CN110511078A - A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110511078A
CN110511078A CN201910728132.9A CN201910728132A CN110511078A CN 110511078 A CN110511078 A CN 110511078A CN 201910728132 A CN201910728132 A CN 201910728132A CN 110511078 A CN110511078 A CN 110511078A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
swill
navel orange
sawdust
dedicated fertilizer
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CN201910728132.9A
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Inventor
刘金龙
黄军赣
谢振盛
许世芳
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JIANGXI XINMINGFANG FOOD DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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JIANGXI XINMINGFANG FOOD DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910728132.9A priority Critical patent/CN110511078A/en
Publication of CN110511078A publication Critical patent/CN110511078A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of navel oranges to plant dedicated fertilizer, calculates by its parts by weight, forms as follows: 60-80 parts of swill;80-100 parts of sawdust;80-100 parts of decayed fruit;60-70 parts of feces of livestock and poultry;10-15 parts of brown sugar;25-35 parts of calcium oxide;5-10 parts of starch;2-4 parts of lipase;1-2 parts of protein decomposition enzyme;2-4 parts of leavening;2-4 parts of hemicellulase;5-10 parts of vinasse;Navel orange decayed fruit, shedding can be effectively recycled by the present invention, be easy to draw materials, and be convenient for oneself processed fertilizer of plantation procuring equipment, reduce planting cost;Navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer of the invention can effectively improve yield, improve land fertility and be worth promoting convenient for the sustainable development in orchard.

Description

A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to navel orange planting technology field, specifically a kind of special fertilizer suitable for the plantation of large-scale navel orange Material.
Background technique
Navel orange is the citrus breeding that countries in the world are competitively cultivated.Currently, many high-quality navel oranges are also cultivated in China various regions.Navel orange It is full of nutrition, contain all kinds of nutritions necessary to human body.Navel orange contains vitamin C and beta carotene, helps In the formation for inhibiting carcinogen, moreover it is possible to softening and protection blood vessel promote blood circulation, help to reduce cholesterol and blood lipid, The possibility to suffer from a heart complaint is reduced, gallbladder disease is prevented.
In order to improve yield, guarantee fruit quality, needs each stage grown in navel orange to apply fertilizer fruit tree, change Although learning fertilizer efficiently, higher cost, and also it is more serious for the loss of soil fertility, for replacing fertilizer, at present Just greatly develop organic fertilizer:
(1) organic fertilizer contains a large amount of organic matter, has apparent Soil building effect;Chemical fertilizer can only provide work Object inorganic nutrients, chronic administration can cause adverse effect to soil, make soil " the more planting the more gluttonous ".
(2) organic fertilizer is containing there are many nutrient, contained nutrient overall balances;And nutrient type contained by chemical fertilizer is single, for a long time It is uneven to apply the nutrient be easy to causeing in soil and food.
(3) organic fertilizer nutrient content is low, needs largely to apply, and chemical fertilizer nutrient content is high, and amount of application is few.
(4) organic fertilizer fertilizer efficiency time is long;Chemical fertilizer fertilizer efficiency period is short and violent, be easy to cause nutrient loss, pollutes environment.
(5) organic fertilizer derives from naturally, not having any chemical synthesis substance in fertilizer, and chronic administration can improve agricultural production Quality;Chemical fertilizer category pure chemistry synthetic, application is improper to reduce agricultural production quality.
(6) organic fertilizer in the process of production and processing, as long as passing through sufficient decomposed processing, can improve crop after application Drought resisting, disease-resistant, insect resistance capacity, reduce the usage amount of pesticide;Chronic administration chemical fertilizer, it is past due to reducing the immunity of plant Toward needing a large amount of chemical pesticide to maintain plant growth, harmful substance in food is be easy to cause to increase.
(7) contain a large amount of beneficial microbe in organic fertilizer, the biotransformation in soil can be promoted, be conducive to The continuous improvement of soil fertility;Long-term a large amount of application chemical fertilizer can inhibit the activity of edaphon, lead to the automatic of soil Regulating power decline;With the development of organic fertilizer, the fertilization mode that mostly uses chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer to be used in mixed way now;
Application No. is the Chinese patents of CN201811437598.5 to disclose a kind of " navel orange fertilizer, which is characterized in that by weight Amount part meter is made of following component: 125-135 parts of farmyard manure, 12-20 parts of urea, 8-15 parts of potassium carbonate, 1-6 parts of rice bran, vegetation 36-55 parts native, 1-5 parts of orange peel, 8-12 parts of birds droppings, 1-2 parts of ammonium carbonate, 10-30 parts of clay, 2-5 parts of potassium phosphate, soda 1-2 Part, 4-6 parts of yeast powder, 5-6 parts of tealeaf residue ";
Disclose that " the invention discloses a kind of mandarin orange orange special bios to have application No. is the Chinese patent of 201711405508.X Machine fertilizer, by feces of livestock and poultry, mushroom residue, bagasse, the raw material such as tobacco powder, humic acid, VT bacterium are through crushing, mixing, fermentation, sieve Choosing, it is dry, be granulated, etc. techniques be made, following each component effective content values are contained in fertilizer are as follows: nitrogen: 2.9%, five oxidations two Phosphorus: 1.75%, potassium oxide 2.46%, calcium oxide 2.1%, magnesia 0.7%, silica 0.2%, boron 0.6%, zinc 0.6%, copper 0.15%, molybdenum 0.2%, organic matter 40%, humic acid >=8%, amino acid >=5%, living bacteria count >=40,000,000 A/gram.Citrus specific complex microorganism fertilizer of the invention, in addition to containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium element needed for general crop growth, also Containing organic matter, humic acid needed for Ci trus growth and middle trace element magnesium, calcium, boron, zinc, copper etc., it can effectively enhance mandarin orange Tangerine is disease-resistant, diseases prevention, cold performance, accelerates Ci trus growth speed, and robust plant improves fruit bearing rate, improves yield, effectively changes Good fruit reality mouthfeel ";
Fertilizer in above-mentioned patent contains organic fertilizer ingredient, will appear in navel orange growth course in navel orange plantation Shedding will appear a large amount of decayed fruits after navel orange is mature, and the prior art mainly adopts buried processing or accumulation to make compost mode, both unrestrained Take resource, and influence environment, therefore considers the organic fertilizer that decayed fruit is made to suitable navel orange plantation by processing.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide the decayed fruit generated in a kind of materials navel orange plantation, effective recycling resource, sections About the navel orange of cost plants dedicated fertilizer, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer, is calculated by its parts by weight, is formed as follows:
As a further solution of the present invention: the navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer, calculates by its parts by weight, and composition is such as Under:
As a further solution of the present invention: the navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer, calculates by its parts by weight, and composition is such as Under:
As a further solution of the present invention: the navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer, calculates by its parts by weight, and composition is such as Under:
As a further solution of the present invention: the navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer, calculates by its parts by weight, and composition is such as Under:
As a further solution of the present invention: the navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer, calculates by its parts by weight, and composition is such as Under:
As a further solution of the present invention: the decayed fruit is collected rear institute by the decayed fruit of current year navel orange plantation output .
The preparation method of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: swill pre-processes: swill being handled through the resulting swill material of 100 mesh net filtrations through extruder, is obtained Single treatment swill material;Again by single treatment swill crushing material at slurry, and 5-10 parts of starch, 2-4 parts of rouge is added Fat enzyme, stirs evenly, and handles 15-20h naturally at 24-32 DEG C, thereafter, adds 5 parts of calcium oxide, stirs evenly, at 45-60 DEG C 1.5-2.0h is handled, secondary treatment swill material is obtained;1-2 parts of breaks down proteins are added into secondary treatment swill material again Enzyme, the encapsulation process 15-20h at 24-32 DEG C, dry thereafter, crushing obtain swill treatment powder;
Step 2: sawdust pre-processes: sawdust being first ground into the sawdust fine powder of 60 mesh or more, is then added and sawdust fine powder The identical water of weight is heated to 100 DEG C, stir process 2h, obtains sawdust wet feed after cooling;2-4 will be added in sawdust wet feed again Encapsulation process 10 days after the leavening of part, then through drying, crushing, sawdust yeast powder is obtained;
Step 3: decayed fruit pre-processes: crushing after decayed fruit and 10 parts of water are mixed, at decayed fruit slurry, add in decayed fruit slurry The vinasse for entering 10-15 parts of brown sugar, 2-4 parts of hemicellulase, 5-10 parts, 27 DEG C at a temperature of encapsulation process 10 days; To decayed fruit fermented slurry;
Step 4: putting into fermentation vat after the decayed fruit fermented slurry in step 3 is mixed with the swill treatment powder in step 1 For 24 hours, the sawdust yeast powder then added in 5 parts of water and step 2 ferments middle progress fermentation process again after mixing evenly Processing 5 days obtains fermentation process product, puts into 20-30 parts of calcium oxide in fermentation process into fermentation vat;
Step 5: after the fermentation process product in step 4 is mixed with poultry excrement and urine disposal powder, dry, granulation is obtained Navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer.
The calcium oxide put into fermentation process into fermentation vat in step 4, point 5 investments stir after investment equal every time It is even.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
One, effectively navel orange decayed fruit, shedding are recycled;
Two, swill, sawdust, decayed fruit, feces of livestock and poultry are the materials that navel orange plantation is easy to draw materials, and are purchased convenient for plantation Equipment oneself processed fertilizer reduces planting cost;
Three, navel orange of the invention plantation dedicated fertilizer can effectively improve yield, land fertility be improved, convenient for the length in orchard Development long.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the patent is explained in further detail With reference to embodiment.
Embodiment one
A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer, is calculated by its parts by weight, is formed as follows:
Navel orange plant dedicated fertilizer processing technology the following steps are included:
Step 1: swill pre-processes: swill being handled through the resulting swill material of 100 mesh net filtrations through extruder, is obtained Single treatment swill material;Again by single treatment swill crushing material at slurry, and starch, lipase is added, stirs evenly, In Naturally 15-20h is handled at 24-32 DEG C, thereafter, is added 5 parts of calcium oxide, is stirred evenly, handles 1.5-2.0h at 45-60 DEG C, Obtain secondary treatment swill material;Protein decomposition enzyme is added into secondary treatment swill material again, at 24-32 DEG C at sealing 15-20h is managed, dry thereafter, crushing obtains swill treatment powder;
Step 2: sawdust pre-processes: sawdust being first ground into the sawdust fine powder of 60 mesh or more, is then added and sawdust fine powder The identical water of weight is heated to 100 DEG C, stir process 2h, obtains sawdust wet feed after cooling;It will be added and send out in sawdust wet feed again Encapsulation process 10 days after ferment agent obtain sawdust yeast powder then through drying, crushing;
Step 3: decayed fruit pre-processes: crushing after decayed fruit and 10 parts of water are mixed, at decayed fruit slurry, add in decayed fruit slurry Enter brown sugar, hemicellulase, vinasse, 27 DEG C at a temperature of encapsulation process 10 days;Obtain decayed fruit fermented slurry;
Step 4: putting into fermentation vat after the decayed fruit fermented slurry in step 3 is mixed with the swill treatment powder in step 1 For 24 hours, the sawdust yeast powder then added in 5 parts of water and step 2 ferments middle progress fermentation process again after mixing evenly Processing 5 days obtains fermentation process product, puts into 20 parts of calcium oxide in fermentation process into fermentation vat, point 5 investments, investment After stir evenly;
Step 5: after the fermentation process product in step 4 is mixed with poultry excrement and urine disposal powder, dry, granulation is obtained Navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer.
Preferably, gained after the decayed fruit that above-mentioned decayed fruit can be current year navel orange plantation output is collected.It is also possible to The shedding generated before navel orange prematurity.
Preferably, above-mentioned leavening is the produced stover ferment agent of Luoyang OKBK Biotechnology Co., Ltd..
Embodiment two
A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer, is calculated by its parts by weight, is formed as follows:
Navel orange plant dedicated fertilizer processing technology the following steps are included:
Step 1: swill pre-processes: swill being handled through the resulting swill material of 100 mesh net filtrations through extruder, is obtained Single treatment swill material;Again by single treatment swill crushing material at slurry, and starch, lipase is added, stirs evenly, In Naturally 15-20h is handled at 24-32 DEG C, thereafter, is added 5 parts of calcium oxide, is stirred evenly, handles 1.5-2.0h at 45-60 DEG C, Obtain secondary treatment swill material;Protein decomposition enzyme is added into secondary treatment swill material again, at 24-32 DEG C at sealing 15-20h is managed, dry thereafter, crushing obtains swill treatment powder;
Step 2: sawdust pre-processes: sawdust being first ground into the sawdust fine powder of 60 mesh or more, is then added and sawdust fine powder The identical water of weight is heated to 100 DEG C, stir process 2h, obtains sawdust wet feed after cooling;It will be added and send out in sawdust wet feed again Encapsulation process 10 days after ferment agent obtain sawdust yeast powder then through drying, crushing;
Step 3: decayed fruit pre-processes: crushing after decayed fruit and 10 parts of water are mixed, at decayed fruit slurry, add in decayed fruit slurry Enter brown sugar, hemicellulase, vinasse, 27 DEG C at a temperature of encapsulation process 10 days;Obtain decayed fruit fermented slurry;
Step 4: putting into fermentation vat after the decayed fruit fermented slurry in step 3 is mixed with the swill treatment powder in step 1 For 24 hours, the sawdust yeast powder then added in 5 parts of water and step 2 ferments middle progress fermentation process again after mixing evenly Processing 5 days obtains fermentation process product, puts into 25 parts of calcium oxide in fermentation process into fermentation vat, point 5 investments, investment After stir evenly;
Step 5: after the fermentation process product in step 4 is mixed with poultry excrement and urine disposal powder, dry, granulation is obtained Navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer.
Embodiment three
A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer, is calculated by its parts by weight, is formed as follows:
Navel orange plant dedicated fertilizer processing technology the following steps are included:
Step 1: swill pre-processes: swill being handled through the resulting swill material of 100 mesh net filtrations through extruder, is obtained Single treatment swill material;Again by single treatment swill crushing material at slurry, and starch, lipase is added, stirs evenly, In Naturally 15-20h is handled at 24-32 DEG C, thereafter, is added 5 parts of calcium oxide, is stirred evenly, handles 1.5-2.0h at 45-60 DEG C, Obtain secondary treatment swill material;Protein decomposition enzyme is added into secondary treatment swill material again, at 24-32 DEG C at sealing 15-20h is managed, dry thereafter, crushing obtains swill treatment powder;
Step 2: sawdust pre-processes: sawdust being first ground into the sawdust fine powder of 60 mesh or more, is then added and sawdust fine powder The identical water of weight is heated to 100 DEG C, stir process 2h, obtains sawdust wet feed after cooling;It will be added and send out in sawdust wet feed again Encapsulation process 10 days after ferment agent obtain sawdust yeast powder then through drying, crushing;
Step 3: decayed fruit pre-processes: crushing after decayed fruit and 10 parts of water are mixed, at decayed fruit slurry, add in decayed fruit slurry Enter brown sugar, hemicellulase, vinasse, 27 DEG C at a temperature of encapsulation process 10 days;Obtain decayed fruit fermented slurry;
Step 4: putting into fermentation vat after the decayed fruit fermented slurry in step 3 is mixed with the swill treatment powder in step 1 For 24 hours, the sawdust yeast powder then added in 5 parts of water and step 2 ferments middle progress fermentation process again after mixing evenly Processing 5 days obtains fermentation process product, puts into 25 parts of calcium oxide in fermentation process into fermentation vat, point 5 investments, investment After stir evenly;
Step 5: after the fermentation process product in step 4 is mixed with poultry excrement and urine disposal powder, dry, granulation is obtained Navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer.
Example IV
A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer, is calculated by its parts by weight, is formed as follows:
Navel orange plant dedicated fertilizer processing technology the following steps are included:
Step 1: swill pre-processes: swill being handled through the resulting swill material of 100 mesh net filtrations through extruder, is obtained Single treatment swill material;Again by single treatment swill crushing material at slurry, and starch, lipase is added, stirs evenly, In Naturally 15-20h is handled at 24-32 DEG C, thereafter, is added 5 parts of calcium oxide, is stirred evenly, handles 1.5-2.0h at 45-60 DEG C, Obtain secondary treatment swill material;Protein decomposition enzyme is added into secondary treatment swill material again, at 24-32 DEG C at sealing 15-20h is managed, dry thereafter, crushing obtains swill treatment powder;
Step 2: sawdust pre-processes: sawdust being first ground into the sawdust fine powder of 60 mesh or more, is then added and sawdust fine powder The identical water of weight is heated to 100 DEG C, stir process 2h, obtains sawdust wet feed after cooling;It will be added and send out in sawdust wet feed again Encapsulation process 10 days after ferment agent obtain sawdust yeast powder then through drying, crushing;
Step 3: decayed fruit pre-processes: crushing after decayed fruit and 10 parts of water are mixed, at decayed fruit slurry, add in decayed fruit slurry Enter brown sugar, hemicellulase, vinasse, 27 DEG C at a temperature of encapsulation process 10 days;Obtain decayed fruit fermented slurry;
Step 4: putting into fermentation vat after the decayed fruit fermented slurry in step 3 is mixed with the swill treatment powder in step 1 For 24 hours, the sawdust yeast powder then added in 5 parts of water and step 2 ferments middle progress fermentation process again after mixing evenly Processing 5 days obtains fermentation process product, puts into 25 parts of calcium oxide in fermentation process into fermentation vat, point 5 investments, investment After stir evenly;
Step 5: after the fermentation process product in step 4 is mixed with poultry excrement and urine disposal powder, dry, granulation is obtained Navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer.
Embodiment five
A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer, is calculated by its parts by weight, is formed as follows:
Navel orange plant dedicated fertilizer processing technology the following steps are included:
Step 1: swill pre-processes: swill being handled through the resulting swill material of 100 mesh net filtrations through extruder, is obtained Single treatment swill material;Again by single treatment swill crushing material at slurry, and starch, lipase is added, stirs evenly, In Naturally 15-20h is handled at 24-32 DEG C, thereafter, is added 5 parts of calcium oxide, is stirred evenly, handles 1.5-2.0h at 45-60 DEG C, Obtain secondary treatment swill material;Protein decomposition enzyme is added into secondary treatment swill material again, at 24-32 DEG C at sealing 15-20h is managed, dry thereafter, crushing obtains swill treatment powder;
Step 2: sawdust pre-processes: sawdust being first ground into the sawdust fine powder of 60 mesh or more, is then added and sawdust fine powder The identical water of weight is heated to 100 DEG C, stir process 2h, obtains sawdust wet feed after cooling;It will be added and send out in sawdust wet feed again Encapsulation process 10 days after ferment agent obtain sawdust yeast powder then through drying, crushing;
Step 3: decayed fruit pre-processes: crushing after decayed fruit and 10 parts of water are mixed, at decayed fruit slurry, add in decayed fruit slurry Enter brown sugar, hemicellulase, vinasse, 27 DEG C at a temperature of encapsulation process 10 days;Obtain decayed fruit fermented slurry;
Step 4: putting into fermentation vat after the decayed fruit fermented slurry in step 3 is mixed with the swill treatment powder in step 1 For 24 hours, the sawdust yeast powder then added in 5 parts of water and step 2 ferments middle progress fermentation process again after mixing evenly Processing 5 days obtains fermentation process product, puts into 30 parts of calcium oxide in fermentation process into fermentation vat, point 5 investments, investment After stir evenly;
Step 5: after the fermentation process product in step 4 is mixed with poultry excrement and urine disposal powder, dry, granulation is obtained Navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer.
Embodiment six
A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer, is calculated by its parts by weight, is formed as follows:
Navel orange plant dedicated fertilizer processing technology the following steps are included:
Step 1: swill pre-processes: swill being handled through the resulting swill material of 100 mesh net filtrations through extruder, is obtained Single treatment swill material;Again by single treatment swill crushing material at slurry, and starch, lipase is added, stirs evenly, In Naturally 15-20h is handled at 24-32 DEG C, thereafter, is added 5 parts of calcium oxide, is stirred evenly, handles 1.5-2.0h at 45-60 DEG C, Obtain secondary treatment swill material;Protein decomposition enzyme is added into secondary treatment swill material again, at 24-32 DEG C at sealing 15-20h is managed, dry thereafter, crushing obtains swill treatment powder;
Step 2: sawdust pre-processes: sawdust being first ground into the sawdust fine powder of 60 mesh or more, is then added and sawdust fine powder The identical water of weight is heated to 100 DEG C, stir process 2h, obtains sawdust wet feed after cooling;It will be added and send out in sawdust wet feed again Encapsulation process 10 days after ferment agent obtain sawdust yeast powder then through drying, crushing;
Step 3: decayed fruit pre-processes: crushing after decayed fruit and 10 parts of water are mixed, at decayed fruit slurry, add in decayed fruit slurry Enter brown sugar, hemicellulase, vinasse, 27 DEG C at a temperature of encapsulation process 10 days;Obtain decayed fruit fermented slurry;
Step 4: putting into fermentation vat after the decayed fruit fermented slurry in step 3 is mixed with the swill treatment powder in step 1 For 24 hours, the sawdust yeast powder then added in 5 parts of water and step 2 ferments middle progress fermentation process again after mixing evenly Processing 5 days obtains fermentation process product, puts into 30 parts of calcium oxide in fermentation process into fermentation vat, point 5 investments, investment After stir evenly;
Step 5: after the fermentation process product in step 4 is mixed with poultry excrement and urine disposal powder, dry, granulation is obtained Navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer.
Since the present invention is only a kind of fertilizer, yield is important reference index, the same plantation in Chongqing Yunyang Garden carries out control experiment, and varieties of plant is " Niu Heer " navel orange;Experimental design: experimental group and control group respectively choose 10 mu of kind It plants area to apply fertilizer, control group normally applies fertilizer, and experimental group 1~6 is affixed by the navel orange kind of the formula in embodiment one to six respectively Dedicated fertilizer is planted, the amount of being affixed by is 50 kgs/acre, and annual output is worked as in statistics fertilising, and statistics is as follows:
The preferred embodiment of the patent is described in detail above, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula within the knowledge of one of ordinary skill in the art can also be under the premise of not departing from this patent objective Various changes can be made.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of navel orange plants dedicated fertilizer, which is characterized in that calculate, form as follows by its parts by weight:
2. navel orange according to claim 1 plants dedicated fertilizer, which is characterized in that calculated by its parts by weight, composition is such as Under:
3. navel orange according to claim 1 plants dedicated fertilizer, which is characterized in that calculated by its parts by weight, composition is such as Under:
4. navel orange according to claim 1 plants dedicated fertilizer, which is characterized in that calculated by its parts by weight, composition is such as Under:
5. navel orange according to claim 1 plants dedicated fertilizer, which is characterized in that calculated by its parts by weight, composition is such as Under:
6. navel orange according to claim 1 plants dedicated fertilizer, which is characterized in that calculated by its parts by weight, composition is such as Under:
7. navel orange according to claim 1 plants dedicated fertilizer, which is characterized in that the decayed fruit is by current year navel orange plantation Gained after the decayed fruit of output is collected.
8. a kind of preparation method of navel orange as claimed in claim 1 plantation dedicated fertilizer, which is characterized in that including with Lower step:
Step 1: swill pre-processes: swill being handled through the resulting swill material of 100 mesh net filtrations through extruder, is obtained once Handle swill material;Again by single treatment swill crushing material at slurry, and 5-10 parts of starch, 2-4 parts of lipase is added, It stirs evenly, handles 15-20h naturally at 24-32 DEG C, thereafter, add 5-10 parts of calcium oxide, stir evenly, handled at 45-60 DEG C 1.5-2.0h obtaining secondary treatment swill material;1-2 parts of protein decomposition enzyme, In is added into secondary treatment swill material again Encapsulation process 15-20h at 24-32 DEG C, dry thereafter, crushing, obtains swill treatment powder;
Step 2: sawdust pre-processes: sawdust being first ground into the sawdust fine powder of 60 mesh or more, is then added and sawdust fine powder weight Identical water is heated to 100 DEG C, stir process 2h, obtains sawdust wet feed after cooling;2-4 parts will be added in sawdust wet feed again Encapsulation process 10 days after leavening obtain sawdust yeast powder then through drying, crushing;
Step 3: decayed fruit pre-processes: being crushed after decayed fruit and 10 parts of water are mixed, at decayed fruit slurry, 10- is added in decayed fruit slurry 15 parts of brown sugar, 2-4 parts of hemicellulase, 5-10 parts of vinasse, 27 DEG C at a temperature of encapsulation process 10 days;Obtain decayed fruit Fermented slurry;
Step 4: after the decayed fruit fermented slurry in step 3 is mixed with the swill treatment powder in step 1 put into fermentation vat in into Row fermentation process for 24 hours, then adds sawdust yeast powder in 5 parts of water and step 2 fermentation process 5 again after mixing evenly It, obtains fermentation process product, puts into 20-30 parts of calcium oxide in fermentation process into fermentation vat;
Step 5: after the fermentation process product in step 4 is mixed with poultry excrement and urine disposal powder, dry, granulation obtains navel orange Plant dedicated fertilizer.
9. the preparation method of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer according to claim 8, which is characterized in that sent out in the step 4 The calcium oxide put into during ferment into fermentation vat, point 5 investments, stirs evenly after investment every time.
CN201910728132.9A 2019-08-08 2019-08-08 A kind of navel orange plantation dedicated fertilizer and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN110511078A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111253192A (en) * 2020-03-16 2020-06-09 江西信明科技发展有限公司 Navel orange planting soil conditioner with insecticidal effect and improvement method thereof
CN111440028A (en) * 2020-05-30 2020-07-24 博兴天竹菌剂生物科技有限公司 Biological source bacterial fertilizer system special for navel oranges and application method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111253192A (en) * 2020-03-16 2020-06-09 江西信明科技发展有限公司 Navel orange planting soil conditioner with insecticidal effect and improvement method thereof
CN111440028A (en) * 2020-05-30 2020-07-24 博兴天竹菌剂生物科技有限公司 Biological source bacterial fertilizer system special for navel oranges and application method thereof

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