CN111642283B - Single-layer intelligent plant factory - Google Patents

Single-layer intelligent plant factory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111642283B
CN111642283B CN202010524190.2A CN202010524190A CN111642283B CN 111642283 B CN111642283 B CN 111642283B CN 202010524190 A CN202010524190 A CN 202010524190A CN 111642283 B CN111642283 B CN 111642283B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
switch button
water
controller
water collecting
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Application number
CN202010524190.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111642283A (en
Inventor
吴启保
李金玉
张豫
陈树林
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Shenzhen Institute of Information Technology
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Shenzhen Institute of Information Technology
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Priority to CN202010524190.2A priority Critical patent/CN111642283B/en
Publication of CN111642283A publication Critical patent/CN111642283A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F27/90Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms 
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/30Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation
    • C02F1/32Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation with ultra-violet light
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D13/0409Drainage outlets, e.g. gullies
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/064Gutters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F2101/00Mixing characterised by the nature of the mixed materials or by the application field
    • B01F2101/32Mixing fertiliser ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/04Disinfection
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D13/0409Drainage outlets, e.g. gullies
    • E04D2013/0422Drainage outlets, e.g. gullies for draining water above the roof level, e.g. gullies with overflow ports
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/50Energy storage in industry with an added climate change mitigation effect

Abstract

Single-tier intelligent plant factories include: the solar energy disinfection device comprises a workshop, a switch door, a roof, a blocking edge, a water collecting channel, a water collecting hole, a water discharging hole, a solar energy power generation device, a first motor, a support, a solar panel, a motor groove, a rain cover, an electric box, a controller, a storage battery, a switch button, a disinfection switch button, a mixing switch button, a water pumping switch button, a dripper switch button, a light switch button, an air conditioner, a water collecting tank, a water inlet pipe, a feed pipe, an ultraviolet disinfection lamp, a one-way solenoid valve, a mixing tank, a stirring device, a fertilizer adding pipe, a liquid discharge pipe, a second motor, a connecting shaft, a stirring shaft, a mixing electric box, an incubator, a sensor, a support frame, a lamp bracket plate, a lamp bar fixing groove, a lamp bar, a first linear motor platform, a second linear motor platform, a dripper connecting plate, a dripper and a solenoid valve; the advantages of the invention are as follows: the sunlight and the rain in nature are utilized to meet the requirement of plant cultivation.

Description

Single-layer intelligent plant factory
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of modern agricultural planting, in particular to a single-layer intelligent plant factory.
Background
The plant factory is a high-efficiency agricultural system for realizing annual continuous production of crops by high-precision environmental control in a facility, and is a labor-saving production mode which automatically controls the environmental conditions of temperature, humidity, illumination, CO2 concentration, nutrient solution and the like for plant growth by using an intelligent computer and an electronic sensing system and ensures that the plant growth and development in the facility are not or rarely restricted by natural conditions. The plant factory is a high-level stage of modern facility agriculture development, is a production system with high investment, high technology and fine equipment, integrates biotechnology, engineering technology and system management, and enables agricultural production to be separated from natural ecological constraints.
In existing plant factories, there are some problems, such as: external water sources and power supplies are needed, and the cultivation of plants cannot be carried out in places with inconvenient supply; the structure is complex, and a large amount of internal space of a factory is occupied.
In view of the above, there is a need for a single-layer intelligent plant factory to meet the needs of plant cultivation.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provide a single-layer intelligent plant factory which can utilize natural rainwater and sunlight to cultivate plants.
The purpose of the invention is realized as follows: the single-layer intelligent plant factory comprises a factory building, wherein a switch door is arranged on one side of the factory building, a roof is arranged on the top of the factory building, a blocking edge is arranged on the edge of the roof, a water collecting channel is arranged inside the roof, a plurality of water collecting holes are formed in the surface of the roof on the inner side of the blocking edge, the water collecting holes are communicated with the water collecting channel, a drain hole is formed in the water collecting channel, and a solar power generation device is arranged on the top surface of the roof;
furthermore, an electric box and an air conditioner are arranged on the side wall of the interior of the plant close to the switch door, the controller and the storage battery are arranged in the electric box, the air conditioner is connected with the controller through a circuit, the storage battery is connected with the solar power generation device through a circuit, the storage battery is charged by the solar power generation device, the controller is connected with the storage battery through a circuit, the controller is powered by the storage battery, the side wall of the electric box is provided with a switch button, a disinfection switch button, a mixing switch button, a water pumping switch button, a dripper switch button and a light switch button, the switch button, the disinfection switch button, the mixing switch button, the water pumping switch button, the dripper switch button and the light switch button are all connected with the controller through circuits;
furthermore, a water collecting tank and a mixing tank are arranged on one side, away from the switch door, of the interior of the plant, a water inlet pipe and a water inlet pipe are arranged at the top of the water collecting tank, the water inlet pipe is connected with the water drain hole through a water guide pipe, the bottom of the water collecting tank is connected with the bottom of the mixing tank through a pipeline, a one-way electromagnetic valve is arranged on the pipeline between the water collecting tank and the mixing tank, the one-way electromagnetic valve is connected with the controller through a circuit, a stirring device is arranged in the mixing tank, and a fertilizer adding pipe and a liquid discharge pipe are arranged on the mixing tank;
further, a plurality of incubators are arranged inside the factory building, each incubator is a thin-walled box body with an open top, a plurality of sensors are arranged inside each incubator, the sensors are connected with the controller through circuits, a support frame is arranged at the top of each incubator, a lamp frame plate is arranged at the top of each support frame, a plurality of lamp rod fixing grooves are formed in the lamp frame plate, lamp rods are placed in the lamp rod fixing grooves, the lamp rods are connected with the storage battery through circuits, the lamp rods are powered by the storage battery, the lamp rods are connected with the controller through circuits, two first linear motor platforms are symmetrically arranged between the support frames, the first linear motor platforms are parallel to the width direction of the incubator, two second linear motor platforms are arranged between the sliding blocks of the first linear motor platforms, and the first linear motor platforms, The second linear electric motor platform all with the battery passes through circuit connection, first linear electric motor platform second linear electric motor platform by the battery supplies power, first linear electric motor platform second linear electric motor platform all with the controller passes through circuit connection, be provided with the water dropper connecting plate on the slider of second linear electric motor platform, be provided with the water dropper on the water dropper connecting plate, the water dropper with pass through the tube coupling between the fluid-discharge tube, the water dropper with be provided with the solenoid valve on the pipeline between the fluid-discharge tube, the solenoid valve with the controller passes through circuit connection.
Further, the roof top surface is an inclined surface, and one end of the roof top surface close to the water collecting hole is lower than one end far away from the water collecting hole.
Further, solar power generation facility includes first motor, support, solar panel, the motor groove has been seted up at roof top surface middle part, motor groove top is provided with rain-proof cover, motor inslot installs first motor, the output shaft of first motor extends to rain-proof cover is outside, the output shaft of first motor with be provided with the sealing washer between the rain-proof cover, be provided with on the output shaft of first motor the support, be provided with on the support solar panel, first motor with the controller passes through circuit connection, first motor solar panel all with the battery passes through circuit connection, first motor by the battery supplies power, the battery by solar panel charges.
Further, the controller in the solar power generation device is also controlled by a computer program, the computer program controls the solar panel to rotate left and right in the sun with time, and the computer program comprises the following specific steps:
s1, acquiring current time information and weather information based on a preset time acquisition model and a weather detection interface;
s2, acquiring left and right steering angles in a steering relation table based on the preset steering relation table between time-weather-solar panels and the current time information and weather information
S3 formula based on preset steering angle algorithmAnd right and left steering anglesObtaining a comprehensive steering angle
S4, turning the comprehensive steering angleAnd sending the command to a background control center of a computer program, wherein the control center sends a command for controlling the rotation of the solar energy to a controller in the first motor.
Further, a plurality of sensors that incubator 7 inside set up are in equidistance is arranged in four sides in the incubator 7, a plurality of sensors with the computer establishes long connection, and by computer program control carries out the sensing survey, computer program acquires behind the correlation value of a plurality of sensor surveys, through the predetermined drip judgement and control model, judges whether by computer program control the dripper is right incubator 7 drips.
The step of controlling the dripper to drip water through the computer program is as follows:
the method comprises the following steps that firstly, the sensors are numbered based on a preset numbering mode, and numbering results are sent to a computer to generate a sensor and numbering reference table;
step two, based on preset interval time, obtaining correlation values measured by the sensors at regular time, and carrying out one-to-one correspondence on the correlation values and the numbering results, wherein the correlation values comprise temperature values and humidity values;
step three, based on a preset algorithm formulaObtaining the temperature and humidity index valueThe temperature value and the humidity value measured by the same sensor at the same time are respectively used as parameter valuesAnd the value of the parameter
Step four, judging the temperature and humidity index value based on the preset dripping judgment and control modelWhether a preset temperature and humidity index value threshold value is met or not is judged, and if not, the temperature and humidity index value is acquiredThe corresponding sensor number is used as a target number and sends a command for dripping to the controller;
fifthly, determining a sensor corresponding to the target number as a first sensor based on the sensor and number reference table, taking the position corresponding to the first sensor as a target area, and dripping water to the target area based on a controller;
step six, when water drips to the target area, the steps are continuously executed until the temperature and humidity index valueSatisfying the preset temperature and humidity index value threshold valueThe controller sends an instruction to stop dripping.
Further, the top of the water collecting tank is provided with an ultraviolet disinfection lamp, the ultraviolet disinfection lamp is connected with the storage battery through a circuit, the ultraviolet disinfection lamp is powered by the storage battery, and the ultraviolet disinfection lamp is connected with the controller through a circuit.
Further, agitating unit includes second motor, connecting axle, (mixing) shaft, the mixing box top is provided with mixed electric box, mixed electric box internally mounted have the second motor, the second motor with the battery passes through circuit connection, the second motor by the battery supplies power, the second motor with the controller passes through circuit connection, the output shaft of second motor extends to inside the mixing box, the output shaft of second motor with the connecting axle passes through coupling joint, the connecting axle is from last to being provided with down a plurality of the (mixing) shaft.
The advantages of the invention are as follows:
1. the sunlight in the nature is utilized, the power can be generated for use, and meanwhile, the rainwater is stored, so that the requirement of a water source is met. The requirement of plant cultivation can be met without an external power supply and a water source.
2. Realize liquid manure integration, retrencied the inside part structure of factory building, will water and fertilize and unite two into one for more incubators can be placed to factory building inside.
3. The first linear motor platform and the second linear motor platform can enable the dripper to accurately drip pipes at all positions of the incubator, so that fertilizer is better absorbed by plants.
4. The solar panel is controlled by the computer program to rotate left and right in the sun along with time, so that the solar panel is ensured to fully receive a light source, and the effect of quickly storing electricity can be achieved.
5. Through the mode of the mutual connection among the computer program, the temperature and humidity sensor, the controller and the drippers, the dripping effect of the drippers is controlled, rainwater resources can be fully utilized to a certain extent, and unreasonable use of the water resources is avoided.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a single-layer intelligent plant factory structure.
Fig. 2 is a schematic sectional structure view of the solar power generation apparatus.
Fig. 3 is a sectional structural view of a water collecting channel.
Fig. 4 is a schematic sectional structure diagram of a plant.
Fig. 5 is a sectional structure view of the water collecting tank.
Fig. 6 is a schematic sectional structure diagram of a plant.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of an electrical box.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view illustrating rotation of a solar panel according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a flowchart of a process of controlling the dripper to drip water by the computer program in the embodiment of the present application.
In the figure: 1. factory building, 101, switch door, 102, roof, 103, blocking edge, 104, water collecting channel, 105, water collecting hole, 106, water discharging hole, 2, solar power generation device, 201, first motor, 202, bracket, 203, solar panel, 204, motor groove, 205, rain cover, 3, electric box, 301, controller, 302, storage battery, 303, switch button, 304, disinfection switch button, 305, mixing switch button, 306, water pumping switch button, 307, dripper switch button, 308, light switch button, 4, air conditioner, 5, water collecting box, 501, water inlet pipe, 502, 503, ultraviolet disinfection lamp, 504, one-way solenoid valve, 6, mixing box, 601, stirring device, 602, fertilizer adding pipe, 603, liquid discharging pipe, 604, second motor, 605, 606, stirring shaft, 607, mixing electric box, 7, culture box, 702, support frame, 702, stirring shaft, 607, mixing electric box, and the like, 703. The lamp holder plate, 704, the lamp rod fixing groove, 705, the lamp rod, 706, the first linear motor platform, 707, the second linear motor platform, 708, the dripper connecting plate and 709, the dripper is arranged on the lamp holder plate.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application better understood, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present application, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
The embodiment of the application provides a single-layer intelligent plant factory.
Embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 1-7, single-deck intelligent plant factory, including factory building 1, switch door 101 has been seted up to 1 one side of factory building, makes things convenient for the staff to pass in and out factory building 1. The roof 102 is arranged at the top of the factory building 1, the blocking edge 103 is arranged at the edge of the roof 102, the water collecting channel 104 is arranged inside the roof 1, the blocking edge 103 is arranged on the surface of the roof 102 at the inner side of the roof 102, the water collecting holes 105 are communicated with the water collecting channel 104, the water collecting channel 104 is provided with a water discharging hole 106, the top surface of the roof 102 is an inclined surface, and one end, close to the water collecting hole 105, of the top surface of the roof 102 is lower than one end, far away from the water collecting hole 105, of the top surface of the roof 102. When the weather is rainy, the rainwater flows along the top surface of the roof 102 to one end of the water collecting hole 105, and the blocking edge 103 can effectively prevent the rainwater from flowing out from the edge of the roof 102. The rainwater flows from the water collecting hole 105 into the water collecting channel 104 and is guided out through the water discharging hole 106. The top surface of the roof 102 is provided with a solar power generation device 2 which generates power by utilizing the sunlight in the nature. Solar power system 2 includes first motor 201, support 202, solar panel 203, motor groove 204 has been seted up at roof 102 top surface middle part, motor groove 204 top is provided with rain-proof cover 205, avoids rainwater and debris etc. to fall to in the motor groove 204. The first motor 201 is installed inside the motor slot 204, and the first motor 201 is preferably a vertical flange direct-insertion type gear reduction motor of Shanghai Zhibao motor manufacturing company Limited, and the power is preferably 3.7 kw. The output shaft of first motor 201 extends to it is outside to prevent rain cover 205, the output shaft of first motor 201 with be provided with the sealing washer between the rain cover 205, be provided with on the output shaft of first motor 201 support 202, be provided with on the support 202 solar panel 203, solar panel 203 prefers Jiangsu Sanpu photoelectricity Limited's solar panel. The first motor 201 is connected with the controller 301 through a circuit, the first motor 201 and the solar panel 203 are connected with the storage battery 302 through a circuit, the solar panel 203 is arranged on the circuit between the storage battery 302, and the solar controller is preferably a PWM solar controller of Qingdao Tianying Huazhi limited technology, and is in a Max20-EU model. The first motor 201 is supplied with power from the battery 302, and the battery 302 is charged by the solar panel 203.
The controller in the solar power generation device is also controlled by a computer program, the computer program controls the solar panel to rotate left and right in the sun along with time, and the computer program comprises the following specific steps:
s1, acquiring current time information and weather information based on a preset time acquisition model and a weather detection interface;
s2, acquiring left and right steering angles in a steering relation table based on the preset steering relation table between time-weather-solar panels and the current time information and weather information
S3 formula based on preset steering angle algorithmAnd right and left steering anglesObtaining a comprehensive steering angle
S4, turning the comprehensive steering angleSending the control result to a background control center of a computer program, and sending the control result to a controller in the first motor to control the solar energy to be convertedAnd (4) moving instructions.
Wherein, the time period of 24 hours per day is divided into 180 unit time periods in the steering relationship table, that is, each continuous 8 minutes is a time unit, and each time unit corresponds toThe steering angle, the range of the left and right steering interval is [ ] [ ],]The direction is changed from the right direction to the positive direction and the left direction to the negative direction, i.e. if the time node is 00:00:00 and the corresponding turning point isWhen the next time node is 00:08:00, the corresponding turning point isWhen the time node is 12:00:00, the corresponding turning point isThe turning relation table comprises 181 time nodes from 00:00:00 to 00:00:00 of the next day, each time node is separated by 8 minutes and respectively corresponds to different turning angles, when the next day is 00:00:00, a preset backtracking model is triggered, the backtracking model controls the controller to trigger 180-degree rotation once, and the solar panel returns toPosition, in the whole process, different time nodes correspond to different steering angles, namely left and right steering angles
The preset time acquisition model is used for acquiring the current time through a computer program, and the weather detection interface is used for acquiring the current weather information and the weather information in a certain future period through an external weather detection interface.
The steering relation table among the preset time-weather-solar panels is associated with the preset time table and the preset weather information table, and the left and right steering angles in the steering relation table are finally determined according to the inter-table relationFor example: in the weather, the temperature is 35 ℃, the weather is clear, the time is 8:00:00 in summer, the sun rises, and the left and right steering angles are 0 ℃; when the time is 8:00:00 in winter, the sun rises for 2 hours, and the left and right steering angles are 15 degrees in the positive direction; different steering angles corresponding to the same time point in different seasons are set in the table. In daytime, the solar panel rotates from east to west to be positive rotation; at night, the solar panel rotates back from west to east to the initial position of daytime as negative rotation.
The computer program controls the solar panel to rotate, the preset time table determines the time for the solar panel to start rotating, and the preset time table comprises the starting rotating time corresponding to each solar panel in 365 days in one year.
Referring specifically to fig. 8, fig. 8 is a schematic view of the rotation of the solar panel in the embodiment of the present application, in which 801 shows the solar panel, 801a shows the panel surface containing the solar panel, 801b shows the panel surface without the solar panel, and the forward rotation direction, the start position and the end position of the solar panel are shown.
The inside electric box 3 and the air conditioner 4 of being close to of factory building 1 the lateral wall of switch door 101 is provided with, the hanging air conditioner of the preferred lattice force of air conditioner 4, the model is KFR-26GW/(26581) FNDc-A1, the inside temperature of factory building 1 and humidity condition can be adjusted to air conditioner 4. The electric box 3 internally mounted has controller 301 and battery 032, the preferred military innovation automation technology limited's of controller 301 standard type PLC, the model is JS-60P-D. The PLC of the model can meet the control requirement of the method. The air conditioner 4 is electrically connected to the controller 301, and is controlled by the controller 301. The battery 302 with solar power system 2 passes through circuit connection, the battery 302 by solar power system 2 charges, controller 301 with battery 302 passes through circuit connection, controller 301 by battery 302 supplies power, the electrical cabinet 3 lateral wall is provided with shift knob 303, disinfection shift knob 304, mixed shift knob 305, pumping shift knob 306, dripper shift knob 307, light shift knob 308, shift knob 303, disinfection shift knob 304 mixed shift knob 305 pumping shift knob 306, dripper shift knob 307, light shift knob 308 all with controller 301 passes through circuit connection for respectively control mix, draw water, drip irrigation, open and close of each function such as light.
A water collecting tank 5 and a mixing tank 6 are arranged on one side, far away from the switch door 101, inside the plant 1, a water inlet pipe 501 and a feed pipe 502 are arranged at the top of the water collecting tank 5, and the water inlet pipe 501 is connected with the drain hole 106 through a water guide pipe. The collected rainwater is guided from the water collecting passage 104 to the inside of the water collecting tank 5 through the water discharging hole 106 and the water inlet pipe 501. The top of the inner cavity of the water collecting tank 5 is provided with an ultraviolet disinfection lamp 503, the ultraviolet disinfection lamp 503 is connected with the storage battery 302 through a circuit, the ultraviolet disinfection lamp 503 is powered by the storage battery 302, the ultraviolet disinfection lamp 503 is connected with the controller 301 through a circuit, and the controller 301 controls the start and the end of work. The ultraviolet disinfection lamp 503 is preferably a Norway disinfection lamp of Shenzhen Yushui Tianlan environmental protection science and technology Limited. The ultraviolet sterilization and disinfection is to use ultraviolet with proper wavelength to destroy the molecular structure of DNA or RNA in the organism cells of the microorganism, so as to cause the death of growing cells and the death of regenerative cells, thereby achieving the effect of sterilization and disinfection. The ultraviolet disinfection technology is based on modern epidemic prevention science, medicine and photodynamics, and uses specially designed UVC wave band ultraviolet light with high efficiency, high intensity and long service life to irradiate flowing water, so that various bacteria, viruses, parasites, algae and other pathogens in the water are directly killed, and the use safety of the rainwater is ensured. The water collection tank 5 bottom with pipe connection is passed through to the bottom between the mixing box 6, the water collection tank 5 with be provided with one-way solenoid valve 504 on the pipeline between the mixing box 6, one-way solenoid valve 504 with controller 301 passes through circuit connection, and whether the control rainwater is leading-in the mixing box 6. The mixing box 6 is internally provided with a stirring device 601, the mixing box 6 is provided with a fertilizer adding pipe 602 and a liquid discharge pipe 603, and the fertilizer adding pipe 602 is used for adding various required fertilizers into the mixing box 6. The stirring device 601 includes a second motor 604, a connecting shaft 605 and a stirring shaft 606, a mixing electric box 607 is arranged at the top of the mixing box 6, the second motor 604 is installed in the mixing electric box 607, the second motor 604 is preferably a vertical flange direct-insertion type gear reduction motor of shanghai zhibao motor manufacturing limited, and the power is selected according to the internal volume of the mixing box 6. The preferred power is 1.5 kw. The second motor 604 is electrically connected with the storage battery 302, the second motor 604 is powered by the storage battery 302, the second motor 604 is electrically connected with the controller 301, and the controller 301 controls the start and stop of the work. The output shaft of the second motor 604 extends to the inside of the mixing box 6, the output shaft of the second motor 604 is connected with the connecting shaft 605 through a coupler, and the connecting shaft 605 is provided with a plurality of stirring shafts 606 from top to bottom. The output shaft of the second motor 604 drives the connecting shaft 605 to rotate, and then the rainwater and the fertilizer are mixed and stirred by the stirring shaft 606 to form uniform fertilizer liquid.
The plant 1 is internally provided with a plurality of incubators 7 for cultivating plants. Incubator 7 is open-topped thin wall box, incubator 7 is inside to be provided with a plurality of sensors, the sensor includes temperature and humidity sensor and light intensity sensor. The temperature and humidity sensor is preferably a temperature and humidity probe of Shenzhen New Union technology Limited, and has the model number of HTM 2500. The illumination sensor is preferably an illumination sensor of Wuhan Zhongke Keneng Hui science and technology development Limited, and the model is NHZD10 CR. The sensor is electrically connected with the controller 301, the sensor transmits a signal to the controller 301, and the controller 301 controls the operation of other components according to the transmitted signal. The top of the incubator 7 is provided with a support frame 702, the top of the support frame 702 is provided with a lamp holder plate 703, the lamp holder plate 703 is provided with a plurality of lamp rod fixing grooves 704, and lamp rods 705 are placed in the lamp rod fixing grooves 704. The light bar 705 is electrically connected with the storage battery 302, the light bar 705 is powered by the storage battery 302, and the light bar 705 is electrically connected with the controller 301 to control the start and stop of the light bar 705. The light bar 705 is selected according to the needs of the plant being cultivated. Two first linear motor platforms 706 are symmetrically arranged between the supporting frames 702, the first linear motor platforms 706 are parallel to the width direction of the incubator 7, a second linear motor platform 707 is arranged between the sliding blocks of the two first linear motor platforms 706, and the first linear motor platform 706 and the second linear motor platform 707 are preferably double-guide-rail linear motor platforms of DGL series of Abesque precision electro-mechanical company, and have the model of DGL260-AUM 5-S4. The effective length of the first and second linear motor platforms 706, 707 is selected based on the width and length of the incubator 7. The first linear motor platform 706 and the second linear motor platform 707 are all connected with the storage battery 302 through circuits, the first linear motor platform 706 and the second linear motor platform 707 are supplied with power by the storage battery 302, the first linear motor platform 706 and the second linear motor platform 707 are all connected with the controller 301 through circuits, a dripper connecting plate 708 is arranged on a sliding block of the second linear motor platform 707, a dripper 709 is arranged on the dripper connecting plate 708, and the dripper 709 is preferably an adjustable flow rate dripper of Shandong Xin irrigation science and technology Limited. The dripper 709 with pass through the tube coupling between the fluid-discharge tube 603, the dripper 709 with be provided with the solenoid valve on the pipeline between the fluid-discharge tube 603, the solenoid valve with the controller 301 passes through circuit connection, controller 301 control first linear motor platform 706, second linear motor platform 707 drives the dripper 709 removes each position of incubator 7.
A plurality of sensors that incubator 7 inside set up are in equidistance is arranged in four sides in incubator 7, a plurality of sensors with the computer establishes long connection, and by computer program control carries out the sensing survey, computer program acquires behind the correlation value of a plurality of sensor surveys, through predetermined drip judgement and control model, judge whether by computer program control the dripper is right incubator 7 drips, controller 301 is connected with the computer.
Referring to fig. 9 in detail, fig. 9 is a flowchart illustrating a processing flow of the embodiment of the present application for controlling the dripper to drip water through the computer program, and fig. 9 illustrates a step of the embodiment of the present application for controlling the dripper to drip water through the computer program, which specifically includes the following steps:
step 901, numbering the sensors based on a preset numbering mode, sending numbering results to a computer, and generating a sensor and numbering reference table;
in this embodiment of the present application, one possible implementation manner for numbering the plurality of sensors based on the preset numbering manner is as follows: the method comprises the steps of numbering a plurality of sensors by using a non-zero positive integer, firstly setting a reference sensor, setting the number of the reference sensor to be 1, and then sequentially carrying out accumulated numbering on other sensors according to a clockwise sequence to obtain the number values from 1 to N, wherein N is the non-zero positive integer and is greater than 1, and N is the number of the plurality of sensors.
Step 902, obtaining correlation values measured by the plurality of sensors at regular time based on preset interval time, and corresponding the correlation values to the numbering results one by one, wherein the correlation values comprise temperature values and humidity values;
in this embodiment of the present application, the obtaining of the correlation values measured by the plurality of sensors at regular time based on the preset interval time, and performing one-to-one correspondence between the correlation values and the numbering results may be implemented in a manner that: after acquiring the temperature value and the humidity value corresponding to the sensor to be measured, the number value corresponding to the sensor to be measured is determined based on the sensor and number reference table, and a number-temperature value-humidity value reference table is generated.
903, based on a preset algorithm formulaObtaining the temperature and humidity index valueThe temperature value and the humidity value measured by the same sensor at the same time are respectively used as parameter valuesAnd the value of the parameter
Explanation: the temperature value is usually expressed in centigrade degree, the humidity value is usually expressed in percentage, under the same temperature, the higher the percentage of the humidity value is, the more sufficient the moisture is, and under the same humidity percentage, the higher the temperature is, the more sufficient the moisture is. Thus, the above formulaThe temperature and humidity indicator meets the requirements of the conditions and can scientifically show the temperature and humidity indicators.
Step 904, based on the preset drip judgment and control model, judging the temperature and humidity index valueWhether a preset temperature and humidity index value threshold value is met or not is judged, and if not, the temperature and humidity index value is acquiredThe corresponding sensor number is used as a target number and sends a command for dripping to the controller;
explanation: if the preset temperature and humidity threshold value is 1600 and the measured temperature and humidity index is 1500, it indicates that the moisture requirement does not reach the preset threshold value, and water needs to be dripped.
Step 905, determining a sensor corresponding to the target number as a first sensor based on the sensor and number reference table, taking a position corresponding to the first sensor as a target area, and dripping water to the target area based on a controller;
explanation: and determining the position of the corresponding sensor and determining the target area to be dripped through the sensor and the number reference table.
Step 906, when water drips to the target area, continuing to execute the steps until the temperature and humidity index valueAnd sending a command of stopping dripping to the controller when the preset temperature and humidity index value threshold is met.
After the step 904, the controller receives the instruction of dripping, controls the first linear motor platform and the second linear motor platform to slide, and controls the first linear motor platform and the second linear motor platform to slide to drive the dripper to drip water in the target area based on the target area to be dripped determined in the step 905.
After the step 906, the controller controls the water dropper to stop dripping water after receiving the instruction to stop dripping water.
The use of the invention:
collecting rainwater: rainwater drips on the roof surface, flows to one side of the water collecting hole along the roof surface, flows to the water collecting channel through the water collecting hole, and is finally guided into the water collecting tank through the water discharging hole to be stored. Pressing the switch button, all electrical appliances in the factory building are electrified, and pressing the disinfection switch button, the ultraviolet lamp starts to work, disinfects the rainwater in the water collecting tank.
Solar energy charging: the solar panel charges the storage battery by using sunlight. The controller controls the first motor to rotate according to each time period in a day, so that the solar panel is always positioned on the sunward side.
Drip irrigation with water and fertilizer integration: according to the fertilizer mixing box, the water pumping switch button is pressed, the one-way solenoid valve is opened, the rainwater flows into the mixing box, the fertilizer is added into the mixing box through the fertilizer adding pipe, the mixing switch button is pressed down, the second motor starts to work, the stirring shaft is driven to start to work, the rainwater and the fertilizer are mixed, and fertilizer liquid is formed. After mixing, press water dropper shift knob, the signal that the controller transmitted according to the sensor through first motor platform and second motor platform, drives the water dropper and moves to the position directly over that need drip irrigation, then begins to drip irrigation.
Controlling light: and when the light switch button is pressed, all the light bars start to work in an illuminating mode. The controller controls the on and off of the individual light bars according to the signals transmitted by the sensors.
Reasonable utilization of water resources: through the mode of mutual connection among a computer program, a temperature and humidity sensor, a controller and the drippers, the first linear motor platform and the second linear motor platform are controlled to slide to drive the drippers to reach a target area for drip irrigation.
It is noted that, in this document, relational terms such as "first" and "second," and the like, may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Other embodiments of the present application will be apparent to those skilled in the art from consideration of the specification and practice of the application disclosed herein. This application is intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the invention following, in general, the principles of the application and including such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice within the art to which the invention pertains. It is intended that the specification and examples be considered as exemplary only, with a true scope and spirit of the application being indicated by the following claims. It will be understood that the present application is not limited to the precise arrangements described above and shown in the drawings and that various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the scope thereof. The scope of the application is limited only by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. Intelligent plant factory of individual layer, including the factory building, the switch door has been seted up to factory building one side, its characterized in that: the solar power generation system is characterized in that a roof is arranged at the top of the plant, a blocking edge is arranged at the edge of the roof, a water collecting channel is formed in the roof, a plurality of water collecting holes are formed in the surface of the roof on the inner side of the blocking edge, the water collecting holes are communicated with the water collecting channel, a water discharging hole is formed in the water collecting channel, and a solar power generation device is arranged on the top surface of the roof;
an electrical box and an air conditioner are arranged on the side wall, close to the switch door, of the interior of the plant, a controller and a storage battery are installed inside the electrical box, the air conditioner is connected with the controller through a circuit, the storage battery is connected with the solar power generation device through a circuit, the storage battery is charged by the solar power generation device, the controller is connected with the storage battery through a circuit, the controller is powered by the storage battery, a switch button, a disinfection switch button, a mixing switch button, a water pumping switch button, a dripper switch button and a light switch button are arranged on the side wall of the electrical box, and the switch button, the disinfection switch button, the mixing switch button, the water pumping switch button, the dripper switch button and the light switch button are all connected with the controller through a circuit;
a water collecting tank and a mixing tank are arranged on one side, far away from the switch door, of the interior of the plant, a water inlet pipe and a material inlet pipe are arranged at the top of the water collecting tank, the water inlet pipe is connected with the drain hole through a water guide pipe, the bottom of the water collecting tank is connected with the bottom of the mixing tank through a pipeline, a one-way electromagnetic valve is arranged on the pipeline between the water collecting tank and the mixing tank, the one-way electromagnetic valve is connected with the controller through a circuit, a stirring device is arranged in the mixing tank, and a fertilizer adding pipe and a liquid discharging pipe are arranged on the mixing tank;
the utility model discloses a plant building is provided with a plurality of incubators in the factory building, the incubator is open-top's thin wall box, incubator inside is provided with a plurality of sensors, the sensor with the controller passes through circuit connection, the incubator top is provided with the support frame, the support frame top is provided with the lamp frame board, a plurality of lamp stick fixed slots have been seted up to the lamp frame board, the lamp stick has been placed in the lamp stick fixed slot, the lamp stick with the battery passes through circuit connection, the lamp stick by the battery supplies power, the lamp stick with the controller passes through circuit connection, be provided with two first linear motor platforms between the support frame of symmetry, first linear motor platform with incubator width direction is parallel, two be provided with second linear motor platform between the slider of first linear motor platform, first linear motor platform, The second linear electric motor platform all with the battery passes through circuit connection, first linear electric motor platform second linear electric motor platform by the battery supplies power, first linear electric motor platform second linear electric motor platform all with the controller passes through circuit connection, be provided with the water dropper connecting plate on the slider of second linear electric motor platform, be provided with the water dropper on the water dropper connecting plate, the water dropper with pass through the tube coupling between the fluid-discharge tube, the water dropper with be provided with the solenoid valve on the pipeline between the fluid-discharge tube, the solenoid valve with the controller passes through circuit connection.
2. Single-layer intelligent plant factory according to claim 1, characterized in that: the roof top surface is the inclined plane, the roof top surface is close to the one end of catchment hole is less than and keeps away from the one end of catchment hole.
3. Single-layer intelligent plant factory according to claim 1, characterized in that: solar power system includes first motor, support, solar panel, the motor groove has been seted up at roof top surface middle part, motor groove top is provided with rain-proof cover, motor inslot installs first motor, the output shaft of first motor extends to rain-proof cover is outside, the output shaft of first motor with be provided with the sealing washer between the rain-proof cover, be provided with on the output shaft of first motor the support, be provided with on the support solar panel, first motor with the controller passes through circuit connection, first motor solar panel all with circuit connection is passed through to the battery, first motor by the battery supplies power, the battery by solar panel charges.
4. Single-layer intelligent plant factory according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water collecting tank is characterized in that an ultraviolet disinfection lamp is arranged at the top of the water collecting tank and is connected with the storage battery through a circuit, the ultraviolet disinfection lamp is powered by the storage battery, and the ultraviolet disinfection lamp is connected with the controller through a circuit.
5. Single-layer intelligent plant factory according to claim 1, characterized in that: agitating unit includes second motor, connecting axle, (mixing) shaft, the mixing box top is provided with mixed electric box, mixed electric box internally mounted have the second motor, the second motor with the battery passes through circuit connection, the second motor by the battery supplies power, the second motor with the controller passes through circuit connection, the output shaft of second motor extends to inside the mixing box, the output shaft of second motor with the connecting axle passes through coupling joint, the connecting axle is from last to being provided with a plurality ofly down the (mixing) shaft.
CN202010524190.2A 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Single-layer intelligent plant factory Active CN111642283B (en)

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CN205266472U (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-01 昆明市东川区神耀种植有限公司 Turnip is planted and uses big -arch shelter
CN105724124A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-07-06 天津天赐蓝莓种植有限公司 Movable water and fertilizer drip irrigation system for blueberry greenhouse cultivation
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