CN111480530A - Method for interplanting passion fruit in betel nut orchard - Google Patents

Method for interplanting passion fruit in betel nut orchard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111480530A
CN111480530A CN202010398078.9A CN202010398078A CN111480530A CN 111480530 A CN111480530 A CN 111480530A CN 202010398078 A CN202010398078 A CN 202010398078A CN 111480530 A CN111480530 A CN 111480530A
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tendrils
plant
stage
vine
passion fruit
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范鸿雁
胡福初
张治礼
芮凯
赵亚
陈哲
李向宏
陈兵
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Tropical Fruit Research Institute Hainan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Tropical Fruit Research Institute Hainan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/12Supports for plants; Trellis for strawberries or the like

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for interplanting passion fruits in an areca orchard, which comprises the following steps: 1) selecting land, 2) preparing land, 3) digging holes, 4) planting, 5) building a shed, 6) managing soil, 7) fertilizing, 8) managing water, 9) managing flowers and fruits, 10) shaping and trimming, 11) performing auxiliary pollination, and 12) harvesting. The method can effectively improve the land equivalence ratio, improve the intercropping growth rate, effectively improve the land utilization rate and integrally reduce the planting cost.

Description

Method for interplanting passion fruit in betel nut orchard
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of passion fruit planting, in particular to a method for interplanting passion fruit in an areca orchard.
Background
When the conventional passion fruit is directly planted on the open ground, a particularly high-quality ground needs to be selected, a support needs to be arranged on the ground for the passion fruit to climb vines to result, the management cost is relatively high, the yield of possible planting is not high for the ground with general soil conditions, higher planting cost is required overall, and the batch planting is not facilitated.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the invention provides a method for interplanting passion fruit in an areca orchard, which solves the technical problem of high cost of the existing planting method.
The technical means adopted by the invention are as follows: a method for interplanting passion fruits in an areca orchard comprises the following steps:
1) selecting land: selecting a betel nut garden planted for 6-8 years.
2) Land preparation: ridging the areca seed garden along the north-south direction, wherein the height of each ridge is 40-50 cm, the width of each ridge is 80-90 cm, and aerial roots of the areca seeds are covered in the ridges.
3) Digging holes: digging planting holes on the ridges, wherein the length, the width and the depth of the planting holes are 40-50 cm, 40-50 cm and 50-60 cm respectively, and applying fertilizer into the planting holes.
4) Planting: planting passion fruit seedlings in planting holes, filling soil, compacting, watering root fixing water, planting 2-3 passion fruit seedlings between every two areca nuts, wherein the filling soil is 20-30 cm higher than the original ground and forms a tree disc with the diameter of 40-60 cm.
5) Building a shed: a door-shaped frame or a vertical curtain-shaped frame is built by taking the betelnut as a bracket.
6) Soil management: soil loosening and weeding are carried out on the soil regularly.
7) Fertilization management: fertilizing according to different growth periods of the passion fruit seedlings in the following mode.
a) After the newly planted nursery stock survives, when the sprout is extracted, 0.5 kg-1 kg of urea solution with the concentration of 0.3% -0.5% is sprayed on each nursery stock for 1 time at intervals of 7-10 days, and the spraying is continuously carried out for 3-4 times.
b) When the height of the seedling is 60-80 cm, fertilizing furrows are arranged 20-25 cm away from the base of the plant, and 0.1-0.3 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer is applied to each plant.
c) After the vine is put on the shelf, fertilizing furrows are arranged at positions 25-30 cm away from the base of the plant, and 0.2-0.4 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer is applied to each plant.
d) When the seedlings are 100-120 cm high, a multi-point fertilizer application hole is formed at a position 30-35 cm away from the plant base, and 0.25-0.45 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.25-0.45 kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant.
e) When the third-level tendrils grow to 80-100 cm, a multi-point fertilizing hole is formed at a position 30-35 cm away from the plant base, and 0.75-0.9 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.2-0.4 kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant.
f) When the first batch of small fruits are fruited, a multi-point fertilizer application hole is formed at a position 30-35 cm away from the base of each plant, and 0.5-0.6 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.2-0.4 kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant.
g) And (3) performing topdressing outside roots in a bud period and a young fruit period, and spraying 60-65 kg of 0.2% boric acid and 0.3% monopotassium phosphate liquid fertilizer for 1 time each mu.
8) Water content management: and (3) continuously drought for more than 20 days or orchard soil water holding capacity for more than 60 percent, irrigating, accumulating water in rainy seasons or orchards, and draining.
9) Flower and fruit management: disease infection, insect damage, dysplasia and local over-dense inflorescence are removed in the full-bloom stage.
10) Shaping and trimming: after the seedlings are planted and survive, 1-2 main vines are left to be put on a shelf, and excessive lateral branches are cut off;
11) and (3) supplementary pollination: artificial pollination is carried out after the passion fruit blooms.
12) Harvesting: and harvesting after the fruits are ripe.
Preferably, in the step 3), the fertilizer comprises the following components in parts by weight:
100-150 parts of decomposed farmyard manure, 5-10 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer, 2-5 parts of agricultural magnesium sulfate and 5-10 parts of lime.
Preferably, in step 5), the method for building the portal frame is as follows:
the betel nut plants are taken as upright post materials, transversely alternate frame lines are pulled above every other row, transversely and vertically alternate frame lines are pulled between adjacent betel nuts in the same row, and the frame lines are pulled by iron wires, thin steel wires or high-strength nylon wires with the thickness of 2.5-3.0 mm.
Preferably, in step 5), the drapery frame is built up as follows:
the betel nut plants are used as upright column materials, frame lines which are alternated horizontally and vertically are drawn between adjacent betel nuts in the same row, and the frame lines are drawn by adopting 2.5-3.0 mm iron wires, thin steel wires or high-strength nylon wires.
Preferably, in step 10), the method of the specific plastic pruning is as follows:
the main trunk of one seedling is 80-100 cm long, 3 first-stage tendrils are reserved on the upper portion of the main trunk, the length of the first-stage tendrils is 50-80 cm, 2-3 second-stage tendrils are reserved on the first-stage tendrils, the length of the second-stage tendrils is 80-120 cm, the third-stage tendrils are extracted to form fruiting tendrils, two adjacent seedling trunks of the seedling are 180-200 cm long, 3 first-stage tendrils are reserved on the upper portion of the main trunk of the seedling, the length of the first-stage tendrils is 50-80 cm, 2-3 second-stage tendrils are reserved on; and when the trunk is as high as 150-180 cm, retracting 2 leaves to pick up the core, retracting 1-2 leaves to pick up the core when the second-level vine and the first-level vine reach 150-160 cm, reserving 1 second-level vine on the first-level vine every 20-25 cm, reserving 1 third-level vine on the second-level vine every 20-25 cm, and using the third-level vine as a fruiting mother branch.
Compared with the existing method for planting passion fruit by single crop, the method has the following advantages:
1. the building is convenient and easy, the material is saved, and the cost is lower.
2. Ventilation and light transmission are realized, plant diseases and insect pests are reduced, and epidemic diseases are easy to control.
3. Easy field management, high yield, good quality and quick maturity.
4. Can improve the land utilization rate and make full use of the space.
5. The daylighting is good, the passion fruit needs a large amount of daylighting, the fruit is good in length, the yield is higher by 15% -25%, the vine is prevented from growing excessively naturally, and heavy seeds are easy to cut. For the passion fruit planted in the door-shaped frame, branches are developed in a balanced manner, sunlight can directly irradiate all the leaves of the fruit and the ground, the ventilation property is good, and plant diseases and insect pests are reduced.
6. The production cost is reduced, 80 yuan per root of each mu of upright post is planted conventionally, 133 yuan per root of × 80 yuan is 10640 yuan, and nearly ten thousand yuan is saved by replacing each seedling of the upright post with betel nut stems.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a portal frame used in the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the drapery frame used in the present invention.
Detailed Description
The principles and features of this invention are described below in conjunction with examples which are set forth to illustrate, but are not to be construed to limit the scope of the invention.
A method for interplanting passion fruits in an areca orchard comprises the following specific implementation steps:
1) land selection
And (3) selecting the areca garden with 6-8 years of permanent planting, which has good ecological conditions, convenient irrigation and drainage and convenient traffic. Selecting a gentle slope land which is leeward and sunny, has an altitude of below 600m and has a slope of below 20 degrees; the land is selected to be a section which is not flooded by water and has good drainage. The soil is sandy loam rich in organic matters and having a pH of 5.5-6.5. The climate condition is preferably 20-30 ℃, the average temperature of the lowest month is not lower than-2 ℃, the annual sunshine time is more than 1800 hours, and the rainfall is between 1000 mm-1500 mm. The planning of roads, irrigation and drainage systems and production areas can be carried out according to the conditions of nature, production conditions and planting modes of the areca catechu.
2) Soil preparation
The flat land and the land blocks with the gradient less than 10 degrees are planted along the areca nut rows in the south-north row direction in a ridging mode, the sloping fields with the gradient more than or equal to 10 degrees are planted along the areca nut rows in the south-north row direction in an equal-height ridging mode, the ridge surfaces are integrated into a turtle back shape, the ridges are 40-50 cm high and 80-90 cm wide, and the areca nut aerial roots are covered in the ridges.
3) Digging hole
Digging planting holes on the ridge by using a hole digging tool, wherein the length, the width and the depth of the planting holes are respectively 40-50 cm, 40-50 cm and 50-60 cm, generally 0.4m × 0.4, 0.4m × 0.5.5 m is selected, fertilizer is applied to the planting holes, 10-15 kg of thoroughly decomposed farmyard manure, 0.5kg of calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer, 0.2kg of agricultural magnesium sulfate and 0.5kg of lime which are fully and uniformly mixed with soil are applied to each hole 15 days before planting after hole digging.
4) Planting
Planting passion fruit seedlings in planting holes, filling soil, compacting, watering root fixing water, planting 2-3 passion fruit seedlings between every two areca nuts, wherein the filling soil is 20-30 cm higher than the original ground and forms a tree disc with the diameter of 40-60 cm; selecting pure passion fruit varieties with good high yield, strong shade resistance and strong stress resistance, wherein the variety used is Tainong passion fruit, and the high-quality healthy seedlings qualified by quarantine are adopted, have developed root systems and more than 20cm high and have 3-5 complete leaves. The planting period is selected from 3-4 months (spring planting) or 6-8 months (autumn planting).
5) Building shed
The betelnut is used as a support, a door-shaped frame or a vertical curtain-shaped frame is built, and the implementation methods of the two frame types are specifically explained below.
a) Door-shaped frame
For a betel palm garden with a row spacing of 2m × 3m, as shown in fig. 1, betel palm plants are taken as upright column materials, transversely alternate frame lines are pulled between two rows of betel palm trees above every other row, and transversely and vertically alternate frame lines are pulled between adjacent betel palm trees in the same row, the frame height is 1.8m, the frame lines are drawn by using iron wires, thin steel wires or high-strength nylon wires with the length of 2.5-3.0 mm, the whole frame lines are alternately arranged to serve as a plant climbing net, the whole portal frame is a horizontal plane with a certain height, in general, a row is left in the space between two rows of betel palms to serve as an operation row, and in case of the portal frame, if 3 passion fruit seedlings are planted between every two betel palm seedlings, about 210 passion fruit seedlings are planted per mu, and if 2 passion fruit seedlings are planted between every two betel palms, about 110 passion fruit seedlings per mu are planted.
b) Hanging curtain type rack
For a betel palm garden with a row spacing of 2m × 2.5.5 m, as shown in fig. 2, betel palm plants are stand column materials, frame lines which are alternated horizontally and vertically are drawn between adjacent betel palm trees in the same row, the frame lines are erected at 90-180 cm in height, the frame lines are drawn by using iron wires, thin steel wires or high-strength nylon wires with the thickness of 2.5-3.0 mm, the whole frame lines are planes with a certain height in the vertical direction, namely plant climbing nets, one row is left for every eleven betel palms (the total length is about 20 m), operation between the rows is convenient, for a vertical curtain-shaped frame, if 3 betel palm seedlings are planted between every two betel palm trees, 252 passion fruit seedlings are planted per mu approximately, and if 2 passion fruit seedlings are planted between every two betel palm trees, 133 passion fruit seedlings are planted per mu approximately.
6) Soil management
Soil loosening and weeding are carried out on the soil regularly, and particularly, the soil is loosened frequently within the range of the tree tray, so that the soil is loosened and ventilated, and the growth of weeds is reduced. After planting, the tree tray is planted, and the tree tray can be covered by weeds, crop straws or films, so that the effects of heat preservation and moisture preservation are achieved. After rains in summer and autumn, intertillage and shallow hoeing can be carried out on the orchard, and the depth is 5-10 cm. The intertillage is carried out in combination with weeding, the times depend on the growth condition of weeds, and the intertillage is generally carried out for 2-3 times before the fruit rapidly increases and drops to the time after the fruit is picked.
7) Fertilization management
Fertilizing according to different growth periods of the passion fruit seedlings in the following modes:
a) after the newly planted nursery stock survives, when a sprout is extracted, 0.5-1 kg of urea solution with the concentration of 0.3-0.5% is sprayed on each nursery stock for 3 times at intervals of 7d for 1 time.
b) When the height of the seedling is 60 cm-80 cm, a fertilizing ditch is formed at a position 25cm away from the plant base, the width of the fertilizing ditch is 18-20 cm, the depth of the fertilizing ditch is 12-15 cm, 0.1kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer is applied to each plant, and the potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer is a potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer with the weight ratio of 15:15: 15.
c) After the vine is erected, fertilizing furrows are formed at positions 30cm away from the base of the vine, the width of each fertilizing furrow is 18-20 cm, the depth of each fertilizing furrow is 12-15 cm, and 0.2kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer is applied to each vine at a ratio of 15:15: 15.
d) When the seedlings are 100cm high, a multi-point fertilizing hole is formed at a position 35cm away from the plant base, the width of the fertilizing hole is 18-20 cm, the depth of the fertilizing hole is 20-25 cm, 0.25kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.25kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant in a ratio of 15:15: 15.
e) When the third-level tendrils grow to 80-100 cm, a multi-point fertilizing hole is formed at a position 30cm away from the plant base, the width of the fertilizing hole is 18-20 cm, the depth of the fertilizing hole is 20-25 cm, and 0.75kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.2kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant in a ratio of 15:15: 15.
f) When the first batch of small fruits are fruited, a plurality of fertilizing holes are formed at the position 30cm away from the base of the plant, the width of each fertilizing hole is 30-35 cm, the depth of each fertilizing hole is 20-25 cm, and 0.5kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.2kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant in a ratio of 15:15: 15.
g) And (3) carrying out topdressing outside roots in the bud period and the young fruit period, and spraying 60kg of 0.2% boric acid and 0.3% monopotassium phosphate liquid fertilizer for each mu for 1 time.
8) Moisture management
And (3) continuously drought for more than 20 days or orchard soil water holding capacity for more than 60 percent, irrigating, accumulating water in rainy seasons or orchards, and draining.
9) Flower and fruit management
Disease infection, insect damage, dysplasia and local over-dense inflorescence are removed in the full-bloom stage.
10) Pruning and pruning
After the seedlings are planted and survive, leaving 1-2 main vines for shelving, cutting off excessive lateral branches, after the seedlings are planted and survive, leaving 80-100 cm of trunk of one seedling, leaving 3 first-level vines on the upper part, leaving 50-80 cm of length of the first-level vines, leaving 2-3 second-level vines on the first-level vines, leaving 80-120 cm of length of the second-level vines, and growing the third-level vines into fruiting vines, leaving 180-200 cm of length of the trunk of two adjacent seedlings of the seedling, leaving 3 first-level vines on the upper part, leaving 50-80 cm of length of the first-level vines, leaving 2-3 second-level vines on the first-level vines, leaving 80-120 cm of length of the second-level vines, and; and when the trunk is as high as 150-180 cm, retracting 2 leaves to pick up the core, retracting 1-2 leaves to pick up the core when the second-level vine and the first-level vine reach 150-160 cm, reserving 1 second-level vine on the first-level vine every 20-25 cm, reserving 1 third-level vine on the second-level vine every 20-25 cm, and using the third-level vine as a fruiting mother branch.
11) And (3) supplementary pollination: artificial pollination is carried out after the passion fruit blooms. The passion fruit blooms around 11 am every day, artificial pollination is carried out in time after blooming, and pollination is completed before 4 pm. The artificial pollination can adopt the following two methods: a. uniformly smearing pollen on three column heads of the pistil by using a writing brush; b. collecting anther with tweezers, placing into a clean cup, adding water to dissolve pollen in water, and spraying the pollen water onto pistil stigma with a sprayer. The seed setting rate can be improved by carrying out artificial pollination.
12) Harvesting: and harvesting after the fruits are ripe. The fruit is normally ripe and shows the quality characteristics inherent in the passion fruit, such as: color, aroma, flavor, taste and the like, and can be harvested. Generally, the fruits turn yellow and are harvested with slight fragrance 10 days before dropping, and fresh dropped fruits can also be harvested on the ground.
Compared with the existing method for planting passion fruit by single crop, the method has the following advantages:
1. the building is convenient and easy, the material is saved, and the cost is lower.
2. Ventilation and light transmission are realized, plant diseases and insect pests are reduced, and epidemic diseases are easy to control.
3. Easy field management, high yield, good quality and quick maturity.
4. Can improve the land utilization rate and make full use of the space.
5. The daylighting is good, the passion fruit needs a large amount of daylighting, the fruit is good in length, the yield is higher by 15% -25%, the vine is prevented from growing excessively naturally, and heavy seeds are easy to cut. For the passion fruit planted in the door-shaped frame, branches are developed in a balanced manner, sunlight can directly irradiate all the leaves of the fruit and the ground, the ventilation property is good, and plant diseases and insect pests are reduced.
6. The production cost is reduced, 80 Yuan/root of the upright posts per mu are planted conventionally, 133 Yuan × 80 Yuan/root is 10640 Yuan, and nearly ten thousand Yuan is saved by adopting the areca-nut trees to replace the upright posts per seedling.
The method for interplanting passion fruit in the areca orchard is adopted for planting, and the number of different areca nuts and passion fruit plants planted in one year and the average yield of different planting frames are counted; meanwhile, the average yield of different plants and different planting frames in one year is counted in a comparison mode of single-crop betel nut and passion fruit, and the average yield is shown in table 1.
TABLE 1 comparison of yield between the Single and intercropping modes
Figure BDA0002488405740000081
As can be seen from table 1, compared with the method for interplanting passion fruit in an areca orchard, the average yield of areca is equivalent, but the yield of passion fruit is improved, so that the land equivalence ratio can be effectively improved after intercropping, the intercropping growth rate is improved, the land utilization rate is effectively improved, and the planting cost is integrally reduced. Nutrients of different soil layers can be utilized by interplanting areca nuts and passion fruits with different root systems, the utilization rate of soil nutrients is improved, the excessive growth of passion fruit vines and the incidence rate of plant diseases and insect pests are reduced, the yield of the passion fruits in unit area in intercropping is improved, the seeds are short in length, and the planting economic benefit is improved.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The method for interplanting passion fruits in the areca orchard is characterized by comprising the following steps:
1) selecting land: selecting a betel nut garden planted for 6-8 years;
2) land preparation: ridging the areca seed garden along the north-south direction, wherein the ridge height is 40-50 cm, the ridge width is 80-90 cm, and aerial roots of the areca seeds are covered in the ridge;
3) digging holes: digging planting holes on the ridges, wherein the length, the width and the depth of the planting holes are 40-50 cm, 40-50 cm and 50-60 cm respectively, and applying fertilizer into the planting holes;
4) planting: planting passion fruit seedlings in planting holes, filling soil, compacting, watering root fixing water, planting 2-3 passion fruit seedlings between every two areca nuts, wherein the filling soil is 20-30 cm higher than the original ground and forms a tree disc with the diameter of 40-60 cm;
5) building a shed: building a door-shaped frame or a vertical curtain-shaped frame by taking the betelnut as a bracket;
6) soil management: loosening soil and weeding are carried out on soil regularly;
7) fertilization management: fertilizing according to different growth periods of the passion fruit seedlings in the following modes:
a) after the newly planted nursery stock survives, when a sprout is extracted, 0.5 kg-1 kg of 0.3% -0.5% urea solution is sprayed on each nursery stock for 1 time at intervals of 7-10 days, and 3-4 times of continuous spraying is carried out;
b) when the seedlings are 60-80 cm high, fertilizing furrows are arranged 20-25 cm away from the plant base, and 0.1-0.3 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer is applied to each plant;
c) after the vine is erected, fertilizing furrows are arranged 25-30 cm away from the base of the plant, and 0.2-0.4 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer is applied to each plant;
d) when the seedlings are 100-120 cm high, a multi-point fertilizer application hole is formed at a position 30-35 cm away from the plant base, and 0.25-0.45 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.25-0.45 kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant;
e) when the third-level tendrils grow to 80-100 cm, a multi-point fertilizing hole is formed at a position 30-35 cm away from the plant base, and 0.75-0.9 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.2-0.4 kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant;
f) when the first batch of small fruits are fruited, a multi-point fertilizer application hole is formed at a position 30-35 cm away from the base of each plant, and 0.5-0.6 kg of potassium sulfate type compound fertilizer and 0.2-0.4 kg of 50% potassium sulfate are applied to each plant;
g) carrying out topdressing outside roots in the bud period and the young fruit period, and spraying 60-65 kg of 0.2% boric acid and 0.3% monopotassium phosphate liquid fertilizer for 1 time each mu;
8) water content management: continuously drought for more than 20 days or orchard soil water holding capacity for more than 60 percent, irrigation is carried out, water is accumulated in rainy seasons or orchards, and water drainage is carried out;
9) flower and fruit management: disease infection, insect damage, dysplasia and local over-dense inflorescence are removed in the full-bloom stage;
10) shaping and trimming: after the seedlings are planted and survive, 1-2 main vines are left to be put on a shelf, and excessive lateral branches are cut off;
11) and (3) supplementary pollination: artificially pollinating passion fruits after blooming;
12) harvesting: and harvesting after the fruits are ripe.
2. The method for interplanting passion fruit in an areca orchard according to claim 1, wherein in the step 3), the fertilizer comprises the following components in parts by weight:
100-150 parts of decomposed farmyard manure, 5-10 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer, 2-5 parts of agricultural magnesium sulfate and 5-10 parts of lime.
3. The method for interplanting passion fruit in an areca orchard according to claim 1, wherein in the step 5), the method for building the portal frame is as follows:
the betel nut plants are taken as upright post materials, transversely alternate frame lines are pulled above every other row, transversely and vertically alternate frame lines are pulled between adjacent betel nuts in the same row, and the frame lines are pulled by iron wires, thin steel wires or high-strength nylon wires with the thickness of 2.5-3.0 mm.
4. The method for interplanting passion fruit in an areca orchard according to claim 1, wherein in the step 5), the curtain-shaped frame is constructed as follows:
the betel nut plants are used as upright column materials, frame lines which are alternated horizontally and vertically are drawn between adjacent betel nuts in the same row, and the frame lines are drawn by adopting 2.5-3.0 mm iron wires, thin steel wires or high-strength nylon wires.
5. The method for interplanting passion fruit in betel palm orchard according to claim 3 or 4, wherein in the step 10), the specific shaping and pruning method is as follows:
the main trunk of one seedling is 80-100 cm long, 3 first-stage tendrils are reserved on the upper portion of the main trunk, the length of the first-stage tendrils is 50-80 cm, 2-3 second-stage tendrils are reserved on the first-stage tendrils, the length of the second-stage tendrils is 80-120 cm, the third-stage tendrils are extracted to form fruiting tendrils, two adjacent seedling trunks of the seedling are 180-200 cm long, 3 first-stage tendrils are reserved on the upper portion of the main trunk of the seedling, the length of the first-stage tendrils is 50-80 cm, 2-3 second-stage tendrils are reserved on; and when the trunk is as high as 150-180 cm, retracting 2 leaves to pick up the core, retracting 1-2 leaves to pick up the core when the second-level vine and the first-level vine reach 150-160 cm, reserving 1 second-level vine on the first-level vine every 20-25 cm, reserving 1 third-level vine on the second-level vine every 20-25 cm, and using the third-level vine as a fruiting mother branch.
CN202010398078.9A 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 Method for interplanting passion fruit in betel nut orchard Pending CN111480530A (en)

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CN112449970A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-03-09 海南省农业科学院热带果树研究所 Betel nut and flat-support peanut intercropping method
CN113728883A (en) * 2021-08-23 2021-12-03 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Trellis type cultivation method for passion fruit net surface
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