CN110419481A - A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem - Google Patents

A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110419481A
CN110419481A CN201910853851.3A CN201910853851A CN110419481A CN 110419481 A CN110419481 A CN 110419481A CN 201910853851 A CN201910853851 A CN 201910853851A CN 110419481 A CN110419481 A CN 110419481A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
fish shelter
fish
skerries
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910853851.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110419481B (en
Inventor
张华�
冯鹏程
单海校
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU filed Critical Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Priority to CN201910853851.3A priority Critical patent/CN110419481B/en
Publication of CN110419481A publication Critical patent/CN110419481A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110419481B publication Critical patent/CN110419481B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • A01K61/73Artificial fishing banks or reefs assembled of components
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/80Feeding devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention proposes a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem, including fixed frame, it is in the multiple first fish shelter monomers of laying and multiple second fish shelter monomers of matrix form in fixed frame, in the same plane, first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer are arranged alternately, first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer include the first frame of regular hexagon structure, second frame, third frame and the 4th frame, first frame, second frame, third frame and the 4th framework composition form fish shelter chamber, first frame and the 4th frame can be used as the opening of fish shelter chamber;The present invention is conducive to restore the ecology of Larimichthys crocea, improves the stability of fish shelter, is conducive to sustainable development.

Description

A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Artificial Fish skerries, and in particular to a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem.
Background technique
Reef be suitble to fish cluster inhabit, the seabed reef or other bulges of growth and breeding.Ocean current is by seabed around it Organic matter and the nutrient salts of near Sea Bottom take seawater at the middle and upper levels, promote various food organisms mass propagations to grow, be fish Place is bred Deng the good habitat of offer and forage, makes fish collection and forms fishing ground.Artificial marine habitat is artificially marine The structure of setting is built the good environment that marine organisms inhabit, is provided for fish etc. the purpose is to improve marine ecosystem environment Breeding, growth, forage and the place for sheltering enemy achieve the purpose that protection, proliferation and improve catch.At present both at home and abroad extensively The construction of development artificial marine habitat, carry out the reparation of coastal ocean biology habitat and fishing ground, and achieve preferable effect.
East Sea Larimichthys crocea has made moderate progress by repairing, but also fails to restore original grand view, to Larimichthys crocea using artificial Fish shelter scheme is conducive to Larimichthys crocea ecological recovery.
And many fish shelters used now, after seabed is sunk in fish shelter dispensing, stability is poor, and single fish shelter is vulnerable to ocean current Influence slides, and is unfavorable for the accumulation of reefs and then influences the formation of fish shelter group.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem regarding to the issue above, is conducive to big The ecology of yellow croaker is restored, and improves the stability of fish shelter, is conducive to sustainable development.
Specific technical solution is as follows:
A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem, including fixed frame, in matrix form in fixed frame Multiple first fish shelter monomers and multiple second fish shelter monomers are laid, in the same plane, the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter Monomer is arranged alternately.
Further, the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer include the first frame of regular hexagon structure, second Frame, third frame and the 4th frame, the first frame and four gimbaled side length are equal, the side length of the second frame and third frame It is equal, the side length of the side length of the first frame less than the second frame;
First frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th frame are sequentially coaxially arranged, the second frame and third frame pair It is neat to be arranged and connected between the two by multiple first connecting rods;The apex angle of first frame is corresponding with the frame of the second frame Setting, is connected between the first frame and the second frame by multiple second connecting rods;Four gimbaled apex angle and third frame Frame be correspondingly arranged, connected between third frame and the 4th frame by multiple third connecting rods;
First frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th framework composition form fish shelter chamber, the first frame and the 4th frame It can be used as the opening of fish shelter chamber.
Further, the central axes of the first fish shelter monomer and the central axes of the second fish shelter monomer are vertically arranged.
Further, it is connected between the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer by wirerope.
Further, fixed frame includes latticed upper fixed frame, lower fixed frame and side fixed frame, and upper fixed frame is under Fixed frame is arranged in parallel, and what four side fixed frames were respectively perpendicular is fixed between fixed frame and lower fixed frame;
First fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer are arranged in fixed frame, and the first fish shelter monomer on the outermost side It can be fixedly connected by wirerope with fixed frame.
Further, the bottom of lower fixed frame is equipped with grafting limit assembly;Grafting limit assembly include be vertically arranged insert Extension bar, moving up and down on shank to be arranged limit plate, limit plate is arranged in parallel with lower fixed frame, and limit plate is equipped with multiple Through slot, each through slot are equipped with the support protrusion of a spherical cap structure;
Shank can be inserted into and be fixed on seabed, and the support protrusion on limit plate is compacted to and is in contact with lower fixed frame.
Further, the fixed multiple feedings of wirerope can also be passed through between the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer Pipe.
Further, feeding tube includes the tube body of cylindrical structure, and the center of tube body is equipped with prey chamber, prey chamber and tube body Coaxial arrangement;The outside of prey chamber is equipped with the infiltration chamber of multiple cirque structures, and infiltration chamber is laid along the axis direction of tube body;Bait It is connected between food chamber and infiltration chamber by multiple first passages, infiltration chamber is connected with the external world by multiple second channels;Bait It eats and is equipped with fish food in chamber.
Further, the first frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th frame are integrally formed formula structure.
Further, the first frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th frame have multiple linking arms hingedly to fix respectively It forms.
Further, the installation method of Artificial Fish skerries are as follows:
1) prefabricated fixed frame, the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer;
2) the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer are fixed in fixed frame;
3) feeding tube is fixed between required the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer;
4) fixed frame is sent into seabed, fixes shank insertion seabed, Artificial Fish skerries can be obtained.
The invention has the benefit that
1) present invention is conducive to restore the ecology of Larimichthys crocea, improves the stability of fish shelter, is conducive to sustainable Development;
2) feeding tube is arranged in the present invention in the early stage, plays the role of attracting fish habitat by feeding tube, can be realized fish The rapid shaping of skerries;
3) structure setting on the first fish shelter island and the second fish shelter island, is more advantageous to Larimichthys crocea and survives wherein, improve sky Between utilization rate.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structure of the invention figure;
Fig. 2 is the first fish shelter monomer enlarged drawing in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the second fish shelter monomer enlarged drawing in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is feeding tube enlarged drawing in Fig. 1.
Appended drawing reference
Fixed frame 1, the first fish shelter monomer 2, the second fish shelter monomer 3, wirerope 4, feeding tube 5;
Upper fixed frame 101, lower fixed frame 102, side fixed frame 103, shank 104, limit plate 105, through slot 106, support Protrusion 107;
First frame 201, the second frame 202, third frame 203, the 4th frame 204, first connecting rod 205, second connecting rod 206, third connecting rod 207, fish shelter chamber 208, opening 209;
Tube body 501, prey chamber 502, infiltration chamber 503, first passage 504, second channel 505.
Specific embodiment
Clear to be more clear technical solution of the present invention, the present invention is described further with reference to the accompanying drawing, The technical characteristic of any pair of technical solution of the present invention carries out the scheme that equivalencing is obtained with conventional reasoning and each falls within guarantor of the present invention Protect range.
Embodiment one
A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as shown in the figure, including fixed frame 1 are in fixed frame The multiple first fish shelter monomers 2 of the laying of matrix form and multiple second fish shelter monomers 3, in the same plane, the first fish shelter monomer It is arranged alternately with the second fish shelter monomer.
Further, the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer include the first frame 201 of regular hexagon structure, Two frames 202, third frame 203 and the 4th frame 204, the first frame and four gimbaled side length are equal, the second frame and The side length of three frames is equal, the side length of the side length of the first frame less than the second frame;
First frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th frame are sequentially coaxially arranged, the second frame and third frame pair It is neat to be arranged and connected between the two by multiple first connecting rods 205;The frame pair of the apex angle of first frame and the second frame It should be arranged, be connected between the first frame and the second frame by multiple second connecting rods 206;Four gimbaled apex angle and third The frame of frame is correspondingly arranged, and is connected between third frame and the 4th frame by multiple third connecting rods 207;
First frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th framework composition form fish shelter chamber 208, the first frame and the 4th Frame can be used as the opening 209 of fish shelter chamber.
Further, the central axes of the first fish shelter monomer and the central axes of the second fish shelter monomer are vertically arranged.
Further, it is connected between the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer by wirerope 4.
Further, fixed frame includes latticed upper fixed frame 101, lower fixed frame 102 and side fixed frame 103, on Fixed frame and lower fixed frame are arranged in parallel, and what four side fixed frames were respectively perpendicular is fixed between fixed frame and lower fixed frame; For the purpose of not stopping Larimichthys crocea to pass in and out, the grid of fixed frame is greater than fish shelter chamber;
First fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer are arranged in fixed frame, and the first fish shelter monomer on the outermost side It can be fixedly connected by wirerope with fixed frame.
Further, the bottom of lower fixed frame is equipped with grafting limit assembly;Grafting limit assembly include be vertically arranged insert Extension bar 104, moving up and down on shank to be arranged limit plate 105, limit plate is arranged in parallel with lower fixed frame, sets on limit plate There are multiple through slots 106, each through slot is equipped with the support protrusion 107 of a spherical cap structure;
Shank can be inserted into and be fixed on seabed, and the support protrusion on limit plate is compacted to and is in contact with lower fixed frame.
Further, the fixed multiple feeding tubes of wirerope can also be passed through between the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer 5。
Further, feeding tube includes the tube body 501 of cylindrical structure, and the center of tube body is equipped with prey chamber 502, prey chamber It is coaxially disposed with tube body;The outside of prey chamber is equipped with the infiltration chamber 503 of multiple cirque structures, infiltrates chamber along the axis side of tube body To laying;It is connected between prey chamber and infiltration chamber by multiple first passages 504, infiltration chamber and the external world are logical by multiple second Road 505 is connected;Fish is equipped in prey chamber to eat.
Further, the installation method of Artificial Fish skerries are as follows:
1) prefabricated fixed frame, the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer;
2) the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer are fixed in fixed frame;
3) feeding tube is fixed between required the first fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer;
4) fixed frame is sent into seabed, fixes shank insertion seabed, Artificial Fish skerries can be obtained.
In the present embodiment, the first frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th frame are integrally formed formula structure.
Embodiment two
A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem based on embodiment one, in the present embodiment, the first frame Frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th frame have multiple linking arms respectively, and hingedly fixation forms.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem, it is characterized in that, including fixed frame is in square in fixed frame The multiple first fish shelter monomers of the laying of configuration and multiple second fish shelter monomers, in the same plane, the first fish shelter monomer and Two fish shelter monomers are arranged alternately.
2. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the first fish shelter list Body and the second fish shelter monomer include the first frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th frame of regular hexagon structure, and first Frame and four gimbaled side length are equal, and the side length of the second frame and third frame is equal, and the side length of the first frame is less than second The side length of frame;
First frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th frame are sequentially coaxially arranged, and the second frame and the alignment of third frame are set It sets and is connected between the two by multiple first connecting rods;The apex angle of first frame and the frame of the second frame are correspondingly arranged, It is connected between first frame and the second frame by multiple second connecting rods;The frame of four gimbaled apex angle and third frame It is correspondingly arranged, is connected between third frame and the 4th frame by multiple third connecting rods;
First frame, the second frame, third frame and the 4th framework composition form fish shelter chamber, and the first frame and the 4th frame can be made For the opening of fish shelter chamber.
3. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the first fish shelter list The central axes of body and the central axes of the second fish shelter monomer are vertically arranged.
4. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as claimed in claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterized in that, first It is connected between fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer by wirerope.
5. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, fixed frame packet Latticed upper fixed frame, lower fixed frame and side fixed frame are included, upper fixed frame and lower fixed frame are arranged in parallel, four side fixed frames What is be respectively perpendicular is fixed between fixed frame and lower fixed frame;
First fish shelter monomer and the second fish shelter monomer are arranged in fixed frame, and the first fish shelter monomer on the outermost side can lead to Wirerope is crossed to be fixedly connected with fixed frame.
6. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, lower fixed frame Bottom is equipped with grafting limit assembly;Grafting limit assembly includes the shank being vertically arranged, set moving up and down on shank If limit plate, limit plate is arranged in parallel with lower fixed frame, and limit plate is equipped with multiple through slots, and each through slot is equipped with a spherical crown The support protrusion of structure;
Shank can be inserted into and be fixed on seabed, and the support protrusion on limit plate is compacted to and is in contact with lower fixed frame.
7. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, the first fish shelter list The fixed multiple feeding tubes of wirerope can also be passed through between body and the second fish shelter monomer.
8. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, feeding tube includes The tube body of cylindrical structure, the center of tube body are equipped with prey chamber, and prey chamber and tube body are coaxially disposed;The outside of prey chamber is equipped with more The infiltration chamber of a cirque structure, infiltration chamber are laid along the axis direction of tube body;Pass through multiple the between prey chamber and infiltration chamber One channel is connected, and infiltration chamber is connected with the external world by multiple second channels;Fish is equipped in prey chamber to eat.
9. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, the first frame, Second frame, third frame and the 4th frame are integrally formed formula structure.
10. a kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, the first frame, Second frame, third frame and the 4th frame have multiple linking arms respectively, and hingedly fixation forms.
CN201910853851.3A 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 Artificial fish reef island for ecological restoration of large yellow croakers Active CN110419481B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910853851.3A CN110419481B (en) 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 Artificial fish reef island for ecological restoration of large yellow croakers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910853851.3A CN110419481B (en) 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 Artificial fish reef island for ecological restoration of large yellow croakers

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110419481A true CN110419481A (en) 2019-11-08
CN110419481B CN110419481B (en) 2021-04-30

Family

ID=68418931

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910853851.3A Active CN110419481B (en) 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 Artificial fish reef island for ecological restoration of large yellow croakers

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110419481B (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203040412U (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-07-10 北京菲迪威尔科技有限公司 Novel artificial fish reef
KR20150029107A (en) * 2013-09-09 2015-03-18 주식회사 서진건설 Box artificial reef for sea wood and method thereof
CN205623887U (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-12 中国海洋大学 Three -dimensional ecotype increases breeds artificial fish reef
CN107242177A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-13 中国海洋大学 A kind of composite artificial fish shelter
CN206612024U (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-11-07 中国海洋大学 A kind of new concrete artificial marine habitat
JP2018110561A (en) * 2017-01-13 2018-07-19 根室市 Spawning bed for octopus, fish reef for octopus, spawning aquarium system for octopus, hatching aquarium system for octopus and spawning hatching method of octopus
CN109469002A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-15 中国京冶工程技术有限公司 A kind of assembled artificial marine habitat and its preparation process
CN109699550A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-05-03 范振山 Combined biological fish shelter

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203040412U (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-07-10 北京菲迪威尔科技有限公司 Novel artificial fish reef
KR20150029107A (en) * 2013-09-09 2015-03-18 주식회사 서진건설 Box artificial reef for sea wood and method thereof
CN205623887U (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-12 中国海洋大学 Three -dimensional ecotype increases breeds artificial fish reef
JP2018110561A (en) * 2017-01-13 2018-07-19 根室市 Spawning bed for octopus, fish reef for octopus, spawning aquarium system for octopus, hatching aquarium system for octopus and spawning hatching method of octopus
CN206612024U (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-11-07 中国海洋大学 A kind of new concrete artificial marine habitat
CN107242177A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-13 中国海洋大学 A kind of composite artificial fish shelter
CN109469002A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-15 中国京冶工程技术有限公司 A kind of assembled artificial marine habitat and its preparation process
CN109699550A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-05-03 范振山 Combined biological fish shelter

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN110419481B (en) 2021-04-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204518866U (en) A kind of applicable argillo arenaceous seabed and be easy to marine organisms attachment artificial fish shelter
CN103538707B (en) A kind of fishing platform having floating type artificial fish shelter concurrently
CN201894116U (en) Bait cultivation type shell concrete reef
CN103053469A (en) Simulative original ecology breeding method for giant salamanders
CN106719220A (en) A kind of building method of the aquafarm with the unrestrained function that disappears
CN202425452U (en) Ecological proliferation anti-stormy wave square open pore type artificial fish reef
CN104381116A (en) Porphyra haitanensis culture raft frame and culture method
CN106165667B (en) A kind of low dam-high net methods swimming crab cultivation water storage pond with from row function
CN202444964U (en) Storm-resistant hexahedron artificial fish reef for ecological breeding
CN201163931Y (en) Multi-function concealed device for culture pond of cuttle fish
CN203482752U (en) Pond suspension type trepang middle cultivation device
CN109349165A (en) A kind of aquafarm development model
CN110419481A (en) A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem
CN103749364B (en) Latticed artificial reef system
CN104686401A (en) Large-scale artificial shed room culture technology for shuttle crabs
CN104054615A (en) Octopus minor oosperm collector and application thereof
CN203435544U (en) Marine fish large-scale seedling culture and incubation net cage
CN213246398U (en) Floating net cage capable of being mutually communicated
CN210726410U (en) Anti-wave flow artificial fish reef in deep water area
CN211746268U (en) Straight-through type wave-flow-resistant artificial fish reef
CN210695515U (en) Artemia breeding device suitable for phytoplankton artemia litopenaeus breeding method
CN203897036U (en) Shell reef capable of providing good shadow effect
CN113940299A (en) Method for restoring estuary sea area fishery resources
CN208446380U (en) A kind of artificial marine habitat
CN208768741U (en) The oviposition type artificial marine habitat constructed suitable for fresh water lake and reservoir and river hydrophytic habitat

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant