CN111172946B - Slope protection net for hydraulic engineering - Google Patents

Slope protection net for hydraulic engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111172946B
CN111172946B CN202010091304.9A CN202010091304A CN111172946B CN 111172946 B CN111172946 B CN 111172946B CN 202010091304 A CN202010091304 A CN 202010091304A CN 111172946 B CN111172946 B CN 111172946B
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Prior art keywords
slope protection
protection net
bonded
hydraulic engineering
contact piece
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CN111172946A (en
Inventor
钱虔
徐栋
毛前
金世伟
汤晨阳
李胜
陈斌
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Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Ocean & Marine Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Revetment (AREA)

Abstract

The invention aims to solve the problem of poor protective performance of the conventional slope protection net, and discloses a slope protection net for hydraulic engineering, which comprises a base and the slope protection net, wherein an air pump is arranged on the slope protection net, air bags are uniformly connected to the surface of the slope protection net, holes with the aperture of 0.5-0.8mm are formed in the surfaces of the air bags, a guide pipe is communicated between the air bags, a support frame is bonded to the left side of the upper surface of the base, a guide cylinder is bonded to the middle part of the upper surface of the base, a positioning rod is bonded between the guide cylinder and the support frame, a lantern ring is bonded to the upper end of the right side surface of the support frame, and a second contact piece is. The invention reasonably utilizes the first contact block, the second contact block, the first contact piece and the second contact piece to realize automatic control of the air pump, utilizes the air pump to inflate the air bag, further adds a protective layer on the basis of the prior protective net to strengthen the protection of the side slope, and has reasonable design, convenient operation, safety and reliability.

Description

Slope protection net for hydraulic engineering
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of slope protection nets, in particular to a slope protection net for hydraulic engineering.
Background
The slope protection net is made of high-quality low-carbon steel wires, and the net is firm in structure and flat in surface. The concrete is widely used for slope support, roadbed reinforcement, gunite hanging net, foundation pit support, mountain rock surface hanging net gunite, slope vegetation (greening), agricultural building and building industry, reinforcement, protection, floor concrete slab reinforcement, poultry fence, fishpond fence, child playground fence, home decoration and the like. Wherein, heavy hexagonal net can be used to: 1. controlling and directing rivers and floods; 2. flood discharge dams and flood diversion dams; 3. protecting rock collapse; 4. protecting a bridge; 5. a surface soil structure; 6. seaside defense engineering; 7. carrying out port work; 8. a retaining wall; 9. and (5) road protection.
Especially, can set up the slope protection net on hydraulic engineering protects the bank, use the slope protection net can protect the side slope, but when raining appears, the slope protection net can make the rainwater pass through equally, especially to some soil side slopes, can erode the side slope, cause soil erosion, also can make the earth flow to river after the erodeing simultaneously, long-time piling up also causes the influence to the river environment in the water conservancy, and generally can plant green plant on the side slope, when strong wind appears, current slope protection net can not effectively protect green plant on the side slope, the object that scrapes around also making simultaneously easily causes the damage to the bank protection, influence the protection of slope protection net, consequently, the not enough of prior art is solved with slope protection net to the urgent need design a hydraulic engineering.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides a slope protection net for hydraulic engineering.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a slope protection net for hydraulic engineering comprises a base and a slope protection net, wherein an air pump is arranged on the slope protection net, air bags are uniformly connected to the surface of the slope protection net, holes with the aperture of 0.5-0.8mm are formed in the surface of each air bag, a guide pipe is communicated between the air bags, a support frame is bonded to the left side of the upper surface of the base, a guide cylinder is bonded to the middle of the upper surface of the base, a positioning rod is bonded between the guide cylinder and the support frame, a lantern ring is bonded to the upper end of the right side surface of the support frame, second contact pieces are symmetrically bonded to the inside of the lantern ring, a second contact block is bonded to the bottom surface inside the guide cylinder, a sliding pipe is inserted into the top surface of the guide cylinder, a sliding plate is bonded to the lower end of the sliding pipe, a first contact block is bonded to the lower surface of the sliding plate, a second spiral spring, the water containing tray is installed on the top end of the sliding pipe, the connecting rod is fastened to the right side face of the sliding pipe through screws, a swing ball is bonded to the right end of the connecting rod, a first spiral spring is connected between the sliding pipe and the right side face of the guide cylinder, and a wire is connected between the second contact block and the air pump.
Preferably, the gasbag is made of rubber materials and is bonded with the slope protection net, the gasbag is communicated with the catheter, and the catheter is made of rubber materials.
Preferably, a hose is communicated between the air outlet end of the air pump and one of the air bags.
Preferably, the pendulum ball is of a ball structure made of foam materials.
Preferably, the inner diameter of the lantern ring is equal to the diameter of the sliding pipe, and the top end of the guide cylinder is provided with a hole for the sliding pipe to slide.
Preferably, the first contact piece, the second contact piece, the first contact block and the second contact block are all made of copper materials, a circuit board is arranged in the base and is respectively communicated with the first contact block and the first contact piece, the circuit board is externally connected with a nearby power supply, and the second contact block and the second contact piece are respectively connected with the air pump.
Preferably, the gravity of the water tray after being filled with water is greater than the elastic force of the second spiral spring.
Preferably, the water containing disc is not communicated with the sliding pipe, and the lower surface of the water containing disc is provided with a hole with the aperture of 1-2 mm.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the small air bags are additionally arranged on the basis of the traditional slope protection net, the small air bags can form a protective layer through the inflation of the air pump, and the protective layer is formed outside the slope protection, so that the protective layer is convenient for protecting the slope protection and has a protective type compared with the existing slope protection net;
2. through the arrangement of the water containing disc, the first contact block is in contact with the second contact block by using the weight of rainwater in heavy rain, so that the automatic control of the air pump is realized, the outside of the slope protection is shielded and protected in rain, the water and soil loss is avoided, and the side slope is effectively protected in an enhanced manner;
3. the arrangement of the swing ball can realize the detection of wind power, when strong wind occurs and the wind power is larger than the elastic force of the first spiral spring, the sliding pipe can rotate circumferentially, so that the first contact piece is contacted with the second contact piece, the automatic control of the air pump is realized, the air bag is automatically opened when the strong wind occurs, the air bag is used for realizing the effective protection of the side slope, a protective layer is formed, and the protective effect of the protective slope is improved;
4. the small through holes are formed in the air bag, after the air bag is inflated and expanded, the air bag can be automatically deflated along with rain stop and wind stop, the protective net is restored to be a protective net with the existing structure, the protective layer is opened only when heavy rain and wind are blown, energy is saved, and meanwhile, high-efficiency protection of the hydraulic engineering revetment can be realized;
5. the invention reasonably utilizes the first contact block, the second contact block, the first contact piece and the second contact piece to realize automatic control of the air pump, utilizes the air pump to inflate the air bag, further adds a protective layer on the basis of the prior protective net to strengthen the protection of the side slope, and has reasonable design, convenient operation, safety and reliability.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a top view of the collar of the present invention mated with a second contact pad.
Description of reference numerals: 1. the device comprises a guide pipe, 2, an air bag, 3, a slope protection net, 4, an air pump, 5, a water containing disc, 6, a sliding pipe, 7, a connecting rod, 8, a swinging ball, 9, a first contact piece, 10, a second contact piece, 11, a lantern ring, 12, a first spiral spring, 13, a second spiral spring, 14, a sliding plate, 15, a first contact block, 16, a guide cylinder, 17, a base, 18, a second contact block, 19, a positioning rod, 20, a support frame, 21 and a guide wire.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a slope protection net for hydraulic engineering comprises a base 17 and a slope protection net 3, wherein an air pump 4 is arranged on the slope protection net 3, air bags 2 are uniformly connected to the surface of the slope protection net 3, holes with the aperture of 0.5-0.8mm are formed in the surfaces of the air bags 2, a guide pipe 1 is communicated between the air bags 2, a support frame 20 is bonded on the left side of the upper surface of the base 17, a guide cylinder 16 is bonded in the middle of the upper surface of the base 17, a positioning rod 19 is bonded between the guide cylinder 16 and the support frame 20, a lantern ring 11 is bonded at the upper end of the right side surface of the support frame 20, a second contact block 10 is symmetrically bonded inside the lantern ring 11, a second contact block 18 is bonded on the bottom surface inside the guide cylinder 16, a slide pipe 6 is inserted in the top surface of the guide cylinder 16, a slide plate 14 is bonded at the lower end of the slide pipe 6, a first contact block 15 is bonded on the lower surface of the slide plate, the utility model discloses a water storage device, including slide tube 6, connecting rod 7, pendulum ball 8, slide tube 6, air pump 4, first contact piece 9, water tray 5 is installed on the 6 top of slide tube, slide tube 6 right flank screw fastening has connecting rod 7, the right-hand member of connecting rod 7 bonds there is pendulum ball 8, be connected with first coil spring 12 between slide tube 6 and the 16 right flanks of guide cylinder, the switch-on has wire 21 between second contact piece 18 and the air pump 4.
The gasbag 2 is made for rubber materials and bonds with slope protection net 3, and gasbag 2 communicates with each other with pipe 1, and pipe 1 is made for rubber materials.
A hose is communicated between the air outlet end of the air pump 4 and one of the air bags 2.
The pendulum ball 8 is a ball structure made of foam materials.
The inner diameter of the lantern ring 11 is equal to the diameter of the sliding pipe 6, and the top end of the guide cylinder 16 is provided with a hole for the sliding pipe 6 to slide.
The first contact piece 9, the second contact piece 10, the first contact block 15 and the second contact block 18 are all made of copper materials, a circuit board is arranged inside the base 17 and is respectively communicated with the first contact block 15 and the first contact piece 9, the circuit board is externally connected with a nearby power supply, and the second contact block 18 and the second contact piece 10 are respectively connected with the air pump 4.
The gravity of the water containing disc 5 after being filled with water is larger than the elastic force of the second spiral spring 13.
The water containing disc 5 is not communicated with the sliding pipe 6, and the lower surface of the water containing disc 5 is provided with a hole with the aperture of 1-2 mm.
The method comprises the following operation steps: when the device is used for the concrete operation, the slope protection net 3 is tiled on the slope protection, the slope protection net 3 is fastened on the slope protection in the same way as the existing fixing mode of the slope protection net, then the base 17 is fixed on the bank near the slope protection net 3 by using tools such as screws, a plurality of groups of devices are stably paved on the slope protection, when raining, in order to reduce the erosion of rainwater on the slope protection, the rainwater can enter the water containing disc 5, so that the water containing disc 5 is heavier, the sliding pipe 6 can be driven to slide downwards by using the gravity of the rainwater contained in the water containing disc 5, the sliding plate 14 can slide downwards by overcoming the elastic force of the second spiral spring 13, the first contact block 15 and the second contact block 18 are contacted, so that the air pump 4 is connected with a power supply, the air pump 4 inflates the air bag 2, the guide pipe 1 is connected between the air bags 2, the air bags 2 can be ventilated mutually, and the air bags 2 cover the outer surface of the slope protection net 3 after, at the moment, the water retaining function is realized, the erosion of the slope protection of rainwater is prevented, the water and soil loss is avoided, meanwhile, when strong wind occurs, the wind blows the swinging ball 8, the sliding pipe 6 can overcome the elastic force of the first spiral spring 12 to rotate circumferentially, the first contact 9 is contacted with the second contact piece 10, the air pump 4 is connected with a power supply, the air pump 4 inflates the air bag 2, the air bag 2 is expanded to form a protective layer, the damage of the slope protection caused by the strong wind is prevented, when the wind stops due to rain, the water containing disc 5 can leak water, the weight of the water containing disc 5 is reduced, the sliding pipe 6 is lifted by utilizing the elastic force of the second spiral spring 13, the first contact block 15 is separated from the second contact block 18, meanwhile, the air bag 2 can also slowly deflate, the slope protection net 3 is restored to be the existing slope protection net, and the air pump is started only when the weather changes and needs to strengthen the protection, more energy-conserving, realize the effective protection to the bank protection.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and not for limiting the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications without inventive contribution to the present embodiment as needed after reading the present specification, but all of which are protected by patent law within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a slope protection net for hydraulic engineering, includes base (17) and slope protection net (3), its characterized in that: the air pump (4) is installed on the slope protection net (3), the surface of the slope protection net (3) is uniformly connected with the air bags (2), the surface of each air bag (2) is provided with a hole with the aperture of 0.5-0.8mm, the air bags (2) are communicated with one another to form the guide pipe (1), the support frame (20) is bonded on the left side of the upper surface of the base (17), the guide cylinder (16) is bonded on the middle of the upper surface of the base (17), the positioning rod (19) is bonded between the guide cylinder (16) and the support frame (20), the sleeve ring (11) is bonded on the upper end of the right side surface of the support frame (20), the second contact piece (10) is symmetrically bonded inside the sleeve ring (11), the second contact piece (18) is bonded on the bottom surface inside the guide cylinder (16), the sliding pipe (6) is inserted on the top surface of the guide cylinder (16), the sliding pipe (6) is bonded on the lower end of the sliding plate (, be connected with second coil spring (13) between slide (14) and guide cylinder (16) inside top surface, slide (6) left side inlay the cover and have first contact piece (9), flourishing water tray (5) are installed on slide (6) top, slide (6) right flank screw fastening has connecting rod (7), connecting rod (7) right-hand member bonding has pendulum ball (8), be connected with first coil spring (12) between slide (6) and guide cylinder (16) right side, the switch-on has wire (21) between second contact block (18) and air pump (4).
2. The slope protection net for the hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the air bag (2) is made of rubber materials and is bonded with the slope protection net (3), the air bag (2) is communicated with the catheter (1), and the catheter (1) is made of rubber materials.
3. The slope protection net for the hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: a hose is communicated between the air outlet end of the air pump (4) and one of the air bags (2).
4. The slope protection net for the hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the pendulum ball (8) is of a ball body structure made of foam materials.
5. The slope protection net for the hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the inner diameter of the lantern ring (11) is equal to the diameter of the sliding pipe (6), and a hole for the sliding pipe (6) to slide is formed in the top end of the guide cylinder (16).
6. The slope protection net for the hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the first contact piece (9), the second contact piece (10), the first contact block (15) and the second contact block (18) are all made of copper materials, a circuit board is arranged inside the base (17), the circuit board is respectively communicated with the first contact block (15) and the first contact piece (9), the circuit board is externally connected with a nearby power supply, and the second contact block (18) and the second contact piece (10) are respectively connected with the air pump (4).
7. The slope protection net for the hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the gravity of the water containing disc (5) after being filled with water is larger than the elastic force of the second spiral spring (13).
8. The slope protection net for the hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the water containing tray (5) is not communicated with the sliding pipe (6), and the lower surface of the water containing tray (5) is provided with a hole with the aperture of 1-2 mm.
CN202010091304.9A 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Slope protection net for hydraulic engineering Active CN111172946B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113005990A (en) * 2021-02-07 2021-06-22 陈海伶 High strength bank protection protector for hydraulic engineering
CN113102359A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-07-13 广东电网有限责任公司 Cleaning device
CN113396761A (en) * 2021-06-28 2021-09-17 张其木格 Municipal works are with green plant protection device for massif bank protection is consolidated
CN113431064B (en) * 2021-08-05 2022-08-30 山西省交通规划勘察设计院有限公司 Highway side slope landslide prevention device
CN113638358B (en) * 2021-08-11 2022-11-22 中建三局绿色产业投资有限公司 Spray impact force buffer for hydraulic engineering
CN113585198A (en) * 2021-08-11 2021-11-02 包高山 Water tank control device for hydraulic engineering

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5205091A (en) * 1980-03-18 1993-04-27 Brown John G Modular-accessible-units and method of making same
NO178774B (en) * 1988-02-12 1996-02-19 Kumagai Gumi Co Ltd Process for the preparation of vegetation substrates and blow nozzle for use in the process
CN1153545A (en) * 1994-07-22 1997-07-02 护堤系统澳大利亚有限公司 Type of flexible mat for lining embankments
CN206128087U (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-04-26 修伟洪 Bag bank protection is hung with gas permeability to water and soil protection

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5205091A (en) * 1980-03-18 1993-04-27 Brown John G Modular-accessible-units and method of making same
NO178774B (en) * 1988-02-12 1996-02-19 Kumagai Gumi Co Ltd Process for the preparation of vegetation substrates and blow nozzle for use in the process
CN1153545A (en) * 1994-07-22 1997-07-02 护堤系统澳大利亚有限公司 Type of flexible mat for lining embankments
CN206128087U (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-04-26 修伟洪 Bag bank protection is hung with gas permeability to water and soil protection

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