CN110366948A - The automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries - Google Patents

The automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110366948A
CN110366948A CN201910493928.0A CN201910493928A CN110366948A CN 110366948 A CN110366948 A CN 110366948A CN 201910493928 A CN201910493928 A CN 201910493928A CN 110366948 A CN110366948 A CN 110366948A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
picking
cleaning
fructus lycii
screw rod
groups
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Granted
Application number
CN201910493928.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110366948B (en
Inventor
张伟伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NINGXIA ZHONGNING COUNTY GUQICAO MATRIMONY VINE DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.
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张伟伟
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Priority to CN201910493928.0A priority Critical patent/CN110366948B/en
Publication of CN110366948A publication Critical patent/CN110366948A/en
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Publication of CN110366948B publication Critical patent/CN110366948B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/26Devices for shaking trees or shrubs; Fruit catching devices to be used therewith
    • A01D46/264Devices for beating or vibrating the foliage; Fruit catching devices to be used therewith
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N1/00Machines or apparatus for extracting juice
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching

Abstract

The present invention provides the automation preparation systems of fructus lycii slurries, including setting gradually for picking the medlar-picking machine of fructus lycii, cleaning device for being cleaned to the fructus lycii after picking, for carrying out the device for extracting that slurries squeeze to the fructus lycii after cleaning, medlar-picking machine includes car body, pick preparation device, pick driving device, fructus lycii storage device, car body is driven by plucker and is drawn picking preparation device/picking driving device/fructus lycii storage device three and moves synchronously, picking preparation device is used to drive picking driving device in whole vertical arrangement and be ready for picking fructus lycii, driving device is picked to be used to pick fructus lycii using mode of vibration, fructus lycii storage device is set to the underface of picking driving device and for carrying out branches and leaves separation to fructus lycii and storing fructus lycii.

Description

The automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries
Technical field
The present invention relates to fruit fields, and in particular to a kind of fructus lycii picks, cleans, squeezes equipment.
Background technique
Fructus lycii is branch shrub plant, and Walfberry fruit particle is just grown on a rule branch, China Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang, sweet The fructus lycii cultivated area on the ground such as respectful and Inner Mongol arrives into million mu whenever the picking season, and mellow fruit must be adopted in one week Under, otherwise will land and become waste product, therefore pick personnel tissue, management it is careless slightly, will be caused to orchard worker greatly Loss, the picking of the Chinese wolfberry fruit of most area is manually completed at present, artificial long hilt broadsword gloves, the simple tools such as scissors into Row picking, working efficiency is low, large labor intensity, and spinosity on fructus lycii branch, and hand, the arm of people can be scratched in picking process It can be all scratched with arm, therefore the difficulty for picking fructus lycii is larger, for this purpose, the present inventor designs a kind of picking of fructus lycii, cleaning, beats Equipment is starched, wherein medlar-picking machine uses mode of vibration to vibrate fructus lycii from branch and falls and complete to pick, without picking work People's both hands wearing gloves are picked using tools such as scissors, improve work efficiency and alleviate labor intensity, and effectively Injury of the quil on fructus lycii branch to plucker is avoided, simultaneously because fructus lycii is by mode of vibration by falling on branch It falls, so that the quality of fructus lycii can be guaranteed.
Summary of the invention
To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of fructus lyciis to pick, cleans, squeezes equipment, Chinese holly Qi picking machine uses mode of vibration to vibrate fructus lycii from branch and falls and complete to pick, improve work efficiency and alleviate labor Fatigue resistance, and injury of the quil on fructus lycii branch to plucker is effectively prevented, while the quality of fructus lycii can be made to obtain To guarantee.
To realize the above-mentioned technical purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows.
The automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries, including setting gradually medlar-picking machine for picking fructus lycii, being used for Cleaning device, the device for extracting for being squeezed to the fructus lycii progress slurries after cleaning that fructus lycii after picking is cleaned;
The medlar-picking machine includes car body, picking preparation device, picking driving device, fructus lycii storage device, and car body is adopted It plucks worker and drives and draw picking preparation device/picking driving device/fructus lycii storage device three and move synchronously, picking prepares dress It sets for driving picking driving device in whole vertical arrangement and being ready for picking fructus lycii, picking driving device is for using Mode of vibration picks fructus lycii, and fructus lycii storage device is set to the underface of picking driving device and for carrying out branches and leaves point to fructus lycii From and store fructus lycii;
Main frame body is fixed on the car body, the picking preparation device is installed on main frame body, picks preparation device packet It includes power mechanism, prepare mechanism, power mechanism prepares mechanism operation for driving, and prepares mechanism for driving picking driving device It is ready in whole vertical arrangement and for picking fructus lycii;
The power mechanism includes motor, transfer case, and motor/transfer case is both secured on main frame body, and transfer case The axial direction for exporting front/rear axis is each perpendicular to ground, be provided between motor and transfer case power intake bevel gear part one and Power transmitting is carried out by bevel gear part one between the two;
The preparation mechanism includes transferring member, prepares part, and the power that transferring member is used to provide power mechanism is transferred to accurately Part, accurate part run under the power effect that power mechanism provides and drive picking driving device movement;
The transferring member includes transmission axle one, transmission axle two, and one/transmission axle of transmission axle two is axially parallel to ground and the two It is movably installed on main frame body and can axially be rotated around itself, be provided with cone between transmission axle one and the output front axle of transfer case Gear member two and between the two by bevel gear part two carry out power transmitting, set between transmission axle two and the output rear axle of transfer case It is equipped with bevel gear part three and power transmitting is carried out by bevel gear part three between the two, motor running is simultaneously driven by transfer case One/transmission axle of transmission axle two is axially rotated around itself;
The preparation part is provided with two groups and is respectively arranged in transferring member along itself axial one end, and preparing part includes screw rod One, screw rod two, positioning tube, drive block;
One/the screw rod of screw rod two is axially parallel to ground and axial direction perpendicular to transmission axle one and both activity peaces Loaded on that can rotate on main frame body and axially around itself, bevel gear part four and between the two is provided between screw rod one and transmission axle one Power transmitting is carried out by bevel gear part four, bevel gear part five is provided between screw rod two and transmission axle two and is passed through between the two Bevel gear part five carries out power transmitting, and one/transmission axle of transmission axle two axially rotates around itself and draws one/screw rod of screw rod two around certainly Body axially rotates;
The positioning tube is installed on outside screw rod one by screw and screw rod one rotates and it is axial along screw rod one to draw positioning tube It is subjected to displacement, and is also provided with the avoid holes for avoiding screw rod two on positioning tube, pulley, pulley are additionally provided on positioning tube It is axially parallel to one axial direction of transmission axle and moveable roller is installed on positioning tube and can axially rotate around itself, pulley is provided with two Group is simultaneously located at positioning tube one end axial along screw rod one, and the drive block is installed on two outside of screw rod and silk by screw Simultaneously traction drive block is axially displaced along screw rod two for the rotation of bar two, and drive block is located between two groups of pulleys, the silk One/screw rod of bar two rotates and draws positioning tube/drive block and is subjected to displacement, and when screw rod one and screw rod two rotate simultaneously, fixed Position cylinder/drive block direction of displacement is consistent;
The picking driving device is set between two groups of preparation parts, and picking driving device includes mounting rack, driving mechanism, adopts Off-hook structure, driving mechanism and picking mechanism are respectively mounted on frame, are provided with rope between mounting rack and preparation part and are led between the two It crosses rope to be connected, and mounting rack is used in the case where preparing the cooperation of part and rope move and is in whole vertical arrangement, Driving mechanism is for driving picking mechanism to run and picking fructus lycii with mode of vibration;
The mounting rack is horizontally installed between two groups of drive blocks, and mounting rack includes bracket, mounting post, rope cylinder, on bracket Be provided be axially parallel to the axial shaft of transmission axle one and shaft be movably installed on drive block and can around itself it is axial rotate, And shaft is correspondingly arranged on two groups, and bracket is movably installed between two groups of drive blocks by two groups of shafts and can be axial around the shaft Rotation;
The mounting post be installed on bracket away from transferring member side and mounting post be in the same plane with bracket, mounting post Two kinds and respectively mounting post one, mounting post two can be divided into, and the two is the rectangular case structure for being provided with inner cavity, mounting post One is provided with two groups and is located at bracket along the axial one end of transmission axle one and two groups of mounting posts one side close to each other Perforating one is offered, mounting post two is set to the two sides that between two groups of mounting posts one and mounting post two is axial along transmission axle one Face offers perforating two, and mounting post two is provided with several groups along the axial array of transmission axle one;
The rope cylinder is axially parallel to transmission axle one axially, and rope cylinder is provided with two groups and is fixedly installed in two groups respectively On the side that mounting post one mutually deviates from and far from bracket, the rope is divided into rope one, two, one end of rope one and rope Cylinder is fixedly connected, the other end is bypassed and is fixedly connected after the pulley of transferring member with drive block, one end of rope two and rope cylinder It is fixedly connected, the other end is fixedly connected after bypassing the pulley far from transferring member with drive block.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The picking mechanism include be installed in mounting post one picking component one, the picking that is installed in mounting post two Component two, picking component one are correspondingly arranged on two groups, and picking component two is correspondingly arranged on several groups;
The picking component two includes picking component two, and picking component two includes transmission parts two, picking plate, and transmission parts two include Conveyer belt, drive roll, driven roller, master/slave dynamic roller are movably installed in mounting post two and can axially rotate around itself And the power intake of drive roll passes through mounting post two and outside, and conveyer belt is set to drive roll and driven rolling Between cylinder and master/slave dynamic roller rotates and draws conveyer belt movement, and the outer surface of conveyer belt is additionally provided with vibration protrusion;
The picking plate is hingedly installed in mounting post two, and the one end for picking plate is located in mounting post two and the end is contact It holds, the other end is disposed through the perforating two outside mounting post two and is located at two outside of mounting post and the end is vibration end, biography It send with the contact end in contact that moves and can make vibration protrusion with picking plate, picking plate is arranged along the extending direction array of mounting post two There are several groups and vibration protrusion is correspondingly arranged on several groups, also matching is provided with for keeping picking plate extensive at the perforating two Multiple torsional spring and torsional spring to original state is correspondingly arranged on several groups;
The picking component two is provided with two groups and the extending direction of mounting post two is symmetric respectively;
It is provided with gear member between the drive roll of two groups of picking components two and gear member carries out power biography between the two It passs;
The picking component one includes picking component one, picking component one with pick that the structure of component two is consistent and picking group Connection relationship between part one, mounting post one is consistent with the connection relationship between picking component two, mounting post two, picks component one Drive roll and it is adjacent picking component two drive roll between be provided with band gear member and between the two by band gear member carry out Power transmitting;
The driving mechanism includes driving motor, sprocket member, driving motor be fixed on bracket and its power output end with appoint The one group of drive roll anticipated in one group of picking component two is fixedly and coaxially connected, and sprocket member includes chain, sprocket wheel, and sprocket coaxiality is fixed Outside one group of drive roll of picking component two and sprocket wheel is correspondingly arranged on several groups, and chain is set between several groups sprocket wheel And for the power transmitting between several groups sprocket wheel.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The fructus lycii storage device includes storage warehouse, and storage warehouse is fixed on main frame body and is located at picking driving device Underface is additionally provided with the filter screen for filtering branches and leaves in fructus lycii in storage warehouse, and storage warehouse is away from the side of picking preparation device Face is additionally provided with door, and door is installed on storage warehouse by door hinge articulated manner, is additionally provided between door and storage warehouse Locking bolt, and locking bolt is provided with two groups and is located at the door side axial along transmission axle one;
The locking bolt includes fixed frame, lock bolt rod, Lock spring, and fixed frame is fixed on storage warehouse and is provided on fixed frame It is axially parallel to the axial through-hole of transmission axle one, lock bolt rod is coaxially movably installed in through-hole and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation and locks One end of tightening latch is holding end, the other end is locking end and locking end is located at side and locking of the door away from storage warehouse inner cavity End can limit door and do the movement for opening storage warehouse;
The partial interior that the lock bolt rod is located in through-hole is coaxially arranged with locking hole, external is provided with and locking hole connects Hole is stretched out, the through-hole cavity wall is provided with conflict protrusion, contradicts raised free end and passes through and stretches out hole and be located in locking hole simultaneously And it contradicts protrusion and stretches out between hole and constitute slide-and-guide cooperation;
The Lock spring is sheathed in locking hole, and one end of Lock spring and through-hole are supported close to the end wall of lock bolt rod locking end It touching, the other end and contradicts protrusion and contradicts, the elastic force of Lock spring drives the lock bolt rod movement far from fixed frame of doing locking end.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The cleaning device includes cleaning shell, cleaning pipe, cleaning driving mechanism, and the cleaning shell is opened for one end Mouth, closed at one end and open end are located at the shell structure above closed end, clean detachable in shell be equipped in horizontal cloth The filter plate set, filter plate are provided with two groups and respectively the first filter plate, the second filter plate below the first filter plate, First filter plate is greater than the impurity of fructus lycii size for filter sizes, and the second filter plate is less than fructus lycii size for filter sizes Impurity, the region between the first filter plate, the second filter plate is cleaning chamber, between the second filter plate and cleaning shell inner cavity bottom of chamber Region be drainage cavity;
One side of the cleaning shell along length direction, which is offered, connect the discharge gate connected and draining with cleaning chamber The drainage hole that chamber connection is connected cleans one side of the shell along local width direction and offers the installation for connecting connection with cleaning chamber Hole, one end of cleaning pipe connect connection with external source, the other end passes through mounting hole and intracavitary positioned at cleaning, and cleaning pipe is along cleaning Outer cover length direction array is provided with several groups and mounting hole correspondence offers several groups, and the cleaning for cleaning shell intracavitary is also set up Have for assisting fructus lycii to clean and being located at the cleaning roller below cleaning pipe;
The cleaning roller includes installation axle, roller, cleaning brush, and installation axle is axially parallel to cleaning outer casing width direction, installation Axis is movably installed in cleaning intracavitary and being located at around the power intake of itself axial direction rotation and installation axle clear for cleaning shell Shell exterior is washed, roller is coaxially socketed on outside installation axle, and cleaning brush is flexible banister brush, and cleaning brush is fixedly installed in outside roller Disc and cleaning brush have been evenly spaced on several groups along roller periphery, and the cleaning rod is along cleaning outer cover length direction battle array Column are provided with several groups, and the cleaning brush of two adjacent groups cleaning rod contacts with each other;
The cleaning driving mechanism is located at the outside of cleaning shell, and cleaning driving mechanism includes cleaning driving motor, cleaning tape Component is taken turns, cleaning driving motor is fixedly installed in cleaning shell side and its output shaft is axially parallel to installation axle axial direction, described Cleaning pulley member include cleaning driving pulley, cleaning driven pulley, cleaning transmission belt, cleaning driving pulley be fixedly sheathed in It cleans outside the power output end of driving motor, cleaning driven pulley is fixedly sheathed in outside the power intake of installation axle and clear It washes driven pulley and is correspondingly arranged on several groups, clean the head end of transmission belt around over cleaning driving pulley, several groups cleaning driven belt Closed loop circuit is connect and constituted after wheel with the head end of cleaning transmission belt, cleaning driving pulley and several groups clean driven pulley Between by cleaning transmission belt carry out power transmitting.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The inclined arrangement of second filter plate, the distance between face where the second filter plate and discharge gate along perpendicular to The direction on ground is simultaneously incremented by from the bottom to top;
The cleaning pipe, which is located at cleaning shell, which cleans intracavitary one end Matching installation, water spray-jet, the cleaning device It further include the water circulation mechanism for being filtered and making it to be recycled to water, water circulation mechanism includes water tank, water tank Interior matching is provided with the third filter plate for filtering impurities in water.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The device for extracting includes squeezing mechanism, for fructus lycii for what is squeezed to the fructus lycii progress slurries after cleaning Slurries carry out the filter pulp mechanism of the particulate matters such as pericarp filtering;
The mechanism of squeezing includes squeezing tank, squeezing motor, squeeze component, connecting pipe, and squeezing tank is open at one end, one end The tube structure for closing and being axially perpendicular to ground, the closed end for squeezing tank offer the perforating for connecting and connecting with its inner cavity, It squeezes motor coaxle and is fixedly installed in the closed end for squeezing tank and its power output end and passes through perforating and be located at and squeeze in tank;
It is described squeeze component and be set to squeeze in tank, squeezing component includes reciprocating screw rod, blade, the coaxial fixed peace of reciprocating screw rod Loaded on the power output end for squeezing motor, blade is installed on the outside of reciprocating screw rod by screw, and blade is along reciprocating screw rod Axial array be provided with several groups;
The closed end for squeezing tank is also provided with the recirculation hole for connecting and connecting with its inner cavity, and connecting pipe and recirculation hole Connection is connected;
The filter pulp mechanism includes filter pulp tank, pulp pipeline, filter pulp tank be tube structure open at one end, closed at one end and its Open end Matching installation has filter pulp end cap, and connecting hole is offered on filter pulp end cap and connecting pipe connect connection with connecting hole, filter Matching installation is gone back in slurry tank filter pulp net for being filtered to particulate matters such as pericarps in fructus lycii slurries, the closing of filter pulp tank End offers the slurry outlet that connection is connect with its inner cavity and pulp pipeline connect connection with slurry outlet.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The open end matching for squeezing tank is provided with guidance funnel, and guides the horizontal cross-sectional area of funnel under It is supreme to be incremented by;
The filter pulp tank consists of two parts and is respectively that Matching installation has the changeover portion of filter pulp end cap, connects with pulp pipeline The filter pulp section of connection, the mode that is threadedly coupled between changeover portion and filter pulp section carries out detachable installation, and filter pulp net is pacified Loaded in filter pulp section.
The beneficial effect of the present invention compared with prior art is that medlar-picking machine makes fructus lycii from branch using mode of vibration Upper vibration falls and completes to pick, and entire picking process controls picking preparation/driving device by plucker and realizes, is not necessarily to Plucker's both hands wearing gloves are picked using tools such as scissors, improve work efficiency and alleviate labor intensity, and And injury of the quil on fructus lycii branch to plucker is effectively prevented, simultaneously because fructus lycii is by mode of vibration by branch On fall so that the quality of fructus lycii can be guaranteed, in addition to this, subsequent fructus lycii cleaning device, which can effectively remove, to be mixed The impurity of miscellaneous branches and leaves clast and fructus lycii surface attachment in fructus lycii simultaneously makes fructus lycii clean more thorough, fructus lycii device for extracting Fructus lycii is beaten using reciprocating knives, keeps fructus lycii mashing more thorough, and filter pulp net can will be in fructus lycii slurries The particulate matters such as pericarp filter and keep fructus lycii slurries finer and smoother, quality is more preferably.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of medlar-picking machine of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of medlar-picking machine of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of medlar-picking machine of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the cooperation figure of picking preparation device of the invention, picking driving device, fructus lycii storage device.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of power mechanism of the invention.
Fig. 6 is preparation mechanism of the invention, the cooperation figure for picking driving device, fructus lycii storage device.
Fig. 7 is the cooperation figure of transferring member and preparation part of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of preparation part of the invention.
Fig. 9 is the cooperation figure of picking driving device and drive block of the invention.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of mounting rack of the invention.
Figure 11 is the cooperation figure of driving mechanism and picking mechanism of the invention.
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of picking component two of the invention.
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram of picking component one of the invention.
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of fructus lycii storage device of the invention.
Figure 15 is the cooperation figure of door and locking bolt of the invention.
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of locking bolt of the invention.
Figure 17 is the cross-sectional view of locking bolt of the invention.
Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram of cleaning device of the invention.
Figure 19 is the cross-sectional view of cleaning device of the invention.
Figure 20 is the structural schematic diagram of device for extracting of the invention.
Figure 21 is the cross-sectional view for squeezing mechanism of the invention.
Figure 22 is the cross-sectional view of filter pulp mechanism of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention picks fructus lycii using medlar-picking machine and is advantageous in that, medlar-picking machine uses mode of vibration It vibrates fructus lycii from branch to fall and complete to pick, entire picking process controls picking preparation/driving by plucker and fills It sets and realizes, picked without plucker's both hands wearing gloves using tools such as scissors, improve work efficiency and mitigate Labor intensity, and effectively prevent injury of the quil on fructus lycii branch to plucker, simultaneously because fructus lycii is to pass through Mode of vibration on branch by falling, so that the quality of fructus lycii can be guaranteed, in addition to this, subsequent fructus lycii cleaning device The impurity of the branches and leaves clast being entrained in fructus lycii and the attachment of fructus lycii surface can be effectively removed and make fructus lycii cleaning more thorough Bottom, fructus lycii device for extracting are beaten fructus lycii using reciprocating knives, keep fructus lycii mashing more thorough, and filter pulp net energy The particulate matters such as enough pericarps by fructus lycii slurries filter and keep fructus lycii slurries finer and smoother, and quality is more preferably.
The automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries, including setting gradually medlar-picking machine for picking fructus lycii, being used for Cleaning device 500, the device for extracting for being squeezed to the fructus lycii progress slurries after cleaning that fructus lycii after picking is cleaned 600。
The medlar-picking machine includes car body 100, picking preparation device 200, picking driving device 300, fructus lycii storage Device 400, car body 100, which is driven by plucker and drawn picking preparation device 200/, picks 300/ fructus lycii of driving device storage dress It sets 400 threes to move synchronously, picking preparation device 200 is for driving picking driving device 300 to be arranged and in entirety is vertical to adopt It plucks fructus lycii to be ready, picking driving device 300 is used to pick fructus lycii using mode of vibration, and fructus lycii storage device 400 is set to Pick the underface of driving device 300 and for carrying out branches and leaves separation to fructus lycii and storing fructus lycii.
Plucker drives car body 100 and is placed in picking driving device 300 below fructus lycii bushes, and then picking prepares Device 200 runs and makes to pick driving device 300 in whole vertical arrangement, then picks preparation device 200 and picking is driven to drive Device 300 does the operation of separate/close fructus lycii bushes while picking itself synchronous vibration of driving device 300, to make fructus lycii By being fallen in fructus lycii storage device 400 on fructus lycii bushes by vibration.
Main frame body is fixed on the car body 100, the picking preparation device 200 is installed on main frame body, picking Preparation device 200 includes power mechanism 210, prepares mechanism 220, and power mechanism 210 is quasi- for driving preparation mechanism 220 to run Standby host structure 220 is for driving picking driving device 300 to arrange in entirety and be ready vertically for picking fructus lycii.
The power mechanism 210 includes motor 211, transfer case 212, and 211/ transfer case 212 of motor is both secured to On main frame body, and the axial direction of the front/rear axis of output of transfer case 212 is each perpendicular to ground, motor 211 and 212 power of transfer case It is provided with bevel gear part one between input terminal and power transmitting is carried out by bevel gear part one between the two;Transfer case 212 is existing There is technology, is no longer described in detail herein.
The preparation mechanism 2220 includes transferring member 2210, prepares part 2220, and transferring member 2210 is used for power mechanism 210 power provided are transferred to accurate part 2220, and accurate part 2220 runs and drives under the power effect that power mechanism 210 provides Make to pick the movement of driving device 300.
The transferring member 2210 includes transmission axle 1, transmission axle 2 2212, one 2211/ transmission axle two of transmission axle 2212 be axially parallel to ground and be both movably installed on main frame body and can around itself axially rotate, transmission axle 1 It is provided with bevel gear part two between the output front axle of transfer case 212 and power biography is carried out by bevel gear part two between the two It passs, be provided with bevel gear part three between the output rear axle of transmission axle 2 2212 and transfer case 212 and pass through bevel gear between the two Part three carry out power transmitting, motor 211 run and by transfer case 212 drive one 2211/ transmission axle 2 2212 of transmission axle around Itself is axially rotated.
The preparation part 2220 is provided with two groups and is respectively arranged in transferring member 2210 along itself axial one end, prepares Part 2220 includes screw rod 1, screw rod 2 2222, positioning tube 2223, drive block 2225.
One 2221/ screw rod 2 2222 of screw rod is axially parallel to ground and perpendicular to the axis of transmission axle 1 To and be both movably installed on main frame body and can axially be rotated around itself, between screw rod 1 and transmission axle 1 It is provided with bevel gear part four and power transmitting, screw rod 2 2222 and transmission axle 2 2212 is carried out by bevel gear part four between the two Between be provided with bevel gear part five and between the two by bevel gear part five carry out power transmitting, one 2211/ transmission axle of transmission axle 2 2212 axially rotate around itself and draw one 2221/ screw rod 2 2222 of screw rod around itself axially rotation.
The positioning tube 2223 is installed on one 2221 outside of screw rod by screw and screw rod 1 is rotated and drawn and determines Position cylinder 2223 is axially displaced along screw rod 1, and is also provided on positioning tube 2223 for avoiding screw rod 2 2222 Avoid holes are additionally provided with pulley 2224 on positioning tube 2223, specifically, to be axially parallel to transmission axle 1 axial for pulley 2224 And pulley 2224 is movably installed on positioning tube 2223 and can axially rotate around itself, pulley 2224 is provided with two groups and respectively position In the one end axial along screw rod 1 of positioning tube 2223, the drive block 2225 is installed on outside screw rod 2 2222 by screw Portion and screw rod 2 2222 rotate and traction drive block 2225 is axially displaced along screw rod 2 2222, and drive block 2225 is located at Between two groups of pulleys 2224, one 2221/ screw rod 2 2222 of screw rod rotates and draws 2223/ drive block 2225 of positioning tube hair Raw displacement, and when screw rod 1 and screw rod 2 2222 rotate simultaneously, the direction of displacement of 2223/ drive block 2225 of positioning tube Unanimously.
Plucker controls the rotation situation of screw rod one/bis- by control power mechanism 210, to determine positioning tube 2223, whether drive block 2225 is along the axially displaced of screw rod one/bis-.
The picking driving device 300 is set between two groups of preparation parts 2220, and picking driving device 300 includes installation Frame 310, driving mechanism 320, picking mechanism 330, driving mechanism 320 and picking mechanism 330 are respectively mounted on frame 310, mounting rack 310 Rope is provided between preparation part 2220 and is connected between the two by rope, and mounting rack 310 is used for Prepare movement under the cooperation of part 2220 and rope and be in whole vertical arrangement, driving mechanism 320 is used to drive the fortune of picking mechanism 330 Row simultaneously picks fructus lycii with mode of vibration.
The mounting rack 310 is horizontally installed between two groups of drive blocks 2225, and mounting rack 310 includes bracket 311, installation Column, rope cylinder 314 are provided on bracket 311 and are axially parallel to the axial shaft of transmission axle 1 and shaft is movably installed in And can be around itself axially rotation and shaft is correspondingly arranged on two groups on drive block 2225, bracket 311 passes through two groups of shaft activities It is installed between two groups of drive blocks 2225 and can axially rotate around the shaft.
The mounting post is installed on the side that bracket 311 deviates from transferring member 2210 and mounting post and bracket 311 positioned at same In one plane, mounting post can be divided into two kinds and respectively mounting post 1, mounting post 2 313, and the two is to be provided with inner cavity Rectangular case structure, mounting post 1 is provided with two groups and is located at the one end axial along transmission axle 1 of bracket 311 And perforating one is offered on two groups of mounting posts 1 side close to each other, mounting post 2 313 is set to two groups of mounting posts Between one 312 and mounting post 2 313 along the axial two sides of transmission axle 1 offers perforating two, and mounting post two 313 are provided with several groups along the axial array of transmission axle 1.
The rope cylinder 314 is axially parallel to transmission axle 1 axially, and rope cylinder 314 is provided with two groups and difference Be fixedly installed on the side that two groups of mounting posts 1 mutually deviate from and far from bracket 311, the rope be divided into rope one, Two, one end of rope one is fixedly connected with rope cylinder 314, the other end bypass after the pulley 2224 of transferring member 2210 with driving Block 2225 is fixedly connected, and one end of rope two is fixedly connected with rope cylinder 314, the other end bypasses the pulley far from transferring member 2210 It is fixedly connected after 2224 with drive block 2225.
The operation of motor 211 simultaneously rotates the static screw rod 2 2222 of screw rod 1 by transfer case 212, screw rod two 2222 rotations and traction drive block 2225 do the movement far from transferring member 2210, and drive block 2225 moves and draws the synchronous fortune of shaft Dynamic, drive block 2225 also does lifting movement by one towing pin rope roll 314 of rope, even if mounting rack 310 is done far from transferring member 2210 movement and the rotation for doing separate ground axial around the shaft, are pulled up mounting rack 310, i.e., mounting rack 310 is in Vertical arrangement, simultaneously because the presence of rope one/bis-, so that mounting rack 310 will not occur greatly after screw rod 2 222 stops operating Swing amplitude;
Motor 211 runs and rotates one 2221/ screw rod 2 2222 of screw rod by transfer case 212, so that picking be made to drive Device 300 is whole to be arranged vertically and axially displaced along screw rod 1;
Motor 211 runs and rotates backward the static screw rod 2 2222 of screw rod 1 by transfer case 212, can make to adopt Driving device 300 is plucked to restore to original state.
The picking mechanism 330 includes the picking component 1 being installed in mounting post 1, is installed on mounting post Picking component 2 3320 on 2 313, picking component 1 are correspondingly arranged on two groups, and picking component 2 3320 is correspondingly arranged on Several groups.
The picking component 2 3320 includes picking component two, and picking component two includes transmission parts 2 3321, picking plate 3322, transmission parts 2 3321 include conveyer belt, drive roll, driven roller, and master/slave dynamic roller is movably installed in mounting post two And it can axially the power intake of rotation and drive roll passes through mounting post 2 313 and outside, biography around itself in 313 Send that band is set between drive roll and driven roller and master/slave dynamic roller rotates and draw conveyer belt movement, conveyer belt it is outer Surface is additionally provided with vibration protrusion.
The picking plate 3322 is hingedly installed in mounting post 2 313, and one end of picking plate 3322 is located at mounting post two In the 313 and end is contact jaw, the other end is disposed through the perforating two outside mounting post 2 313 and is located at mounting post two 313 outsides and the end are vibration end, and conveyer belt moves and vibration protrusion can be made to pick plate with the contact end in contact of picking plate 3322 3322 along mounting post 2 313 extending direction array be provided with several groups and vibration protrusion be correspondingly arranged on several groups, it is described Also matching is provided with for making picking plate 3322 restore to the torsional spring 3323 and torsional spring 3323 of original state to be correspondingly arranged at perforating two There are several groups.
The picking component two is provided with two groups and the extending direction of mounting post 2 313 is symmetric respectively.
Gear member 3324 and between the two gear member are provided between the drive roll of two groups of picking components two 3324 carry out power transmitting.
The picking component 1 includes picking component one, and picking component one and the picking structure of component two are consistent simultaneously And pick the connection relationship between the connection relationship between component one, mounting post 1 and picking component two, mounting post 2 313 Unanimously, it picks and is provided with band gear member 3312 and the two between the drive roll of component one and the drive roll of adjacent picking component two Between by band gear member 3312 carry out power transmitting.
Driving mechanism 320 drives the drive roll of picking component one/bis- to rotate and rotate conveyer belt, during being somebody's turn to do, vibration Dynamic protrusion contacts and makes its swing with picking plate 3322, and then vibration protrusion is disengaged with picking plate 3322 and torsional spring makes to pick Plate 3322 does the backswing restored to original state, and so on, so that picking mechanism 330 is run with mode of vibration.
The driving mechanism 320 includes driving motor 321, sprocket member 322, and driving motor 321 is fixed on bracket 311 And its power output end is fixedly and coaxially connected with one group of drive roll in any one group of picking component 2 3320, sprocket member 322 Including chain, sprocket wheel, sprocket coaxiality is fixed on outside one group of drive roll of picking component 2 3320 and sprocket wheel is correspondingly arranged on Several groups, chain are set between several groups sprocket wheel and for the power transmitting between several groups sprocket wheel.
Driving motor 321 runs and drives wherein one group of operation of picking component 2 3320, while being driven by sprocket member 322 The operation of residue picking component 2 3320 drives two groups of picking components 1 to run by band gear member 3312.
The fructus lycii storage device 400 includes storage warehouse 410, and storage warehouse 410 is fixed on main frame body and is located at picking The underface of driving device 300 is additionally provided with the filter screen 412 for filtering branches and leaves in fructus lycii, storage warehouse in storage warehouse 410 410 are additionally provided with door 411 away from the side of picking preparation device 200, and door 411 is installed on storage by door hinge articulated manner In storage 410, locking bolt 420 is additionally provided between door 411 and storage warehouse 410, and locking bolt 420 is provided with two groups and is located at The side axial along transmission axle 1 of door 411.
The locking bolt 420 includes fixed frame 421, lock bolt rod 422, Lock spring 424, and fixed frame 421 is fixed on storage It is provided on storehouse 410 and on fixed frame 421 and is axially parallel to the axial through-hole of transmission axle 1, the coaxial activity of lock bolt rod 422 It is installed in through-hole and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation and one end of lock bolt rod 422 is holding end, the other end is locking end and locking End deviates from the side of 410 inner cavity of storage warehouse positioned at door 411 and locking end can limit door 411 and do opening storage warehouse 410 Movement.
The partial interior that the lock bolt rod 422 is located in through-hole is coaxially arranged with locking hole, outside is provided with and is locked The stretching hole that hole is connected, the through-hole cavity wall are provided with conflict protrusion 423, contradict raised 423 free ends and pass through and stretch out hole simultaneously In locking hole and contradicts protrusion 423 and stretch out composition slide-and-guide cooperation between hole.
The Lock spring 424 is sheathed in locking hole, and one end of Lock spring 424 and through-hole are close to lock bolt rod 422 The end wall of locking end contradicts, the other end and conflict protrusion 423 contradict, and the elastic force of Lock spring 424 drives lock bolt rod 422 to be locked Hold the movement far from fixed frame 421.
Plucker can be by pulling locking bolt 420 and 420 locking end of locking bolt being made to cancel the limitation to door 411, to beat Storage warehouse 410 is opened, subsequent plucker can be taken off fructus lycii and clean up the branches and leaves on filter screen 412.
Fructus lycii picking process, specifically: plucker drives car body 100 and keeps picking 300 free end of driving device close The trunk of fructus lycii bushes is then arranged vertically and at this time by the way that picking driving device 300 when picking preparation device 200 is whole The whole trunk close to fructus lycii bushes of driving device 300 is picked, so that the branch of fructus lycii bushes be made to be located at picking mechanism 330 It is interior, it is run with rear drive mechanism 320 and vibrates picking mechanism 330, while picking preparation device 200 to make 330 edge of picking mechanism Screw rod 1 is axial do it is separate/close to the reciprocal operation of fructus lycii bushes trunk, fructus lycii vibrates and past in picking mechanism 330 It is shaken off by branch to storage warehouse 410 under the cooperation run again, after picking, makes to pick by picking preparation device 200 Driving device 300 is restored to original state.
The cleaning device 500 includes cleaning shell 510, cleaning pipe 540, cleaning driving mechanism 560, the cleaning Shell 510 is that open at one end, closed at one end and open end is located at the shell structure above closed end, is cleaned removable in shell 510 The formula of unloading is equipped in horizontally disposed filter plate, and filter plate is provided with two groups and respectively the first filter plate 520, is located at the first mistake Second filter plate 530 of 520 lower section of filter plate, the first filter plate 520 are greater than the impurity of fructus lycii size, the second mistake for filter sizes Filter plate 530 is less than the impurity of fructus lycii size for filter sizes, and the region between the first filter plate 520, the second filter plate 530 is Chamber is cleaned, the region between the second filter plate 530 and cleaning 510 inner cavity bottom of chamber of shell is drainage cavity.
One side of the cleaning shell 510 along length direction, which is offered, connect the discharge gate connected with cleaning chamber 511, it connect the drainage hole 512 connected with drainage cavity, cleans one side of the shell 510 along local width direction and offers and clean The mounting hole that chamber connection is connected, one end of cleaning pipe 540 connect connection with external source, the other end passes through mounting hole and is located at clear Wash it is intracavitary, cleaning pipe 540 along cleaning 510 length direction array of shell be provided with several groups and mounting hole it is corresponding offer it is several Group, the intracavitary cleaning roller being additionally provided with for assisting fructus lycii to clean and being located at 540 lower section of cleaning pipe of the cleaning of cleaning shell 510 550。
The cleaning roller 550 includes installation axle, roller, cleaning brush, and installation axle is axially parallel to cleaning 510 width of shell Direction, installation axle be movably installed in cleaning shell 510 cleaning it is intracavitary and can around itself axially rotation and installation axle power Input terminal is located at outside cleaning shell 510, and roller is coaxially socketed on outside installation axle, and cleaning brush is flexible banister brush, cleaning brush It is fixedly installed in roller periphery and cleaning brush along roller periphery has been evenly spaced on several groups, the cleaning rod 550 Cleaning 510 length direction array of shell is provided with several groups, and the cleaning brush of two adjacent groups cleaning rod 550 contacts with each other.
The cleaning driving mechanism 560 is located at the outside of cleaning shell 510, and cleaning driving mechanism 560 includes that cleaning is driven Dynamic motor 561, cleaning pulley member 562, cleaning driving motor 561 are fixedly installed in cleaning 510 side of shell and its output shaft It is axially parallel to installation axle axial direction, the cleaning pulley member 562 includes cleaning driving pulley, cleaning driven pulley, cleaning Transmission belt, cleaning driving pulley are fixedly sheathed in outside the power output end of cleaning driving motor 561, and cleaning driven pulley is fixed Be socketed on outside the power intake of installation axle and cleaning driven pulley be correspondingly arranged on several groups, clean the head end of transmission belt around It is connect and constitutes closed loop circuit with the head end of cleaning transmission belt after over cleaning driving pulley, several groups cleaning driven pulley, It cleans between driving pulley and several groups cleaning driven pulley and power transmitting is carried out by cleaning transmission belt.
It picks and removes the fructus lycii after branches and leaves and be transferred and be poured onto cleaning shell 510, and filtered through the first filter plate 520 It is intracavitary that cleaning is entered to after the impurity such as branches and leaves clast, then cleaning pipe 540 is to the intracavitary spray water of cleaning, while cleaning driving mechanism 560 driving cleaning rollers 550 rotate and carry out surface clean to fructus lycii by cleaning brush, the smaller impurity of size adulterated in fructus lycii with And the impurity of fructus lycii surface adhesion is filtered the drainage cavity for entering cleaning shell 510 by the second filter plate 520 and finally through drainage hole 512 discharges while cleaning roller 550 cleans fructus lycii at push fructus lycii to discharge gate 511, and finally make the fructus lycii after cleaning by arranging It is discharged at material mouth 511, fructus lycii completes cleaning treatment.
Preferably, for more steady smooth, the described inclined cloth of the second filter plate 530 of subsequent fructus lycii discharge process It sets, the distance between the second filter plate 530 and 511 place face of discharge gate are along the direction perpendicular to ground and are incremented by from the bottom to top.
Preferably, in order to improve cleaning effect and the water conservation to fructus lycii, while the utilization rate of water is improved, described is clear It washes pipe 540 and is located at cleaning shell 510 and clean intracavitary one end Matching installation and have water spray-jet, the cleaning device further includes Water circulation mechanism for being filtered and making it to be recycled to water, water circulation mechanism include water tank, matching in water tank It is provided with the third filter plate for filtering impurities in water;Water and mixtures of impurities are expelled in water tank simultaneously through drainage hole 512 It is stored after third filter plate in water tank and can be used for fructus lycii cleaning next time.
The device for extracting 600 includes squeezing mechanism 610 for carry out that slurries squeeze to the fructus lycii after cleaning, being used for Fructus lycii slurries are carried out with the filter pulp mechanism 620 of the particulate matters such as pericarp filtering.
The mechanism 610 of squeezing includes squeezing tank 611, squeezing motor 612, squeeze component, connecting pipe 615, is squeezed Tank 611 be tube structure open at one end, closed at one end and being axially perpendicular to ground, squeeze tank 611 closed end offer with The perforating that the connection of its inner cavity is connected squeezes motor 612 and is coaxially fixedly installed in the closed end for squeezing tank 611 and its power output End across perforating and be located at squeeze in tank 611.
It is described squeeze component and be set to squeeze in tank 611, squeezing component includes reciprocating screw rod 613, blade 614, back and forth Screw rod 613 is coaxially fixedly installed in the power output end for squeezing motor 612, and blade 614 is installed on reciprocating screw rod 613 by screw Outside, and blade 614 is provided with several groups along the axial array of reciprocating screw rod 613.
The closed end for squeezing tank 611 is also provided with the recirculation hole for connecting and connecting with its inner cavity, and connecting pipe 615 connect connection with recirculation hole.
Cleaned fructus lycii is poured onto and squeezes in tank 611 by staff, then squeezes motor 612 and runs and make past Multifilament bar 613 is axially rotated around itself, and reciprocating screw rod 613 rotates and blade 614 is made to move synchronously and carry out at mashing to fructus lycii Reason, at the same time, reciprocating screw rod 613 and screw cooperation are so that blade 614 is done along the axial direction of reciprocating screw rod 613 up and down reciprocatingly transports It is dynamic, so that blade 614 is more thorough to the mashing of fructus lycii, the purer exquisiteness of fructus lycii slurries.
Preferably, it squeezes more convenient in tank 611 and is not easy to trickle down to be poured onto fructus lycii, described squeezes tank 611 open end matching is provided with guidance funnel 616, and the horizontal cross-sectional area of funnel 616 is guided to be incremented by from the bottom to top.
The filter pulp mechanism 620 includes filter pulp tank 621, pulp pipeline 623, and filter pulp tank 621 is an open at one end, end seal The tube structure closed and its open end Matching installation has filter pulp end cap, offers connecting hole and connecting pipe 615 on filter pulp end cap Connection is connect with connecting hole, Matching installation is gone back in filter pulp tank 621 to be had for carrying out to particulate matters such as pericarps in fructus lycii slurries The filter pulp net 622 of filter, the closed end of filter pulp tank 621, which is offered, connect the slurry outlet connected and pulp pipeline 623 with its inner cavity Connection is connect with slurry outlet.
It is squeezed mashing treated the fructus lycii slurries of mechanism 610 to flow into filter pulp tank 621 by connecting pipe 615, Chinese holly Qi slurries filter the particulate matters such as pericarp through filter pulp net 622, and flow out eventually by pulp pipeline 623.
Preferably, during filter pulp, the particulate matters such as pericarp are finally stored on filter pulp net 622 fructus lycii slurries, for a long time It after use, needs to wash it, in order to keep washing process more convenient, the filter pulp tank 621 consists of two parts simultaneously And respectively Matching installation has the changeover portion of filter pulp end cap, connect the filter pulp section connected, changeover portion and filter pulp with pulp pipeline 623 Mode is threadedly coupled between section and carries out detachable installation, and filter pulp net 622 is installed in filter pulp section;For a long time using filter After pulp grinder structure 620, filter pulp tank 621 can be dismantled, and it is washed, then filter pulp tank 621 be installed, entirely Process is simple and convenient.

Claims (10)

1. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries, which is characterized in that it includes setting gradually for picking the fructus lycii of fructus lycii Picking machine, cleaning device for being cleaned to the fructus lycii after picking are squeezed for carrying out slurries to the fructus lycii after cleaning Device for extracting;
The medlar-picking machine includes, picking preparation device, picks driving device, fructus lycii storage device, picks preparation device For driving picking driving device in whole vertical arrangement and being ready for picking fructus lycii, picking driving device is used to use vibration Flowing mode picks fructus lycii, and fructus lycii storage device is set to the underface of picking driving device and for carrying out branches and leaves separation to fructus lycii And store fructus lycii;
The cleaning device include cleaning shell, cleaning pipe, cleaning driving mechanism, the cleaning shell be it is open at one end, Closed at one end and open end is located at the shell structure above closed end, cleans detachable in shell be equipped in horizontally disposed Filter plate, filter plate are provided with two groups and respectively the first filter plate, the second filter plate below the first filter plate, and first Filter plate is greater than the impurity of fructus lycii size for filter sizes, and the second filter plate is less than the miscellaneous of fructus lycii size for filter sizes Matter, the region between the first filter plate, the second filter plate is cleaning chamber, between the second filter plate and cleaning shell inner cavity bottom of chamber Region is drainage cavity;
The device for extracting includes squeezing mechanism, for fructus lycii slurries for what is squeezed to the fructus lycii progress slurries after cleaning Carry out the filter pulp mechanism of pericarp filtering;
The mechanism of squeezing includes squeezing tank, squeezing motor, squeeze component, connecting pipe, and squeezing tank is open at one end, one end The tube structure for closing and being axially perpendicular to ground, the closed end for squeezing tank offer the perforating for connecting and connecting with its inner cavity, It squeezes motor coaxle and is fixedly installed in the closed end for squeezing tank and its power output end and passes through perforating and be located at and squeeze in tank.
2. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cleaning shell edge The one side in length direction, which is offered, to be connect the discharge gate connected with cleaning chamber, connect the drainage hole connected with drainage cavity, Clean one side of the shell along local width direction and offer and connect the mounting hole connected with cleaning chamber, one end of cleaning pipe with outside Water source connection in boundary is connected, the other end passes through mounting hole and intracavitary positioned at cleaning, and cleaning pipe is set along cleaning outer cover length direction array It is equipped with several groups and mounting hole correspondence offers several groups, the cleaning for cleaning shell intracavitary is additionally provided with for assisting fructus lycii to clean And it is located at the cleaning roller below cleaning pipe;
The cleaning roller includes installation axle, roller, cleaning brush, and installation axle is axially parallel to cleaning outer casing width direction, installation Axis is movably installed in cleaning intracavitary and being located at around the power intake of itself axial direction rotation and installation axle clear for cleaning shell Shell exterior is washed, roller is coaxially socketed on outside installation axle, and cleaning brush is flexible banister brush, and cleaning brush is fixedly installed in outside roller Disc and cleaning brush have been evenly spaced on several groups along roller periphery, and the cleaning rod is along cleaning outer cover length direction battle array Column are provided with several groups, and the cleaning brush of two adjacent groups cleaning rod contacts with each other;
The cleaning driving mechanism is located at the outside of cleaning shell, and cleaning driving mechanism includes cleaning driving motor, cleaning tape Component is taken turns, cleaning driving motor is fixedly installed in cleaning shell side and its output shaft is axially parallel to installation axle axial direction, described Cleaning pulley member include cleaning driving pulley, cleaning driven pulley, cleaning transmission belt, cleaning driving pulley be fixedly sheathed in It cleans outside the power output end of driving motor, cleaning driven pulley is fixedly sheathed in outside the power intake of installation axle and clear It washes driven pulley and is correspondingly arranged on several groups, clean the head end of transmission belt around over cleaning driving pulley, several groups cleaning driven belt Closed loop circuit is connect and constituted after wheel with the head end of cleaning transmission belt, cleaning driving pulley and several groups clean driven pulley Between by cleaning transmission belt carry out power transmitting.
3. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 2, which is characterized in that second filter plate Inclined arrangement, the distance between the second filter plate and face where discharge gate are along the direction perpendicular to ground and pass from the bottom to top Increase;
The cleaning pipe, which is located at cleaning shell, which cleans intracavitary one end Matching installation, water spray-jet, the cleaning device It further include the water circulation mechanism for being filtered and making it to be recycled to water, water circulation mechanism includes water tank, water tank Interior matching is provided with the third filter plate for filtering impurities in water.
4. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the component that squeezes is set Be placed in and squeeze in tank, squeezing component includes reciprocating screw rod, blade, reciprocating screw rod be coaxially fixedly installed in squeeze motor power it is defeated Outlet, blade are installed on the outside of reciprocating screw rod by screw, and blade be provided with along the axial array of reciprocating screw rod it is several Group;
The closed end for squeezing tank is also provided with the recirculation hole for connecting and connecting with its inner cavity, and connecting pipe and recirculation hole Connection is connected;
The filter pulp mechanism includes filter pulp tank, pulp pipeline, filter pulp tank be tube structure open at one end, closed at one end and its Open end Matching installation has filter pulp end cap, and connecting hole is offered on filter pulp end cap and connecting pipe connect connection with connecting hole, filter Matching installation is gone back in slurry tank filter pulp net for being filtered to particulate matters such as pericarps in fructus lycii slurries, the closing of filter pulp tank End offers the slurry outlet that connection is connect with its inner cavity and pulp pipeline connect connection with slurry outlet.
5. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described squeezes opening for tank The matching of mouth end is provided with guidance funnel, and the horizontal cross-sectional area of funnel is guided to be incremented by from the bottom to top;
The filter pulp tank consists of two parts and is respectively that Matching installation has the changeover portion of filter pulp end cap, connects with pulp pipeline The filter pulp section of connection, the mode that is threadedly coupled between changeover portion and filter pulp section carries out detachable installation, and filter pulp net is pacified Loaded in filter pulp section.
6. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 1, which is characterized in that picking preparation device installation In on main frame body, picking preparation device includes power mechanism, prepares mechanism, and power mechanism prepares mechanism operation for driving, quasi- Standby host structure is for driving picking driving device to arrange in entirety and be ready vertically for picking fructus lycii;
The power mechanism includes motor, transfer case, and motor/transfer case is both secured on main frame body, and transfer case The axial direction for exporting front/rear axis is each perpendicular to ground, be provided between motor and transfer case power intake bevel gear part one and Power transmitting is carried out by bevel gear part one between the two;
The preparation mechanism includes transferring member, prepares part, and the power that transferring member is used to provide power mechanism is transferred to accurately Part, accurate part run under the power effect that power mechanism provides and drive picking driving device movement;
The transferring member includes transmission axle one, transmission axle two, and one/transmission axle of transmission axle two is axially parallel to ground and the two It is movably installed on main frame body and can axially be rotated around itself, be provided with cone between transmission axle one and the output front axle of transfer case Gear member two and between the two by bevel gear part two carry out power transmitting, set between transmission axle two and the output rear axle of transfer case It is equipped with bevel gear part three and power transmitting is carried out by bevel gear part three between the two, motor running is simultaneously driven by transfer case One/transmission axle of transmission axle two is axially rotated around itself;
The preparation part is provided with two groups and is respectively arranged in transferring member along itself axial one end, and preparing part includes screw rod One, screw rod two, positioning tube, drive block;
One/the screw rod of screw rod two is axially parallel to ground and axial direction perpendicular to transmission axle one and both activity peaces Loaded on that can rotate on main frame body and axially around itself, bevel gear part four and between the two is provided between screw rod one and transmission axle one Power transmitting is carried out by bevel gear part four, bevel gear part five is provided between screw rod two and transmission axle two and is passed through between the two Bevel gear part five carries out power transmitting, and one/transmission axle of transmission axle two axially rotates around itself and draws one/screw rod of screw rod two around certainly Body axially rotates;
The positioning tube is installed on outside screw rod one by screw and screw rod one rotates and it is axial along screw rod one to draw positioning tube It is subjected to displacement, and is also provided with the avoid holes for avoiding screw rod two on positioning tube, pulley, pulley are additionally provided on positioning tube It is axially parallel to one axial direction of transmission axle and moveable roller is installed on positioning tube and can axially rotate around itself, pulley is provided with two Group is simultaneously located at positioning tube one end axial along screw rod one, and the drive block is installed on two outside of screw rod and silk by screw Simultaneously traction drive block is axially displaced along screw rod two for the rotation of bar two, and drive block is located between two groups of pulleys, the silk One/screw rod of bar two rotates and draws positioning tube/drive block and is subjected to displacement, and when screw rod one and screw rod two rotate simultaneously, fixed Position cylinder/drive block direction of displacement is consistent.
7. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the picking drives dress Install and be placed between two groups of preparation parts, picking driving device includes mounting rack, driving mechanism, picking mechanism, driving mechanism with adopt Off-hook structure is respectively mounted on frame, is provided with rope between mounting rack and preparation part and is connected between the two by rope, And mounting rack is used in the case where preparing the cooperation of part and rope move and in whole vertical arrangement, and driving mechanism is for driving picking Mechanism operation simultaneously picks fructus lycii with mode of vibration;
The mounting rack is horizontally installed between two groups of drive blocks, and mounting rack includes bracket, mounting post, rope cylinder, on bracket Be provided be axially parallel to the axial shaft of transmission axle one and shaft be movably installed on drive block and can around itself it is axial rotate, And shaft is correspondingly arranged on two groups, and bracket is movably installed between two groups of drive blocks by two groups of shafts and can be axial around the shaft Rotation;
The mounting post be installed on bracket away from transferring member side and mounting post be in the same plane with bracket, mounting post Two kinds and respectively mounting post one, mounting post two can be divided into, and the two is the rectangular case structure for being provided with inner cavity, mounting post One is provided with two groups and is located at bracket along the axial one end of transmission axle one and two groups of mounting posts one side close to each other Perforating one is offered, mounting post two is set to the two sides that between two groups of mounting posts one and mounting post two is axial along transmission axle one Face offers perforating two, and mounting post two is provided with several groups along the axial array of transmission axle one;
The rope cylinder is axially parallel to transmission axle one axially, and rope cylinder is provided with two groups and is fixedly installed in two groups respectively On the side that mounting post one mutually deviates from and far from bracket, the rope is divided into rope one, two, one end of rope one and rope Cylinder is fixedly connected, the other end is bypassed and is fixedly connected after the pulley of transferring member with drive block, one end of rope two and rope cylinder It is fixedly connected, the other end is fixedly connected after bypassing the pulley far from transferring member with drive block.
8. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the picking mechanism packet Include be installed in mounting post one picking component one, the picking component two that is installed in mounting post two, the picking correspondence of component one sets Two groups are equipped with, picking component two is correspondingly arranged on several groups;
The picking component two includes picking component two, and picking component two includes transmission parts two, picking plate, and transmission parts two include Conveyer belt, drive roll, driven roller, master/slave dynamic roller are movably installed in mounting post two and can axially rotate around itself And the power intake of drive roll passes through mounting post two and outside, and conveyer belt is set to drive roll and driven rolling Between cylinder and master/slave dynamic roller rotates and draws conveyer belt movement, and the outer surface of conveyer belt is additionally provided with vibration protrusion;
The picking plate is hingedly installed in mounting post two, and the one end for picking plate is located in mounting post two and the end is contact It holds, the other end is disposed through the perforating two outside mounting post two and is located at two outside of mounting post and the end is vibration end, biography It send with the contact end in contact that moves and can make vibration protrusion with picking plate, picking plate is arranged along the extending direction array of mounting post two There are several groups and vibration protrusion is correspondingly arranged on several groups, also matching is provided with for keeping picking plate extensive at the perforating two Multiple torsional spring and torsional spring to original state is correspondingly arranged on several groups;
The picking component two is provided with two groups and the extending direction of mounting post two is symmetric respectively;
It is provided with gear member between the drive roll of two groups of picking components two and gear member carries out power biography between the two It passs.
9. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the picking component one Including picking component one, picking component one is consistent with the picking structure of component two and picks between component one, mounting post one Connection relationship between connection relationship and picking component two, mounting post two is consistent, and the drive roll of picking component one is adopted with adjacent It plucks and is provided with band gear member between the drive roll of component two and power transmitting is carried out by band gear member between the two;
The driving mechanism includes driving motor, sprocket member, driving motor be fixed on bracket and its power output end with appoint The one group of drive roll anticipated in one group of picking component two is fixedly and coaxially connected, and sprocket member includes chain, sprocket wheel, and sprocket coaxiality is fixed Outside one group of drive roll of picking component two and sprocket wheel is correspondingly arranged on several groups, and chain is set between several groups sprocket wheel And for the power transmitting between several groups sprocket wheel.
10. the automation preparation system of fructus lycii slurries according to claim 8 or claim 9, which is characterized in that the fructus lycii storage Cryopreservation device includes storage warehouse, and storage warehouse is fixed on the underface on main frame body and being located at picking driving device, also sets in storage warehouse It is equipped with the filter screen for filtering branches and leaves in fructus lycii, storage warehouse is additionally provided with door, door away from the side of picking preparation device It is installed on storage warehouse by door hinge articulated manner, locking bolt is additionally provided between door and storage warehouse, and locking bolt is provided with two Group is simultaneously located at the door side axial along transmission axle one;
The locking bolt includes fixed frame, lock bolt rod, Lock spring, and fixed frame is fixed on storage warehouse and is provided on fixed frame It is axially parallel to the axial through-hole of transmission axle one, lock bolt rod is coaxially movably installed in through-hole and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation and locks One end of tightening latch is holding end, the other end is locking end and locking end is located at side and locking of the door away from storage warehouse inner cavity End can limit door and do the movement for opening storage warehouse;
The partial interior that the lock bolt rod is located in through-hole is coaxially arranged with locking hole, external is provided with and locking hole connects Hole is stretched out, the through-hole cavity wall is provided with conflict protrusion, contradicts raised free end and passes through and stretches out hole and be located in locking hole simultaneously And it contradicts protrusion and stretches out between hole and constitute slide-and-guide cooperation;
The Lock spring is sheathed in locking hole, and one end of Lock spring and through-hole are supported close to the end wall of lock bolt rod locking end It touching, the other end and contradicts protrusion and contradicts, the elastic force of Lock spring drives the lock bolt rod movement far from fixed frame of doing locking end.
CN201910493928.0A 2019-06-08 2019-06-08 Automatic preparation system of matrimony vine thick liquid Active CN110366948B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1161945A (en) * 1966-04-06 1969-08-20 Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka Method and apparatus for Extracting Soluble Fractions from Solid Substances
KR20110047593A (en) * 2009-10-30 2011-05-09 조해준 The extractor
CN204888027U (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-23 宁波镇海弘润磁材科技有限公司 Matrimony vine collection system
CN205454662U (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-08-17 甘肃农业大学 Device is picked to vibrating matrimony vine
CN207284264U (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-05-01 青岛农业大学 Winter jujube cropper
CN108156955A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-06-15 浦江县晶富农业科技有限公司 The jujube production recovery arrangement of height can arbitrarily be adjusted
CN208403179U (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-01-22 宜昌峡江食品有限公司 A kind of apparatus for washing devilstongue
CN208481069U (en) * 2017-08-29 2019-02-12 广东源丰食品有限公司 A kind of blended fruit juice system of processing

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1161945A (en) * 1966-04-06 1969-08-20 Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka Method and apparatus for Extracting Soluble Fractions from Solid Substances
KR20110047593A (en) * 2009-10-30 2011-05-09 조해준 The extractor
CN204888027U (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-23 宁波镇海弘润磁材科技有限公司 Matrimony vine collection system
CN205454662U (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-08-17 甘肃农业大学 Device is picked to vibrating matrimony vine
CN208481069U (en) * 2017-08-29 2019-02-12 广东源丰食品有限公司 A kind of blended fruit juice system of processing
CN207284264U (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-05-01 青岛农业大学 Winter jujube cropper
CN208403179U (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-01-22 宜昌峡江食品有限公司 A kind of apparatus for washing devilstongue
CN108156955A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-06-15 浦江县晶富农业科技有限公司 The jujube production recovery arrangement of height can arbitrarily be adjusted

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