CN110615013A - Non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing slope - Google Patents

Non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110615013A
CN110615013A CN201911049634.5A CN201911049634A CN110615013A CN 110615013 A CN110615013 A CN 110615013A CN 201911049634 A CN201911049634 A CN 201911049634A CN 110615013 A CN110615013 A CN 110615013A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
auxiliary
rail
track
power bogie
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911049634.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周先浚
周劲松
Original Assignee
周先浚
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 周先浚 filed Critical 周先浚
Priority to CN201911049634.5A priority Critical patent/CN110615013A/en
Publication of CN110615013A publication Critical patent/CN110615013A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B17/00Wheels characterised by rail-engaging elements
    • B60B17/02Wheels characterised by rail-engaging elements with elastic tyres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B37/00Wheel-axle combinations, e.g. wheel sets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F9/00Rail vehicles characterised by means for preventing derailing, e.g. by use of guide wheels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B2/00General structure of permanent way
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B5/00Rails; Guard rails; Distance-keeping means for them

Abstract

The invention relates to a non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation device for assisting a subway vehicle to climb, which comprises a non-power bogie wheel set and a rail foundation, wherein: the non-power bogie wheel pair comprises an axle, wheels arranged on the axle and auxiliary wheels, wherein the auxiliary wheels are provided with rubber tires; the rail foundation is provided with a wheel rail matched with the wheel and an auxiliary wheel rail matched with the auxiliary wheel, the auxiliary wheel rail is arranged at the uphill road section of the wheel rail, and the auxiliary wheel rail are in contact when the subway vehicle runs to the uphill road section. Compared with the prior art, the invention can effectively enhance the adhesiveness of the subway wheel rails, slow down the slope impact of the vehicle and reduce the vibration noise so as to be beneficial to improving the climbing capability and riding comfort of the subway vehicle; and the change to the existing urban rail transit system is little, the construction amount is little, the structure is simple, and the urban rail transit system is suitable for large-area popularization.

Description

Non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing slope
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of urban rail transit equipment and facilities, and particularly relates to a non-power bogie wheel set and a rail foundation device for assisting a subway vehicle in climbing.
Background
Nowadays, urban rail transit becomes a topic of wide social attention, and not only provides higher requirements for safety, stability and comfort of riding, but also provides new prospects for environmental protection, resource aggregation and sustainable development in the urban construction planning process. The typical rail transportation category mainly includes: subway, light rail, tram and magnetic levitation transportation system, etc.
The subway usually adopts the form of steel wheel double track, and its car space is bigger, and passenger carrying capacity is strong, can satisfy the freight volume demand in big-and-middle-sized city, and the wearing and tearing life-span of steel wheel is long. For example: the total operating mileage of the Guangzhou subway one-number line is 45-62 km. Due to the adoption of the contact form of the steel wheels/the steel rails, the adhesive force of the subway vehicle is insufficient, so that the climbing capability of the subway vehicle is not strong. According to the subway design specification, 30 per thousand of the maximum gradient of the main line of the subway line is adopted, and 35 per thousand of the maximum gradient of the main line of the subway line is adopted under the difficult condition. Therefore, the adaptability to mountain cities is poor, and the construction cost is also increased sharply.
The light rail is usually in the form of a straddle type rubber wheel single rail, and the space in the light rail is small, so that the passenger carrying capacity is weak. Because of the adoption of the rubber tire, the abrasion of the wheel is larger as a consumable material, and the operation cost is also greatly increased. For example: the service life of the running tires of the Chongqing light rail No. 2 vehicle is about 10 km, the expenditure of the running tires only reaches about 500 RMB every year, and the cost of replacing the wheels is not covered. Therefore, subways clearly dominate in terms of wheel consumption. But the rubber tire makes the wheel rail adhesion stronger, and the climbing ability of the vehicle is also guaranteed. According to the design standard of light rail traffic, the maximum slope of the main line of a light rail line is not more than 50 per thousand, and 60 per thousand can be adopted under difficult conditions. Therefore, the light rail is more superior to the subway in the aspect of vehicle climbing capability.
In addition, the climbing performance of the subway vehicle has important significance on the operation cost of rail transit and the optimization of a line besides the influence on the terrain adaptability. According to the existing research and practice, the following components are adopted: the energy-saving slope optimization design is one of effective ways for saving the traction energy consumption and reducing the operation cost of the urban subway. By taking the first-phase line of the No. 9 Chengdu subway as an example, the traction energy consumption of the vehicle is effectively reduced by 24% through the research and optimization of the longitudinal sections of the single-side slope, the V-shaped slope and the W-shaped slope. Therefore, the possibility of line optimization is limited to a certain extent by the climbing performance of the subway vehicle.
Although the subway and the light rail have the short points, the subway still has the absolute advantages of quantity and quality in terms of the current development situation of urban rail transit in China. Therefore, the method has important practical significance and value for developing and solving the problem of poor climbing capability of the subway vehicle.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the problem of poor climbing capability of the metro vehicle in the prior art and provide a non-power bogie wheel set and a rail foundation device for assisting the metro vehicle in climbing. The adhesion of the subway wheel rails can be effectively enhanced, the vehicle slope impact is slowed down, and the vibration noise is reduced, so that the climbing capability and the riding comfort of the subway vehicle are improved; and the change to the existing urban rail transit system is little, the construction amount is little, the structure is simple, and the urban rail transit system is suitable for large-area popularization.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation device for assisting subway vehicle climbing comprises:
a non-power bogie wheel set having an axle and wheels and auxiliary wheels provided on the axle, the auxiliary wheels having rubber tires,
the rail foundation is provided with a wheel rail matched with a wheel and an auxiliary wheel rail matched with an auxiliary wheel, the auxiliary wheel rail is arranged at an uphill road section of the wheel rail, and the auxiliary wheel rail are in contact when the subway vehicle runs to the uphill road section.
Preferably, the number of the wheels is two, and the auxiliary wheel is positioned between the two wheels; the two wheel tracks are matched, and the auxiliary wheel track is arranged in the middle of an uphill road section of the two wheel tracks.
Preferably, the auxiliary wheel is further provided with an auxiliary hub, the rubber tire is sleeved on the auxiliary hub, and the auxiliary hub and the wheel are mounted on the axle in an interference fit mode.
Preferably, the rubber tire is a solid rubber tire.
Preferably, the wheel diameter of the auxiliary wheel is smaller than that of the wheel, and the height of the auxiliary wheel track is larger than that of the wheel track.
Preferably, the auxiliary wheel track is provided with a transition fillet at a corner of the horizontal segment entering the uphill segment and a corner of the uphill segment entering the horizontal segment.
Preferably, the auxiliary wheel track is composed of an auxiliary track beam and an anti-skid surface arranged on the upper surface of the auxiliary track beam.
Preferably, the wheel track is composed of sleepers and rails mounted on the sleepers.
Preferably, the non-power bogie wheel pair is mounted on a non-power bogie of the subway vehicle through connecting components including a bearing, a primary suspension device and an axle box.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
(1) the auxiliary wheel is a rubber wheel, so that the adhesion of a wheel rail is effectively enhanced, the climbing capability of the metro vehicle is further improved, the terrain adaptability of the metro vehicle is improved, and the possibility is provided for line optimization design schemes such as energy-saving slope and the like.
(2) The auxiliary wheel is a rubber wheel, and the rubber wheel slows down the slope-rising vibration and impact of the vehicle, improves the riding comfort of the subway vehicle and delays the fatigue damage of each part of the vehicle.
(3) The auxiliary wheel is a rubber wheel, and the rubber wheel enables the noise under the vehicle ramp operation condition to be lower, and reduces urban noise pollution.
(4) The auxiliary wheel is arranged on the axle in an interference fit mode, the assembly mode is simple, and the safety performance is reliable.
(5) The auxiliary wheel has simple structure and low production cost. Although the rubber tire (preferably a solid rubber tire) is used as a consumable material, the wear of the rubber tire is only generated under the condition that the vehicle runs uphill, so the maintenance cost is low.
(6) The device has the advantages of small change to the existing urban rail transit system, small construction amount, simple structure and suitability for large-area popularization.
(7) The auxiliary wheel diameter is smaller than the wheel diameter, so that the device can avoid the interference of the auxiliary wheel to the original urban rail transit system equipment to the maximum extent.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a non-powered bogie wheel set and rail foundation apparatus of the present invention for assisting a subway vehicle in climbing a slope;
FIG. 2 is a schematic representation of the uphill condition of the present invention.
In the figure, 1 is a wheel, 2 is an auxiliary wheel, 21 is an auxiliary hub, 22 is a rubber tire, 3 is an axle, 4 is a rail, 5 is a sleeper, 6 is an auxiliary wheel rail, 61 is an auxiliary rail beam, and 62 is an anti-skid surface.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in detail below with reference to the figures and specific embodiments.
Example 1
The utility model provides a supplementary subway vehicle climbing's non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation equipment, as shown in fig. 1 ~ 2, including non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation, wherein: the non-power bogie wheel pair comprises an axle 3, and a wheel 1 and an auxiliary wheel 2 which are arranged on the axle 3, wherein the auxiliary wheel 2 is provided with a rubber tire 22; the track foundation is provided with a wheel track matched with the wheel 1 and an auxiliary wheel track 6 matched with the auxiliary wheel 2, the auxiliary wheel track 6 is arranged at an uphill road section of the wheel track, and the auxiliary wheel 2 and the auxiliary wheel track 6 are in contact when the subway vehicle runs to the uphill road section.
In this embodiment, the auxiliary wheel rail 6 is composed of an auxiliary rail beam 61 and an anti-slip surface 62 (the anti-slip surface may be a rough surface or a coating layer having a large friction coefficient with a rubber tire) provided on the upper surface of the auxiliary rail beam 61. The wheel track is composed of sleepers 5 and rails 4 mounted on the sleepers 5. The non-power bogie wheel pair is mounted on the non-power bogie of the subway vehicle by connecting components including bearings, a primary suspension device and axle boxes. The number of the wheels 1 is two, and the auxiliary wheel 2 is positioned between the two wheels 1; in accordance therewith, two wheel tracks are provided, the auxiliary wheel track 6 being arranged in the middle of the uphill section of the two wheel tracks, as shown in fig. 1. The auxiliary wheel 2 is also provided with an auxiliary wheel hub 21, a rubber tire 22 is sleeved on the auxiliary wheel hub 21, and the auxiliary wheel hub 21 and the wheel 1 are arranged on the axle 3 in a mode of interference fit of an axle. Preferably, the rubber tire 22 is a solid rubber tire.
In this embodiment, it is preferable that the wheel diameter of the auxiliary wheel 2 is smaller than that of the wheel 1, and the height of the auxiliary wheel rail 6 is larger than that of the wheel rail. The device can avoid the interference of the auxiliary wheel to the original urban rail transit system equipment to the maximum extent. And transition fillets are arranged at the corners of the horizontal section entering the uphill section and the corners of the uphill section entering the horizontal section of the auxiliary wheel track 6.
As shown in figure 2, under the horizontal running condition of the vehicle, the middle of the track is not provided with an auxiliary wheel track 6, namely, the track only depends on the support of the wheels 1 to carry out running motion. Under the working condition of climbing operation, the auxiliary wheel track 6 is arranged from the position close to the starting point of the track. Through the reasonable transition fillet of design in inflection point position, make the vehicle can steadily get into the section of ascending a slope from the horizontal segment. The height of the auxiliary wheel track 6 exceeds that of the steel rail 4, so that the auxiliary wheel 2 and the wheel 1 play a role in bearing together under the working condition that the vehicle runs on an uphill. Effectively enhance the adhesion of the wheel rail and further improve the climbing capability of the subway vehicle.
The embodiments described above are intended to facilitate the understanding and use of the invention by those skilled in the art. It will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications to these embodiments may be made, and the generic principles described herein may be applied to other embodiments without the use of the inventive faculty. Therefore, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and those skilled in the art should make improvements and modifications within the scope of the present invention based on the disclosure of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a supplementary subway vehicle climbing's non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation equipment which characterized in that includes:
a non-powered bogie wheel set comprises an axle (3), wheels (1) arranged on the axle (3) and auxiliary wheels (2), wherein the auxiliary wheels (2) are provided with rubber tires (22),
the rail foundation is provided with a wheel rail matched with the wheel (1) and an auxiliary wheel rail (6) matched with the auxiliary wheel (2), wherein the auxiliary wheel rail (6) is arranged at an uphill road section of the wheel rail, and the auxiliary wheel (2) is in contact with the auxiliary wheel rail (6) when the subway vehicle runs to the uphill road section.
2. The non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation device for assisting the climbing of the metro vehicle according to claim 1, wherein there are two wheels (1), and the auxiliary wheel (2) is located between the two wheels (1); the number of the wheel tracks is two, and the auxiliary wheel track (6) is arranged in the middle of an uphill section of the two wheel tracks.
3. The non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation device for assisting the climbing of the metro vehicle according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the auxiliary wheel (2) is further provided with an auxiliary wheel hub (21), the rubber tire (22) is sleeved on the auxiliary wheel hub (21), and the auxiliary wheel hub (21) and the wheel (1) are arranged on the axle (3) in a manner of interference fit of an axle.
4. The non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation device for assisting the climbing of metro vehicles according to claim 1, wherein the rubber tire (22) is a solid rubber tire.
5. The non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation device for assisting the climbing of metro vehicles according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the wheel diameter of the auxiliary wheel (2) is smaller than that of the wheel (1), and the height of the auxiliary wheel track (6) is larger than that of the wheel track.
6. The non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation device for assisting the climbing of metro vehicles according to claim 5, wherein transition fillets are arranged at the break angle of the horizontal section entering the uphill section and the break angle of the horizontal section entering the uphill section of the auxiliary wheel track (6).
7. The non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation device for assisting the climbing of metro vehicles according to claim 1, wherein the auxiliary wheel track (6) is composed of an auxiliary track beam (61) and an anti-skid surface (62) arranged on the upper surface of the auxiliary track beam (61).
8. The non-power bogie wheel set and track foundation device for assisting the climbing of metro vehicles according to claim 1, wherein the wheel track is composed of sleepers (5) and steel rails (4) erected on the sleepers (5).
9. A non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation apparatus for assisting a subway vehicle in climbing according to claim 1, wherein said non-power bogie wheel set is mounted on a non-power bogie of the subway vehicle by means of connecting members including bearings, a primary suspension unit and axle boxes.
CN201911049634.5A 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing slope Pending CN110615013A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911049634.5A CN110615013A (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing slope

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911049634.5A CN110615013A (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing slope

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110615013A true CN110615013A (en) 2019-12-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911049634.5A Pending CN110615013A (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Non-power bogie wheel set and rail foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing slope

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111152602A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-05-15 同济大学 Trailer bogie and track foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing
CN111874026A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-11-03 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Bogie frame, bogie, rail vehicle and rail transit system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111152602A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-05-15 同济大学 Trailer bogie and track foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing
CN111152602B (en) * 2019-12-31 2021-07-20 同济大学 Trailer bogie and track foundation device for assisting subway vehicle in climbing
CN111874026A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-11-03 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Bogie frame, bogie, rail vehicle and rail transit system

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