CN111545290A - Sorting device is retrieved to building rubbish - Google Patents

Sorting device is retrieved to building rubbish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111545290A
CN111545290A CN202010463908.1A CN202010463908A CN111545290A CN 111545290 A CN111545290 A CN 111545290A CN 202010463908 A CN202010463908 A CN 202010463908A CN 111545290 A CN111545290 A CN 111545290A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
screening
box
screening box
construction waste
side wall
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010463908.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马泽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaanxi Jinlei Concrete Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shaanxi Jinlei Concrete Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shaanxi Jinlei Concrete Co ltd filed Critical Shaanxi Jinlei Concrete Co ltd
Priority to CN202010463908.1A priority Critical patent/CN111545290A/en
Publication of CN111545290A publication Critical patent/CN111545290A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to a construction waste recycling and sorting device which comprises a screening box, a feeding groove, a large material screening roller set and a discharging opening, wherein a crushing device is arranged in the screening box and is positioned under the discharging opening, a vibration screening device is arranged in the screening box and is positioned under the crushing device, conveyor belts are correspondingly arranged under each discharging end of the vibration screening device one by one, mounting frames are arranged on the outer wall of the screening box and are arranged above each conveyor belt in a sliding mode, a driving device for driving the mounting frames to horizontally slide is arranged on the outer wall of the screening box, electromagnets are arranged on the mounting frames and face the conveyor belts, and a light separating device is arranged below one end of each conveyor belt, which is far away from. The invention has simple structure, can continuously and uninterruptedly screen the construction waste, has high working efficiency, can screen the construction waste for many times and crush large mixed materials, effectively recovers the metal wrapped in the concrete layer, improves the metal recovery rate and reduces the waste of the metal.

Description

Sorting device is retrieved to building rubbish
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of construction waste recovery, in particular to a construction waste recovery and sorting device.
Background
The construction waste refers to other wastes such as dregs, spoil, sludge and the like generated in the process of building, construction units or individuals constructing, laying, dismantling and repairing various buildings, structures, pipe networks and the like. In order to meet the requirements of resource conservation and environmental protection quality, the construction waste needs to be recycled, so that secondary utilization is facilitated and the pollution to the environment is reduced.
The traditional Chinese invention with publication number CN110711646A discloses a construction waste sorting and recycling device, which comprises a recycling bin, wherein a conveyor belt is arranged at the top of a support rod, vertical rods are arranged at the top of the conveyor belt, a scraper plate is arranged between the two vertical rods, a second spring is arranged at the outer side of a baffle, rollers are arranged at the outer side of the baffle, a connecting rod is arranged at the top of the baffle, a receiving disc is arranged at the top of the connecting rod, a material guide rod is arranged at the right side of the receiving disc, a rotating rod is arranged at the top of a first conical tooth, a gear is arranged at the right side of the first conical tooth, a movable rod is arranged at the bottom of a sleeve rod, a second conical tooth is arranged at the outer side of the movable rod, a gear is arranged at the right side of the movable rod, a stirring rod is arranged at the bottom of the movable rod, construction waste is conveyed by the conveyor belt, when the construction waste is conveyed to be, and the rollers rotate the light garbage to enter the screw rod and crush the light garbage to fall into the light material box.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: most all are abandonment concrete among the building rubbish, and the parcel has a large amount of reinforcing bars in the abandonment concrete, when using above-mentioned device to sort the recovery to building rubbish, because the reinforcing bar parcel is inside thick concrete layer, not only uses the magnet can not sort out the reinforcing bar, can cause the waste of a large amount of metals, once only can handle quantitative building rubbish moreover, can not incessant use in succession, sorts inefficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide the construction waste recycling and sorting device which is simple in structure, can continuously and uninterruptedly screen the construction waste, is high in working efficiency, can screen the construction waste for multiple times and crush large mixed materials, effectively recycles the metal wrapped in the concrete layer, improves the metal recycling rate and reduces the waste of the metal.
The above object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a construction waste recycling and sorting device comprises a screening box, a feeding groove obliquely arranged above one side of the screening box and a massive material screening roller set arranged at the top of the screening box, wherein a feed opening is formed between the massive material screening roller set and the side wall of the screening box far away from the feeding groove, a crushing device is arranged in the screening box under the feed opening, a vibrating screening device is arranged in the screening box under the crushing device, conveyor belts are arranged under each discharge end of the vibrating screening device in a one-to-one correspondence manner, discharge openings are formed in the side wall of the screening box and the conveyor belts in a correspondence manner, mounting frames are arranged on the outer wall of the screening box above each conveyor belt in a sliding manner, a driving device for driving the mounting frames to horizontally slide is arranged on the outer wall of the screening box, and electromagnets are arranged on the mounting frames towards the conveyor belts, and a light separating device is arranged below one end of each conveyor belt, which is far away from the vibrating screening device.
By adopting the technical scheme, firstly, the construction waste to be sorted is poured into the feeding groove, and the feeding is carried out through the feeding groove; secondly, primarily sorting the construction waste to be sorted under the action of the large material screening roller group, enabling smaller materials to fall from gaps of the large material screening roller group, and enabling larger materials to be conveyed towards a discharge opening through the large material screening roller group; thirdly, the larger materials conveyed to the feed opening fall into the crushing device to be crushed, the crushed materials and the materials falling from gaps of the large material screening roller set fall into the vibration screening device, the materials are subdivided according to the material diameter through the vibration screening device, and the screened materials are conveyed out of the screening box through the conveying belt; then, when the materials conveyed on the conveying belt pass through the lower part of the mounting frame, the metal materials in the materials are sorted out through the electromagnet, the mounting frame is driven to slide through the driving device at regular intervals, the electromagnet is not positioned right above the conveying belt, the electromagnet is powered off, the metal materials adsorbed on the electromagnet fall off, and the collection by a user is facilitated; and finally, after the materials are conveyed to the other end of the conveying belt, separating light impurities such as plastics, wood residues, paper sheets and the like mixed in the materials through a light separating device. To sum up, this building rubbish sorting device simple structure can carry out a lot of screening to building rubbish to can carry out the breakage to bold misce bene, effectually retrieve the metal of parcel in concrete inside, improve the metal rate of recovery, reduce the waste to the metal, can also incessant screen building rubbish in succession, the treatment effeciency is high.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: bold material screening roller set includes a plurality of parallel arrangement's of each other screening transfer roller, each the rotation direction of screening transfer roller is the same, the screening transfer roller is connected including rotating the pivot at screening case lateral wall top, the outside coaxial rotary drum that is provided with of pivot, the rotary drum outside evenly is equipped with a plurality of curved blades that are, pivot one end is worn out from the lateral wall of screening case, screening case outer wall one end is provided with first motor, the coaxial axis of rotation that is provided with of output shaft end portion of first motor, the outside coaxial even cover of axis of rotation is equipped with a plurality of drive bevel gears, the pivot is worn out the one end of screening case lateral wall is coaxial be provided with drive bevel gear engaged with driven bevel gear.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, bold material screening roller set is at the during operation, start first motor and make its output shaft rotate and drive the axis of rotation and rotate, the axis of rotation rotates and drives rather than coaxial drive bevel gear and rotate, and drive the pivot through drive bevel gear and rather than the driven bevel gear of meshing and rotate, the pivot is rotated and is driven rotary drum and blade rotation, less material drops from the gap between the blade of adjacent screening transfer roller, great material constantly conveys to feed opening direction through the screening transfer roller, and is simple structure, high durability and convenient use, and it can twine longer plastics rope or great plastic bag on the blade to be curved blade, carry out preliminary sorting to plastics class light debris.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the crushing device comprises a hopper arranged below the feed opening, the hopper is formed by enclosing two baffle plates and a screening box side wall which are symmetrically and obliquely arranged below the feed opening, two crushing rollers which are parallel to each other are rotationally arranged at the bottom of the hopper, the crushing rollers are parallel to the screening conveying roller, the rotating directions of the two crushing rollers are opposite, each crushing roller comprises a central shaft which is rotationally connected with the side wall of the screening box, a roller body is coaxially arranged outside the central shaft, a plurality of crushing teeth are uniformly arranged outside the roller body, one end of the central shaft penetrates out of the side wall of the screening box, a first belt pulley is coaxially arranged at the end part of the central shaft which penetrates out of the side wall of the screening box, two second motors are arranged outside the screening box, a second belt pulley is coaxially arranged at the end part of an output shaft of each second motor, and the diameter of the second belt pulley is smaller than that of the first belt pulley, the first belt pulley is connected with the second belt pulley through a belt.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the reducing mechanism during operation starts the second motor and makes its output shaft rotate and drive rather than coaxial second belt pulley and rotate, drives first belt pulley through the belt and rotates, and then drives the crushing roller and rotate, and the crushing roller rotates and carries out the breakage to the material through broken tooth, and the material that conveys the feed opening is on the baffle landing to the crushing roller of slope, and the baffle plays the effect of direction and stopping, simple structure, convenient to use.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: vibration screening device sets up the cell body in bold material screening roller set below including the slope, the bottom plate top of cell body is provided with the filter screen, the cell body bottom plate reaches the filter screen is close to the tip of discharge gate is provided with the discharging pipe, each discharging pipe discharge end staggers each other, the discharging pipe is followed discharge gate department wears out, the cell body bottom with be provided with a plurality of springs between the screening case diapire, the cell body bottom is provided with vibrating motor.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, after the material drops on the vibration screening device, start vibrating motor and make cell body and filter screen vibration sieve the material, the material after the screening is discharged through different discharging pipes to drop and transmit on the conveyer belt of difference, the spring plays the effect of support and damping, simple structure, convenient to use.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the driving device comprises a hydraulic cylinder arranged on the side wall of the screening box, the mounting frame is fixedly arranged at the end part of the piston end of the hydraulic cylinder, a supporting guide rod is arranged right above the conveyor belt and in parallel with the side wall of the screening box, the mounting frame is slidably arranged on the supporting guide rod in a penetrating mode, the electromagnet is located below the supporting guide rod, and a metal collecting box is arranged below the electromagnet on one side of the conveyor belt.
By adopting the technical scheme, when a user needs to use the electromagnet to sort the metal materials, the hydraulic cylinder is started to enable the piston end of the hydraulic cylinder to contract to drive the mounting frame to move towards one end close to the hydraulic cylinder along the supporting guide rod, the electromagnet is located right above the conveyor belt, then the electromagnet is electrified, and the metal materials in the materials on the conveyor belt are adsorbed onto the electromagnet; after a certain time, the hydraulic cylinder is started to enable the piston end of the hydraulic cylinder to extend out to drive the mounting frame to move towards one end far away from the hydraulic cylinder along the supporting guide rod, the electromagnet is enabled to be located right above the metal collecting box, the electromagnet is powered off, metal materials adsorbed on the electromagnet are enabled to fall into the metal collecting box, and the electromagnetic metal collecting box is simple in principle, simple in structure and convenient to use.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the light separating device comprises a light sundry collecting box, the top of the light sundry collecting box is positioned under the discharging end of the conveyor belt and is provided with a feed hopper, the top of the inner wall of the light sundry collecting box is provided with a fan, one side of the light sundry collecting box opposite to the fan is provided with an outlet, and the side wall of the light sundry collecting box is positioned at the outlet and is provided with a funnel-shaped collecting cavity.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the material that conveys the conveyer belt discharge end drops in light debris collecting box through the feeder hopper, opens the fan, and when the material dropped to fan department in light debris collecting box, lighter impurity such as plastics, dregs of wood, scraps of paper was blown off from the exit, and heavier material such as gravel, stone directly drops and collects in light debris collecting box bottom, and the infundibulate collection chamber is convenient for the impurity gathering and discharges, and the principle is simple, convenient to use.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the light sundries collecting box is arranged outside the outlet and is detachably provided with a collecting cloth bag.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, collect the sack through detachable and collect the light impurity of sorting out, avoid causing secondary pollution after the direct discharge of light impurity, convenience of customers clears up.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: a dust suppression tent is arranged at the top of the screening box, and a spraying dust falling device is arranged at the top of the dust suppression tent.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, avoid screening the dust diffusion in the case and cause environmental pollution through pressing down the dirt covering or awning on a car, boat, etc. and spraying dust device's cooperation.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: and a rubber dust-blocking curtain is arranged at the discharge end of the discharge pipe and right above the conveyor belt.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, not only can shelter from the discharge end of discharging pipe through rubber fender dirt curtain, prevent that the dust in the screening case from leading to the fact environmental pollution from the discharge end outdiffusion of discharging pipe, material on the conveyer belt is when rubber fender dirt curtain in addition, and rubber fender dirt curtain can shakeout the material, and the metal material in the material is detached through the electro-magnet to convenient follow-up, improves metal material's rate of recovery in the material.
In summary, the invention includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the construction waste sorting device is simple in structure, can be used for screening construction waste for multiple times, can be used for crushing massive mixed materials, effectively recovers metals wrapped in concrete, improves the metal recovery rate, reduces the waste of the metals, can also be used for continuously screening the construction waste, and is high in treatment efficiency;
2. smaller materials fall from gaps between blades of adjacent screening conveying rollers, and larger materials are continuously conveyed towards the feed opening through the screening conveying rollers, so that the structure is simple, the use is convenient, and the arc-shaped blades can wind longer plastic ropes or larger plastic bags on the blades to primarily sort plastic light sundries;
3. the separated light impurities are collected through the detachable collecting cloth bag, so that secondary pollution caused by direct discharge of the light impurities is avoided, and convenience is brought to users to clean the light impurities;
4. can not only shelter from the discharge gate through rubber fender dirt curtain, prevent that the dust in the screening case from causing environmental pollution from the discharge gate outdiffusion, material on the conveyer belt is when rubber fender dirt curtain in addition, and rubber fender dirt curtain can shakeouts the material, and the metal material in the material is detached through the electro-magnet to the convenience follow-up, improves metal material's in the material recovery rate.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the screening box of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic illustration of the results of the bulk material screen roller set of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a portion of the structure of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the lightweight sundries collecting box of the invention.
In the figure, 1, a screening box; 11. a discharge port; 12. a rubber dust curtain; 14. a dust suppression tent; 15. a spraying dust-settling device; 2. a feed chute; 3. screening roller sets for large materials; 31. screening and conveying rollers; 311. a rotating shaft; 312. a rotating drum; 313. a blade; 32. a first motor; 33. a rotating shaft; 34. a drive bevel gear; 35. a driven bevel gear; 4. a feeding port; 5. a crushing device; 51. a baffle plate; 52. a crushing roller; 521. a central shaft; 522. a roller body; 523. crushing teeth; 53. a first pulley; 54. a second motor; 55. a second pulley; 56. a belt; 6. a vibratory screening device; 61. a trough body; 62. filtering with a screen; 63. a discharge pipe; 64. a spring; 65. a vibration motor; 7. a conveyor belt; 8. a mounting frame; 81. a drive device; 811. a hydraulic cylinder; 812. supporting the guide bar; 82. an electromagnet; 83. a metal collection box; 9. a light weight separation device; 91. a light sundry collecting box; 92. a feed hopper; 93. a fan; 94. an outlet; 95. a funnel-shaped material collecting cavity; 96. collecting the cloth bag.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figures 1 and 2, the construction waste recycling and sorting device disclosed by the invention comprises a screening box 1, a feeding groove 2 obliquely arranged above one side of the screening box 1 and a massive material screening roller group 3 arranged at the top of the screening box 1, wherein a discharging opening 4 is arranged between the massive material screening roller group 3 and the side wall of the screening box 1 far away from the feeding groove 2, a crushing device 5 is arranged in the screening box 1 under the discharging opening 4, a vibrating screening device 6 is arranged in the screening box 1 under the crushing device 5, a conveyor belt 7 is arranged under each discharging end of the vibrating screening device 6 in a one-to-one correspondence manner, a discharging opening 11 is arranged on the side wall of the screening box 1 corresponding to the conveyor belt 7, a mounting frame 8 is arranged on the outer wall of the screening box 1 above each conveyor belt 7 in a sliding manner, a driving device 81 for driving 8 to horizontally slide is arranged on the outer wall of the screening box 1, an electromagnet 82 is arranged on the mounting frame 8 towards the conveyor belt 7, a light separating device 9 is arranged below one end of each conveyor belt 7 far away from the vibrating screening device 6. Firstly, pouring the construction waste to be sorted into a feeding groove 2, and feeding through the feeding groove 2; secondly, primarily sorting the construction waste to be sorted under the action of the large material screening roller group 3, enabling smaller materials to fall from gaps of the large material screening roller group 3, and enabling larger materials to be conveyed towards the discharge opening 4 through the large material screening roller group 3; thirdly, the larger materials conveyed to the feed opening 4 fall into the crushing device 5 to be crushed, the crushed materials and the materials falling from the gap of the large material screening roller group 3 fall into the vibrating screening device 6, the materials are subdivided according to the material diameter through the vibrating screening device 6, and the screened materials are conveyed out of the screening box 1 through the conveying belt 7; then, when the materials conveyed on the conveyor belt 7 pass through the lower part of the mounting frame 8, the metal materials in the materials are sorted out through the electromagnet 82, the mounting frame 8 is periodically driven to slide through the driving device 81, the electromagnet 82 is not positioned right above the conveyor belt 7, the electromagnet 82 is powered off, the metal materials adsorbed on the electromagnet 82 fall off, and the collection by a user is facilitated; finally, after the materials are conveyed to the other end of the conveyor belt 7, light impurities such as plastics, wood residues, paper sheets and the like mixed in the materials are separated out through a light separating device 9. The whole device has simple structure and convenient use, can sieve the construction waste for a plurality of times, can crush massive mixed materials, effectively recover the metal wrapped in the concrete, improve the metal recovery rate, reduce the waste of the metal, and can sieve the construction waste continuously, and the treatment efficiency is high.
As shown in fig. 2, in order to prevent the dust in the screening box 1 from diffusing outwards to cause environmental pollution, a dust suppression canopy 14 is arranged at the top of the screening box 1, and a spraying dust-settling device 15 is arranged at the top of the dust suppression canopy 14; discharging pipe 63 exit end, be located and be provided with rubber fender dirt curtain 12 directly over conveyer belt 7, not only can shelter from discharging pipe 63 exit end through rubber fender dirt curtain 12, prevent that the dust in screening case 1 from leading to the fact environmental pollution from discharging pipe 63 exit end outdiffusion, and the material on the conveyer belt 7 is when rubber fender dirt curtain 12, rubber fender dirt curtain 12 can shakeout the material, the metal material in the material is detached through electro-magnet 82 to the convenience follow-up, improve the rate of recovery of metal material in the material.
As shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3, the massive material screening roller group 3 includes a plurality of screening transfer rollers 31 of parallel arrangement of each other, the rotation direction of each screening transfer roller 31 is the same, screening transfer roller 31 is including rotating the pivot 311 of connecting at screening case 1 lateral wall top, the coaxial rotary drum 312 that is provided with in pivot 311 outside, the outside even curved blade 313 that is equipped with of rotary drum 312, the lateral wall of screening case 1 is worn out to pivot 311 one end, screening case 1 outer wall one end is provided with first motor 32, the coaxial axis of rotation 33 that is provided with of output shaft tip of first motor 32, the coaxial even cover of axis of rotation 33 outside is equipped with a plurality of drive bevel gear 34, the coaxial driven bevel gear 35 with drive bevel gear 34 meshing that is provided with in the one end that screening case 1. Bold material screening roller set 3 is at the during operation, it makes its output shaft rotate to drive axis of rotation 33 and rotates to start first motor 32, axis of rotation 33 rotates and drives rather than coaxial drive bevel gear 34 and rotate, and drive pivot 311 through drive bevel gear 34 and rather than the driven bevel gear 35 of meshing and rotate, pivot 311 rotates and drives rotary drum 312 and blade 313 and rotate, less material drops from the gap between the blade 313 of adjacent screening transfer roller 31, great material is constantly conveyed to discharge gate 4 direction through screening transfer roller 31, and is simple structure, high durability and convenient use, and it can twine longer plastics rope or great plastic bag on blade 313 to be curved blade 313, carry out preliminary sorting to plastics class light debris.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the crushing device 5 includes a hopper disposed below the feed opening 4, the hopper is enclosed by two baffle plates 51 disposed below the feed opening 4 and the side wall of the screening box 1, two crushing rollers 52 parallel to each other are rotatably disposed at the bottom of the hopper, the crushing rollers 52 are parallel to the screening conveying roller 31, the rotating directions of the two crushing rollers 52 are opposite, each crushing roller 52 includes a central shaft 521 rotatably connected to the side wall of the screening box 1, a roller body 522 is coaxially disposed outside the central shaft 521, a plurality of crushing teeth 523 are uniformly disposed outside the roller body 522, one end of the central shaft 521 penetrates out of the side wall of the screening box 1, a first belt pulley 53 is coaxially disposed at the end of the central shaft 521 penetrating out of the side wall of the screening box 1, two second motors 54 are disposed outside the screening box 1, a second belt pulley 55 is coaxially disposed at the end of an output shaft of each second motor 54, and the diameter of the second belt pulley 55 is smaller than, the first pulley 53 and the second pulley 55 are connected by a belt 56. The reducing mechanism 5 during operation starts second motor 54 and makes its output shaft rotate and drive rather than coaxial second belt pulley 55 and rotate, drives first belt pulley 53 through belt 56 and rotates, and then drives crushing roller 52 and rotate, and crushing roller 52 rotates and carries out the breakage to the material through broken tooth 523, and the material that conveys feed opening 4 is on baffle 51 landing to the crushing roller 52 through the slope, and baffle 51 plays the effect of direction and stopping, simple structure, convenient to use.
As shown in fig. 2, the vibrating screen device 6 includes a tank body 61 obliquely arranged below the large material screen roller group 3, a filter screen 62 is arranged above a bottom plate of the tank body 61, discharge pipes 63 are arranged at end portions of the bottom plate of the tank body 61 and the filter screen 62 close to a discharge port 11, discharge ends of the discharge pipes 63 are staggered with each other, the discharge pipes 63 penetrate out of the discharge port 11, a plurality of springs 64 are arranged between the bottom of the tank body 61 and the bottom wall of the screening box 1, a vibrating motor 65 is arranged at the bottom of the tank body 61, after the material falls on the vibrating screen device 6, the vibrating motor 65 is started to vibrate the tank body 61 and the filter screen 62 to screen the material, the screened material is discharged through different discharge pipes 63, and falls on different conveyor belts 7 for transmission, the springs 64 play a role in supporting and damping.
As shown in fig. 5, the driving device 81 includes a hydraulic cylinder 811 arranged on the side wall of the screening box 1, the mounting frame 8 is fixedly arranged at the end part of the piston end of the hydraulic cylinder 811, a supporting guide bar 812 is arranged right above the conveyor belt 7 and in parallel with the side wall of the screening box 1, the mounting frame 8 is slidably arranged on the supporting guide bar 812 in a penetrating manner, the electromagnet 82 is arranged below the supporting guide bar 812, and the metal collecting box 83 is arranged below the electromagnet 82 on one side of the conveyor belt 7. When a user needs to use the electromagnet 82 to sort metal materials, the hydraulic cylinder 811 is started to enable the piston end of the hydraulic cylinder 811 to contract to drive the mounting rack 8 to move towards one end close to the hydraulic cylinder 811 along the supporting guide rod 812, the electromagnet 82 is enabled to be located right above the conveyor belt 7, then the electromagnet 82 is electrified, and the metal materials in the materials on the conveyor belt are adsorbed onto the electromagnet 82; after a certain time, start hydraulic cylinder 811 and make its piston end stretch out and drive mounting bracket 8 along supporting guide bar 812 to the one end motion of keeping away from hydraulic cylinder 811, make electro-magnet 82 be located directly over metal collecting box 83, cut off the power supply for electro-magnet 82, make the metal material that adsorbs on electro-magnet 82 drop in metal collecting box 83, the principle is simple, simple structure, convenient to use.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the light separating device 9 includes a light sundries collecting box 91, a feeding hopper 92 is disposed at the top of the light sundries collecting box 91 under the discharging end of the conveyor belt 7, a blower 93 is disposed at the top of an inner wall of the light sundries collecting box 91, an outlet 94 is disposed at one side of the light sundries collecting box 91 opposite to the blower 93, and a funnel-shaped collecting chamber 95 is disposed at the outlet 94 on the side wall of the light sundries collecting box 91. The material that conveys 7 discharge ends of conveyer belt drops in light debris collecting box 91 through feeder hopper 92, opens fan 93, and when the material dropped fan 93 department in light debris collecting box 91, lighter impurity such as plastics, dregs of wood, scraps of paper was blown off from export 94, and heavier material such as gravel, stone directly drops and collects in light debris collecting box 91 bottom, and funnel-shaped material chamber 95 is convenient for impurity gathering and discharges, and the principle is simple, convenient to use. In order to collect the separated light impurities and avoid secondary pollution caused by direct discharge of the light impurities, the light impurities are convenient for a user to clean, and a collecting cloth bag 96 is detachably arranged at the position, located at the outlet 94, outside the light impurities collecting box 91.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: when the building garbage recycling and sorting device is used, firstly, building garbage to be sorted is poured into the feeding groove 2, and the building garbage is fed through the feeding groove 2; secondly, primarily sorting the construction waste to be sorted under the action of the large material screening roller group 3, enabling smaller materials to fall from gaps of the large material screening roller group 3, and enabling larger materials to be conveyed towards the discharge opening 4 through the large material screening roller group 3; thirdly, the larger materials conveyed to the feed opening 4 fall into the crushing device 5 to be crushed, the crushed materials and the materials falling from the gap of the large material screening roller group 3 fall into the vibrating screening device 6, the materials are subdivided according to the material diameter through the vibrating screening device 6, and the screened materials are conveyed out of the screening box 1 through the conveying belt 7; then, when the materials conveyed on the conveyor belt 7 pass through the lower part of the mounting frame 8, the metal materials in the materials are sorted out through the electromagnet 82, the mounting frame 8 is periodically driven to slide through the driving device 81, the electromagnet 82 is not positioned right above the conveyor belt 7, the electromagnet 82 is powered off, the metal materials adsorbed on the electromagnet 82 fall off, and the collection by a user is facilitated; finally, after the materials are conveyed to the other end of the conveyor belt 7, light impurities such as plastics, wood residues, paper sheets and the like mixed in the materials are separated out through a light separating device 9.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited by these embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a sorting device is retrieved to construction waste which characterized in that: comprises a screening box (1), a feeding chute (2) obliquely arranged above one side of the screening box (1) and a large material screening roller set (3) arranged at the top of the screening box (1), wherein a feed opening (4) is arranged between the large material screening roller set (3) and the side wall of the screening box (1) far away from the feeding chute (2), a crushing device (5) is arranged in the screening box (1) under the feed opening (4), a vibration screening device (6) is arranged in the screening box (1) under the crushing device (5), conveyor belts (7) are correspondingly arranged below each discharge end of the vibration screening device (6) one by one, discharge openings (11) are correspondingly arranged on the side wall of the screening box (1) and the conveyor belts (7), a mounting frame (8) is slidably arranged on the outer wall of the screening box (1) above each conveyor belt (7), be equipped with drive mounting bracket (8) horizontal slip's drive arrangement (81) on screening case (1) outer wall, on mounting bracket (8) go to conveyer belt (7) are provided with electro-magnet (82), each conveyer belt (7) are kept away from the one end below of vibration screening device (6) all is provided with light separator (9).
2. The construction waste recycling and sorting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the massive material screening roller group (3) comprises a plurality of screening conveying rollers (31) which are arranged in parallel, the rotating directions of the screening conveying rollers (31) are the same, the screening and conveying roller (31) comprises a rotating shaft (311) which is rotatably connected to the top of the side wall of the screening box (1), a rotating drum (312) is coaxially arranged outside the rotating shaft (311), a plurality of arc-shaped blades (313) are uniformly arranged outside the rotating drum (312), one end of the rotating shaft (311) penetrates out of the side wall of the screening box (1), one end of the outer wall of the screening box (1) is provided with a first motor (32), the end part of the output shaft of the first motor (32) is coaxially provided with a rotating shaft (33), a plurality of driving bevel gears (34) are coaxially and uniformly sleeved outside the rotating shaft (33), one end of the rotating shaft (311) penetrating through the side wall of the screening box (1) is coaxially provided with a driven bevel gear (35) meshed with the driving bevel gear (34).
3. The construction waste recycling and sorting device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the crushing device (5) comprises a hopper arranged below the feed opening (4), the hopper is formed by enclosing two baffle plates (51) which are symmetrically and obliquely arranged below the feed opening (4) and the side wall of the screening box (1), two crushing rollers (52) which are parallel to each other are rotatably arranged at the bottom of the hopper, the crushing rollers (52) are parallel to the screening conveying roller (31), the rotating directions of the two crushing rollers (52) are opposite, each crushing roller (52) comprises a central shaft (521) which is rotatably connected to the side wall of the screening box (1), a roller body (522) is coaxially arranged outside the central shaft (521), a plurality of crushing teeth (523) are uniformly arranged outside the roller body (522), one end of the central shaft (521) penetrates out of the side wall of the screening box (1), and a first belt pulley (53) is coaxially arranged at the end part of the central shaft (521) which penetrates out of the side wall of the screening box (1), two second motors (54) are arranged outside the screening box (1), a second belt pulley (55) is coaxially arranged at the end part of an output shaft of each second motor (54), the diameter of each second belt pulley (55) is smaller than that of each first belt pulley (53), and the first belt pulleys (53) are connected with the second belt pulleys (55) through belts (56).
4. The construction waste recycling and sorting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: vibration screening device (6) set up cell body (61) in bold material screening roller set (3) below including the slope, the bottom plate top of cell body (61) is provided with filter screen (62), cell body (61) bottom plate reaches filter screen (62) are close to the tip of discharge gate (11) is provided with discharging pipe (63), each discharging pipe (63) discharge end staggers each other, discharging pipe (63) are followed discharge gate (11) department is worn out, cell body (61) bottom with be provided with a plurality of springs (64) between screening case (1) diapire, cell body (61) bottom is provided with vibrating motor (65).
5. The construction waste recycling and sorting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: drive arrangement (81) is including setting up pneumatic cylinder (811) at screening case (1) lateral wall, mounting bracket (8) are fixed to be set up the piston end tip of pneumatic cylinder (811), directly over conveyer belt (7) with screening case (1) lateral wall parallel arrangement has support guide bar (812), mounting bracket (8) slide and wear to establish support on guide bar (812), electro-magnet (82) are located support guide bar (812) below, conveyer belt (7) one side is located electro-magnet (82) below is provided with metal collecting box (83).
6. The construction waste recycling and sorting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the light separating device (9) comprises a light sundry collecting box (91), the top of the light sundry collecting box (91) is positioned under the discharging end of the conveyor belt (7) and is provided with a feed hopper (92), the top of one inner wall of the light sundry collecting box (91) is provided with a fan (93), one side, opposite to the fan (93), of the light sundry collecting box (91) is provided with an outlet (94), and the side wall of the light sundry collecting box (91) is positioned at the outlet (94) and is provided with a funnel-shaped collecting cavity (95).
7. The construction waste recycling and sorting device as claimed in claim 6, wherein: a collecting cloth bag (96) is detachably arranged outside the light sundries collecting box (91) at the outlet (94).
8. The construction waste recycling and sorting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a dust suppression tent (14) is arranged at the top of the screening box (1), and a spraying dust suppression device (15) is arranged at the top of the dust suppression tent (14).
9. The construction waste recycling and sorting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a rubber dust-blocking curtain (12) is arranged at the outlet end of the discharge pipe (63) and right above the conveyor belt (7).
CN202010463908.1A 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 Sorting device is retrieved to building rubbish Pending CN111545290A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN202010463908.1A CN111545290A (en) 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 Sorting device is retrieved to building rubbish

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010463908.1A CN111545290A (en) 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 Sorting device is retrieved to building rubbish

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111545290A true CN111545290A (en) 2020-08-18

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Country Link
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112317044A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-05 王子腾 Building environmental protection rubbish screening separator
CN112473974A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-03-12 安徽省无为市建筑安装总公司 Building construction rubbish reducing mechanism
CN112547198A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-26 郑林平 A deironing bits equipment for mechanical waste retrieves
CN112657605A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-16 深圳市宝安湾建筑废弃物循环利用有限公司 Crawler-type mobile crushing station for treating construction waste
CN112675949A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-04-20 王子腾 Garbage classification screening installation for refuse treatment
CN113368953A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-09-10 盐城盛州禾润再生资源有限公司 Building rubbish sorting device and building rubbish disposal system
CN113649143A (en) * 2021-07-31 2021-11-16 北京瑞辉如景科技有限公司 Concrete board refuse treatment recovery unit

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CN203292089U (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-11-20 许昌金科建筑清运有限公司 Fixed type construction waste light object separation device
EP3385452A1 (en) * 2017-04-05 2018-10-10 MTS Maschinentechnik Schrode AG Ground recycler with a blade housing
CN208679301U (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-04-02 张广静 A kind of civil engineering work waste treatment device
CN209810279U (en) * 2019-02-08 2019-12-20 郴州市金鼎矿山设备制造有限公司 Mineral aggregate screening equipment
CN209866316U (en) * 2019-03-11 2019-12-31 王爱月 Iron refuse treatment device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203292089U (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-11-20 许昌金科建筑清运有限公司 Fixed type construction waste light object separation device
EP3385452A1 (en) * 2017-04-05 2018-10-10 MTS Maschinentechnik Schrode AG Ground recycler with a blade housing
CN208679301U (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-04-02 张广静 A kind of civil engineering work waste treatment device
CN209810279U (en) * 2019-02-08 2019-12-20 郴州市金鼎矿山设备制造有限公司 Mineral aggregate screening equipment
CN209866316U (en) * 2019-03-11 2019-12-31 王爱月 Iron refuse treatment device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112473974A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-03-12 安徽省无为市建筑安装总公司 Building construction rubbish reducing mechanism
CN112317044A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-05 王子腾 Building environmental protection rubbish screening separator
CN112675949A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-04-20 王子腾 Garbage classification screening installation for refuse treatment
CN112547198A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-26 郑林平 A deironing bits equipment for mechanical waste retrieves
CN112657605A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-16 深圳市宝安湾建筑废弃物循环利用有限公司 Crawler-type mobile crushing station for treating construction waste
CN113368953A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-09-10 盐城盛州禾润再生资源有限公司 Building rubbish sorting device and building rubbish disposal system
CN113649143A (en) * 2021-07-31 2021-11-16 北京瑞辉如景科技有限公司 Concrete board refuse treatment recovery unit

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Application publication date: 20200818

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