CN112531196A - Full-automatic production system for square battery cell casing - Google Patents

Full-automatic production system for square battery cell casing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112531196A
CN112531196A CN202011410992.7A CN202011410992A CN112531196A CN 112531196 A CN112531196 A CN 112531196A CN 202011410992 A CN202011410992 A CN 202011410992A CN 112531196 A CN112531196 A CN 112531196A
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shell
cell
battery cell
conveying
plate
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CN202011410992.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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熊金贵
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202011410992.7A priority Critical patent/CN112531196A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/04Construction or manufacture in general
    • H01M10/0404Machines for assembling batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/05Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte
    • H01M10/058Construction or manufacture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Primary Cells (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic production system for a square battery cell casing, which comprises a cell conveying assembly, a cell lifting assembly, a cell clamping assembly, a shell feeding assembly, a cell feeding assembly and a cell casing assembly, wherein the cell conveying assembly is arranged on the shell conveying assembly; the invention solves the problems of low efficiency and low precision of manually grabbing the battery cell in the prior art.

Description

Full-automatic production system for square battery cell casing
Technical Field
The invention relates to a battery production system, in particular to a battery cell shell entering system.
Background
In the production process of the existing square aluminum shell lithium ion battery, the mode of installing the battery core into the square aluminum shell is generally a mode of installing the battery core into the shell by an operator by a hand tool or a direct pushing mode, the manual shell entering mode has low efficiency, the product percent of pass is low, the mobility of personnel is high, the labor intensity is high, the production efficiency is low, the operation cost is high, and the like.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a full-automatic production system for embedding a square battery cell into a shell, which solves the problems of low efficiency and low precision of manually grabbing the cell in the prior art.
The purpose of the invention is realized as follows: a full-automatic production system for a square battery cell casing comprises a cell conveying assembly, a cell lifting assembly, a cell clamping assembly, a shell feeding assembly, a cell feeding assembly and a cell casing assembly;
the battery cell conveying assembly comprises an upper layer conveying mechanism and a lower layer conveying mechanism which are arranged at the front end of the conveying rack, the upper layer conveying mechanism is used for conveying a full-load battery cell material box, and the lower layer conveying mechanism is used for conveying an empty-load battery cell material box; the upper layer conveying mechanism comprises an upper supporting plate fixed on the conveying rack, two rows of conveying guide rollers are arranged on the top surface of the upper supporting plate, two sides of the upper supporting plate are provided with a chain wheel conveying mechanism, two conveying chains are arranged on the chain wheel conveying mechanism, a push rod is arranged between the two conveying chains, guide rod brackets are arranged on two sides of the conveying rack, guide rods are arranged on the inner sides of the guide rod brackets, the top of one pair of outer chain plates of the two conveying chains is provided with a side bending plate, the top of the side bending plate is fixed with a T-shaped push rod mounting seat, the two ends of the push rod are arranged in the push rod mounting seat, the lower layer conveying mechanism comprises a lower supporting plate fixed on the conveying rack, the top surface of the lower supporting plate is provided with a belt conveying mechanism, guide baffles are arranged on the conveying rack and positioned on two sides of the belt conveying mechanism, and a pair of separating cylinders are arranged on the conveying rack and positioned at an outlet of the belt conveying mechanism;
the cell lifting assembly is arranged inside the cell conveying assembly and is positioned at the rear end of the conveying rack, the cell lifting assembly is used for receiving a fully loaded cell magazine and positioning the fully loaded cell magazine to clamp cells from the cell magazine by the cell clamping assembly, after the cells are completely taken, an unloaded cell magazine descends and is conveyed into the lower-layer conveying mechanism, the cell lifting assembly comprises a bottom plate fixed at the bottom of the conveying rack, two pairs of lifting slide bars are installed on the bottom plate, the tops of the two pairs of lifting slide bars are connected with connecting plates fixed on the conveying rack, a lifting plate is arranged between the connecting plates, two rows of conveying guide rollers are installed on the top surface of the lifting plate, two pairs of sliding seats are fixed at the bottom of the lifting plate, the two pairs of sliding seats are arranged on the lifting slide bars in a sliding manner through pulley blocks, and two pairs of upper lifting, the bottom of each of the two pairs of upper lifting rods is correspondingly hinged with two pairs of lower lifting rods, the bottom of each of the two pairs of lower lifting rods is hinged on the bottom plate, hinged points between the two pairs of upper lifting rods and the two pairs of lower lifting rods are connected through a pair of synchronizing shafts, the pair of synchronizing shafts are connected through a pair of synchronizing rods, the bottom of the conveying rack is provided with a driving oil cylinder, and a piston rod of the driving oil cylinder is hinged with one synchronizing rod;
the battery cell clamping assembly comprises a battery cell clamping manipulator arranged at the rear end of the conveying rack and used for taking out a battery cell from a battery cell magazine and conveying the battery cell into the battery cell scanning part mechanism, a clamping support is arranged at the top of the rear end of the conveying rack, a three-axis driver is arranged at the top of the clamping support, and the battery cell clamping manipulator is arranged on the three-axis driver;
the shell feeding assembly comprises a material tray mechanism for storing the shell, a shell dedusting mechanism for removing impurities in the shell, and a sucker mechanism for taking the shell out of the material tray and transferring the shell to the shell dedusting mechanism; the feeding disc mechanism comprises a rotary disc arranged on a rack, two groups of material boxes are arranged on the rotary disc, square holes communicated with the bottoms of the material boxes are formed in the rotary disc, a jacking mechanism used for jacking inner shells of the material boxes from the square holes is arranged on the rack, the shell dust removing mechanism comprises a pair of shell dust removing support rods fixed on the rack, shell dust removing support seats are arranged on the shell dust removing support rods, a rotatable shell dust removing rotary seat is arranged between the two shell dust removing support seats, a shell dust removing clamping cylinder is fixedly arranged on the shell dust removing rotary seat, a pair of shell dust removing clamping plates are arranged on the shell dust removing clamping cylinder, a liftable shell dust removing plate is arranged on one side of each shell dust removing support rod, and a plurality; the sucking disc mechanism comprises a three-axis driver arranged on the rack, and a pneumatic sucking disc is arranged on the three-axis driver;
the battery cell loading assembly comprises a battery cell scanning mechanism for scanning battery cell data, a battery cell dedusting mechanism for removing impurities on the surface of the battery cell, a battery cell temporary storage frame for temporarily storing the battery cell after impurity removal, and a first grabbing manipulator for grabbing the battery cell to be transported among the battery cell scanning mechanism, the battery cell dedusting mechanism and the battery cell temporary storage frame, wherein the first grabbing manipulator also transports the battery cell into the battery cell casing assembly; the cell scanning mechanism comprises a scanner arranged beside a scanning box, two placing stations, namely a scanning station and a temporary storage station, are arranged in the scanning box, two locking cylinders are arranged in the scanning station, two through holes matched with the locking cylinders are formed in the side surfaces of the scanning station, and the two locking cylinders press two surfaces of a cell through piston rods to fix the cell in the scanning station;
the battery cell casing assembly comprises a second grabbing manipulator which is used for loading a battery cell into a casing and transferring the battery after casing entering to a to-be-detected area.
When the battery cell scanning mechanism works, a battery cell magazine provided with a battery cell is hoisted to an upper layer conveying mechanism, the upper layer conveying mechanism pushes the battery cell magazine to a battery cell lifting assembly, positioning is realized on the battery cell lifting assembly, and then the battery cell is taken out from the battery cell magazine by using a battery cell clamping manipulator and is transported to a battery cell scanning mechanism for standby; loading a shell into a material box for standby, rotating a shell dedusting rotary seat to enable the front face of a shell dedusting clamping plate to face upwards, loosening the shell dedusting clamping plate through a shell dedusting clamping cylinder, controlling a pneumatic sucker to suck the shell from the material box to the shell dedusting clamping plate through a three-axis driver, clamping the shell through the shell dedusting clamping plate, controlling the shell dedusting rotary seat to rotate by 90 degrees to enable an opening of the shell to face downwards, controlling the shell dedusting plate to ascend and extend into the shell, cleaning internal dust through an air jet hole, controlling the shell dedusting plate to descend after cleaning is finished, and controlling the shell dedusting rotary seat to rotate by 180 degrees to enable the opening of the shell to face upwards to be loaded with an electric core; transferring the battery cell scanned by the battery cell scanning mechanism into a battery cell dust removal mechanism by using a first grabbing manipulator, transferring the battery cell into a battery cell temporary storage frame after dust removal, and loading the battery cell in the battery cell temporary storage frame into a shell by using a second grabbing manipulator to complete shell entering; and after all the electric cores in the electric core material box are taken out, the no-load electric core material box is descended and sent into the lower-layer conveying mechanism, and the no-load electric core material box is sent out from the lower-layer conveying mechanism.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention realizes the shell entering of the battery cell and greatly improves the automation degree of the shell entering of the battery cell.
When the battery cell box pushing device works, the battery cell box is pushed into the battery cell lifting assembly through the chain wheel conveying mechanism in cooperation with the push rod and the guide rod, smoothness of the battery cell box is guaranteed under the action of the guide rod, and in order to reduce load pressure, the battery cell box is pushed in a push rod pushing mode, so that the power requirement is reduced; the empty-load battery cell magazine has the advantages that the weight is greatly reduced, and the belt conveying mechanism is used for conveying, so that the conveying stability is guaranteed, and the conveying pressure is greatly reduced; meanwhile, the battery cell magazine is taken out in a manual removal or hoisting mode, when the tail of the battery cell magazine is conveyed to the outlet, in order to avoid collision of workers or influence on hoisting of the hoisting tool due to impact of continuous thrust generated during conveying of the belt conveying mechanism on the workers or the hoisting tool, the battery cell magazine is jacked up by arranging the separation cylinder at the outlet, so that the battery cell magazine is separated from the belt conveyor, and the battery cell magazine is unloaded at the moment, so that the weight is greatly reduced, the inertia is relatively small, and the feasibility and the rationality of the scheme are further ensured; in the course of the work, because what place in the electric core magazine is electric core, this has higher requirement just to the stability of lifter plate, because the lift slide bar is shaft-like structure, it is relatively poor as bearing structure stability, fix the bottom of lift slide bar on the bottom plate, and be connected with the top of lift slide bar and fix the connecting plate in the transport frame, the overall stability of lift slide bar has been guaranteed, and then the stability of lifter plate has been guaranteed, the slide through the assembly pulley slip set up on the lift slide bar and with the lifter, the synchronizing shaft, the connected mode of synchronizing shaft has also improved the stability of connecting under the prerequisite of guaranteeing to go up and down smooth and easy degree.
As an improvement of the invention, a pair of auxiliary devices are arranged on the bottom plate between the two pairs of lower lifting rods and the two pairs of lifting slide rods, each auxiliary device comprises an auxiliary support fixed on the bottom plate, a limit bolt, a jacking cylinder and a pair of buffer cylinders are arranged on each auxiliary support, limit baffles are arranged on two sides, the rear end of each lifting plate and the rear end of the bottom plate, a brake is arranged on each lifting plate beside a conveying guide roller at the rear end, each brake comprises a brake cylinder fixed on a brake seat, the end part of each brake cylinder is connected with the corresponding brake plate, an arc-shaped concave surface matched with the corresponding conveying guide roller is processed on the end surface of each brake plate, a square hole is formed in the rear end of the middle part of each lifting plate, a recovery mechanism is arranged at the bottom of each lifting plate, each recovery mechanism comprises a recovery cylinder fixed at the bottom of each, the recovery guide rail is provided with a recovery seat in a sliding manner, the recovery seat is provided with a recovery push plate extending upwards from the square hole, and the recovery push plate is connected with a piston rod of the recovery cylinder.
When the lifting plate is in work, the limiting bolt plays a limiting role, and in order to avoid impact on the limiting bolt when the lifting plate descends under the action of the driving oil cylinder, the impact of the lifting plate on the limiting bolt is greatly reduced by arranging the buffer cylinder; meanwhile, when the lifting plate descends to the lower limit position, the moment relation is difficult when the lifting plate is pushed to ascend by only depending on the driving oil cylinder, and the auxiliary jacking air cylinder is matched with the driving oil cylinder more smoothly; the brake plate of the brake in the initial state is attached to the rear end conveying guide roller, the friction force between the brake plate and the conveying guide roller is increased, when the fully loaded battery cell magazine is conveyed to the lifting plate from the upper layer conveying mechanism under the action of the push rod, because the fully loaded battery cell magazine is heavier, has larger inertia under the action of the push rod, if the battery cell material box directly impacts on the limit baffle, the inertia effect can cause larger influence on the battery cell, therefore, the brake is arranged beside the rear end of the conveying guide roller, the friction force between the brake plate and the conveying guide roller is adjusted by adjusting the pressure of the brake plate through the brake, so that the rear conveying guide rollers play a good role in buffering, meanwhile, after the fully loaded battery cell magazine reaches the position, the brake plate is controlled to completely lock the conveying guide rollers, and the braked conveying guide rollers can also ensure that the battery cell magazine moves back and forth, so that the clamping precision of the battery cell clamping assembly is influenced; when the cell magazine needs to be sent out after all the cells in the cell magazine are clamped, the brake needs to be unlocked; when the unloaded battery cell magazine is pushed into the lower-layer conveying mechanism, the piston rod retracts through the recovery cylinder, and the battery cell magazine is pushed into the lower-layer conveying mechanism under the action of the recovery push plate.
As an improvement of the invention, the battery cell casing assembly further comprises a casing entering mechanism, the second grabbing mechanical arm is used for grabbing and sending the battery cell into the casing entering mechanism, the casing entering mechanism is used for installing the battery cell into the casing, the casing entering mechanism comprises a casing entering support frame fixed on the rack, the casing entering support frame comprises a bottom layer mounting plate, a middle layer mounting plate and a top layer mounting plate, through holes for the battery cell and the casing to pass through are formed in the middle layer mounting plate and the top layer mounting plate, an upper casing mechanism is mounted on the bottom layer mounting plate, and the upper casing mechanism is used for sending the casing into the position below the middle layer mounting plate and sending the casing into the through holes of the middle layer mounting plate; the shell positioning mechanism is arranged below the cell guiding mechanism and comprises a vacuum chuck driven by a shell clamping cylinder, and the cell guiding mechanism comprises a pair of cell guiding rods and a pair of cell guiding wheels which are arranged on the middle-layer mounting plate; and the top mounting plate is provided with an electric core surface treatment mechanism for treating surface dust and an auxiliary pusher for pushing the electric core to descend.
When the shell feeding mechanism works, a shell is firstly transferred into the shell feeding mechanism from the shell dust removing mechanism through the second manipulator, the shell is sent into the through hole of the middle-layer mounting plate by the shell feeding mechanism and is fixed on the upper part of the shell through the shell positioning mechanism, the battery cell is transferred into the battery cell surface treatment mechanism from the temporary storage frame through the first manipulator, and the battery cell is pushed into the shell from the battery cell surface treatment mechanism through the battery cell guide mechanism through the second manipulator by using the auxiliary pusher; the invention adopts the bottom layer mounting plate to be matched with the upper shell mechanism and the second mechanical arm to ensure that the shell is transferred to the lower part of the shell entering support frame to make full preparation for subsequent shell entering, meanwhile, the assembly precision and stability of the battery cell and the shell are particularly important in the shell entering process, so that the position precision and stability of the shell can be ensured by using the shell positioning mechanism and the battery cell guide mechanism, the top of the shell is positioned by using the vacuum chuck, the directionality of the battery cell in the shell entering process is ensured by using the battery cell guide rod and the battery cell guide wheel, because a very small amount of dust is adsorbed on the battery cell in the transferring process of the manipulator, the very small amount of dust on the surface of the battery cell is completely treated by the battery cell surface treatment mechanism, because the manipulator can receive the space influence of electricity core surface treatment mechanism when propelling movement electricity core gets into the casing, consequently use supplementary pusher and manipulator cooperation to accomplish once only go into the shell and can guarantee the quality.
As an improvement of the invention, the upper shell mechanism comprises an upper shell cylinder, an upper shell lifting platform is arranged on a piston rod of the upper shell cylinder, an upper shell sliding table cylinder is arranged on the upper shell lifting platform, two upper shell clamping cylinders are arranged on a sliding table of the upper shell sliding table cylinder, an upper shell clamping plate is connected to piston rods of the two upper shell clamping cylinders, and a limiting rod is arranged on the shell entering support frame and positioned below the middle layer mounting plate. The shell can be conveniently transferred into the through hole of the middle layer mounting plate by using the mechanism.
As a further limitation of the present invention, the housing positioning mechanism includes a pair of housing clamping cylinders located at both sides of the through hole, a suction cup mounting plate is connected to a piston rod of the housing clamping cylinder, and a pair of vacuum suction cups is mounted on the suction cup mounting plate. The vacuum chuck is matched with the shell to clamp the air cylinder, so that the shell can be fixed more stably.
As a further limitation of the invention, the cell guide mechanism comprises a pair of cell guide support plates slidably disposed on a pair of cell guide slide rails, the two cell guide support plates are connected through a pair of folding cylinders, the folding cylinders are fixed on one of the cell guide support plates, the end portions of the corresponding piston rods are fixedly connected to the other cell guide support plate, two inner side angles opposite to the two cell guide support plates are provided with positioning concave platforms, the middle mounting plate is provided with positioning bosses matched with the inner platforms, and the cell guide rods and the cell guide wheels are mounted on the cell guide support plates and located at the periphery of the through holes. The folding of the cell guide rod can be conveniently realized by using the structure, and the accurate positioning can be realized by matching the upper positioning boss.
As a further limitation of the invention, the battery cell surface treatment mechanism comprises four battery cell treatment cylinders, rubber rollers are mounted on piston rods of the four battery cell treatment cylinders, the auxiliary pusher is placed on an auxiliary support, the auxiliary support is fixed on a top layer mounting plate, the auxiliary pusher comprises three pushing rods connected to the bottom of a clamping part, a slot is formed between the three pushing rods at the bottom of the clamping part, an arc-shaped groove matched with the pushing rods is formed in one side of the auxiliary support, a circular truncated cone matched with the slot is arranged at the top of the auxiliary support, and the top of the circular truncated cone is processed into a cone shape. Use the rubber roll to guarantee that the dust on electric core surface is glued away, use supplementary pusher to cooperate and guarantee that electric core is stable to go into the shell, and do not receive the space restriction, during the use, the electric core that will treat to go into the shell uses the manipulator clamp to get to between the rubber roll, it gets supplementary propeller to reuse the manipulator clamp, and use supplementary propeller to promote electric core from electric core top and go into the shell, go into the shell and finish the back, the manipulator is placed supplementary propeller on the auxiliary stand, the slotted hole on the supplementary propeller can be guaranteed supplementary pusher accurate positioning on the round platform cooperation on the auxiliary stand, so that the manipulator is accurate next time snatchs.
As a further limitation of the invention, the bottom of the housing dust-removing plate is mounted on an air source seat communicated with the housing dust-removing plate, the bottom of the air source seat is fixed on a piston rod of a housing dust-removing cylinder, the housing dust-removing cylinder is fixed on the frame, a groove is formed in the middle of the air source seat, the housing dust-removing plate is arranged in the groove, a gap is formed between the inner circumferential surface of the groove and the housing dust-removing plate, and an exhaust hole is formed in a corresponding gap position on the air source seat. The structure improves the dust removal performance.
As a further limitation of the invention, the battery cell dust removal mechanism comprises an L-shaped fixed frame fixed on the frame, a static electricity eliminator is arranged beside the L-shaped fixed frame, a battery cell placing plate is installed at the vertical part of the L-shaped fixed frame, a dust removal sliding table cylinder is installed at the horizontal part of the L-shaped fixed frame, a dust removal box is fixedly installed on a sliding table of the dust removal sliding table cylinder, a pair of gas injection pipes is installed at two sides of the top of the dust removal box, and a notch is formed in the top of the dust removal box. During operation, get the transport to electric core through first manipulator with electric core clamp earlier and place the board on, control the dust removal case again and slide in for the dust removal case is wrapped up electric core, and the jet-propelled pipe blowout air current at dust removal roof portion removes dust, solves the problem of air friction static through setting up static eliminator.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a cell conveying assembly according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a battery cell conveying assembly according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic front structural view of the cell conveying assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a cell lifting assembly according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged view of fig. 7 at B.
Fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a battery cell lifting assembly according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic perspective view of the auxiliary device of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic perspective view of the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of a shell feeding assembly according to the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural view of a dust removing mechanism of the housing of the present invention.
FIG. 15 is a schematic diagram of a dust-removing plate structure of the housing according to the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a cell scanning mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of a cell dust removal mechanism according to the present invention.
FIG. 18 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the dust removing box of the present invention.
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of the structure of the housing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 20 is a schematic view of the structure of the casing support frame of the present invention.
Fig. 21 is a schematic structural view of the upper case mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 22 is a schematic structural view of a housing positioning mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 23 is a schematic structural view of a cell guiding mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 24 is a schematic structural view of a cell surface treatment mechanism according to the present invention.
FIG. 25 is a schematic view of the structure of the auxiliary stand according to the present invention.
The device comprises a conveying assembly 1, an upper-layer conveying mechanism 11, an upper supporting plate 111, a conveying guide roller 112, a sprocket conveying mechanism 113, a conveying chain 114, an outer chain plate 1141, a side bent plate 1142, a push rod 115, a push rod mounting seat 116, a guide rod bracket 117, a guide rod 118, a lower-layer conveying mechanism 12, a lower supporting plate 121, a belt conveyor 122, a guide baffle 123 and a separation cylinder 124; 13 a conveyor frame;
2, a lifting component, a bottom plate 21, a lifting slide rod 22, a connecting plate 23, a lifting plate 24, an upper lifting rod 241, a lower lifting rod 242, a synchronizing shaft 243, a synchronizing rod 244, a driving oil cylinder 245, a square hole 246, a sliding seat 25, a pulley block 251, an auxiliary device 26, an auxiliary support 261, a limit bolt 262, a jacking cylinder 263, a buffer cylinder 264, a limit baffle 27, a 28 brake, a 281 brake seat, a 282 brake cylinder, a 283 brake plate, a 29 recovery mechanism, a 291 recovery air cylinder, a 292 recovery guide rail, a 293 recovery seat and a 294 recovery push plate;
3 clamping components, 31 clamping supports, 32 three-axis drivers and 33 clamping manipulators;
4, a shell feeding assembly, a 41-tray mechanism, a 411 turntable, a 412 material box, a 413 jacking mechanism, a 42 shell dust removal mechanism, a 421 shell dust removal supporting rod, a 422 shell dust removal supporting seat, a 423 shell dust removal rotating seat, a 424 shell dust removal clamping cylinder, a 425 shell dust removal clamping plate, a 426 shell dust removal plate, 4261 air injection holes, a 427 air source seat, a 4271 groove, a 4272 exhaust hole, a 428 shell dust removal cylinder, a 43 sucker mechanism, a 431 three-axis driver and a 432 pneumatic sucker;
5, a cell loading assembly, a 51 cell scanning mechanism, a 511 scanning box, a 5111 scanning station, a 5112 temporary storage station, a 512 scanner, a 513 locking cylinder, a 52 cell dedusting mechanism, a 521L-shaped fixing frame, a 522 static eliminator, a 523 cell placing plate, a 524 dedusting sliding table cylinder, a 525 dedusting box and a 526 gas injection pipe; 53, a temporary battery cell storage frame and 54 a first grabbing manipulator;
6 electric core entering shell assembly, 61 second grabbing mechanical arm, 62 entering shell mechanism, 621 entering shell supporting frame, 6211 bottom layer mounting plate, 6212 middle layer mounting plate, 6213 top layer mounting plate, 6214 through hole, 622 upper shell mechanism, 6221 upper shell cylinder, 6222 upper shell lifting platform, 6223 upper shell sliding table cylinder, 6224 upper shell clamping cylinder, 6225 upper shell clamping plate, 6226 stop bar, 623 shell positioning mechanism, 6231 shell clamping cylinder, 6232 sucking disc mounting plate, 6233 vacuum sucking disc, 624 electric core guiding mechanism, 6241 electric core guiding slide rail, 6242 electric core guiding support plate, 6243 folding cylinder, 6244 positioning concave table, 6245 positioning convex table, 6246 electric core guiding rod, 6247 electric core guiding wheel, 625 electric core surface processing mechanism, 6251 electric core processing cylinder, 6252 rubber roll, 626 auxiliary pushing device, 6261 clamping part, 6262 pushing rod, 6263 slotted hole, auxiliary support, 6271 arc groove, circular cone 72, 7 rack.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 25, the full-automatic production system for square battery cell casing includes a cell conveying assembly 1, a cell lifting assembly 2, a cell clamping assembly 3, a casing feeding assembly 4, a cell feeding assembly 5, and a cell casing assembly 6;
the battery cell conveying assembly 1 comprises an upper layer conveying mechanism 11 and a lower layer conveying mechanism 12 which are arranged at the front end of the conveying rack 7, wherein the upper layer conveying mechanism 11 is used for conveying a full-load battery cell magazine, and the lower layer conveying mechanism 12 is used for conveying a no-load battery cell magazine; the upper-layer conveying mechanism 11 comprises an upper supporting plate 111 fixed on the conveying rack 7, two rows of conveying guide rollers 112 are mounted on the top surface of the upper supporting plate 111, chain wheel conveying mechanisms 113 are mounted on two sides of the upper supporting plate 111, two conveying chains 114 are mounted on the chain wheel conveying mechanisms 113, the two conveying chains 114 are connected through a push rod 115, side bent plates 1142 are processed on the tops of a pair of outer chain plates 1141 of the two conveying chains 114, a T-shaped push rod mounting seat 116 is fixed on the tops of the side bent plates 1142, two ends of the push rod 115 are mounted in the push rod mounting seat 116, guide rod supports 117 are mounted on two sides of the conveying rack 7, and guide rods 118 are mounted on the inner sides; the lower layer conveying mechanism 12 comprises a lower supporting plate 121 fixed on the conveying rack 7, a belt conveying mechanism 122 is installed on the top surface of the lower supporting plate 121, guide baffle plates 123 are installed on the conveying rack 7 and located on two sides of the belt conveying mechanism 122, and a pair of separating cylinders 124 are arranged on the conveying rack 7 and located at the outlet of the belt conveying mechanism 122.
The battery cell lifting assembly 2 is arranged inside the battery cell conveying assembly 1 and is positioned at the rear end of the conveying rack 7, the battery cell lifting assembly 2 is used for receiving a fully-loaded battery cell magazine and positioning the fully-loaded battery cell magazine, the power supply core clamping assembly 3 clamps a battery cell from the battery cell magazine, and after the battery cell is completely taken, the unloaded battery cell magazine is lowered and conveyed into the lower-layer conveying mechanism 12; the battery cell lifting assembly 2 comprises a bottom plate 21 fixed at the bottom of a conveying rack 7, two pairs of lifting slide bars 22 are installed on the bottom plate 21, connecting plates 23 fixed on the conveying rack 7 are connected at the tops of the two pairs of lifting slide bars 22, a lifting plate 24 is arranged between the two connecting plates 23, two rows of conveying guide rollers 112 are installed on the top surface of the lifting plate 24, two pairs of sliding seats 25 are fixed at the bottom of the lifting plate 24, the two pairs of sliding seats 25 are arranged on the lifting slide bars 22 in a sliding manner through pulley blocks 251, two pairs of upper lifting rods 241 are hinged at the bottom of the lifting plate 24, two pairs of lower lifting rods 242 are correspondingly hinged at the bottoms of the two pairs of upper lifting rods 241, the bottoms of the two pairs of lower lifting rods 242 are hinged on the bottom plate 21, hinged points between the two pairs of upper lifting rods 241 and the two pairs of lower lifting rods 242 are, a driving oil cylinder 245 is installed at the bottom of the conveying frame 7, and a piston rod of the driving oil cylinder 245 is hinged with one of the synchronizing rods 244 (the synchronizing rod 244 at the rear end, considering the layout of the inner space); a pair of auxiliary devices 26 are arranged on the bottom plate 21 between the two pairs of lower lifting rods 242 and the two pairs of lifting slide rods 22, each auxiliary device 26 comprises an auxiliary support 261 fixed on the bottom plate 21, and a limit bolt 262, a jacking cylinder 263 and a pair of buffer cylinders 264 are arranged on each auxiliary support 261; the two sides and the rear end of the lifting plate 24 and the rear end of the bottom plate 21 are respectively provided with a limit baffle 27, a brake 28 is arranged on the lifting plate 24 beside the conveying guide roller 112 at the rear end, the brake 28 comprises a brake cylinder 282 fixed on a brake seat 281, the end part of the brake cylinder 282 is connected with a brake plate 283, and the end surface of the brake plate 283 is processed with an arc concave surface matched with the conveying guide roller 112; the middle part of the rear end of the lifting plate 24 is provided with a square hole 246, the bottom of the lifting plate 24 is provided with a recovery mechanism 29, the recovery mechanism 29 comprises a recovery air cylinder 291 fixed at the bottom of the lifting plate 24, two sides of the recovery air cylinder 291 are provided with recovery guide rails 292, a recovery seat 293 slides on the recovery guide rails 292, a recovery push plate 294 upwards extending from the square hole 246 is installed on the recovery seat 293, and the recovery push plate 294 is connected with a piston rod of the recovery air cylinder 291.
Subassembly 3 is got including installing the clamp manipulator 33 of getting in transport frame 7 rear end to the electric core for take out and deliver to next station with electric core from electric core magazine, transport frame 7 rear end top is installed and is got support 31, gets the top of support 31 and installs three-axis driver 32 (x axle, y axle, c axle), and the clamp manipulator 33 of getting is installed on three-axis driver 32.
The shell feeding assembly 4 comprises a tray mechanism 41 for storing the shell, a shell dust removal mechanism 42 for removing impurities in the shell, and a sucker mechanism 43 for taking the shell out of the tray and transferring the shell to the shell dust removal mechanism 42; the tray mechanism 41 comprises a turntable 411 arranged on the rack 4, two groups of material boxes 412 are arranged on the turntable 411, a square hole communicated with the bottom of the material box 412 is formed in the turntable 411, and a jacking mechanism 413 for jacking the inner shell of the material box 412 from the square hole is arranged on the rack 4; the shell dust removing mechanism 42 comprises a pair of shell dust removing support rods 421 fixed on the frame 4, the shell dust removing support rods 421 are provided with shell dust removing support seats 422, a rotatable shell dust removing rotary seat 423 is arranged between the two shell dust removing support seats 422, a shell dust removing clamping cylinder 424 is fixedly arranged on the shell dust removing rotary seat 423, a pair of shell dust removing clamping plates 425 is arranged on the shell dust removing clamping cylinder 424, one side of each shell dust removing support rod 421 is provided with a liftable shell dust removing plate 426, the top of each shell dust removing plate 426 is provided with a plurality of air jetting holes 4261, the bottom of each shell dust removing plate 426 is arranged on an air source seat 427 communicated with the shell dust removing plate, the bottom of each air source seat 427 is fixed on a piston rod of each shell dust removing cylinder 428, each shell dust removing cylinder 428 is fixed on the frame 4, the middle of each air source seat 427 is provided with a groove 4271, an exhaust hole 4272 is formed in the corresponding gap position on the air source seat 427; the suction cup mechanism 43 comprises a three-axis driver 431 mounted on the frame 4, and a pneumatic suction cup 432 is mounted on the three-axis driver 431;
the battery cell loading assembly 5 comprises a battery cell scanning mechanism 51 for scanning battery cell data, a battery cell dedusting mechanism 52 for removing impurities on the surface of the battery cell, a battery cell temporary storage frame 53 for temporarily storing the battery cell after impurity removal, and a first grabbing manipulator 54 for grabbing the battery cell to be transported among the battery cell scanning mechanism 51, the battery cell dedusting mechanism 52 and the battery cell temporary storage frame 53, wherein the first grabbing manipulator 54 transports the battery cell into the battery cell casing assembly 6; the cell scanning mechanism 51 comprises a scanner 512 arranged beside a scanning box 511, two placing stations, namely a scanning station 5111 and a temporary storage station 5112, are arranged in the scanning box 511, two locking cylinders 513 are arranged in the scanning station 5111, two through holes matched with the locking cylinders 513 are formed in the side surface of the scanning station 5111, and the two locking cylinders 513 compress two surfaces of a cell through piston rods to fix the cell in the scanning station 5111; the battery core dust removal mechanism 52 comprises an L-shaped fixing frame 521 fixed on the frame 4, a static electricity eliminator 522 is arranged beside the L-shaped fixing frame 521, a battery core placing plate 523 is installed at the vertical part of the L-shaped fixing frame 521, a dust removal sliding table cylinder 524 is installed at the horizontal part of the L-shaped fixing frame 521, a dust removal box 525 is fixedly installed on the sliding table of the dust removal sliding table cylinder 524, a pair of air injection pipes 526 are installed on two sides of the top of the dust removal box 525, and a notch is formed in the top of the dust.
The battery cell casing assembly 6 comprises a second grabbing manipulator 61 and a casing entering mechanism 62, the second grabbing manipulator 61 is used for grabbing and sending the battery cell into the casing entering mechanism 62, the casing entering mechanism 62 is used for loading the battery cell into the casing, the casing entering mechanism 62 comprises a casing entering support frame 621 fixed on the rack 4, the casing entering support frame 621 comprises a bottom layer mounting plate 6211, a middle layer mounting plate 6212 and a top layer mounting plate 6213, and through holes 6214 for the battery cell and the casing to pass through are formed in the middle layer mounting plate 6212 and the top layer mounting plate 6213; an upper shell mechanism 622 is arranged on the bottom layer mounting plate 6211, the upper shell mechanism 622 is used for sending the shell into the lower part of the middle layer mounting plate 6212 and sending the shell into the through hole 6214 of the middle layer mounting plate 6212, the upper shell mechanism 622 comprises an upper shell cylinder 6221, a class lifting platform 6222 is arranged on a piston rod of the upper shell cylinder 6221, a class lifting platform 6223 is arranged on the class lifting platform 6222, two upper shell clamping cylinders 6224 are arranged on a sliding table of the upper shell sliding cylinder 6223, an upper shell clamping plate 6225 is connected onto piston rods of the two upper shell clamping cylinders 6224, and a limiting rod 6226 is arranged on the shell entering support frame below the middle layer mounting plate 6212; a shell positioning mechanism 623 for fixing the upper part of the shell and a cell guide mechanism 624 for realizing the movement and guide of the cell from top to bottom are arranged on the middle layer mounting plate 6212, the shell positioning mechanism 623 is arranged below the cell guide mechanism 624, the shell positioning mechanism 623 comprises a pair of shell clamping cylinders 6231 positioned at two sides of a through hole 6214, a piston rod of each shell clamping cylinder 6231 is connected with a suction disc mounting plate 6232, and a pair of vacuum suction discs 6233 are arranged on each suction disc mounting plate 6232; the battery cell guiding mechanism 624 comprises a pair of battery cell guiding support plates 6242 which are arranged on a pair of battery cell guiding slide rails 6241 in a sliding manner, the two battery cell guiding support plates 6242 are connected through a pair of folding cylinders 6243, the folding cylinders 6243 are fixed on one of the battery cell guiding support plates 6242, the end parts of the corresponding piston rods are fixedly connected on the other battery cell guiding support plate 6242, two opposite inner side angles of the two battery cell guiding support plates 6242 are provided with positioning concave platforms 6244, the middle layer mounting plate 6212 is provided with positioning convex platforms 6245 matched with the inner steps, and the battery cell guiding rods 6246 and the battery cell guiding wheels 6247 are arranged on the battery cell guiding support plates 6242 and are positioned at the periphery of the; the battery cell surface treatment mechanism 625 for treating surface dust and the auxiliary pusher 626 for pushing the battery cell to descend are mounted on the top layer mounting plate 6213, four groups of battery cell treatment cylinders 6251 of the battery cell surface treatment mechanism 625 are respectively mounted on piston rods of the four groups of battery cell treatment cylinders 6251, the auxiliary pusher 626 is placed on the auxiliary support 627, the auxiliary support 627 is fixed on the top layer mounting plate 6213, the auxiliary pusher 626 comprises three pushing rods 6262 connected to the bottom of a clamping part 6261, slot holes 6263 are formed between the three pushing rods 6262 at the bottom of the clamping part 6261, an arc-shaped groove 6271 matched with the pushing rods 6262 is formed in one side of the auxiliary support 627, a circular truncated cone 6272 matched with the slot holes 6263 is formed in the top of the auxiliary support 627, and the top of the circular truncated cone 6272 is processed to be.
When the battery cell box lifting device works, a battery cell material box fully loaded with a battery cell is lifted from a pallet to the upper-layer conveying mechanism 11 through a lifting appliance on the lifting frame; a chain wheel conveying mechanism 113 is used for pushing the battery cell box to slide to the lifting assembly 2 through a push rod 115 matched with a guide rod 118, the battery cell box is stopped at the tail part of the lifting plate 24 after being buffered under the action of the brake 28, and the positioning is completed under the action of the brake 28; the electric cores of the electric core material box are taken out one by the clamping manipulator 33 in the clamping assembly 3 and are conveyed to the temporary storage station 5112 for standby; loading the shell into a material box 412 for standby, rotating a shell dedusting rotary seat 423 to enable the front face of a shell dedusting clamping plate 425 to face upwards, loosening the shell dedusting clamping plate 425 through a shell dedusting clamping cylinder 424, controlling a pneumatic suction cup 432 to suck the shell from the material box 412 to the shell dedusting clamping plate 425 through a three-axis driver 431, clamping the shell through the shell dedusting clamping plate 425, controlling the shell dedusting rotary seat 423 to rotate by 90 degrees to enable an opening of the shell to face downwards, controlling a shell dedusting plate 426 to rise and extend into the shell, cleaning internal dust through an air jet hole 4261, after cleaning is finished, controlling the shell dedusting plate 426 to descend, controlling the shell dedusting rotary seat 423 to rotate by 180 degrees to enable the opening of the shell to face upwards, and waiting for loading of a battery cell; the scanned battery core is transferred into the battery core dust removing mechanism 52 by using the first grabbing manipulator 54, and is transferred into the battery core temporary storage frame 53 after dust removal, when the battery core is placed into the shell, the shell is transferred into the upper shell mechanism 622 from the shell dust removing mechanism 42 by using the second manipulator, the shell is sent into the through hole 6214 of the middle layer mounting plate 6212 by the upper shell mechanism 622 and is fixed on the upper part of the shell by using the shell positioning mechanism 623, the battery core is transferred into the battery core surface processing mechanism 625 from the temporary storage frame by using the first manipulator, and the battery core is pushed into the shell from the battery core surface processing mechanism 625 by using the auxiliary pusher 626 by using the second manipulator through the battery core guiding mechanism 624; after all the electric cores in the electric core material box are taken out, the lifting plate 24 is controlled to descend by the lifting assembly 2 and is level to the lower layer conveying mechanism 12; the brake 28 is unlocked, the recovery cylinder 291 is controlled to act, the battery cell magazine is pushed to enter the lower-layer conveying mechanism 12 through the recovery push plate 294, and after the battery cell magazine enters the lower-layer conveying mechanism 12, the lifting cylinder 263 of the auxiliary device 26 is matched with the driving oil cylinder 245 to control the lifting plate 24 to ascend to be flush with the upper-layer conveyor; the belt conveying mechanism 122 is used for conveying the no-load battery cell magazine out of the outlet, when the tail end of the battery cell magazine is close to the outlet, the separation cylinder 124 is controlled to work, the tail part of the battery cell magazine is jacked up to be separated from the belt conveying mechanism 122, and then the no-load battery cell magazine is removed or lifted; and hoisting the next battery cell material box to the upper-layer conveying mechanism 11, and repeating the process.
During operation, the chain wheel conveying mechanism 113 is matched with the push rod 115 and the guide rod 118 to push the battery cell magazine into the battery cell lifting assembly 2, the smoothness of the battery cell magazine is guaranteed under the action of the guide rod 118, and in order to reduce load pressure, the battery cell magazine is pushed in a mode of pushing by the push rod 115 (rather than directly acting by a conveyor belt or other similar power), so that the power requirement is reduced; the design of the side bent plate 1142 and the T-shaped push rod mounting seat 116 ensures that the power transmission between the push rod 115 and the chain wheel conveying mechanism 113 is more reliable, the structural strength is higher, and the stability is better; after the electric core in the electric core material box is taken out, the no-load electric core material box greatly reduces the conveying pressure while ensuring the conveying stability due to the weight of the electric core material box, and the belt conveying mechanism 122 is used for conveying the electric core material box, so that the belt and the electric core material box have better synchronism in the belt conveying process, and the inertia influence is relatively small; simultaneously because the mode that adopts the manual work to remove from or hoist takes out the electric core magazine, when electric core magazine afterbody was carried to the exit, in order to avoid lasting thrust when belt conveyor 122 carried to cause the impact to porter or hoist and injure the workman or influence the hoist and mount, through set up separation cylinder 124 in the exit with electric core magazine jack-up, make electric core magazine and belt conveyor 122 separation, and because electric core magazine is the idle load this moment, weight has alleviateed greatly, inertia is less relatively, the feasibility of this scheme has further been guaranteed, rationality.
In the in-service use process, because the electricity core of placing in the electricity core magazine, this has higher requirement to lifter plate 24's stability, because lift slide bar 22 is shaft-like structure, it is relatively poor as bearing structure stability, fix the bottom of lift slide bar 22 on bottom plate 21, and be connected with the top of lift slide bar 22 and fix connecting plate 23 on carrying frame 7, the overall stability of lift slide bar 22 has been improved, and then lifter plate 24's stability has been guaranteed, slide 25 through assembly pulley 251 slip set up on lift slide bar 22 and with the lifter, synchronizing shaft 243, the connected mode of synchronizing rod 244 has also improved the stability of connecting under the prerequisite of guaranteeing to go up and down smooth degree. In the process of the lifting action of the lifting plate 24, the limit bolt 262 of the auxiliary device 26 has a limit function, and in order to avoid the impact on the limit bolt 262 when the lifting plate 24 descends under the action of the driving oil cylinder 245, the impact on the limit bolt 262 by the lifting plate 24 is greatly reduced by arranging the buffer cylinder 264; meanwhile, when the lifting plate 24 descends to the lower limit position, because the moment relation is difficult when the lifting plate 24 is pushed to ascend by the extending piston rod of the driving oil cylinder 245 alone, the cooperation between the auxiliary jacking cylinder 263 and the driving oil cylinder 245 can be smoother; when the battery cell magazine is conveyed from the upper layer conveying mechanism 11 to the lifting plate 24, the rear end conveying guide roller 112 is locked by the brake 28 in the initial state, when the full-load battery cell magazine is conveyed from the upper layer conveying mechanism 11 to the lifting plate 24 under the action of the push rod 115, because the full-load battery cell magazine is heavy in weight and has larger inertia under the action of the push rod 115, if the battery cell magazine directly impacts on the limit baffle plate 27, the battery cell is greatly influenced by the inertia effect, therefore, the brake 28 is arranged beside the rear end conveying guide roller 112, the friction force between the brake plate 283 and the conveying guide roller 112 is adjusted by adjusting the pressure of the brake plate 283 by the brake 28, so that the rear conveying guide rollers 112 play a better buffering effect, meanwhile, after the battery cell magazine reaches the position, the brake plate 283 is controlled to completely lock the conveying guide roller 112, and the braked conveying guide rollers 112 can also ensure the front and back movement of the full-load battery cell magazine, therefore, the clamping precision and the clamping efficiency of the battery cell clamping assembly 3 are improved; when the cell magazine needs to be sent out after all the cells in the cell magazine are clamped, the brake 28 needs to be unlocked, and a felt plate can be pasted on the surface of the brake plate 283 in the brake 28 or the brake 28 is made of a material which can be conveniently changed along with pressure by using friction force, so that the function of the brake 28 is further ensured; when the unloaded cell magazine is pushed into the lower layer conveying mechanism 12, the piston rod is retracted through the recovery cylinder 291, and the cell magazine is pushed into the lower layer conveying mechanism 12 under the action of the recovery push plate 294.
The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, and based on the technical solutions disclosed in the present invention, those skilled in the art can make some substitutions and modifications to some technical features without creative efforts according to the disclosed technical contents, and these substitutions and modifications are all within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A full-automatic production system for a square battery cell casing is characterized by comprising a cell conveying assembly, a cell lifting assembly, a cell clamping assembly, a shell feeding assembly, a cell feeding assembly and a cell casing assembly;
the battery cell conveying assembly comprises an upper layer conveying mechanism and a lower layer conveying mechanism which are arranged at the front end of the conveying rack, the upper layer conveying mechanism is used for conveying a full-load battery cell material box, and the lower layer conveying mechanism is used for conveying an empty-load battery cell material box; the upper layer conveying mechanism comprises an upper supporting plate fixed on the conveying rack, two rows of conveying guide rollers are arranged on the top surface of the upper supporting plate, two sides of the upper supporting plate are provided with a chain wheel conveying mechanism, two conveying chains are arranged on the chain wheel conveying mechanism, a push rod is arranged between the two conveying chains, guide rod brackets are arranged on two sides of the conveying rack, guide rods are arranged on the inner sides of the guide rod brackets, the top of one pair of outer chain plates of the two conveying chains is provided with a side bending plate, the top of the side bending plate is fixed with a T-shaped push rod mounting seat, the two ends of the push rod are arranged in the push rod mounting seat, the lower layer conveying mechanism comprises a lower supporting plate fixed on the conveying rack, the top surface of the lower supporting plate is provided with a belt conveying mechanism, guide baffles are arranged on the conveying rack and positioned on two sides of the belt conveying mechanism, and a pair of separating cylinders are arranged on the conveying rack and positioned at an outlet of the belt conveying mechanism;
the cell lifting assembly is arranged inside the cell conveying assembly and is positioned at the rear end of the conveying rack, the cell lifting assembly is used for receiving a fully loaded cell magazine and positioning the fully loaded cell magazine to clamp cells from the cell magazine by the cell clamping assembly, after the cells are completely taken, an unloaded cell magazine descends and is conveyed into the lower-layer conveying mechanism, the cell lifting assembly comprises a bottom plate fixed at the bottom of the conveying rack, two pairs of lifting slide bars are installed on the bottom plate, the tops of the two pairs of lifting slide bars are connected with connecting plates fixed on the conveying rack, a lifting plate is arranged between the connecting plates, two rows of conveying guide rollers are installed on the top surface of the lifting plate, two pairs of sliding seats are fixed at the bottom of the lifting plate, the two pairs of sliding seats are arranged on the lifting slide bars in a sliding manner through pulley blocks, and two pairs of upper lifting, the bottom of each of the two pairs of upper lifting rods is correspondingly hinged with two pairs of lower lifting rods, the bottom of each of the two pairs of lower lifting rods is hinged on the bottom plate, hinged points between the two pairs of upper lifting rods and the two pairs of lower lifting rods are connected through a pair of synchronizing shafts, the pair of synchronizing shafts are connected through a pair of synchronizing rods, the bottom of the conveying rack is provided with a driving oil cylinder, and a piston rod of the driving oil cylinder is hinged with one synchronizing rod;
the battery cell clamping assembly comprises a battery cell clamping manipulator arranged at the rear end of the conveying rack and used for taking out a battery cell from a battery cell magazine and conveying the battery cell into the battery cell scanning part mechanism, a clamping support is arranged at the top of the rear end of the conveying rack, a three-axis driver is arranged at the top of the clamping support, and the battery cell clamping manipulator is arranged on the three-axis driver;
the shell feeding assembly comprises a material tray mechanism for storing the shell, a shell dedusting mechanism for removing impurities in the shell, and a sucker mechanism for taking the shell out of the material tray and transferring the shell to the shell dedusting mechanism; the feeding disc mechanism comprises a rotary disc arranged on a rack, two groups of material boxes are arranged on the rotary disc, square holes communicated with the bottoms of the material boxes are formed in the rotary disc, a jacking mechanism used for jacking inner shells of the material boxes from the square holes is arranged on the rack, the shell dust removing mechanism comprises a pair of shell dust removing support rods fixed on the rack, shell dust removing support seats are arranged on the shell dust removing support rods, a rotatable shell dust removing rotary seat is arranged between the two shell dust removing support seats, a shell dust removing clamping cylinder is fixedly arranged on the shell dust removing rotary seat, a pair of shell dust removing clamping plates are arranged on the shell dust removing clamping cylinder, a liftable shell dust removing plate is arranged on one side of each shell dust removing support rod, and a plurality; the sucking disc mechanism comprises a three-axis driver arranged on the rack, and a pneumatic sucking disc is arranged on the three-axis driver;
the battery cell loading assembly comprises a battery cell scanning mechanism for scanning battery cell data, a battery cell dedusting mechanism for removing impurities on the surface of the battery cell, a battery cell temporary storage frame for temporarily storing the battery cell after impurity removal, and a first grabbing manipulator for grabbing the battery cell to be transported among the battery cell scanning mechanism, the battery cell dedusting mechanism and the battery cell temporary storage frame, wherein the first grabbing manipulator also transports the battery cell into the battery cell casing assembly; the cell scanning mechanism comprises a scanner arranged beside a scanning box, two placing stations, namely a scanning station and a temporary storage station, are arranged in the scanning box, two locking cylinders are arranged in the scanning station, two through holes matched with the locking cylinders are formed in the side surfaces of the scanning station, and the two locking cylinders press two surfaces of a cell through piston rods to fix the cell in the scanning station;
the battery cell casing assembly comprises a second grabbing manipulator which is used for loading a battery cell into a casing and transferring the battery after casing entering to a to-be-detected area.
2. The full-automatic production system for the square battery cell casing according to claim 1, wherein a pair of auxiliary devices are arranged on the bottom plate between the two pairs of lower lifting rods and the two pairs of lifting slide rods, each auxiliary device comprises an auxiliary support fixed on the bottom plate, a limiting bolt, a jacking cylinder and a pair of buffer cylinders are mounted on each auxiliary support, limiting baffles are arranged on two sides, the rear end of each lifting plate and the rear end of the bottom plate, a brake is arranged beside a conveying guide roller at the rear end of each lifting plate, each brake comprises a brake cylinder fixed on a brake base, the end of each brake cylinder is connected with a brake plate, an arc-shaped concave surface matched with the conveying guide roller is processed on the end surface of each brake plate, a square hole is formed in the rear end of the middle of each lifting plate, a recovery mechanism is mounted at the bottom of each lifting plate, and each recovery mechanism comprises a recovery cylinder fixed at the bottom of each, the both sides of retrieving the cylinder are provided with retrieves the guide rail, it has the recovery seat to slide on the guide rail to retrieve, retrieves and installs the recovery push pedal that upwards stretches out from the square hole on the seat, retrieve the push pedal and link to each other with the piston rod of retrieving the cylinder.
3. The full-automatic production system for the square battery cell into the shell according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the cell shell assembly further comprises a shell entering mechanism, the second grabbing manipulator is used for grabbing and conveying the cell into the shell entering mechanism, the shell entering mechanism is used for loading the cell into the shell, the shell entering mechanism comprises a shell entering support frame fixed on the rack, the shell entering support frame comprises a bottom layer mounting plate, a middle layer mounting plate and a top layer mounting plate, through holes for the cell and the shell to pass through are formed in the middle layer mounting plate and the top layer mounting plate, an upper shell mechanism is mounted on the bottom layer mounting plate and used for conveying the shell into the lower part of the middle layer mounting plate and conveying the shell into the through holes of the middle layer mounting plate; the shell positioning mechanism is arranged below the cell guiding mechanism and comprises a vacuum chuck driven by a shell clamping cylinder, and the cell guiding mechanism comprises a pair of cell guiding rods and a pair of cell guiding wheels which are arranged on the middle-layer mounting plate; and the top mounting plate is provided with an electric core surface treatment mechanism for treating surface dust and an auxiliary pusher for pushing the electric core to descend.
4. The full-automatic production system of square battery electricity core income shell of claim 3, its characterized in that, epitheca mechanism includes the epitheca cylinder, install epitheca lift platform on the piston rod of epitheca cylinder, install epitheca slip table cylinder on the epitheca lift platform, install two epitheca clamping cylinder on the slip table of epitheca slip table cylinder, be connected with the epitheca clamping plate on the piston rod of two epitheca clamping cylinder, it installs the gag lever post to lie in middle level mounting panel below on the income shell support frame.
5. The full-automatic square battery cell casing production system according to claim 3, wherein the casing positioning mechanism comprises a pair of casing clamping cylinders located at two sides of the through hole, a sucker mounting plate is connected to a piston rod of each casing clamping cylinder, and a pair of vacuum suckers are mounted on the sucker mounting plate.
6. The full-automatic production system for the square battery cell casing according to claim 3, wherein the cell guide mechanism comprises a pair of cell guide support plates slidably disposed on a pair of cell guide slide rails, the two cell guide support plates are connected via a pair of folding cylinders fixed on one of the cell guide support plates, ends of corresponding piston rods are fixedly connected to the other cell guide support plate, two inner corners of the two opposite cell guide support plates are provided with positioning concave platforms, the middle mounting plate is provided with positioning bosses matched with the inner platforms, and the cell guide rods and the cell guide wheels are mounted on the cell guide support plates and located at peripheral positions of the through holes.
7. The full-automatic production system of square battery electric core entering shell of claim 3, characterized in that, four groups of electric core processing cylinders of the electric core surface processing mechanism, all install the rubber roll on the piston rod of four groups of electric core processing cylinders, supplementary pusher is placed on the auxiliary stand, the auxiliary stand is fixed on the top layer mounting panel, supplementary pusher is including connecting three propelling rods in the clamping part bottom, the bottom of clamping part is located and is provided with the slotted hole between three propelling rods, one side of auxiliary stand seted up with propelling rod complex arc wall, the top of auxiliary stand be provided with slotted hole complex round platform, the top processing of round platform is toper.
8. The full-automatic production system for the square battery cell into the shell according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the bottom of the shell dust-removing plate is mounted on a gas source seat communicated with the shell dust-removing plate, the bottom of the gas source seat is fixed on a piston rod of a shell dust-removing cylinder, the shell dust-removing cylinder is fixed on a rack, a groove is formed in the middle of the gas source seat, the shell dust-removing plate is arranged in the groove, a gap is formed between the inner circumferential surface of the groove and the shell dust-removing plate, and a vent hole is formed in a corresponding gap position on the gas source seat.
9. The full-automatic production system for putting the square battery cell into the shell according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the cell dedusting mechanism comprises an L-shaped fixing frame fixed on the frame, a static electricity eliminator is arranged beside the L-shaped fixing frame, a cell placing plate is installed at the vertical part of the L-shaped fixing frame, a dedusting sliding table cylinder is installed at the horizontal part of the L-shaped fixing frame, a dedusting box is fixedly installed on the sliding table of the dedusting sliding table cylinder, a pair of air injection pipes are installed on two sides of the top of the dedusting box, and a notch is formed in the top of the dedusting box.
CN202011410992.7A 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Full-automatic production system for square battery cell casing Pending CN112531196A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011410992.7A CN112531196A (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Full-automatic production system for square battery cell casing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011410992.7A CN112531196A (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Full-automatic production system for square battery cell casing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112531196A true CN112531196A (en) 2021-03-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011410992.7A Pending CN112531196A (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Full-automatic production system for square battery cell casing

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112531196A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117622801A (en) * 2024-01-23 2024-03-01 宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司 Naked electric core goes into shell production line and electric core production line

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117622801A (en) * 2024-01-23 2024-03-01 宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司 Naked electric core goes into shell production line and electric core production line

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