CN109623592A - A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head - Google Patents

A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109623592A
CN109623592A CN201910079312.9A CN201910079312A CN109623592A CN 109623592 A CN109623592 A CN 109623592A CN 201910079312 A CN201910079312 A CN 201910079312A CN 109623592 A CN109623592 A CN 109623592A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
lifting
rotation
rotary
polishing
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CN201910079312.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈宝珠
林凤坂
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Shenzhen Juda Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Juda Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
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Application filed by Shenzhen Juda Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Juda Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910079312.9A priority Critical patent/CN109623592A/en
Publication of CN109623592A publication Critical patent/CN109623592A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/16Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor for grinding other surfaces of particular shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/18Accessories

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Finish Polishing, Edge Sharpening, And Grinding By Specific Grinding Devices (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head, its include at least polishing mechanism, it is characterized in that, it further includes for controlling the polishing mechanism rotating mechanism that multi-angle converts in perpendicular, for controlling polishing mechanism and rotating mechanism oscilaltion and the elevating mechanism rotated in horizontal plane, the polishing mechanism is arranged on rotating mechanism, the polishing mechanism and rotating mechanism are drivingly connected, the rotating mechanism is fixed on elevating mechanism, and the elevating mechanism and rotating mechanism are drivingly connected.The present invention provides a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine heads, the polishing machine head can with oscilaltion, in the horizontal and vertical directions can multi-angle rotation, it can be adapted with the curved surface of special-shaped workpiece, full automatic comprehensive polishing can be carried out to common workpiece and special-shaped workpiece using the device, cost of labor is reduced, polishing efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head
Technical field
The present invention relates to polishing machine field more particularly to a kind of polishing machine heads.
Background technique
Polishing machine is also referred to as grinder, is commonly used as mechanical polishing, polishing and waxing.Its working principle is that: motor Drive the sponge that is mounted on polishing machine or wool polishing disk high speed rotation, due to polishing disk and polishing agent collective effect and with to It throws surface to rub, and then can reach removal lacquer painting pollution, oxide layer, the purpose of shallow trace.
Belt sander is one of polishing machine, be can be polished workpiece surface, the conventional machinery that polishes adds Construction equipment is widely used in industries such as hardware, hot-water heatings.Belt sanding polishing machine mainly by by workpiece surface with Abrasive band is in contact, and carries out grinding and buffing to workpiece surface using the grinding performance of sand grains on abrasive band, by belt sanding and The quality and precision of workpiece surface after polishing are all higher.In process, distinctive super in order to quickly remove metal surface Hardening oxidation layer still throws machine or hand polish equipment using original ground mostly currently on the market, and machine is cumbersome, and produces Quality is unstable, and the process velocity of product and use cannot all reach customer requirement.
Prior art discloses a kind of flat grinding abrasive belt polishing machine, (application number: 200610118511.9), which includes one A rack with workbench, rack are equipped with the shaft being connected with power mechanism, and driving wheel is connected in shaft, is gone back in rack Equipped with driven wheel and tensioning wheel, be socketed with abrasive band on driving wheel, driven wheel and tensioning wheel, above-mentioned workbench close to abrasive band and Be arranged in parallel with abrasive band, the rack is equipped with column, and above-mentioned tensioning wheel is located at column, and tensioning wheel and column it Between be equipped with the tensioning apparatus that tensioning wheel can be made mobile.This flat grinding abrasive belt polishing machine service life is longer, production efficiency is higher, operation Simplicity, while to the adjusting of tensioning wheel, its mode is more, and adjusts simplicity.
It is although able to satisfy the polishing of common workpiece using the patent, but often has multiple curved surface needs on current workpiece It is polished, for this kind of special-shaped workpiece, only can not effectively be polished by the abrasive band of plane, traditional way is all logical Staff is crossed using grinding and buffing is carried out to the special surface of workpiece surface by hand, not only labor intensity is high for this, time-consuming to take Power, and the efficiency of polishing, polishing is very low, and the sanding and polishing precision that workpiece surface reaches is also inadequate.
Summary of the invention
Shortcoming present in view of the above technology, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head, The polishing machine head can be adapted with oscilaltion and multi-angle rotation with the curved surface of special-shaped workpiece, can be with using the device Full automatic comprehensive polishing is carried out to common workpiece and special-shaped workpiece, cost of labor is reduced, improves polishing efficiency.
To achieve the above object, the present invention is implemented as follows:
A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head comprising polishing mechanism for being polished to materials and parts to be processed, for controlling Polishing mechanism processed in perpendicular multi-angle transformation rotating mechanism, for controlling polishing mechanism and rotating mechanism oscilaltion And the elevating mechanism rotated in horizontal plane, the polishing mechanism are arranged on rotating mechanism, the polishing mechanism and rotation Mechanism is drivingly connected, and the rotating mechanism is fixed on elevating mechanism, and the elevating mechanism and rotating mechanism are drivingly connected;
The rotating mechanism includes the first rotary components, the second rotary components and third rotary components, first rotation Component and polishing mechanism are sequentially connected, and second rotary components and the first rotary components are sequentially connected, the third rotation group Part and the second rotary components are sequentially connected;
The elevating mechanism includes lifting assembly and rotates horizontally component, and the horizontal rotation component is arranged in lifting assembly Top, and the horizontal rotation component is flexibly connected with lifting assembly, the horizontal rotation component control lifting assembly rotation, The rotating mechanism, which is fixed at, to be rotated horizontally on component.
The lifting assembly, which drives, to be rotated horizontally component and moves up and down, so drive rotating mechanism and polishing mechanism together on Lower movement, and during up and down motion, the horizontal rotation component independently makes rotating motion, and then drives rotating mechanism and throwing Ray machine structure rotates horizontally together.Polishing mechanism and rotating mechanism, which are each attached to, to be rotated horizontally on component, and polishing mechanism is in lifting group It can be freely lifted along the lifting direction of lifting assembly under the drive of part, change the polishing height of polishing mechanism;Further, it is rising During part of coming down to a lower group is gone up and down, rotates horizontally component and polishing mechanism is driven to rotate freely in the horizontal plane, change in the horizontal direction Become the polishing angle of polishing mechanism, in addition driving the rotation of polishing mechanism in the vertical direction with rotating mechanism, greatly improves The freedom degree of polishing mechanism, is easy to implement the comprehensive polishing to workpiece.
Further, the polishing mechanism includes bracket, abrasive band and a plurality of grinding wheels, and a plurality of grinding wheels are respectively provided with On bracket, and a plurality of grinding wheels are enclosed polygon, and the abrasive band is tensioned in a plurality of grinding wheels, the branch The mounting hole for being fixedly connected with rotating mechanism is provided on frame, one of grinding wheel and rotating mechanism are drivingly connected, should Abrasive band rotation is driven after grinding wheel rotation, and then abrasive band drives other grinding wheels to rotate.The abrasive band in grinding wheel ceaselessly Rotation, for the polishing to processing materials and parts, it is preferred that it is irregular polygon that a plurality of grinding wheels, which are enclosed polygon, The angle of shape, each apex angle is not necessarily identical, and the link position of bracket and the first rotary components is located at partially in polygon Heart position makes bracket eccentric rotation in rotation, can be adapted to the curved surface of different processing materials and parts, increase the suitable of abrasive band polishing With property.
Further, first rotary components and bracket and grinding wheel are sequentially connected, and first rotary components drive sand Rotation with rotation and bracket, second rotary components and the transmission of the first rotary components connect, and second rotary components drive First rotary components and polishing mechanism are whole rotation, the i.e. revolution of bracket by rotation center of the second rotary components.
Further, first rotary components include the first inner shaft, the first outer shaft, first gear, second gear and belt Wheel, first outer shaft are socketed in the first inner shaft by bearing, and the first gear is fixed on the front end of the first inner shaft, belt Wheel is fixed on the tip of the axis in first, belt pulley and grinding wheel and is drivingly connected by belt, and the first of the second gear fixation Outer shaft front end, the bracket are fixed on the first outer the tip of the axis by mounting hole.Mounting hole on bracket not with a plurality of abrasive bands Wheel is enclosed the center of gravity of polygon and coincides, when bracket is that rotation center rotates using mounting hole, be conducive to expanded stent and The scope of activities in abrasive band;The abrasive band ceaselessly rotates in grinding wheel, and for the polishing to processing materials and parts, the bracket is to pacify Hole is filled as rotation center rotation, i.e. the rotation of bracket, bracket drives abrasive band and grinding wheel to rotate in perpendicular, can be adapted to The curved surface of different processing materials and parts, increases the suitability of abrasive band polishing.
Further, second rotary components include the second inner shaft, third gear, the 4th gear, the 5th gear, crank and First motor, the third gear are fixed on the front end of the second inner shaft, and the 4th gear and the 5th gear pass through bearing respectively Be socketed in the tip of the axis in second, the 4th gear and the 5th gear are flexibly connected with the second inner shaft, and the 4th gear with 5th gear independently rotates, and the 4th gear is engaged with first gear, and the 5th gear is engaged with second gear, institute It states third gear and first motor is drivingly connected;The tip of the axis is provided with crank in described second, and the crank is fixedly attached to In second inner shaft, the other end of the crank is socketed in the first inner shaft by bearing.Second is socketed in second inner shaft Outer shaft, second outer shaft is arranged between third gear and the 4th gear, for third gear and the 4th gear to be separated, benefit Layout between each component.Specifically, there are two through-holes, one of through-hole mutually to fit with the first inner shaft for setting on the crank Match, another through-hole is adapted with the second inner shaft, makes the first double-shaft mechanism and polishing mechanism with crank and second using crank The junction of inner shaft is rotation center rotation so that polishing mechanism is gone up and down in a certain altitude range, i.e. the revolution of bracket, more into One step expands the scope of activities in abrasive band, increases the suitability of abrasive band polishing.
Further, the third rotary components include third inner shaft, third outer shaft, the 6th gear, the 7th gear, octadentate Wheel, the 9th gear and the second motor, the third outer shaft are socketed in third inner shaft by bearing, and the 6th gear fixation is set It sets in the front end of third inner shaft, the 9th gear is fixed at the tip of the axis in third, the 7th gear fixed setting In the front end of third outer shaft, the eighth gear is fixed at the outer the tip of the axis of third, the 6th gear and third gear Transmission connection, the 7th gear are connect with the second motor driven, and the eighth gear is meshed with the 4th gear, and the described 9th Gear is meshed with the 5th gear.The rotation of the 7th gear of second motor driven, the 7th gear drive octadentate by third outer shaft Wheel rotation, and then drive the 4th gear, first gear, pulley rotation and abrasive band rotation;First motor drives third gear to turn Dynamic, third gear drives the rotation of the 6th gear, and the 6th gear drives the rotation of the 9th gear by third inner shaft, and then drives the 5th Gear, second gear and holder pivots.It is utilized respectively first motor driving third gear and the 7th gear of the second motor driven, and The drive connection of third gear and the 7th gear is reached into polishing mechanism, so that the slewing rate of abrasive band rotation and bracket rotation is not It synchronizes and is independent of each other;The revolution of bracket is to drive the rotation of crank by the second inner shaft by third gear, and the rotation of bracket is The rotation of the 6th gear is driven to drive to bracket again by third gear, because there are transmission ratios between gear, revolving speed between the two can With control, controlling the transmission ratio can make to be adapted between the rotation of bracket and the revolution of bracket, be conducive to be adapted to different processing The curved surface of materials and parts increases the suitability of abrasive band polishing.
Further, the lifting assembly includes column, screw rod, lifting nut, lifting covers and elevation driving unit, described Column is hollow cylinder, and the screw rod, lifting nut, lifting set are arranged in column, and the lifting nut is socketed in silk On bar, the lifting nut is matched with screw rod, and the rotating mechanism is fixedly connected with the front end of lifting set, the lifting set End supports on lifting nut, and the screw rod rotation drives lifting nut lifting, and then drives lifting set upward along screw axis Lower movement, the elevation driving unit and the screw rod are drivingly connected.During screw rod rotates, due to lifting nut and screw rod Between meshing relation and lifting set end support on lifting nut, the lifting nut being socketed on screw rod will be along screw rod liter Drop, during lifting nut lifting, the lifting set being resisted against on lifting nut is gone up and down with lifting nut, drives rotating mechanism It is gone up and down with polishing mechanism, and then changes the polishing height of polishing mechanism.
Further, the elevation driving unit includes lifting motor, lifting worm gear and elevating endless screw, the lifting worm gear It being socketed in the lower part of screw rod, and the lifting worm gear is fixedly connected with screw rod, the elevating endless screw and lifting motor are drivingly connected, The elevating endless screw engages with lifting worm gear holding.Servo motor can be used in lifting motor, can be freely positive and negative using servo motor Turn and control the features such as accurate, using the rotation of the cooperation control screw rod between worm gear and worm screw, and then realizes the liter of lifting set Drop control, it is easy to operate, it is easy to accomplish, and manufacturing cost is low.
Further, the horizontal rotation component includes rotary sleeve and rotary drive assembly, and the horizontal rotation component is solid The top of column is set calmly, the rotary sleeve and rotary drive assembly are drivingly connected, and the rotary sleeve is socketed in lifting and puts on, The rotary sleeve is flexibly connected with lifting set, slide protrusion is provided on the rotary sleeve medial surface, the lifting puts on setting Sliding recess, the slide protrusion are adapted with sliding recess.The setting of the slide protrusion and sliding recess, plays limit Effect, the rotary sleeve drive lifting set to rotate together during rotation, through slide protrusion, and because lifting puts on setting There is sliding recess compatible with slide protrusion, lifting is covered not to be separated during lifting with rotary sleeve, to realize liter It drops the lifting of set and rotates respective self-movement and be independent of each other.
Further, the rotary drive assembly includes rotating electric machine and rotary worm, the rotating electric machine and rotary worm It is drivingly connected, opens up rotary teeth on the outer peripheral surface of rotary sleeve, the rotary teeth is meshed with rotary worm, and the rotating electric machine drives Dynamic rotary worm rotation, and then drive rotary sleeve and lifting set rotation.Rotating mechanism and polishing mechanism are fixed on lifting and put on, rotation It is flexibly connected between pivoted housing and lifting set, lifting covers the rotary motion under the driving effect of rotating electric machine, in the drive of lifting motor It is moved up and down under dynamic, and then polishing mechanism and rotating mechanism is driven to rotate and go up and down in the horizontal plane in perpendicular, into And change the polishing position of polishing mechanism.Rotating electric machine is set, and rotating electric machine drives rotary sleeve, the rotary motion of rotary sleeve can It is precisely rotated under the control of rotating electric machine, facilitates operator accurately to control polishing angle, utilize rotary teeth and rotary worm Between engagement cooperation, Motor torque and revolving speed are not only efficiently delivered, while reducing the volume of device, so that whole dress That sets is compact-sized, small in size, and work efficiency is high.
It is an advantage of the present invention that the present invention provides a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head, the polishing machine head can more than It is lower lifting, in the horizontal and vertical directions can multi-angle rotation, can be adapted with the curved surface of special-shaped workpiece, utilize the device Full automatic comprehensive polishing can be carried out to common workpiece and special-shaped workpiece, reduce cost of labor, improve polishing efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
The structural schematic diagram for the Full-automatic polishing machine head that Fig. 1 is implemented for the present invention.
The structural schematic diagram for the polishing mechanism that Fig. 2 is implemented for the present invention.
The structural schematic diagram of polishing mechanism and rotating mechanism that Fig. 3 is implemented for the present invention.
The structural schematic diagram for the rotating mechanism that Fig. 4 is implemented for the present invention.
The structural schematic diagram for the crank that Fig. 5 is implemented for the present invention.
The structural schematic diagram for the elevating mechanism that Fig. 6 is implemented for the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the elevating mechanism partial schematic diagram in Fig. 6.
The elevating mechanism cross-sectional view that Fig. 8 is implemented for the present invention.
The lifting set and rotary sleeve structural schematic diagram that Fig. 9 is implemented for the present invention.
Figure 10 rotates organigram for the abrasive band that the present invention is implemented.
The bracket revolution organigram that Figure 11 is implemented for the present invention.
The bracket rotation organigram that Figure 12 is implemented for the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
The present invention provides a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine heads: referring to Fig.1-12.
A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head comprising polishing mechanism 1 for being polished to materials and parts to be processed, for controlling Polishing mechanism 1 processed in perpendicular multi-angle transformation rotating mechanism 2, for controlling polishing mechanism 1 and about 2 rotating mechanism Lifting and the elevating mechanism 3 rotated in horizontal plane, polishing mechanism 1 are arranged on rotating mechanism 2, polishing mechanism 1 and rotation Mechanism 2 is drivingly connected, and rotating mechanism 2 is fixed on elevating mechanism 3, and elevating mechanism 3 and rotating mechanism 2 are drivingly connected;Rotation Rotation mechanism 2 includes the first rotary components 21, the second rotary components 22 and third rotary components 23, the first rotary components 21 and polishing Mechanism 1 is sequentially connected, and the second rotary components 22 and the first rotary components 21 are sequentially connected, third rotary components 23 and the second rotation Component 22 is sequentially connected;Elevating mechanism 3 includes lifting assembly 31 and rotates horizontally component 32, rotates horizontally the setting of component 32 and is rising It comes down to a lower group the top of part 31, and rotates horizontally component 32 and be flexibly connected with lifting assembly 31, rotating mechanism 2 is fixed at horizontal rotation Turn on component 32.
Lifting assembly 31, which drives, rotates horizontally the up and down motion of component 32, and then drives rotating mechanism 2 and polishing mechanism 1 together It moves up and down, and during up and down motion, rotates horizontally component 32 and independently make rotating motion, and then drive 2 He of rotating mechanism Polishing mechanism 1 rotates horizontally together.Polishing mechanism 1 and rotating mechanism 2, which are each attached to, to be rotated horizontally on component 32, polishing mechanism 1 It can be freely lifted along the lifting direction of lifting assembly 31 under the drive of lifting assembly 31, change the polishing height of polishing mechanism 1; Further, it during lifting assembly 31 is gone up and down, rotates horizontally component 32 and polishing mechanism 1 is driven freely to revolve in the horizontal plane Turn, change the polishing angle of polishing mechanism 1 in the horizontal direction, in addition driving polishing mechanism 1 in vertical direction with rotating mechanism 2 On rotation, greatly improve the freedom degree of polishing mechanism 1, be easy to implement the comprehensive polishing to workpiece.
Polishing mechanism 1 includes bracket 11, abrasive band 12 and a plurality of grinding wheels 13, and a plurality of grinding wheels 13 are arranged at bracket On 11, and a plurality of grinding wheels 13 are enclosed polygon, and abrasive band 12 is tensioned in a plurality of grinding wheels 13, is arranged on bracket 11 There is the mounting hole for being fixedly connected with rotating mechanism 2, one of grinding wheel 13 is drivingly connected with rotating mechanism 2, the abrasive band Abrasive band rotation is driven after 13 rotation of wheel, and then abrasive band 12 drives the rotation of other grinding wheels 13.Abrasive band in grinding wheel 13 ceaselessly Rotation, for the polishing to processing materials and parts, it is preferred that it is irregular polygon that a plurality of grinding wheels 13, which are enclosed polygon, The angle of shape, each apex angle is not necessarily identical, and the link position of bracket 11 and the first rotary components 21 position in polygon In eccentric position, makes the eccentric rotation in rotation of bracket 11, the curved surface of different processing materials and parts can be adapted to, increase abrasive band 12 The suitability of polishing.
First rotary components 21 are sequentially connected with bracket 11 and grinding wheel 13, and the first rotary components 21 drive abrasive band 12 to rotate With the rotation of bracket 11, second rotary components 22 and the transmission of the first rotary components 21 connect, and the second rotary components 22 drive the It is rotation center rotation, the i.e. revolution of bracket 11 that one rotary components 21 and polishing mechanism 1, which are integrally with the second rotary components 22,.
First rotary components 21 include the first inner shaft 211, the first outer shaft 212, first gear 213, second gear 214 and skin Belt wheel 215, the first outer shaft 212 are socketed in the first inner shaft 211 by bearing, and first gear 213 is fixed on the first inner shaft 211 Front end, belt pulley 215 are fixed on the end of the first inner shaft 211, belt pulley 215 and grinding wheel 13 and are drivingly connected by belt, the Fixed 212 front end of the first outer shaft of two gears 214, bracket 11 are fixed on the end of the first outer shaft 212 by mounting hole.Bracket 11 On the mounting hole center of gravity that is not enclosed polygon with a plurality of grinding wheels 13 coincide, when bracket 11 is rotation with mounting hole When center rotating, be conducive to the scope of activities of expanded stent 11 Yu abrasive band 12;Abrasive band 12 ceaselessly rotates in grinding wheel 13, uses In the polishing to processing materials and parts, bracket 11 is rotated by rotation center of mounting hole, i.e. the rotation of bracket 11, bracket 11 drives abrasive band 12 and grinding wheel 13 rotate in perpendicular, the curved surface of different processing materials and parts can be adapted to, increase the adaptation of abrasive band polishing Property.
Second rotary components 22 include the second inner shaft 221, third gear 222, the 4th gear 223, the 5th gear 224, song Handle 225 and first motor 226, third gear 222 are fixed on the front end of the second inner shaft 221, the 4th gear 223 and the 5th gear 224 are socketed in the end of the second inner shaft 221 by bearing respectively, the 4th gear 223 and the 5th gear 224 with the second inner shaft 221 are flexibly connected, and the 4th gear 223 is independently rotated with the 5th gear 224, and the 4th gear 223 is nibbled with first gear 213 It closes, the 5th gear 224 is engaged with second gear 214, and third gear 222 and first motor 226 are drivingly connected;Second inner shaft 221 End be provided with crank 225, crank 225 is fixedly attached in the second inner shaft 221, and the other end of crank 225 passes through bearing holder (housing, cover) It connects in the first inner shaft 211.
Specifically, the driving of the first motor 226 can are as follows: first motor 226 and worm screw 227 are drivingly connected, with worm screw 227 compatible turbines 228 are fixedly connected with the second inner shaft 221, and first motor 226 drives turbine in the driving rotation of worm screw 227 228 rotations, and then drive the rotation of the second inner shaft 221 and third gear 222.The second outer shaft (figure is socketed in second inner shaft 221 Do not show), the second outer shaft is arranged between third gear 222 and the 4th gear 223, is used for third gear 222 and the 4th gear 223 separate, conducive to the layout between each component.There are two through-hole, one of through-hole and the first inner shafts for setting on crank 225 211 are adapted, another through-hole is adapted with the second inner shaft 221, make the first double-shaft mechanism and polishing mechanism using crank 225 1 rotates by rotation center of the junction of crank 225 and the second inner shaft 221, so that polishing mechanism 1 rises in a certain altitude range Drop, the i.e. revolution of bracket 11 further expand the scope of activities in abrasive band 12, increase the suitability that abrasive band 12 polishes.
Third rotary components 23 include third inner shaft 231, third outer shaft 232, the 6th gear 233, the 7th gear 234, the Octadentate wheel 235, the 9th gear 236 and the second motor 237, third outer shaft 232 are socketed in third inner shaft 231 by bearing, the Six gears 233 are fixed at the front end of third inner shaft 231, and the 9th gear 236 is fixed at the end of third inner shaft 231, 7th gear 234 is fixed at the front end of third outer shaft 232, and eighth gear 235 is fixed at the end of third outer shaft 232 End, the 6th gear 233 are sequentially connected with third gear 222, and the 7th gear 234 and the second motor 237 are drivingly connected, eighth gear 235 are meshed with the 4th gear 223, and the 9th gear 236 is meshed with the 5th gear 224.
Second motor 237 drives the rotation of the 7th gear 234, and the 7th gear 234 drives eighth gear by third outer shaft 232 235 rotations, and then drive the 4th gear 223, first gear 213, the rotation of belt pulley 215 and abrasive band rotation;First motor 226 is driven Dynamic third gear 222 rotates, and third gear 222 drives the rotation of the 6th gear 233, and the 6th gear 233 passes through 231 band of third inner shaft Dynamic 9th gear 236 rotation, and then the 5th gear 224, second gear 214 and bracket 11 is driven to rotate.It is utilized respectively the first electricity Machine 226 drives third gear 222 and the second motor 237 to drive the 7th gear 234, and by third gear 222 and the 7th gear 234 Drive connection reach polishing mechanism 1 so that the rotation of abrasive band 12 is asynchronous with the slewing rate of 11 rotation of bracket and be independent of each other; The revolution of bracket 11 be by third gear 222 by the second inner shaft 221 drive crank 225 rotation, the rotation of bracket 11 be by Third gear 222 drives the rotation of the 6th gear 233 to drive to bracket 11 again, because there are transmission ratios between gear, between the two Revolving speed can control, and controlling the transmission ratio can make to be adapted between the rotation of bracket 11 and the revolution of bracket 11, be conducive to be adapted to The curved surface of different processing materials and parts, increases the suitability that abrasive band 12 polishes.
The lifting assembly 31 includes that column 311, screw rod 312, lifting nut 313, lifting set 314 and lifting driving are single Member 315, the column 311 are hollow cylinder, and the screw rod 312, lifting nut 313, lifting set 314 are arranged at column In 311, the lifting nut 313 is socketed on screw rod 312, and the lifting nut 313 is matched with screw rod 312, the rotation Mechanism 2 is fixedly connected with the front end of lifting set 314, and the end of the lifting set 314 supports on lifting nut 313, the silk The rotation of bar 312 drives the lifting of lifting nut 313, and then drives lifting set 314 along the axial up and down motion of screw rod 312, the lifting Driving unit 315 and the screw rod 312 are drivingly connected.During screw rod 312 rotates, due to lifting nut 313 and screw rod 312 Between meshing relation and lifting set 314 end support on lifting nut 313, the lifting nut being socketed on screw rod 312 313 will go up and down along screw rod 312, lifting nut 313 go up and down during, be resisted against on lifting nut 313 lifting set 314 with Lifting nut 313 is gone up and down, and drives rotating mechanism 2 and polishing mechanism 1 to go up and down, and then change the polishing height of polishing mechanism 2.
The elevation driving unit 315 includes lifting motor 316, lifting worm gear 317 and elevating endless screw 318, the liter Drop worm gear 317 is socketed in the lower part of screw rod 312, and the lifting worm gear 317 is fixedly connected with screw rod 312, the elevating endless screw 318 are drivingly connected with lifting motor 316, and the elevating endless screw 318 engages with the lifting holding of worm gear 317.Lifting motor 316 can be adopted With servo motor, using servo motor can free positive and negative rotation and the features such as accurate control, utilize the cooperation between worm gear and worm screw The rotation of screw rod 312 is controlled, and then realizes the elevating control of lifting set 314, it is easy to operate, it is easy to accomplish, and manufacturing cost is low.
The horizontal rotation component 32 includes rotary sleeve 321 and rotary drive assembly 322, the horizontal rotation component 32 It is fixed at the top of column, the rotary sleeve 321 is drivingly connected with rotary drive assembly 322, and the rotary sleeve 321 is socketed On lifting set 314, the rotary sleeve 312 is flexibly connected with lifting set 314, is provided with cunning on 321 medial surface of rotary sleeve Dynamic protrusion 323, the lifting, which covers, is arranged sliding recess 324 on 314, the slide protrusion 323 is adapted with sliding recess 324. Limit, process of the rotary sleeve 321 in rotation are played the role of in the setting of the slide protrusion 323 and sliding recess 324 In, drive lifting set 314 to rotate together by slide protrusion 323, and because being provided with and 323 phase of slide protrusion on lifting set 314 The sliding recess 324 of adaptation, lifting set 314 are not separated during lifting with rotary sleeve 321, to realize lifting set It 314 lifting and the respective self-movement of rotation and is independent of each other.
The rotary drive assembly 322 includes rotating electric machine 325 and rotary worm 326, the rotating electric machine 325 and rotation Worm screw 326 is drivingly connected, and opens up rotary teeth 327, the rotary teeth 327 and 326 phase of rotary worm on the outer peripheral surface of rotary sleeve 321 Engagement, the rotating electric machine 325 drive rotary worm 326 to rotate, and then drive 314 rotation of rotary sleeve 321 and lifting set.Rotation Mechanism 2 and polishing mechanism 1 are fixed on lifting set 314, are flexibly connected between rotary sleeve 321 and lifting set 314, lifting set 314 The rotary motion under the driving effect of rotating electric machine 325 moves up and down under the driving of lifting motor 316, and then drives and throw Ray machine structure 1 and rotating mechanism 2 are rotated in the horizontal plane and are gone up and down in perpendicular, and then change the polishing position of polishing mechanism 1 It sets.Rotating electric machine 325 is set, and rotating electric machine 325 drives rotary sleeve 321, the rotary motion of rotary sleeve 321 can be in rotating electric machine Precisely rotated under 325 control, operator facilitated accurately to control polishing angle, using rotary teeth 327 and rotary worm 326 it Between engagement cooperation, Motor torque and revolving speed are not only efficiently delivered, while reducing the volume of device, so that single unit system It is compact-sized, small in size, work efficiency is high.
Wherein, the working method of the rotating mechanism are as follows:
The rotation in abrasive band: the rotation of the 7th gear of the second motor driven, the 7th gear drive eighth gear by third outer shaft Rotation, eighth gear drive the rotation of the 4th gear, and the 4th gear drives first gear rotation, and first gear passes through the first inner shaft band Dynamic pulley rotation, belt pulley drive abrasive band driving wheel to rotate by belt, and abrasive band rotation is driven after the rotation of abrasive band driving wheel, from And grinding wheel is driven to rotate;
The revolution of bracket: first motor drives worm screw rotation, and turbine rotation is driven after worm screw rotation, and turbine drives in second Axis rotation, the second inner shaft drive crank rotation, so the first double-shaft mechanism of crank handle turns and polishing mechanism be it is whole with crank and The junction of second inner shaft is rotation center rotation, so that polishing mechanism is gone up and down in a certain altitude range;
The rotation of bracket: driving the rotation of third gear while the second inner shaft rotates, third gear drives the 6th gear to turn Dynamic, the 6th gear drives the rotation of the 9th gear by third inner shaft, and the 9th gear drives the rotation of the 5th gear, and the 5th gear drives Second gear rotation, second gear drive bracket to rotate by rotation center of mounting hole by the first outer shaft.
It is an advantage of the present invention that the present invention provides a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head, the polishing machine head can more than It is lower lifting, in the horizontal and vertical directions can multi-angle rotation, can be adapted with the curved surface of special-shaped workpiece, utilize the device Full automatic comprehensive polishing can be carried out to common workpiece and special-shaped workpiece, reduce cost of labor, improve polishing efficiency.
It is above the preferred embodiment of the invention, but the present invention is not limited to this, any those skilled in the art Member can think of variation should all fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head includes at least polishing mechanism, which is characterized in that it further includes for controlling polishing Mechanism in perpendicular multi-angle transformation rotating mechanism, for controlling polishing mechanism and rotating mechanism oscilaltion and in water The elevating mechanism of average rotation in surface, the polishing mechanism are arranged on rotating mechanism, and the polishing mechanism and rotating mechanism drive Dynamic connection, the rotating mechanism are fixed on elevating mechanism, and the elevating mechanism and rotating mechanism are drivingly connected;
The rotating mechanism includes the first rotary components, the second rotary components and third rotary components, first rotary components Be sequentially connected with polishing mechanism, second rotary components and the first rotary components are sequentially connected, the third rotary components and The transmission connection of second rotary components;
The elevating mechanism includes lifting assembly and rotates horizontally component, and the upper of lifting assembly is arranged in the horizontal rotation component Portion, and the horizontal rotation component is flexibly connected with lifting assembly, the rotating mechanism, which is fixed at, to be rotated horizontally on component.
2. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the polishing mechanism includes branch Frame, abrasive band and a plurality of grinding wheels, a plurality of grinding wheels are arranged on bracket, and a plurality of grinding wheels enclose shape At polygon, the abrasive band is tensioned in a plurality of grinding wheels, is provided on the bracket for being fixedly connected with rotating mechanism Mounting hole, one of grinding wheel and rotating mechanism be drivingly connected, and abrasive band rotation, and then abrasive band are driven after grinding wheel rotation Other grinding wheels are driven to rotate.
3. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first rotary components and branch Frame and grinding wheel transmission connection, first rotary components drive the rotation of abrasive band rotation and bracket, second rotary components It is sequentially connected with the first rotary components, second rotary components drive the first rotary components and polishing mechanism is whole with second Rotary components are rotation center rotation, the i.e. revolution of bracket.
4. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 3, which is characterized in that first rotary components include First inner shaft, the first outer shaft, first gear, second gear and belt pulley, first outer shaft are socketed in first by bearing On axis, the first gear is fixed on the front end of the first inner shaft, and belt pulley is fixed on the tip of the axis in first, belt pulley and abrasive band Wheel is drivingly connected by belt, the first outer shaft front end of second gear fixation, and the bracket is fixed on the by mounting hole One outer the tip of the axis.
5. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 4, which is characterized in that second rotary components include Second inner shaft, third gear, the 4th gear, the 5th gear, crank and first motor, the third gear are fixed on the second inner shaft Front end, the 4th gear and the 5th gear pass through bearing respectively and be socketed in the tip of the axis in second, the 4th gear and 5th gear is flexibly connected with the second inner shaft, and the 4th gear is independently rotated with the 5th gear, the 4th gear with First gear engagement, the 5th gear are engaged with second gear, and the third gear and first motor are drivingly connected;Described The tip of the axis is provided with crank in two, and the crank is fixedly attached in the second inner shaft, and the other end of the crank passes through bearing It is socketed in the first inner shaft.
6. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the third rotary components include Third inner shaft, third outer shaft, the 6th gear, the 7th gear, eighth gear, the 9th gear and the second motor, the third outer shaft It is socketed in third inner shaft by bearing, the 6th gear is fixed at the front end of third inner shaft, and the 9th gear is solid Fixed the tip of the axis, the 7th gear of being arranged in third is fixed at the front end of third outer shaft, and the eighth gear is fixed The tip of the axis, the 6th gear is arranged outside third to connect with third gear drive, the 7th gear and the second motor drive Dynamic connection, the eighth gear are meshed with the 4th gear, and the 9th gear is meshed with the 5th gear.
7. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the lifting assembly includes vertical Column, screw rod, lifting nut, lifting set and elevation driving unit, the column be hollow cylinder, the screw rod, lifting nut, Lifting set is arranged in column, and the lifting nut is socketed on screw rod, and the lifting nut is matched with screw rod, the rotation Rotation mechanism is fixedly connected with the front end of lifting set, and the end of the lifting set supports on lifting nut, and the screw rod rotates band Dynamic lifting nut lifting, and then lifting set is driven to drive along screw axis to up and down motion, the elevation driving unit and the screw rod Dynamic connection.
8. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the elevation driving unit includes There are lifting motor, lifting worm gear and elevating endless screw, the lifting worm gear is socketed in the lower part of screw rod, and the lifting worm gear and silk Bar is fixedly connected, and the elevating endless screw and lifting motor are drivingly connected, and the elevating endless screw engages with lifting worm gear holding.
9. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the horizontal rotation component includes There are rotary sleeve and rotary drive assembly, the top for rotating horizontally component and being fixed at column, the rotary sleeve and rotation Driving assembly is drivingly connected, and the rotary sleeve is socketed in lifting and puts on, and the rotary sleeve is flexibly connected with lifting set, the rotation It is provided with slide protrusion on set medial surface, the lifting puts on setting sliding recess, and the slide protrusion is mutually fitted with sliding recess Match.
10. a kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the rotary drive assembly packet Rotating electric machine and rotary worm are included, the rotating electric machine and rotary worm are drivingly connected, and open up rotation on the outer peripheral surface of rotary sleeve Tooth, the rotary teeth are meshed with rotary worm, the rotating electric machine driving rotary worm rotation, and then drive rotary sleeve and liter Drop set rotation.
CN201910079312.9A 2019-01-28 2019-01-28 A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head Pending CN109623592A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110576372A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-17 吉林大学 Grinding, polishing and measuring integrated abrasive belt tool
CN110695819A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-01-17 重庆大学 Double-shaft driving abrasive belt grinding head
CN110790479A (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-02-14 醴陵旗滨电子玻璃有限公司 Machine head assembly

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FR977691A (en) * 1942-10-13 1951-04-04 Machine for cutting and polishing aspherical or conical surfaces using abrasive tape tools
JP3179830U (en) * 2012-08-27 2012-11-22 文明 遠藤 Belt sander
CN206066152U (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-04-05 北京鑫瑞潞丰工贸有限公司 A kind of screw rod buffing machine rotary grinding unit
CN106985038A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-28 南阳龙腾专用车制造有限公司 A kind of tank body multi-angle polishes grinding machine
CN108747740A (en) * 2018-08-06 2018-11-06 深圳市钜达机械设备有限公司 Full-automatic polishing machine
CN209477935U (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-10-11 深圳市钜达机械设备有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR977691A (en) * 1942-10-13 1951-04-04 Machine for cutting and polishing aspherical or conical surfaces using abrasive tape tools
JP3179830U (en) * 2012-08-27 2012-11-22 文明 遠藤 Belt sander
CN206066152U (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-04-05 北京鑫瑞潞丰工贸有限公司 A kind of screw rod buffing machine rotary grinding unit
CN106985038A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-28 南阳龙腾专用车制造有限公司 A kind of tank body multi-angle polishes grinding machine
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CN209477935U (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-10-11 深圳市钜达机械设备有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic polishing machine head

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110790479A (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-02-14 醴陵旗滨电子玻璃有限公司 Machine head assembly
CN110790479B (en) * 2019-08-30 2024-03-19 湖南旗滨医药材料科技有限公司 Machine head assembly
CN110576372A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-17 吉林大学 Grinding, polishing and measuring integrated abrasive belt tool
CN110576372B (en) * 2019-09-20 2021-04-13 吉林大学 Grinding, polishing and measuring integrated abrasive belt tool
CN110695819A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-01-17 重庆大学 Double-shaft driving abrasive belt grinding head

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