CN111299261A - Ginseng cleaning method - Google Patents

Ginseng cleaning method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111299261A
CN111299261A CN201911286574.9A CN201911286574A CN111299261A CN 111299261 A CN111299261 A CN 111299261A CN 201911286574 A CN201911286574 A CN 201911286574A CN 111299261 A CN111299261 A CN 111299261A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ginseng
roller
soil
vibrating
conveying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911286574.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨厚义
康红灯
陈盛骞
姚友才
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jilin Huishentang Herbal Medicine Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Jilin Huishentang Herbal Medicine Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jilin Huishentang Herbal Medicine Technology Co ltd filed Critical Jilin Huishentang Herbal Medicine Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201911286574.9A priority Critical patent/CN111299261A/en
Publication of CN111299261A publication Critical patent/CN111299261A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B7/00Cleaning by methods not provided for in a single other subclass or a single group in this subclass
    • B08B7/02Cleaning by methods not provided for in a single other subclass or a single group in this subclass by distortion, beating, or vibration of the surface to be cleaned
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/022Cleaning travelling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/06Cleaning involving contact with liquid using perforated drums in which the article or material is placed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration

Abstract

A method for cleaning ginseng includes such steps as pouring ginseng on vibrating sieve plate, moving vibrating sieve plate and supporting frame by eccentric motor to remove soil, conveying it to immersing pool, washing ginseng by air tube to lift it, high-pressure flushing by spraying water tube, spraying it in drum, conveying it from one end to another end, flushing the surface of ginseng by multiple flushing holes, washing it again, dropping it onto the second conveying belt of object carrying part, moving ginseng on the second conveying belt, and drying by blower, and entering and exiting manual selection and classification.

Description

Ginseng cleaning method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of ginseng processing, in particular to a ginseng cleaning method.
Background
The ginseng has soil after being dug out from the land, and the ginseng is generally eaten by people, and the soil is directly washed away by clean water, but if the ginseng is processed in industrial production, the ginseng needs to be washed by a machine due to large quantity, and the initial vibration soil removal is preferably carried out before the washing, so that the later washing is also convenient, therefore, the invention aims to provide the vibrating conveying sieve for the automatic ginseng washing equipment, the soil on the outer surface of the ginseng is subjected to initial soil removal operation, part of the soil can still remain on the outer surface after the rough machining vibration soil removal, the soil on the outer surface of the ginseng can be finely processed after the soil on the outer surface of the ginseng is removed, and the ginseng is made into punching sheets or powder, most of the traditional ginseng washing adopts a soaking method, but the problems of partial soil remaining at the contact part of the ginseng and incomplete soil removal exist in the pure soaking, and the subsequent processing cannot be carried out, because of impurities, unsanitary and even tooth-up phenomenon can be caused during drinking.
After the ginseng is cleaned, part of water can be remained on the surface of the ginseng, and if the water on the outer surface of the ginseng is adsorbed on the outer surface of the ginseng for a long time, the ginseng can be rotten, so that the water on the outer surface of the ginseng needs to be dried in the air, and the dried ginseng is manually selected and classified in the later period.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a ginseng cleaning method for solving the problems in the background technology.
A method for cleaning ginseng comprises the steps that cleaning equipment comprises a vibrating conveying sieve, a bubble soaking conveying tank, a cleaning roller and an air drying device, wherein the vibrating conveying sieve, the bubble soaking conveying tank, the cleaning roller and the air drying device are sequentially connected;
the vibrating screen comprises a vibrating support, a plurality of springs, a vibrating screen plate, an eccentric motor and a support frame, wherein the support frame is connected to the upper end of the vibrating support through the springs;
the bubble soaking conveying groove comprises a soaking frame main body, a spraying device, a transmission device and a bubble generating device, wherein the spraying device is arranged at the upper end of the soaking frame main body, the transmission device is arranged in the soaking frame main body, and the bubble generating device is arranged in the soaking frame main body at the lower end of the transmission device;
the soaking frame main body comprises a soaking pool and a lifting bracket, and the lifting bracket is connected with one end of the soaking pool;
the spraying device comprises a plurality of spraying water pipes, the plurality of spraying water pipes are arranged on the lifting support, and a plurality of spraying water outlets are formed in the positions, facing the working end of the ginseng, of the spraying water pipes;
the transmission device comprises a first driving shaft, a first driven shaft, a first driving gear, a first driven gear, a first conveying belt, a guide wheel, a first conveying chain and a first motor, wherein the first driven shaft is connected to the head end of the soaking pool through a bearing, the first driving shaft is connected to the tail end of the lifting support through a bearing, the first driving gear and the first driven gear are respectively arranged at two ends of the first driving shaft and the first driven shaft, the first conveying chain is connected between the first driving gear and the first driven gear, the first conveying belt is connected with the first conveying chain through a connecting piece, the guide wheel is arranged at the connecting part of the soaking pool and the lifting support, the first conveying chain is guided, a plurality of sieve holes are formed in the first conveying belt, a second baffle is arranged on the first conveying belt, and the first motor is connected with the first driving shaft and drives the first conveying chain and the first conveying belt to rotate;
the air bubble generating device comprises a plurality of air pipes and an air pump, the air pipes are connected with an air outlet of the air pump, and a plurality of air holes are formed in the air pipes;
the cleaning roller comprises a roller, a roller shell, a washing water pipe and a bearing part, wherein the bearing part is arranged in the roller shell, the roller is arranged on the bearing part, and the washing water pipe is arranged in the roller through an external support frame;
the inside of the roller is of a cavity structure with a bidirectional opening, a plurality of sieve pores are arranged on the roller, a spiral propelling blade extending from one end of the roller to the other end is arranged in the roller, and two sides of the periphery of the roller are respectively provided with an annular rotating tooth and a rotating circular ring;
the interior of the roller shell is of a cavity structure with a bidirectional opening, and the bottom of the roller shell is provided with a drain pipe;
one end of the flushing water pipe is closed, and a plurality of flushing holes are formed in the flushing water pipe;
the bearing part comprises a first supporting seat, a first gear, a second motor, a second supporting seat, a second gear, a third supporting seat, a first supporting wheel, a fourth supporting seat and a second supporting wheel, wherein the first supporting seat, the second supporting seat, the third supporting seat and the fourth supporting seat are respectively arranged on the bottom surface inside the roller shell;
the air drying device comprises an air drying component, an object carrying component and a conveying device, the conveying device is connected inside the object carrying component, and the air drying component is arranged on the object carrying component at the upper end of the conveying device;
the air drying component comprises a fan and an air expanding cylinder, the fan is connected with the carrying component, an air outlet of the fan is connected with the air expanding cylinder, and the air expanding cylinder is of a hollow structure;
the bottom end of the object carrying part is provided with a water leakage hole;
conveyer includes the second driving shaft, the second driving gear, the second driven shaft, second driven gear, second conveying chain, second conveyer belt and third motor, second driving shaft and second driven shaft pass through the bearing and connect respectively in the inside both sides of carrying the thing part, the both ends of second driving shaft and second driven shaft are provided with second driving gear and second driven gear respectively, second conveying chain connects respectively between second driving gear and second driven gear, the second conveyer belt passes through the connecting piece and is connected with second conveying chain, the third motor is connected with second driving shaft, and it is rotatory to drive the second driving shaft, be provided with a plurality of sieve meshes on the second conveyer belt.
Preferably, the support frame be the indent structure that is low in the middle of high all around, the unearthing mouth be located the lowest of indent structure, unearthing mouth department be provided with and lead the soil box, lead the soil box slope place and inside be provided with lead the soil box, eccentric motor be two, the symmetry sets up the both sides at the support frame respectively, the sieve mesh on the vibrating screen board is fore-and-aft sieve groove.
Preferably, the vibratory conveying sieve still include feed mechanism, feed mechanism include the material loading support, the material loading motor, the third driving shaft, the third driven shaft, the third conveyer belt, first baffle, two drive chains and leading gear, the both ends of third driving shaft and third driven shaft are all connected in the both sides of material loading support through the bearing, the driving gear is all installed to third driving shaft both sides, driven gear is all installed to third driven shaft both sides, two drive chains connect respectively between driving gear and driven gear, leading gear passes through the bearing and connects the inboard wire effect of playing drive chain in the material loading support, the third conveyer belt passes through the connecting block and connects between two drive chains and be provided with first baffle on the third conveyer belt, the material loading motor is connected and then drives the third driving shaft rotatory with the third driving shaft.
Preferably, the outside of shower pipe be provided with the protecting crust, protecting crust one end opening, the opening direction is towards conveyer belt one side, the fermentation vat on be provided with water inlet and delivery port, promotion support end be provided with ejection of compact part, ejection of compact part in be provided with the spout that can supply the ginseng landing, the fermentation vat with promote the support and be the integrated into one piece structure.
Preferably, the diameters of the two ends of the roller are smaller than the diameter of the middle of the roller, the lower end of the roller is provided with a supporting leg, the lowest end of the carrying part is provided with a water leakage groove, the outer side of the second conveying chain is provided with a protection plate, and the protection plate prevents ginseng from entering the inside of the second conveying chain.
Preferably, the air drying component further comprises a collecting device, the collecting device is arranged at the lower end of the carrying component, a water outlet is formed in the lower end of the collecting device, the carrying component and the conveying device are obliquely arranged, supporting legs are arranged at the lower end of the carrying component, and the supporting legs are connected to the carrying component in a threaded mode;
the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: vibrating to remove soil: pouring ginseng on a vibrating sieve plate, and driving the vibrating sieve plate and a support frame to move by an eccentric motor to carry out rough processing and soil removal on the ginseng;
step two: and (3) oscillating and cleaning bubbles: the ginseng is vibrated to remove soil and then is transmitted into a soaking pool, water which submerges the ginseng is filled in the soaking pool, the ginseng falls on the upper end of a first conveyor belt, an air pipe generates an upward impact bubble towards the ginseng through an air hole, and the ginseng is vibrated and cleaned;
step three: spraying and cleaning: after the ginseng is washed by the second step of bubble oscillation, the ginseng moves to a lifting bracket along with the first conveyor belt, the ginseng is washed by the spray water pipe at high pressure, and the ginseng moves to a discharging part sliding groove through the first conveyor belt to enter the next process;
step four: cleaning a roller: after the ginseng is sprayed and cleaned in the third step, the ginseng enters the roller, the ginseng is conveyed from one end to the other end in the spiral propelling blade roller, and in the conveying process, water in a washing water pipe flushes the outer surface of the ginseng through a plurality of washing holes and flushes the outer surface of the ginseng again;
step five: air drying treatment: and D, washing the ginseng by the roller in the step four, then dropping the ginseng onto a second conveying belt of the carrying part, moving the ginseng on the second conveying belt, and carrying out air drying treatment on the ginseng on the second conveying belt by a fan.
Preferably, the step one further comprises a pre-feeding lifting step before vibrating and removing soil: the staff pours the ginseng onto the feeding mechanism, and the feeding mechanism lifts the ginseng onto the vibrating sieve plate.
Preferably, the step one of vibrating and removing soil further comprises a soil recovering step: inside the soil that falls down gets into the support frame on the vibration sieve, the support frame can all concentrate the soil that the vibration sieve leaked down towards unearthed department for the indent structure that high middle is low all around, unearthed department is provided with leads the soil box, places a collection device at the discharge port of leading the soil box, collects soil.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention can carry out preliminary soil removal operation on the soil on the outer surface of the ginseng by arranging the vibration bracket, a plurality of springs, the sieve plate, the eccentric motor, the support frame and other related components.
2. The support frame is the indent structure that the height is low in the middle of all around its characteristics can all concentrate the soil that the sieve missed and move towards a direction, and the direction of this motion is exactly the minimum of support frame, and unearthed department is provided with leads the soil box, leads the soil box slope and places and inside is provided with leads the soil groove, and its effect is that all concentrate the collection at one with the soil that the sieve sifted off and lead the soil groove, and then discharge through the discharge port that leads the soil groove.
3. The sieve holes on the sieve plate are longitudinal sieve grooves which have the function that the sieve grooves are strip-shaped belts, so that the sieve holes can prevent the outer surface of the ginseng from being scratched.
4. According to the ginseng soaking frame, the bubble generating device is arranged in the soaking frame main body, the bubble generating device generates bubbles, an upward impact force is generated on ginseng and water, a vibration effect is generated, and soil on the surface of the ginseng can be removed more effectively.
5. The ginseng washing device washes the ginseng for the second time through the spray water pipe, and further reduces soil remained on the surface of a human body.
6. The protective shell plays a protective role, prevents a workshop from being polluted by splashed water, and can indirectly make the water flow back into the soaking pool, so that the production water is saved.
7. According to the ginseng washing machine, the washing water pipe is arranged in the roller, ginseng is washed at high pressure, the roller can carry the ginseng to rotate in the roller, the ginseng is washed at various angles by the washing water pipe, the roller rotates 360 degrees relative to the washing water pipe, although the ginseng cannot rotate 360 degrees along with the roller, the ginseng falls into the roller after rotating to a certain angle along with the roller, and continuously moves along with the roller, and the ginseng is continuously washed by the washing water pipe.
8. According to the ginseng conveying device, the air drying part is arranged to perform air drying treatment on water on the outer surface of ginseng, so that ginseng is prevented from rotting, the guard plate is arranged on the outer side of the conveying chain, and the guard plate prevents the ginseng from entering the conveying chain and plays a role in protecting the ginseng.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a cleaning apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a vibratory screen.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the vibratory screen.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the support frame.
Fig. 5 is a front view of a vibratory conveying screen.
Fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the feeding mechanism.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the feeding mechanism.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the feeding mechanism.
Fig. 9 is a front view of the bubble infusion delivery tank.
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the bubble-soaking transfer chute.
Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the soak frame body.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the bubble generation device.
Fig. 13 is a schematic view of the structure of the transmission.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of the shower device.
Fig. 15 is a perspective view of the end take-off member of the lifting bracket.
Fig. 16 is a perspective view of the cleaning roller.
Fig. 17 is a sectional view of the cleaning roller.
Figure 18 is a cross-sectional view of the load bearing member distributed within the drum shell.
FIG. 19 is an enlarged schematic view of the engagement structure of the carrier member and the annular rotating tooth.
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the engagement of the carrier member with the annular rotating tooth.
Fig. 21 is a perspective view of the drum.
FIG. 22 is a schematic view of the engagement of the carrier member with the annular rotating tooth.
FIG. 23 is a schematic view of the engagement of the carrier member with the annular rotating tooth.
Fig. 24 is a front view of the seasoning apparatus.
Fig. 25 is a schematic perspective view of the seasoning apparatus.
Fig. 26 is a schematic view of a conveyor of the seasoning apparatus.
Fig. 27 is a schematic view of a second conveyor belt.
Fig. 28 is a schematic view of a conveyor of the seasoning apparatus.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1 to 28, a method for cleaning ginseng uses a cleaning apparatus comprising a vibrating conveying screen 1, a bubble soaking conveying tank 2, a cleaning roller 3 and an air drying device 4, wherein the vibrating conveying screen 1, the bubble soaking conveying tank 2, the cleaning roller 3 and the air drying device 4 are connected in sequence;
the vibrating conveying screen 1 comprises a vibrating support 10, a plurality of springs 11, a vibrating screen plate 12, an eccentric motor 13 and a support frame 14, wherein the support frame 14 is connected to the upper end of the vibrating support 10 through the springs 11, the vibrating screen plate 12 is connected to the upper end of the support frame 14, the eccentric motor 13 is connected to the side end of the support frame 14, the vibrating direction of the eccentric motor faces the tail end of the support frame 14, and a soil outlet is formed in the lower end of the support frame 14;
the bubble soaking conveying tank 2 comprises a soaking frame main body 20, a spraying device 21, a transmission device 22 and a bubble generating device 23, wherein the spraying device 21 is arranged at the upper end of the soaking frame main body 20, the transmission device 22 is arranged in the soaking frame main body 20, and the bubble generating device 23 is arranged in the soaking frame main body 20 at the lower end of the transmission device 22;
the soaking frame body 20 comprises a soaking pool 200 and a lifting support 201, wherein the lifting support 201 is connected with one end of the soaking pool 200;
the spraying device 21 comprises a plurality of spraying water pipes 210, the plurality of spraying water pipes 210 are arranged on the lifting bracket 201, and a plurality of spraying water outlets 2100 are arranged at the working ends of the spraying water pipes 210 facing the ginseng;
the transmission device 22 comprises a first driving shaft 220, a first driven shaft 221, a first driving gear 222, a first driven gear 223, a first transmission belt 224, a guide wheel 225, a first transmission chain 226 and a first motor 227, wherein the first driven shaft 221 is connected to the head end of the soaking pool 200 through a bearing, the first driving shaft 220 is connected to the tail end of the lifting support 201 through a bearing, the first driving gear 222 and the first driven gear 223 are respectively arranged at two ends of the first driving shaft 220 and the first driven shaft 221, the first transmission chain 226 is connected between the first driving gear 222 and the first driven gear 223, the first transmission belt 224 is connected with the first transmission chain 226 through a connecting piece, the guide wheel 225 is arranged at the connecting part of the soaking pool 200 and the lifting support 201 and plays a guiding role for the first transmission chain 226, a plurality of sieve holes are arranged on the first transmission belt 224, a second guide plate 2240 is arranged on the first transmission belt 224, the first motor 227 is connected with the first driving shaft 220 and drives the first transmission chain 226 and the first transmission belt 224 to rotate;
the bubble generating device 23 comprises a plurality of air pipes 230 and an air pump 231, wherein the air pipes 230 are connected with an air outlet of the air pump 231, and a plurality of air holes 2300 are arranged on the air pipes 230;
the cleaning roller 3 comprises a roller 30, a roller shell 31, a washing water pipe 32 and a bearing part 33, wherein the bearing part 33 is arranged inside the roller shell 31, the roller 30 is arranged on the bearing part 33, and the washing water pipe 32 is arranged inside the roller 30 through an external support frame;
the inside of the roller 30 is a cavity structure with a bidirectional opening, a plurality of sieve holes 300 are arranged on the roller 30, a spiral propelling blade 301 extending from one end to the other end of the roller 30 is arranged in the roller 30, and two sides of the periphery of the roller 30 are respectively provided with an annular rotating tooth 302 and a rotating circular ring 303;
the interior of the roller shell 31 is a cavity structure with a bidirectional opening, and the bottom of the roller shell 31 is provided with a drain pipe 310;
one end of the flushing water pipe 32 is closed, and a plurality of flushing holes 320 are formed in the flushing water pipe 32;
the bearing member 33 includes a first supporting seat 330, a first gear 331, a second motor 332, a second supporting seat 333, a second gear 334, a third supporting seat 335, a first supporting wheel 336, a fourth supporting seat 337 and a second supporting wheel 338, the first supporting seat 330, the second supporting seat 333, the third supporting seat 335 and the fourth supporting seat 337 are respectively arranged on the bottom surface inside the drum shell 31, the second motor 332 is arranged on the first supporting seat 330, the output end of the second motor 332 is provided with the first gear 331, the second gear 334 is connected on the second supporting seat 333 through a bearing, the first supporting wheel 336 is connected on the third supporting seat 335 through a bearing, the second supporting wheel 338 is connected on the fourth supporting seat 337 through a bearing, and the first gear 331, the second gear 334, the first supporting wheel 336 and the second supporting wheel 338 are respectively matched with the annular rotating teeth 302 and the rotating ring 303 on the periphery of the drum 30, so that the second motor 332 drives the drum 30 to rotate;
the air drying device 4 comprises an air drying component 40, a carrying component 41 and a conveying device 42, wherein the conveying device 42 is connected inside the carrying component 41, and the air drying component 40 is arranged on the carrying component 41 at the upper end of the conveying device 42;
the air drying component 40 comprises a fan 400 and an air expansion cylinder 401, the fan 400 is connected with the carrying component 41, an air outlet of the fan 400 is connected with the air expansion cylinder 401, and the air expansion cylinder 401 is of a hollow structure;
the bottom end of the object carrying part 41 is provided with a water leakage hole;
the transmission device 42 includes a second driving shaft 420, a second driving gear 421, a second driven shaft 422, a second driven gear 423, a second transmission chain 424, a second transmission belt 425 and a third motor 426, the second driving shaft 420 and the second driven shaft 422 are respectively connected to two inner sides of the loading part 41 through bearings, the two ends of the second driving shaft 420 and the second driven shaft 422 are respectively provided with the second driving gear 421 and the second driven gear 423, the second transmission chain 424 is respectively connected between the second driving gear 421 and the second driven gear 423, the second transmission belt 425 is connected with the second transmission chain 424 through a connecting piece, the third motor 426 is connected with the second driving shaft 420 and drives the second driving shaft 420 to rotate, and a plurality of sieve holes are arranged on the second transmission belt 425.
Preferably, the support frame 14 be the interior concave structure that the height is low in the middle of all around, the unearthed mouth be located the lowest of interior concave structure, unearthed mouth department be provided with and lead soil box 15, lead soil box 15 slope place and inside be provided with lead soil box, eccentric motor 13 be two, the symmetry sets up the both sides at support frame 14 respectively, the sieve mesh on the vibration sieve 12 is fore-and-aft sieve groove 120.
Preferably, the vibrating conveying screen 1 further comprises a feeding mechanism 16, the feeding mechanism 16 comprises a feeding support 160, a feeding motor 161, a third driving shaft 162 and a third driven shaft 163, third conveyer belt 164, first baffle 165, two drive chains 166 and leading gear 167, third driving shaft 162 and third driven shaft 163 both ends all are connected the both sides at material loading support 160 through the bearing, driving gear 1620 is all installed to third driving shaft 162 both sides, driven gear 1630 is all installed to third driven shaft 163 both sides, two drive chains 166 are connected respectively between driving gear 1620 and driven gear 1630, leading gear 167 passes through the bearing and connects and play the wire effect to drive chain 166 in material loading support 160 inboard, third conveyer belt 164 passes through the connecting block and connects between two drive chains 166 and be provided with first baffle 165 on the third conveyer belt 164, material loading motor 161 is connected with third driving shaft 162 and then drives third driving shaft 162 rotatory.
Preferably, a protective shell 2100 is arranged outside the spray pipe 210, one end of the protective shell 2100 is open, the opening direction faces one side of the conveyor belt, a water inlet 2000 and a water outlet 2001 are arranged on the soaking pool 200, a discharging part 2010 is arranged at the tail end of the lifting support 201, a sliding groove for ginseng to slide down is formed in the discharging part 2010, and the soaking pool 200 and the lifting support 201 are of an integrally formed structure.
Preferably, the diameter of the two ends of the drum 30 is smaller than that of the middle of the drum 30, the lower end of the drum 30 is provided with the supporting leg 304, the lowest end of the loading part 41 is provided with the water leakage groove 410, the outer side of the second conveying chain 424 is provided with a guard plate 4240, and the guard plate 4240 prevents ginseng from entering the second conveying chain 424.
Preferably, the airing part 40 further comprises a collecting device 43, the collecting device 43 is disposed at the lower end of the carrying part 41, a water outlet 430 is disposed at the lower end of the collecting device 43, the carrying part 41 and the conveying device 42 are obliquely disposed, a leg 411 is disposed at the lower end of the carrying part 41, and the leg 411 is screwed on the carrying part 41.
The method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: vibrating to remove soil: pouring ginseng on a vibrating sieve plate 12, driving the vibrating sieve plate 12 and a support frame 14 to move by an eccentric motor 13, and roughly processing and removing soil of the ginseng;
step two: and (3) oscillating and cleaning bubbles: the ginseng is vibrated to remove soil and then is transmitted into the soaking pool 200, water which does not pass through the ginseng is filled in the soaking pool 200, the ginseng falls on the upper end of the first conveyor belt 224, and the air pipe 230 generates an upward impact bubble towards the ginseng direction through the air hole 2300 to shake and clean the ginseng;
step three: spraying and cleaning: after the ginseng is washed by the bubble oscillation in the second step, the ginseng moves to the lifting bracket 201 along with the first conveyor belt 224, the ginseng is washed by the high pressure of the spray water pipe 210, and the ginseng moves to the chute of the discharging component 2010 through the first conveyor belt 224 to enter the next process;
step four: cleaning a roller: after the ginseng is sprayed and cleaned in the third step, the ginseng enters the roller 30 and is conveyed from one end to the other end in the roller 30 through the spiral propelling blade 301, and in the conveying process, the water in the washing water pipe 32 flushes the outer surface of the ginseng through the washing holes 320 to flush the outer surface of the ginseng again;
step five: air drying treatment: after the ginseng is washed by the four-roller washing step, the ginseng falls on the second conveyor belt 425 of the carrying part 41, the ginseng moves on the second conveyor belt 425, and the ginseng on the second conveyor belt 425 is dried by the fan 400.
Preferably, the step one further comprises a pre-feeding lifting step before vibrating and removing soil: the operator pours the ginseng onto the feeding mechanism 16, and the feeding mechanism lifts the ginseng onto the vibrating screen plate 12.
Preferably, the step one of vibrating and removing soil further comprises a soil recovering step: inside the soil that falls on the vibration sieve 12 got into support frame 14, support frame 14 was all concentrated towards unearthed department with the soil that vibration sieve 12 leaked down for the indent structure that is low in the middle of high all around, unearthed department is provided with leads soil box 15, places a collection device at the discharge port of leading soil box 15, collects soil.
The working principle and the using process of the embodiment are as follows:
when in use, ginseng is poured on the front end of the vibrating sieve plate 12, the eccentric motor 13 drives the vibrating sieve plate 12 and the support frame 14 to move, the moving direction of the eccentric motor 13 during working determines the trend of the ginseng, so the mounting and debugging are carried out according to the direction of a figure 5 during mounting, the vibrating support 10 plays a role in stabilizing the whole, the plurality of springs 11 play a role in supporting the eccentric motor 13 and the vibrating sieve plate 12 to vibrate and distort back and forth, the support frame 14 is a concave structure with high periphery and low middle part, the support frame 14 is characterized in that the soil leaked from the vibrating sieve plate 12 can move in one direction, the moving direction is the lowest point of the support frame 14, namely the soil outlet is provided with a soil guide box 15, the soil guide box 15 is obliquely arranged and the soil guide groove is arranged inside, the function is to collect the soil screened from the vibrating sieve plate 12 in one soil guide groove, and then discharge through the discharge port of soil guiding groove, can place a bucket or bag of collecting at the discharge port of soil guiding groove at this moment, collect soil, feed mechanism 16's effect is that need not the staff to pour ginseng on vibrating screen plate 12, directly pour on feed mechanism 16 can, because vibrating screen plate 12 is far away from the height on ground that the head end of feed mechanism 16 is apart from ground height far away, can reduce staff's intensity of labour like this, indirectly also can improve work efficiency, for the cost-saving of enterprise, as to sieve groove 120 that the sieve mesh on vibrating screen plate 12 is fore-and-aft, its effect is that sieve groove 120 be the strip area, avoid the sieve mesh probably to people's ginseng outer surface scratch.
The ginseng is vibrated to remove soil through the previous process and then is transmitted into the soaking pool 200, the ginseng falls on the upper end of the first conveying belt 224, water which does not pass through the ginseng is filled in the soaking pool 200, the air pump 231 supplies air to the air pipe 230, at this time, the air pipe 230 generates air bubbles towards the ginseng through the air holes 2300, the generated air bubbles generate an upward impact force on the ginseng and the water in the soaking pool 200 to generate a vibration effect, soil on the surface of the ginseng can be more effectively removed, the ginseng moves to the lifting support 201 along with the first conveying belt 224, the ginseng is subjected to high-pressure washing through the spray water pipe 210, the pressure of the water is correspondingly adjusted according to the conditions of different ginseng, finally the ginseng moves to the chute of the discharging part 2010 through the first conveying belt 224 and enters the next process, the first conveying belt 224 is provided with a plurality of sieve holes, when the ginseng passes through the lifting support 201, make the water of ginseng surface leak down, inside backward flow to the fermentation vat 200, protection shell 2100 plays the effect of protection here, because shower pipe 210 when washing ginseng under high pressure, the pressure direct action of water is on the ginseng, ginseng can give water and produce a reverse effort, at this moment can lead to the water splash to fall and promote the support 201 outside, can make the workshop polluted by water, if we are provided with on the outside of shower pipe 210 a protection shell 2100 so that the reaction force will direct action and protection shell 2100, and then direct flow is to promoting the support 201 inside and flow to the fermentation vat 200 in at last.
After the ginseng is soaked and cleaned in the previous process, the ginseng enters the roller 30 to be cleaned on different surfaces, the ginseng is continuously moved forward in the roller 30 through the spiral propelling blade 301 and is conveyed to the other end from one section, in the conveying process, water in the washing water pipe 32 is washed to the outer surface of the ginseng through the plurality of washing holes 320 to wash out the possibly remaining soil on the outer surface of the ginseng again, the roller 30 rotates by the cooperation of the first gear 331, the second motor 332, the second gear 334, the first supporting wheel 336 and the second supporting wheel 338, the second motor 332 drives the first gear 331 to rotate, the first gear 331 drives the annular rotating teeth 302 to move, so that the roller 30 can rotate along with the rotation of the second motor 332, the second gear 334, the first supporting wheel 336 and the second supporting wheel 338 play a role of assisting in supporting the roller 30, the roller 30 is provided with the sieve holes 300, during the washing process of ginseng, water flows into the drum shell 31 through the sieve holes 300 on the drum 30 and is discharged through the drain pipe 310 arranged at the bottom of the drum shell 31, and the discharged water can flow to the previous process for recycling, for example, flows back to the bubble soaking conveying tank 2 for use.
The ginseng is cleaned by the previous roller and falls into the second conveyor belt 425 in the carrying part 41 at the left end in fig. 24, the third motor 426 drives the second driving shaft 420 to rotate so as to drive the second conveyor chain 424 and the second conveyor belt 425 to rotate, the ginseng moves on the second conveyor belt 425, the fan 400 is arranged at the upper end of the second conveyor belt 425, so that the fan 400 can blow the ginseng on the second conveyor belt 425 at all times and dry the water on the surface of the ginseng, the carrying part 41 and the conveyor device 42 are obliquely arranged, sieve holes are arranged on the conveyor device 42, the ginseng can flow down part of the water by gravity when moving on the second conveyor belt 425, the residual water on the outer surface of the ginseng is taken away by the fan 400 when passing through the fan 400, the collecting device 43 collects the water leaked from the sieve holes to prevent the ginseng from falling on the ground, and the water collected by the collecting device 43 can flow back to the bubble soaking conveyor groove 2 through the water outlet 430, carry out recycling to water, reduce the cost of enterprise's production, air-dry the end of device and directly be connected with the operation panel, the staff classifies ginseng according to relevant index such as size, article phase on the operation panel, and the second conveying chain 424 outside is provided with backplate 4240, and backplate 4240 prevents that ginseng from getting into inside the second conveying chain 424, plays the effect of protection to ginseng.

Claims (3)

1. A method for cleaning ginseng is characterized by comprising the following steps: the used cleaning equipment comprises a vibrating conveying sieve (1), a bubble soaking conveying groove (2), a cleaning roller (3) and an air drying device (4), wherein the vibrating conveying sieve (1), the bubble soaking conveying groove (2), the cleaning roller (3) and the air drying device (4) are sequentially connected;
the vibrating screen (1) comprises a vibrating support (10), a plurality of springs (11), a vibrating screen plate (12), an eccentric motor (13) and a support frame (14), wherein the support frame (14) is connected to the upper end of the vibrating support (10) through the springs (11), the vibrating screen plate (12) is connected to the upper end of the support frame (14), the eccentric motor (13) is connected to the side end of the support frame (14), the vibrating direction of the eccentric motor faces the tail end of the support frame (14), and the lower end of the support frame (14) is provided with a soil outlet;
the bubble soaking conveying tank (2) comprises a soaking frame main body (20), a spraying device (21), a transmission device (22) and a bubble generating device (23), wherein the spraying device (21) is arranged at the upper end of the soaking frame main body (20), the transmission device (22) is arranged in the soaking frame main body (20), and the bubble generating device (23) is arranged in the soaking frame main body (20) at the lower end of the transmission device (22);
the soaking frame main body (20) comprises a soaking pool (200) and a lifting support (201), and the lifting support (201) is connected with one end of the soaking pool (200);
the spraying device (21) comprises a plurality of spraying water pipes (210), the plurality of spraying water pipes (210) are arranged on the lifting support (201), and a plurality of spraying water outlets (2100) are formed in the positions, facing the working end of the ginseng, of the spraying water pipes (210);
the transmission device (22) comprises a first driving shaft (220), a first driven shaft (221), a first driving gear (222), a first driven gear (223), a first transmission belt (224), a guide wheel (225), a first transmission chain (226) and a first motor (227), wherein the first driven shaft (221) is connected to the head end of the soaking pool (200) through a bearing, the first driving shaft (220) is connected to the tail end of the lifting support (201) through a bearing, the two ends of the first driving shaft (220) and the first driven shaft (221) are respectively provided with the first driving gear (222) and the first driven gear (223), the first transmission chain (226) is connected between the first driving gear (222) and the first driven gear (223), the first transmission belt (224) is connected with the first transmission guide wheel (226) through a connecting piece, the first transmission chain (225) is arranged at the joint of the soaking pool (200) and the lifting support (201), the first conveyor belt (224) is provided with a plurality of sieve holes, the first conveyor belt (224) is provided with a second baffle 2240, and the first motor (227) is connected with the first driving shaft (220) and drives the first conveyor chain (226) and the first conveyor belt (224) to rotate;
the bubble generating device (23) comprises a plurality of air pipes (230) and an air pump (231), the air pipes (230) are connected with an air outlet of the air pump (231), and a plurality of air holes (2300) are formed in the air pipes (230);
the cleaning roller (3) comprises a roller (30), a roller shell (31), a washing water pipe (32) and a bearing part (33), the bearing part (33) is arranged inside the roller shell (31), the roller (30) is arranged on the bearing part (33), and the washing water pipe (32) is arranged inside the roller (30) through an external support frame;
the inside of the roller (30) is of a cavity structure with a bidirectional opening, a plurality of sieve holes (300) are arranged on the roller (30), a spiral propelling blade (301) extending from one end to the other end of the roller (30) is arranged in the roller (30), and two sides of the periphery of the roller (30) are respectively provided with an annular rotating tooth (302) and a rotating circular ring (303);
the interior of the roller shell (31) is of a cavity structure with a bidirectional opening, and the bottom of the roller shell (31) is provided with a drain pipe (310);
one end of the flushing water pipe (32) is closed, and a plurality of flushing holes (320) are formed in the flushing water pipe (32);
the bearing part (33) comprises a first supporting seat (330), a first gear (331), a second motor (332), a second supporting seat (333), a second gear (334), a third supporting seat (335), a first supporting wheel (336), a fourth supporting seat (337) and a second supporting wheel (338), the first supporting seat (330), the second supporting seat (333), the third supporting seat (335) and the fourth supporting seat (337) are respectively arranged on the inner bottom surface of the roller shell (31), the second motor (332) is arranged on the first supporting seat (330), the output end of the second motor (332) is provided with the first gear (331), the second gear (334) is connected to the second supporting seat (333) through a bearing, the first supporting wheel (336) is connected to the third supporting seat (335) through a bearing, the second supporting wheel (338) is connected to the fourth supporting seat (337) through a bearing, the first gear (331), The second gear (334), the first supporting wheel (336) and the second supporting wheel (338) are respectively matched with the annular rotating teeth (302) and the rotating circular ring (303) on the periphery of the roller (30);
the air drying device (4) comprises an air drying part (40), an object carrying part (41) and a conveying device (42), the conveying device (42) is connected inside the object carrying part (41), and the air drying part (40) is arranged on the object carrying part (41) at the upper end of the conveying device (42);
the air drying component (40) comprises a fan (400) and an air expansion cylinder (401), the fan (400) is connected with the carrying component (41), an air outlet of the fan (400) is connected with the air expansion cylinder (401), and the air expansion cylinder (401) is of a hollow structure;
the bottom end of the object carrying part (41) is provided with a water leakage hole;
the transmission device (42) comprises a second driving shaft (420), a second driving gear (421), a second driven shaft (422), a second driven gear (423), a second transmission chain (424), a second transmission belt (425) and a third motor (426), a second driving shaft (420) and a second driven shaft (422) are respectively connected to two sides of the inside of the loading part (41) through bearings, two ends of the second driving shaft (420) and the second driven shaft (422) are respectively provided with a second driving gear (421) and a second driven gear (423), a second transmission chain (424) is respectively connected between the second driving gear (421) and the second driven gear (423), a second transmission belt (425) is connected with the second transmission chain (424) through a connecting piece, a third motor (426) is connected with the second driving shaft (420), and a plurality of sieve holes are formed in the second transmission belt (425);
the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: vibrating to remove soil: pouring ginseng on a vibrating sieve plate (12), driving the vibrating sieve plate (12) and a support frame (14) to move by an eccentric motor (13), and roughly processing and removing soil for the ginseng;
step two: and (3) oscillating and cleaning bubbles: the ginseng is vibrated to remove soil and then is transmitted into a soaking pool (200), water which submerges the ginseng is filled in the soaking pool (200), the ginseng falls on the upper end of a first conveyor belt (224), an air pipe (230) can generate an upward impact bubble to the ginseng direction through an air hole (2300), and the ginseng is vibrated and cleaned;
step three: spraying and cleaning: after the ginseng is washed by the second step of bubble oscillation, the ginseng moves to a lifting bracket (201) along with a first conveying belt (224), a spray pipe (210) performs high-pressure washing on the ginseng, and the ginseng moves to a chute of a discharging component (2010) through the first conveying belt (224) and enters the next process;
step four: cleaning a roller: after being sprayed and cleaned in the third step, the ginseng enters the roller (30), the ginseng is conveyed from one end to the other end in the roller (30) through the spiral propelling blade (301), and in the conveying process, water in the washing water pipe (32) washes the outer surface of the ginseng through the washing holes (320) to wash the outer surface of the ginseng again;
step five: air drying treatment: after the ginseng is cleaned by the four-roller, the ginseng falls onto a second conveyor belt (425) of the carrying part (41), the ginseng moves on the second conveyor belt (425), and the ginseng on the second conveyor belt (425) is dried by a fan (400).
2. The method for washing ginseng according to claim 1, wherein: the method is characterized by further comprising the steps of pre-feeding and lifting before vibrating soil removal: the staff pours the ginseng onto the feeding mechanism (16), and the feeding mechanism lifts the ginseng onto the vibrating sieve plate (12).
3. The method for washing ginseng according to claim 1, wherein: the step one, vibrating and removing soil, further comprises a soil recovery step: inside soil that falls on vibration sieve (12) got into support frame (14), support frame (14) were all concentrated towards the delivery port department with the soil that vibration sieve (12) leaked down for the interior concave structure of low in the middle of high all around, and delivery port department is provided with leads soil box (15), places a collection device at the discharge port of leading soil box (15), collects soil.
CN201911286574.9A 2019-12-14 2019-12-14 Ginseng cleaning method Pending CN111299261A (en)

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CN112170327A (en) * 2020-08-13 2021-01-05 李海燕 High-efficient belt cleaning device for traditional chinese medicine processing
CN112205644A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-01-12 贵州圆圆农业科技发展有限公司 Efficient sweet potato cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
CN112474497A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-03-12 山东文登继振西洋参产业有限公司 American ginseng belt cleaning device that cleaning performance is good
CN112588699A (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-04-02 浙江天方科技股份有限公司 Stem of noble dendrobium washs and air-drying conveyer
CN115739853A (en) * 2022-11-22 2023-03-07 山东百佳食品有限公司 Dehydrated vegetable stone remover
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CN112170327A (en) * 2020-08-13 2021-01-05 李海燕 High-efficient belt cleaning device for traditional chinese medicine processing
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CN115739853A (en) * 2022-11-22 2023-03-07 山东百佳食品有限公司 Dehydrated vegetable stone remover
CN116921322A (en) * 2023-09-19 2023-10-24 吉林农业科技学院 Red ginseng apparatus for producing with clean function
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