CN108863476A - Earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108863476A
CN108863476A CN201810733432.1A CN201810733432A CN108863476A CN 108863476 A CN108863476 A CN 108863476A CN 201810733432 A CN201810733432 A CN 201810733432A CN 108863476 A CN108863476 A CN 108863476A
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earthworm
amino acid
organic
wormcast
stock solution
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Inventor
伍玉鹏
胡承孝
胡荣桂
王佳
谭中欣
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special and preparation method thereof, its raw material includes 60%~70% wormcast, 5%~10% earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and 20%~35% inorganic fertilizer by weight percentage.Wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are uniformly mixed, compound organic and inorganic fertilizer is obtained.The wormcast that the present invention uses can be effectively improved orangery soil environment, keep clay loose, and soil pH is made to tend to be neutral, be conducive to resistance, inhibition soil-borne disease, improvement citrusfruit quality that oranges and tangerines tree body absorbs nutrient, can also enhance tree body to pest and disease damage;Earthworm-amino acid nutrient solution can improve absorption and utilization of the oranges and tangerines tree body to middle and trace element by complexing;Inorganic fertilizer can in polishing Organic Ingredients nutrient insufficient section, meet the nutrient demand of Ci trus growth.

Description

Earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural technology fields, and in particular to a kind of earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special and its system Make method.
Background technique
Citrus is one of the fruit tree planted extensively in the world, and China's citriculture is with a long history, and China's citrus produces within 2014 Amount is up to 3.49 × 107T, citrus cultivated area is up to 2.52 × 107hm2.Scientific and reasonable nutrient supply is citrus high yield and high quality One of important link, however, the most of orangery Nutrition resources managements in China are unreasonable.The nitrogen of China's citrusfruit yield per ton, Phosphorus, potassium and its total amount of application are the 4.48 of requirement, 15.85,3.93 and 5.37 times respectively, and excessive precipitation leads to orchard Utilization rate of fertilizer is extremely low, also creates environmental pollution while reducing economic benefit.In addition, China citrus main producing region is only 47.84% citrus orchard application of organic fertilizers, and the amount of average annual organic nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium account for respectively total dose 12.86%, 12.65% and 8.08%, organic fertilizer puts into wretched insufficiency.Orangery organic manure application rate is improved, by rationally utilizing organic nutrient Resource substitutes part chemical fertilizer with organic fertilizer, realizes that organic-inorganic combines, and is optimization orangery to reduce chemical fertilizer investment One of fertilising, the effective way for realizing orangery Green Sustainable, also comply with the Ministry of Agriculture of China《To the year two thousand twenty fertilizer application amount Zero growth rate action scheme》Requirement.
Vermicomposting is a kind of method for converting fertilizer and soil conditioner for organic materials, and product wormcast has The feature that large specific surface area, water-holding capacity are big and aeration is good, and nutrient rich in.It denitrogenates, outside phosphorus, potassium a great number of elements, earthworm Microelement abundant also has great importance to plant growth in earthworm excrement.For orangery soil, wormcast is good Good aggregate structure and soda acid resiliency can be effectively improved China's orangery soil generally glue, the problem of acid, permeability difference, thus Improve the validity of tangerine needed nutrient matter.In addition, earthworm body contains a large amount of protein, type amino acid abundant, dimension life Nutriments and a kind of good amino acid fertilizer raw material such as element and mineral element.Existing research confirms after being digested by earthworm The earthworm-amino acid nutrient solution of production can improve its biological effectiveness by the complexing to metal ion, this is to improvement Oranges and tangerines tree body has a certain effect being absorbed and utilized for middle and trace element (calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc, copper, molybdenum, boron, selenium etc.).
Byproduct of the wormcast as vermiculture, country's deep processing is insufficient at present, and most enterprises only carry out wormcast Simple processing is sold.Manufactured wormcast organic fertilizer is also chiefly used in the field crops such as vegetables, using less in citrus orchard, also Not mature earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special production method.This is because citrus is evergreen fruit trees, more than a year Slightly, fruit-growing time is long, and result quantities are more, and fertilizer requirement is big for secondary pumping.And oranges and tangerines tree body different times fertilizer requirements is different, the different age of trees, no With the uptake characters of kind mandarin tree, there is also differences.This requires comprehensively consider " citrus nutrient uptake feature, kind, the age of tree, tree Gesture " etc. is multifactor to configure citrus special fertilizer, substantially increases the difficulty of wormcast orangery Rational Application.
Summary of the invention
It is multiple that it is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of earthworm excrement source citrus special organic and inorganics Complex fertilizer and preparation method thereof.It is carried out orangery Soil improvement matrix using wormcast as raw material and provides nutrient, and earthworm ammonia is added Base acid nutrition stock solution improves citrus to the absorption and use efficiency of middle and trace element, and needs fertilizer according to the best fruiting period wide skin mandarin tree Characteristic supplements inorganic fertilizer, prepares earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special.Earthworm excrement source citrus is dedicated organic in the present invention Orangery organic manure application rate can not only be improved after inorganic composite mixed fertilizer application, substitutes part chemical fertilizer application, moreover it is possible to improve orangery soil Earth improves citrusfruit yield and quality, wherein appropriate organic and inorganic nutrient formula is while meeting citrus uptake characters The waste of nutrient can also be reduced to greatest extent, improves fertilizer utilization efficiency, reduce fertilizer means of agricultural production investment.
To achieve the above object, a kind of earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special designed by the present invention, its raw material Include by weight percentage 60%~70% wormcast, 5%~10% earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and 20%~ 35% inorganic fertilizer.
Further, the raw material of the compound organic and inorganic fertilizer includes 62%~68% earthworm by weight percentage Excrement, 5%~9% earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and 25%~32% inorganic fertilizer.
Still further, the preparation method of the wormcast is as follows:
1) feces of livestock and poultry and bacteria residue after fermentation are weighed by weight 1: 1~3, sieving is uniformly mixed and adjusts moisture content It is 65%~70%, obtains the matrix of raising earthworm;
2) earthworm is introduced to the matrix of raising earthworm, raises at a temperature of temperature is 22~28 DEG C, added every 15~20 days Add the matrix of primary above-mentioned raising earthworm, earthworm breeding 40~50 days, isolated wormcast and earthworm adult.
Still further, feces of livestock and poultry is cow dung in the step 1), the bacteria residue is the residue of mushroom culture medium material, The diameter in the sieve hole of sieving is 3~5mm.
Still further, the bacteria residue is the residue of culture medium for golden mushroom material;
In the step 2), the earthworm is girdled adult Eisenia Foetida (Eiseniafetida).
Still further, the preparation method of the earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution is as follows:
1) it by above-mentioned isolated earthworm adult gut purge 20~26 hours under dark condition, is then cleaned with clear water, it will Clean earthworm carries out homogeneous homogenate with tissue refiner, obtains earthworm homogenate;
2) earthworm homogenate carries out self-dissolving enzymatic hydrolysis using a variety of enzymes that earthworm itself contains under the conditions of 50~60 DEG C, every Stirring in 5~6 hours is primary, digests 20~26 hours, obtains enzymolysis liquid up to earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution.
Still further, potassium sorbate is added into enzymolysis liquid and obtains earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution in the step 2), Wherein, the additive amount of potassium sorbate is 2.0g/kg in earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution.Add in the earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution Entering potassium sorbate prevents from extending fertilizer period of storage since microbial activities generates rotten, fouling phenomenon in later period storage process.
Still further, the inorganic fertilizer includes urea, phosphorus pentoxide and potassium sulfate, component effective content is matched Than nitrogen, 11%~18% phosphorus and 20%~28% potassium for 55%~65%.
The present invention also provides a kind of production method of above-mentioned earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special, including it is following Step:
1) preparation of wormcast:
A. feces of livestock and poultry and bacteria residue after fermentation are weighed by weight 1: 1~3, sieving is uniformly mixed and adjusts moisture content It is 65%~70%, obtains the matrix of raising earthworm;
B. earthworm is introduced to the matrix of raising earthworm, raises at a temperature of temperature is 22~28 DEG C, added every 15~20 days Add the matrix of primary above-mentioned raising earthworm, earthworm breeding 40~50 days, isolated wormcast and earthworm adult;
2) preparation of earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution:
A. it by above-mentioned isolated earthworm adult gut purge 20~26 hours under dark condition, is then cleaned with clear water, it will Clean earthworm carries out homogeneous homogenate with tissue refiner, obtains earthworm homogenate;
B. earthworm homogenate carries out self-dissolving enzymatic hydrolysis using a variety of enzymes that earthworm itself contains under the conditions of 50~60 DEG C, every Stirring in 5~6 hours is primary, digests 20~26 hours, obtains enzymolysis liquid up to earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution.
3) wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are weighed by above-mentioned weight percent;
4) wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are uniformly mixed, obtain compound organic and inorganic fertilizer.
Still further, feces of livestock and poultry is cow dung in the small step of the step 1) a, the bacteria residue is mushroom culture medium The residue of material, the diameter in the sieve hole of sieving are 3~5mm;
In the small step of the step 1) b, the earthworm is girdled adult Eisenia Foetida (Eisenia fetida);
In the small step of b of the step 2), potassium sorbate is added into enzymolysis liquid and obtains earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution, Wherein, the additive amount of potassium sorbate is 1.0~2.0g/kg in earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1) wormcast that the present invention uses can be effectively improved orangery soil environment, keep clay loose, tend to soil pH Neutrality is conducive to oranges and tangerines tree body and absorbs nutrient, can also enhance resistance, inhibition soil-borne disease, improvement of the tree body to pest and disease damage Citrusfruit quality.A great number of elements contained in wormcast can substitute the investment of part chemical fertilizer to a certain extent, have Conducive to the fertilising of optimization orangery, realize orangery Green Sustainable.Microelement abundant in wormcast can be effectively relieved Common Trace Element Deficiency Symptoms, improve fruit quality in citrus plantation, improve fruit exterior of commodity.
(2) the earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution that the present invention uses helps to provide organic nitrogen source for oranges and tangerines tree body, while can To activate by a variety of middle and trace elements of soil fixing, by citrus need in, micronutrient element pass through complexing band Enter oranges and tangerines tree body, be absorbed and utilized by oranges and tangerines tree body, effectively improves oranges and tangerines tree body to the absorption and use efficiency of middle and trace element.
(3) present invention adds inorganic fertilizer according to the uptake characters of citrus and the nutrient content feature of wormcast, with polishing Nutrient short slab in wormcast provides comprehensive nutrient for Ci trus growth.The present invention can allow organic fertilizer nutrient type it is more, The feature that content is low, release is slow is complementary with the specific carry out that chemical fertilizer nutrient ingredient is few, content is high, release is fast, improves the benefit of fertilizer With rate.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail combined with specific embodiments below, so as to those skilled in the art understand that.
Embodiment 1
The production method of earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special 1
1) preparation of wormcast:
A. the cow dung after fermentation and the residue of culture medium for golden mushroom material are weighed by weight 1: 1, the diameter for sub-aperture of being sieved is The sieve of 4mm, being uniformly mixed and adjusting moisture content is 67%, obtains the matrix of raising earthworm;
B. girdled adult Eisenia Foetida (Eisenia fetida) of growing up is introduced to the matrix of raising earthworm, in temperature Degree is raised at a temperature of being 24~28 DEG C, and the matrix of primary above-mentioned raising earthworm was added every 15 days, earthworm breeding 45 days, is separated To wormcast and earthworm adult;
2) preparation of earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution:
A. it by above-mentioned isolated earthworm adult gut purge 24 hours under dark condition, is then cleaned, will be cleaned with clear water Earthworm carry out homogeneous homogenate with tissue refiner, obtain earthworm homogenate;
B. earthworm homogenate carries out self-dissolving enzymatic hydrolysis using a variety of enzymes that earthworm itself contains under the conditions of 55 DEG C, small every 6 When stirring it is primary, digest 24 hours, be that 2.0g/kg potassium sorbate is added into enzymolysis liquid obtains earthworm-amino acid and seeks by additive amount Support stoste;
3) wormcast, the earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution of 10kg and the inorganic fertilizer of 20kg of 70kg are weighed;
4) wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are uniformly mixed, obtain compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 1.
Embodiment 2
The production method of earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special 2
1) preparation of wormcast:
A. the cow dung after fermentation and the residue of culture medium for golden mushroom material are weighed by weight 1: 2, the diameter for sub-aperture of being sieved is The sieve of 4mm, being uniformly mixed and adjusting moisture content is 70%, obtains the matrix of raising earthworm;
B. girdled adult Eisenia Foetida (Eisenia fetida) of growing up is introduced to the matrix of raising earthworm, in temperature Degree is raised at a temperature of being 21~28 DEG C, and the matrix of primary above-mentioned raising earthworm was added every 17 days, earthworm breeding 50 days, is separated To wormcast and earthworm adult;
2) preparation of earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution:
A. it by above-mentioned isolated earthworm adult gut purge 24 hours under dark condition, is then cleaned, will be cleaned with clear water Earthworm carry out homogeneous homogenate with tissue refiner, obtain earthworm homogenate;
B. earthworm homogenate carries out self-dissolving enzymatic hydrolysis using a variety of enzymes that earthworm itself contains under the conditions of 55 DEG C, small every 5 When stirring it is primary, digest 24 hours, be that 2.0g/kg potassium sorbate is added into enzymolysis liquid obtains earthworm-amino acid and seeks by additive amount Support stoste;
3) wormcast, the earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution of 10kg and the inorganic fertilizer of 25kg of 65kg are weighed;
4) wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are uniformly mixed, obtain compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 2.
Embodiment 3
The production method of earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special 3
1) preparation of wormcast:
A. the cow dung after fermentation and the residue of culture medium for golden mushroom material are weighed by weight 1: 3, the diameter for sub-aperture of being sieved is The sieve of 4mm, being uniformly mixed and adjusting moisture content is 65%, obtains the matrix of raising earthworm;
B. girdled adult Eisenia Foetida (Eisenia fetida) of growing up is introduced to the matrix of raising earthworm, in temperature Degree is raised at a temperature of being 21~28 DEG C, and the matrix of primary above-mentioned raising earthworm was added every 20 days, earthworm breeding 40 days, is separated To wormcast and earthworm adult;
2) preparation of earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution:
A. it by above-mentioned isolated earthworm adult gut purge 26 hours under dark condition, is then cleaned, will be cleaned with clear water Earthworm carry out homogeneous homogenate with tissue refiner, obtain earthworm homogenate;
B. earthworm homogenate carries out self-dissolving enzymatic hydrolysis using a variety of enzymes that earthworm itself contains under the conditions of 60 DEG C, small every 5 When stirring it is primary, digest 20 hours, obtain enzymolysis liquid up to earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution;
3) wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are weighed by above-mentioned weight percent;
4) wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are uniformly mixed, obtain compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 3.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment and 1 production method of embodiment are essentially identical, and difference is:Compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 4 is formulated:
The raw material of compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 4 includes 60% wormcast, 10% earthworm-amino acid by weight percentage Nutrition stock solution and 30% inorganic fertilizer.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment and 1 production method of embodiment are essentially identical, and difference is:Compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 5 is formulated:
The raw material of compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 5 includes 68% wormcast, 5% earthworm-amino acid battalion by weight percentage Support the inorganic fertilizer of stoste and 27%.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment and 1 production method of embodiment are essentially identical, and difference is:Compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 5 is formulated:
The raw material of compound organic and inorganic fertilizer 6 includes 62% wormcast, 8% earthworm-amino acid battalion by weight percentage Support the inorganic fertilizer of stoste and 30%.
Earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special obtained by embodiment and traditional farmers' composting organic fertilizer, traditional earthworm The property comparison such as table 1 of earthworm excrement organic fertilizer:
Earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special obtained by 1 embodiment of table and traditional farm organic fertilizer, traditional earthworm The property of earthworm excrement organic fertilizer compares
Note:Different lowercases are indicated after same column data indicates there is significant difference (P between different fertilizer processing<0.05)
As shown in Table 1, the earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of embodiment production compares traditional farm organic fertilizer It is all higher with traditional wormcast organic fertilizer its full nitrogen, full phosphorus, full potassium and total amino acid content, wherein full phosphorus, full potassium and total amino Acid content will be significantly higher than traditional farm organic fertilizer and traditional wormcast organic fertilizer.
Pass through earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special obtained by indoor pot comparative example and traditional farmers' The influence of composting organic fertilizer, traditional wormcast Organic Manure on Soil physicochemical property.Every basin is packed into orangery soil 10kg, according to 50g/ The ratio of kg is mixed into earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special obtained by embodiment respectively and traditional farmers''s composting is organic Fertilizer, traditional wormcast organic fertilizer.It selects Root Distribution balanced and the consistent citrus seedling of growing way, is colonized after trimming root system.It is unified It carries out the daily management such as irrigating.Destructiveness takes pedotheque to carry out analysis measurement (table 2) after six months.
Earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special obtained by 2 embodiment of table and traditional farm organic fertilizer, traditional earthworm The influence of earthworm excrement Organic Manure on Soil physicochemical property
Note:Different lowercases are indicated after same column data indicates there is significant difference (P between different fertilizer processing<0.05)
As shown in Table 2, the earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of embodiment production compares traditional farm organic fertilizer It can be improved the soil organism, full nitrogen, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, available phosphorus, available potassium, effective calcium, effective magnesium with traditional wormcast organic fertilizer With the content of effective iron, it is more conducive to improve soil nutrient content, effective K, effective calcium, effective magnesium and effective iron contain Amount will be significantly higher than traditional farm organic fertilizer and traditional wormcast organic fertilizer.
By embodiment production earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special be applied to citrus orchard in, and with traditional farmers' The organic fertilizer of composting, traditional wormcast organic fertilizer compare, and measure influence of the different fertilizer to citrusfruit yield and quality. Test mandarin tree is the satsuma orange for being colonized 12 years, and planting density is 70 plants/667m2, organic fertilizer disposably applies as winter top dressing Enter, dose 2000kg/667m2.The daily managements such as uniformly trimmed, irrigated, being gone and buy Chinese medicine during plantation.To the citrus fruit harvesting phase Sampling is measured, as a result such as table 3.
Earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special obtained by 3 embodiment of table and traditional farm organic fertilizer, traditional earthworm Influence of the earthworm excrement organic fertilizer to citrusfruit yield and quality
Note:Different lowercases are indicated after same column data indicates there is significant difference (P between different fertilizer processing<0.05)
As shown in Table 3, the earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of embodiment production compares traditional farm organic fertilizer The yield of satsuma orange is not significantly changed with traditional wormcast organic fertilizer, but can be obviously improved the quality of satsuma orange, The satsuma orange Vitamin C content of middle embodiment 1 and embodiment 2 is significantly higher than traditional farm organic fertilizer and traditional wormcast is organic Fertilizer processing, illustrates embodiment 1 and embodiment 2 is preferably earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special preparation method.
Other unspecified parts are the prior art.Although above-described embodiment is made that the present invention and retouches in detail State, but it is only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments, people can also according to the present embodiment without Other embodiments are obtained under the premise of creativeness, these embodiments belong to the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special, it is characterised in that:Its raw material includes by weight percentage 60%~70% wormcast, 5%~10% earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and 20%~35% inorganic fertilizer.
2. earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The organic and inorganic compound The raw material of complex fertilizer include by weight percentage 62%~68% wormcast, 5%~9% earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and 25%~32% inorganic fertilizer.
3. earthworm excrement according to claim 1 or claim 2 source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special, it is characterised in that:The wormcast Preparation method it is as follows:
1) feces of livestock and poultry and bacteria residue after fermentation are weighed by weight 1: 1~3, sieving is uniformly mixed and adjusts moisture content and be 65%~70%, obtain the matrix of raising earthworm;
2) earthworm is introduced to the matrix of raising earthworm, is raised at a temperature of temperature is 22~28 DEG C, added one every 15~20 days The matrix of secondary above-mentioned raising earthworm, earthworm breeding 40~50 days, isolated wormcast and earthworm adult.
4. earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:In the step 1), Feces of livestock and poultry is cow dung, and the bacteria residue is the residue of mushroom culture medium material, and the diameter in the sieve hole of sieving is 3~5mm.
5. earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The bacteria residue is acupuncture needle The residue of mushroom culture medium material;
In the step 2), the earthworm is girdled adult Eisenia Foetida (Eisenia fetida).
6. earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The earthworm-amino acid The preparation method of nutrition stock solution is as follows:
1) it by above-mentioned isolated earthworm adult gut purge 20~26 hours under dark condition, is then cleaned, will be cleaned with clear water Earthworm carry out homogeneous homogenate with tissue refiner, obtain earthworm homogenate;
2) earthworm homogenate carries out self-dissolving enzymatic hydrolysis using a variety of enzymes that earthworm itself contains under the conditions of 50~60 DEG C, every 5~6 Hour stirring is primary, digests 20~26 hours, obtains enzymolysis liquid up to earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution.
7. earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The step 2) In, potassium sorbate is added into enzymolysis liquid and obtains earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution, wherein sorb in earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution The additive amount of sour potassium is 2.0g/kg.
8. earthworm excrement according to claim 1 or claim 2 source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special, it is characterised in that:The inorganic fertilizer Material includes urea, phosphorus pentoxide and potassium sulfate, nitrogen that the proportion of component effective content is 55%~65%, 11%~18% Phosphorus and 20%~28% potassium.
9. a kind of production method of earthworm excrement as claimed in claim 1 or 2 source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special, it is characterised in that: Include the following steps:
1) preparation of wormcast:
A. feces of livestock and poultry and bacteria residue after fermentation are weighed by weight 1: 1~3, sieving is uniformly mixed and adjusts moisture content and be 65%~70%, obtain the matrix of raising earthworm;
B. earthworm is introduced to the matrix of raising earthworm, is raised at a temperature of temperature is 22~28 DEG C, added one every 15~20 days The matrix of secondary above-mentioned raising earthworm, earthworm breeding 40~50 days, isolated wormcast and earthworm adult;
2) preparation of earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution:
A. it by above-mentioned isolated earthworm adult gut purge 20~26 hours under dark condition, is then cleaned, will be cleaned with clear water Earthworm carry out homogeneous homogenate with tissue refiner, obtain earthworm homogenate;
B. earthworm homogenate carries out self-dissolving enzymatic hydrolysis using a variety of enzymes that earthworm itself contains under the conditions of 50~60 DEG C, every 5~6 Hour stirring is primary, digests 20~26 hours, obtains enzymolysis liquid up to earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution.
3) wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are weighed by above-mentioned weight percent;
4) wormcast, earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution and inorganic fertilizer are uniformly mixed, obtain compound organic and inorganic fertilizer.
10. the production method of earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:Institute It states in the small step of step 1) a, feces of livestock and poultry is cow dung, and the bacteria residue is the residue of mushroom culture medium material, the sieve hole of sieving Diameter be 3~5mm;
In the small step of the step 1) b, the earthworm is girdled adult Eisenia Foetida (Eisenia fetida);
In the small step of b of the step 2), potassium sorbate is added into enzymolysis liquid and obtains earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution, In, the additive amount of potassium sorbate is 1.0~2.0g/kg in earthworm-amino acid nutrition stock solution.
CN201810733432.1A 2018-07-06 2018-07-06 Earthworm excrement source citrus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special and preparation method thereof Pending CN108863476A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110122023A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-08-16 菏泽学院 The method that earthworm combines edible fungi residues bioconversion milk cattle cultivating excrement pulp waste and compound synergic fertilizer

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CN102406052A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-04-11 冯耀民 Anti-bacterial peptide hydrolysate of earthworm and feed comprising the same
CN105777247A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-07-20 中国农业大学 Preparation method of selenium-enriched earthworm organic fertilizer
CN107417401A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-12-01 佛山市三水区嘉信农业技术研究院(普通合伙) A kind of Chinese herbal medicine foliar fertilizer for preventing and treating vegetables powdery mildew

Patent Citations (3)

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CN102406052A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-04-11 冯耀民 Anti-bacterial peptide hydrolysate of earthworm and feed comprising the same
CN105777247A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-07-20 中国农业大学 Preparation method of selenium-enriched earthworm organic fertilizer
CN107417401A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-12-01 佛山市三水区嘉信农业技术研究院(普通合伙) A kind of Chinese herbal medicine foliar fertilizer for preventing and treating vegetables powdery mildew

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110122023A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-08-16 菏泽学院 The method that earthworm combines edible fungi residues bioconversion milk cattle cultivating excrement pulp waste and compound synergic fertilizer

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