CN203897036U - Shell reef capable of providing good shadow effect - Google Patents

Shell reef capable of providing good shadow effect Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203897036U
CN203897036U CN201420155590.0U CN201420155590U CN203897036U CN 203897036 U CN203897036 U CN 203897036U CN 201420155590 U CN201420155590 U CN 201420155590U CN 203897036 U CN203897036 U CN 203897036U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
reef
mesh bag
shadow effect
net bag
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420155590.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王莲莲
陈丕茂
黎小国
秦传新
袁华荣
李国迎
李娜
罗虹霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy Fishery Sciences
Original Assignee
South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy Fishery Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy Fishery Sciences filed Critical South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy Fishery Sciences
Priority to CN201420155590.0U priority Critical patent/CN203897036U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203897036U publication Critical patent/CN203897036U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The utility model relates to a shell reef capable of providing a good shadow effect. The shell reef comprises a net bag and four supporting columns, wherein the four supporting columns surround and form a rectangle, the net bag is folded and fixedly arranged at the upper parts of the supporting columns through a connecting body, shells fill the net bag, so that the lower part of the net bag can form a sheltering shadow. The shells are loaded inside the net bag, the net bag is unfolded and fixedly arranged among the supporting columns, the surface area of the shell reef can be greatly increased, the reef body formed by the net bag and the shells forms the shadow and provides a good enemy-avoiding place for marine creatures such as fish, and the bottom space of the reef body is a good inhabiting place for benthos, the fish and the like. Due to the fact that concrete is not added in the reef body, the content of the concrete in the seabed is reduced, so that the change of the pH of water caused by the concrete is reduced, and the survival of the marine creatures is facilitated. The shell reef can be applied in aquaculture.

Description

A kind of shell reef that better shadow effect is provided
Technical field
The utility model relates to aquaculture, particularly relates to a kind of shell reef that better shadow effect is provided.
Background technology
Shell reef is a kind of artificial fish shelter of novel environment friendly, is to load discarded scallop shell to drop into seabed as artificial fish shelter, not only can solve the problem that shell is piled up welding, can also contribute share for the fishery in sea area.The marine shellfish cultivation history of China is very of a specified duration, has the shellfish culture of representative apart from the present, to have the history of more than 2000 year with oyster, and China's mariculture shellfish output in 2012 continues to increase, and reaches 1208.44 ten thousand tons, belongs to the main species of mariculture.Large batch of shell, nontoxic durable again, can suit measures to local conditions to gather materials on the spot according to China's shellfish culture present situation be used, and not only reduces the discharge of pollutant but also can give a favor for ocean.
After fish shelter drops in water, in the scope arriving at light, the surrounding of fish shelter will form optical shadow.Due to the physiological actions such as it is forage, reproduction, escape due to fish itself that so fish can around assemble at fish shelter, imitate and probe into.Fish can select the place of covering to hide when being subject to the threats such as natural enemy, therefore have the fish shelter of good shadow effect will become fish etc. good keep away enemy habitat.
Yet shell reef of the prior art is to be substantially all filled in concrete with discarded shell, afterwards concrete is sunk under water, concrete is used in a large number and can change water body pH on the one hand, affects halobiontic existence, and the shadow volume that concrete shell reef forms is on the other hand also quite limited.
Utility model content
In order to overcome above-mentioned technical problem, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of convenient and simple shell reef, thereby good shadow effect is provided.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
A shell reef for better shadow effect is provided, comprises mesh bag and four support columns, described each support column surrounds rectangle, and described mesh bag launches to be fixed on each support column top by connector, in described mesh bag, is filled with shell, mesh bag below is formed and protect shade.
Further improvement as technique scheme, described connector comprises steel wire rope, described steel wire rope in each support column through end to end and surround rectangular box, described mesh bag colligation or be to hang on steel wire rope and in rectangular box to launch, mesh bag is suspended in water body, obtains larger surface area.
As the further improvement of technique scheme, in the rectangular box that described steel wire rope surrounds, be connected to some sizing separating tubes, described sizing separating tube penetrates in mesh bag and makes mesh bag form some shells separation bags.Each shell is separated bag shell is divided into some heaps, prevents that shell is stacked into together because of Action of Gravity Field.
As the further improvement of technique scheme, the described separating tube of respectively shaping is parallel to each other, and it is identical that each shell is separated bag size, guarantees being uniformly distributed of the interior shell of mesh bag, and the formation effect of shade is better.
As the further improvement of technique scheme, on described mesh bag, be connected to some floats, utilize float to bubble through the water column and tractive mesh bag, alleviate the burden of connector and mesh bag.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: shell of the present utility model is loaded in mesh bag, afterwards mesh bag is launched to be fixed between support column, increased greatly the surface area of shell reef, and the reefs that utilizes mesh bag and shell to form forms shade, for providing, the marine organisms such as fish well keep away enemy place, the bottom space of reefs is the good habitat of benthon, fish etc., because reefs does not add concrete, reduced concrete content in seabed, thereby weaken the change of concrete to water body pH, be more conducive to halobiontic existence.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and embodiments, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is mesh bag vertical view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is mesh bag cutaway view of the present utility model.
Embodiment
The shell reef that better shadow effect is provided as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, consists of mesh bag 1 and support column 2 two parts.The waste and old fishing net of mesh bag 1 use is stitched into the bag shaped structure that specification is 1m * 1m * 0.2m, and the reinforced concrete post that support column 2 is 0.6m * 0.6m * 1.0m by four specifications forms and surrounds rectangle.In every reinforced concrete post, be evenly inlaid with the reinforcing bar that two diameters are 6mm, thereby a steel wire rope 3 passes and the end to end rectangular box that surrounds in each support column 2, this rectangular box is positioned at the top of support column 2.Four limit colligations of mesh bag 1 or be to hang on steel wire rope 3 to make mesh bag 1 launch and tile to be suspended in water body in rectangular box.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, mesh bag 1 packs into and in the place of mesh bag 1 quartile point, penetrates the sizing separating tube 4 that resin makes after shell and shape, sizing separating tube 4 is divided into the essentially identical shell separation of a plurality of volumes bag 5 by mesh bag 1, and the shell that each shell is separated in bag 5 can not be shifted, pile up between bag and bag.Steel wire rope 3 launches shell mesh bag 1 to be fixed on the first half of stone column through stone column.On mesh bag 1, evenly system connects some floats 6, utilizes float 6 to bubble through the water column and tractive mesh bag 1, alleviates the burden of steel wire rope 3 and mesh bag 1.
It is around mangrove forest growing area that shell reef in the present embodiment is thrown in district, utilizes the shadow of mangrove forest and the space structure of reefs, can provide larger breeding, habitat for marine organisms.
The shell reef of the present embodiment belongs to protection type fish shelter, takes into account bait type, has the following advantages:
1, this shell reef structure has increased the usage amount of shell, has further reduced concrete use, and cost is cheaper, has weakened the change of concrete to water body pH simultaneously, is more conducive to halobiontic existence;
2, to select concrete, shell, fishing net, steel wire rope and pitch tube etc. be constituent material to this shell reef structure, expanded the selection space of fish shelter construction material;
3, this shell reef clear in structure, technique is simple, is easy to make and throw in;
4, this shell reef is configured with good shadow effect, can be the marine organisms such as fish provide well keep away enemy place;
5, the vacant bottom space of shell reef is the good habitat of benthon, fish etc.;
6, the water penetration of this shell reef structure is very strong, can make the inside and outside water body of shell reef be changed fully;
7, the surface area of this shell reef structure is very large, and for aufwuch provides the adherance of various material, has met the growth requirement of variety classes biology;
8, this shell reef mesh bag part is divided into four parts with pitch tube, prevents the accumulation that shell forms due to Action of Gravity Field.
The above be the utility model preferred embodiment, it does not form the restriction to the utility model protection domain.

Claims (5)

1. the shell reef that better shadow effect can be provided, it is characterized in that: comprise mesh bag (1) and four support columns (2), described each support column (2) surrounds rectangle, described mesh bag (1) launches to be fixed on each support column (2) top by connector, described mesh bag is filled with shell in (1), mesh bag (1) below is formed and protect shade.
2. the shell reef that better shadow effect is provided according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described connector comprises steel wire rope (3), described steel wire rope (3) from each support column (2) through end to end and surround rectangular box, described mesh bag (1) colligation or be that to hang over steel wire rope (3) upper and launch in rectangular box.
3. the shell reef that better shadow effect is provided according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: in the rectangular box that described steel wire rope (3) surrounds, be connected to some sizing separating tubes (4), described sizing separating tube (4) penetrates in mesh bag (1) and makes mesh bag (1) form some shells separation bags (5).
4. the shell reef that better shadow effect is provided according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the described separating tube (4) of respectively shaping is parallel to each other, and it is identical that each shell is separated bag (5) size.
5. according to the shell reef that better shadow effect is provided described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: on described mesh bag (1), be connected to some floats (6).
CN201420155590.0U 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 Shell reef capable of providing good shadow effect Expired - Fee Related CN203897036U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420155590.0U CN203897036U (en) 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 Shell reef capable of providing good shadow effect

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420155590.0U CN203897036U (en) 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 Shell reef capable of providing good shadow effect

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203897036U true CN203897036U (en) 2014-10-29

Family

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201420155590.0U Expired - Fee Related CN203897036U (en) 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 Shell reef capable of providing good shadow effect

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN203897036U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340795A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-02-24 唐山海洋牧场实业有限公司 Artificial fish reef for recreational fishing
CN105580761A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-05-18 王克秀 Scavenger fish breeding cultivation belt manufactured with clams and manufacturing method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340795A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-02-24 唐山海洋牧场实业有限公司 Artificial fish reef for recreational fishing
CN105580761A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-05-18 王克秀 Scavenger fish breeding cultivation belt manufactured with clams and manufacturing method
CN105580761B (en) * 2015-12-19 2018-04-20 河北柏胜农业开发有限公司 A kind of scavenger fish cultivating band made using freshwater mussel shell and production method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141029

Termination date: 20160401

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee