KR101122047B1 - Ginseng washer - Google Patents

Ginseng washer Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101122047B1
KR101122047B1 KR1020100046528A KR20100046528A KR101122047B1 KR 101122047 B1 KR101122047 B1 KR 101122047B1 KR 1020100046528 A KR1020100046528 A KR 1020100046528A KR 20100046528 A KR20100046528 A KR 20100046528A KR 101122047 B1 KR101122047 B1 KR 101122047B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
ginseng
water
washing
drum
unit
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020100046528A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20110126962A (en
Inventor
신두연
이상욱
Original Assignee
동양대학교 산학협력단
중앙인삼영농조합
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Application filed by 동양대학교 산학협력단, 중앙인삼영농조합 filed Critical 동양대학교 산학협력단
Priority to KR1020100046528A priority Critical patent/KR101122047B1/en
Publication of KR20110126962A publication Critical patent/KR20110126962A/en
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Publication of KR101122047B1 publication Critical patent/KR101122047B1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/06Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching, combined with subsequent drying
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/04Stationary flat screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/06Cleaning involving contact with liquid using perforated drums in which the article or material is placed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
    • B08B3/102Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration with means for agitating the liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
    • B08B3/12Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration by sonic or ultrasonic vibrations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
    • B08B3/14Removing waste, e.g. labels, from cleaning liquid; Regenerating cleaning liquids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities

Abstract

The present invention relates to an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus, comprising: an air washing unit in which an air spray nozzle is installed to remove foreign substances such as soil from ginseng by spraying air on ginseng; Mesh screen device 30 is installed on one side of the air washing unit to drop the foreign substances such as soil from the ginseng to fall down; A ginseng supplied from the mesh screen device 30 is introduced and the drum is washed while moving the introduced ginseng from one side to the other side; A water washing unit installed inside the drum and spraying water on the ginseng introduced into the drum; A purifying unit connected to the drum and the water washing unit to suck and settle various foreign substances generated during ginseng washing and to suck and purify the sprayed water to recycle the water to the washing unit; A rinsing unit installed at an outlet side of the drum to rinse the first washed ginseng by spraying water on the ginseng discharged from the drum; A drying unit installed at one side of the rinsing unit; It comprises a metal sorter for selecting and removing metal components from the ginseng passed through the drying section.
Therefore, since ginseng is washed in its original state, it does not deteriorate the merchandise of ginseng, and can be washed every corner around ginseng, between ginseng legs, and between thread roots. You can.

Description

Eco Friendly Ginseng Washing Machine {Ginseng washer}

The present invention relates to an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus, and more particularly, to an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus that can be washed without damaging the ginseng, to clean the circumference of the ginseng.

In general, ginseng is collected from mainpo and shipped in the form of fresh ginseng or dried and distributed. The ginseng is washed, steamed and dried to process red ginseng or white ginseng and distributed after long-term storage.

At this time, the ginseng is preferentially washed in order to produce red ginseng.

In order to perform the washing, the cleaning worker washes ginsengs one by one or puts ginsengs in a certain quantity in a predetermined container and rubs or rubs them with a washing brush to wash the contaminants.

This ginseng washing operation is very cumbersome and requires a lot of time and labor, thus greatly reducing the efficiency of the ginseng washing operation.

In order to compensate for the problems of the ginseng washing process, an apparatus for automatically washing ginseng has been developed. This eco-friendly ginseng washing device is to put a large amount of ginseng into the rotating drum to wash various foreign matters remaining on the epidermis of the ginseng using a cleaning brush in the rotating drum.

However, such a conventional washing method causes problems such as cutting of the ginseng leg when the washing brush and ginseng collide when the rotating drum is rotated, and the damaged ginseng causes a decrease in marketability, resulting in a decrease in the yield of farmers. .

In addition, the conventional washing method does not wash every corner of the ginseng bar, the washing brush does not wash evenly contact between the ginseng circumference and between the legs, and thus the washing state was not good.

An object of the present invention for solving the above problems is to provide an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus to be washed without damaging the ginseng.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus to clean the circumference of ginseng.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus capable of recycling the washing water.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus capable of removing metal components contained in ginseng.

Eco-friendly ginseng washing device of the present invention for achieving the above object, the feed ginseng to be washed and put the ginseng to convey the input; An air cleaning nozzle installed at one side of the supply conveyor and installed with an air spray nozzle to eject foreign substances such as soil from the ginseng by spraying air to the ginseng supplied therefrom; A plurality of mesh screens installed on one side of the air cleaner and made of polyurethane and arranged in a horizontal and vertical direction to be detachably coupled to each other, a support frame installed at the bottom of the mesh screens to support them, Vibration frame is installed between the upper part and the lower part of the mesh frame to support the mesh screens and vibrate the mesh screen, Vibrator is installed in the vibration frame to vibrate it, and installed between the support frame and the vibration frame to drive the vibrator The mesh screen device 30 which consists of a buffer spring for supporting the vibration frame to flow and blocking the vibration of the vibrator from being transmitted to the support frame, to drop foreign substances such as soil from the ginseng supplied from the air cleaner and to drop them down. ; The drum which is installed to rotate on the drum base of one side of the mesh screen device 30 and the ginseng supplied from the mesh screen device 30 is input, and the drum is provided with a spiral vane along the inner circumferential surface to move the injected ginseng from one side to the other side and wash it. ; A drum driving part comprising a driving roller that is in close contact with one side of the drum's outer circumference to support and rotate the drum, a support roller that is in close contact with the outer circumference of the drum to support the drum, and a driving roller connected to the driving roller to rotate the driving roller and the drum. ; A plurality of vortex jet nozzles installed inside the drum to inject water into the ginseng injected into the drum, a water supply pipe for installing the vortex jet nozzles, and a water supply connected to the water supply pipe to supply water to the vortex jet nozzle side. A water washing unit connected to the tank, the water supply pipe and the water supply tank, the water washing unit including a high pressure pump for pumping water in the water supply tank into the water supply pipe; A nozzle conveying unit connected to the water supply pipe of the water washing unit and reciprocating in the horizontal direction along the longitudinal direction thereof; A purifying unit connected to the drum and the water washing unit to suck and settle various foreign substances generated during ginseng washing and to suck and purify the sprayed water to recycle the water to the washing unit; A rinsing unit installed at an outlet side of the drum and having a vortex jet nozzle for rinsing the first washed ginseng by spraying water on the ginseng discharged from the drum; A drying unit installed at one side of the rinsing unit and having an air spray nozzle installed to spray the ginseng supplied from the rinsing unit to dry the washed ginseng; It is installed on one side of the drying unit and characterized in that consisting of a metal separator for selecting and removing a metal component from the ginseng passed through the drying unit.

Another feature of the eco-friendly ginseng washing device of the present invention, the vortex jet nozzle is a fastening portion formed with a screw thread for fastening with the hose, the hollow conical body extending integrally downward from the fastening portion, and the conical body It is composed of a spirally formed injection hole in the spiral direction, and a spiral guide groove formed in the outer surface of the conical body along the spiral direction to guide the jetting direction of water exiting the jet in the spiral direction.

Another feature of the eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus of the present invention, the nozzle conveying unit is connected to the water supply pipe of the water washing unit and the rack to reciprocate in the horizontal direction along the longitudinal direction thereof, and is engaged with the rack to linearly reciprocate it A pinion, a transfer motor connected to the pinion to rotate it, a pair of guide rollers coupled to the other side of the water washing unit, and a guide rod fixed to the drum base to seat the pair of guide rollers to guide the driving of the guide roller. Is done.

Another feature of the eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus of the present invention, the purifying unit is connected to the drum base, the suction pipe for sucking the wash water containing foreign substances such as soil when washing the ginseng, and connected to the suction pipe to wash water in the drum base Vacuum suction pump for suction and pumping, Purifying case connected to the other end of the suction pipe, and the washing water sucked from the vacuum suction pump flows in and removes foreign substances such as soil contained in the washing water from the washing water and is installed inside the purification case. Perforated plate that filters various foreign matters and is arranged inclined while being arranged in a state where the plurality is spaced up and down, and the hole diameter of the largest and the lower ones of the ones arranged at the top of the plurality are gradually formed into smaller diameters. The water supply tank of the water washing unit A circulating pump for supplying the gas to the rear wall of the purifying case, a container for storing the filtered foreign matters, and a purging case formed at a portion of the rear wall of the purifying case that is coincident with the upper end of each perforated plate. If the foreign matter is installed inside the purifying case and accumulated on the perforated plate and accumulated on the perforated plate does not flow down into the container, the high pressure air is injected to the perforated plate so that the foreign matter accumulated on the perforated plate is allowed to settle into the container. And an air compressor connected to the air nozzle to supply high pressure air to the air nozzle.

In the present invention as described above, air is injected around the ginseng and water is injected and washed so that the legs around the ginseng are not subjected to unreasonable pressure, and thus, the legs or the roots of the ginseng are not damaged in the washing process. Therefore, since ginseng is washed in its original state, it does not reduce the commerciality of ginseng, thereby improving the yield of farmers.

In the present invention, when the ginseng is supplied to the supply conveyor, the air is injected through the air spray nozzle of the air washing unit to remove foreign substances such as soil attached to the ginseng. Since the air injected from the air spray nozzle is smoothly blown between the circumference of ginseng, between the ginseng legs, and between the thread roots, foreign substances in every corner can be effectively dropped.

In addition, the ginseng from which the foreign matter is first removed from the air cleaning unit is supplied to the drum to be secondly washed from the vortex jet nozzle of the water washing unit. Vortex type spray nozzle guides the spraying direction of water to be sprayed in a spiral direction to form a vortex. Accordingly, the water sprayed from the vortex type jet nozzle is sprayed on ginseng while forming a vortex while rotating, thereby forming a circumference of ginseng. Ginseng is washed more cleanly because it washes every corner of the ginseng and thus makes it easier to eliminate various foreign matters attached to ginseng.

In the eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus of the present invention, after washing with water in a drum, the washing water is recovered and purified by a purification unit, and the purified washing water is supplied back to the water washing unit and recycled. Therefore, since the washing water is recycled after being purified, the consumption of water can be greatly reduced. As a result, the operating cost of the eco-friendly ginseng washing device can be reduced as well as water pollution.

The eco-friendly ginseng washing device of the present invention passes through the final ginseng metal separator. Therefore, pieces of metal contained in ginseng are removed while being attached to the metal sorter. Therefore, the inclusion of metal components in the post-treatment process of washed ginseng is blocked.

1 is a schematic view showing an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus of the present invention
2 and 3 is a schematic side view showing a mesh screen device 30 and an excerpt perspective view showing a mesh screen
Figure 4 is a schematic front cross-sectional view showing the drum and the drum drive.
5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing a vortex jet nozzle
6 and 7 are a schematic side view and a partial perspective view showing the nozzle transfer unit
8 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a purification unit

Specific features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1 is a schematic view showing an eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus of the present invention, Figures 2 and 3 is a schematic side view showing a mesh screen device and an excerpt perspective view showing a mesh screen, Figure 4 is a schematic front sectional view showing a drum and a drum drive unit. . 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing a vortex jet nozzle, Figures 6 and 7 are a schematic side view and a partial perspective view showing a nozzle conveyance, Figure 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a purifying unit.

Eco-friendly ginseng washing device of the present invention, the supply conveyor 10, air washing unit 20, mesh screen device 30, drum 40, drum drive unit 50, water washing unit 60, the nozzle It consists of a sending part 70, a purification part 80, a rinsing part 90, a drying part 100, and a metal separator 110.

The supply conveyor 10, the ginseng to be washed is added and the added ginseng is transferred to the subsequent process.

The air washing unit 20 is installed on one side of the supply conveyor 10 to spray air to the ginseng supplied therefrom to remove foreign substances such as soil from the ginseng. An air spray nozzle 21 is installed in the air cleaner 20 to spray air to ginseng, and the air spray nozzle 21 is connected to an air supply pipe (not shown) and an air pump (not shown).

The mesh screen device 30 includes a plurality of mesh screens 31 installed on one side of the air cleaner 20 and made of polyurethane and arranged in a horizontal and vertical direction to be detachably coupled to each other.

The mesh screen device 30 is provided to be inclined upward toward the drum 40 at the outlet side of the air cleaner 20, and the individual mesh screens 31 are detachably assembled.

A support frame 32 is installed below the mesh screens 31 to support the mesh screens 31. A vibration frame 33 is installed between the upper portion of the support frame 32 and the lower portion of the mesh screen 31, which supports the mesh screens 31 and vibrates the mesh screens 31.

The vibrator 34 is installed on the vibrating frame 33 to vibrate the vibrating frame 33.

A buffer spring 35 is provided between the support frame 32 and the vibration frame 33. The shock absorbing spring 35 supports the vibration frame 33 to flow when the vibrator 34 is driven, and blocks the vibration of the vibrator 34 from being transmitted to the support frame 32.

The mesh screen device 30 of this configuration drops foreign substances such as soil from the ginseng supplied from the air cleaner 20 to drop down.

The drum 40 is installed to be rotated on the drum base 43 on one side of the mesh screen device 30, and the ginseng supplied from the mesh screen device 30 is introduced and the inner ginseng is washed while moving the introduced ginseng from one side to the other side. A spiral vane 42 is provided along the way.

The drum base 43 installed around the drum 40 not only supports the rotation of the drum 40 but also collects the washing water discharged into the drain hole 41 of the drum 40 and supplies it to the purification unit 80 to be described later. do.

The cover 44 is provided at the top of the drum 40 to block the washing water from scattering to the outside through the drain hole 41 of the drum 40.

The drum driving unit 50 is in close contact with one side of the outer circumferential surface of the drum 40 to support and rotate the drum 40, and in close contact with the other side of the outer circumferential surface of the drum 40 to support the drum 40. A support roller 52 is provided. The drive motor 53 is connected to the drive roller 51 to rotate the drive roller 51 and the drum 40.

The water washing unit 60 includes a vortex jet nozzle 61, a water supply pipe 66, a water supply tank 67, and a high pressure pump 68.

The vortex jet nozzle 61 is installed inside the drum 40 to inject water into the ginseng introduced into the drum 40. The vortex jet nozzle 61 includes a threaded fastening portion 62 for fastening with the hose, a hollow conical body 63 integrally extending downward from the fastening portion 62, and a conical body. Helical guide groove (64) formed through the spiral in the spiral direction and the spiral guide groove 64 is formed along the spiral direction on the outer surface of the conical body (63) to guide the jetting direction of water exiting the jet (65) in the spiral direction. It is composed of

A plurality of vortex injection nozzles 61 are installed in the water supply pipe 66, and the water supply tank 67 is connected to the water supply pipe 66 to supply water to the vortex injection nozzle 61. The high pressure pump 68 is connected to the water supply pipe 66 and the water supply tank 67 to pump water in the water supply tank 67 to the water supply pipe 66.

The nozzle transfer part 70 is provided with a rack 71 which is connected to one end of the water supply pipe 66 and reciprocates it in the horizontal direction along its longitudinal direction. The pinion 72 meshes with the rack 71 to linearly reciprocate the rack 71. The pinion 72 is connected to the transfer motor 73 to rotate the pinion 72. The other end of the water supply pipe 66 is coupled to the roller bracket 75, the roller bracket 75 is provided with a pair of guide rollers (74).

A fixing bracket 77 is fixed to the drum base 43, and one end of the guide rod 76 is fixed to the fixing bracket 77, and a pair of guide rollers 74 are attached to the guide rod 76. It is seated and moved along the guide rod 76.

The purifying unit 80 is connected to the drum 40 and the water washing unit 60 to suck and precipitate various foreign substances generated during ginseng washing, and to suction and purify the sprayed water to recycle the water washing unit 60. . The purifying unit 80 includes a suction pipe 81, a vacuum suction pump 82, a purification case 83, a porous plate 84, a circulation pump 85, a collecting container 86, a collecting hole 87, and air. It consists of the nozzle 88 and the air compressor 89.

The suction pipe 81 has one end connected to the drum base 43 to suck washing water containing foreign substances such as soil during washing of ginseng. The vacuum suction pump 82 is connected to the suction pipe 81 to suck and wash the washing water in the drum base 43. Purification case 83 is connected to the other end of the suction pipe 81, the washing water sucked from the vacuum suction pump 82 flows in and separates and cleans the foreign matter such as soil contained in the washing water from the washing water.

The perforated plates 84 are installed inside the purification case 83 to filter various foreign matters, and are arranged to be inclined while being arranged in a state in which a plurality of them are spaced up and down, and the hole diameter of the one arranged at the top of the plurality is the most. The hole diameters of the larger and arranged below are gradually formed into smaller diameters. The circulation pump 85 supplies the purified water collected at the bottom of the purification case 83 to the water supply tank 67 of the water washing unit 60.

The container 86 stores various kinds of foreign matters that have been filtered by being mounted in communication with the rear wall of the purification case 83. The collection hole 87 is formed at a portion of the rear wall surface of the purification case 83 that is coincident with the lower end of each of the porous plates 84 to communicate the purification case 83 with the collecting container 86.

The air nozzle 88 is installed inside the purification case 83 so that the high-pressure air is injected to the porous plate 84 side when foreign matters accumulated on the porous plate 84 are accumulated without flowing into the container 86. Foreign matter accumulated in the porous plate 84 is settled to the container (86). The air compressor 89 is connected to the air nozzle 88 to supply high pressure air to the air nozzle 88 side.

The rinsing unit 90 is provided with a vortex jetting nozzle 91, and the vortex jetting nozzle 91 is installed at the outlet side of the drum 40 to inject water into the ginseng discharged from the drum 40. Rinse the washed ginseng. The vortex injection nozzle 91 of the rinsing unit 90 has the same structure and function as the vortex injection nozzle 61 of the water washing unit 60.

The drying unit 100 is installed at one side of the rinsing unit 90 and is sprayed with air to the ginseng supplied from the rinsing unit 90 is provided with an air spray nozzle 101 to dry the ginseng is completed.

The metal selector 110 is installed at one side of the drying unit 100 and selects and removes metal components from ginseng passing through the drying unit 100.

Eco-friendly ginseng washing device of the present invention in this configuration is driven as follows.

Injecting ginseng to be washed in the supply conveyor 10 is moved to the air washing unit 20. When ginseng is supplied to the air cleaning unit 20, the air is sprayed from the air spray nozzle 21 to drop foreign substances such as soil attached to the ginseng first.

Ginseng via the air cleaning unit 20 is supplied to the mesh screen device (30).

When ginseng is introduced into one side of the mesh screens 31 of the mesh screen device 30, the vibrator 34 is driven to vibrate the mesh screen 31. Accordingly, while the ginseng is moved to the other side by the vibration of the mesh screen 31, foreign substances such as soil attached to the ginseng falls.

The mesh screen 31 is made of polyurethane material to prevent the mesh hole from being blocked, and a plurality of mesh screens 31 made of the polyurethane material are arranged in a horizontal and vertical direction to be detachably coupled to each other. The mesh screen 31 is vibrated by the vibrator 34 so that foreign matter attached to the ginseng falls to the lower side thereof.

Ginseng passing through the mesh screen device 30 is put into the drum 40 and is washed with primary water.

When ginseng is added to the drum 40, the drum driving unit 50 and the water washing unit 60 are driven. When the driving motor 53 of the drum driving unit 50 is driven, the driving roller 51 rotates to rotate the drum 40 in contact with the driving motor 51. When the drum 40 is rotated, the ginseng in the drum 40 is slowly moved from the inlet to the outlet of the drum 40 by the vanes 42 provided on the inner circumferential surface of the drum 40.

On the other hand, when the high pressure pump 68 of the water washing unit 60 is driven, the water in the water supply tank 67 is supplied to the vortex injection nozzle 61 side through the water supply pipe 66.

The vortex jet nozzle 61 is a means for rotating the jetted water while increasing the water jetting force, and a fastening part 62 having a screw thread is formed at an upper end thereof so as to be engaged with the water supply pipe 66. In addition, a hollow conical body 63 is formed integrally extending downward from the fastening part 62. The conical body 63 has a plurality of injection holes 65, which are holes for final injection of water along the spiral direction. Is formed through.

In particular, the outer surface of the conical body (63) is formed with a spiral guide groove 64 is matched with the injection port 65 arranged in a spiral direction, the spiral guide groove 64 is the injection of water injected from the injection port 65 It serves to guide the direction in a spiral direction to form a vortex.

Thus, the water sprayed through the spiral injection port 65 and the spiral guide groove 64 of the vortex jet nozzle 61 is rotated and sprayed on the ginseng while forming a vortex, thereby causing the removal of various foreign substances stuck around the ginseng. It can be made easier.

The washing water injected into the vortex injection nozzle 61 flows into the drum base 43 and then is recovered to the purification unit 80. When the vacuum suction pump 82 of the purification unit 80 is driven, the washing water and foreign matters included in the washing water and the washing water introduced into the drum base 43 are introduced into the purification case 83 through the suction pipe 81. After being injected into the plate 84, the water is collected into the lower portion of the purification case 83 and the foreign matter is collected into the container 86 through the collection hole 87 along the inclined surface of the porous plate 84.

The hole diameter of the porous plate 84 disposed at the top of the plurality of porous plates 84 is formed to be the largest to filter out foreign matter of large particles, and the holes of the porous plate 84 sequentially arranged thereunder. The diameter is formed to gradually smaller diameter to filter out foreign particles of smaller particles.

In addition, an air nozzle 88 is mounted on a portion of the front wall of the purification case 83 that is coincident with the upper end of each of the porous plates 84. The air nozzle 88 has a high pressure from the air compressor 89. The air is supplied, and high pressure air is injected to the upper surface of the porous plate 84. Therefore, when the foreign matter filtered on the porous plate 84 does not flow down into the container 86, the accumulated foreign matter is forcibly introduced into the container 86.

The bottom side of the purification case 83 and the water supply tank 67 are connected to each other through a circulation pump 85 for recirculating water, passing through each porous plate 84 of the purification case 83 and collected at the bottom. The purified water enters the water supply tank 67 by driving the circulation pump 85.

Therefore, there is an eco-friendly advantage by inhaling and removing foreign substances such as soil generated during washing, and also provides an eco-friendly advantage to reduce water consumption by reusing and purifying the washing water sprayed during cutting.

The nozzle conveyance unit 70 is also driven when the water washing unit 60 is driven to reciprocate along the longitudinal direction of the drum 40. When the feed motor 73 of the nozzle transfer unit 70 is driven, the pinion 72 is rotated so that the rack 71 linearly reciprocates, and thus the guide roller 74 guides the guide rod 76 along the guide rod 76. While guiding the water supply pipe 66 to reciprocate in the horizontal direction. Therefore, the vortex injection nozzle 61 is injected by the nozzle transfer part 70 while being reciprocated in the horizontal direction, so that the washing water is evenly sprayed on the ginseng.

The ginseng washed in the drum 40 is supplied to the rinsing unit 90 on the outlet side of the drum 40, and is washed secondly by water sprayed from the vortex jet nozzle 91 of the rinsing unit 90. Here, the vortex injection nozzle 91 of the rinsing unit 90 has the same configuration and function as the vortex injection nozzle 61 of the water washing unit 60, and thus a detailed description thereof will be omitted.

Ginseng passing through the rinsing unit 90 is supplied to the drying unit (100). Air is sprayed from the air spray nozzle 101 of the drying unit 100 to dry the last washed ginseng.

The dried ginseng removes foreign substances such as pieces of metal contained in the ginseng while passing through the metal separator 110. The metal selector 110 is provided with a magnet so that the metal is attached.

Eco-friendly ginseng washing device of the present invention has the following advantages.

First, air is sprayed around the ginseng and water is sprayed to clean the ginseng so that the legs around the ginseng are not subjected to excessive pressure and thus the ginseng's legs and the roots are not damaged during the washing process.

Therefore, since ginseng is washed in its original state, it does not reduce the commerciality of ginseng, thereby improving the yield of farmers.

Second, when ginseng is supplied to the supply conveyor 10, the air is injected through the air spray nozzle 21 of the air cleaning unit 20, and foreign substances such as soil attached to the ginseng are dropped. Since the air injected from the air spray nozzle 21 is smoothly blown between the circumference of ginseng and between the ginseng legs and between the thread roots, foreign substances in every corner can be effectively dropped.

Third, the ginseng from which the foreign matter is first removed from the air washing unit 20 is supplied to the drum 40 and secondly washed from the vortex jet nozzle 61 of the water washing unit 60.

The vortex injection nozzle 61 guides the spraying direction of the injected water in a spiral direction to form a vortex. Accordingly, the water sprayed from the vortex jet nozzle 61 rotates and forms a vortex while forming a vortex. By spraying, it washes every corner of the ginseng and thus makes it easier to eliminate various foreign substances adhering to the ginseng, so that the ginseng is washed more cleanly.

Fourth, the eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus of the present invention after the first washing in the drum 40, the washing water is recovered and purified by the purification unit 80 and the purified washing water is supplied back to the water washing unit 60 is recycled.

Therefore, since the washing water is recycled after being purified, the consumption of water can be greatly reduced. As a result, the operating cost of the eco-friendly ginseng washing device can be reduced as well as water pollution.

Fifth, the eco-friendly ginseng washing device of the present invention passes through the final ginseng metal sorter (110). Therefore, the metal pieces included in the ginseng are removed while attached to the metal sorter 110. Therefore, the inclusion of metal components in the post-treatment process of washed ginseng is blocked.

10: supply conveyor 20: air cleaning unit
21,101: Air spray nozzle 30: Mesh screen device (30)
31: mesh screen 32: support frame
33: vibration frame 34: vibrator
35: buffer spring 40: drum
41: drain hole 42: vane
43: drum base 44: cover
50: drum drive unit 51: driving roller
52: support roller 53: drive motor
60: water washing unit 61,91: vortex jet nozzle
62: fastening portion 63: conical body
64: spiral guide groove 65: injection hole
66: water supply pipe 67: water supply tank
68: high pressure pump 70: nozzle transfer unit
71: rack 72: pinion
73: feed motor 74: guide roller
75: roller bracket 76: guide rod
77: fixing bracket 80: purification unit
81: suction pipe 82: vacuum suction pump
83: purification case 84: porous plate
85: circulation pump 86: container
87: collection hole 88: air nozzle
89: air compressor 90: rinsing unit
100: drying unit 110: metal sorter

Claims (4)

  1. Ginseng to be washed is supplied and the supply conveyor (10) for transporting the ginseng input;
    An air cleaning unit 20 installed at one side of the supply conveyor 10 and having an air spray nozzle 21 installed to spray foreign matters such as soil from the ginseng by spraying air to the ginseng supplied therefrom;
    Installed on one side of the air cleaning unit 20 and made of a polyurethane material and arranged in a horizontal and vertical direction and detachably coupled to the plurality of mesh screens 31, installed on the lower portion of the mesh screens 31 And a support frame 32 for supporting it, and a vibration frame 33 installed between an upper portion of the support frame 32 and a lower portion of the mesh screen 31 to support the mesh screens 31 and vibrate the mesh screens 31. And a vibrator 34 installed on the vibrating frame 33 to vibrate the vibrating frame 33, and a vibrating frame 33 when the vibrator 34 is driven by being installed between the support frame 32 and the vibrating frame 33. It is composed of a buffer spring (35) for supporting so as to prevent the vibration of the vibrator (34) from being transmitted to the support frame (32), to drop foreign substances such as soil from the ginseng supplied from the air cleaning unit (20) pleasure Mesh screen device (30) for;
    It is installed to rotate on the drum base 43 of one side of the mesh screen device 30 and the ginseng supplied from the mesh screen device 30 is introduced and spiral vanes along the inner circumferential surface to wash the introduced ginseng while moving from one side to the other side ( 42, which is provided with a drum (40);
    A driving roller 51 in close contact with one side of the outer circumferential surface of the drum 40 to support and rotate the drum 40, a support roller 52 in close contact with the other outer circumferential surface of the drum 40 to support the drum 40; A drum driving part 50 connected to the driving roller 51 and including a driving motor 53 for rotating the driving roller 51 and the drum 40;
    The water supply pipe 66 is installed in the drum 40, the plurality of vortex injection nozzles 61 for injecting water into the ginseng introduced into the drum 40, the vortex injection nozzles 61, and water A water supply tank 67 connected to the supply pipe 66 to supply water to the vortex injection nozzle 61, and a water supply tank 67 and a water supply tank 67 to connect the water to the water supply tank 67; Water washing unit 60 consisting of a high pressure pump 68 for pumping the water supply pipe 66;
    A nozzle conveying part 70 connected to the water supply pipe 66 of the water washing part 60 and reciprocating in the horizontal direction along the longitudinal direction thereof;
    A purifying unit 80 connected to the drum 40 and the water washing unit 60 to suck and settle various foreign substances generated when washing ginseng, and to purify the sprayed water by recirculating the sprayed water into the water washing unit 60;
    A rinsing unit 90 installed at the outlet side of the drum 40 and having a vortex jet nozzle 91 for rinsing the first washed ginseng by spraying water on the ginseng discharged from the drum 40;
    A drying unit 100 installed at one side of the rinsing unit 90 and having an air spray nozzle 101 installed to dry the ginseng having been cleaned by spraying air to the ginseng supplied from the rinsing unit 90;
    Eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus, characterized in that consisting of; a metal sorter (110) is installed on one side of the drying unit 100 and selects and removes metal components from the ginseng passed through the drying unit (100).
  2. The vortex jet nozzle 61 according to claim 1,
    A threaded threaded portion 62 for fastening with the hose, a hollow conical body 63 integrally extending downwardly from the fastening portion 62, and a through-hole formed in a spiral direction in the conical body 63; Eco-friendly ginseng, characterized in that formed in the spiral direction on the outer surface of the injection hole 65, the conical body 63 is composed of a spiral guide groove 64 for guiding the injection direction of water from the injection hole 65 in the spiral direction. Washing device.
  3. The method of claim 1, wherein the nozzle transfer unit 70,
    A pin 71 connected to the water supply pipe 66 of the water washing unit 60 and reciprocating in the horizontal direction along the longitudinal direction thereof, and a pinion 72 engaged with the rack 71 to linearly reciprocate it; , A feed motor 73 connected to the pinion 72 to rotate it, a pair of guide rollers 74 coupled to the other side of the water washing unit 60, and a pair of guide rollers 74 to be seated. Eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus, characterized in that consisting of a guide rod (76) fixed to the base 43 to guide the drive of the guide roller (74).
  4. The method according to claim 1, Purification unit 80,
    One end is connected to the drum base 43 to suck the washing water containing foreign matters such as soil when washing ginseng, and the suction pipe 81 is connected to the suction tube 81 to suck and wash the washing water in the drum base 43. The purifying case 83 connected to the vacuum suction pump 82 and the other end of the suction pipe 81 to introduce the washing water sucked from the vacuum suction pump 82 and separates and cleans foreign substances such as soil contained in the washing water from the washing water. And, it is installed inside the purification case 83 to filter various foreign matter and arranged in a state in which the plurality of spaced up and down spaced inclined and the hole diameter of the one arranged at the top of the plurality of the largest and arranged below The hole diameter is a circulating pump for supplying the porous plates 84, which are gradually formed in smaller diameters, and the purified water collected at the bottom of the purification case 83 to the water supply tank 67 of the water washing unit 60. (85), the container (86) which is mounted in communication with the rear wall of the purification case 83, and stores the various foreign matter filtered, and the lower upper portion of each porous plate 84 on the rear wall of the purification case (83) And a collection hole 87 formed at a portion coinciding with the purification case 83 and the collection container 86, and installed in the purification case 83 and filtered on the porous plate 84, and the collection container 86. The air nozzle 88 and the air nozzle 88 to allow foreign matter accumulated in the porous plate 84 to settle into the container 86 by allowing high-pressure air to be injected to the porous plate 84 side when it is accumulated without flowing down. Eco-friendly ginseng washing apparatus, characterized in that consisting of an air compressor (89) for supplying high pressure air to the air nozzle (88) side.
KR1020100046528A 2010-05-18 2010-05-18 Ginseng washer KR101122047B1 (en)

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KR101780484B1 (en) * 2015-06-04 2017-09-21 주식회사 동광테크 Washing device
KR20180127875A (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-11-30 (주) 산광 Auto cleaning Device for crop
KR102088146B1 (en) * 2020-01-06 2020-03-11 박규락 Frozen pepper steam sterilization system

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KR101364575B1 (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-02-19 동서대학교산학협력단 Auto washing machine by top-down moving
KR101352613B1 (en) * 2012-12-27 2014-01-17 김지현 Machines for cleaning vegetables
KR101407391B1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-06-19 동서대학교산학협력단 Apparatus for washing spinach using manually operable linkage
CN103689755B (en) * 2013-12-10 2016-03-02 榆林市富瑞仕红枣机械研发有限公司 A kind of automation red date purging system
CN104351923B (en) * 2014-11-14 2017-01-11 张超 Mushroom washing machine
CN108746016A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-06 安徽扬子职业技术学院 A kind of automobile die cycle high-efficiency washing device
CN108787434A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-13 安徽华瑞医药技术开发有限公司 A kind of grain-drying and screening integrated apparatus

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KR200203166Y1 (en) 2000-05-13 2000-11-15 송인수 Washing apparatus of jinseng
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KR200203166Y1 (en) 2000-05-13 2000-11-15 송인수 Washing apparatus of jinseng
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KR100865283B1 (en) 2008-03-28 2008-10-27 음성군 Dehydrating device for ginseng

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101780484B1 (en) * 2015-06-04 2017-09-21 주식회사 동광테크 Washing device
KR20180127875A (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-11-30 (주) 산광 Auto cleaning Device for crop
KR101985748B1 (en) * 2017-05-22 2019-06-04 (주) 산광 Auto cleaning Device for crop
KR102088146B1 (en) * 2020-01-06 2020-03-11 박규락 Frozen pepper steam sterilization system

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