KR200195043Y1 - Artificial for abalone breeding reef - Google Patents

Artificial for abalone breeding reef Download PDF

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Publication number
KR200195043Y1
KR200195043Y1 KR2020000008882U KR20000008882U KR200195043Y1 KR 200195043 Y1 KR200195043 Y1 KR 200195043Y1 KR 2020000008882 U KR2020000008882 U KR 2020000008882U KR 20000008882 U KR20000008882 U KR 20000008882U KR 200195043 Y1 KR200195043 Y1 KR 200195043Y1
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South Korea
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abalone
artificial
natural stone
concrete
size
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KR2020000008882U
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Korean (ko)
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김봉래
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김봉래
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • A01K61/77Artificial fishing banks or reefs of monolithic form, e.g. blocks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/51Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of gastropods, e.g. abalones or turban snails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/046Artificial reefs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

본 고안은 전복서식용 인공어초에 관한 것으로 보다 상세하게는 인공으로 만들어진 어초내에 해조류등이 부착이 잘 될수 있도록 자연석을 넣어서 수산동식물의 착생력을 높임으로서 먹이 생물이 많도록 하여 어장을 조성하고 확충하며, 인공어초내의 자연석의 크기를 전복종묘의 크기에 따라 조절하여 서식공간을 최대한 확보하여 생잔률을 높여 전복의 어획량을 증대시키는 전복서식용 인공어초에 관한 것으로, 이는 사각육면체형상의 콘크리트구조물의 윗면에 해조류의 착색력이 뛰어난 자연석을 채울수 있도록 개구부가 사각형상으로 형성되어 있고, 앞면과 뒷면에는 전복이 드나들수 있도록 사각형의 다수개의 치패출입구가 형성되며, 양측면에는 크기가 다른 전복이 드나들수 있도록 앞,뒤면보다 크기가 조금큰 사각형의 성패출입구가 형성되며, 상기 콘크리트구조물의 내부가 자연석으로 안채움 되어있는 것을 특징으로 한다.The present invention relates to an artificial reef for abalone farming, and more specifically, a natural stone is inserted in the artificial reef to enhance the viability of aquatic animals and plants by adding natural stones to create and expand a fishery. It also relates to the abalone form artificial reefs that increase the catch rate of abalone by increasing the survival rate by adjusting the size of natural stone in artificial reefs according to the size of abalone seedlings. The opening is formed in the shape of a rectangle to fill the natural stone with excellent coloring power of the seaweed on the upper side, and a number of entrances of the square are formed on the front and the back so that the abalone can enter. So that the square entrance and exit is slightly larger than the front and back. Characterized in that in the interior of the concrete structure is not filled with a natural stone.

Description

전복서식용 인공어초{Artificial for abalone breeding reef}Artifical for abalone breeding reef
본 고안은 전복서식용 인공어초에 관한 것으로 보다 상세하게는 인공으로 만들어진 어초내에 해조류등이 부착이 잘 될수 있도록 자연석을 넣어서 수산동식물의 착생력을 높임으로서 먹이 생물이 많도록 하여 어장을 조성하고 확충하며, 인공어초내의 자연석의 크기를 전복종묘의 크기에 따라 조절하여 서식공간을 최대한 확보하여 생잔률을 높여 전복의 어획량을 증대시키는 전복서식용 인공어초에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an artificial reef for abalone farming, and more specifically, a natural stone is inserted in the artificial reef to enhance the viability of aquatic animals and plants by adding natural stones to create and expand a fishery. The present invention relates to an artificial abalone for artificial abalone, which increases the yield of abalone by increasing the survival rate by adjusting the size of the natural stone in the artificial reef according to the size of the abalone seedling.
일반적으로 수산동식물과 어패류등은 어촌사업의 부가가치가 높은 수입원으로 자리잡고 있어 어민들은 각종 어패류를 잡기 위해 인근연안과 바다로 나가서 자연산 어패류를 재집하고 있으며 다른 방법으로 양식장에서 아직 자라지 않은 어린 어패류를 양식해 그 수요를 충당하고 있는 실정이다.In general, marine animals and plants and fish and shellfish are a high value-added income source for the fishing village business, and fishermen go out to the nearby coast and the sea to collect various fish and shellfish, and collect wild fish and shellfish. The situation is covering the demand.
전복의 경우 기호성이 높은 고급수산물로서 수요에 대해 공급이 모자라고 있는 실정이어서 매년 어린치폐를 방류하고 있으나 어장조성이 부족하여 생산량이 감소되고 있어 전복의 개체수 증가가 절실히 필요로 하고 있는 실정이며 자원의 합리적 관리라는 측면에서 더욱 중요시 되고 있다.In the case of abalone, it is a high-quality fishery with high preference and lacks supply for demand, so it releases young tooth waste every year, but the production is decreasing due to lack of fishery composition, and the increase of population of abalone is urgently needed. It is becoming more important in terms of rational management.
그러하여 어장조성과 서식처를 제공하기 위해서 인공어초가 사용되고 있는 실정이나 지금까지는 집어되는 어종이나 어패류의 종류에 관계없이 집어가 잘 되고 생산량이 많으면 어초의 효과가 좋은 것으로 인정되고 있어 부가 가치가 높은 특정 어패류의 어장을 확보하기 어려운 문제점이 있었다.Therefore, the artificial fish is used to provide fishery composition and habitat, but until now, regardless of the species or type of fish that are being picked up, it is recognized that the effect of the fish is good if the catch is good and the yield is high. There was a problem that is difficult to secure the fishing grounds.
이에 본 고안의 상술한 문제점을 감안하여 안출한 것으로, 그 목적은 인공으로 만들어진 어초내에 해조류등이 부착이 잘 될수 있도록 자연석을 넣어서 수산동식물의 착생력을 높임으로서 먹이 생물이 많도록 하여 어장을 조성하고 확충하며, 인공어초내의 자연석의 크기를 전복종묘의 크기에 따라 조절하여 서식공간을 최대한 확보하여 생잔률을 높여 전복의 어획량을 증대시키는 전복서식용 인공어초를 제공함에 있다.In view of the above-described problems of the present invention, the purpose is to put a natural stone so that the algae, etc. can be attached in the artificial reefs to increase the viability of aquatic animals and plants to create a fishery to increase the number of food organisms It is to provide an abalone breeding artificial reef that increases the catch rate of abalone by increasing the survival rate by adjusting the size of the natural stone in the artificial reef according to the size of the abalone seedling.
상기의 목적을 달성시키기 위한 본 고안에 따른 전복서식용 인공어초는 사각육면체형상의 콘크리트구조물의 윗면에 개구부가 사각형상으로 형성되어 자연석을 콘크리트구조물내에 넣을수 있으며, 앞면과 뒷면에는 전복이 드나들수 있도록 사각형의 다수개의 출입구가 형성되어 있고, 양측면에는 크기가 다른 전복이 드나들수 있도록 앞,뒷면보다 크기가 조금큰 사각형의 출입구가 형성된 것을 특징으로 한다.The abalone form artificial reef according to the present invention for achieving the above object is formed in a rectangular shape of the opening on the upper surface of the rectangular hexahedron-shaped concrete structure, natural stone can be put in the concrete structure, the front and back can be abalone A plurality of square entrances are formed, and both sides have a rectangular entrance that is slightly larger in size than the front and rear sides so that different sizes of abalone can enter.
도 1은 본 고안에 따른 전복서식용 인공어초의 사시도1 is a perspective view of the abalone form artificial reefs according to the present invention
도 2는 본 고안에 따른 전복서식용 인공어초의 단면도2 is a cross-sectional view of the abalone form artificial reefs according to the present invention
♣ 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명 ♣♣ Explanation of symbols for main part of drawing ♣
100: 전복서식용 인공어초 120: 자연석100: artificial abalone fish 120: natural stone
130: 콘크리트구조물 140: 개구부130: concrete structure 140: opening
150: 성패출입구 160: 치패출입구150: success and exit 160: plaque exit
180: 철 근 200: 서식공간180: rebar 200: habitat
이하, 본 고안에 따른 전복서식용 인공어초를 첨부도면에 의거하여 좀 더 구체적으로 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the abalone form artificial reefs according to the present invention will be described in more detail based on the accompanying drawings.
도 1 은 본 고안에 따른 전복서식용 인공어초의 사시도이고, 도 2 는 본 고안에 따른 전복서식용 인공어초의 단면도이다.1 is a perspective view of the abalone form artificial reefs according to the present invention, Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the abalone form artificial reefs according to the present invention.
상기 도면에 도시된 바와같이, 본 고안은 사각육면체형상의 콘크리트구조물(130)의 윗면에 해조류의 착색력이 뛰어난 자연석을 채울수 있도록 개구부(140)가 사각형상으로 형성되어있고, 앞면과 뒷면에는 전복이 드나들수 있도록 사각형의 다수개의 치패출입구(160)가 형성되어 있으며, 양측면에는 크기가 다른 전복이 드나들수 있도록 앞,뒷면보다 크기가 조금큰 사각형의 성패출입구(150)가 형성되어 있다.As shown in the drawings, the subject innovation is formed in the opening 140 is formed in a quadrangular shape so as to fill the natural stone with excellent coloring power of the algae on the upper surface of the rectangular hexahedral concrete structure 130, the abalone on the front and back A plurality of chipping entry and exit 160 is formed to enter and exit, and both sides are formed with a square entrance and exit 150 of a slightly larger size than the front and back so that the abalone is different in size.
또한 콘크리트구조물(130)의 내부가 자연석(120)으로 안채움 되어있어 인공어초(100) 자체의 무게가 무거워져 파랑에 의한 전복 및 조류에 의한 유실을 방지할수 있으며, 상기의 산적한 수많은 자연석(120)과 자연석(120)사이에 여유공간이 형성되고 이러한 여유공간이 전복이 서식할수 있는 서식공간(200)이 되어 해적생물로 부터의 식혜를 최소화할수 있는 것이며, 화강석등의 자연석(120)을 어초로 활용하여 해조류와 같은 해저식물의 착색력이 뛰어나 먹이생물이 많아지는 장점이 있으며, 백화현상등으로 먹이생물이 부족할때는 다시마와 미역등의 종사를 첨부하기가 용이하여 어장을 조성하기 유리한 것이다.In addition, the interior of the concrete structure 130 is not filled with natural stone 120, the weight of the artificial reef (100) itself is heavy to prevent the loss of overturning and algae caused by blue, numerous natural stones ( 120) and free space is formed between the natural stone (120) and this free space becomes a habitat space (200) where abalone can be inhabited to minimize the benefit from pirates, natural stone (120) such as granite It has the advantage of excellent coloring power of seabed plants, such as seaweed, by utilizing it as a fish herb, and a large number of food organisms. When the food organisms are scarce due to the phenomena, it is easy to attach fisheries such as kelp and seaweed to create a fishery.
그리고 상기의 콘크리트구조물(130)의 내측에는 조류와 파랑에 의한 외력에 변형되지 않도록 철근(180)이 사각형의 형태의 콘크리트구조물(130)의 내부에 포함되어 있으며, 이로인해 전체적을 무게가 무거워 조류와 파랑에 의해 전복되거나 유실되지 않는 것이다.And the inside of the concrete structure 130, the reinforcement 180 is included in the interior of the rectangular concrete structure 130 so as not to be deformed by the external force due to the algae and the blue, thereby the overall weight is heavy bird It is not overturned or lost by the blue and the blue.
상기와 같이 구성된 전복서식용 인공어초(100)는 전체적으로 어초(100)의 높이가 낮고 저면이 넓어 매몰 및 전복되지 않으며, 전복의 치패육성어초로 낮은 연근해에 설치하여 치패의 성장을 손쉽게 관찰할수 있는 것이다.The abalone form artificial reef (100) configured as described above is low in total and low bottom of the reef (100) as a whole is not buried and overturned, can be easily observed the growth of the chipping by installing in the lower lotus water as a spawning reef of abalone will be.
치패육성어초의 경우 직경이 20 cm 이하의 자연석(120)을 넣어 은신처를 제공하여 해적생물의 식해를 방지하며, 성패육성어초의 경우 직경이 30cm 이상의 자연석을 넣어 서식,은신공간을 확대하고, 상기의 자연석(120)을 콘크리트구조물내(130)에 80%정도 안채움하여 연근해에 현수투하시키는 것이다.In case of chipped breeding reefs, put natural stone 120 of 20 cm or less in diameter to provide a hideout to prevent piracy, and in the case of sexually grown reefs, put natural stones of 30 cm or more in diameter to expand the habitat and hiding space. The natural stone 120 of the concrete structure 130 is not filled by about 80% is to drop the suspension in soft water.
그리고 치패육성어초 1개를 중심으로 2m 간격으로 사방 4개를 투하하여 어초군을 형성하며, 어초군간의 거리는 해초형태에 따라 10m 간격으로 형성하여 전복이 성장,회수할때까지 전복의 서식에 알맞게 어장을 조성하여 전복의 어획량을 극대화 할수 있는 것이다.Also, four groups of four sides are dropped at 2m intervals around one of the cultivated fish reefs to form a group of fishes, and the distance between the groups of fishes is formed at 10m intervals according to the seaweed type so that abalone grows and recovers accordingly. It is possible to maximize the catch of abalone by creating a fishing ground.
상술한 바와 같이 본 고안은 인공으로 만들어진 어초내에 해조류등이 부착이 잘 될수 있도록 자연석을 넣어서 수산동식물의 착생력을 높임으로서 먹이 생물이 많도록 하여 어장을 조성하고 확충하며, 인공어초내의 자연석의 크기를 전복종묘의 크기에 따라 조절하여 서식공간을 최대한 확보하며, 은신처를 조성하여 해적생물의 식해를 최소한으로 방지하여 생잔률을 높여 전복의 어획량을 증대시키는 효과를 제공하게 된다.As described above, the present invention puts natural stones so that algae, etc. can be attached to the artificial reefs, and enhances the viability of aquatic animals and plants to create and expand the fisheries to increase the number of living organisms, and the size of the natural stones in the artificial reefs. By adjusting the size according to the size of the abalone seedlings, the habitat space is secured to the maximum, and the hiding place is prevented to minimize the harm of the pirates, thereby increasing the survival rate and providing the effect of increasing the catch of the abalone.

Claims (2)

  1. 사각육면체형상의 콘크리트구조물(130)이 구비되고,Square cube-shaped concrete structure 130 is provided,
    상기 콘크리트구조물의 윗면에 사각형상의 개구부(140)가 형성되며, 그 앞면과 뒷면에는 사각형의 다수개의 치패출입구(160)가 형성되고, 양측면에는 사각형의 성패출입구(150)가 형성되는 한편,A rectangular opening 140 is formed on the upper surface of the concrete structure, and a plurality of square entrances and exits 160 are formed on the front and the rear thereof, and the square entrances and exits 150 are formed on both sides.
    상기 콘크리트구조물(130)은 그 내부에 철근이 포함되어 있는 것을 특징으로 하는 전복서식용 인공어초.The concrete structure 130 is overturned artificial reefs, characterized in that the reinforcement is contained therein.
  2. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 콘크리트구조물(130)의 내부공간에 해조류의 착색이 월등한 자연석이 삽입되도록 한 것을 특징으로 하는 전복서식용 인공어초.Overturned artificial reefs, characterized in that the natural stone is superior to the coloring of the seaweed in the interior space of the concrete structure 130.
KR2020000008882U 2000-03-29 2000-03-29 Artificial for abalone breeding reef KR200195043Y1 (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100403923B1 (en) * 2001-07-25 2003-11-07 주식회사 해중 Artificial reef using shells
KR100407103B1 (en) * 2000-12-26 2003-11-28 농업기반공사 The artificial fishing plants utilizing the wasted vinyl resin and stones

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100407103B1 (en) * 2000-12-26 2003-11-28 농업기반공사 The artificial fishing plants utilizing the wasted vinyl resin and stones
KR100403923B1 (en) * 2001-07-25 2003-11-07 주식회사 해중 Artificial reef using shells

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