KR20150029107A - Box artificial reef for sea wood and method thereof - Google Patents

Box artificial reef for sea wood and method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20150029107A
KR20150029107A KR20130107837A KR20130107837A KR20150029107A KR 20150029107 A KR20150029107 A KR 20150029107A KR 20130107837 A KR20130107837 A KR 20130107837A KR 20130107837 A KR20130107837 A KR 20130107837A KR 20150029107 A KR20150029107 A KR 20150029107A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
seaweed
mesh
frame
sea
seedling
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KR20130107837A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
이인우
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주식회사 서진건설
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Priority to KR20130107837A priority Critical patent/KR20150029107A/en
Publication of KR20150029107A publication Critical patent/KR20150029107A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • A01K61/73Artificial fishing banks or reefs assembled of components
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/043Artificial seaweed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/046Artificial reefs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention relates to a box-type daisy-chestnut for constituting a sea forest, which is a facility for establishing a spawning ground or a habitat for artificially aquatic organisms in water.
The present invention relates to a box-type seaweed for the formation of a sea cucumber having a square hexahedron shape, comprising a seaweed seedling, a mesh frame to which the seaweed seedling is bound, a seaweed seedling inner frame having the mesh frame therein, A fixed anchor bolt for fixing the fixture, a water hole formed on the front and rear sides of the deck, and a de-ionized securing rope for fixing the de-ionized deck By forming the inner space of the seaweed basin, the inner space 54 of the seaweed basin is formed and natural stones are placed in the space, thereby enlarging the area in which seaweeds can be inhabited. As a result, It is possible to provide a new attachment base for easy handling and to secure the structure from the windshield by increasing the weight per unit area That is characterized.
The present invention relates to a method for producing a box-type sea-weed plant for the production of a sea-forest and a method for producing the same, wherein the inner space of the box-type sea-weed plant is formed into a natural stone (90) Young seaweed), and has excellent stability in various wave fields and flow fields. In addition, when seaweeds (rhododendron, rhododendron, gomphi, etc.) seedlings (seaweeds with seeds attached to seeds) are directly wound on seaweeds attached to the mesh instead of ropes, seaweed roots can be firmly dropped on the structure , There is no need to transplant the first cultured seedlings into the sea in the second step, thus shortening the process time and reducing the time of seaweed transplantation, thereby reducing the business cost.
In addition, there is a manufacturing process and a manufacturing cost saving effect by the simplification of the fixing structure of the mesh frame and the simplification of the parts. In the present invention, the fence net and the water hole net are installed to protect the algae from the pirates. In addition, the present invention has the effect of enduring various wave fields with the stability structure, having the effect of enduring various environmental pollution, .

Description

Field of the Invention < RTI ID = 0.0 > [0001] < / RTI &
The present invention relates to a box-type daisy-chestnut for constituting a sea forest, which is a facility for establishing a spawning ground or a habitat for artificially aquatic organisms in water.
Artificial reef seaweed is a technique for artificially installing concrete structures so as to secure seafood, sticky fish species and basic ecosystem on the coast. Artificial fishes recover the polluted water quality by establishing the coastal forests on the coast and expanding the habitat of the marine benthic biota to secure the spawning and habitat environment of migratory fishes, High value-added indigenous fishes and fishery products are used to increase economic efficiency and to protect the resources by preventing trawl fishing which deplete fish stocks at the same time.
Conventional art relating to artificial fishes includes the artificial seaweed fishery of Registration No. 20-0308614. The point of devising this is that the edges are formed with irregularities in order to enlarge the surface area, A pair of side plates each of which is laterally passed through to correspond to a resistance force against the sand movement of the sidewall; And a fixing rod for forming a concavo-convex shape on the outer circumferential surface of the rod to enlarge the surface area and fixing the pair of side plates so as to be spaced apart by a predetermined distance at both ends thereof. It is economically advantageous at the same time, and it is possible to minimize the resistance to the flow such as migration of wastes, and by enlarging the surface area of the space, the habitat conditions of algae and algae can be advantageously improved, The present invention relates to an artificial marine algae which can facilitate settlement of fishes and maximize the installation stability to prevent the sale of marine products. However, this prior art does not allow easy migration of marine algae, And it is not easy to fix the artificial fish candle of the present invention due to the strong sea wave, It is difficult to stably formulate and there is a problem that it is not enough to form a sea forest.
Korean Registered Utility Model No. 20-0308614
Disclosure of the Invention The present invention is to solve the problems of the prior art and to provide a sea forest that has been difficult to construct as a structure for artificially creating a spawning ground or a habitat of aquatic organisms in water, .
In order to solve the conventional problems, the present invention provides a box-type seaweed herbarium for the formation of sea cucumbers having a square hexahedral shape, comprising a seaweed seedling (seaweed seedlings), a mesh frame to which the seaweed seedling is bound, A fixture for fixing the mesh frame and the algae seedling inner frame, a fixed anchor bolt for fixing the fixture, a water hole formed on the front, rear, left and right sides of the seaweed, Securing rope for securing the securing rope,
By forming the inner space of the seaweed bed and putting natural stones in the space, the area in which the seaweed can live is enlarged to provide a new attachment base for facilitating reproduction when the seaweed seedlings mature and spores are released. So that the structure can be safely maintained from the storm surge.
In addition, the mesh frame is made of a mesh, the roots of the seaweed seeds are stuck on a mesh, and the mesh is a stain mesh (SUS MESH). In addition, the seaweed seedling inner shell is coupled to the fixing groove, and the mesh shell is inserted and fixed in the seaweed seedling inner shell. In addition, the mesh frame to which the seaweed seedling is ligated is prevented from being separated by the catching jaws of the seaweed seedlings. In addition, the fixture is such that both ends of the fixture are fixed by a fixed anchor bolt. In addition, the above-mentioned water hole is provided with four each on the front, rear, and left sides of the seaweed for the purpose of supporting the growth of seaweed seedlings and habitat formation.
In addition, in order to prevent pirate creatures from the floor (sea creatures, small habitats, high altitudes, etc. as all the creatures that prevent or hinder the propagation of useful fishery resources of the sea) from entering from the bottom, It is to install a hole net. In addition, the above-mentioned fixing ropes of the above-mentioned seaweed fixing ropes can be used as rings used for connecting or transporting structures, or two on each of the front and rear sides of the seaweed so as to be able to perform low-loss facilities simultaneously. In addition, the seaweed seedlings are protected from pirate creatures (sea urchins, small spots, high altitudes, etc.) by a hedge net installed on the upper edge of the seaweed bed. By providing natural stones in the inner space of the seaweed bed, the area in which seaweeds are inhabited is enlarged and provided as a place for growing and scattering seawater and useful creatures, and the weight per unit area is increased, so that the structure can be safely maintained from the storm surge.
In addition, a hole having a predetermined size is formed in the bottom of the above-mentioned seaweed bed, and a wire net is covered thereon, and the natural stone is filled thereon to smooth the flow of seawater, thereby weakening the buoyancy of the structure from seawater, thereby enhancing the stability of the structure, A collision with a natural stone placed inside the city will form a vortex to increase the amount of oxygen generated and prevent foreign matter from accumulating inside the structure.
The present invention also provides a method for producing a box-shaped deerwood for the formation of a square sea-shaped forest of the present invention, comprising the steps of forming a formwork and a formwork comprising the inner space of the deep- The method of claim 1 or 2, further comprising the steps of: installing a water hole for inducing water flow in the upper part of the seawater, placing a concrete for forming a body of the seaweed, installing a part including a mesh frame installed on the seawater, And an installation step of installing the installation parts on the seawater basin,
The present invention is characterized in that an inner space of the seaweed bed is formed so that the seaweed seedlings mature to provide a new attachment base for facilitating reproduction during spore discharge.
In addition, the mesh frame is made of a mesh, the roots of the seaweed seeds are stuck on a mesh, and the mesh is a stain mesh (SUS MESH). In the installation step of installing the installation parts on the seaweed basin, the seaweed seedling inner shell is coupled to the fixing grooves formed on the body of the Seaweed Seaweed, and the mesh shell is inserted and fixed in the seaweed seedling inner shell. In addition, the mesh frame and the seaweed seedling built-in frame are fixed by a fixture. Further, the mesh frame is prevented from being separated by the catching jaws of the seaweed seedling built-in frame.
Also, the water hole forming step for introducing the water flow is to form a water hole by using a steel pipe or a PVC pipe, and to prevent air bubbles from being generated in the concrete by using a vibrator when the concrete is poured. In addition, the water hole formed in the water hole inducing hole for water flow guide is provided with a water hole in the lower part of the water hole to prevent the pirate creatures (sea urchin, small island, highland, etc.) from entering from the bottom. In addition, the method further comprises a step of installing a fence net on the edge of the upper surface of the seaweed so that the seaweed seedlings are protected from pirate creatures (sea urchin, small spots, high altitude, etc.).
The present invention is based on the fact that, due to recent spreading of the phenomenon called "desertification of the sea" in coastal fishing grounds due to marine pollution, high temperature and over-harvesting (impulsive noise), fishery degradation is deepened, In addition to restoration, it is a structure to provide food, hatchery, and habitat for marine organisms to contribute to the increase of fishermen income by restoring fish stocks.
The present invention relates to a method for producing a box-type seaweed for the preparation of sea forests, which has an effect of facilitating the reproduction of seeds of seaweeds (young seaweeds) by forming an inner space of box- It has excellent stability in the field. In addition, when seaweeds (rhododendron, rhododendron, gomphi, etc.) seedlings (seaweeds with seeds attached to seeds) are directly wound on seaweeds attached to the mesh instead of ropes, seaweed roots can be firmly dropped on the structure , There is no need to transplant the first cultured seedlings into the sea in the second step, thus shortening the process time and reducing the time of seaweed transplantation, thereby reducing the business cost.
In addition, there is a manufacturing process and a manufacturing cost saving effect by the simplification of the fixing structure of the mesh frame and the simplification of the parts. In the present invention, the fence net and the water hole net are installed to protect the algae from the pirates. In addition, the present invention has the effect of improving the flow of seawater and enhancing the quality of oxygen by installing the water hole. [0030] Further, the present invention provides a water- There is effect, and there is effect to make sea forest.
Although artificial fishes of the prior art are installed in a deep sea area and can not be used for the preparation of sea water, the present invention can be installed in a shallow coast within a depth of 10 m and work for daughters is also possible. It is possible to make food business (abalone, sea cucumber, seaweed, seaweed, etc.), and it contributes greatly to the income of fishermen.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the box type chrysanthemum of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a front view of the box-shaped groundwood of the present invention. Fig.
4 is an exploded view and assembled view of a mesh frame according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a box-shaped sea bed of the present invention containing natural stone.
6 is a view showing the installation of a fence net and a water hole network of the present invention.
In recent years, the phenomenon of rust on the coasts of the East Sea and Jeju has caused social damage to the fishing villages. In order to solve such a problem, the development of the reefs to restore the ecosystem has been developed.
The present invention relates to the recovery of the coastal ecosystem by artificial reforestation in the water as the depletion of the fisheries is worsened by spreading the phenomenon called "desertification of the sea" in coastal fisheries due to marine pollution, high temperature, Which is a facility to provide food, shelter, and habitat for the recovery of fish stocks and to contribute to the increase of fishermen 's income. It is a structure that is constructed to artificially create a sea forest in the water of the sea reef water and to establish a silver spot, a spawning ground and a habitat of aquatic life. As a result, And durability, and a method of planting new seaweed seedlings.
In the conventional method, a primary frame (the length of the work piece per one piece of the frame is 180M, in which the thread is threaded side by side so that the puppies can be well mixed on the square frame made of PVC with the seed receiving frame) It is a spore that swim in the water because it has a flagellum.) If you put sea water in a pottery container as a mobility hall and put a mock-up mock-up box and a frame for artificial stimulation, Was wrapped around the rope and transplanted into the sea for a certain period of time. In the present invention, however, this process was omitted and a method of directly roasting the seaweed seedlings (seeds of seaweed) on the mesh was invented.
In this method, a tree with a seaweed is attached to a mesh installed directly on the upper part of the stomach, and a graft attached with a seaweed is inserted into a fixing groove of the seaweed, And seaweed seedlings were fixed, so that they could not move on strong winds. In this way, the roots of the transplanted seaweed seedlings can be easily and reliably routed to the artificial structures without shaking due to waves or algae.
Although artificial fishes of the prior art are installed in a deep sea area and can not be used for the formation of sea water, the sea water reef of the present invention is a fishery management area within a depth of 10m, which is also called a desertification or whitening phenomenon of the sea. It is possible to feed seaweeds such as abalone seaweed, etc. (It is difficult to eat seaweed seedlings due to low light receiving rate in areas with more than 10M). This will greatly contribute to fishery profit business (income of abalone, sea cucumber, seaweed, kelp, etc.) .
The box-type sea-weed seedling 100 for sea-forest composition of square-shaped hexagonal shape according to the present invention is obtained from seaweed seedlings (seaweed seedlings 10); A mesh frame 12 to which the seaweed seedling 10 binds; A seaweed seedling inner frame 16 having the mesh frame 12 therein; A fixing groove 18 in which the seaweed seedling inner frame is embedded; A fixture (20) for fixing the mesh frame (12) and the seaweed seedling inner frame (16); A fixed anchor bolt 30 for fixing the fixture 20; A water hole (40) provided on the front, rear, left, and right sides of the seaweed, and a seaweed fixing rope (50) for fixing the seaweed,
By forming the inner space 54 of the seaweed bed and putting the natural stone 90 in the space, the area in which seaweeds can be inhabited is enlarged and a new attachment base is provided so that the seaweed seedlings mature and the spores are easily reproduced And the weight per unit area is increased, so that the structure can be safely retained from the storm surge.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. The box type seaweed sheath of the present invention is in the form of a square hexahedron and has an open top face and a first side wall 60 to a fourth side wall 66, A first intermediate wall 70 and a second intermediate wall 72 are provided between the fourth side wall 66 and the fourth side wall 66. A space 54 is formed on the inner side of the seaweed bed to mature the seaweed seeds, A new attachment base is provided.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the box type chrysanthemum of the present invention. The upper surface of the seawater bed has a first sidewall 60, a second sidewall 62, a third sidewall 64 and a fourth sidewall 66, and a first intermediate between the third sidewall 64 and the fourth sidewall 66. A wall 70 and a second intermediate wall 72 are provided and on the upper surface of the side wall and the intermediate wall are provided fixing grooves 18 in which a mesh frame 12 for binding seaweed seeds is built in. Four holes 56 for fixing the frame 12 are provided on the sidewall or the middle wall, respectively. A hole 56 having a predetermined size is formed in the bottom of the pavement, and the wire mesh 58 is covered thereon. , The flow of seawater is smoothly performed, thereby weakening the buoyancy of the structure from the seawater, thereby increasing the stability of the structure. In addition, when the seawater is introduced into the vessel, collision with the natural stone occurs, It also prevents foreign matter from accumulating inside.
Fig. 3 is a front view of the box-shaped groundwood of the present invention. Fig. In order to support the growth of seagull seedlings and the formation of useful organisms, 12 water holes 40 are provided on each side wall. The fixing ropes 50 are installed on the side of the reamer's head and four on the upper surface so as to be used as a ring to be used for connecting or transporting structures or to be combined with low-loss facilities.
4A is an exploded view of the mesh frame according to the present invention, and FIG. 4B is an assembled view thereof. 4, the mesh frame 12 is composed of a mesh 13, roots of the seaweed seedling 10 are bound on the mesh 13, and the mesh 13 is made of SUS MESH will be. A seaweed seedling mooring frame 16 is connected to a fixing groove 18 formed on the body 76 of the seaweed seedling and a mesh frame 12 is inserted and fixed in the seaweed seedling mooring frame 16. The mesh frame 12 to which the seaweed seedling is ligated is prevented from being separated by the catching jaw 17 of the seaweed seedling holding frame 16. The fixture 30 fixes the mesh mold 12 and the seaweed seedling frame 16 so as not to move, and both ends of the fixture are fixed by the fixed anchor bolts 40.
FIG. 5 shows that the natural seas 90 are placed in the inner space 54 of the seaweed so that the seaweeds can be expanded, and the seawater and the living creatures are provided as growth and scattering places, So that the structure can be safely maintained.
6 is an installation view of a fence net and a water hole according to the present invention. When seaweed grows into the adult, the feeding activity of pirate creatures (sea urchins, small spots, etc) is scarce, but young seaweeds are the best food for pirate creatures. The greatest victory in the formation of the sea forest is how safe it grows from pirate creatures until the seaweed grows into the adult, and it is no exaggeration to say that the success of the sea forest formation depends on how well the pirate biological relief work As much as the remedy of piracy is important.
In order to protect seaweed from pirates, a fence net (80) is installed on the upper edge of the upper surface of the forest. Here, the net used is a general fishing net (mesh size: width * length 1Cm * 1Cm * 15R), the mesh frame is made of 13 mm reinforcing bar, and the net height is 70 cm. Where R is the diameter, W is the width, and D is the depth. The water hole 40 installed on the side of the seawater basin is provided with a water hole 42 at the lower part of the water hole to prevent the pirate creatures (sea urchin, small fish, etc.) from entering from the side.
A method of manufacturing a box-shaped oak core 100 for sea forest composition having a square hexahedral shape, which is a further feature of the present invention, includes the steps of: a die making and a die assembling process including manufacturing such that the inner space 54 is formed; The method according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising: a step of installing a water hole for inducing water flow in the upper part of the sea bed, a concrete pouring step for forming an upper body of the sea bed, a mesh frame (12) And an installation step of installing an installation part on the foundation of the sea bed,
By forming the inner space 54 of the seaweed bed and putting the natural stone 90 in the space, the area in which seaweeds can be inhabited is enlarged and a new attachment base is provided so that the seaweed seedlings mature and the spores are easily reproduced And is also provided as a place for growth and scattering of seawater and useful creatures, and the weight per unit area is high, so that the structure can be safely maintained from the wind. In addition, the method further includes a step of piercing a hole 56 of a predetermined size on the bottom of the pavement, covering the wire mesh 58 thereon, and filling the pavement with natural stone thereon.
The installation step of installing the installation parts on the seaweed basin is characterized in that the seaweed seedlings containment frame 16 is coupled to the fixing grooves 18 formed on the body 76 of the seaweed seedling, And a step in which the mold 12 is inserted and fixed. The mesh frame 12 and the seaweed seedling inner frame 16 are fixed by the catch 20. Further, the mesh frame 12 to which the seaweed seedling is ligated is prevented from being separated by the catching jaw 17 of the seaweed seedling holding frame 16.
In the process of installing a water hole for inducing water flow, a water hole 40 is formed by using a steel pipe or a PVC pipe, and a bib leather is used to prevent bubbles from forming in the concrete when the concrete is poured. The water hole 40 installed in the water hole inducing water hole installation process is provided with a water hole 42 at the lower part of the water hole to prevent the pirate creature (sea urchin, small water column, etc.) from entering from the bottom. Further comprises the step of installing the hedge nets (80) on the rim of the upper surface of the seaweed so that the seaweed seedling (10) is protected from pirate creatures (sea urchin, small island, high altitude, etc.).
And a step of installing a total of sixteen fixing ropes 50 on the front, rear, left and right sides of the bottom of the weaving machine so as to be used as a ring to be used for connection or transportation of structures or to be combined with low-successive facilities.
The present invention will be described in detail below.
1. An inner space (54) of a box-shaped deer primer is formed to insert the natural stone (90), thereby facilitating the reproduction of a seaweed seedling (young seaweed) and having excellent stability in various wave fields and flow fields have.
By forming the inner space (54) with the hirting herb as a box type and placing the natural stone (90) on the inner side, it enlarges the attachment area of the seaweed spore (seed) and improves the reproducibility of the spore release It is possible to provide an attachment base, and a water hole 40 is formed on the side of the seawater so that when the seawater flowing from the upper part is drained into the side hole, the flow of seawater is naturally controlled and the spore is easily synthesized. And increased nutrients and nutrients, thereby increasing the density and growth substrate of the marine spores and facilitating the movement of seawater and useful organisms through the side holes.
In addition, by piercing a hole (56) of a certain size on the bottom of the seaweed bed and covering the wire mesh (58) thereon with natural stone on it, the flow of seawater is smoothly made and the buoyancy which the structure receives from seawater is weakened, To increase the amount of oxygen generated and to prevent foreign matter from accumulating inside the structure.
2. Seaweeds (Rhododendron, Rhodesia, Momopsis, etc.) Seedlings (seaweeds with seaweeds attached to seaweed seedlings) By directly wrapping seaweeds with seeds attached to the mesh in place of ropes, seaweed roots can be firmly dropped on the structure , There is no need to transplant the first cultured seedlings into the sea in the second step, thus shortening the process time and reducing the time of seaweed transplantation, thereby reducing the business cost.
The purpose of culturing seaweeds is to spread the cultured seaweeds in large quantities in a short time to the structure (seaweed). In the prior art, the mollusks (seeds) of mock (seaweed) are collected from October to December every year and cultured for 1 to 3 months in a frame of a field culture (rectangular culture frame). Then, , And then cultured for 2 ~ 4 months to grow (size of young seaweed: 10 ~ 20cm), it is sampled and cut and transected according to the length of the implantation groove of the structure.
In the present invention, the meshes themselves serve as a frame frame by using a stent mesh (SUS mesh) for seaweed grafting in the present invention, and in the present invention, In the present invention, it takes a considerable period of time for roots to be roots to fall down on the rope, and in the present invention, So that the period of time until the roots of the seaweeds fall on the structure is very short. In this way, the roots of seaweeds are not only short in length, but also have a stronger binding force to seaweed roots than mesh ropes. In the case of the mesh, the roots can easily come down to the mesh between the ropes because they use the stent mesh, and it is easy to bind the rope by winding the rope, while the growing roots are easy to propagate to the side structure. It is not easy to dig in and it takes time for roots wrapped in the rope to propagate to the side structure. Further, as described above, since the culturing process in the sea for 2 to 4 months is omitted, the present invention can shorten the culture process, shorten the culture period, and reduce the culture expense. In addition, seaweeds can be transplanted at the end of April or May, when they are half-finished in the sea, but using Mesh can be done in February and March, which can shorten the start-up time of the project.
The purpose of culturing seaweeds is to disperse the cultured seaweeds in a large amount in a short time in a structure (seaweed), so that the mesh structure of the present invention is suitable.
For the above reasons, it is very important to develop a technique for culturing seaweeds using mesh instead of cultivating seaweeds using ropes.
 3. Simplification of the fixing structure of the mesh frame and simplification of the parts have a manufacturing process and a manufacturing cost saving effect.
A seaweed seedling inner frame 16 is connected to a fixing groove 18 formed on a body 70 of a seaweed seedling, a mesh frame 12 is inserted and fixed in a seaweed seedling inner frame 16, The frame 12 is prevented from being separated by the catching jaw 17 of the seaweed seedling holding frame 16 and the mesh frame 12 and the seaweed seedling holding frame 12 are fixed by the catch 30, 30 are fixed by the fixed anchor bolts 50. Since the mesh frame 12 of the present invention is fixed by the catching jaws 17 of the seaweed seedling frame 16, it has been fixed using a large number of fasteners and anchor bolts to fix the seaweed ropes in the prior art. When a seaweed is grafted or removed due to environmental or anthropogenic reasons after a seaweed has been implanted, it is necessary to disassemble and re-repair the existing bolt when reboosting is needed. It is necessary for the diver to disassemble and reassemble a large number of bolts in the water And a lot of expenses are required. In the present invention, in order to work more easily in a short period of time, the number of components is reduced, the working time is shortened, and the required cost is reduced.
4. It is effective to protect algae from pirates by installing a hedge net 80 and a water hole network 42 in the present invention.
The greatest victory in the formation of the sea forest is how safe it grows from pirate creatures until the seaweed grows into an adult, and therefore it is not an exaggeration to say that the recovery of the sea creatures is affected by how well the pirate creatures are relieved. It is important. Once the seaweed grows into an adult, the feeding activity of pirate creatures (sea urchins, small horns, etc., which feed on seaweeds in the formation of sea crabs) is rarely achieved, but young seaweeds are the best food for pirates . Currently, there is no way to get rid of them by hand by using diver. Therefore, it took a lot of time and money, and in some cases, due to the change of the ocean weather, proper remedial work was not carried out at a proper time.
In order to protect seaweeds from pirates, a fence net (80) is installed on the upper edge of the upper surface of the forest. (See Figure 6.) The net used here is a general net (size: width * length 1Cm * 1Cm * 15R) The mesh frame is made of 13mm reinforced bar or 40W * 40D square pipe and the net height is 70cm. Where R is the diameter, W is the width, and D is the height.
Further, in order to prevent pirate creatures flowing through the water hole (40) at the lower part of the seaweed bed, a water hole (42) is installed in the water hole at the beginning of the sea bed and the concrete is laid There is an effect of creating an environment in which algae grow safely without artificially rescue work.
5. The installation of the water hole (40) has the effect of improving the flow of seawater and improving the quality of oxygen.
The water hole (40) for inducing the water flow smoothes the flow of seawater between the upper and lower parts of the dune structure and increases the amount of bubbles generated by the seawater passing through the hole, It plays a role of artificially raising the supply of oxygen.
6. The present invention is excellent in stability, has a corrosion resistance and corrosion resistance structure, can withstand various wave fields, has an effect of enduring various environmental pollution, and has an effect of creating a sea forest.
  (Stability test)
In order to test the stability of the present invention, the following results were obtained from the East Sea Fisheries Research Institute. Stability is to test the safety of the structure (movement degree) and conduction (degree of overturning) at various wave fields and flow fields.
o Experimental results of box-type seaweed
Activity safety rate (> 1.2) Conduction safety factor (> 1.5) Remarks
Depth 15m Depth 10m Depth 15m Depth 10m
1.6 1.4 6.6 5.7 Bird 1.0m / sec
Note 1: The above results are calculated by the Morison equation.
   2: If the activity safety rate is> 1.2 (standard value), it is acceptable. If the conduction safety rate is> 1.5 (standard value), it is acceptable.
According to the above experimental results, the present invention shows a passing numerical value higher than the reference value in the activity safety factor and the conduction safety factor, so that the stability of the present invention is said to be excellent.
(Nervous structure)
The box-type seaweed is 300L * 300W * 75H with low height and wide area. Here, L is the length, W is the width, and H is the height. In order to increase the intertwining of the walls and walls of the structure, the bottom of the structure is made of concrete and the whole of the facility is integrated and two beams are installed inside the structure so that the side of the structure can withstand the pressure from the sea. In addition, 9 (500W * 400L) and 16 (350L * 300H) water holes were installed on the bottom of the structure to prevent the water from escaping through this water hole and moving or loss by buoyancy or seawater pressure By making the structure reinforced concrete, the weight per unit area is increased to secure the stability and the interwave, and the natural stone is put in the inside to increase the weight per unit area. In addition, a rope for connecting (24MM * 8EA) is provided on both sides of the structure, so that the structure can be connected to each other at the time of installation.
(Durability structure)
Durability refers to the ability of concrete to withstand various environmental pollution where it is used. It also refers to the ability to maintain initial performance during long periods of use. The reinforcement of the cruciform deforestation basin has a long durability in comparison with a conventional concrete reed for the purpose of providing high durability by reinforcing the reinforcement and reinforcing the concrete. Generally, the fishing reefs increase the porosity of concrete and increase the adhesion quality of useful seaweeds. Larger pores in the reef are good for the growth of algae, but if the porosity is large or the particle size is large, the strength is low and it is not suitable for the area where the waves like the east coast are severe. The reinforced concrete structure is semi-permanent, and the durability period is 60 to 65 years. The cruciform reptiles were reinforced with reinforcing bars and reinforced durability compared to general reptiles. The holes were drilled in the upper part of the reefs, and the surface was roughened to increase the adhesion rate of useful algae.
7. Although artificial fishes of the prior art are installed in a deep sea area and can not be used for the preparation of sea water, the present invention can be installed in a shallow coast within a depth of 10 m, It has the effect of contributing greatly to the income of fishermen by making food business (abalone, sea cucumber, seaweed, seaweed, etc.) of animals and plants possible.
While the present invention has been described with reference to the particular embodiments and drawings, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein are for the purpose of description and should not be interpreted to limit the scope of the present invention. It must be interpreted in terms of meaning and concept. Therefore, the embodiments described in the present specification and the configurations shown in the drawings are merely examples of the present invention and are not intended to represent all of the technical ideas of the present invention, so that various equivalents It should be understood that water and variations are within the scope of the invention.

10: Seaweed Seedlings (Seaweed Seaweed) 12: Mesh Frame
13: mesh 16; Seaweed seedling frame 17: catching jaw 18: fixing groove 20: fixture 30: fixed in-car bolt
40: a water hole 42: a water hole 50:
60: first side wall 62: second side wall
64: third side wall 66: fourth side wall
70: first intermediate wall 72: second intermediate wall
76: the body of the oyster mushroom 80: the fence net
90: Natural Stone 100: Crucifix

Claims (19)

  1. (100) for boxwood for the formation of a square-shaped hexahedron,
    Seaweed seedling (10);
    A mesh frame 12 to which the seaweed seedling 10 binds;
    A seaweed seedling inner frame 16 having the mesh frame 12 therein;
    A fixing groove 18 in which the seaweed seedling inner frame is embedded;
    A fixture (20) for fixing the mesh frame (12) and the seaweed seedling inner frame (16);
    A fixed anchor bolt 30 for fixing the fixture 20;
    A water hole (40) provided on the front, rear, left and right sides of the seaweed,
    (50) for fixing the seaweed sheats
    ≪ / RTI &
    By forming the inner space 54 of the seaweed bed and putting the natural stone 90 in the space, the area in which seaweeds can live is enlarged, and a new attachment base is provided so that the seaweed seedlings mature and the spores are easily reproduced And the weight per unit area is high, and the structure can be safely maintained from the storm surge.
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the mesh frame 12 is formed of a mesh 13 and the roots of the seaweed seedling 10 are bound on the mesh 13 and the mesh 13 is a stainless mesh A box - type daikon radish for the formation of a sea forest.
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the seaweed seedling inner frame 16 is coupled to the fixing groove 18 and the mesh frame 12 is inserted and fixed in the seaweed seedling inner frame 16.
  4. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the mesh frame (12) to which the seaweed seedlings are ligated is prevented from being separated by the catching jaws (17) of the seaweed seedlings containment frame (16).
  5. The method according to claim 1,
    Characterized in that both ends of the fixture (20) are fixed by fixed anchor bolts (30).
  6. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the water hole (40) is provided with four water holes (4) on the front and back sides of the seaweed for the purpose of supporting the growth of seagull seedlings and the living organisms.
  7. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the water hole (40) is provided with a water hole (42) on the entire surface of the water hole to prevent pirate creatures (sea urchin, spot, high altitude, etc.) .
  8. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the two fixed ropes (50) are respectively installed on the front and rear sides of the pavement so as to be used as a ring to be used for connecting or transporting the structure or to be combined with a low-yielding facility. .
  9. The method according to claim 1,
    Characterized in that the seaweed seedling (10) is protected from pirate creatures (sea urchins, small spots, high altitudes, etc.) by means of a hedge net (80) installed at the edge of the upper surface of the seaweed bed.
  10. The method according to claim 1,
    By piercing a hole 56 of a predetermined size on the bottom of the seaweed bed and covering the wire mesh 58 with natural stone on it, the seawater flows smoothly, thereby weakening the buoyancy of the structure from seawater, Which is formed by a collision with a natural stone placed in the interior of the seawater when the seawater flows into the seawater, thereby preventing the accumulation of foreign matter in the inside of the structure.
  11. A method for producing a box-shaped chrysanthemum powder (100)
    And forming an inner space (54) in the middle of the decking;
    The reinforcing and embedding process for embankment reinforcement;
    A water hole for guiding water flow in the upper part of the sea bed;
    A concrete pouring step for forming the body of the weeping weft;
    An installation part manufacturing step including a mesh frame (12) installed on the seawater;
    The decking process in the early morning of the harvesting season;
    An installation step of installing an installation part on the above-mentioned weaving machine;
    ≪ / RTI &
    By forming the inner space 54 of the seaweed bed and putting the natural stone 90 in the space, the area in which seaweeds can be inhabited is enlarged and a new attachment base is provided so that the seaweed seedlings mature and the spores are easily reproduced And is also provided as a place for growth and scattering of seawater and useful creatures, and the weight per unit area is increased, so that the structure can be safely maintained from the storm surge.
  12. 12. The method of claim 11,
    Wherein the mesh frame 12 is formed of a mesh 13 and the roots of the seaweed seedling 10 are bound on the mesh 13 and the mesh 13 is a stainless mesh A method for manufacturing a box - shaped sea - son for the formation of sea forests.
  13. 12. The method of claim 11,
    The installation step of installing the installation parts on the seaweed basin is characterized in that the seaweed seedlings containment frame 16 is coupled to the fixing grooves 18 formed on the body 76 of the seaweed seedling, Wherein the frame (12) is inserted and fixed.
  14. 14. The method of claim 13,
    Wherein the mesh frame (12) and the algae seedlings containment frame (16) are fixed by a fastener (20).
  15. 14. The method according to claim 11 or 13,
    Wherein the mesh frame (12) is prevented from being separated by the catching jaw (17) of the seaweed seedling casting mold (16).
  16. 12. The method of claim 11,
    The water flow hole for introducing water flow holes is formed by forming a water hole (20) by using a steel pipe or a PVC pipe and by using a vibreder when pouring concrete to prevent air bubbles from forming in the concrete. Manufacturing method of cruciform.
  17. 12. The method of claim 11,
    The water hole 40 provided in the water hole inducing hole for water flow induction is provided with a water hole 42 in the lower part of the water hole to prevent the pirate creatures (sea urchin, A method for manufacturing a cruciferous sea buckthorn for making a sea forest.
  18. 12. The method of claim 11,
    Further comprising the step of installing a hedge net (80) on the edge of the upper surface of the seaweed bed so that the seaweed seedling (10) is protected from pirate creatures (sea urchin, small island, high altitude, etc.) .
  19. 12. The method of claim 11,
    Further comprising the step of piercing a hole (56) of a predetermined size on the bottom of the seaweed so that the wire mesh (58) is covered on the hole (56) and then filling with a natural stone thereon.
KR20130107837A 2013-09-09 2013-09-09 Box artificial reef for sea wood and method thereof KR20150029107A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101686856B1 (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-12-16 주식회사 서진건설 The artificial fish reef for multipurpose and method thereof
CN110419481A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-11-08 浙江海洋大学 A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101686856B1 (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-12-16 주식회사 서진건설 The artificial fish reef for multipurpose and method thereof
CN110419481A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-11-08 浙江海洋大学 A kind of Artificial Fish skerries for Larimichthys crocea restoration of the ecosystem
CN110419481B (en) * 2019-09-10 2021-04-30 浙江海洋大学 Artificial fish reef island for ecological restoration of large yellow croakers

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