CN210732185U - Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus - Google Patents

Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210732185U
CN210732185U CN201921279407.7U CN201921279407U CN210732185U CN 210732185 U CN210732185 U CN 210732185U CN 201921279407 U CN201921279407 U CN 201921279407U CN 210732185 U CN210732185 U CN 210732185U
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dry
abrasive
chamber
air
washing chamber
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CN201921279407.7U
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马卫军
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马卫军
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Abstract

A dry cleaning and peeling device for rhizome type traditional Chinese medicinal materials relates to the technical field of traditional Chinese medicinal material processing equipment, wherein the lower side of a dry cleaning chamber is communicated with a dust removal chamber, and the lower side of the dust removal chamber is communicated with an abrasive recovery box; a plurality of transmission shafts are arranged in the dry washing chamber, and the outer side walls of the transmission shafts are wrapped with rubber tracks; a swing frame is fixedly arranged on the top surface in the dry cleaning chamber in a penetrating way, and a plurality of nozzles are fixedly arranged at the bottom of the swing frame; an air outlet is fixedly formed in the middle of the rear side wall of the dust removal chamber, and the outer end of the air outlet is connected with the input end of the air draft dust remover through the abrasive material lifting pipe and the exhaust pipe; the inner bottom surface of the abrasive recovery box is fixedly provided with a propeller which is communicated with the front side of the abrasive lifting pipe and used for dry-cleaning the dried traditional Chinese medicinal materials, removing impurities, soil and other attachments on the surfaces of the traditional Chinese medicinal materials and deeply removing the peels in a dry-cleaning manner, so that the loss of effective components is avoided, and the traditional Chinese medicinal materials do not need to be aired or dried after being cleaned, thereby saving time and labor.

Description

Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a chinese-medicinal material treatment facility technical field, concretely relates to dry-cleaning peeling apparatus is given to rhizome class chinese-medicinal material.
Background
In order to clean and sanitarily the Chinese medicinal materials, the rhizome Chinese medicinal materials are cleaned after being collected, and attachments such as epidermis, soil and the like on the surfaces of the Chinese medicinal materials are removed; in the prior art, peeling and cleaning of rhizome traditional Chinese medicinal materials are generally finished manually, so that the workload is large and the efficiency is low; the traditional Chinese medicinal material cleaning equipment mainly uses water as a medium to directly clean the surfaces of the Chinese medicinal materials, and has the defects that the loss of effective ingredients is easily caused by water washing, and the Chinese medicinal materials are required to be dried or dried after cleaning, so that labor and time are wasted, and improvement is needed urgently.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to prior art's defect and not enough, provide a rhizome class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus reasonable in design for to the chinese-medicinal material dry-clean, get rid of attachments such as impurity on chinese-medicinal material surface, earth and the dry-cleaning of degree of depth and peel, avoid active ingredient's loss, and the chinese-medicinal material need not sunning or stoving, labour saving and time saving after wasing.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical proposal: the device comprises a dry washing chamber, a dust removal chamber and an abrasive recovery box; the lower side of the dry washing chamber is communicated with a dust removal chamber, and the lower side of the dust removal chamber is communicated with an abrasive recovery box; a plurality of transmission shafts are arranged in the dry washing chamber, and the left end of one transmission shaft passes through the left side wall of the dry washing chamber and then extends to the left side of the dry washing chamber; the left side of the top of the dry washing chamber is fixedly provided with a driving motor through a motor bracket, and the output end of the driving motor is rotationally connected with the extending end on the left side of the transmission shaft through a synchronous belt; the outer side walls of the transmission shafts are wrapped with rubber tracks, and the left sections of the rubber tracks are arranged in a triangular shape; an end disc is rotatably arranged in the dry washing chamber through a bearing, and the central axis of the end disc is parallel to the central axis of the transmission shaft; the front side wall of the rubber crawler belt is wound on the rear side wall of the end disc, and the connecting part of the rubber crawler belt and the end disc is arranged in a concave shape; a swing frame is fixedly arranged on the top surface in the dry cleaning chamber in a penetrating way, a plurality of nozzles are fixedly arranged at the bottom of the swing frame, and the plurality of nozzles are arranged above the concave surface of the rubber track; a swing driving device is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the dry washing chamber and is movably connected with the swing frame through a plurality of chains; the driving motor and the swinging driving device are both connected with an external power supply; the upper part of the front side wall of the dust removal chamber is fixedly provided with an air inlet, the middle part of the rear side wall of the dust removal chamber is fixedly provided with an air outlet, and the outer end of the air outlet is connected with the input end of the air draft dust remover through a grinding material lifting pipe and an exhaust pipe; the abrasive material lifting pipe is arranged on the rear side walls of the dust removing chamber, the dry washing chamber and the abrasive material recovery box, the input end of the exhaust pipe is fixedly connected with the output end of the abrasive material lifting pipe, and the output end of the exhaust pipe is fixedly connected with the input end of the air draft dust remover; an abrasive inlet is fixedly arranged on the rear side wall of the abrasive lifting pipe; a plurality of dust removal filter cylinders are arranged inside the air draft dust remover; filter screens are fixedly embedded on the top surface of the abrasive material recovery box and the inner bottom surface of the dust chamber; the front side wall of the dust chamber is fixedly provided with a trash discharging port; a propeller is fixedly arranged on the inner bottom surface of the abrasive recovery box, the propeller is communicated with the front side of the abrasive lifting pipe, and a lifter is fixedly arranged in the abrasive lifting pipe through a rack; the lifter comprises a belt lifting device and lifting hoppers, and a plurality of lifting hoppers are fixedly arranged on the belt surface of the belt lifting device at equal intervals; the top surface of the dry cleaning chamber is fixedly provided with a grinding hopper, and the outlet end at the bottom of the grinding hopper is communicated with the nozzle through a pipeline.
Further, the outer side wall of the rubber track is provided with a plurality of grinding holes in a matrix type.
Furthermore, an opening is formed in the front side wall of the dry washing chamber, and a box door is rotatably arranged on the inner side of the opening through a hinge.
Furthermore, the rear end fixedly connected with air hose of nozzle, the other end of air hose and the end of giving vent to anger of adjusting the gas jar are connected, adjust the gas jar and fix and set up on the top surface of dry-cleaning room, the air inlet end of adjusting the gas jar passes through pipe connection compressed air source.
After the structure is adopted, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: a rhizome class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus for to the chinese-medicinal material dry-clean, get rid of attachments such as impurity on chinese-medicinal material surface, earth and degree of depth dry-cleaning and peel, avoid effective constituent's loss, and the chinese-medicinal material need not sunning or dry after wasing, labour saving and time saving, the utility model has the advantages of set up rationally, the cost of manufacture low.
Description of the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a left side view of fig. 1.
Description of reference numerals:
the device comprises a dry cleaning chamber 1, a dust removal chamber 2, an abrasive recovery box 3, a transmission shaft 4, a driving motor 5, a rubber track 6, an end disc 7, a swing frame 8, a nozzle 9, a swing driving device 10, an air inlet 11, an abrasive lifting pipe 12, an exhaust pipe 13, an air draft dust remover 14, an abrasive inlet 15, a dust removal filter cylinder 16, a filter screen 17, an impurity discharging port 18, a propeller 19, a lifter 20, a belt lifting device 20-1, a lifting hopper 20-2, an abrasive hole 21, a box door 22, an air pipe 23, an air adjusting tank 24, a compressed air source 25, an abrasive hopper 26 and an air outlet 27.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-2, the following technical solutions are adopted in the present embodiment: the device comprises a dry washing chamber 1, a dust removal chamber 2 and an abrasive recovery box 3; the lower side of the dry washing chamber 1 is communicated with a dust removal chamber 2, and the lower side of the dust removal chamber 2 is communicated with an abrasive recovery box 3; an opening is formed in the front side wall of the dry washing chamber 1, and a chamber door 22 is rotatably arranged on the inner side of the opening through a hinge and a bolt, so that the dry washing chamber 1 is conveniently sealed, and meanwhile, loading and unloading are convenient; the inside of the dry washing chamber 1 is provided with three transmission shafts 4, wherein the left end of one transmission shaft 4 passes through the left side wall of the dry washing chamber 1 through a bearing and then extends to the left side of the dry washing chamber 1; the left side of the top of the dry cleaning chamber 1 is fixedly provided with a driving motor 5 through a motor bracket and a bolt, the output end of the driving motor 5 is rotationally connected with the extending end of the left side of the transmission shaft 4 through a synchronous belt, and the driving motor 5 can be replaced by a gear assembly or a gearbox; the outer side walls of the three transmission shafts 4 are wrapped with rubber tracks 6, and the left sections of the rubber tracks 6 are arranged in a triangular mode; a plurality of grinding material holes 21 are fixedly formed in the outer side wall of the rubber track 6 in a matrix mode, so that grinding materials can fall conveniently; an end disc 7 is rotatably arranged in the dry washing chamber 1 through a bearing, and the central axis of the end disc 7 is parallel to the central axis of the transmission shaft 4; the front side wall of the rubber crawler belt 6 is wound on the rear side wall of the end disc 7, and the connecting part of the rubber crawler belt 6 and the end disc 7 is arranged in a concave shape, so that the traditional Chinese medicinal materials can be conveniently held for rolling; the inner top surface of the dry washing chamber 1 is fixedly provided with a swing frame 8 in a penetrating way through bolts, the bottom of the swing frame 8 is fixedly provided with a plurality of nozzles 9 through bolts, and the nozzles 9 are arranged above the concave surface of the rubber track 6, so that the traditional Chinese medicine can be conveniently dedusted; a swing driving device 10 is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the dry washing chamber 1 through bolts, and the swing driving device 10 is movably connected with the swing frame 8 through a plurality of chains; the driving motor 5 and the swing driving device 10 are connected with an external power supply through leads and are controlled by an external controller; the rear end of the nozzle 9 is fixedly connected with an air pipe 23 through a bolt and a flange, an electronic valve is arranged on the air pipe 23, the other end of the air pipe 23 is connected with an air outlet end of an air adjusting tank 24, the air adjusting tank 24 is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the dry washing chamber 1 through the bolt, and an air inlet end of the air adjusting tank 24 is connected with a compressed air source 25 through a pipeline, so that high-pressure air is conveniently provided, and Chinese medicinal materials are combed; an air inlet 11 is fixedly formed in the upper portion of the front side wall of the dust removal chamber 2, an air outlet 27 is fixedly formed in the middle of the rear side wall of the dust removal chamber 2, and the outer end of the air outlet 27 is connected with the input end of an air draft dust remover 14 through an abrasive material lifting pipe 12 and an exhaust pipe 13; the abrasive lifting pipe 12 is fixedly welded on the rear side walls of the dust removing chamber 2, the dry cleaning chamber 1 and the abrasive recovery box 3, the input end of the exhaust pipe 13 is fixedly connected with the output end of the abrasive lifting pipe 12, and the output end of the exhaust pipe 13 is fixedly connected with the input end of the air draft dust remover 14 through bolts and flanges; an abrasive inlet 15 is fixedly welded on the rear side wall of the abrasive lifting pipe 12, and the abrasive inlet 15 is communicated with the inside of the abrasive lifting pipe 12; a plurality of dust-removing filter cylinders 16 are arranged inside the air draft dust collector 14, and the structure and the principle of the air draft dust collector 14 are the same as those of a cloth bag type dust collector in the prior art; the top surface of the abrasive recovery box 3 and the inner bottom surface of the dust chamber 2 are both fixedly embedded with filter screens 17; the front side wall of the dust chamber 2 is fixedly provided with a trash discharge port 18; a propeller 19 is fixedly arranged on the inner bottom surface of the abrasive recovery box 3 through bolts, the propeller 19 is communicated with the front side of the abrasive lifting pipe 12, and a lifter 20 is fixedly arranged inside the abrasive lifting pipe 12 through a rack and bolts; the lifter 20 comprises a belt lifting device 20-1 and a lifting bucket 20-2, wherein a plurality of lifting buckets 20-2 are fixedly arranged on the belt surface of the belt lifting device 20-1 at equal intervals; the top surface of the dry cleaning chamber 1 is fixedly provided with a grinding hopper 26, and the outlet end of the bottom of the grinding hopper 26 is communicated with the nozzle 9 through a pipeline.
The working principle of the specific embodiment is as follows: opening a box door 22, then placing traditional Chinese medicinal materials to be dry-cleaned in the grooves of the rubber tracks 6 in the dry cleaning chamber 1, closing the box door 22, adding abrasive from an abrasive inlet 15, conveying the abrasive to the interior of an abrasive hopper 26 through a lifter 20, conveying the abrasive to the interior of the dry cleaning chamber 1 through a pipeline at the outlet end of the abrasive hopper 26, spraying out the abrasive through air injection, conveying compressed air in a compressed air source 25 to the interior of the dry cleaning chamber 1 through an air pipe 23 by an air adjusting tank 24, and spraying out the compressed air through a nozzle 9; the driving motor 5 is connected with an external power supply, the output end of the driving motor 5 drives the transmission shaft 4 to rotate, so that the rubber crawler belt 6 rotates, the rubber crawler belt 6 drives the Chinese medicinal materials to turn over, and the grinding materials can remove hair, peel and clean the outer surfaces of the Chinese medicinal materials; then the abrasive material that the medicine was washd and the epidermis that removes drop to the inside of dust removal case through the abrasive material hole, the fur is taken out through arranging miscellaneous mouthful 18, the dust enters into the inside of air draft dust remover 14 through blast pipe 13 and filters, the abrasive material passes the inside of the abrasive material collection box 3 that filter screen 17 dropped, carry the inside of grinding hopper 26 through propeller 19 and inside riser 20 of abrasive material riser 12, circulate repeatedly, dry-cleaned good chinese-medicinal material directly opens chamber door 22 and takes out can.
After adopting above-mentioned structure, this embodiment's beneficial effect is as follows:
1. the adopted dust removal filter cylinder 16 has good dust removal effect, is convenient to replace and clean and is beneficial to continuous production;
2. the closed dry cleaning and dust removal are adopted, so that the device has the advantages of low working noise, no dust overflow and the like;
3. the device is suitable for unhairing, peeling or cleaning of various rhizome traditional Chinese medicinal materials;
4. the arc-shaped concave part of the rubber track 6 moves to drive the Chinese medicinal materials in the rubber track to turn over, so that automatic turning can be realized, the dry cleaning degree of the materials is uniform, and the working efficiency is improved; and the arc concave part can realize batch production, and the crawler belt can rotate forwards and backwards to facilitate feeding and discharging operations.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a rhizome class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus which characterized in that: the device comprises a dry washing chamber (1), a dust removal chamber (2) and an abrasive recovery box (3); the lower side of the dry washing chamber (1) is communicated with a dust removal chamber (2), and the lower side of the dust removal chamber (2) is communicated with an abrasive recovery box (3); a plurality of transmission shafts (4) are arranged in the dry washing chamber (1), and the left end of one transmission shaft (4) extends to the left side of the dry washing chamber (1) after penetrating through the left side wall of the dry washing chamber (1); a driving motor (5) is fixedly arranged on the left side of the top of the dry washing chamber (1) through a motor bracket, and the output end of the driving motor (5) is rotatably connected with the extending end on the left side of the transmission shaft (4) through a synchronous belt; the outer side walls of the transmission shafts (4) are wrapped with rubber tracks (6), and the left sections of the rubber tracks (6) are arranged in a triangular mode; an end disc (7) is rotatably arranged in the dry washing chamber (1) through a bearing, and the central axis of the end disc (7) is parallel to the central axis of the transmission shaft (4); the front side wall of the rubber crawler belt (6) is wound on the rear side wall of the end disc (7), and the connecting part of the rubber crawler belt (6) and the end disc (7) is arranged in a concave shape; a swing frame (8) is fixedly arranged on the inner top surface of the dry washing chamber (1) in a penetrating manner, a plurality of nozzles (9) are fixedly arranged at the bottom of the swing frame (8), and the plurality of nozzles (9) are arranged above the concave surface of the rubber track (6); a swinging driving device (10) is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the dry washing chamber (1), and the swinging driving device (10) is movably connected with the swinging frame (8) through a plurality of chains; the driving motor (5) and the swinging driving device (10) are both connected with an external power supply; an air inlet (11) is fixedly formed in the upper portion of the front side wall of the dust removal chamber (2), an air outlet (27) is fixedly formed in the middle of the rear side wall of the dust removal chamber (2), and the outer end of the air outlet (27) is connected with the input end of an air draft dust remover (14) through an abrasive material lifting pipe (12) and an exhaust pipe (13); the abrasive lifting pipe (12) is arranged on the rear side walls of the dust removing chamber (2), the dry cleaning chamber (1) and the abrasive recovery box (3), the input end of the exhaust pipe (13) is fixedly connected with the output end of the abrasive lifting pipe (12), and the output end of the exhaust pipe (13) is fixedly connected with the input end of the air draft dust remover (14); an abrasive inlet (15) is fixedly arranged on the rear side wall of the abrasive lifting pipe (12); a plurality of dust removal filter cylinders (16) are arranged inside the air draft dust remover (14); a filter screen (17) is fixedly embedded on the top surface of the abrasive recovery box (3) and the inner bottom surface of the dust chamber (2); a trash outlet (18) is fixedly arranged on the front side wall of the dust chamber (2); a propeller (19) is fixedly arranged on the inner bottom surface of the abrasive recovery box (3), the propeller (19) is communicated with the front side of the abrasive lifting pipe (12), and a lifter (20) is fixedly arranged in the abrasive lifting pipe (12) through a rack; the lifter (20) comprises a belt lifting device (20-1) and a lifting bucket (20-2), wherein a plurality of lifting buckets (20-2) are fixedly arranged on the belt surface of the belt lifting device (20-1) at equal intervals; the top surface of the dry washing chamber (1) is fixedly provided with a grinding hopper (26), and the outlet end at the bottom of the grinding hopper (26) is communicated with the nozzle (9) through a pipeline.
2. The dry cleaning and peeling device for rhizome traditional Chinese medicinal materials according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer side wall of the rubber track (6) is fixedly provided with a plurality of grinding holes (21) in a matrix manner.
3. The dry cleaning and peeling device for rhizome traditional Chinese medicinal materials according to claim 1, characterized in that: an opening is formed in the front side wall of the dry washing chamber (1), and a box door (22) is rotatably arranged on the inner side of the opening through a hinge.
4. The dry cleaning and peeling device for rhizome traditional Chinese medicinal materials according to claim 1, characterized in that: the rear end fixedly connected with air pipe (23) of nozzle (9), the other end of air pipe (23) is connected with the end of giving vent to anger of air conditioning tank (24), air conditioning tank (24) are fixed to be set up on the top surface of dry-cleaning room (1), the air inlet end of air conditioning tank (24) passes through pipe connection compressed air source (25).
CN201921279407.7U 2019-08-08 2019-08-08 Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus Active CN210732185U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921279407.7U CN210732185U (en) 2019-08-08 2019-08-08 Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921279407.7U CN210732185U (en) 2019-08-08 2019-08-08 Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210732185U true CN210732185U (en) 2020-06-12

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CN201921279407.7U Active CN210732185U (en) 2019-08-08 2019-08-08 Stem class chinese-medicinal material dry-cleaning peeling apparatus

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112220070A (en) * 2020-10-31 2021-01-15 张小凤 Surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112220070A (en) * 2020-10-31 2021-01-15 张小凤 Surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device
CN112220070B (en) * 2020-10-31 2021-08-27 安徽世茂中药股份有限公司 Surrounding type astragalus membranaceus peeling device

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