CN112220070B - Surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device - Google Patents

Surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112220070B
CN112220070B CN202011198358.1A CN202011198358A CN112220070B CN 112220070 B CN112220070 B CN 112220070B CN 202011198358 A CN202011198358 A CN 202011198358A CN 112220070 B CN112220070 B CN 112220070B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
driving wheel
bevel gear
rotating shaft
column
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CN202011198358.1A
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CN112220070A (en
Inventor
张小凤
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ANHUI SHIMAO TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE Co.,Ltd.
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Anhui Shimao Traditional Chinese Medicine Co ltd
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Priority to CN202011198358.1A priority Critical patent/CN112220070B/en
Publication of CN112220070A publication Critical patent/CN112220070A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/02Cleaning travelling work, e.g. a web, articles on a conveyor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/022Cleaning travelling work
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, in particular to a surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device. The technical problem of the invention is that: provides a surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device. A surrounding type radix astragali skin scraping device comprises a scrubbing mechanism, a drying and cleaning mechanism, a skin scraping mechanism, a second fixed support leg, a third fixed support leg and the like; the working machine bed plate is connected with the operation control screen; the lower part of the working machine bed plate is sequentially connected with a first fixed support leg column, a second fixed support leg column and a third fixed support leg column. The invention realizes the automatic scrubbing of the clay adhered to the surface of the fresh unearthed radix astragali, simulates hands to repeatedly scrub the surface of the fresh unearthed radix astragali, thoroughly cleans and separates the clay, repeatedly cleans and dries the surface of the fresh unearthed radix astragali, automatically scrapes the epidermis of the radix astragali through accurate positioning, automatically detects the sunken part of the surface of the radix astragali, and repeatedly scrapes the skin of the sunken part.

Description

Surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, in particular to a surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device.
Background
Astragalus root, name of Chinese medicinal material. The product is root of Astragalus membranaceus bge of Leguminosae. Digging in spring and autumn, removing soil, fibrous root and root head, drying in the sun to six or seven percent, straightening, bundling and drying in the sun. The main functional indications are as follows: tonify qi, strengthen superficies, expel toxin, expel pus, induce diuresis, and promote granulation. Can be used for treating deficiency of vital energy, asthenia, chronic diarrhea, proctoptosis, spontaneous perspiration, edema, uterine prolapse, albuminuria due to chronic nephritis, diabetes, and unhealed wound.
The prior art Chinese patent CN207692923U aims at the problem that astragalus root is generally sold in a sheet form in the prior art, so that the root of astragalus root needs to be sliced. Before slicing, the roots of Astragalus membranaceus are scraped. The traditional manner of scraping the skin is to scrape the radix astragali root by using a hand-held iron brush and other tools. This is inefficient and can cause fatigue and even disease over long periods of time. Meanwhile, the astragalus epidermis removed in the scraping process can not be effectively utilized, so that the waste of traditional Chinese medicinal materials is caused, and a dust-free astragalus scraping device is disclosed, wherein a roller brush is driven to rotate by a driving motor, the astragalus epidermis is scraped by friction force, and the scraped astragalus epidermis is absorbed by an astragalus epidermis recovery device, so that the dry astragalus epidermis can not be suspended in the air to generate dust, and meanwhile, the astragalus epidermis can also be recovered and utilized, but the problem is overcome, but in the using process, the astragalus epidermis is rubbed by rotating the roller brush, because the force cannot be accurately controlled in the rotating process of the roller brush, the roller brush can penetrate into the astragalus after contacting the astragalus to scrape partial effective components in the astragalus epidermis, and meanwhile, the rotating friction of the roller brush can form a concave trace on the astragalus surface, so that the drug effect and the aesthetic property of the subsequent astragalus are influenced, simultaneously it is not to the clean processing before the skin is scraped to the earth on astragalus surface, and then adopts the gyro wheel brush to scrape the skin in-process to it, and the gyro wheel brush can be scraped the earth of epidermis, and this kind of dry earth can float in the air promptly, causes the secondary and floats the dirt and pollutes, and there is the position that the part is sunken on the astragalus surface simultaneously, and the inside astragalus skin of this kind of sunken position is difficult to get rid of.
In order to solve the problems, a surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects that in the prior art, a roller brush is adopted to rotate and rub the astragalus membranaceus epidermis, the force cannot be accurately controlled in the rotation process of the roller brush, the roller brush can penetrate into the astragalus membranaceus after contacting the astragalus membranaceus, part of effective ingredients in the astragalus membranaceus epidermis are scraped out, meanwhile, the roller brush can form a concave trace on the surface of the astragalus membranaceus due to the rotation friction, the drug effect and the attractiveness of the subsequent astragalus membranaceus are influenced, meanwhile, the cleaning treatment before scraping the astragalus membranaceus is not performed on the soil on the surface of the astragalus membranaceus, and further, in the peeling process of the astragalus membranaceus, the roller brush can scrape the soil on the epidermis, namely, the dry soil can float in the air to cause secondary floating dust pollution, and the astragalus membranaceus on the surface of the astragalus membranaceus have a partially concave position, and the astragalus membranaceus in the concave position are difficult to remove, the technical problem of the invention is that: provides a surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device.
A surrounding type radix astragali skin scraping device comprises a working machine bed plate, an operation control screen, a first fixed support leg, a scrubbing mechanism, a drying and cleaning mechanism, a skin scraping mechanism, a second fixed support leg and a third fixed support leg; the working machine bed plate is connected with the operation control screen; the lower part of the working machine bed plate is sequentially connected with a first fixed support leg column, a second fixed support leg column and a third fixed support leg column; the upper part of the working machine tool plate is connected with the scrubbing mechanism; the lower part of the scrubbing mechanism is connected with the drying and cleaning mechanism; the drying and cleaning mechanism is connected with the peeling mechanism; the first fixed support leg is connected with the drying and cleaning mechanism; the drying and cleaning mechanism is connected with the second fixed support leg; the drying and cleaning mechanism is connected with the third fixed support leg; the bed plate of the working machine is connected with the peeling mechanism;
the scrubbing mechanism comprises a first elevating frame, a first lateral limiting sliding plate, a first rotating disc, a first driving wheel, a linkage convex column, a linkage frame strip, a first rack rail plate, a fixed sliding chute plate, a first flat gear, a second driving wheel, a third driving wheel, a second flat gear, a first flexible wave scrubbing plate, a second rack rail plate, a water inlet pipe head, a first fixed hollow sliding plate, a first internal thread sliding block, a first lead screw, a fourth driving wheel, a fifth driving wheel, a sixth driving wheel, a seventh driving wheel, a first rotating shaft rod, a first bevel gear, a second bevel gear, a first telescopic rotating shaft, a first propelling bearing sleeve plate, a first electric push rod, an eighth driving wheel, a second lead screw, a second internal thread sliding block and a second fixed hollow sliding plate; the upper part of the first elevating frame is connected with a first lateral limiting sliding plate; the upper part of the first elevating frame is rotationally connected with the first rotating disc; the axle center of the first rotating disc is fixedly connected with the first driving wheel; the first rotating disc is connected with the linkage convex column; the outer surface of the linkage convex column is connected with the linkage frame strip in a sliding way; the upper part of the linkage frame strip is sequentially connected with the first rack rail plate and the fixed sliding chute plate; the first rack rail plate is connected with the fixed sliding chute plate; the fixed chute plate is in sliding connection with the first lateral limiting sliding plate; the first rack rail plate is meshed with the first flat gear; the first flat gear is connected with the first elevating frame; the axle center of the first flat gear is fixedly connected with the second transmission wheel; the outer ring surface of the second driving wheel is in transmission connection with a third driving wheel through a belt; the axle center of the third driving wheel is fixedly connected with the second flat gear; the axle center of the second flat gear is rotationally connected with the first elevating frame; the first elevating frame is connected with the first flexible wave washboard; a second flexible wave washboard is arranged above the first flexible wave washboard; the second flexible wave washboard is connected with the second rack rail plate; the second flexible wave washboard is connected with the water inlet pipe head; the second flexible wave washboard is connected with the first fixed hollow sliding plate; the inner side of the first fixed hollow sliding plate is in sliding connection with the first internal thread sliding block; the inner side of the first internal thread sliding block is in sliding connection with the first screw rod; the lower part of the first screw rod is fixedly connected with a fourth driving wheel; the outer ring surface of the fourth driving wheel is in transmission connection with the fifth driving wheel through a belt; the axle center of the fifth driving wheel is fixedly connected with the sixth driving wheel; the outer ring surface of the sixth driving wheel is in transmission connection with the seventh driving wheel through a belt; the axle center of the seventh driving wheel is fixedly connected with the first rotating shaft rod; the first rotating shaft rod is fixedly connected with the first bevel gear; the first bevel gear is meshed with the second bevel gear; the second bevel gear core is fixedly connected with the first telescopic rotating shaft; the outer surface of the first telescopic rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the first propelling bearing sleeve plate; the first propelling bearing sleeve plate is connected with the first electric push rod; the outer surface of the first telescopic rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the eighth driving wheel; the axle center of the fifth driving wheel is fixedly connected with the second screw rod; the outer surface of the second screw rod is in sliding connection with the second internal thread sliding block; the outer surface of the second internal thread sliding block is in sliding connection with the second fixed hollow sliding plate; the second fixed hollow sliding plate is connected with a second flexible wave washboard; the lower part of the first elevating frame is connected with the working machine tool plate; the lower part of the fourth driving wheel is connected with a working machine tool plate; the lower part of the sixth driving wheel is connected with a working machine tool plate; the outer surface of the first rotating shaft rod is connected with a working machine tool plate; the first electric push rod is connected with the working machine tool plate; the first telescopic rotating shaft is connected with the working machine tool plate; the lower part of the first driving wheel is connected with a drying and cleaning mechanism; the lower part of the eighth driving wheel is connected with a drying and cleaning mechanism;
the drying and cleaning mechanism comprises a first collecting plate, a hot air nozzle, a water spray head, a friction cleaning seat brush plate, a material conveying belt, a third bevel gear, a second collecting plate, a fourth bevel gear, a second rotating shaft rod, a ninth driving wheel, a fifth bevel gear and a power motor; the first gathering plate is connected with the hot air spray head and the water spray head in sequence; a friction cleaning seat brush plate is arranged below the sprinkler bead; a material conveying belt is arranged below the water spray head and the friction cleaning seat brush plate; the material conveying belt is in transmission connection with the third bevel gear; the axle center of the third bevel gear is connected with the second gathering plate; the third bevel gear is meshed with the fourth bevel gear; the axle center of the fourth bevel gear is fixedly connected with the second rotating shaft rod; the outer surface of the second rotating shaft rod is fixedly connected with a ninth driving wheel and a fifth bevel gear in sequence; the second rotating shaft rod is fixedly connected with the power motor; the first gathering plate is connected with the first fixed supporting leg column; the first gathering plate is connected with the second fixed support leg; the friction cleaning seat brush plate is connected with the first fixed support leg column; the friction cleaning seat brush plate is connected with the second fixed support leg column; the material conveying belt is connected with the first fixed support leg column; the material conveying belt is connected with the second fixed support leg; the second gathering plate is connected with the second fixed support leg; the second gathering plate is connected with the third fixed supporting leg column; the upper part of the third bevel gear is connected with the first driving wheel; the upper part of the ninth driving wheel is connected with an eighth driving wheel; the fifth bevel gear is connected with the peeling mechanism;
the peeling mechanism comprises a sixth bevel gear, a second telescopic rotating shaft, a third gathering plate, a seventh bevel gear, an eighth bevel gear, a ninth bevel gear, a third rotating shaft rod, a tenth driving wheel, a second propelling bearing sleeve plate, a second electric push rod, an eleventh driving wheel, a third screw rod, a first bearing frame plate, a second bearing frame plate, a first limiting slide rod, an internal thread sliding column, a peeling ring clamp, a first fixing clamp, a second fixing clamp, a fourth gathering plate, a first electric slide rail, a first telescopic pushing-up column, an electric peeling roller, a second electric slide rail, a second telescopic pushing-up column and a pressure sensor; the axis of the sixth bevel gear is fixedly connected with the second telescopic rotating shaft; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the third collecting plate; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a seventh bevel gear and an eighth bevel gear in sequence; the eighth bevel gear is fixedly connected with the ninth bevel gear; the axis of the ninth bevel gear is fixedly connected with the third rotating shaft rod; the outer surface of the third rotating shaft rod is rotationally connected with the third collecting plate; the outer surface of the third rotating shaft rod is fixedly connected with a tenth driving wheel; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft is rotatably connected with a second propelling bearing sleeve plate; the second propulsion bearing sleeve plate is connected with a second electric push rod; the second electric push rod is connected with the third collecting plate; the outer ring surface of the tenth driving wheel is in transmission connection with the eleventh driving wheel through a belt; the axle center of the eleventh transmission wheel is fixedly connected with the third screw rod; the outer surface of the third screw rod is rotationally connected with the first bearing frame plate; the third screw rod is rotatably connected with the second bearing frame plate; the first bearing frame plate is connected with the first limiting slide rod; the second bearing frame plate is connected with the first limiting slide rod; the outer surface of the third screw rod is in sliding connection with the internal thread sliding column; the internal thread sliding column is in sliding connection with the first limiting sliding rod; the lower part of the internal thread sliding column is connected with the scraping ring clamp; the lower part of the first bearing frame plate is connected with a fourth collecting plate; the upper part of the fourth collecting plate is connected with the second bearing frame plate; one side above the fourth gathering plate is connected with the first fixing clamp, and the other side above the fourth gathering plate is connected with the second fixing clamp; the upper part of the fourth collecting plate is connected with a first electric slide rail; the first electric sliding rail is in sliding connection with the first telescopic upper pushing column; the upper part of the first telescopic push-up column is connected with an electric leather grinding roller; the upper part of the fourth collecting plate is connected with a second electric slide rail; the second electric sliding rail is in sliding connection with the second telescopic upper pushing column; the upper part of the second telescopic upper pushing column is connected with a pressure sensor; the lower part of the fourth collecting plate is connected with a working machine tool plate; the upper part of the third collecting plate is connected with a working machine tool plate; the sixth bevel gear is connected with the fifth bevel gear;
the first fixing clamp comprises an elevated fixing column, an electric rotating shaft, a rotating sleeve, a first telescopic seat, a first clamping plate, a second telescopic seat and a second clamping plate; the upper part of the elevated fixing column is connected with the electric rotating shaft; the inner side of the electric rotating shaft is sleeved with the rotating sleeve; the inner side of the rotating sleeve is connected with the first telescopic seat; the upper part of the first telescopic seat is connected with a first clamping plate; the inner side of the rotating sleeve is connected with the second telescopic seat; the lower part of the second telescopic seat is connected with a second clamping plate; the lower part of the elevating fixing column is connected with a fourth gathering plate.
Further, the inner side surfaces of the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are provided with raised rubber pads.
Further, the surface of the electric leather-grinding roller is provided with uniform bulges.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: 1. in order to solve the problems that in the prior art, a roller brush is adopted to rotate and rub the astragalus membranaceus epidermis, force cannot be accurately controlled in the rotation process of the roller brush, the roller brush can go deep into the astragalus membranaceus after contacting the astragalus membranaceus, partial effective ingredients in the astragalus membranaceus epidermis are scraped out, meanwhile, the roller brush can enable the surface of the astragalus membranaceus to form a sunken trace, the drug effect and the attractiveness of the follow-up astragalus membranaceus are affected, meanwhile, the roller brush does not conduct cleaning treatment before scraping the astragalus membranaceus surface soil, and then the roller brush is adopted to scrape the astragalus membranaceus, the roller brush can scrape the soil on the epidermis, namely, the dry soil can float in the air, secondary floating dust pollution is caused, meanwhile, a partial sunken position exists in the surface of the astragalus membranaceus, and the astragalus membranaceus in the sunken position cannot be removed easily.
2. The scrubbing mechanism, the drying and cleaning mechanism and the peeling mechanism are designed, when in use, fresh astragalus is added into the scrubbing mechanism at first to simulate manual work to clean the soil on the surface of the astragalus, then the scrubbed astragalus is added into the drying and cleaning mechanism to be subsequently cleaned and dried, the astragalus with a clean surface is obtained, finally the astragalus is added into the peeling mechanism, the peel of the fresh astragalus is scraped, and the astragalus with the peeled peel is obtained.
3. Realized rubbing with the hands and repeatedly rubbing with the hands and wash its surface to the automation of the earth of fresh unearthed radix astragali surface adhesion, thoroughly cleaned the separation with earth to clean the stoving repeatedly, and carry out automatic scraping with the radix astragali epidermis through accurate location, and carry out automated inspection to the sunken position on radix astragali surface, then carry out the effect of repeated skin scraping to the sunk part.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the scrubbing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a drying and cleaning mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the peeling mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a first fixing clip according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the peeling ring clip of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the electric peeling roller of the present invention.
In the above drawings: 1: working machine bed board, 2: operation control screen, 3: first fixed leg post, 4: scrubbing mechanism, 5: stoving wiper mechanism, 6: peeling mechanism, 7: second fixed leg post, 8: third fixed leg post, 401: first elevated block, 402: first lateral limit slide plate, 403: first rotating disk, 404: first drive wheel, 405: linkage convex column, 406: linkage frame strip, 407: first rack plate, 408: fixed chute plate, 409: first spur gear, 4010: second drive wheel, 4011: third drive wheel, 4012: second spur gear, 4013: first flexible wave washboard, 4014: second flexible wave washboard, 4015: second rack plate, 4016: water inlet pipe head, 4017: first stationary hollow slide, 4018: first internally threaded slider, 4019: first lead screw, 4020: fourth transmission wheel, 4021: fifth transmission wheel, 4022: sixth transmission wheel, 4023: seventh transmission wheel, 4024: first spindle shaft, 4025: first bevel gear, 4026: second bevel gear, 4027: first telescopic rotating shaft, 4028: first thrust bearing race plate, 4029: first electric putter, 4030: eighth transmission wheel, 4031: second lead screw, 4032: second internally threaded slider, 4033: second stationary hollow slide, 501: first collection plate, 502: hot air shower, 503: sprinkler head, 504: friction cleaning seat brush plate, 505: material conveyor belt, 506: third bevel gear, 507: second collective plate, 508: fourth bevel gear, 509: second pivot shaft, 5010: ninth drive wheel, 5011: fifth bevel gear, 5012: power motor, 601: sixth bevel gear, 602: second telescopic rotating shaft, 603: third collective plate, 604: seventh bevel gear, 605: eighth bevel gear, 606: ninth bevel gear, 607: third rotating shaft rod, 608: tenth transmission wheel, 609: second thrust bearing race plate, 6010: second electric putter, 6011: eleventh transmission wheel, 6012: third screw, 6013: first bearing frame plate, 6014: second bearing bracket plate, 6015: first limiting slide bar, 6016: internal threaded sliding column, 6017: scarping ring clip, 6018: first fixing clip, 6019: second fixing clip, 6020: fourth collection plate, 6021: first electric slide rail, 6022: first telescopic push-up column, 6023: electric buffing roller, 6024: second electric slide rail, 6025: second telescopic push-up column, 6026: pressure sensor, 601801: elevated fixation posts, 601802: electric rotating shaft, 601803: rotating sleeve, 601804: first telescopic seat, 601805: first clamping plate, 601806: second telescopic seat, 601807: a second splint.
Detailed Description
The present invention now will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which presently preferred embodiments of the invention are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided for completeness and fully convey the scope of the invention to the skilled person.
Example 1
A surrounding type radix astragali skin scraping device is shown in figures 1-7 and comprises a working machine bed plate 1, an operation control screen 2, a first fixed support leg 3, a scrubbing mechanism 4, a drying and cleaning mechanism 5, a skin scraping mechanism 6, a second fixed support leg 7 and a third fixed support leg 8; the working machine bed plate 1 is connected with the operation control screen 2; the lower part of the working machine bed plate 1 is sequentially connected with a first fixed support leg column 3, a second fixed support leg column 7 and a third fixed support leg column 8; the upper part of the bed plate 1 of the working machine is connected with a scrubbing mechanism 4; the lower part of the scrubbing mechanism 4 is connected with a drying and cleaning mechanism 5; the drying and cleaning mechanism 5 is connected with the peeling mechanism 6; the first fixed support leg column 3 is connected with a drying and cleaning mechanism 5; the drying and cleaning mechanism 5 is connected with a second fixed support leg post 7; the drying and cleaning mechanism 5 is connected with a third fixed support leg column 8; the working machine bed plate 1 is connected with a peeling mechanism 6.
When the surrounding type radix astragali skin scraping device is used, firstly, the device is stably fixed to a working plane, an external water inlet pipe is connected with a rubbing mechanism 4 and a drying and washing mechanism 5 in the device, then, a power supply is connected externally, an operation control screen 2 is manually opened, then, a power supply in the device is connected through the operation control screen 2, firstly, fresh radix astragali is added into the rubbing mechanism 4 to simulate manual work to wash soil on the surface of the radix astragali, then, the rubbed radix astragali is added into the drying and washing mechanism 5 to carry out subsequent washing and drying to obtain radix astragali with clean surface, finally, the radix astragali is added into a skin scraping mechanism 6 to scrape the skin of the fresh radix astragali to obtain the scraped radix astragali, so that the automatic rubbing of the soil adhered to the surface of the fresh unearthed radix astragali is realized, the surface of the fresh unearthed radix astragali is repeatedly rubbed by a hand to thoroughly clean and separate the soil, and clean the stoving repeatedly to carry out automatic scraping with the astragalus epidermis through accurate location, and carry out automated inspection to the sunken position on astragalus surface, then carry out the effect of repeated skin scraping to the sunken part.
The scrubbing mechanism 4 comprises a first elevating rack 401, a first lateral limiting sliding plate 402, a first rotating disc 403, a first driving wheel 404, a linkage convex column 405, a linkage frame strip 406, a first tooth rail plate 407, a fixed sliding chute plate 408, a first flat gear 409, a second driving wheel 4010, a third driving wheel 4011, a second flat gear 4012, a first flexible wave washboard 4013, a second flexible wave washboard 4014, a second tooth rail plate 4015 and a water inlet pipe head 4016, the device comprises a first fixed hollow sliding plate 4017, a first internal thread slider 4018, a first screw rod 4019, a fourth transmission wheel 4020, a fifth transmission wheel 4021, a sixth transmission wheel 4022, a seventh transmission wheel 4023, a first rotating shaft rod 4024, a first bevel gear 4025, a second bevel gear 4026, a first telescopic rotating shaft 4027, a first thrust bearing sleeve plate 4028, a first electric push rod 4029, an eighth transmission wheel 4030, a second screw rod 4031, a second internal thread slider 4032 and a second fixed hollow sliding plate 4033; the upper part of the first heightening frame 401 is connected with a first lateral limiting sliding plate 402; the upper part of the first elevating frame 401 is rotationally connected with a first rotating disc 403; the axle center of the first rotating disc 403 is fixedly connected with the first driving wheel 404; the first rotating disc 403 is connected with the linkage convex column 405; the outer surface of the linkage convex column 405 is connected with the linkage frame strip 406 in a sliding way; the upper part of the linkage frame strip 406 is connected with a first rack rail plate 407 and a fixed sliding groove plate 408 in sequence; the first rack rail plate 407 is connected with the fixed chute plate 408; the fixed chute plate 408 is in sliding connection with the first lateral limiting slide plate 402; the first rack plate 407 engages with the first spur gear 409; the first flat gear 409 is connected with the first elevating frame 401; the axle center of the first flat gear 409 is fixedly connected with the second driving wheel 4010; the outer ring surface of the second driving wheel 4010 is in transmission connection with a third driving wheel 4011 through a belt; the axle center of the third driving wheel 4011 is fixedly connected with the second flat gear 4012; the axle center of the second flat gear 4012 is rotationally connected with the first heightening frame 401; the first elevating frame 401 is connected with a first flexible wave washboard 4013; a second flexible wave washboard 4014 is arranged above the first flexible wave washboard 4013; the second flexible wave washboard 4014 is connected with the second rack rail plate 4015; the second flexible wave washboard 4014 is connected with the water inlet pipe head 4016; the second flexible wave washboard 4014 is connected with the first fixed hollow sliding plate 4017; the inner side of the first fixed hollow sliding plate 4017 is in sliding connection with a first internal thread sliding block 4018; the inner side of the first internal thread sliding block 4018 is in sliding connection with a first screw rod 4019; the lower part of the first screw 4019 is fixedly connected with a fourth driving wheel 4020; the outer ring surface of the fourth driving wheel 4020 is in transmission connection with the fifth driving wheel 4021 through a belt; the axle center of the fifth driving wheel 4021 is fixedly connected with the sixth driving wheel 4022; the outer ring surface of the sixth driving wheel 4022 is in transmission connection with a seventh driving wheel 4023 through a belt; the axle center of the seventh transmission wheel 4023 is fixedly connected with the first rotating shaft rod 4024; the first rotating shaft rod 4024 is fixedly connected with the first bevel gear 4025; the first bevel gear 4025 is engaged with the second bevel gear 4026; the axis of the second bevel gear 4026 is fixedly connected with the first telescopic rotating shaft 4027; the outer surface of the first telescopic rotating shaft 4027 is in rotary connection with a first thrust bearing sleeve plate 4028; the first thrust bearing sleeve plate 4028 is connected with a first electric push rod 4029; the outer surface of the first telescopic rotating shaft 4027 is fixedly connected with an eighth driving wheel 4030; the axle center of the fifth driving wheel 4021 is fixedly connected with the second lead screw 4031; the outer surface of the second screw 4031 is connected with a second internal thread slider 4032 in a sliding way; the outer surface of the second internal thread sliding block 4032 is in sliding connection with a second fixed hollow sliding plate 4033; the second fixed hollow sliding plate 4033 is connected with the second flexible wave washboard 4014; the lower part of the first heightening frame 401 is connected with a working machine bed plate 1; the lower part of the fourth transmission wheel 4020 is connected with a working machine bed plate 1; the lower part of the sixth transmission wheel 4022 is connected with a working machine bed plate 1; the outer surface of the first rotating shaft rod 4024 is connected with the working machine bed plate 1; the first electric push rod 4029 is connected with the working machine bed plate 1; the first telescopic rotating shaft 4027 is connected with the working machine bed plate 1; the lower part of the first driving wheel 404 is connected with a drying and cleaning mechanism 5; the lower part of the eighth transmission wheel 4030 is connected with a drying and cleaning mechanism 5.
Firstly, the unearthed astragalus membranaceus is placed above a first flexible wave rubbing plate 4013, then a ninth driving wheel 5010 drives an eighth driving wheel 4030 to rotate, then the eighth driving wheel 4030 drives a first telescopic rotating shaft 4027 to rotate, then the first telescopic rotating shaft 4027 drives a second bevel gear 4026 to rotate, then a first electric push rod 4029 is controlled to push out, then the first electric push rod 4029 drives a first push bearing sleeve 4028 to push out, then the first push bearing sleeve 4028 drives a first telescopic rotating shaft 4027 to extend out, further the first telescopic rotating shaft 4027 drives the second bevel gear 4026 to move to a position where the second bevel gear 4026 is meshed with the first bevel gear 4025, then the first bevel gear 4025 drives a first rotating shaft rod 4024 to rotate, the first rotating shaft rod 4024 drives a seventh driving wheel 4023 to rotate, then the seventh driving wheel 4023 drives a sixth driving wheel 4022 to rotate, then the sixth driving wheel 4022 drives a fifth driving wheel 4021 to rotate, then the fifth driving wheel 4021 drives the second screw 4031 to rotate, meanwhile, the fifth driving wheel 4021 drives the fourth driving wheel 4020 to rotate, the fourth driving wheel 4020 drives the first screw 4019 to rotate, further, the first screw 4019 and the second screw 4031 rotate simultaneously to respectively drive the first internal thread slider 4018 and the second internal thread slider 4032 to slide downwards, further, the first internal thread slider 4018 and the second internal thread slider 4032 respectively drive the first fixed hollow sliding plate 4017 and the second fixed hollow sliding plate 4033 to move downwards, further, the first fixed hollow sliding plate 4017 and the second fixed hollow sliding plate 4033 synchronously drive the second flexible wave washboard 4014 to move downwards, namely, the second flexible wave washboard 4014 moves downwards to contact with the astragalus membranaceus on the top end surface of the first flexible wave washboard 4013, at the moment, the second flexible wave washboard 4014 drives the second rack plate 4015 to move to be meshed with the second flat gear 4012, at the moment, the third bevel gear 506 drives the first driving wheel 404 to rotate, then the first driving wheel 404 drives the first rotating disc 403 to rotate, and then the first rotating disc 403 drives the linking convex column 405 to rotate, and then the linking convex column 405 drives the linking frame strip 406 to move up and down, that is, the linking frame strip 406 drives the first rack plate 407 and the fixed sliding chute plate 408 to reciprocate up and down, that is, the fixed sliding chute plate 408 slides up and down in a reciprocating manner on one side of the first lateral limiting sliding plate 402, the first rack plate 407 reciprocates up and down to drive the first flat gear 409 to rotate forward and backward, and then the first flat gear 409 rotates to drive the second driving wheel 4010 to rotate, then the second driving wheel 4010 drives the third driving wheel 4011 to rotate, the third driving wheel 4011 drives the second flat gear 4012 to rotate, and then the second flat gear 4012 drives the second rack plate 4015 to reciprocate left and right, and then the second rack plate 4015 drives the second flexible wave washboard 4014 to reciprocate left and right, that is, the first fixed hollow sliding plate 4017 and the second fixed hollow sliding plate 4033 respectively perform left-right reciprocating sliding on the outer surfaces of the first internal thread sliding block 4018 and the second internal thread sliding block 4032, the second flexible wave washboard 4014 performs left-right reciprocating movement to repeatedly scrub the astragalus above the first flexible wave washboard 4013, and simultaneously, water is ejected through the water inlet pipe head 4016, so that soil on the surface of the astragalus is scrubbed and separated.
The drying and cleaning mechanism 5 comprises a first collecting plate 501, a hot air nozzle 502, a water spraying head 503, a friction cleaning seat brush plate 504, a material conveying belt 505, a third bevel gear 506, a second collecting plate 507, a fourth bevel gear 508, a second rotating shaft rod 509, a ninth transmission wheel 5010, a fifth bevel gear 5011 and a power motor 5012; the first collecting plate 501 is connected with a hot air nozzle 502 and a water nozzle 503 in sequence; a friction cleaning seat brush plate 504 is arranged below the sprinkler head 503; a material conveying belt 505 is arranged below the water spray head 503 and the friction cleaning seat brush plate 504; the material conveying belt 505 is in transmission connection with a third bevel gear 506; the axle center of the third bevel gear 506 is connected with a second gathering plate 507; the third bevel gear 506 meshes with the fourth bevel gear 508; the axis of the fourth bevel gear 508 is fixedly connected with the second rotating shaft 509; the outer surface of the second rotating shaft rod 509 is fixedly connected with a ninth driving wheel 5010 and a fifth bevel gear 5011 in sequence; the second rotating shaft rod 509 is fixedly connected with the power motor 5012; the first collecting plate 501 is connected with the first fixed socle 3; the first gathering plate 501 is connected with the second fixed leg post 7; the friction cleaning seat brush plate 504 is connected with the first fixed leg post 3; the friction cleaning seat brush plate 504 is connected with the second fixed leg post 7; the material conveying belt 505 is connected with the first fixed support leg 3; the material conveying belt 505 is connected with the second fixed support leg 7; the second collecting plate 507 is connected with the second fixed leg post 7; the second collecting plate 507 is connected with the third fixed leg post 8; the upper part of the third bevel gear 506 is connected with the first transmission wheel 404; the upper part of the ninth transmission wheel 5010 is connected with an eighth transmission wheel 4030; the fifth bevel gear 5011 is connected to the peeling mechanism 6.
The astragalus membranaceus which is scrubbed by the surface soil is placed and fixed in a brush gap on the inner side of a friction cleaning seat brush plate 504 in the front-rear direction, then a water spray head 503 is controlled to spray cleaning water downwards, meanwhile, a power motor 5012 drives a second rotating shaft rod 509 to rotate, further, the second rotating shaft rod 509 rotates to drive a fourth bevel gear 508, a ninth driving wheel 5010 and a fifth bevel gear 5011 to rotate, then, the fourth bevel gear 508 drives a third bevel gear 506 to rotate, further, the third bevel gear 506 drives a material conveying belt 505 to rotate and convey, at the moment, the top end surface of the material conveying belt 505 is in contact with the bottom of the astragalus membranaceus in the brush gap on the inner side of the friction cleaning seat brush plate 504, because the material conveying belt 505 does not stop moving, namely, the top of the material conveying belt 505 continuously rubs with the astragalus membranaceus, and meanwhile, the astragalus membranaceus are blocked by the friction cleaning seat brush plate 504, further, the rotation of the astragalus membranaceus on the inner side of the friction cleaning seat brush plate 504 is realized, and then the brush inside the brush plate 504 of the friction cleaning seat brushes the surface of the autorotation astragalus root, the water spray head 503 continuously sprays water to clean the astragalus root, and after the cleaning is finished, the hot air spray head 502 is controlled to spray hot air to dry the astragalus root, so that the astragalus root is repeatedly cleaned and dried.
The peeling mechanism 6 comprises a sixth bevel gear 601, a second telescopic rotating shaft 602, a third collecting plate 603, a seventh bevel gear 604, an eighth bevel gear 605, a ninth bevel gear 606, a third rotating shaft 607, a tenth driving wheel 608, a second pushing bearing sleeve plate 609, a second electric push rod 6010, an eleventh driving wheel 6011, a third screw 6012, a first bearing frame plate 6013, a second bearing frame plate 6014, a first limit slide bar 6015, an internal thread slide column 6016, a peeling ring clamp 6017, a first fixing clamp 6018, a second fixing clamp 6019, a fourth collecting plate 6020, a first electric slide rail 6021, a first telescopic push-up column 6022, an electric peeling roller 6023, a second electric slide rail 6024, a second telescopic push-up column 6025 and a pressure sensor 6026; the axis of the sixth bevel gear 601 is fixedly connected with the second telescopic rotating shaft 602; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft 602 is rotatably connected with the third collecting plate 603; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft 602 is fixedly connected with a seventh bevel gear 604 and an eighth bevel gear 605 in sequence; the eighth bevel gear 605 and the ninth bevel gear 606 are fixedly connected; the axis of the ninth bevel gear 606 is fixedly connected with the third rotating shaft lever 607; the outer surface of the third rotating shaft lever 607 is rotatably connected with the third collecting plate 603; the outer surface of the third rotating shaft lever 607 is fixedly connected with a tenth transmission wheel 608; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft 602 is rotatably connected with a second thrust bearing sleeve plate 609; the second thrust bearing sleeve plate 609 is connected with a second electric push rod 6010; the second electric push rod 6010 is connected to the third collecting plate 603; the outer ring surface of the tenth driving wheel 608 is in transmission connection with an eleventh driving wheel 6011 through a belt; the shaft center of the eleventh transmission wheel 6011 is fixedly connected with a third screw 6012; the outer surface of the third screw 6012 is rotatably connected with a first bearing frame plate 6013; the third screw 6012 is rotatably connected to the second bearing frame plate 6014; the first bearing frame plate 6013 is connected with a first limit slide bar 6015; the second bearing frame plate 6014 is connected with a first limiting slide bar 6015; the outer surface of the third screw 6012 is slidably connected with an internal thread sliding column 6016; the internal thread sliding column 6016 is slidably connected with a first limiting sliding rod 6015; the lower part of the internal thread sliding column 6016 is connected with a peeling ring clamp 6017; a fourth collection plate 6020 is connected to the lower side of the first carrier plate 6013; a second bearing frame plate 6014 is connected to the upper side of the fourth collection plate 6020; one side above the fourth collection plate 6020 is coupled to a first fixing clip 6018, and the other side above the fourth collection plate 6020 is coupled to a second fixing clip 6019; the upper part of the fourth assembly plate 6020 is connected with a first electric slide rail 6021; the first electric slide rail 6021 is in sliding connection with the first telescopic push-up column 6022; the upper part of the first telescopic push-up column 6022 is connected with an electric leather grinding roller 6023; the upper part of the fourth assembly plate 6020 is connected with a second electric slide rail 6024; the second electric slide rail 6024 is in sliding connection with the second telescopic push-up column 6025; the upper part of the second telescopic push-up column 6025 is connected with a pressure sensor 6026; the lower part of the fourth collecting plate 6020 is connected with the working machine bed plate 1; the upper part of the third collecting plate 603 is connected with a working machine bed plate 1; the sixth bevel gear 601 is connected to a fifth bevel gear 5011.
Firstly, two sides of the cleaned astragalus membranaceus are respectively fixed to the inner sides of a first fixing clamp 6018 and a second fixing clamp 6019, then the lower part of an internal thread sliding column 6016 is connected with two sets of peeling ring clamps 6017 through an electric sliding column, the electric sliding column is controlled to drive the two sets of peeling ring clamps 6017 to approach each other, then the two sets of peeling ring clamps 6017 approach each other and clamp the surface of the astragalus membranaceus, then a fifth bevel gear 5011 drives a sixth bevel gear 601 to rotate, further the sixth bevel gear 601 drives a second telescopic rotating shaft 602 to rotate, then the second telescopic rotating shaft 602 drives a seventh bevel gear 604 and an eighth bevel gear 605 to rotate, then the eighth bevel gear 605 drives a ninth bevel gear 606 to rotate, so that a second electric push rod 6010 can be controlled to contract upwards, the second electric push rod 6010 drives a second push bearing sleeve plate 609 to move upwards, further the second push bearing sleeve plate 609 drives the second telescopic rotating shaft 602 to extend upwards, that is, the second telescopic rotating shaft 602 drives the seventh bevel gear 604 to move to a position where the seventh bevel gear 604 is engaged with the ninth bevel gear 606, and simultaneously the eighth bevel gear 605 is disengaged from the ninth bevel gear 606, and further the seventh bevel gear 604 and the eighth bevel gear 605 can respectively drive the ninth bevel gear 606 to rotate in the forward and reverse directions, then the ninth bevel gear 606 drives the tenth driving wheel 608 to rotate through the third rotating shaft 607, and then the tenth driving wheel 608 drives the eleventh driving wheel 6011 to rotate, and then the eleventh driving wheel 6011 drives the third lead screw 6012 to rotate, and then the third lead screw 6012 rotates to drive the internal thread sliding column 6016 to move, that is, the internal thread sliding column 6016 slides on the surface of the first limiting sliding rod 6015, and then the internal thread sliding column 6016 drives the two peeling ring clamps 6017 clamping the astragalus membranaceus to move, that is, the peeling ring clamps 6017 move on the clamped astragalus membranaceus, and further peels the surface of the astragalus membranaceus, after the epidermis is scraped, the two skin scraping ring clamps 6017 are controlled to loosen the astragalus membranaceus, then the second telescopic push-up column 6025 is controlled to push upwards, namely the second telescopic push-up column 6025 drives the pressure sensor 6026 to ascend to the uniform height of the astragalus membranaceus, then the pressure sensor 6026 is subjected to pressure, at the same time, the second electric slide rail 6024 is controlled to drive the second telescopic push-up column 6025 and the pressure sensor 6026 to move, namely, the pressure sensor 6026 always keeps constant height and is attached to the surface of the astragalus membranaceus to move, meanwhile, the first fixing clamp 6018 and the second fixing clamp 6019 drive the astragalus membranaceus to rotate, further, the coverage detection is carried out on the surface of the astragalus membranaceus, when the pressure of the pressure sensor 6026 suddenly decreases or disappears, the pressure sensor 6026 is proved to be in contact with the concave position of the surface of the astragalus membranaceus, the skin scraping ring clamps 6017 are not in the position, the epidermis is still present, and the pressure sensor 6026 is controlled to move away from the position, then the pressure sensor 6026 transmits a signal to the first electric slide rail 6021, that is, the first electric slide rail 6021 drives the first telescopic upward pushing column 6022 and the electric skin grinding roller 6023 to move, and drives the electric skin grinding roller 6023 to move to the lower part of the recess position of the astragalus membranaceus epidermis, and controls the first telescopic upward pushing column 6022 to push upward and drive the electric skin grinding roller 6023 to contact the position where the recess exists on the astragalus membranaceus surface, that is, the electric skin grinding roller 6023 is controlled to rotate, so that the epidermis at the recess position of the astragalus membranaceus surface is removed by friction, and the scraping of the epidermis on the astragalus membranaceus surface is completed.
The first fixing clip 6018 comprises an elevated fixing column 601801, an electric rotating shaft 601802, a rotating sleeve 601803, a first telescopic seat 601804, a first clamping plate 601805, a second telescopic seat 601806 and a second clamping plate 601807; the upper part of the overhead fixing column 601801 is connected with an electric rotating shaft 601802; the inner side of the electric rotating shaft 601802 is sleeved with a rotating sleeve 601803; the inner side of the rotating sleeve 601803 is connected with a first telescopic seat 601804; the upper part of the first telescopic seat 601804 is connected with a first clamping plate 601805; the inner side of the rotating sleeve 601803 is connected with a second telescopic seat 601806; the lower part of the second telescopic seat 601806 is connected with a second splint 601807; the lower part of the elevated fixing column 601801 is connected with a fourth collection plate 6020.
Place the astragalus at first between first splint 601805 and second splint 601807 when using, then control first flexible seat 601804 and the flexible seat 601806 of second respectively and drive first splint 601805 and second splint 601807 upwards and downstream, and then first splint 601805 and second splint 601807 are fixed with the astragalus centre gripping, fixed completion back steerable electronic pivot 601802 rotates and drives and rotate sleeve 601803 and rotate, and then rotate sleeve 601803 and drive first flexible seat 601804, first splint 601805, the flexible seat 601806 of second and second splint 601807 carry out synchronous rotation, finally drive the astragalus and rotate, so that carry out the surrounding type to the astragalus and scrape the skin.
The inner side surfaces of the first clamping plate 601805 and the second clamping plate 601807 are provided with convex rubber pads.
So as to improve the friction force between the first clamping plate 601805 and the second clamping plate 601807 and the astragalus root, make the clamping more stable and protect the astragalus root from being damaged.
The surface of the electric peeling roller 6023 is provided with uniform bulges.
So that the astragalus membranaceus epidermis is rubbed and removed by the uniform protrusions in the high-speed rotation process of the electric peeling roller 6023.
While the present invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed exemplary embodiments. The scope of the following claims is to be accorded the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and equivalent structures and functions.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a surrounding type astragalus root peeling device, is including work machine bed board, operation control screen and first fixed socle, characterized by: the device also comprises a scrubbing mechanism, a drying and cleaning mechanism, a skin scraping mechanism, a second fixed support leg and a third fixed support leg; the working machine bed plate is connected with the operation control screen; the lower part of the working machine bed plate is sequentially connected with a first fixed support leg column, a second fixed support leg column and a third fixed support leg column; the upper part of the working machine tool plate is connected with the scrubbing mechanism; the lower part of the scrubbing mechanism is connected with the drying and cleaning mechanism; the drying and cleaning mechanism is connected with the peeling mechanism; the first fixed support leg is connected with the drying and cleaning mechanism; the drying and cleaning mechanism is connected with the second fixed support leg; the drying and cleaning mechanism is connected with the third fixed support leg; the bed plate of the working machine is connected with the peeling mechanism;
the scrubbing mechanism comprises a first elevating frame, a first lateral limiting sliding plate, a first rotating disc, a first driving wheel, a linkage convex column, a linkage frame strip, a first rack rail plate, a fixed sliding chute plate, a first flat gear, a second driving wheel, a third driving wheel, a second flat gear, a first flexible wave scrubbing plate, a second rack rail plate, a water inlet pipe head, a first fixed hollow sliding plate, a first internal thread sliding block, a first lead screw, a fourth driving wheel, a fifth driving wheel, a sixth driving wheel, a seventh driving wheel, a first rotating shaft rod, a first bevel gear, a second bevel gear, a first telescopic rotating shaft, a first propelling bearing sleeve plate, a first electric push rod, an eighth driving wheel, a second lead screw, a second internal thread sliding block and a second fixed hollow sliding plate; the upper part of the first elevating frame is connected with a first lateral limiting sliding plate; the upper part of the first elevating frame is rotationally connected with the first rotating disc; the axle center of the first rotating disc is fixedly connected with the first driving wheel; the first rotating disc is connected with the linkage convex column; the outer surface of the linkage convex column is connected with the linkage frame strip in a sliding way; the upper part of the linkage frame strip is sequentially connected with the first rack rail plate and the fixed sliding chute plate; the first rack rail plate is connected with the fixed sliding chute plate; the fixed chute plate is in sliding connection with the first lateral limiting sliding plate; the first rack rail plate is meshed with the first flat gear; the first flat gear is connected with the first elevating frame; the axle center of the first flat gear is fixedly connected with the second transmission wheel; the outer ring surface of the second driving wheel is in transmission connection with a third driving wheel through a belt; the axle center of the third driving wheel is fixedly connected with the second flat gear; the axle center of the second flat gear is rotationally connected with the first elevating frame; the first elevating frame is connected with the first flexible wave washboard; a second flexible wave washboard is arranged above the first flexible wave washboard; the second flexible wave washboard is connected with the second rack rail plate; the second flexible wave washboard is connected with the water inlet pipe head; the second flexible wave washboard is connected with the first fixed hollow sliding plate; the inner side of the first fixed hollow sliding plate is in sliding connection with the first internal thread sliding block; the inner side of the first internal thread sliding block is in sliding connection with the first screw rod; the lower part of the first screw rod is fixedly connected with a fourth driving wheel; the outer ring surface of the fourth driving wheel is in transmission connection with the fifth driving wheel through a belt; the axle center of the fifth driving wheel is fixedly connected with the sixth driving wheel; the outer ring surface of the sixth driving wheel is in transmission connection with the seventh driving wheel through a belt; the axle center of the seventh driving wheel is fixedly connected with the first rotating shaft rod; the first rotating shaft rod is fixedly connected with the first bevel gear; the first bevel gear is meshed with the second bevel gear; the second bevel gear core is fixedly connected with the first telescopic rotating shaft; the outer surface of the first telescopic rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the first propelling bearing sleeve plate; the first propelling bearing sleeve plate is connected with the first electric push rod; the outer surface of the first telescopic rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the eighth driving wheel; the axle center of the fifth driving wheel is fixedly connected with the second screw rod; the outer surface of the second screw rod is in sliding connection with the second internal thread sliding block; the outer surface of the second internal thread sliding block is in sliding connection with the second fixed hollow sliding plate; the second fixed hollow sliding plate is connected with a second flexible wave washboard; the lower part of the first elevating frame is connected with the working machine tool plate; the lower part of the fourth driving wheel is connected with a working machine tool plate; the lower part of the sixth driving wheel is connected with a working machine tool plate; the outer surface of the first rotating shaft rod is connected with a working machine tool plate; the first electric push rod is connected with the working machine tool plate; the first telescopic rotating shaft is connected with the working machine tool plate; the lower part of the first driving wheel is connected with a drying and cleaning mechanism; the lower part of the eighth driving wheel is connected with a drying and cleaning mechanism;
the drying and cleaning mechanism comprises a first collecting plate, a hot air nozzle, a water spray head, a friction cleaning seat brush plate, a material conveying belt, a third bevel gear, a second collecting plate, a fourth bevel gear, a second rotating shaft rod, a ninth driving wheel, a fifth bevel gear and a power motor; the first gathering plate is connected with the hot air spray head and the water spray head in sequence; a friction cleaning seat brush plate is arranged below the sprinkler bead; a material conveying belt is arranged below the water spray head and the friction cleaning seat brush plate; the material conveying belt is in transmission connection with the third bevel gear; the axle center of the third bevel gear is connected with the second gathering plate; the third bevel gear is meshed with the fourth bevel gear; the axle center of the fourth bevel gear is fixedly connected with the second rotating shaft rod; the outer surface of the second rotating shaft rod is fixedly connected with a ninth driving wheel and a fifth bevel gear in sequence; the second rotating shaft rod is fixedly connected with the power motor; the first gathering plate is connected with the first fixed supporting leg column; the first gathering plate is connected with the second fixed support leg; the friction cleaning seat brush plate is connected with the first fixed support leg column; the friction cleaning seat brush plate is connected with the second fixed support leg column; the material conveying belt is connected with the first fixed support leg column; the material conveying belt is connected with the second fixed support leg; the second gathering plate is connected with the second fixed support leg; the second gathering plate is connected with the third fixed supporting leg column; the upper part of the third bevel gear is connected with the first driving wheel; the upper part of the ninth driving wheel is connected with an eighth driving wheel; the fifth bevel gear is connected with the peeling mechanism;
the peeling mechanism comprises a sixth bevel gear, a second telescopic rotating shaft, a third gathering plate, a seventh bevel gear, an eighth bevel gear, a ninth bevel gear, a third rotating shaft rod, a tenth driving wheel, a second propelling bearing sleeve plate, a second electric push rod, an eleventh driving wheel, a third screw rod, a first bearing frame plate, a second bearing frame plate, a first limiting slide rod, an internal thread sliding column, a peeling ring clamp, a first fixing clamp, a second fixing clamp, a fourth gathering plate, a first electric slide rail, a first telescopic pushing-up column, an electric peeling roller, a second electric slide rail, a second telescopic pushing-up column and a pressure sensor; the axis of the sixth bevel gear is fixedly connected with the second telescopic rotating shaft; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the third collecting plate; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a seventh bevel gear and an eighth bevel gear in sequence; the eighth bevel gear is fixedly connected with the ninth bevel gear; the axis of the ninth bevel gear is fixedly connected with the third rotating shaft rod; the outer surface of the third rotating shaft rod is rotationally connected with the third collecting plate; the outer surface of the third rotating shaft rod is fixedly connected with a tenth driving wheel; the outer surface of the second telescopic rotating shaft is rotatably connected with a second propelling bearing sleeve plate; the second propulsion bearing sleeve plate is connected with a second electric push rod; the second electric push rod is connected with the third collecting plate; the outer ring surface of the tenth driving wheel is in transmission connection with the eleventh driving wheel through a belt; the axle center of the eleventh transmission wheel is fixedly connected with the third screw rod; the outer surface of the third screw rod is rotationally connected with the first bearing frame plate; the third screw rod is rotatably connected with the second bearing frame plate; the first bearing frame plate is connected with the first limiting slide rod; the second bearing frame plate is connected with the first limiting slide rod; the outer surface of the third screw rod is in sliding connection with the internal thread sliding column; the internal thread sliding column is in sliding connection with the first limiting sliding rod; the lower part of the internal thread sliding column is connected with the scraping ring clamp; the lower part of the first bearing frame plate is connected with a fourth collecting plate; the upper part of the fourth collecting plate is connected with the second bearing frame plate; one side above the fourth gathering plate is connected with the first fixing clamp, and the other side above the fourth gathering plate is connected with the second fixing clamp; the upper part of the fourth collecting plate is connected with a first electric slide rail; the first electric sliding rail is in sliding connection with the first telescopic upper pushing column; the upper part of the first telescopic push-up column is connected with an electric leather grinding roller; the upper part of the fourth collecting plate is connected with a second electric slide rail; the second electric sliding rail is in sliding connection with the second telescopic upper pushing column; the upper part of the second telescopic upper pushing column is connected with a pressure sensor; the lower part of the fourth collecting plate is connected with a working machine tool plate; the upper part of the third collecting plate is connected with a working machine tool plate; the sixth bevel gear is connected with the fifth bevel gear;
the first fixing clamp comprises an elevated fixing column, an electric rotating shaft, a rotating sleeve, a first telescopic seat, a first clamping plate, a second telescopic seat and a second clamping plate; the upper part of the elevated fixing column is connected with the electric rotating shaft; the inner side of the electric rotating shaft is sleeved with the rotating sleeve; the inner side of the rotating sleeve is connected with the first telescopic seat; the upper part of the first telescopic seat is connected with a first clamping plate; the inner side of the rotating sleeve is connected with the second telescopic seat; the lower part of the second telescopic seat is connected with a second clamping plate; the lower part of the elevating fixing column is connected with a fourth gathering plate.
2. The circumferential astragalus membranaceus peeling device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inner side surfaces of the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are provided with protruding rubber pads.
3. The circumferential astragalus membranaceus peeling device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the surface of the electric leather-grinding roller is provided with uniform bulges.
CN202011198358.1A 2020-10-31 2020-10-31 Surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device Active CN112220070B (en)

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CN112220070B true CN112220070B (en) 2021-08-27

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3854395A (en) * 1973-02-12 1974-12-17 Fmc Corp Flexible cable dry peeler
FR2561076A1 (en) * 1984-03-13 1985-09-20 Greze Andre Unit for cleaning, treating and packaging fresh vegetables
CN203087477U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-07-31 普洱淞茂制药股份有限公司 Drum-type efficient peel removing device for tuber food and medicine materials
CN205018252U (en) * 2015-09-01 2016-02-10 徐挺 Shell class fruit peeler
CN209732535U (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-12-06 湖南省博世康中医药有限公司 A production line for chinese herbal medicine preparation
CN209810765U (en) * 2019-04-02 2019-12-20 河北中医学院 Peeling apparatus is washd to tuber of pinellia
CN210732185U (en) * 2019-08-08 2020-06-12 马卫军 Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3854395A (en) * 1973-02-12 1974-12-17 Fmc Corp Flexible cable dry peeler
FR2561076A1 (en) * 1984-03-13 1985-09-20 Greze Andre Unit for cleaning, treating and packaging fresh vegetables
CN203087477U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-07-31 普洱淞茂制药股份有限公司 Drum-type efficient peel removing device for tuber food and medicine materials
CN205018252U (en) * 2015-09-01 2016-02-10 徐挺 Shell class fruit peeler
CN209732535U (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-12-06 湖南省博世康中医药有限公司 A production line for chinese herbal medicine preparation
CN209810765U (en) * 2019-04-02 2019-12-20 河北中医学院 Peeling apparatus is washd to tuber of pinellia
CN210732185U (en) * 2019-08-08 2020-06-12 马卫军 Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus

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