CN102860272A - Method and device for raising abalones by open-type net cages - Google Patents

Method and device for raising abalones by open-type net cages Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102860272A
CN102860272A CN2012103178810A CN201210317881A CN102860272A CN 102860272 A CN102860272 A CN 102860272A CN 2012103178810 A CN2012103178810 A CN 2012103178810A CN 201210317881 A CN201210317881 A CN 201210317881A CN 102860272 A CN102860272 A CN 102860272A
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China
Prior art keywords
net cage
rope
etting
fish culture
abalone
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CN102860272B (en
Inventor
吴厚敬
李军
王茂岭
李锡显
李永实
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DALIAN ZHANGZIDAO FISHERY GROUP Co Ltd
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DALIAN ZHANGZIDAO FISHERY GROUP Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of aquaculture and technology for raising a precious marine product of abalones, in particular to a method and a device for raising abalones by open-type net cages. By the method and the device, a new mode for raising abalones in southern and northern provinces is realized, and a high-efficient environment-friendly mode for raising abalone-kelp integrated culture is formed. Compared with the conventional suspension cage culture, the small open-type net cage culture has smoother water flow and is more convenient to operate, particularly the phenomenon that the abalones are dehydrated due to lifting feed is avoided, so that the survival and the growth of abalones are benefitted. The raising capacity of one small net cage is close to 20 times that of one suspension cage; and simultaneously, because the small net cage culture is open, pollution to marine environment is avoided, and the device and the method accord with the ecological idea of sea ranching.

Description

Open type net cage abalone breeding method and device
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, relate to the cultural technique of precious marine product abalone, be specifically related to a kind of open type net cage abalone breeding method and device.
Background technology
Abalone is one of famous and precious precious marine product, and fine and tender taste is bright and oiliness; Nutritious, distinguish the flavor of clearly dense, cook, transfer soup, wonderful flavor is infinite.Abalone contains rich in protein, also have the nutritive elements such as more calcium, iron, iodine and vitamin A, abalone is rich in abundant globulin, also contains the composition of a kind of being called as " Bao Su " in the Bao flesh of fish, can the essential metabolite of destruction of cancer cells, abalone is mended and not dry, nourish the liver to improve visual acuity, not only nutritive value is high, and has medical value, being called the abalone of " hat of seafood delights " usually, is exactly one of marine products " eight delicacies " since ancient times.
The abalone culture mode has multiple, and bottom sowing culture (claiming again to accrue) is arranged, and has the raft formula to raise in cages, also has industrial aquaculture and tunnel cultivation etc., the cultivation of pond and industrial aquaculture: need to build water supply, cooling, heating system to reach the cultivating condition such as water temperature, power consumption is large, and disease easily occurs; Also have in recent years the cultivation of caisson formula, although the habitat of Bao is more stable than raft culture, growth result, bait throwing in, management difficulty are larger.The Dalian offshore islands are numerous, and reef stands in great numbers, and have a moderate climate, and bait is abundant, are well suited for abalone and perch and multiply.Here the abalone that produces accounts for 70% of national output.Breeding way mainly adopts small investment, and cost is low, and growth is fast, and high efficiency is easy to manage with the end of promoting and broadcasts propagation and raft culture.But it is very high that end sowing aquaculture requires the sea area substrate, the culturing area restriction; The general aquiculture mesh cage of suspended longline farming adopts flexible combined abalone culture net cage, support the Bao equipment with the in-built plastic basin conduct of mesh bag, perhaps adopt the closed culture net cage of multilayer, forming needs artificial pull-up aquiculture mesh cage to carry out bait throwing in the process, bait is to be shredded, workman's labour intensity is very large, and inefficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of existing abalone suspended longline farming technology, a kind of open type net cage abalone breeding method and device rational in infrastructure are provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:Open type net cage abalone breeding method, step is as follows:
One, selects the marine site
Select marine alga to grow thickly, current are unimpeded, the marine site of the suitable abalone growth conditions of water cleaning.
Two, set up platform raft of cultivation
(1) makes fish culture net cage
Fish culture net cage is shaped as square, and open top arranges permeable hole at the bottom of casing and the case, and lamina affixad is set in the casing, and lamina affixad is detachable.
The lamina affixad embedded groove is set at the bottom of the fish culture net cage case, and wall box arranges the lamina affixad embedded hole; The lamina affixad top tilts in along the fish culture net cage sidewall to casing.
Lamina affixad top and bottom arrange fixed jack, on the corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall corresponding fixed jack groove are set, and the lamina affixad top arranges cover plate, and the fixed jack place at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate top arranges the fixed jack embedded groove.The fish culture net cage wall box along on the cover plate embedded hole is set.
In the breeding process, fixedly fasten in the fixed jack that inserts fish culture net cage and lamina affixad, lamina affixad and cover plate are fixed in the fish culture net cage.
(2) make float and etting
Calculate buoyancy according to conditions such as fish culture net cage size and abalone breeding amounts, design and produce the pincushion float, pincushion float two ends arrange groove, and the etting size is made according to the net cage size, and four load-bearing well rope ropes are arranged on the etting.
(3) set up platform raft of cultivation
Raft is as the two floating well rope that be arranged in parallel, and two floating well ropes lie in respectively in the groove at pincushion float two ends, is provided with floating well rope static line in the pincushion float groove, and the pincushion float is fixed on the floating well rope by floating well rope static line; Floating well rope two ends connect the short wooden stake cable, are connected with spherical float between floating well rope and the short wooden stake cable, namely float the stability of well rope with increase raft body; The short wooden stake cable is fixed under water by anchoring devices such as short wooden stake, cement stone rollers, and the raft district depth of water of setting up platform raft of cultivation is 1:2.5~3 with the length of peg cable ratio, and short wooden stake cable bottom increases the weights such as iron chains or dropstone, guarantees that the short wooden stake cable is in tensioning state, provides buffering stressed.
The spacing of platform raft of cultivation is 4~6 meters; Platform raft of cultivation adopts along current direction and sets up.
(4) be to keep hanging to grow net cage
To cultivate the abalone fry kind and put into fish culture net cage, be to hang load-bearing well rope rope and place in the etting on the fish culture net cage, and load-bearing well rope rope vertically interted etting, and fixing system is hung on the floating well rope, and fish culture net cage is placed between the pincushion float.
Load-bearing well rope rope lies on the floating well rope static line.
Etting mouth place is interspersed network interface rope laterally, and the network interface rope is connected with load-bearing well rope rope, and network interface is because the fixing and stressed formation open type opening of load-bearing well rope rope; Can dual network interface rope be set at etting mouth place with near etting mouth place, when not bait throwing in, make the etting mouth be in closed state, avoid foreign material to enter in etting and the net cage.
Laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope on the etting, windproof well rope rope free end lies in it the raft, as runs into high sea or typhoon, strains windproof well rope rope free end, and etting is tightened up.
2.5~3.5 meters of netting-lengths are advisable; The mesh specification of etting enlarges (climb not go out with abalone and be as the criterion) as far as possible, increases water penetration, reduces resistance.
Three, aquaculture management
In the abalone culture process, when throwing something and feeding bait bait is directly put into unlimited etting opening and get final product, except carrying out the daily managements such as bait throwing in, scrubbing, anti-harmful animal and evacuation density, be also noted that the typhoon protection management, as run into high sea or typhoon, and strain windproof well rope rope, etting is tightened up.
Can overlap between the platform raft of cultivation and support sea-tangle.Parallel or vertically set up Kelp seeding rope and keep hanging sea-tangle between platform raft of cultivation, take full advantage of the cultivation marine site, be convenient to simultaneously to adopt bait nearby.
Realize the device of open type net cage abalone breeding method, namely culture raft frame comprises float, floating well rope, short wooden stake cable, anchor, fish culture net cage and etting; Float is the pincushion float, its two ends arrange groove, and the raft of platform raft of cultivation is as the two floating well rope that be arranged in parallel, and two floating well ropes lie in respectively in the groove at pincushion float two ends, be provided with floating well rope static line in the pincushion float groove, the pincushion float is fixed on the floating well rope by floating well rope static line; Floating well rope two ends connect the short wooden stake cable, the short wooden stake cable is fixed under water by anchoring devices such as short wooden stake, cement stone rollers, and the raft district depth of water of setting up platform raft of cultivation is 1:2.5~3 with the length of peg cable ratio, and short wooden stake cable bottom increases the weights such as iron chains or dropstone, guarantee that the short wooden stake cable is in tensioning state, provide buffering stressed; Fish culture net cage is shaped as square, on the casing He at the bottom of the case permeable hole is set, establish lamina affixad in the casing, lamina affixad is detachable, on the fish culture net cage is to hang load-bearing well rope rope and place in the etting, load-bearing well rope rope vertically interted etting, and fixing system is hung on the floating well rope, and fish culture net cage is placed between the pincushion float, and the network interface rope is laterally interted at etting mouth place, the network interface rope is connected with load-bearing well rope rope, and network interface is because the fixing and stressed formation open type opening of load-bearing well rope rope.
Is connected with spherical float between floating well rope and the short wooden stake cable, namely floats the stability of well rope with increase raft body.
The raft spacing of platform raft of cultivation is 4~6 meters; Platform raft of cultivation adopts along current direction and sets up.
The lamina affixad embedded groove is set at the bottom of the fish culture net cage case, and wall box arranges the lamina affixad embedded hole; The lamina affixad top tilts in along the fish culture net cage sidewall to casing; Lamina affixad top and bottom arrange fixed jack, on the corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall corresponding fixed jack groove is set, the lamina affixad top arranges cover plate, and the fixed jack place at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate top arranges the fixed jack embedded groove, the fish culture net cage wall box along on the cover plate embedded hole is set.In the breeding process, fixedly fasten in the fixed jack that inserts fish culture net cage and lamina affixad, lamina affixad and cover plate are fixed in the fish culture net cage.
Can dual network interface rope be set at etting mouth place with near etting mouth place, when bait not, make the etting mouth be in closed state, avoid foreign material to enter in etting and the net cage.
Laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope on the etting, windproof well rope rope free end lies in it the raft, as runs into high sea or typhoon, strains windproof well rope rope free end, and etting is tightened up.
Netting-length is unsuitable oversize, is advisable for 2.5~3.5 meters; Mesh is selected: the mesh specification of etting enlarges (climb not go out with abalone and be as the criterion) as far as possible, increases water penetration, reduces resistance.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:Success realizes southern and northern abalone culture new model, and forms abalone, the integrated cultivation high-efficiency environment friendly of sea-tangle aquaculture model.Compare with traditional cage type cultivation, open small-sized net cage cultivation current are more penetrating, and it is more convenient to operate, and especially avoided causing the generation of abalone dehydration phenomenon because lifting to throw something and feed, and this is conducive to the survival and growth of abalone more.The cultivation amount of a small-sized net cage is close to 20 times of a cage cultivation amount, simultaneously because the small-sized net cage cultivation for open, so can not cause any pollution to marine environment, meets the Ecological Concept of oceanic pasture.Simultaneously the present invention cultivates with small-sized net cage simple in structure, light flexibly, with low cost, and be easy to scrubbing and remove the harmful animal management, and easy to operate in the breeding process, the typhoon preventing structure design greatly reduces the risk factor of typhoon influence in the breeding process; Lamina affixad is detachable in the fish culture net cage case, is convenient to the transportation of abalone, particularly in the transportation of abalone north and south, saved a large amount of man power and materials, greatly improved operating efficiency, alleviated poultry feeders deficiency and the large situation of labour intensity, limited marine site maximization is used;
In the breeding process, the large-scale fresh and alive marine alga bait such as sea-tangle need not chopping processing and processes, and can directly throw in from the etting opening part that opens wide, not only reduced the bait handling procedure, prolong the freshness date of fresh and alive marine alga bait, and greatly reduce the labour intensity of bait throwing in, improved operating efficiency;
The unenclosed construction design of fish culture net cage, and casing side macrolattice formula permeable hole structure, good water permeability is for abalone provides best growing environment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the vertical view of the embodiment of the invention 1 platform raft of cultivation;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the embodiment of the invention 1 platform raft of cultivation;
Fig. 3 is the windproof state front view of the embodiment of the invention 1 platform raft of cultivation;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of the embodiment of the invention 1 floating pillow;
Fig. 5 is the right view of the embodiment of the invention 1 floating pillow;
Fig. 6 is the vertical view of the embodiment of the invention 1 fish culture net cage, and A is the fish culture net cage vertical view of cover plate, and B is the fish culture net cage vertical view of cover plate and lamina affixad not;
Fig. 7 is the front view of the embodiment of the invention 1 fish culture net cage;
Fig. 8 is the embodiment of the invention 1 fish culture net cage left view;
Fig. 9 is the profile of the embodiment of the invention 1 fish culture net cage A-A;
Among the figure: 1, pincushion float, 2, floating well rope, 3, the short wooden stake cable, 4, anchor, 5, fish culture net cage, 6, etting, 7, spherical float; 51, permeable hole, 52, lamina affixad, 53, lamina affixad embedded hole, 54, the lamina affixad embedded groove, 55, fixed jack, 56, the fixed jack groove, 57, cover plate, 58, the cover plate embedded hole, 59, gim peg; 61, load-bearing well rope rope, 62 network interface ropes, 63, windproof well rope rope.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Implement open type net cage abalone breeding method and device, step is as follows:
One, selects the marine site
Select the depth of water at 12~15 meters, current are unimpeded, the marine site of the suitable abalone growth conditions of water cleaning.
Two, set up platform raft of cultivation
(1) makes fish culture net cage
Such as Fig. 6-shown in Figure 9, fish culture net cage 5 is shaped as irregular square, inverted trapezoidal, fish culture net cage 5 top lengths are respectively 50 centimetres of 55 centimetres of * of 75 centimetres of *, and bottom size is smaller, square permeable hole 51 is set on the casing, circular permeable hole 51 is set at the bottom of the case, establishes lamina affixad 52 in the fish culture net cage 7, lamina affixad 52 is detachable, lamina affixad embedded groove 54 is set at the bottom of the case, and wall box arranges lamina affixad embedded hole 53; Lamina affixad 52 tops tilt in along the fish culture net cage sidewall to casing; Lamina affixad 52 tops and bottom arrange fixed jack 55, on the corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall corresponding fixed jack groove 56 is set, lamina affixad 52 tops arrange cover plate 57, fixed jack 55 places at cover plate 57 corresponding lamina affixads 52 tops arrange the fixed jack embedded groove, fish culture net cage 5 wall box along on cover plate embedded hole 58 is set.
In the breeding process, fixedly fasten 59 and insert in the fixed jack 55 of the fixed jack groove 56 of fish culture net cages 5 and lamina affixad 52, lamina affixad 52 and cover plate 57 are fixed in the fish culture net cage.
(2) make float
Calculate buoyancy according to conditions such as fish culture net cage size and abalone breeding amounts, design and produce pincushion float 1, such as Fig. 4-shown in Figure 5, pincushion float 1 material is PVC (polyvinyl chloride), and the float material is cylindrical PVC (polyvinyl chloride), and length is 80 centimetres, two flute pitch are 60 centimetres, diameter is 20 centimetres, and is solid, and density is 0.14g/cm 3Pincushion float 1 two ends arrange groove, and etting 6 sizes are made according to fish culture net cage 7 sizes, and four load-bearing well rope ropes 61 are arranged on the etting 6.
(3) set up culture raft frame
Such as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 2, raft is as two that be arranged in parallel floating well ropes 2, and floating well rope 2 diameters are 28 millimeters polyethylene rope, and floating well rope 2 lies in respectively in the groove at pincushion float 1 two ends, be provided with floating well rope static line in pincushion float 1 groove, pincushion float 1 is fixed on the floating well rope 2 by floating well rope static line; Floating two ends, well rope 2 two ends connect short wooden stake cable 3, are connected with five black spherical floats 7 between floating well rope 2 and the short wooden stake cable 3, namely float the stability of well rope 2 with increase raft body; Short wooden stake cable 3 usefulness length are fixed under water at 1.1~1.5 meters short wooden stake, the raft district depth of water and short wooden stake cable 3 Length Ratios that set up buoyant raft are 1:2.5~3, mariculture area Hai Shen is about 12~15 meters, therefore, the length of short wooden stake cable 3 is 30~36 meters and is advisable, raft height degree is 80 meters, and short wooden stake cable 3 is 28 millimeters polyethylene ropes of diameter; Short wooden stake cable bottom increases the weights such as iron chains or dropstone, guarantees that short wooden stake cable 3 is in tensioning state, provides buffering stressed.
Platform raft spacing is 4~6 meters; Platform raft of cultivation sets up to adopt along current direction and arranges.
(4) be to keep hanging to grow net cage
Such as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 2,15~20 kilograms of abalone seeds are put into fish culture net cage 7, be the heavy well rope rope 61 of carry on the fish culture net cage 7 and place in the polyethylene etting 6, load-carrying well rope rope 61 vertically interted etting 6, and fixing system is hung on the floating well rope static line on the floating well rope 2, and fish culture net cage 7 is placed between the pincushion float 1; 6 mouthfuls of ettings locate laterally to intert network interface rope 62, and network interface rope 62 is connected with load-bearing well rope rope 61, and 6 mouthfuls of ettings are because the fixing and stressed formation open type openings of load-bearing well rope rope 61; Etting 6 length are unsuitable oversize, are advisable for 2.5~3.5 meters, and the mesh specification of etting 6 enlarges as far as possible, climb not go out with abalone to be as the criterion, and increase water penetration, reduce resistance.
Laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope 63 on etting 6, windproof well rope rope 63 free ends lie in it the raft, as shown in Figure 3, as run into high sea or typhoon, strain windproof well rope rope 63 free ends, and etting 6 is tightened up.
Three, aquaculture management
In the abalone culture process, when throwing something and feeding bait bait is directly put into unlimited etting opening and get final product, except carrying out the daily managements such as bait throwing in, scrubbing, anti-harmful animal and evacuation density, be also noted that the typhoon protection management, as run into high sea or typhoon, and strain windproof well rope rope free end, etting is tightened up.Protection effect is good in the breeding process.
As shown in Figure 1, vertically set up Kelp seeding rope 8 and keep hanging sea-tangle between platform raft of cultivation, the spacing of Kelp seeding rope 8 is 80~100 centimetres, takes full advantage of the cultivation marine site, is convenient to simultaneously adopt bait nearby.

Claims (18)

1. open type net cage abalone breeding method is characterized in that, step is as follows:
One, selects the marine site
Select marine alga to grow thickly, current are unimpeded, the marine site of the suitable abalone growth conditions of water cleaning;
Two, set up suspended longline farming
(1) makes fish culture net cage
Fish culture net cage is shaped as square, and open top arranges permeable hole at the bottom of casing and the case, and lamina affixad is set in the casing, and lamina affixad is detachable;
(2) make float and etting
Calculate buoyancy according to conditions such as fish culture net cage size and abalone breeding amounts, design and produce the pincushion float, pincushion float two ends arrange groove, and the etting size is made according to the net cage size, and four load-bearing well rope ropes are arranged on the etting;
(3) set up platform raft of cultivation
Raft is as the two floating well rope that be arranged in parallel, and two floating well ropes lie in respectively in the groove at pincushion float two ends, is provided with floating well rope static line in the pincushion float groove, and the pincushion float is fixed on the floating well rope by floating well rope static line; Floating well rope two ends connect the short wooden stake cable, and the short wooden stake cable is fixed under water by anchoring device, and the raft district depth of water of setting up platform raft of cultivation is 1:2.5~3 with the length of peg cable ratio;
(4) be to keep hanging to grow net cage
To cultivate the abalone fry kind and put into fish culture net cage, be to hang load-bearing well rope rope and place in the etting on the fish culture net cage, and load-bearing well rope rope vertically interted etting, and fixing system is hung on the floating well rope, and fish culture net cage is placed between the pincushion float; Etting mouth place is interspersed network interface rope laterally, and the network interface rope is connected with load-bearing well rope rope, and network interface is because the fixing and stressed formation open type opening of load-bearing well rope rope;
Three, aquaculture management
In the abalone culture process, when throwing something and feeding bait bait is directly put into unlimited etting opening and get final product, except carrying out the daily managements such as bait throwing in, scrubbing, anti-harmful animal and evacuation density, be also noted that the typhoon protection management.
2. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the lamina affixad top tilts in along the fish culture net cage sidewall to casing, and the lamina affixad embedded groove is set at the bottom of the fish culture net cage case, and wall box arranges the lamina affixad embedded hole.
3. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described lamina affixad top and bottom arrange fixed jack, on the corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall corresponding fixed jack groove is set, the lamina affixad top arranges cover plate, the fixed jack place at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate top arranges the fixed jack embedded groove, fixedly fastens in the fixed jack that inserts fish culture net cage and lamina affixad, and lamina affixad and cover plate are fixed in the fish culture net cage.
4. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 3 is characterized in that, the fish culture net cage wall box along on the cover plate embedded hole is set.
5. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the spacing of described platform raft of cultivation is 4~6 meters, and platform raft of cultivation adopts along current direction and sets up.
6. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is connected with spherical float between the described platform raft of cultivation that sets up, floating well rope and short wooden stake cable, namely floats the stability of well rope with increase raft body.
7. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described system keeps hanging grows in the net cage process, at etting mouth place with near etting mouth place dual network interface rope is set, when not bait throwing in, make the etting mouth be in closed state, avoid foreign material to enter in etting and the net cage.
8. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope on the described etting, windproof well rope rope free end lies in it the raft, run into high sea or typhoon, strain windproof well rope rope free end, etting is tightened up.
9. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described netting-length is 2.5~3.5 meters.
10. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, and is parallel or vertically set up Kelp seeding rope and keep hanging sea-tangle between the described platform raft of cultivation.
11. realize the device of open type net cage abalone breeding method claimed in claim 1, it is open type net cage abalone culture device, its culture raft frame comprises float, floating well rope, the short wooden stake cable, anchor, fish culture net cage and etting, it is characterized in that, float is the pincushion float, its two ends arrange groove, the raft of platform raft of cultivation is as the two floating well rope that be arranged in parallel, two floating well ropes lie in respectively in the groove at pincushion float two ends, be provided with floating well rope static line in the pincushion float groove, the pincushion float is fixed on the floating well rope by floating well rope static line, and floating well rope two ends connect the short wooden stake cable, the short wooden stake cable is fixed under water by anchoring device, and the raft district depth of water of setting up platform raft of cultivation is 1:2.5~3 with the length of peg cable ratio; Fish culture net cage is shaped as square, on the casing He at the bottom of the case permeable hole is set, establish lamina affixad in the casing, lamina affixad is detachable, on the fish culture net cage is to hang load-bearing well rope rope and place in the etting, load-bearing well rope rope vertically interted etting, and fixing system is hung on the floating well rope, and fish culture net cage is placed between the pincushion float, and the network interface rope is laterally interted at etting mouth place, the network interface rope is connected with load-bearing well rope rope, and etting mouth place is because the fixing and stressed formation open type opening of load-bearing well rope rope.
12. open type net cage abalone culture device according to claim 11 is characterized in that, is connected with spherical float between floating well rope and the short wooden stake cable, namely floats the stability of well rope with increase raft body.
13. open type net cage abalone culture device according to claim 11 is characterized in that the spacing of platform raft of cultivation is 4~6 meters, platform raft of cultivation adopts along current direction and sets up.
14. open type net cage abalone culture device according to claim 11 is characterized in that, at the bottom of the described fish culture net cage case lamina affixad embedded groove is set, wall box arranges the lamina affixad embedded hole, and the lamina affixad top tilts in along the fish culture net cage sidewall to casing.
15. according to claim 11 or 14 described open type net cage abalone culture devices, it is characterized in that, described lamina affixad top and bottom arrange fixed jack, on the corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall corresponding fixed jack groove is set, the lamina affixad top arranges cover plate, the fixed jack place at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate top arranges the fixed jack embedded groove, the fish culture net cage wall box along on the cover plate embedded hole is set, fixedly fasten in the fixed jack that inserts fish culture net cage and lamina affixad, lamina affixad and cover plate are fixed in the fish culture net cage.
16. open type net cage abalone culture device according to claim 11 is characterized in that, at etting mouth place with near etting mouth place dual network interface rope is set, and makes the etting mouth be in closed state when bait not, avoids foreign material to enter in etting and the net cage.
17. open type net cage abalone culture device according to claim 11 is characterized in that, laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope on the described etting, windproof well rope rope free end lies in it the raft, as run into high sea or typhoon, and strain windproof well rope rope free end, etting is tightened up.
18. open type net cage abalone culture device according to claim 11 is characterized in that described netting-length is 2.5~3.5 meters.
CN201210317881.0A 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Method and device for raising abalones by open-type net cages Active CN102860272B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104756910A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-07-08 深圳市龙科源水产养殖有限公司 Dual-network three-dimensional cultivating system for abalones and algae and cultivating method thereof
CN109220934A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-01-18 王华桥 The abalone fry cultivation apparatus and method of the high-survival rate broadcast are thrown in natural sea area
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JP2002027861A (en) * 2000-07-14 2002-01-29 Ryoichi Uchisawa Security system with air pipe net for abalone cage culture
CN2452282Y (en) * 2000-12-08 2001-10-10 山东西霞口水产科技开发股份有限公司 Abalone culturing means
JP2005087178A (en) * 2003-09-19 2005-04-07 Ryozo Kakiyama Multistage rearing cage
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CN109561668A (en) * 2016-07-29 2019-04-02 吉诺斯安公司 The device of aquatic cultivated animals at sea
CN109220934A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-01-18 王华桥 The abalone fry cultivation apparatus and method of the high-survival rate broadcast are thrown in natural sea area

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