CN112474497A - American ginseng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good - Google Patents

American ginseng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112474497A
CN112474497A CN202011147518.XA CN202011147518A CN112474497A CN 112474497 A CN112474497 A CN 112474497A CN 202011147518 A CN202011147518 A CN 202011147518A CN 112474497 A CN112474497 A CN 112474497A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
american ginseng
water
tank
cleaning
motor
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011147518.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋胜
王琳
王文水
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Wendeng Jizhen Panax Quinquefolium Industry Co ltd
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Shandong Wendeng Jizhen Panax Quinquefolium Industry Co ltd
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Application filed by Shandong Wendeng Jizhen Panax Quinquefolium Industry Co ltd filed Critical Shandong Wendeng Jizhen Panax Quinquefolium Industry Co ltd
Priority to CN202011147518.XA priority Critical patent/CN112474497A/en
Publication of CN112474497A publication Critical patent/CN112474497A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/022Cleaning travelling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/06Cleaning involving contact with liquid using perforated drums in which the article or material is placed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration
    • B08B3/14Removing waste, e.g. labels, from cleaning liquid; Regenerating cleaning liquids

Abstract

The utility model relates to a cleaning performance is good American ginseng belt cleaning device, it includes the conveyer belt and washs the case, the conveyer belt is equipped with first motor, it is located the conveyer belt and is close to first motor department to wash the case, the both ends of wasing the case are equipped with feed inlet and discharge gate, it is equipped with the cylinder to wash incasement portion, it is equipped with the second motor to wash the case top, be equipped with the center pin in the cylinder, one side of wasing the case is equipped with the water tank, the water tank is equipped with the water pipe that links to each other with the center pin. When the American ginseng is cleaned, water flows out of the plurality of spraying groups and the spraying groups respectively while the American ginseng rotates, and the water is sprayed out of the spraying groups to soak and wash impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng; the water is sprayed out from the spraying group to wash the American ginseng; during the rotation of the American ginseng in the roller, the plurality of spraying groups and the plurality of spraying groups continuously carry out washing and rinsing on the American ginseng, so that impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng are fully cleaned, and the cleaning effect on the American ginseng is good.

Description

American ginseng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of American ginseng production and processing, in particular to an American ginseng cleaning device with a good cleaning effect.
Background
American ginseng is a perennial herb of Panax of Araliaceae. The American ginseng tea is bitter and slightly sweet in taste and cool in nature, has the effects of nourishing yin, tonifying qi, promoting the production of body fluid, quenching thirst, removing dysphoria, clearing deficient fire, strengthening healthy qi and resisting fatigue, and needs cleaning, drying, slicing and other procedures in the production and processing process of the American ginseng at present. Before the American ginseng is subjected to primary treatment, the surface of the American ginseng is provided with more impurities such as soil, dust and the like, and in order to improve the tidiness of the American ginseng, the American ginseng needs to be cleaned before subsequent drying operation is carried out.
The current chinese patent with publication number CN109028852A discloses a cleaning and drying device suitable for american ginseng, including bottom plate, washing pond, material lifting chamber, drying chamber, motor one, puddler, motor two, rotatory roller, transmission band, motor three, switch plate, heating block, heating wire and air-blower, the bottom plate sets up on the support, and be provided with the stand on the bottom plate, wash the pond setting on the bottom plate, material lifting chamber one end is connected with washing pond, the other end sets up on the stand, and be provided with the bearing on material lifting chamber, drying chamber sets up on the stand, and be provided with out feed bin, heating chamber on the drying chamber, the puddler set up on the transmission shaft.
Aiming at the related technologies, the inventor thinks that the American ginseng is placed in a cleaning tank in the using process of the device, a stirring rod rotates to stir and clean the American ginseng in the cleaning tank under the driving of a motor I, when the American ginseng is added into the cleaning tank, the surface of the American ginseng has more impurities such as soil, the soil falls off the American ginseng during stirring and cleaning, and after long-term stirring and cleaning, the cleaning tank becomes turbid and the impurities such as the soil cannot be kept stand; the American ginseng is promoted to the hoisting chamber and flows back water in the cleaning pool by the lifting plate, the turbidity degree of the cleaning pool is easily increased, and the cleaning effect on the American ginseng is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to improve the cleaning performance to the american ginseng, the application provides a good american ginseng belt cleaning device of cleaning performance.
The application provides a gen-seng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good adopts following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a cleaning performance's american ginseng belt cleaning device, include the conveyer belt and wash the case, the conveyer belt sets up with wasing the equal slope of case, the higher one end of conveyer belt height is equipped with first motor, it is located the conveyer belt and is close to first motor department to wash the case, the both ends of wasing the case are equipped with feed inlet and discharge gate, the conveyer belt is linked together with the feed inlet, it is equipped with the bar opening to wash under the case tip, it is equipped with the cylinder to wash incasement portion, a plurality of holes of permeating water have been seted up on the cylinder surface, it is equipped with driving drum pivoted second motor to wash the case top, be equipped with hollow center pin in the cylinder, a plurality of bracing pieces fixed with the cylinder inner wall of center pin both ends fixedly connected with, the center pin both ends all rotate with the washing case and are connected, the one side of was.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the cleaning device cleans the American ginseng, the first motor drives the conveyer belt to rotate, the American ginseng is conveyed to the feed inlet through the conveyer belt, the second motor drives the roller to rotate, the American ginseng falls into the roller from the conveyer belt, the American ginseng gradually moves towards one end of the discharge outlet while rotating along with the roller, and water flows into the central shaft from the water tank through the water pipe; when the American ginseng rotates, water respectively flows out of the plurality of spraying groups and the spraying groups, and when the water is sprayed out of the spraying groups, impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng are soaked and leached; when the water is sprayed out of the spraying group, the American ginseng is further washed; during the rotation of the American ginseng in the roller, the plurality of spraying groups and the plurality of spraying groups continuously carry out washing and rinsing on the American ginseng, so that impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng are fully cleaned, and the cleaning effect on the American ginseng is good.
Optionally, a flushing tank is arranged at one end, away from the first motor, of the conveying belt, the lower end of the conveying belt is located in the flushing tank, an inclined guide plate is fixedly arranged on the flushing tank, a feed hopper right opposite to the guide plate is fixedly arranged on the flushing tank, a plurality of small holes are formed in the guide plate, baffles are arranged on two sides of the guide plate, the lower end of the guide plate is located above the conveying belt and close to the conveying belt, a flushing pipe is connected to the water tank, one end, away from the water tank, of the flushing pipe is located above the guide plate, and a plurality of water outlet holes are formed.
By adopting the technical scheme, the American ginseng is poured from the feed hopper and falls onto the material guide plate, and the material guide plate is inclined to enable the American ginseng to move towards one end of the conveying belt; the water flows into the flushing pipe and flows out of the water outlet hole. The water leaches the American ginseng on the guide plate, soil with weak adhesive force on the American ginseng is washed down, the washing tank preliminarily leaches the American ginseng, the American ginseng can conveniently enter the washing tank to be washed for the second time, and the washing effect on the American ginseng can be improved.
It is optional, it is equipped with upper end open-ended precipitation box to wash case below, the precipitation box both ends are equipped with curb plate one and curb plate two that are parallel to each other, the inside baffle that has set firmly along length direction of edge of precipitation box, a plurality of round holes have been seted up to the baffle, the both ends of baffle are fixedly connected with riser one and riser two respectively, establish to unloading chamber one between riser one and the curb plate one, establish to unloading chamber two between riser two and the curb plate two, bar opening below is equipped with the arc of slope, the lower one end of arc height corresponds with unloading chamber one, flushing tank bottom surface slope sets up, the drain has been seted up to the tip under the flushing tank, drain corresponds with unloading chamber two, establish to the waste chamber between baffle and the precipitation box bottom surface, the precipitation box is connected with the.
By adopting the technical scheme, water and soil impurities flowing out of the roller fall onto the arc-shaped plate through the strip-shaped through hole, and then flow into the waste material cavity through the first blanking cavity; water and soil in the flushing tank flow into the second discharging cavity through the sewage draining outlet and then flow into the waste material cavity through the discharging cavity; water and earth flow to the waste material intracavity, and the earth impurity that is difficult for being dissolved in water directly sinks to the waste material intracavity, and most impurity such as earth can stay in the waste material intracavity under the separation effect of baffle, can not make the water in the setting tank become comparatively muddy, and the water in the region above the baffle is comparatively limpid, and comparatively clear water realizes circulating water supply to wash comparatively energy-concerving and environment-protective to the American ginseng in the water tank that flows back through the transfer line again.
Optionally, the jetting group comprises a plurality of jetting heads arranged at equal angles, and the caliber of one end of each jetting head far away from the central shaft is smaller than that of the other end close to the central shaft; the spray set comprises a plurality of spray heads arranged at equal angles, the spray heads are in a round table shape and are fixedly connected with the central shaft, the caliber of one end, far away from the central shaft, of each spray head is larger than that of one end, close to the central shaft, of each spray head, a cross rod is arranged in each spray head, and the middle of each cross rod is rotatably connected with a helical blade.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the water is sprayed out of the spray head, the caliber of the spray head is gradually reduced, and the water has certain impact force when being sprayed out, so that impurities such as soil with strong adhesive force on the American ginseng can be washed down; when water is sprayed out of the spray head, the water drives the helical blades to rotate, the water spraying range is enlarged, the American ginseng is contacted with the water more sufficiently, and the washing effect on the American ginseng is better.
Optionally, the output end of the second motor is fixedly connected with a first chain wheel, one end of the central shaft close to the feed inlet is fixedly connected with a second chain wheel, a chain is arranged between the first chain wheel and the second chain wheel, the cleaning box is close to a protective cover fixedly connected with the second motor, the second chain wheel is located inside the protective cover, and one end of the protective cover far away from the second motor is rotatably connected with the central shaft.
By adopting the technical scheme, the second motor drives the first chain wheel to rotate, and the first chain wheel and the second chain wheel are both rotationally connected with the chain, so that the second chain wheel rotates, and further the rotation of the roller is realized; the protective cover plays a role in protecting the chain and the second chain wheel, can prevent the chain and the second chain wheel from rusting and corroding, and is favorable for normal rotation of the roller and normal cleaning of American ginseng.
Optionally, a plurality of soft boards of dialling of center pin fixedly connected with, cylinder inner wall fixedly connected with spiral delivery vane, the water tank was kept away from to the water pipe one end has set firmly the adapter, and the adapter passes and washs in the case wall thickness inserts the center pin.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the American ginseng rotates along with the roller, the soft shifting plate shifts and stirs the American ginseng, so that the frequency of turning the American ginseng is accelerated, and the cleaning effect of the spraying group and the spraying group on the American ginseng is improved; the spiral conveying blades prolong the cleaning time of the American ginseng in the roller, and are beneficial to improving the cleaning effect of the American ginseng; the adapter is inserted into the central shaft, and the water pipe supplies water to the central shaft while the central shaft rotates, so that normal cleaning of the American ginseng is facilitated.
Optionally, an inclined drying chamber is arranged between the discharge port and the collecting box, the lower end of the drying chamber is communicated with the collecting box, an air blower is fixedly connected above the drying chamber, an air outlet pipe of the air blower is communicated with the inside of the drying chamber, a heating chamber is arranged on the outer wall of the drying chamber, and a plurality of heating pipes are arranged in the heating chamber.
By adopting the technical scheme, the American ginseng flowing out of the discharge hole enters the drying chamber, and the air generated by the air blower blows the American ginseng in the drying chamber, so that the flow of water drops on the surface of the American ginseng is accelerated; the heat generated by the heating pipe is transferred into the drying chamber, so that the dehydration and drying of the American ginseng can be accelerated, and the American ginseng can be stored in the subsequent process.
Optionally, the setting tank sets firmly the filter screen, and the filter screen is parallel with the baffle and is located directly over the baffle, and tip articulates has the lid door corresponding with the waste material chamber under the setting tank.
By adopting the technical scheme, the filter screen can further block soil impurities passing through the circular holes, so that the clarity of water in the area above the partition plate is improved, and the cleaning effect of American ginseng is improved; can be with the water evacuation in the setting tank, open the earth impurity of lid door discharge waste material intracavity, be convenient for ensure the continuous use of setting tank.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. when the American ginseng rotates, water respectively flows out of the plurality of spraying groups and the spraying groups, and when the water is sprayed out of the spraying groups, impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng are soaked and leached; when the water is sprayed out of the spraying group, the American ginseng is further washed; during the rotation of the American ginseng in the roller, the plurality of spraying groups and the plurality of spraying groups continuously carry out washing and rinsing on the American ginseng, so that impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng are fully cleaned, and the cleaning effect on the American ginseng is good;
2. the water flows into the flushing pipe and flows out of the water outlet hole. The water leaches the American ginseng on the guide plate, soil with weak adhesive force on the American ginseng is washed down, the washing tank preliminarily leaches the American ginseng, the American ginseng can conveniently enter the washing tank to be washed for the second time, and the washing effect on the American ginseng can be improved;
3. water and earth in washing case and the flush tank flow to the waste material intracavity, are difficult for being dissolved in the earth impurity of water and directly sink to the waste material intracavity, and most impurity such as earth can stay in the waste material intracavity under the separation effect of baffle, can not make the water in the settling tank become comparatively muddy, and the water in the baffle top region is comparatively limpid, and in comparatively clear water returned the water tank through the transfer line, the realization circulated water supply washs the american ginseng, comparatively energy-concerving and environment-protective.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an overall structure of an american ginseng cleaning device with a good cleaning effect according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an american ginseng cleaning apparatus with a good cleaning effect according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 3 is a schematic sectional view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a schematic sectional view of part B of fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the head.
Description of reference numerals: 1. a conveyor belt; 2. a cleaning tank; 3. a first motor; 4. a feed inlet; 5. a discharge port; 6. a strip-shaped through opening; 7. a drum; 8. water permeable holes; 9. a second motor; 10. a central shaft; 11. a support bar; 12. a water tank; 13. a water pipe; 14. a spray group; 15. a spraying group; 16. a collection box; 17. a flushing tank; 18. a material guide plate; 19. a feed hopper; 20. a small hole; 21. a baffle plate; 22. a flush tube; 24. a settling tank; 25. a first side plate; 26. a second side plate; 27. a partition plate; 28. a circular hole; 29. a first vertical plate; 30. a second vertical plate; 31. a first discharging cavity; 32. a feeding cavity II; 33. an arc-shaped plate; 34. a sewage draining outlet; 35. a waste chamber; 36. a transfusion tube; 37. an injector head; 38. a spray head; 39. a cross bar; 40. a helical blade; 41. a first sprocket; 42. a second sprocket; 43. a chain; 44. a protective cover; 45. a soft shifting plate; 46. a screw conveying blade; 47. an adapter; 48. a drying chamber; 49. a blower; 50. a heating cavity; 51. a filter screen; 52. covering the door; 53. heating the tube.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The embodiment of the application discloses an American ginseng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1, a American ginseng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good, including conveyer belt 1 and washing case 2, conveyer belt 1 sets up with washing 2 equal slopes of case, 1 high higher one end of conveyer belt is equipped with first motor 3, it is close to first motor 3 department to wash case 2 to be located conveyer belt 1, the both ends of wasing case 2 are equipped with feed inlet 4 and discharge gate 5, conveyer belt 1 is linked together with feed inlet 4, belt cleaning device is when wasing the American ginseng, conveyer belt 1 rotates under first motor 3's drive, put into the American ginseng from 1 high lower one end of conveyer belt, feed inlet 4 is located the one end of wasing case 2 and being close to first motor 3, the American ginseng transports the feed inlet 4 department of wasing case 2 from the low department through conveyer belt 1.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, wash 2 inside cylinders 7 that are equipped with of case, 2 length direction settings along wasing 2 of case are followed to cylinder 7, wash 2 tops of case and be equipped with driving roller 7 pivoted second motor 9, second motor 9 drives and washs 7 rotations in the case 2, the american ginseng falls from conveyer belt 1 and washs 2 inside cylinders 7, discharge gate 5 is located the one end of wasing case 2 and keeping away from feed inlet 4, the american ginseng removes to discharge gate 5 one end gradually because gravity factor when following cylinder 7 pivoted.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, a hollow central shaft 10 is installed in the drum 7, the central shaft 10 is installed in the drum 7 and is arranged along the length direction of the drum 7, a plurality of support rods 11 fixed with the inner wall of the drum 7 are fixedly connected to two ends of the central shaft 10, both ends of the central shaft 10 are rotatably connected to the cleaning tank 2, a water tank 12 is arranged on one side of the cleaning tank 2, hydraulic pumps are installed on two sides of the water tank 12, a water pipe 13 connected to the central shaft 10 is arranged on the water tank 12, water in the water tank 12 flows into the central shaft 10 through the water pipe 13 under the driving of the hydraulic pumps, a plurality of spraying groups 14 and a plurality of spraying groups 15 are fixedly arranged on the central shaft 10 along the axial direction, and American ginseng in the drum 7 rotates while water in the central shaft 10 flows out from the plurality of spraying groups.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, when water is sprayed out from the spraying group 15 (refer to fig. 3), the spraying group 15 (refer to fig. 3) comprises a plurality of spray heads 38 which are arranged at equal angles, the spray heads 38 are in a circular truncated cone shape and are fixedly connected with the central shaft 10, the spraying to the American ginseng is relatively divergent, and impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng can be soaked and rinsed. The diameter of the end of the nozzle 38 far from the central shaft 10 is larger than that of the end near the central shaft 10, and when water is sprayed out of the nozzle 38, the water pressure when the water is sprayed out is reduced compared with the water pressure when the water flows in the central shaft 10; the cross rod 39 is arranged in the spray head 38, the spiral blade 40 is rotatably connected to the middle of the cross rod 39, the spiral blade 40 on the cross rod 39 can be driven to rotate by the pressure of water, the water spraying range is enlarged, the western water is fully contacted, and the washing effect on the American ginseng is better.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the spray group 14 includes a plurality of spray heads 37 arranged at equal angles, the diameter of the spray head 37 at the end far from the central axis 10 is smaller than the diameter of the spray head at the end near the central axis 10, the diameter of the spray head 37 gradually decreases when water is sprayed from the spray head 37, and the water pressure at the time of water spraying increases as compared with the water pressure at the time of water flowing in the central axis 10. The pressure of the water sprayed out of the spraying group 14 is higher, and the water is in a shape of a cylinder and has certain impact force when sprayed out, so that the impact force on the American ginseng is stronger, the American ginseng in the roller 7 is further washed, and impurities such as soil with stronger adhesive force on the American ginseng can be washed off; in the process that the American ginseng moves from the feed inlet 4 (refer to fig. 2) to the discharge outlet 5 (refer to fig. 2) in the roller 7 (refer to fig. 2), the plurality of spraying groups 14 and the plurality of spraying groups 15 continuously wash and flush the American ginseng, so that impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng can be fully washed, and the cleaning effect on the American ginseng is good.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, a plurality of water permeable holes 8 are formed in the surface of the drum 7, impurities such as water, soil and the like which are washed and washed fall through the water permeable holes 8 in the drum 7, a strip-shaped through opening 6 is formed in the lower end of the cleaning box 2, and the impurities are discharged to the outside of the cleaning box 17 through the strip-shaped through opening 6; the side of the cleaning box 2 close to the discharge port 5 is provided with a collecting box 16, and the American ginseng moves into the collecting box 16 through the discharge port 5 to be collected.
Referring to fig. 2 and 4, the output end of the second motor 9 is fixedly connected with a first chain wheel 41, one end of the central shaft 10 close to the feed inlet 4 is fixedly connected with a second chain wheel 42, a chain 43 is arranged between the first chain wheel 41 and the second chain wheel 42, when the drum 7 rotates, the second motor 9 drives the first chain wheel 41 to rotate, the first chain wheel 41 and the second chain wheel 42 are both connected with the chain 43 in a rotating manner, so that the second chain wheel 42 on the central shaft 10 rotates, the central shaft 10 is fixed with the inner wall of the drum 7 through the support rods 11 at the two ends, and the rotation of the drum 7 is realized.
Referring to fig. 2 and 4, the washing box 2 is close to the fixedly connected with protection casing 44 of second motor 9, the second sprocket 42 is located inside the protection casing 44, the one end that the second motor 9 was kept away from to the protection casing 44 rotates with the center pin 10 and is connected, the protection casing 44 plays the guard action to the chain 43 and the second sprocket 42 that are located washing box 2 inside, can prevent water and chain 43, the contact of second chain 43, and then can prevent that chain 43 and second sprocket 42 from taking place rust and corruption phenomenon, be convenient for guarantee the normal rotation of cylinder 7 and the washing to the american ginseng, the life of chain 43 and second chain 43 has been prolonged.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, a plurality of soft boards 45 of dialling of center pin 10 fixedly connected with, soft board 45 of dialling adopts soft rubber material, can not cause the damage to the American ginseng surface at the rotation in-process, be convenient for ensure the quality of American ginseng itself, when the American ginseng rotates along with cylinder 7 in cylinder 7, soft board 45 of dialling stirs the American ginseng in the cylinder 7, can accelerate the frequency of American ginseng upset, be favorable to improving and spray group 14 and spray the cleaning performance of group 15 to the American ginseng.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the inner wall of the drum 7 is fixedly connected with a spiral conveying blade 46, and the spiral conveying blade 46 can slow down the speed of the American ginseng moving from the feed inlet 4 (refer to fig. 2) to one end of the discharge outlet 5 in the drum 7, prolong the cleaning time of the American ginseng in the drum 7 and be beneficial to improving the cleaning effect of the American ginseng; water pipe 13 adopts stainless steel, and water pipe 13 is kept away from the one end of wasing case 2 and is fixed with water tank 12, and the one end that water tank 12 was kept away from to water pipe 13 has set firmly adapter 47, and adapter 47 passes and washs 2 wall thickness of case and inserts in the center pin 10, realizes that center pin 10 water pipe 13 supplies water to center pin 10 when the pivoted, is convenient for guarantee to spray group 14 and spray the normal washing of group 15 to the american ginseng.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a flushing tank 17 is arranged at one end of the conveying belt 1 far away from the first motor 3, the lower end of the conveying belt 1 is positioned in the flushing tank 17, an inclined material guide plate 18 is fixedly arranged on the flushing tank 17, the lower end of the material guide plate 18 is positioned above the conveying belt 1 and close to the conveying belt 1, the material guide plate 18 is arranged in an inclined manner so that American ginseng can move to one end of the conveying belt 1 on the material guide plate 18, a feeding hopper 19 opposite to the material guide plate 18 is fixedly arranged on the flushing tank 17, picked American ginseng is poured into the conveying belt from the feeding hopper 19, and the American ginseng falls onto the material guide plate 18; the baffles 21 are arranged at two sides of the material guide plate 18, the surface of the American ginseng has a large amount of soil, and the baffles 21 at two sides of the material guide plate 18 can prevent the American ginseng from falling into the washing tank 17.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the water tank 12 is connected with a flushing pipe 22, water in the water tank 12 flows into the flushing pipe 22 from the water tank 12 under the action of a hydraulic pump, one end, far away from the water tank 12, of the flushing pipe 22 is located above the material guide plate 18, a plurality of water outlet holes are formed in the lower portion of the flushing pipe 22, the water flows out of the water outlet holes to preliminarily wash the American ginseng on the material guide plate 18, meanwhile, the American ginseng can move towards one end of the conveying belt 1 conveniently, soil with weak adhesive force on the American ginseng is washed down by the water, a plurality of small holes 20 are formed in the material guide plate 18, and the water and the. The washing tank 17 is used for washing the American ginseng primarily to wash down soil with weak surface adhesion, so that the subsequent American ginseng can enter the washing tank 2 for secondary washing, and the washing effect on the American ginseng can be improved.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, wash 2 below and be equipped with upper end open-ended precipitation box 24, precipitation box 24 both ends are equipped with curb plate one 25 and curb plate two 26 that are parallel to each other, precipitation box 24 is inside to have set firmly baffle 27 along length direction, the both ends of baffle 27 are fixedly connected with riser one 29 and riser two 30 respectively, establish to unloading chamber one 31 between riser one 29 and the curb plate one 25, bar opening 6 below is equipped with the arc 33 of slope, water and the earth impurity that flow out in the cylinder 7 fall on the arc 33 through bar opening 6, the lower one end of arc 33 height corresponds with unloading chamber one 31, water and earth impurity flow to unloading chamber one 31 between riser one 29 and curb plate one 25 in through the arc 33 of slope again, establish to waste chamber 35 between baffle 27 and the precipitation box 24 bottom surface, water and earth impurity flow to waste chamber 35 through unloading chamber one 31 again.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the bottom surface of the flushing tank 17 is obliquely arranged, a sewage discharge port 34 is formed in the lower end portion of the flushing tank 17, a blanking cavity II 32 is formed between the vertical plate II 30 and the side plate II 26, the sewage discharge port 34 corresponds to the blanking cavity II 32, water and soil in the flushing tank 17 flow into the blanking cavity II 32 between the vertical plate II 30 and the side plate II 26 through the sewage discharge port 34 and flow into the waste material cavity 35 through the blanking cavity II 32, and the water and the soil flow into the waste material cavity 35 from the blanking cavity I31 and the blanking cavity II 32.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, water and soil directly flow into the waste material cavity 35 through the first discharging cavity 31 and the second discharging cavity 32, soil impurities which are not easy to dissolve in water can directly sink into the waste material cavity 35, the turbidity degree of water in the settling tank 24 can be reduced, most of the impurities such as soil can be remained in the waste material cavity 35 under the blocking effect of the partition plate 27, and the water in the settling tank 24 cannot become relatively turbid. Baffle 27 plays the separation effect to the earth of aquatic, and baffle 27 can stop earth and remove to baffle 27 top, and water and a small amount of earth remove baffle 27 top through round hole 28, and a plurality of round holes 28 have been seted up to baffle 27, and the time that earth passes through the sediment behind the round hole 28 is also very fast, can fall on baffle 27 again or fall waste material chamber 35 in, and the time of stewing is shorter.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the water in the region above the partition 27 is relatively clear, and the settling tank 24 is connected to a liquid delivery line 36, the liquid delivery line 36 being in communication with the water tank 12. The position of transfer line 36 in setting tank 24 is located the baffle 27 top, and in the comparatively clear water of baffle 27 top returned water tank 12 through transfer line 36 again, realize that the circulation supplies water and wash the american ginseng, comparatively energy-concerving and environment-protective.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a filter screen 51 is fixedly installed on the settling tank 24, the filter screen 51 is parallel to the partition plate 27 and is located right above the partition plate 27, the filter screen 51 can further block soil impurities passing through the circular holes 28, the clarity of water in an area above the partition plate 27 is further improved, the amount of soil entering the water tank 12 is reduced, and the cleaning effect of the American ginseng is further improved; the lower tip of setting tank 24 articulates there is the lid door 52 corresponding with waste material chamber 35, can be regularly with the water evacuation in the setting tank 24, rotates the locking handle on the lid door 52 and opens lid door 52, discharges the earth impurity in the waste material chamber 35, is convenient for ensure the continuous use of setting tank 24.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the water content in the American ginseng has a direct influence on the storage time of the American ginseng, an inclined drying chamber 48 is arranged between the discharge port 5 and the collection box 16, the lower end of the drying chamber 48 is communicated with the collection box 16, the American ginseng coming out of the discharge port 5 enters the drying chamber 48, a blower 49 is fixedly connected above the drying chamber 48, an air outlet pipe of the blower 49 is communicated with the inside of the drying chamber 48, and air generated by the blower 49 blows the American ginseng in the drying chamber 48, so that the water drops on the surface of the American ginseng can be accelerated to flow away; heating chamber 50 is equipped with to the drying chamber 48 outer wall, is equipped with a plurality of heating pipes 53 in the heating chamber 50, and in the heat transfer that heating pipe 53 produced to drying chamber 48, air-blower 49 was bloied to the gen-seng simultaneously, can accelerate the dehydration of gen-seng dry, is convenient for the subsequent storage to the gen-seng.
The embodiment of the application provides an American ginseng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good's implementation principle does: when the American ginseng cleaning device cleans the American ginseng, the American ginseng is poured from a feed hopper 19 of the flushing box 17, the American ginseng is preliminarily rinsed, and soil with weak surface adhesion is flushed; the conveying belt 1 rotates under the driving of the first motor 3, American ginseng is put from the lower end of the conveying belt 1 and conveyed to the feed inlet 4 of the cleaning box 2, the second motor 9 drives the roller 7 in the cleaning box 2 to rotate, the American ginseng falls into the roller 7 from the conveying belt 1 and moves to one end of the discharge outlet 5 while rotating along with the roller 7; water flows from the water tank 12 to the inside of the central shaft 10 through the water pipe 13, the American ginseng in the roller 7 rotates, and simultaneously the water flows out from the plurality of spraying groups 14 and the spraying groups 15 respectively, when the water is sprayed out from the spraying groups 15, the spraying to the American ginseng is more divergent, and impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng can be soaked and leached; the pressure is higher when water is sprayed out from the spraying groups 14, the impact force on the American ginseng is stronger, the American ginseng can be further washed, impurities with stronger surface adhesion force on the American ginseng are washed away, the plurality of spraying groups 14 and the spraying groups 15 continuously wash and wash the American ginseng, the impurities such as soil on the surface of the American ginseng are more fully washed away, and the washing effect on the American ginseng is better.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the protection scope of the present application is not limited by the above embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a washing effect is good American ginseng belt cleaning device which characterized in that: comprises a conveying belt (1) and a cleaning box (2), wherein the conveying belt (1) and the cleaning box (2) are obliquely arranged, a first motor (3) is arranged at the higher end of the conveying belt (1), the cleaning box (2) is positioned at the position, close to the first motor (3), of the conveying belt (1), a feed inlet (4) and a discharge outlet (5) are arranged at the two ends of the cleaning box (2), the conveying belt (1) is communicated with the feed inlet (4), a strip-shaped through hole (6) is arranged at the lower end of the cleaning box (2), a roller (7) is arranged inside the cleaning box (2), a plurality of water permeable holes (8) are formed in the surface of the roller (7), a second motor (9) for driving the roller (7) to rotate is arranged above the cleaning box (2), a hollow central shaft (10) is arranged in the roller (7), a plurality of support rods (11) fixed with, center pin (10) both ends all rotate with wasing case (2) and be connected, and one side of wasing case (2) is equipped with water tank (12), and water tank (12) are equipped with water pipe (13) that link to each other with center pin (10), and center pin (10) have set firmly a plurality of injection groups (14) and a plurality of group (15) that spray along the axial, and the one side of wasing case (2) and being close to discharge gate (5) is equipped with collecting box (16).
2. The American ginseng cleaning device with good cleaning effect as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the washing machine is characterized in that a washing tank (17) is arranged at one end, far away from a first motor (3), of the conveying belt (1), the lower end of the conveying belt (1) is located in the washing tank (17), a guide plate (18) inclined is fixedly arranged on the washing tank (17), a feeding hopper (19) right opposite to the guide plate (18) is fixedly arranged on the washing tank (17), a plurality of small holes (20) are formed in the guide plate (18), baffle plates (21) are arranged on two sides of the guide plate (18), the lower end of the guide plate (18) is located above the conveying belt (1) and close to the conveying belt (1), a washing pipe (22) is connected to the water tank (12), one end, far away from the water tank (12), of the washing pipe (22) is located above the guide plate (18), and a plurality of water.
3. The American ginseng cleaning device with good cleaning effect as claimed in claim 2, wherein: a settling tank (24) with an upper end opening is arranged below the cleaning tank (2), a first side plate (25) and a second side plate (26) which are parallel to each other are arranged at two ends of the settling tank (24), a partition plate (27) is fixedly arranged in the settling tank (24) along the length direction, a plurality of round holes (28) are formed in the partition plate (27), a first vertical plate (29) and a second vertical plate (30) are fixedly connected at two ends of the partition plate (27) respectively, a first blanking cavity (31) is arranged between the first vertical plate (29) and the first side plate (25), a second blanking cavity (32) is arranged between the second vertical plate (30) and the second side plate (26), an inclined arc-shaped plate (33) is arranged below the strip-shaped through hole (6), one end of the arc-shaped plate (33) with a lower height corresponds to the first blanking cavity (31), the bottom surface of the cleaning tank (17) is inclined and arranged, a drain outlet (34) is, a waste material cavity (35) is arranged between the partition plate (27) and the bottom surface of the settling tank (24), the settling tank (24) is connected with a liquid conveying pipe (36), and the liquid conveying pipe (36) is communicated with the water tank (12).
4. The American ginseng cleaning device with good cleaning effect as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the spraying group (14) comprises a plurality of spraying heads (37) which are arranged at equal angles, and the caliber of one end, far away from the central shaft (10), of each spraying head (37) is smaller than that of one end, close to the central shaft (10); the spraying group (15) comprises a plurality of spray heads (38) which are arranged at equal angles, the spray heads (38) are in a circular truncated cone shape and are fixedly connected with the central shaft (10), the caliber of one end, far away from the central shaft (10), of each spray head (38) is larger than that of one end, close to the central shaft (10), of each spray head, a cross rod (39) is arranged in each spray head (38), and the middle of each cross rod (39) is rotatably connected with a helical blade (40).
5. The American ginseng cleaning device with good cleaning effect as claimed in claim 1, wherein: second motor (9) output fixedly connected with first sprocket (41), one end fixedly connected with second sprocket (42) that feed inlet (4) are close to in center pin (10), be equipped with chain (43) between first sprocket (41) and second sprocket (42), wash case (2) and be close to fixedly connected with protection casing (44) of second motor (9) department, second sprocket (42) are located inside protection casing (44), the one end that second motor (9) were kept away from in protection casing (44) rotates with center pin (10) and is connected.
6. The American ginseng cleaning device with good cleaning effect as claimed in claim 1, wherein: center pin (10) a plurality of soft boards (45) of dialling of fixedly connected with, cylinder (7) inner wall fixedly connected with spiral delivery vane (46), the one end that water tank (12) were kept away from in water pipe (13) has set firmly adapter (47), and adapter (47) pass and wash case (2) wall thickness and insert in center pin (10).
7. The American ginseng cleaning device with good cleaning effect as claimed in claim 1, wherein: be equipped with drying chamber (48) of slope between discharge gate (5) and collecting box (16), the lower one end of drying chamber (48) height is linked together with collecting box (16), drying chamber (48) top fixedly connected with air-blower (49), air-blower (49) play tuber pipe is linked together with drying chamber (48) inside, and drying chamber (48) outer wall is equipped with heating chamber (50), is equipped with a plurality of heating pipes (53) in heating chamber (50).
8. The American ginseng cleaning device with good cleaning effect of claim 3, wherein: the sedimentation tank (24) is fixedly provided with a filter screen (51), the filter screen (51) is parallel to the partition plate (27) and is positioned right above the partition plate (27), and the lower end part of the sedimentation tank (24) is hinged with a cover door (52) corresponding to the waste cavity (35).
CN202011147518.XA 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 American ginseng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good Pending CN112474497A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN109028852A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-12-18 彭波 A kind of clearing and drying device suitable for American Ginseng
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CN111299261A (en) * 2019-12-14 2020-06-19 吉林汇参堂中药饮片科技有限公司 Ginseng cleaning method
CN210809214U (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-06-23 龙口市汇源果蔬有限公司 Apple belt cleaning device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105780848A (en) * 2014-12-20 2016-07-20 天津市琪源顺钢铁贸易有限公司 Rain and snow water collection apparatus
CN205962745U (en) * 2016-06-18 2017-02-22 南安市君诚农机有限公司 Drum -type sweet potato belt cleaning device
CN205926406U (en) * 2016-07-15 2017-02-08 天津顺德混凝土工程有限公司 Grit cleaning equipment
CN206824256U (en) * 2017-02-22 2018-01-02 普洱市思茅区润雨农业科技开发有限公司 Tumbling-box type medicine-washing machine
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN116921322A (en) * 2023-09-19 2023-10-24 吉林农业科技学院 Red ginseng apparatus for producing with clean function
CN116921322B (en) * 2023-09-19 2023-11-28 吉林农业科技学院 Red ginseng apparatus for producing with clean function

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