CN111891442A - Support machine - Google Patents

Support machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111891442A
CN111891442A CN202010915375.6A CN202010915375A CN111891442A CN 111891442 A CN111891442 A CN 111891442A CN 202010915375 A CN202010915375 A CN 202010915375A CN 111891442 A CN111891442 A CN 111891442A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tray
blocking
conveying
module
positioning
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010915375.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何昆
陈楚
张慧慧
张志平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Shell-Conning Mechanical Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Shell-Conning Mechanical Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Shell-Conning Mechanical Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Shell-Conning Mechanical Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202010915375.6A priority Critical patent/CN111891442A/en
Publication of CN111891442A publication Critical patent/CN111891442A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B21/00Packaging or unpacking of bottles
    • B65B21/02Packaging or unpacking of bottles in or from preformed containers, e.g. crates
    • B65B21/04Arranging, assembling, feeding, or orientating the bottles prior to introduction into, or after removal from, containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B21/00Packaging or unpacking of bottles
    • B65B21/02Packaging or unpacking of bottles in or from preformed containers, e.g. crates
    • B65B21/14Introducing or removing groups of bottles, for filling or emptying containers in one operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • B65B43/46Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation using grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • B65B43/52Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation using roller-ways or endless conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • B65B43/54Means for supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/10Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
    • B65B57/16Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged and operating to stop, or to control the speed of, the machine as a whole

Abstract

The invention relates to a tray entering machine, comprising: the tray conveying mechanism is used for conveying the trays to the boxing station; the product conveying mechanism is used for conveying products to the boxing station; the positioning tray mechanism is arranged in the boxing station and is connected and matched with the product conveying mechanism; and the boxing execution mechanism is arranged in the boxing station and used for transferring and inserting the products positioned on the positioning tray mechanism into the tray box. Compare in traditional manual cartridge operation mode, this scheme goes into dress box efficiency of holding in the palm machine is higher, and whole journey need not human intervention, reduces workman intensity of labour, alleviates enterprise's recruitment cost, promotes production economy.

Description

Support machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automatic production equipment, in particular to a tray entering machine.
Background
At present, many commodities sold in the market need to be placed in a packaging box for sale, so that the packaging box is more attractive, meanwhile, the packaging box can play roles in preventing theft, dust, water and the like for the commodities, and the product quality is guaranteed. Generally speaking, in consideration of convenient installation and detachment, the inner space of the packing box is larger than the volume of the commodity, so that in order to avoid the situation that the commodity rocks in the packing box in links such as transportation after being loaded, the commodity is generally clamped in the support box, then the commodity and the support box are loaded into the packing box together, and the support box is tightly abutted against the inner wall of the packing box, so that the aim of limiting the commodity from rocking is achieved.
Traditionally, the operation of loading commodities into the tray box is mostly completed by means of manual operation of workers, so that the labor intensity of the workers is high, the labor cost of enterprises is increased, the box loading efficiency is low, and the production efficiency and the economical efficiency are affected.
Disclosure of Invention
Based on this, it is necessary to provide a machine of entrying, aim at solving prior art intensity of labour is big, and the dress box is efficient, influences the problem of enterprise's economic nature.
The application provides a go into and hold in palm machine, go into to hold in the palm the machine and include:
the tray conveying mechanism is used for conveying the trays to the boxing station;
the product conveying mechanism is used for conveying products to the boxing station;
the positioning tray mechanism is arranged in the boxing station and is connected and matched with the product conveying mechanism; and
and the boxing execution mechanism is arranged in the boxing station and used for transferring and inserting the products positioned on the positioning tray mechanism into the tray box.
The tray entering machine is used for production operation of automatically loading products into the tray boxes to replace traditional manual operation, and the purposes of quality improvement and efficiency improvement are achieved. Specifically, during production, the tray conveying mechanism conveys the tray to the boxing station, meanwhile, the product conveying mechanism synchronously conveys the product to a positioning tray mechanism arranged in the boxing station, and the positioning tray mechanism is used for limiting the product to be in a preset required posture; on the basis, the boxing actuating mechanism can pick up the product on the positioning tray mechanism, transfer the product to a support box in a boxing station, and finally insert the product into the support box, so that the automatic boxing processing of the product is completed. Compare in traditional manual cartridge operation mode, this scheme goes into dress box efficiency of holding in the palm machine is higher, and whole journey need not human intervention, reduces workman intensity of labour, alleviates enterprise's recruitment cost, promotes production economy.
The technical solution of the present application is further described below:
in one embodiment, the product conveying mechanism comprises a loading module, a discharging module and a product conveying line, the discharging module is connected between the loading module and the product conveying line, the product conveying line is connected with the positioning tray mechanism, and the product conveying mechanism further comprises a labeling module, and the labeling module is arranged on one side of the product conveying line.
In one embodiment, the positioning tray mechanism comprises a tray conveying line, a clamping assembly and a positioning tray, the clamping assembly is arranged on the tray conveying line, the positioning tray is clamped and fixed with the clamping assembly, and a positioning groove is concavely arranged on the positioning tray.
In one embodiment, the clamping assembly comprises a first clamping block and a second clamping block, and the first clamping block and the second clamping block are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the tray conveying line and respectively abutted against the left outer side wall and the right outer side wall of the positioning tray.
In one embodiment, the tray conveying mechanism comprises a tray conveying line, a bottom adsorption assembly, a top pressing assembly and a first material blocking assembly, the bottom adsorption assembly is arranged at the bottom of the tray conveying line, the top pressing assembly is arranged at the top of the tray conveying line and is vertically opposite to the bottom adsorption assembly, and the first material blocking assembly is arranged at the outlet end of the tray conveying line.
In one embodiment, the tray conveying line is provided with a through groove which longitudinally penetrates through the tray conveying line, the bottom adsorption component comprises an adsorption lifting driving piece and a suction head which is connected with the adsorption lifting driving piece in a driving mode, the suction head can penetrate through the through groove to adsorb and fix the bottom of the tray, the bottom wall of the through groove is provided with a positioning step, and the suction head can be clamped and positioned with the positioning step.
In one embodiment, the top pressing assembly comprises a pressing lifting driving element and a pressing plate in driving connection with the pressing lifting driving element, the pressing plate is used for pressing the lower end of the product into the clamping groove of the tray to be fixed, and the top pressing assembly further comprises a pressure sensor connected between the pressing plate and a driving shaft of the pressing lifting driving element.
In one embodiment, the first material blocking assembly comprises a first material blocking driving piece and a first material blocking plate in driving connection with the first material blocking driving piece, the first material blocking plate can enter or move out of a conveying channel of the tray conveying line, the tray conveying mechanism further comprises a second material blocking assembly, the second material blocking assembly is arranged at an inlet end of the tray conveying line, the inlet end is located at the upstream of the boxing station, the second material blocking assembly comprises a material blocking support, a second material blocking driving piece arranged on the material blocking support and a second material blocking plate in driving connection with the second material blocking driving piece, and the second material blocking plate can enter or move out of the conveying channel of the tray conveying line.
In one embodiment, the second material blocking assembly further comprises a flexible pressing block, and the flexible pressing block is arranged on the second material blocking plate and can be flexibly pressed on the supporting box.
In one embodiment, the cartoning actuator includes a traverse module, a rotation module disposed on the traverse module, a lift module disposed on the rotation module, and a vacuum chuck connected to the lift module.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention.
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a palletizing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 1 from another perspective;
fig. 4 is a partially enlarged structural view at B in fig. 3.
Description of reference numerals:
10. a tray conveying mechanism; 11. a tray conveying line; 12. a bottom adsorption component; 13. a top hold down assembly; 131. pressing down the lifting driving member; 132. pressing a plate; 14. a second material blocking component; 141. a material blocking bracket; 142. a second material retaining driving member; 143. a second retainer plate; 144. a flexible press block; 20. a product conveying mechanism; 21. a product conveying line; 22. a product stop assembly; 30. boxing station; 40. a positioning tray mechanism; 41. a pallet conveyor line; 42. a clamping assembly; 43. positioning the tray; 50. a boxing actuator; 51. a transverse moving module; 52. a rotation module; 53. a lifting module; 54. a vacuum chuck; 60. supporting the box; 70. and (5) producing the product.
Detailed Description
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein.
As shown in fig. 1, a palletizing machine according to an embodiment of the present application includes: the control device, the machine base, the tray conveying mechanism 10, the product conveying mechanism 20, the positioning tray mechanism 40, the box packing actuating mechanism 50 and some auxiliary devices. The control device is electrically connected with the tray conveying mechanism 10, the product conveying mechanism 20, the positioning tray mechanism 40 and the boxing actuating mechanism 50 respectively, and at the beginning of work, an operator can set parameters (processing speed, processing period and the like) through the control device so as to meet the processing requirements of different products 70.
Alternatively, the control device may be, but is not limited to, a PLC, a numerical control system, a micro-controller computer, or the like; the concrete can be selected according to actual needs.
The machine base is used for loading the fixed tray conveying mechanism 10, the product conveying mechanism 20, the positioning tray mechanism 40 and the boxing actuating mechanism 50, so that the integrity of the tray entering machine is better, and meanwhile, the occupied installation space is reduced. The control device can be arranged on the base or independently arranged on one side of the base.
The frame comprises a box at the bottom and an open frame mounted at the top of the box, wherein the area enclosed by the open frame forms a boxing station 30.
With continued reference to fig. 1 and 2, the tray conveying mechanism 10 is configured to convey the tray 60 to the boxing station 30; the product conveying mechanism 20 is used for conveying products 70 to the boxing station 30; the positioning tray mechanism 40 is arranged in the boxing station 30, and the positioning tray mechanism 40 is connected and matched with the product conveying mechanism 20; the boxing actuator 50 is configured to be disposed in the boxing station 30, and the boxing actuator 50 is configured to transfer and insert the products 70 located on the positioning tray mechanism 40 into the tray 60.
In summary, the implementation of the technical solution of the present embodiment has the following beneficial effects: the tray feeder is used for production operation of automatically loading the products 70 into the tray box 60, so that the traditional manual operation is replaced, and the purposes of quality improvement and efficiency improvement are achieved. Specifically, during production, the tray conveying mechanism 10 conveys the tray 60 to the boxing station 30, and meanwhile, the product conveying mechanism 20 synchronously conveys the product 70 to the positioning tray mechanism 40 installed in the boxing station 30, and the positioning tray mechanism 40 is used for limiting the product 70 to be in a preset required posture; on the basis, the boxing actuator 50 can pick up the product 70 on the positioning tray mechanism 40, transfer the product 70 to the tray box 60 in the boxing station 30, and finally insert the product 70 into the tray box 60, so that the automatic boxing of the product 70 is completed. Compare in traditional manual cartridge operation mode, this scheme goes into dress box efficiency of holding in the palm machine is higher, and whole journey need not human intervention, reduces workman intensity of labour, alleviates enterprise's recruitment cost, promotes production economy.
It should be noted that the tray 60 in this embodiment is a box body made of plastic material, and a clamping groove is pre-arranged on the tray and can be used for clamping and fixing the product 70. Preferably, four engaging grooves are formed in a single tray 60 side by side, so that four products 70 can be simultaneously installed in the single tray 60, thereby increasing installation capacity. Of course, in other embodiments, the number of the card slots may also be two, three or more, and may be specifically set according to actual needs.
In addition, the product 70 mentioned in this embodiment is a cylindrical bottle body, such as shampoo, perfume, etc., and the shape and size of the bottom end of the product 70 are correspondingly matched with the shape and size of the slot, respectively, so that the product 70 can be inserted and fixed in the holder box 60. I.e., four products 70 are simultaneously loaded in each tray 60.
During processing, the products 70 are generally fed from the upstream station to the palletizer in a disordered manner, and the products 70 loaded into the palletizer 60 need to be arranged regularly, so that the disordered products 70 need to be sorted in order before the products 70 enter the positioning tray mechanism 40. That is, in some embodiments of the present application, the product conveying mechanism 20 includes a loading module, a discharging module and a product conveying line 21, the discharging module is connected between the loading module and the product conveying line 21, and the product conveying line 21 is engaged with the positioning tray mechanism 40.
The feeding module can be used for receiving a plurality of disorderly and unordered products 70 conveyed from the upstream, and can convey the products one by one orderly to the discharging module in modes of vibration feeding and the like, and the discharging module can further arrange the entering products 70 into a row, so that the postures of the products 70 meet the requirements of boxing postures. On the basis, the product conveying line 21 can continuously transfer the orderly arranged products 70 to the positioning tray mechanism 40, and reliable guarantee is provided for the products 70 to be boxed.
It will be appreciated that the above-described feeding module may be, but is not limited to, a vibrating feeding tray. The discharge module may be, but is not limited to, a slide mechanism. The product conveying line 21 may be, but is not limited to, a pulley conveying line, a link conveying line, etc.
Furthermore, in some embodiments, the product conveying mechanism 20 further comprises a labeling module disposed at one side of the product conveying line 21. If a label is required to be adhered to the surface of the product 70, the labeling module preset on one side of the product conveying line 21 can well perform labeling operation, so that the production requirements are met. Specifically, the labeling module may be any type of labeling device or mechanism based on any working principle in the prior art, and is not described herein in detail.
Since it takes a certain time for the boxing actuator 50 to transfer and insert the products 70 that have entered the positioning tray mechanism 40 into the tray 60, in order to avoid that the excessive products 70 enter the positioning tray mechanism 40 and cause stacking or mutual extrusion, thereby affecting the normal operation of the next boxing actuator 50, the product conveying mechanism 20 further includes a product stop assembly 22, and the product stop assembly 22 is disposed at the end of the product conveying line 21 that is connected with the positioning tray mechanism 40. That is, the product stop assembly 22 can reasonably control the number of the products 70 entering the positioning tray mechanism 40, thereby ensuring continuous and reliable production.
For example, the product stop assembly 22 includes a mounting bracket, a cylinder disposed on the mounting bracket, and a baffle connected to a piston rod of the cylinder. When the cylinder drives the piston cylinder to extend, the baffle plate extends into the conveying channel of the product conveying line 21 to block the product 70, so that excessive product 70 is prevented from entering the positioning tray mechanism 40.
Referring to fig. 2, in some embodiments, the positioning tray mechanism 40 includes a tray conveying line 41, a holding assembly 42 and a positioning tray 43, the holding assembly 42 is disposed on the tray conveying line 41, the positioning tray 43 is fixed to the holding assembly 42 in a clamping manner, and a positioning groove is concavely disposed on the positioning tray 43.
As described in the above solution, four slots are preset in the tray 60, and four products 70 can be simultaneously clamped. Therefore, in order to facilitate the boxing actuator 50 to simultaneously pick up the four products 70 and insert the four products into the tray 60 according to the preset posture, the products 70 need to be fed into the positioning tray mechanism 40. Also can fall into the location tray 43 on the tray transfer chain 41 by oneself from the product 70 that product transfer chain 21 conveys, preset four bar-shaped positioning groove in the location tray 43 this moment, four products 70 with the roll of prone position one-to-one fall into four positioning groove, with the help of four positioning groove's structure and the characteristics of arranging, the position of four products 70 of restriction that just can be fine, and form required gesture and the interval of arranging, guarantee that follow-up dress box actuating mechanism 50 can reliably pick up. Furthermore, the clamping component 42 preset on the tray conveying line 41 and the positioning tray 43 form a clamping relationship therebetween, so that the positioning tray 43 can be stably and reliably placed, and the positioning tray 43 is prevented from being jumped, toppled or inclined due to impact force at the moment that the product 70 falls onto the positioning tray 43.
Specifically, the clamping assembly 42 includes a first clamping block and a second clamping block, which are respectively disposed at the left and right sides of the tray conveying line 41 and respectively abut against the left and right outer sidewalls of the positioning tray 43. The design of the clamping assembly 42 with the first clamping block and the second clamping block is adopted, so that the structure is simple, and the limiting effect on the positioning tray 43 is obvious.
In some special cases, due to the fact that the products 70 are missing or the products 70 are jammed in the product conveying line 21, the products 70 are missing in some positioning grooves on the positioning tray 43, and the quality of subsequent boxing is affected. In view of this, in still other embodiments, the palletizer further includes a vision inspection module, which is disposed on the tray conveying line 41 and is opposite to the positioning tray 43. So, visual detection module can carry out visual detection to the product 70 condition of being equipped with on every location tray 43, with the help of the direct monitoring means of image, when lacking product 70 in the discovery positioning groove, but control device is given to timely feedback signal, and control device control machine is shut down, gets rid of the obstacle by the manual work, guarantees dress box quality.
For example, in some embodiments, the visual inspection module comprises a visual inspection support, a visual detector disposed on the visual inspection support, and a light compensating piece disposed on the visual inspection support. The vision detector may be, but is not limited to, a vision inspection camera, etc., and the vision inspection camera is mounted on the vision inspection bracket, so as to obtain a complete image of the entire positioning tray 43, and ensure reliable inspection. And the light filling piece of installing additional can supply sufficient light in dim working interval of light or the factory place, guarantees that the visual detection ware effectively works.
It will be appreciated that the vision inspection bracket is used to position the vision detector at the appropriate height required. The visual detection support can be a fixed support rod, or a telescopic lifting rod group, or a motor lead screw slide block mechanism, a cylinder scissor mechanism and the like which can be linearly and automatically lifted and adjusted; the concrete selection can be carried out according to the actual requirement.
With reference to fig. 3 and 4, in addition, on the basis of any of the above embodiments, the tray conveying mechanism 10 includes a tray conveying line 11, a bottom suction assembly 12, a top pressing assembly 13, and a first material blocking assembly, the bottom suction assembly 12 is disposed at the bottom of the tray conveying line 11, the top pressing assembly 13 is disposed at the top of the tray conveying line 11 and is vertically opposite to the bottom suction assembly 12, and the first material blocking assembly is disposed at an outlet end of the tray conveying line 11.
Specifically, the tray conveying line 11 is used to convey the trays 60 into the boxing station 30. In this embodiment, the tray conveying line 11 includes two parts, one of which is a built-in section inside the boxing station 30, and the other of which is an extended section extending out of the boxing station 30. Bottom adsorption component 12, top push down subassembly 13 and first material stopping component are all installed respectively on built-in section to reliably participate in the dress box operation.
As mentioned in the foregoing, the tray 60 in the present application is a transparent box body made of plastic, and has a light weight. When being impacted by external force, the tray conveying line 11 is easy to jump off and fall off or incline. Based on this, because the bottom adsorption component 12 is arranged in advance, the bottom adsorption component 12 can adsorb the bottom of the light tray box 60, so that the effect of reliably fixing the whole tray box 60 is achieved, and the tray box 60 can be reliably inserted when a subsequent product 70 is inserted. The top hold-down assembly 13, which is disposed above, is used to apply a downward pressure on the product 70 from above, so that the product 70 can overcome the resistance of the tray 60 and ensure that the lower end is effectively inserted into the slot of the tray 60. The first material blocking assembly is used for blocking and positioning the tray box 60 entering the built-in section before the bottom adsorption assembly 12 works, so that the tray box 60 can be longitudinally aligned with the bottom adsorption assembly 12 and the top pressing assembly 13.
Particularly, hold in the palm box transfer chain 11 and offer the logical groove that vertically runs through the setting, bottom absorption subassembly 12 including adsorb the lift driving piece, and with adsorb the suction head that the drive of lift driving piece is connected, the suction head can run through logical groove and will hold in the palm the bottom of box 60 and adsorb fixedly. It is easy to understand that the suction head is communicated with the vacuum generator through a vacuum pipeline, the end surface of the suction head is provided with a suction hole, when the vacuum generator is started, vacuum suction force is generated at the suction hole, and therefore the bottom of the holding box 60 can be adsorbed and fixed. That is, when the tray 60 is moved to the right position, the suction head is driven by the suction lifting driving member to ascend to penetrate through the through groove, the suction head contacts the bottom of the tray 60, and the suction head can fixedly suck the tray 60 immediately after the vacuum generator works. The positioning and fixing scheme for the support box 60 has the advantages of simple structure and working principle, high reliability and no damage to the support box 60 such as deformation and extrusion. Meanwhile, the suction head penetrates through the through groove, the width size of the tray conveying line 11 can be reduced, and the miniaturization design of the tray entering machine is realized.
Particularly, the diapire that leads to the groove is equipped with the location step, the suction head can with location step joint location. The positioning step can be abutted and limited with the rising suction head, so that the situation that the suction head moves upwards excessively to overturn the supporting box 60 is prevented.
Alternatively, the above-mentioned adsorption lifting driving member may be, but not limited to, an air cylinder, a linear motor, or a motor capable of outputting rotational power or a module formed by an air cylinder and a steering mechanism capable of converting the rotational power into linear reciprocating power.
With continued reference to fig. 3, in some embodiments, the top pressing assembly 13 includes a pressing lifting driving member 131 and a pressing plate 132 drivingly connected to the pressing lifting driving member 131, wherein the pressing plate 132 is used to press the lower end of the product 70 into the slot of the tray 60 for fixing. The pressing plate 132 is pushed to fall by pressing the lifting driving element 131 downwards, and the pressing plate 132 can press the top of the product 70, so that the lower end of the product 70 is pressed into the clamping groove of the support box 60, and the purpose of firmly assembling the product 70 and the support box 60 is achieved.
In particular, on the basis of the above embodiment, the top press-down assembly 13 further comprises a pressure sensor connected between the press plate 132 and the driving shaft of the press-down elevating driving member 131. Through the pressure feedback of the pressure sensor, the magnitude of the downward pressure applied to the pressing plate 132 by the downward lifting driving element 131 can be effectively adjusted, and the product 70 is prevented from being crushed due to the excessive pressure of the pressing plate 132 on the product 70.
Alternatively, the pressing and lifting driving member 131 may be, but not limited to, a cylinder, a linear motor, or a motor capable of outputting rotational power or a module formed by a cylinder and a steering mechanism capable of converting the rotational power into linear reciprocating power.
In some embodiments, the first material blocking assembly comprises a first material blocking driving member and a first material blocking plate in driving connection with the first material blocking driving member, and the first material blocking plate can enter or move out of the conveying channel of the tray conveying line 11. The tray conveying mechanism 10 further comprises a second material blocking assembly 14, wherein the second material blocking assembly 14 is arranged at an inlet end of the tray conveying line 11, and the inlet end is located at the upstream of the boxing station 30.
According to the scheme, the first material blocking assembly is used for positioning and fixing the support box 60 entering the built-in section, and the implementation mode that the first material blocking driving piece and the first material blocking plate are connected in a telescopic driving mode in the embodiment is simple in structure, easy to implement and low in manufacturing and using cost. And further, the second material blocking component 14 is installed at the inlet end, so that when the support box 60 exists in the built-in section, the extending section and the built-in section of the support box conveying line 11 are blocked in time, and the support box 60 in the extending section is prevented from continuously flowing into the built-in section to cause extrusion deformation damage to the support box 60 in the built-in section.
Referring to fig. 4, in some embodiments, the second stopping assembly 14 includes a stopping bracket 141, a second stopping driving member 142 disposed on the stopping bracket 141, and a second stopping plate 143 in driving connection with the second stopping driving member 142, and the second stopping plate 143 can enter or move out of the conveying channel of the magazine conveying line 11. The implementation mode that the second material blocking driving piece 142 is connected with the second material blocking plate 143 in a telescopic driving mode is simple in structure, high in conveying controllability of the tray box 60, easy to implement and low in manufacturing and using cost.
Further, the second material blocking assembly 14 further includes a flexible pressing block 144, and the flexible pressing block 144 is disposed on the second material blocking plate 143 and can be flexibly pressed against the holder box 60. The flexible pressing block 144 is installed at the bottom of the pressing plate 132, the second material blocking driving member 142 is vertically arranged, the second material blocking plate 143 moves up and down to drive the flexible pressing block 144 to block the supporting box 60 in the extension section from entering the built-in section in a downward pressing mode, the blocking mode has higher reliability,
with reference to fig. 1 and fig. 2, in addition, on the basis of any of the above embodiments, the boxing actuator 50 includes a traverse module 51, a rotation module 52, a lifting module 53, and a vacuum chuck 54, wherein the rotation module 52 is disposed on the traverse module 51, the lifting module 53 is disposed on the rotation module 52, and the vacuum chuck 54 is connected to the lifting module 53.
During operation, the lifting module 53 first drives the vacuum chuck 54 to move down, so as to simultaneously adsorb and grab the four prone products 70 in the positioning tray mechanism 40, and then the lifting module 53 drives the vacuum chuck 54 to move up; the rotating module 52 drives the lifting module 53 and the vacuum chuck 54 to integrally rotate by 90 degrees, so that the four prone products 70 are changed into vertical postures; finally, the transverse moving module 51 further drives the rotating module 52, the lifting module 53 and the vacuum chuck 54 to integrally move close to the tray conveying mechanism 10, so that the four products 70 in the vertical postures are aligned with the clamping grooves in the tray 60; finally, the vacuum cups 54 release the products 70 while the top hold-down assembly 13 presses the products 70 downward, thereby enabling the products 70 to be securely inserted into the tray 60.
The technical features of the embodiments described above may be arbitrarily combined, and for the sake of brevity, all possible combinations of the technical features in the embodiments described above are not described, but should be considered as being within the scope of the present specification as long as there is no contradiction between the combinations of the technical features.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not construed as limiting the scope of the invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent shall be subject to the appended claims.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the invention and to simplify the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are not to be considered limiting of the invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or they may be connected internally or in any other suitable relationship, unless expressly stated otherwise. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may be directly contacting the first and second features or indirectly contacting the first and second features through an intermediate. Also, a first feature "on," "over," and "above" a second feature may be directly or diagonally above the second feature, or may simply indicate that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" or "disposed on" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. The terms "vertical," "horizontal," "upper," "lower," "left," "right," and the like as used herein are for illustrative purposes only and do not denote a unique embodiment.

Claims (10)

1. A palletizer, the palletizer comprising:
the tray conveying mechanism is used for conveying the trays to the boxing station;
the product conveying mechanism is used for conveying products to the boxing station;
the positioning tray mechanism is arranged in the boxing station and is connected and matched with the product conveying mechanism; and
and the boxing execution mechanism is arranged in the boxing station and used for transferring and inserting the products positioned on the positioning tray mechanism into the tray box.
2. A palletiser as claimed in claim 1, wherein the product conveyor mechanism comprises a loading module, a discharge module and a product conveyor line, the discharge module being connected between the loading module and the product conveyor line, the product conveyor line being engaged with the positioning tray mechanism, the product conveyor mechanism further comprising a labelling module, the labelling module being disposed on one side of the product conveyor line.
3. A palletizer as in claim 2, wherein the positioning tray mechanism comprises a tray conveying line, a clamping assembly and a positioning tray, the clamping assembly is disposed on the tray conveying line, the positioning tray is clamped and fixed with the clamping assembly, and a positioning groove is concavely disposed on the positioning tray.
4. A palletizer as in claim 3, wherein the clamping assembly comprises a first clamping block and a second clamping block, the first clamping block and the second clamping block are respectively arranged at the left and right sides of the tray conveying line and respectively abut against the left and right outer side walls of the positioning tray.
5. The palletizer according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the palletizing conveyor mechanism comprises a palletizing conveyor line, a bottom adsorption component, a top pressing component and a first material blocking component, the bottom adsorption component is arranged at the bottom of the palletizing conveyor line, the top pressing component is arranged at the top of the palletizing conveyor line and is vertically opposite to the bottom adsorption component, and the first material blocking component is arranged at an outlet end of the palletizing conveyor line.
6. A tray entering machine according to claim 5, wherein the tray conveying line is provided with a through groove which is longitudinally penetrated through, the bottom adsorption component comprises an adsorption lifting driving piece and a suction head which is in driving connection with the adsorption lifting driving piece, the suction head can penetrate through the through groove to adsorb and fix the bottom of the tray, the bottom wall of the through groove is provided with a positioning step, and the suction head can be clamped and positioned with the positioning step.
7. A palleting machine as claimed in claim 5, wherein said top depressing assembly includes a depressing elevating drive member and a pressing plate drivingly connected to said depressing elevating drive member, said pressing plate being adapted to press the lower end of said product into a slot of said pallet for fixation, said top depressing assembly further including a pressure sensor connected between said pressing plate and a drive shaft of said depressing elevating drive member.
8. A palletizing machine according to claim 5, wherein the first material blocking assembly comprises a first material blocking driving member and a first material blocking plate in driving connection with the first material blocking driving member, the first material blocking plate can enter or move out of a conveying channel of the pallet conveying line, the pallet conveying mechanism further comprises a second material blocking assembly, the second material blocking assembly is arranged at an inlet end of the pallet conveying line, the inlet end is located at the upstream of the boxing station, the second material blocking assembly comprises a material blocking support, a second material blocking driving member arranged on the material blocking support and a second material blocking plate in driving connection with the second material blocking driving member, and the second material blocking plate can enter or move out of the conveying channel of the pallet conveying line.
9. A palletizing machine as in claim 8, wherein the second material blocking assembly further comprises a flexible pressing block, and the flexible pressing block is arranged on the second material blocking plate and can be flexibly pressed on the palletizing box.
10. A palletizer as in claim 1, wherein the cartoning actuator comprises a traverse module, a rotation module, a lifting module and a vacuum chuck, the rotation module being disposed on the traverse module, the lifting module being disposed on the rotation module, the vacuum chuck being connected to the lifting module.
CN202010915375.6A 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 Support machine Pending CN111891442A (en)

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Citations (8)

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CN102126630A (en) * 2010-12-29 2011-07-20 常州亿晶光电科技有限公司 Silicon chip image positioning and correcting device of full-automatic printer
CN102390571A (en) * 2011-05-24 2012-03-28 刘丙炎 Ampoule labeling and tray-loading machine
CN105109740A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-02 南通恒力医药设备有限公司 Electronic counting, putting and supporting device for materials
CN107521782A (en) * 2017-09-28 2017-12-29 佛山市松川机械设备有限公司 One kind dress support technique
CN207566298U (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-07-03 武汉帝尔激光科技股份有限公司 A kind of conveying and positioning device and the anti-light equipment loading and unloading system that declines of solar battery sheet
CN207862188U (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-09-14 定州市顺华玻璃制品有限公司 A kind of glass conveying absorption detent mechanism
CN110304301A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-08 广州市赛康尼机械设备有限公司 Product is started going to a nursery mounted box production line
CN210284752U (en) * 2019-07-22 2020-04-10 广州市赛康尼机械设备有限公司 Product entering supporting and box packing production line

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102126630A (en) * 2010-12-29 2011-07-20 常州亿晶光电科技有限公司 Silicon chip image positioning and correcting device of full-automatic printer
CN102390571A (en) * 2011-05-24 2012-03-28 刘丙炎 Ampoule labeling and tray-loading machine
CN105109740A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-02 南通恒力医药设备有限公司 Electronic counting, putting and supporting device for materials
CN107521782A (en) * 2017-09-28 2017-12-29 佛山市松川机械设备有限公司 One kind dress support technique
CN207566298U (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-07-03 武汉帝尔激光科技股份有限公司 A kind of conveying and positioning device and the anti-light equipment loading and unloading system that declines of solar battery sheet
CN207862188U (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-09-14 定州市顺华玻璃制品有限公司 A kind of glass conveying absorption detent mechanism
CN110304301A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-08 广州市赛康尼机械设备有限公司 Product is started going to a nursery mounted box production line
CN210284752U (en) * 2019-07-22 2020-04-10 广州市赛康尼机械设备有限公司 Product entering supporting and box packing production line

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