lower pressing surface of the feeding upper pressing plate (34) is parallel to the horizontal reference surface.
7. The sawing and milling system as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the discharging positioning mechanism comprises a discharging sliding bottom plate (38), a discharging platen (37), a discharging panel (36), a side pressing cylinder, a discharging push plate, a jacking cylinder and a discharging upper pressing plate (35), the discharging sliding bottom plate (38) is slidably mounted on the frame (2) through a guide rail slider structure, the discharging platen (37) and the side pressing cylinder are mounted on the discharging sliding bottom plate (38), the discharging panel (36) is fixed on the discharging platen (37), the discharging panel (36) is perpendicular to the discharging platen (37), the discharging panel (36) is provided with two vertical reference surfaces coplanar with the middle reference plate (21), the upper end surface of the discharging platen (37) is a horizontal reference surface, and two sides of the discharging panel (36) are respectively provided with one side pressing cylinder, the discharging push plate is connected on a piston rod of the side pressing cylinder, a pushing surface on the discharging push plate is parallel to a vertical reference surface on the discharging panel (36), the side pressing cylinder can drive the discharging push plate to press the section bar on the discharging panel (36) from one side, the jacking cylinder is connected with the discharging upper pressure plate (35) and can drive the discharging upper pressure plate (35) to lift, the jacking cylinder is arranged on the frame (2) and is positioned at the lower part of the discharging upper pressure plate (35), the discharging upper pressure plate (35) is provided with a guide groove, the front part of the discharging panel (36) is positioned in the guide groove and matched with the guide groove, the two sides of the discharging upper pressing plate (35) are connected with guide shafts, the guide shafts can slidably penetrate through the discharging sliding bottom plate (38), and the lower pressing surface of the discharging upper pressing plate (35) is parallel to the horizontal reference surface.
8. The sawing and milling system according to claim 6, wherein the clamping and moving mechanism comprises a discharging beam (16), a discharging sliding plate (15), a discharging sliding panel (40), a discharging left clamping plate (39) and a discharging right clamping plate (41), a guide rail and a rack are arranged on the discharging beam (16), the discharging sliding plate (15) is connected with the guide rail on the discharging beam (16) through a sliding block to guide the Y-direction movement of the discharging sliding plate (15), a driving motor is installed on the discharging sliding plate (15), a gear is connected to the driving motor and meshed with the rack to drive the discharging sliding plate (15) to move, the discharging sliding panel (40) is fixedly connected to the lower part of the discharging sliding plate (15), the guide rail is arranged at the bottom of the discharging sliding plate (15), and the discharging left clamping plate (39) and the discharging right clamping plate (41) are installed on the guide rail of the discharging sliding plate (15) through a sliding block And are respectively positioned at two sides of the discharging sliding panel (40), the discharging left clamping plate (39) and the discharging right clamping plate (41) are respectively connected with an air cylinder, and a piston rod of the air cylinder is connected to the discharging sliding panel (40) and can drive the discharging left clamping plate (39) and the discharging right clamping plate (41) to move through a cylinder body.
9. The sawing and milling system according to claim 1, characterised in that the sawing assembly comprises a sawing blade (14) and a sawing motor, the sawing motor is mounted on the integrated head support (12), the sawing blade (14) can be driven by the sawing motor to rotate, and the integrated head support (12) can drive the sawing blade (14) to move when moving so as to cut the profile; the end milling assembly comprises an end milling blade (9), a blade spindle and an end milling motor, the blade spindle is mounted on the end milling motor, the end milling blade (9) is detachably connected to the blade spindle, the end milling motor can drive the end milling blade to rotate, a plurality of tool holders are arranged on the rotating cutter disc (3), and the rotating cutter disc (3) can be driven by the motor to rotate; the integrated machine head support (12) is installed on a support guide rail (13) and moves along the X direction through a motor and a gear and rack transmission structure, a guide rail is installed on the integrated machine head support (12), an end milling sliding seat (11) is installed on the guide rail of the integrated machine head support (12) through a sliding block and moves along the Y direction through the motor and the gear and rack transmission structure, and the end milling assembly guides on a lifting frame (10) through a guide rail sliding block structure and moves along the Z direction through the motor and a ball screw structure.
10. A sawing and milling method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
a1: the profiles are conveyed to the position of a clamping guide mechanism (8) through a belt conveying mechanism, so that the two profiles are positioned on two sides of a middle reference plate (21);
a2: the supporting rollers (24) rise simultaneously, so that two profiles are supported on the supporting rollers (24), the left clamping roller (22) and the right clamping roller (23) push the two profiles to approach the middle reference plate (21) respectively, so that the two profiles are clamped at the middle reference plate (21), the upper parts of the supporting rollers (24) are horizontal reference surfaces after rising, two side surfaces of the middle reference plate (21) are vertical reference surfaces, and the positioning of the two profiles is realized through the support of the supporting rollers (24) and the abutting of the middle reference plate (21);
a3: positioning the two push rod bodies (17) by using the three-axis mechanical arm (5), so that the fixed claws (19) of the two push rod bodies (17) respectively extend into the cavities of the two profiles, clamping the profiles by using the clamping actions of the clamping claws (18) in cooperation with the fixed claws (19), and driving the two push rod bodies (17) to move through the Y-direction movement of the three-axis mechanical arm (5) so as to push the two profiles to move towards the sawing and milling center;
a4: at the feeding end of a sawing and milling center, the upper end surface of a feeding bedplate (31) and the horizontal reference surface on a supporting roller (24) are on the same horizontal plane and are the same horizontal reference surface, two side surfaces of the feeding faceplate (32) corresponding to two side surfaces of a middle reference plate (21) are vertical reference surfaces, two feeding push plates (33) clamp two sectional materials on the feeding faceplate (32), and a feeding upper press plate (34) presses the two sectional materials on the feeding bedplate (31) and positions the feeding end;
a5: end milling is simultaneously carried out on the end parts of the two profiles by using an end milling blade (9), the end milling blade (9) moves to avoid after the end milling is finished, a feeding push plate (33) and a feeding upper press plate (34) return to release the two profiles, and a push rod body (17) pushes the two profiles to continue to advance;
a6: after the two sections advance for a certain distance, at the feeding end of the sawing and milling center, the two sections are clamped on a feeding panel (32) by two feeding push plates (33), and the two sections are pressed on a feeding bedplate (31) by a feeding upper press plate (34) and positioned at the feeding end; at the discharge end of the sawing and milling center, two discharge push plates clamp two sectional materials on a discharge panel (36), a discharge upper press plate (35) presses the two sectional materials on a discharge bedplate (37) and positions the two sectional materials at the discharge end;
a7: the integrated machine head support (12) moves, and the sawing blade (14) cuts off the two sectional materials; the discharging sliding plate (15) moves to drive the cut section to move, and an end milling space is reserved in the sawing and milling center;
a8: the end milling cutter blade (9) moves, end milling processing is simultaneously carried out on the rear end surfaces of the two front profiles and the front end surfaces of the two rear profiles, after the end milling is finished, the discharging push plate and the discharging upper press plate (36) retract to loosen the two front profiles, the discharging left clamping plate (39) and the discharging right clamping plate (41) clamp the two profiles, the two profiles are driven by the discharging sliding panel (40) to move along the discharging cross beam (16), after the two profiles move to the profile discharging conveying device (4), the discharging left clamping plate (39) and the discharging right clamping plate (41) loosen the two profiles, the end-milled profiles are placed on the profile discharging conveying device (4), and then the rear profiles are processed in the same process;
when the opposite-end milling blade (9) is subjected to tool changing, the movable cutter (3) moves along the cutter head rail under the pushing of the cylinder, after the movable cutter is in place, the tool holder on the movable cutter (3) is clamped on the end milling blade (9) No. 1, the end milling blade (9) No. 1 is loosened and moves upwards by the cutter spindle, the end milling blade (9) No. 1 is taken away by the movable cutter (3) in a rotating mode, after the end milling blade (9) No. 2 is rotated, the cutter spindle moves downwards to clamp the end milling blade (9) No. 2, then the movable cutter (3) returns along the cutter head rail, and tool changing is completed.
CN202011474525.0A 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 Sawing and milling processing system and method Active CN112658684B (en)

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