CN111872055A - Dry-wet separation processor for kitchen garbage - Google Patents

Dry-wet separation processor for kitchen garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111872055A
CN111872055A CN202010776688.8A CN202010776688A CN111872055A CN 111872055 A CN111872055 A CN 111872055A CN 202010776688 A CN202010776688 A CN 202010776688A CN 111872055 A CN111872055 A CN 111872055A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
crushing
transmission shaft
cylinder
transmission
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010776688.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Anhui Fengniancheng Electromechanical Design Service Co ltd
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Anhui Fengniancheng Electromechanical Design Service Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010776688.8A priority Critical patent/CN111872055A/en
Publication of CN111872055A publication Critical patent/CN111872055A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • B02C13/06Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • B02C13/2804Shape or construction of beater elements the beater elements being rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/30Driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/20Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using rotary pressing members, other than worms or screws, e.g. rollers, rings, discs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/26Permeable casings or strainers
    • B30B9/262Permeable casings or strainers means disposed in the casing facilitating the squeezing-out of liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B2101/00Type of solid waste
    • B09B2101/02Gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans or cooling systems of refrigerators

Abstract

The invention provides a kitchen waste dry-wet separation processor which comprises a feeding device, a separating device, a crushing device, a power device and a fixing frame, wherein the feeding device is positioned above the separating device, the crushing device and the power device are positioned below the separating device, the output end of the feeding device is connected and communicated with the input end of the separating device, the output end of the separating device is connected and communicated with the input end of the crushing device, the feeding device is used for crushing kitchen waste and quantitatively adding the crushed kitchen waste into the separating device, the separating device is used for continuously impacting and compressing the crushed kitchen waste and forming liquid waste and solid waste in a hard plate shape, the liquid waste is directly discharged into a sewer, the solid garbage is discharged into the crushing device, the crushing device is used for crushing the fixed garbage and discharging the fixed garbage outwards, and the power device is used for providing driving power for the separating device and the crushing device.

Description

Dry-wet separation processor for kitchen garbage
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of kitchen waste treatment, in particular to a dry-wet separation processor for kitchen waste.
Background
At present, with the progress of society, garbage classification is gradually popularized and popularized by various countries, however, due to the limitation of living habits and garbage classification consciousness of people, the work of garbage classification is always in a starting stage. Especially, kitchen garbage in a kitchen is easy to rot and breed bacteria, so that the health of people is influenced. The existing kitchen waste recycling device is only an ordinary garbage can, a garbage bag is sleeved on the garbage can, kitchen waste is collected and stored through the garbage bag, when the garbage bag is full, the kitchen waste recycling device is discarded into a garbage can of a residential area waste concentration point, and finally unified treatment is carried out by management personnel. The pressure type kitchen waste dry-wet separation processor has the advantages that the kitchen waste is various, the types of the kitchen waste comprise vegetable leaves, fruit peels, leftovers and the like, and the kitchen waste is high in water content, easy to rot and foul, capable of breeding bacteria and capable of polluting the environment and endangering the health of people, so that the dry-wet separation of the kitchen waste is particularly important, and the pressure type kitchen waste dry-wet separation processor is novel and ingenious in structure, simple in principle and high in automation degree and can be used for performing dry-wet separation on the kitchen waste.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide a pressing type kitchen waste dry-wet separation processor which is novel and ingenious in structure, simple in principle and high in automation degree and can perform dry-wet separation on kitchen waste, and aims to solve the technical problem that a common kitchen waste collection device in the prior art cannot perform dry-wet separation on the kitchen waste.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows.
The kitchen waste dry-wet separation processor comprises a feeding device, a separating device, a crushing device, a power device and a fixing frame, wherein the feeding device, the separating device, the crushing device and the power device are fixedly arranged on the fixing frame, the feeding device is positioned above the separating device, the crushing device and the power device are positioned below the separating device, the output end of the feeding device is connected and communicated with the input end of the separating device, the output end of the separating device is connected and communicated with the input end of the crushing device, the feeding device is used for crushing kitchen waste and quantitatively adding the crushed kitchen waste into the separating device, the separating device is used for continuously impacting and compressing the crushed kitchen waste and forming liquid waste and hard plate-shaped solid waste, the liquid waste is directly discharged into a sewer, and the solid waste is discharged into the crushing device, the crushing device is used for crushing the fixed garbage and discharging the fixed garbage outwards, and the power device is used for providing driving power for the separation device and the crushing device.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The feeding device comprises a feeding cylinder which is axially and horizontally arranged, one end of the feeding cylinder is sealed and arranged, the other end of the feeding cylinder is opened and arranged, a sealing cover which is matched with the feeding cylinder in a sealing way is fixedly arranged at the opening, a circular feeding hole and a circular discharging hole which are communicated with the feeding cylinder and are axially and vertically arranged are arranged on the feeding cylinder, the feeding hole is positioned at the top of the feeding cylinder, the discharging hole is positioned at the bottom of the feeding cylinder, the feeding hole and the discharging hole are vertically and symmetrically arranged, a vertically arranged funnel is communicated with the feeding hole, the discharging hole is communicated with the input end of the separating device in a butt joint way, a circular inner cylinder which is matched with the feeding cylinder is coaxially arranged in the feeding cylinder, the outer circular surface of the inner cylinder and the inner circular surface of the feeding cylinder form rotary type sealing connection and matching, a quantitative groove of the cylinder is radially formed on, the four quantitative grooves are arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder, one of the quantitative grooves is aligned with the feed inlet and the other quantitative groove is in butt joint with the discharge outlet in an initial state;
the coaxial fixed drive shaft that is provided with on the inner tube, the drive shaft activity extends to the blind end outside of charging barrel, and charging barrel outside fixed mounting has step motor and step motor's output shaft axial to be on a parallel with the axial of drive shaft, is provided with the belt drive subassembly one that is used for connecting both between the drive end of step motor output shaft and drive shaft, and belt drive subassembly one can be with on the step motor output shaft power transmission to the drive shaft and drive the drive shaft and rotate.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the kitchen garbage separating device has the advantages that the structure is novel and ingenious, the principle is simple, firstly, the kitchen garbage is crushed, and then the processed garbage is continuously impacted and compressed, so that the fixed garbage and the liquid garbage in the kitchen garbage are fully separated, and the dry-wet separation effect is good;
2. the fixed garbage is discharged to the crushing device for crushing treatment, so that the fixed garbage is convenient to reuse, the liquid garbage is directly discharged to a sewer, the discharging is convenient and fast, and the automation degree is high;
3. compact structure, rationally distributed, the space that occupies is little, and is with low costs, can promote the popularization and reach thousands of households.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the charging device.
Fig. 3 is an exploded view of the charging device.
Fig. 4 is a partial structural schematic view of the charging device.
Fig. 5 is a partial structural schematic view of the charging device.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the shredder mechanism.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the shredder mechanism.
Fig. 8 is a view showing the combination of the charging device and the separating device.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the separation device.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the compression mechanism.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the compression mechanism.
Fig. 12 is an exploded view of the vibrating member and the main shaft.
Fig. 13 is an exploded view of the vibrating member.
Fig. 14 is a view showing the engagement of the vibration pressing member with the bottom plate and the top plate.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the chassis.
Fig. 16 is a cross-sectional view of the chassis.
Fig. 17 is a matching view of the chassis and the downcomer.
FIG. 18 is a schematic view of the structure of the discharge opening.
FIG. 19 is a view showing the combination of the discharge opening and the scraper.
Fig. 20 is a schematic view of the structure of the squeegee.
Fig. 21 is a view showing the combination of the discharge opening and the conveying mechanism.
Fig. 22 is a schematic structural view of the conveying mechanism.
Fig. 23 is a view showing the engagement of the elevation driving mechanism with the vibration pressing member.
Fig. 24 is a view showing the engagement of the lever with the vibration pressing member.
Fig. 25 is a partial schematic structural view of the elevation drive mechanism.
Fig. 26 is a view showing the combination of the conveyor mechanism and the crushing apparatus.
Fig. 27 is a schematic view of the structure of the crushing apparatus.
Fig. 28 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the crushing apparatus.
FIG. 29 is an exploded view of the helical blade and crushing roller.
Fig. 30 is a view of the rotating plate in cooperation with the reversing drive assembly.
Fig. 31 is a schematic structural view of the occlusion mechanism.
Fig. 32 is a schematic structural view of the occlusion mechanism.
Fig. 33 is a schematic structural view of the power unit.
FIG. 34 is a schematic view of the primary motor in combination with the primary drive mechanism.
Fig. 35 is a matching view of the first transmission mechanism and the second transmission mechanism.
Fig. 36 is a matching view of the first transmission mechanism and the third transmission mechanism.
Fig. 37 is a matching view of the main shaft and the transmission mechanism iv.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1 to 37, the kitchen waste dry-wet separation processor includes a feeding device 100, a separating device 200, a crushing device 300, a power device 400 and a fixing frame, wherein the feeding device 100, the separating device 200, the crushing device 300 and the power device 400 are all fixedly mounted on the fixing frame, the feeding device 100 is located above the separating device 200, the crushing device 300 and the power device 400 are located below the separating device 200, an output end of the feeding device 100 is connected and communicated with an input end of the separating device 200, an output end of the separating device 200 is connected and communicated with an input end of the crushing device 300, the feeding device 100 is used for crushing kitchen waste and quantitatively adding the crushed kitchen waste into the separating device 200, the separating device 200 is used for continuously impacting and compressing the crushed kitchen waste and forming liquid waste and solid waste in hard plate shape, the liquid garbage is directly discharged into a sewer, the solid garbage is discharged into the crushing device 300, the crushing device 300 is used for crushing the fixed garbage and discharging the fixed garbage outwards, and the power device 400 is used for providing driving power for the separation device 200 and the crushing device 300.
The process of separating the kitchen waste into dry and wet garbage comprises the steps of putting the kitchen waste into a feeding device 100, crushing the kitchen waste by the feeding device 100, quantitatively discharging and adding the crushed kitchen waste into a separating device 200, continuously impacting and vibrating the crushed kitchen waste by the separating device 200, compressing the crushed kitchen waste to form liquid garbage and solid garbage in a hard plate shape, directly discharging the liquid garbage from the separating device 200, discharging the solid garbage from the output end of the separating device 200 into a crushing device 300, crushing the solid garbage in the hard plate shape by the crushing device 300, and discharging the crushed solid garbage outwards, and has the advantages of novel and ingenious structure and simple principle, the fixed garbage and the liquid garbage in the kitchen garbage are fully separated, and the dry-wet separation effect is good; fixed rubbish outwards discharges and carries out broken handle in the breaker, the reutilization of the fixed rubbish of being convenient for, and liquid rubbish is direct discharges to the sewer in, it is convenient to arrange the material, and degree of automation is high.
The feeding device 100 comprises a feeding cylinder 101 which is horizontally arranged in the axial direction, one end of the feeding cylinder 101 is sealed and arranged, the other end of the feeding cylinder 101 is opened and arranged, a sealing cover 102 which is hermetically connected and matched with the feeding cylinder 101 is fixedly arranged at the opening, a circular feeding hole 103a and a circular discharging hole 103b which are communicated with the feeding cylinder 101 and are vertically arranged in the axial direction are arranged on the feeding cylinder 101, the feeding hole 103a is positioned at the top of the feeding cylinder 101, the discharging hole 103b is positioned at the bottom of the feeding cylinder 101, the feeding hole 103a and the discharging hole 103b are vertically arranged in an up-and-down symmetrical mode, a vertically arranged hopper 104 is communicated with the feeding hole 103a, the discharging hole 103b is communicated with the input end of the separating device 200 in an abutting mode, a circular inner cylinder 105 which is matched with the feeding cylinder 101 is coaxially arranged in the feeding cylinder 101, the outer circular surface of the inner cylinder 105 and the inner circular, the quantitative grooves 106 are internally provided with four crushing mechanisms 110 for crushing kitchen waste, the quantitative grooves 106 are arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder 105, one quantitative groove 106 is aligned with the feed port 103a and communicated with the discharge port 103b in the initial state, the inner cylinder 105 is driven to rotate around the axial direction, the rotation angle of each rotation is ninety degrees, when the quantitative groove 106 is communicated with the feed port 103a, the kitchen waste is added into the quantitative groove 106 through the hopper 104, and when the quantitative groove 106 is communicated with the discharge port 103b, the kitchen waste in the quantitative groove 106 is discharged into the separating device 200, so that the crushing treatment of the kitchen waste is completed in the process, namely the crushed kitchen waste is discharged into the separating device 200.
Specifically, in order to drive the inner cylinder 105 to rotate step by step, a driving shaft 107 is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the inner cylinder 105, the driving shaft 107 movably extends to the outside of the closed end of the feeding cylinder 101, a stepping motor 108 is fixedly arranged on the outside of the feeding cylinder 101, the axial direction of an output shaft of the stepping motor 108 is parallel to the axial direction of the driving shaft 107, a belt transmission assembly 109 for connecting the output shaft of the stepping motor 108 and the driving end of the driving shaft 107 is arranged between the output shaft of the stepping motor 108 and the driving end of the driving shaft 107, the belt transmission assembly 109 can transmit power on the output shaft of the stepping motor 108 to the driving shaft 107 and drive the driving shaft 107 to rotate, and.
More specifically, the pulverizing mechanism 110 includes a stirring shaft 111 coaxially and rotatably disposed at the bottom of the quantitative trough 106, blades 112 are fixedly disposed on an outer circumferential surface of one end of the stirring shaft 111 near the trough opening of the quantitative trough 106, the blades 112 extend from the stirring shaft 111 to the inner wall of the quantitative trough 116, the blades 112 are disposed in a plurality and are arranged in an array along a circumferential direction of the stirring shaft 111, in order to facilitate synchronous driving of the four stirring shafts 111, an inner cavity 105a axially penetrating through the inner cylinder 105 is disposed at a middle position of the inner cylinder 105, an end cover 105b is fixedly disposed at an opening of the inner cavity 105b, the pulverizing mechanism 110 further includes a pulverizing motor 116 fixedly disposed outside the sealing cover 102, an output shaft of the pulverizing motor 116 movably penetrates into the inner cavity 105a and an output shaft of the pulverizing motor 116 is coaxially disposed with the inner cylinder 105, and a transition shaft 113, the transition shaft 113 is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on a first driving bevel gear 114 positioned in the inner cavity 105a, the driving end of the stirring shaft 111 extends towards the inner cavity 105a and is coaxially and fixedly sleeved with a first driven bevel gear 115 positioned in the inner cavity 105a, the first driving bevel gear 114 is meshed with the four first driven bevel gears 115, the stirring shaft 111 is driven to rotate by the crushing motor 116, and the stirring shaft 111 drives the blades 112 to rotate in the quantitative groove 106, so that the crushing treatment of the kitchen waste is realized.
In the working process of the feeding device 100, a user puts kitchen waste into the hopper 104 at one time, the kitchen waste moves downwards under the action of self gravity and enters the quantitative groove 106 communicated with the feeding hole 103a until the quantitative groove 106 is filled, the crushing motor 116 is driven, the power on the output shaft of the crushing motor 116 is transmitted to the stirring shaft 111 through the transmission of the driving bevel gear I114 and the driven bevel gear I115 by the crushing motor 116, the stirring shaft 111 drives the blade 112 to rotate and the kitchen waste in the quantitative groove 106 is crushed by the blade 112, the stepping motor 108 is started and drives the driving shaft 107 to rotate gradually by ninety degrees around the self axial direction at the same time of crushing, when the quantitative groove 106 filled with the kitchen waste rotates to be aligned with the discharging hole 103b, the crushed kitchen waste in the quantitative groove 106 is poured out and falls into the separating device 200 through the discharging hole 103b, the meaning of this scheme lies in, can realize adding the material to separator 200's full-automatic ration, and it is high, efficient to add the material degree of automation to rubbish from cooking after smashing is favorable to separator 200's striking compression wet-dry separation.
The separation device 200 comprises a compression mechanism 210 in butt joint with the discharge port 103b, a conveying mechanism 220 arranged on the left side of the compression mechanism 210, and a lifting driving mechanism 230 arranged on the right side of the compression mechanism 210, wherein the compression mechanism 210 is used for continuously impacting and compressing the crushed kitchen waste and converting the kitchen waste into liquid waste and hard blocky solid waste, the liquid waste is directly discharged from the bottom of the compression mechanism 210, the solid waste is discharged into the conveying mechanism 220 and conveyed into the crushing device 300 by the conveying mechanism 220, and the lifting driving mechanism 230 is used for providing driving power for the compression mechanism 210 to impact up and down.
Specifically, the compressing mechanism 210 includes a bottom plate 211, a sealing cylinder 213 and a top plate 212, which are coaxially arranged from bottom to top in sequence, the lower end of the sealing cylinder 213 is coaxially and fixedly and hermetically connected with the bottom plate 211, the upper end of the sealing cylinder is coaxially and fixedly and hermetically connected with the top plate 212, the bottom plate 211 is fixedly installed on a fixed frame, a central docking port 212a is formed at the left eccentric position of the top plate 212, the docking port 212a is aligned and communicated with the discharge port 103b, and the top plate 212 is used for supporting the feeding device 100, a vibration member 214 adapted to the sealing cylinder 213 and capable of sliding up and down is coaxially arranged in the sealing cylinder 213, a compression area is formed between the vibration member 214 and the top plate 212, the kitchen waste is continuously impacted and compressed in the compression area, the vibration member 214 includes a solid rotating cylinder 214a coaxially arranged in the sealing cylinder 213, the upper end and the lower end of the rotating cylinder 214a respectively penetrate through the top plate 212 and the bottom plate, the rotary cylinder 214a and the top disc 212, the rotary cylinder 214a and the bottom disc 211 are in rotary sealing connection and matching, the rotary cylinder 214a can slide up and down along the top disc 212 and the bottom disc 211, the upper end of the rotary cylinder 214a is coaxially and fixedly provided with an upright post 214d, the upright post 214d can receive lifting drive of the lifting drive mechanism 230, the lower end of the rotary cylinder 214a is coaxially provided with a main shaft 215 which is in rotary connection and matching with the fixed frame, the rotary cylinder 214a is sleeved at the upper end of the main shaft 215 and is in spline connection and matching with the upper end and the lower end of the main shaft 215, the rotary cylinder 214a can slide up and down along the main shaft 215, the lower end of the main shaft 215 is connected with the power device 400 and can receive drive rotation of the power device 400, a circular tray 214b is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on an outer circular surface of the rotary cylinder 214a at the middle, the upper end face of the supporting plate 214b is coaxially embedded with a circular steel filter screen 214c, the diameters of the two are equal, the outer circular face of the supporting plate 214b and the inner circular face of the sealing cylinder 213 form rotary sealing connection and matching, the supporting plate 214b can slide up and down along the sealing cylinder 213, the compression area is formed between the filter screen 214c and the top plate 212, the crushed kitchen waste is added into the compression area, the vertical column 214d is driven by the lifting driving mechanism 230 to move up and down, the supporting plate 214b and the filter screen 214c are driven to move up and down, the kitchen waste is impacted, vibrated and compressed between the filter screen 214c and the top plate 212, the kitchen waste is converted into liquid waste and solid waste, the liquid waste enters the filter holes, and the solid waste is retained on the upper end face of the filter screen 214 c.
More specifically, in order to collect and discharge the liquid waste formed after compression, the upper end surface of the base plate 211 is provided with an annular water storage tank 211a, the outer side wall of the water storage tank 211 along the radial direction is provided with a first slope surface 211b, the inner side wall of the water storage tank 211 along the radial direction is provided with a second slope surface 211c, the distance between the first slope surface 211b and the second slope surface 211c is gradually increased from bottom to top along the vertical direction, the upper end of the first slope surface 211b extends to be close to the outer edge of the base plate 211, the upper end of the second slope surface 211c extends to be close to the inner edge of the base plate 211, the lower end surface of the base plate 211 is coaxially and fixedly provided with a downward-protruding annular groove 216a, an annular cover 216b which is in sealing connection and matching with the annular groove 216a is fixedly arranged at the notch of the annular groove 216a, and a sewer pipe 216c which is connected, a plurality of lower water holes 211d for communicating the water storage tank 211a and the annular groove 216a are arranged between the bottom of the water storage tank 211a and the bottom of the annular groove 216a, the lower water holes 211d are arranged vertically in the axial direction of the lower water holes 211d and are arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the water storage tank 211a, liquid garbage formed by compressing kitchen garbage falls into the water storage tank 211a through the filter holes, flows into the annular groove 216a from the water storage tank 211a through the lower water holes 211d, and is discharged into a sewer through the lower water pipe 216 c.
More specifically, in order to discharge the solid waste formed after compression to the compression area, the top plate 212 is provided with a slit-shaped insertion port 212b which penetrates through the top plate in an up-and-down manner, the insertion port 212b extends from the inner circular surface of the top plate 212 to the outer circular surface, the right side of the sealing cylinder 213 is provided with a rectangular discharge port 213a which is connected with the compression area and is obliquely arranged downwards, the insertion port 212b is aligned with one side of the discharge port 213a along the counterclockwise direction, the distance between the insertion port 212b and the top plate 212 in the radial direction is gradually increased along the opening direction of the discharge port 213a, a rectangular scraper 217 which can slide up and down is inserted into the insertion port 212b, the lower end of the scraper 217 is always abutted against the filter screen 214c, one end of the scraper 217 is contacted with the outer circular surface of the rotary cylinder 214a, the other end of the scraper is contacted with one side of the discharge port 213a along the counterclockwise direction, in order to float the scraper 217, the upper end of the top plate 212 is provided with vertical bolts 218a, the bolts 218a are in threaded connection and matching with the top plate 212, the bolts 218a are provided with four bolts, two bolts are positioned on one side of the scraper 217, the other two bolts are positioned on the other side of the scraper 217, a floating sleeve 218b capable of moving up and down is movably sleeved on the bolts 218a, a floating spring 218c is movably sleeved outside the bolts 218a, the elastic force of the floating spring 218c always points to the floating sleeve 218b from the top of the bolt 218a, namely, the floating sleeve 218b is driven to move downwards by the elastic force of the floating spring 218c, the floating rods 219 fixedly connected with the corresponding floating sleeves 218b are arranged between the two bolts 218a which are opposite to and opposite to the bolts 218a on the opposite side of the scraper 217 one by one, the top of the scraper 217 is fixedly sleeved on the floating rods 219, the solid waste is scraped off the screen 214c by the scraper 217 which is always in close contact with the screen 214c and is guided to the discharge opening 213a to be discharged onto the conveying mechanism 220.
In the working process of the compression mechanism 210, the feeding device 100 discharges the crushed kitchen waste into the compression area through the butt joint 212a, the power device 400 drives the main shaft 215 to slowly rotate anticlockwise, the kitchen waste is staggered with the butt joint 212a, meanwhile, the lifting driving mechanism 230 drives the upright post 214d to reciprocate up and down to drive the support plate 214b and the filter screen 214c to move up and down, the kitchen waste is impacted, vibrated and compressed between the filter screen 214c and the top plate 212, the kitchen waste is converted into liquid waste and solid waste, the liquid waste falls into the water storage tank 211a through the filter holes, flows into the annular groove 216a from the water storage tank 211a through the water drain holes 211d, and then is discharged into a sewer through the sewer pipe 216c, the solid waste is tightly attached to the upper end face of the filter screen 214c, when the solid waste is slowly rotated along with the filter screen 214c and contacts with the scraper 217 anticlockwise, the scraper 217 scrapes the solid waste off the screen 214c and guides the solid waste to the discharge opening 213a to be discharged onto the conveying mechanism 220.
In order to convey the solid waste into the crusher 300, the conveying mechanism 220 includes a rectangular vertical outer plate 221 and a rectangular vertical inner plate 222 fixedly connected to the fixing frame, the length direction of the outer plate 221 and the length direction of the inner plate 222 are arranged along the front-rear direction, the width direction is vertically arranged, the outer plate 221 is located at the right side of the sealing cylinder 213, the inner plate 222 is located below the sealing cylinder 213, the discharge port 213a extends to a position between the outer plate 221 and the inner plate 222, a vertical partition plate is arranged between the outer plate 221 and the inner plate 222 and near the rear end, the partition plate is arranged along the left-right direction, a vertical inclined baffle 223 is arranged between the outer plate 221 and the inner plate 222 and near the front end, the distance between the baffle 222 and the baffle is free to gradually increase rightward, a downward inclined hopper 224 is arranged on the right end surface of the outer plate 221, and the inclined hopper 224 is arranged along the inclination angle of the, the inclined hopper 224 penetrates through the outer plate 221, a driving roller 226 and a driven roller 227 are rotatably arranged between the outer plate 221 and the inner plate 222, the axial directions of the driving roller 226 and the driven roller 227 are parallel to the distance direction between the outer plate 221 and the inner plate 222, the driving roller 226 is positioned below the baffle 223, the driven roller 225 is positioned below the baffle, a conveyer belt 227 is arranged between the driving roller 226 and the driven roller 225 in a winding manner, the width of the conveyer belt 227 is equal to the distance between the outer plate 221 and the inner plate 222, the upper belt surface of the conveyer belt 227 is flush with the inclined upper end of the inclined hopper 224, the inclined lower end of the inclined hopper 224 is communicated with the crushing device 400, the bottoms of the baffle and the baffle are in contact with the upper belt surface of the conveyer belt 227, solid garbage discharged from the discharge port 213a falls onto the conveyer belt 227, the driving roller 226 is driven by the power device 400 to rotate, so that, the solid waste is conveyed forward until the solid waste contacts the baffle 223, and under the guiding action of the baffle 223, the solid waste enters the inclined hopper 224 and falls into the crushing device 300 under the guiding action of the inclined hopper 224.
In order to drive the upright post 214d to reciprocate up and down, the lifting driving mechanism 230 includes a snap ring 231 coaxially and movably sleeved on the upright post 214d, an upwardly bent lug 231a is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the snap ring 231, the lug 231a is provided with two lugs which are symmetrically arranged back and forth along the axial direction parallel to the snap ring 231, a protruding shaft 231b is fixedly penetrated on the lug 231a, the axial direction of the protruding shaft 231b is arranged along the front and back direction, a limit ring 232 is fixedly sleeved on the outer circumferential surface of the top of the upright post 214d, a floating spring 233 is movably sleeved on the upright post 214d, one end of the floating spring 233 is abutted against the limit ring 232, the other end of the floating spring is abutted against the snap ring 231, the elastic force of the floating spring 233 is always directed to the snap ring 232 by the limit ring 232, the lifting driving mechanism 230 further includes two levers 234 which are symmetrically arranged back and forth, the lever 234 is positioned below the crushing motor 116, the middle position of the The axial direction of a rotating shaft formed at the movable connection part is parallel to the axial direction of the feeding cylinder 101, the middle position of a lever 234 positioned at the rear part is in rotating connection and matching with the closed end of the feeding cylinder 101, the axial direction of the rotating shaft formed at the rotary connection part of the lever 234 and the feeding cylinder 101 is parallel to the axial direction of the feeding cylinder 101, a through flat groove 234a is formed at the right end of the lever 234, the lever 234 corresponds to the protruding shaft 231b one by one, the flat groove 234a is movably sleeved on the protruding shaft 231b, a connecting rod 234b is fixedly arranged at the right end of the two levers 234, the axial direction of the connecting rod 234b is arranged along the distance direction of the two levers 234, the protruding shaft 231b is driven to reciprocate up and down by driving the connecting rod 234b, and accordingly the vertical reciprocating motion of the upright column 214d is driven to be flexible, and the buffer spring.
Specifically, the lifting driving mechanism 230 further includes a crankshaft 235 disposed below the connecting rod 234b and axially parallel to the axial direction of the connecting rod 234b, the crankshaft 235 includes an eccentric section 235b located in the middle and concentric sections 235a located at two ends of the eccentric section 235b, the concentric sections 235a are rotatably disposed on the fixing frame, and a flywheel 236 is coaxially fixedly sleeved on one end of the concentric section 235a away from the eccentric section 235b, a strip-shaped connecting plate 237 is disposed between the eccentric section 235b and the connecting rod 234b, one end of the connecting plate 237 is rotatably sleeved on the connecting rod 234b, the other end of the connecting plate 237 is rotatably sleeved on the eccentric section 235b, two connecting plates 237 are disposed in parallel, the crankshaft 235 is driven to rotate by the power device 400, and the connecting plate 237 drives the lever 234 to continuously move up and down, so as to drive the upright post.
In the working process of the lifting driving mechanism 230, the power device 400 drives the crankshaft 235 to rotate, the crankshaft 235 drives the flywheel 236 to rotate and accumulate rotational potential energy, the crankshaft 235 drives the connecting plate 237 to rock, the connecting plate 237 drives the connecting rod 234b to continuously move up and down, the lever 234 drives the rotating snap ring 231 to reciprocate up and down, and the upright 214d reciprocates up and down under the flexible transmission of the buffer spring 233 to drive the compression mechanism 210.
The crushing device 300 comprises a horizontal crushing cylinder 301 with two closed ends, a feeding channel 301a arranged vertically and upwards is communicated with the top of the outer circular surface of the crushing cylinder 301 close to the right end, the upper end of the feeding channel 301a is communicated with an inclined hopper 224, a rectangular opening 301c is formed in the bottom of the outer circular surface of the crushing cylinder 301 close to the left end, a discharging channel 301b fixedly connected with a fixed frame is arranged below the opening 301c, the discharging channel 301b is of a forward inclined hopper-shaped structure, the discharging channel 301b is positioned right below the opening 301c and can guide and discharge solid garbage discharged from the opening 301c, in order to convey the solid garbage towards the opening 301c and complete crushing in the conveying process, a circular rotating plate 302 is coaxially and rotatably arranged in the crushing cylinder 301, the outer circular surface of the rotating plate 302 is rotatably connected and matched with the inner circular surface of the crushing cylinder 301, the rotating plate 302 is provided with two and is located two tip positions of broken section of thick bamboo 301 respectively, be provided with the helical blade 303 of fixed connection both between two rotating plates 302 and the helical blade 303 is close to the edge setting of rotating plate 302, helical blade 303 sets up in a plurality ofly and arranges along the circumferencial direction array that rotating plate 302 is located, helical blade 303 includes the spiral section 303b that extends to uncovered 301c department by broken section of thick bamboo 301 right-hand member, with the straight section 301a of uncovered 301c department alignment, through the high-speed rotation of drive rotating plate 302, make helical blade 303 accomplish the transport to solid rubbish and smash the solid rubbish in the in-process of carrying.
Specifically, in order to improve the efficiency of smashing solid waste, two rotating plates 302 are close to one end face and are coaxially rotated and provided with circular mounting plate 304, the diameter of mounting plate 304 is less than the diameter of rotating plate 302, the edge that is fixedly provided with the crushing roller 305 that connects both between two mounting plates 304 and crushing roller 305 is close to mounting plate 304 sets up, the length direction of crushing roller 305 is parallel to the axial of crushing barrel 301 and crushing barrel 305 is located the inboard of helical blade 303, crushing roller 305 is provided with a plurality ofly and arranges along the circumferencial direction array that mounting plate 304 is located, through the high-speed rotation of drive mounting plate 304, make crushing roller 305 smash the processing to solid waste.
More specifically, in order to further improve the efficiency of crushing solid waste, a hollow shaft 306 is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the rotating plate 302 at the left end of the crushing cylinder 301, the hollow shaft 306 extends from the left end of the crushing cylinder 301 to the outside, a solid shaft 307 is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the mounting plate 304 at the left end of the crushing cylinder 301, the solid shaft 307 penetrates through the hollow shaft 306 and extends to the outside of the left end of the crushing cylinder 301, the solid shaft 307 can be driven by the power device 400, a reversing transmission assembly for connecting the solid shaft 307 and the hollow shaft 306 is arranged between the solid shaft 307 and the hollow shaft 306, a boss 301d is coaxially and fixedly arranged at the left end of the crushing cylinder 301, the reversing transmission assembly is arranged in the boss 301d, the reversing transmission assembly comprises a driving bevel gear pair 308a coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the solid shaft 307, a driven bevel gear pair 308b coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the hollow shaft 306, and a reversing bevel gear 309 rotatably arranged between the driving bevel gear pair 308a, the axial direction of the reversing bevel gear 309 is arranged along the radial direction of the crushing barrel 301, the reversing bevel gear 309 is in rotating connection and matching with the inner wall of the convex barrel 301d, the reversing bevel gears 309 are arranged in a vertically symmetrical mode, the reversing bevel gears 309 are meshed with the driving bevel gear II 308a and the driven bevel gear II 308b, and the hollow shaft 306 and the solid shaft 307 can be driven to rotate in opposite directions through the matching of the power device 400 and the reversing transmission assembly, so that the rotating directions of the helical blades 303 and the crushing rollers 305 are opposite, and the crushing treatment of the helical blades 303 and the crushing rollers 305 on the solid garbage is facilitated.
More specifically, the crushing device 300 further comprises a blocking mechanism 310 for controlling the opening and closing of the opening 301c, the blocking mechanism 310 comprises a blocking barrel 311 coaxially rotatably sleeved outside the crushing barrel 301, an inner circular surface of the blocking barrel 311 is in sealed rotary connection and matching with an outer circular surface of the crushing barrel 301, the blocking barrel 311 corresponds to the opening 301c, an opening 312 matched with the opening 301c is formed in an outer circular surface of the blocking barrel 311, when the opening 312 is aligned with the opening 301c, the opening 301c is opened, when the opening 312 is completely staggered with the opening 301c, the opening 301c is closed, in order to drive the blocking barrel 311 to rotate, the blocking mechanism 310 further comprises an opening and closing motor 313 fixedly arranged on the fixed frame, the opening and closing motor 313 is positioned outside the blocking barrel 311, an output shaft of the opening and closing motor 313 is axially parallel to the axial direction of the blocking barrel 311, an active spur gear 314 is coaxially fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of the opening and closing motor 313, the outer circular surface of the blocking cylinder 311 is coaxially and fixedly sleeved with a driven gear ring 315, the driving spur gear 314 is meshed with the driven gear ring 315, the opening and closing motor 313 is used for driving the blocking cylinder 311 to rotate, the opening and closing of the opening 301c are controlled, and when the opening 301c is closed, solid garbage can be continuously crushed in the crushing cylinder 301.
During the operation of the crushing device 300, the solid garbage discharged to the hard block by the conveying mechanism 220 falls into the right end of the crushing cylinder 301 through the discharging channel 301a, the hollow shaft 306 and the solid shaft 307 are driven to rotate in opposite directions by the power device 400 in cooperation with the reversing transmission assembly, so that the helical blades 303 and the crushing rollers 305 rotate in opposite directions, the solid garbage is conveyed from the right end of the crushing cylinder 301 to the left end by the rotation of the helical blades 303, in the conveying process, the helical blade 303 cooperates with the crushing roller 305 to stir and crush the solid waste until the solid waste is conveyed to the opening 301c, the opening and closing motor 313 is started to rotate the blocking cylinder 311, the opening 312 is aligned with the opening 301c, the opening 301c is opened, and the crushed solid waste is discharged into the discharge channel 301b from the opening 301c and is discharged outwards under the guiding action of the discharge channel 301 b.
The power device 400 comprises a main motor 410, a first transmission mechanism 420, a second transmission mechanism 430, a third transmission mechanism 440 and a fourth transmission mechanism 450, wherein the main motor 410 is fixedly connected with a fixed frame and is positioned right below the flywheel 236, the axial direction of an output shaft of the main motor 410 is parallel to the axial direction of the crankshaft 235, the first transmission mechanism 420 comprises a first transmission shaft 421 rotatably arranged on the fixed frame, the axial direction of the first transmission shaft 421 is parallel to the axial direction of the crankshaft 235, the first transmission shaft 421 is positioned between the main motor 410 and the crankshaft 235, a second belt transmission assembly 422 for connecting the output shaft of the main motor 410 and the driving end of the first transmission shaft 421 is arranged between the output shaft of the main motor 410 and the driving end of the first transmission shaft 421, the second belt transmission assembly 422 can transmit the power of the main motor 410 to the first transmission shaft 421 and drive the first transmission shaft 421 to rotate, a third belt transmission assembly 423 is arranged between the first transmission shaft 421 and the concentric section 235a of, the belt transmission assembly three 423 can transmit the power on the transmission shaft one 421 to the crankshaft 235 and drive the driving shaft 235 to rotate, the transmission mechanism two 430 is used for transmitting the power on the transmission shaft one 421 to the main shaft 215 and drive the main shaft 215 to rotate, the transmission mechanism three 440 is used for transmitting the power on the transmission shaft one 421 to the driving roller 226 and drive the driving roller 226 to rotate, and the transmission mechanism four 450 is used for transmitting the power on the main shaft 215 to the solid shaft 307 and drive the solid shaft 307 to rotate.
Specifically, the second transmission mechanism 430 comprises a second transmission shaft 431 arranged above the middle position of the first transmission shaft 421 along the axial direction, the second transmission shaft 431 is matched with the fixed frame in a rotating connection mode, a first bevel gear transmission component 432 used for connecting the first transmission shaft 431 and the first transmission shaft 421 is arranged between the driving end of the second transmission shaft 431 and the first transmission shaft 421, the first bevel gear transmission component 432 can transmit power on the first transmission shaft 421 to the second transmission shaft 431 and drive the second transmission shaft 431 to rotate, a fourth belt transmission component 433 used for connecting the second transmission shaft 431 and the driving end of the main shaft 215 is arranged between the output end of the second transmission shaft 431 and the driving end of the main shaft 215, the fourth belt transmission component 433 can transmit power on the second transmission shaft 431 to the main shaft 215 and drive the main shaft 215 to rotate, and the.
Specifically, the transmission mechanism three 440 includes a transmission shaft three 441 and a transmission shaft four 442 rotatably disposed on the fixed frame, the transmission shaft three 441 and the transmission shaft four 441 are both located below the driving roller 226, the axial direction of the transmission shaft four 442 is parallel to the axial direction of the driving roller 226, the transmission shaft three 441 is parallel to the axial direction of the transmission shaft one 421, a belt transmission assembly five 443 for connecting the transmission shaft three 441 and the transmission shaft one 421 is disposed between the driving end of the transmission shaft three 441 and the output end of the transmission shaft one 421, the belt transmission assembly five 443 can transmit the power on the transmission shaft one 421 to the transmission shaft three 441 and drive the transmission shaft three 441 to rotate, a bevel gear transmission assembly two 444 for connecting the transmission shaft three 441 and the driving end of the transmission shaft four 442 is disposed between the output end of the transmission shaft three 441 and the driving end of the transmission shaft four 442, the bevel gear transmission assembly, a belt transmission assembly six 445 for connecting the output end of the transmission shaft four 442 and the driving end of the driving roller 226 is arranged between the output end of the transmission shaft four 442 and the driving end of the driving roller 226, the belt transmission assembly six 445 can transmit power on the transmission shaft four 442 to the driving roller 226 and drive the driving roller 226 to rotate, and the driving of the driving roller 226 can be realized through transmission of the transmission mechanism three 440.
Specifically, the transmission mechanism four 450 comprises a transmission shaft five 451 which is rotatably arranged on the fixed frame and is vertically arranged along the axis, the transmission shaft five 451 is positioned between the transmission shaft one 421 and the main shaft 215, the transmission shaft five 451 is aligned with the solid shaft 307, a belt transmission assembly seven 452 for connecting the transmission shaft five 451 and the main shaft 215 is arranged between the upper end of the transmission shaft five 451 and the main shaft 215, the belt transmission assembly seven 452 can transmit the power on the main shaft 215 to the transmission shaft five 451 and drive the transmission shaft five 451 to rotate, a bevel gear transmission assembly three 453 for connecting the transmission shaft five 451 and the solid shaft 307 is arranged between the lower end of the transmission shaft five 451 and the driving end of the solid shaft 307, the bevel gear transmission assembly three 453 can transmit the power on the transmission shaft five 451 to the solid shaft 307 and drive the solid shaft 307 to rotate, and the driving of the crushing device 300.

Claims (10)

1. Kitchen garbage is wet separation treater futilely, its characterized in that: the kitchen garbage separating device comprises a feeding device, a separating device, a crushing device, a power device and a fixing frame, wherein the feeding device, the separating device, the crushing device and the power device are fixedly arranged on the fixing frame, the feeding device is positioned above the separating device, the crushing device and the power device are positioned below the separating device, the output end of the feeding device is connected and communicated with the input end of the separating device, the output end of the separating device is connected and communicated with the input end of the crushing device, the feeding device is used for crushing kitchen garbage and quantitatively adding the crushed kitchen garbage into the separating device, the separating device is used for continuously impacting and compressing the crushed kitchen garbage and forming liquid garbage and hard plate-shaped solid garbage, the liquid garbage is directly discharged into a sewer, the solid garbage is discharged into the crushing device, the crushing device is used for crushing the fixed garbage and outwards discharging the fixed garbage, the power device is used for providing driving power for the separation device and the crushing device.
2. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the feeding device comprises a feeding cylinder which is axially and horizontally arranged, one end of the feeding cylinder is sealed and arranged, the other end of the feeding cylinder is opened and arranged, a sealing cover which is matched with the feeding cylinder in a sealing way is fixedly arranged at the opening, a circular feeding hole and a circular discharging hole which are communicated with the feeding cylinder and are axially and vertically arranged are arranged on the feeding cylinder, the feeding hole is positioned at the top of the feeding cylinder, the discharging hole is positioned at the bottom of the feeding cylinder, the feeding hole and the discharging hole are vertically and symmetrically arranged, a vertically arranged funnel is communicated with the feeding hole, the discharging hole is communicated with the input end of the separating device in a butt joint way, a circular inner cylinder which is matched with the feeding cylinder is coaxially arranged in the feeding cylinder, the outer circular surface of the inner cylinder and the inner circular surface of the feeding cylinder form rotary type sealing connection and matching, a quantitative groove of the cylinder is radially formed on, the four quantitative grooves are arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder, one of the quantitative grooves is aligned with the feed inlet and the other quantitative groove is in butt joint with the discharge outlet in an initial state;
the coaxial fixed drive shaft that is provided with on the inner tube, the drive shaft activity extends to the blind end outside of charging barrel, and charging barrel outside fixed mounting has step motor and step motor's output shaft axial to be on a parallel with the axial of drive shaft, is provided with the belt drive subassembly one that is used for connecting both between the drive end of step motor output shaft and drive shaft, and belt drive subassembly one can be with on the step motor output shaft power transmission to the drive shaft and drive the drive shaft and rotate.
3. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the crushing mechanism comprises a stirring shaft coaxially and rotatably arranged at the bottom of the quantitative groove, blades are fixedly arranged on the outer circular surface of one end, close to the groove opening of the quantitative groove, of the stirring shaft, the blades extend to the inner wall of the quantitative groove from the stirring shaft, the blades are arranged in an array manner along the circumferential direction of the stirring shaft, an inner cavity which penetrates through the inner cylinder along the axial direction is formed in the middle of the inner cylinder, an end cover is fixedly arranged at the opening of the inner cavity, the crushing mechanism further comprises a crushing motor which is fixedly arranged outside the sealing cover, an output shaft of the crushing motor movably penetrates into the inner cavity, the output shaft of the crushing motor is coaxially arranged with the inner cylinder, a transition shaft is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the output shaft of the crushing motor, a first driving bevel gear which is coaxially and fixedly sleeved in the inner cavity is arranged on the transition shaft, a driving end, the first driving bevel gear is meshed with the first four driven bevel gears.
4. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the separation device comprises a compression mechanism which is in butt joint with the discharge port, a conveying mechanism arranged on the left side of the compression mechanism and a lifting driving mechanism arranged on the right side of the compression mechanism, the compression mechanism is used for continuously impacting and compressing the crushed kitchen waste and converting the kitchen waste into liquid waste and hard massive solid waste, the liquid waste is directly discharged from the bottom of the compression mechanism, the solid waste is discharged into the conveying mechanism and conveyed into the crushing device by the conveying mechanism, and the lifting driving mechanism is used for providing driving power for the compression mechanism to impact up and down;
the compressing mechanism comprises a base plate, a sealing barrel and a top plate which are coaxially arranged from bottom to top in sequence, the lower end of the sealing barrel is coaxially and fixedly and hermetically connected with the base plate, the upper end of the sealing barrel is coaxially and fixedly and hermetically connected with the top plate, the base plate is fixedly arranged on a fixed frame, a central butt joint opening is formed in the eccentric position of the left side of the top plate, the butt joint opening is aligned with a discharge port and communicated with the discharge port, the top plate is used for supporting the feeding device, a vibration component which is matched with the sealing barrel and can slide up and down is coaxially arranged in the sealing barrel, a compression area is formed between the vibration component and the top plate, kitchen garbage completes continuous impact compression treatment in the compression area, the vibration component comprises a solid rotating barrel body which is coaxially arranged in the sealing barrel, the upper end and the lower end of the rotating barrel respectively penetrate through the top plate and the base plate, the rotating barrel and the top plate form rotary sealing connection and match, and the base plate, the upper end of the rotary cylinder body is coaxially and fixedly provided with an upright post, the upright post can receive lifting drive of a lifting drive mechanism, the lower end of the rotary cylinder body is coaxially provided with a main shaft which is in rotating connection and matching with the fixing frame, the rotary cylinder body is sleeved at the upper end of the main shaft and is in spline connection and matching with the upper end of the main shaft, the rotary cylinder body can slide up and down along the main shaft, the lower end of the main shaft is connected with the power device and can receive driving rotation of the power device, a circular tray is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the outer circular surface of the middle position of the rotary cylinder body along the axial direction of the rotary cylinder body, a plurality of filtering holes which penetrate up and down are formed in the tray, a circular steel filter screen is coaxially embedded in the upper end surface of the tray, the diameters of the circular steel filter screen and the circular steel filter screen are equal to the diameters of;
the upper end face of the chassis is provided with an annular water storage tank, the outer side tank wall of the water storage tank along the radial direction is provided with a first slope surface, the inner side tank wall along the radial direction is provided with a second slope surface, the distance between the first slope surface and the second slope surface is gradually increased from bottom to top along the vertical direction, the upper end of the first slope surface extends to be close to the outer edge of the chassis, the upper end of the second slope surface extends to be close to the inner edge of the chassis, the lower end face of the chassis is coaxially and fixedly provided with an annular groove protruding downwards, an annular cover matched with the annular groove in a sealing connection mode is fixedly arranged at the opening of the annular groove, a sewer pipe communicated with the annular groove is fixedly arranged on the annular cover, the sewer pipe extends to the sewer, an axial vertical arrangement for communicating sewer holes of the sewer pipe and the annular groove is arranged between the groove bottom of the water storage groove and the groove bottom of the annular groove, and the plurality of sewer holes are arranged in an array mode along the circumferential direction of the water storage groove.
5. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the top disc is provided with a narrow slit-shaped insertion port which penetrates through the top disc from top to bottom, the insertion port extends from the inner circular surface of the top disc to the outer circular surface, the right side of the sealing cylinder is provided with a rectangular discharge port which is communicated with the compression area and is obliquely arranged downwards, the insertion port is aligned with one side of the discharge port along the anticlockwise direction, the distance between the insertion port and the radial direction of the top disc is gradually increased along the opening direction of the discharge port, a rectangular scraper blade which can slide up and down is inserted in the insertion port, the lower end of the scraper blade is always abutted against a filter screen, one end of the scraper blade is contacted with the outer circular surface of the rotating cylinder, the other end of the scraper blade is contacted with one side of the discharge port along the anticlockwise direction, the upper end of the top disc is provided with a vertical bolt which is in threaded connection and matching with the top disc, the bolt is provided with four bolts, the floating sleeve capable of moving up and down is movably sleeved on the bolt, the floating spring is sleeved on the outer portion of the bolt in a movable mode, the elastic force of the floating spring is directed to the floating sleeve through the top of the bolt all the time, namely the elastic force of the floating spring drives the floating sleeve to move downwards all the time, the bolts located on the different sides of the scraper are directly opposite one by one, a floating rod fixedly connected with the corresponding floating sleeve is arranged between the two opposite bolts, and the top of the scraper is fixedly sleeved on the floating rod.
6. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the conveying mechanism comprises a rectangular vertical outer side plate and a rectangular vertical inner side plate which are fixedly connected with a fixing frame, the length directions of the outer side plate and the inner side plate are arranged along the front-back direction and are vertically arranged along the width direction, the outer side plate is positioned on the right side of the sealing cylinder, the inner side plate is positioned below the sealing cylinder, a discharge hole extends to a position between the outer side plate and the inner side plate, the outer side plate and the inner side plate are close to the rear end, a vertical partition plate is arranged between the outer side plate and the inner side plate and are arranged along the left-right direction, a vertical inclined baffle plate is arranged between the outer side plate and the inner side plate and close to the front end, the distance between the baffle plate and the partition plate freely and gradually increases rightwards, a downward inclined hopper is arranged on the right end surface of the outer side plate and is arranged along the inclination angle of the baffle plate, the inclined hopper penetrates through the outer side plate, a, the driving roller is located the below of baffle, the driven roller is located the below of baffle, the width that the wire-wrapping was provided with conveyer belt and conveyer belt between driving roller and the driven roller equals the distance between outer panel and the inner panel, the upper band face of conveyer belt flushes with the slope upper end of slope hopper mutually, the slope lower extreme and the breaker of slope hopper are connected the switch-on, the baffle all contacts with the upper band face of conveyer belt with the bottom of baffle, will fall into to the conveyer belt on by bin outlet exhaust solid rubbish.
7. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the lifting driving mechanism comprises a snap ring coaxially and movably sleeved on an upright post, a convex shaft which is bent upwards is fixedly arranged on the outer circular surface of the snap ring, the convex shaft is provided with two convex lugs which are symmetrically arranged in the front-back direction along the axial direction parallel to the snap ring, a convex shaft is fixedly penetrated on the convex lugs, the axial direction of the convex shaft is arranged in the front-back direction, a limiting ring is fixedly sleeved on the outer circular surface of the top of the upright post, a floating spring is movably sleeved on the upright post, one end of the floating spring is abutted with the limiting ring, the other end of the floating spring is abutted with the snap ring, the elastic force of the floating spring is always directed to the snap ring by the limiting ring, the lifting driving mechanism also comprises two levers which are symmetrically arranged in the front-back direction, the levers are positioned below a crushing motor, the middle position of the lever, the middle position of a lever positioned at the rear part is in rotating connection and matching with the closed end of the charging barrel, the axial direction of a rotating shaft formed at the rotating connection part of the lever and the charging barrel is parallel to the axial direction of the charging barrel, the right end of the lever is provided with a through flat groove, the lever and the convex shaft correspond to each other one by one, the flat grooves are movably sleeved on the convex shaft, the right ends of the two levers are fixedly provided with connecting rods, and the axial direction of the connecting rods is arranged along the distance direction of the two levers;
the lifting driving mechanism further comprises a crankshaft which is arranged below the connecting rod and is axially parallel to the axial direction of the connecting rod, the crankshaft comprises an eccentric section which is arranged in the middle and a concentric section which is arranged at two end parts of the eccentric section, the concentric section is rotatably arranged on the fixing frame, the concentric section deviates from the eccentric section, one end of the concentric section is coaxially fixedly sleeved with the flywheel, a strip-shaped connecting plate is arranged between the eccentric section and the connecting rod, one end of the connecting plate is rotatably sleeved on the connecting rod, the other end of the connecting plate is rotatably sleeved on the eccentric section, and the connecting.
8. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the crushing device comprises a horizontal crushing cylinder with two closed ends, a feeding channel which is vertically and upwards arranged is communicated with the top of an outer circular surface of the crushing cylinder close to the right end, the upper end of the feeding channel is communicated with an inclined hopper, a rectangular opening is formed in the bottom of the outer circular surface of the crushing cylinder close to the left end, a discharging channel fixedly connected with a fixed frame is arranged below the opening, the discharging channel is of a forward inclined hopper-shaped structure and is positioned right below the opening and can guide and discharge solid garbage discharged from the opening, a circular rotating plate is coaxially and rotatably arranged in the crushing cylinder, the outer circular surface of the rotating plate is rotatably connected and matched with the inner circular surface of the crushing cylinder, the two rotating plates are respectively positioned at the two end positions of the crushing cylinder, helical blades fixedly connected with the two rotating plates are arranged between the two rotating plates, and the helical blades are arranged close to the edge of the, the spiral blades are arranged in a plurality of the spiral blades and are arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the rotating plate, and each spiral blade comprises a spiral section extending from the right end of the crushing barrel to the opening and a straight section aligned with the opening;
the two rotating plates are coaxially and rotatably provided with a circular mounting plate close to one end face, the diameter of the mounting plate is smaller than that of the rotating plates, a crushing roller for connecting the two mounting plates is fixedly arranged between the two mounting plates, the crushing roller is arranged close to the edge of the mounting plate, the length direction of the crushing roller is parallel to the axial direction of a crushing cylinder, the crushing cylinder is positioned on the inner side of a spiral blade, and the crushing rollers are arranged in a plurality and are arrayed along the circumferential direction of the mounting plates;
a hollow shaft is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the rotating plate at the left end of the crushing cylinder and extends from the left end of the crushing cylinder to the outside, a solid shaft is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the mounting plate at the left end of the crushing cylinder and penetrates through the hollow shaft and extends to the outside of the left end of the crushing cylinder, the solid shaft can be driven by a power device, a reversing transmission assembly for connecting the solid shaft and the hollow shaft is arranged between the solid shaft and the hollow shaft, a convex cylinder is coaxially and fixedly arranged at the left end of the crushing cylinder and the reversing transmission assembly is arranged in the convex cylinder, the reversing transmission assembly comprises a driving bevel gear II coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the solid shaft, a driven bevel gear II coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the hollow shaft and a reversing bevel gear rotatably arranged between the driving bevel gear II and the driven bevel gear II, the axial direction of the reversing bevel gear is arranged along the radial direction of the crushing cylinder and the reversing bevel, two reversing bevel gears are symmetrically arranged up and down, and the reversing bevel gears are meshed with the driving bevel gear II and the driven bevel gear II.
9. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 8, wherein: the crushing device further comprises a plugging mechanism used for controlling opening and closing of the opening, the plugging mechanism comprises a plugging cylinder which is coaxially rotated and sleeved outside the crushing cylinder, the inner circular surface of the plugging cylinder is in sealed rotating connection with the outer circular surface of the crushing cylinder in a matched mode, the plugging cylinder corresponds to the opening, an opening which is matched with the opening is formed in the outer circular surface of the plugging cylinder, when the opening is aligned with the opening, the opening is opened, when the opening is completely staggered with the opening, the opening is closed, the plugging mechanism further comprises an opening and closing motor which is fixedly arranged on a fixing frame, the opening and closing motor is located outside the plugging cylinder, the axial direction of an output shaft of the opening and closing motor is parallel to the axial direction of the plugging cylinder, a driving straight gear is coaxially fixedly sleeved on the output shaft of the opening and closing motor, a driven gear ring is coaxially fixedly sleeved on the outer circular surface of the plugging.
10. The kitchen waste wet and dry separating processor as claimed in claim 9, wherein: the power device comprises a main motor, a first transmission mechanism, a second transmission mechanism, a third transmission mechanism and a fourth transmission mechanism, wherein the main motor is fixedly connected with a fixed frame and is positioned under a flywheel, the axial direction of an output shaft of the main motor is parallel to the axial direction of a crankshaft, the first transmission mechanism comprises a first transmission shaft which is rotatably arranged on the fixed frame, the axial direction of the first transmission shaft is parallel to the axial direction of the crankshaft, the first transmission shaft is positioned between the main motor and the crankshaft, a second belt transmission assembly used for connecting the output shaft of the main motor and the driving end of the first transmission shaft is arranged between the output shaft of the main motor and the driving end of the first transmission shaft, the second belt transmission assembly can transmit the power on the main motor to the first transmission shaft and drive the first transmission shaft to rotate, a third belt transmission assembly is arranged between the first transmission shaft and the concentric sections of the crankshaft, the third belt transmission assembly is provided with two belt transmission assemblies and respectively, the transmission mechanism II is used for transmitting the power on the transmission shaft I to the main shaft and driving the main shaft to rotate, the transmission mechanism III is used for transmitting the power on the transmission shaft I to the driving roller and driving the driving roller to rotate, and the transmission mechanism IV is used for transmitting the power on the main shaft to the solid shaft and driving the solid shaft to rotate;
the second transmission mechanism comprises a second transmission shaft which is arranged above the middle position of the first transmission shaft along the axial direction of the first transmission shaft, the second transmission shaft is in rotating connection and matching with the fixed frame, a first bevel gear transmission assembly for connecting the first transmission shaft and the second transmission shaft is arranged between the driving end of the second transmission shaft and the first transmission shaft, the first bevel gear transmission assembly can transmit power on the first transmission shaft to the second transmission shaft and drive the second transmission shaft to rotate, a fourth belt transmission assembly for connecting the second transmission shaft and the driving end of the main shaft is arranged between the output end of the second transmission shaft and the driving end of the main shaft, and the fourth belt transmission assembly can transmit power on the;
the transmission mechanism III comprises a transmission shaft III and a transmission shaft IV which are rotationally arranged on the fixed frame, the transmission shaft III and the transmission shaft IV are both positioned below the driving roller, the axial direction of the transmission shaft IV is parallel to the axial direction of the driving roller, the transmission shaft III is parallel to the axial direction of the transmission shaft I, a belt transmission component V for connecting the transmission shaft III and the transmission shaft I is arranged between the driving end of the transmission shaft III and the output end of the transmission shaft I, the belt transmission component V can transmit the power on the transmission shaft I to the transmission shaft III and drive the transmission shaft III to rotate, a bevel gear transmission component II for connecting the transmission shaft III and the transmission shaft IV is arranged between the output end of the transmission shaft III and the driving end of the transmission shaft IV, the bevel gear transmission component II is used for transmitting the power on the transmission shaft III to the transmission shaft IV and driving the transmission shaft IV, the belt transmission assembly six can transmit the power on the transmission shaft four to the driving roller and drive the driving roller to rotate;
the fourth transmission mechanism comprises a fifth transmission shaft which is rotatably arranged on the fixing frame and is vertically arranged along the axis, the fifth transmission shaft is positioned between the first transmission shaft and the main shaft and is aligned with the solid shaft, a seventh belt transmission assembly for connecting the fifth transmission shaft and the main shaft is arranged between the upper end of the fifth transmission shaft and the main shaft, the seventh belt transmission assembly can transmit power on the main shaft to the fifth transmission shaft and drive the fifth transmission shaft to rotate, a third bevel gear transmission assembly for connecting the fifth transmission shaft and the solid shaft is arranged between the lower end of the fifth transmission shaft and the driving end of the solid shaft, and the third bevel gear transmission assembly can transmit power on the fifth transmission shaft to the solid shaft and drive the solid shaft to rotate.
CN202010776688.8A 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 Dry-wet separation processor for kitchen garbage Withdrawn CN111872055A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010776688.8A CN111872055A (en) 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 Dry-wet separation processor for kitchen garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010776688.8A CN111872055A (en) 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 Dry-wet separation processor for kitchen garbage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111872055A true CN111872055A (en) 2020-11-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010776688.8A Withdrawn CN111872055A (en) 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 Dry-wet separation processor for kitchen garbage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111872055A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113083465A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-07-09 枣庄青柠檬文化创意有限公司 Efficient solid waste treatment device and treatment method
CN115847901A (en) * 2023-02-08 2023-03-28 龙利源生态环境科技(苏州)有限公司 Urban kitchen waste liquid separation integrated equipment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113083465A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-07-09 枣庄青柠檬文化创意有限公司 Efficient solid waste treatment device and treatment method
CN113083465B (en) * 2021-04-01 2022-06-14 乌海赛马水泥有限责任公司 Efficient solid waste treatment device and treatment method
CN115847901A (en) * 2023-02-08 2023-03-28 龙利源生态环境科技(苏州)有限公司 Urban kitchen waste liquid separation integrated equipment
CN115847901B (en) * 2023-02-08 2023-10-24 龙利源生态环境科技(苏州)有限公司 Integrated liquid separation equipment for urban kitchen waste

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