CN110539243A - Novel grinding and polishing equipment - Google Patents

Novel grinding and polishing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110539243A
CN110539243A CN201910930962.XA CN201910930962A CN110539243A CN 110539243 A CN110539243 A CN 110539243A CN 201910930962 A CN201910930962 A CN 201910930962A CN 110539243 A CN110539243 A CN 110539243A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
charging barrel
rotating
rack
lifting plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910930962.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
向必忠
温海涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xiamen Mingyi Vacuum Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xiamen Mingyi Vacuum Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xiamen Mingyi Vacuum Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Xiamen Mingyi Vacuum Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910930962.XA priority Critical patent/CN110539243A/en
Publication of CN110539243A publication Critical patent/CN110539243A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B31/00Machines or devices designed for polishing or abrading surfaces on work by means of tumbling apparatus or other apparatus in which the work and/or the abrasive material is loose; Accessories therefor
    • B24B31/02Machines or devices designed for polishing or abrading surfaces on work by means of tumbling apparatus or other apparatus in which the work and/or the abrasive material is loose; Accessories therefor involving rotary barrels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B31/00Machines or devices designed for polishing or abrading surfaces on work by means of tumbling apparatus or other apparatus in which the work and/or the abrasive material is loose; Accessories therefor
    • B24B31/12Accessories; Protective equipment or safety devices; Installations for exhaustion of dust or for sound absorption specially adapted for machines covered by group B24B31/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

Abstract

The utility model provides a novel grinding and polishing equipment which characterized in that: comprises a frame, a charging barrel, a lifting device, a rotating device, a control box and a feeding and discharging device; the upper surface of the charging barrel is provided with an opening, and the charging barrel is placed on the rack and used for containing grinding materials; a handle is arranged on the side surface of the charging barrel; the feeding and discharging device consists of a plurality of rollers, is arranged on the frame and is arranged below the charging barrel; the control box is arranged on the rack and is positioned on the side surface of the rack; the lifting device is arranged on the frame and is positioned above the charging barrel; the rotating device is installed on the lifting device. The rotating device is provided with the motor II, the rotating shaft I, the rotating shaft II and the rotating disk, the motor II drives the rotating shaft I, the rotating disk, the rotating shaft II and the workpiece to rotate around the axis of the rotating shaft I, and simultaneously drives the rotating shaft II and the workpiece to rotate around the axis of the rotating shaft II through meshing transmission of the gears, so that the rotation and revolution of the workpiece in the polishing and grinding operation process are realized, and the workpiece treatment effect is good.

Description

Novel grinding and polishing equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of machining, in particular to novel grinding and polishing equipment.
Background
At present, the polishing and grinding operation of hardware is mostly carried out in a manual operation mode, the operation mode has high labor intensity and low efficiency, and the physical and psychological health of operators is seriously damaged by raised dust and generated noise in the polishing and grinding process; in this case, many automatic polishing and grinding devices are available on the market, which improve the production efficiency to some extent and reduce the labor intensity of workers, but have some problems: because most of the existing devices simulate manual polishing by using a mechanical arm, the devices are generally complex in design and high in manufacturing cost, meanwhile, one device can only process workpieces with similar shapes, the workpieces with large shape differences cannot be processed, the workpieces with different shapes can only be processed by using other polishing and grinding devices, and the universality of the devices is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the problems and provides novel grinding and polishing equipment which is strong in universality, simple in structure, low in cost and good in polishing and grinding effects.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a novel grinding and polishing equipment which characterized in that: comprises a frame, a charging barrel, a lifting device, a rotating device, a control box and a feeding and discharging device; the upper surface of the charging barrel is provided with an opening, and the charging barrel is placed on the rack and used for containing grinding materials; a handle is arranged on the side surface of the charging barrel; the feeding and discharging device consists of a plurality of rollers, is arranged on the frame and is arranged below the charging barrel; the control box is arranged on the rack and is positioned on the side surface of the rack; the lifting device is arranged on the frame and is positioned above the charging barrel; the rotating device is installed on the lifting device.
Further, the lifting device comprises a motor I, a screw rod, a plurality of chain wheels I and a lifting plate; four screw rods are arranged and are respectively arranged on the rack by using bearings and bearing seats; the upper end of each screw rod is provided with a chain wheel I; the lifting plate is provided with four threaded holes; the lifting plate is matched with the screw rod through a threaded hole and is arranged on the screw rod; the motor I is arranged on the rack and drives the screw rod to rotate through the transmission of the chain I and the chain wheel I, so that the up-and-down motion of the lifting plate is realized; a hole I is formed in the middle of the lifting plate; a bearing seat I is mounted at the position of the hole I; still install a gear I on the bearing frame I, gear I is located the below of lifter plate, along with the lifter plate up-and-down motion.
Further, the rotating device comprises a motor II, a rotating disc, a rotating shaft I and a rotating shaft II; the motor II is arranged on the lifting plate; the rotating shaft I penetrates through the bearing seat I and the hole I and is installed on the lifting plate, is driven by the chain and the chain wheel and is driven to rotate by the motor II; the lower end of the rotating shaft I is connected with the rotating disc; the rotating disc is circular, and at least one rotating shaft II is arranged on the rotating disc; the rotating shaft II is arranged on the rotating disc by using a bearing and a bearing seat; a gear II is arranged at the upper end of the rotating shaft II; the gear II is meshed with the gear I; and the tail section of the rotating shaft II is provided with a quick connection structure for connecting a workpiece clamp.
Further, the control box is provided with an operation panel, an automatic button, a manual button and a stop button; and a PLC and a frequency conversion device are arranged in the control box.
Further, the feeding and discharging device can use a feeding car to replace the roller, and the charging barrel is placed on the feeding car.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: (1) the invention has simple structure and low manufacturing cost; (2) the rotating device is provided with the motor II, the rotating shaft I, the rotating shaft II and the rotating disk, the motor II drives the rotating shaft I, the rotating disk, the rotating shaft II and the workpiece to rotate around the axis of the rotating shaft I, and simultaneously drives the rotating shaft II and the workpiece to rotate around the axis of the rotating shaft II through meshing transmission of the gears, so that the rotation and revolution of the workpiece in the polishing and grinding operation process are realized, and the workpiece treatment effect is good; (3) the invention is provided with the control panel, the PLC and the frequency conversion equipment, and different processing technology designs can be selected according to the difference of the material quality of the workpiece; (4) the invention is provided with at least one rotating shaft II, and a plurality of rotating shafts II can be configured according to the requirement, so that a plurality of workpieces can be simultaneously installed for processing treatment, and the treatment efficiency is high; a manual button is configured to facilitate the installation of the workpiece; (5) the grinding and polishing equipment can be used for carrying out the grinding and polishing operation on workpieces in different shapes; (6) the lifting device and the rotating device are respectively provided with independent motor drives, the whole machine is controlled by a PLC, different processing technologies can be set to meet the requirements of different materials and processing precision, and the application range is wide; (7) the charging barrel is arranged to contain the grinding materials, different grinding materials can be filled in different charging barrels according to requirements, the charging and discharging device is arranged, the charging barrel is convenient to replace, the device can adapt to rough polishing and fine polishing operation of workpieces made of different materials, the application range is wide, and the operation is convenient.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a plan view of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along the line A-A in FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a top view of the present invention; FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the present invention; FIG. 5 is another perspective view of the present invention; FIG. 6 is a perspective view of embodiment 2 of the present invention; FIG. 7 is a plan view of embodiment 2 of the present invention; FIG. 8 is a plan view of embodiment 3 of the present invention; fig. 9 is a sectional view taken in the direction of fig. 8B-B.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of embodiments of the invention refers to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figures 1-5: a novel grinding and polishing device comprises a frame 1, a charging barrel 2, a lifting device 3, a rotating device 4, a control box 5 and a feeding and discharging device; the upper surface of the charging barrel 2 is opened, and the charging barrel is placed on the rack 1 and used for containing grinding materials; a handle 21 is arranged on the side surface of the charging barrel 2; the feeding and discharging device consists of a plurality of rollers 8, is arranged on the rack 1 and is arranged below the charging barrel 2; the roller used in the method can be an unpowered roller or a powered roller; when the abrasive needs to be replaced, the handle on the charging barrel is pulled outwards by hands, the charging barrel on the current machine can be pulled out by matching with the roller, and then the charging barrel filled with the abrasive needs at present is pushed in. The control box 5 is arranged on the rack 1 and is positioned on the side surface of the rack 1; the lifting device 3 is arranged on the frame 1 and is positioned above the charging barrel 2; the rotating device 4 is arranged on the lifting device 3; the lifting device 3 comprises a motor I31, a screw rod 32, a plurality of chain wheels I33 and a lifting plate 34; four screw rods 32 are arranged and are respectively arranged on the rack 1 by using bearings and bearing seats; the upper end of each screw rod 32 is provided with a chain wheel I33; the lifting plate 34 is provided with four threaded holes 341; the lifting plate 34 is matched with the screw rod 32 through the threaded hole 341 and is installed on the screw rod 32; the motor I31 is arranged on the rack 1 and drives the screw rod 32 to rotate through the transmission of a chain I35 and a chain wheel I33, so that the lifting plate 34 can move up and down; a hole I (not shown in the figure) is formed in the middle of the lifting plate 34; a bearing seat I6 is mounted at the position of the hole I; a gear I45 is further mounted on the bearing seat I6, and the gear I45 is located below the lifting plate 34 and moves up and down along with the lifting plate 34; the rotating device 4 comprises a motor II 41, a rotating disc 42, a rotating shaft I43 and a rotating shaft II 44; the motor II 41 is arranged on the lifting plate 34; the rotating shaft I43 penetrates through the bearing seat I6 and the hole I to be installed on the lifting plate 34, is driven to rotate by the motor II 41 through chain and sprocket transmission; the lower end of the rotating shaft I43 is connected with the rotating disc 42; the rotating disc 42 is circular, and at least one rotating shaft II 44 is arranged on the rotating disc; the rotating shaft II 44 is arranged on the rotating disc 42 by using a bearing and a bearing seat; a gear II 46 is mounted at the upper end of the rotating shaft II 44; the gear II 46 is meshed with the gear I45; the tail section of the rotating shaft II 44 is provided with a quick connection structure 441 for connecting the workpiece clamp 7; fig. 1 is an embodiment of the present invention, in which five rotating shafts ii 44 are uniformly installed on a rotating disc 42; the control box is provided with a control panel 51, an automatic button, a manual button and a stop button; and a PLC and a frequency conversion device are arranged in the control box 5.
Fig. 6 and 7 show an embodiment 2 of the present invention, in which a feed carriage 9 is used to replace a roller 8 as a loading and unloading device, in this embodiment, a charging barrel 2 is directly mounted on the feed carriage 9, and when the abrasive needs to be replaced, the feed carriage 9 on the current machine is pulled out, the feed carriage 9 with the charging barrel needing the abrasive is replaced, and the charging barrel is pushed into the equipment to complete the material replacement.
Fig. 8 and 9 show an embodiment 3 of the present invention, in which 18 rotating shafts ii 44 are provided, and in order to use the 18 rotating shafts ii 44, a gear i 45 is designed as an internal and external gear; the outer ring of the gear is provided with meshing teeth, and the inner ring is also provided with meshing teeth; in the scheme, 18 rotating shafts II 44 are arranged on the rotating disc 42 and distributed in two circles, wherein the circle centers of five rotating shafts II 44 are on the same circle, and the circle centers of thirteen other rotating shafts II 44 are on the other circle; gears II 46 arranged on the five rotating shafts II 44 are meshed with the inner ring meshing teeth of the gear I45, and gears II 46 arranged on the thirteen rotating shafts II 44 are meshed with the outer ring meshing teeth of the gear I45; the equipment of the scheme can be used for processing 18 workpieces at the same time, and the processing efficiency is high.
The operation flow of the equipment comprises the following steps: selecting a proper workpiece clamp according to the shape of a processed workpiece, installing the workpiece clamp at the lower end of a rotating shaft II, installing the workpiece to be processed on the workpiece clamp, selecting proper abrasive according to the material of the workpiece and the processing requirement, sending the material cylinder filled with the required abrasive into equipment through a feeding and discharging device, setting a processing process on a control panel of a control box, starting the equipment, driving a motor I of a lifting device to act through transmission of a chain I and a chain wheel I, driving a screw rod to rotate, driving a lifting plate to move downwards, driving a rotating device arranged on the lifting plate to move downwards, driving a rotating shaft I and a rotating disc to rotate through transmission of a chain wheel and a chain, driving the workpiece arranged on the workpiece clamp at the lower end of the rotating shaft II and a gear II at the upper end to rotate (revolve) around the axis of the rotating shaft I along with the rotating shaft II and the, the gear II arranged on the rotating shaft II is meshed with the fixed and non-rotating gear I arranged below the lifting plate in the rotating process, and the gear II starts to rotate through meshing, so that the rotating shaft II is driven to rotate around the axis of the gear II, and the workpiece rotates around the axis of the rotating shaft II along with the rotating shaft II; when the lifting device is lowered to a working position (the bottom of the screw rod), the workpiece completely enters the material cylinder and is completely wrapped by the abrasive, the lifting device stops working, the workpiece continues to perform revolution and rotation motion (the revolution, the rotation speed and the forward and reverse rotation can be set according to requirements) in the material cylinder filled with the abrasive, the workpiece and the abrasive in the material cylinder rub with each other in the process of polishing and grinding, when the set time is reached, the lifting device is started again, the motor I rotates reversely at the moment, the rotating device is driven to move upwards, the workpiece is gradually separated from the material cylinder in the upward moving process, when the lifting device reaches an initial position, the lifting device and the rotating device stop working, the workpiece is processed and is removed, and the polishing and grinding operation of the next batch of workpieces is performed.
The above description is about a process flow of workpiece treatment, and the device can also design different processes for different workpieces, for example, the workpiece can rotate and revolve while setting the action of the lifting device to realize the up-and-down reciprocating motion of the workpiece in the process of grinding and polishing the workpiece in the charging barrel, so that the workpiece can be polished and ground in multiple directions, and the polishing and grinding effect is good.
While the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been illustrated and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a novel grinding and polishing equipment which characterized in that: comprises a frame, a charging barrel, a lifting device, a rotating device, a control box and a feeding and discharging device; the upper surface of the charging barrel is provided with an opening, and the charging barrel is placed on the rack and used for containing grinding materials; a handle is arranged on the side surface of the charging barrel; the feeding and discharging device consists of a plurality of rollers, is arranged on the frame and is arranged below the charging barrel; the control box is arranged on the rack and is positioned on the side surface of the rack; the lifting device is arranged on the frame and is positioned above the charging barrel; the rotating device is installed on the lifting device.
2. The novel grinding and polishing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lifting device comprises a motor I, a screw rod, a plurality of chain wheels I and a lifting plate; four screw rods are arranged and are respectively arranged on the rack by using bearings and bearing seats; the upper end of each screw rod is provided with a chain wheel I; the lifting plate is provided with four threaded holes; the lifting plate is matched with the screw rod through a threaded hole and is arranged on the screw rod; the motor I is arranged on the rack and drives the screw rod to rotate through the transmission of the chain I and the chain wheel I, so that the up-and-down motion of the lifting plate is realized; a hole I is formed in the middle of the lifting plate; a bearing seat I is mounted at the position of the hole I; still install a gear I on the bearing frame I, gear I is located the below of lifter plate, along with the lifter plate up-and-down motion.
3. The novel grinding and polishing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the rotating device comprises a motor II, a rotating disc, a rotating shaft I and a rotating shaft II; the motor II is arranged on the lifting plate; the rotating shaft I penetrates through the bearing seat I and the hole I and is installed on the lifting plate, is driven by the chain and the chain wheel and is driven to rotate by the motor II; the lower end of the rotating shaft I is connected with the rotating disc; the rotating disc is circular, and at least one rotating shaft II is arranged on the rotating disc; the rotating shaft II is arranged on the rotating disc by using a bearing and a bearing seat; a gear II is arranged at the upper end of the rotating shaft II; the gear II is meshed with the gear I; and the tail section of the rotating shaft II is provided with a quick connection structure for connecting a workpiece clamp.
4. The novel grinding and polishing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the control box is provided with a control panel, an automatic button, a manual button and a stop button; and a PLC and a frequency conversion device are arranged in the control box.
5. The novel grinding and polishing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the loading and unloading device can use a feeding car to replace the roller, and the charging barrel is placed on the feeding car.
CN201910930962.XA 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 Novel grinding and polishing equipment Pending CN110539243A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910930962.XA CN110539243A (en) 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 Novel grinding and polishing equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910930962.XA CN110539243A (en) 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 Novel grinding and polishing equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110539243A true CN110539243A (en) 2019-12-06

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ID=68714907

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910930962.XA Pending CN110539243A (en) 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 Novel grinding and polishing equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110539243A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110788734A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-02-14 厦门东山盛机械有限公司 Vertical polishing grinder
CN112497043A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-03-16 大连理工大学 Multi-station vertical type rotary abrasive flow polishing device and working method thereof
CN112589661A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-04-02 东莞市恒天表面处理材料有限公司 Polishing equipment
CN114434217A (en) * 2020-11-03 2022-05-06 复盛应用科技股份有限公司 Grinding method for golf club head

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105102186A (en) * 2013-04-09 2015-11-25 Otec精密研磨有限责任公司 Method and device for the surface treatment of workpieces
CN206067599U (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-04-05 安徽工程大学机电学院 Carrying cart
CN108500820A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-09-07 卢德慧 Bathroom product polishing method and the automatic bathroom polishing machine for implementing this method
CN108907516A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-30 昆山丰泽辉五金机械有限公司 A kind of bull automatic drawing bonding machine
CN210550339U (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-05-19 厦门铭意真空科技有限公司 Novel grinding and polishing equipment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105102186A (en) * 2013-04-09 2015-11-25 Otec精密研磨有限责任公司 Method and device for the surface treatment of workpieces
CN206067599U (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-04-05 安徽工程大学机电学院 Carrying cart
CN108500820A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-09-07 卢德慧 Bathroom product polishing method and the automatic bathroom polishing machine for implementing this method
CN108907516A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-30 昆山丰泽辉五金机械有限公司 A kind of bull automatic drawing bonding machine
CN210550339U (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-05-19 厦门铭意真空科技有限公司 Novel grinding and polishing equipment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110788734A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-02-14 厦门东山盛机械有限公司 Vertical polishing grinder
CN112497043A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-03-16 大连理工大学 Multi-station vertical type rotary abrasive flow polishing device and working method thereof
CN114434217A (en) * 2020-11-03 2022-05-06 复盛应用科技股份有限公司 Grinding method for golf club head
CN112589661A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-04-02 东莞市恒天表面处理材料有限公司 Polishing equipment

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