CN110106895A - A kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection - Google Patents

A kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110106895A
CN110106895A CN201910244091.6A CN201910244091A CN110106895A CN 110106895 A CN110106895 A CN 110106895A CN 201910244091 A CN201910244091 A CN 201910244091A CN 110106895 A CN110106895 A CN 110106895A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
holdfast
plant
coiled
raw coiled
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Granted
Application number
CN201910244091.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110106895B (en
Inventor
李绍才
李付斌
孙海龙
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Sichuan Sanhe Slope Technology Co Ltd
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Sichuan Sanhe Slope Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910244091.6A priority Critical patent/CN110106895B/en
Publication of CN110106895A publication Critical patent/CN110106895A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads

Abstract

The invention discloses the construction methods of a kind of installation method of slope protection device more particularly to a kind of raw coiled material of plant for slope protection.The invention includes the raw coiled material of plant for being covered on slope surface and being used for slope protection, and the raw coiled material of the plant is fixed in slope surface by holdfast, comprising the following steps: A, carries out DATA REASONING to slope surface;B, the position of holdfast is positioned in slope surface;C, holdfast is squeezed into the position of positioning, raw coiled material is planted in covering in slope surface, will be planted raw coiled material and is fixed by holdfast.Slope surface Lithology type is divided into native stone, rock and structures slope surface by the invention, targetedly carries out the reliability that mounting structure design ensures slope protection works.And by the customized production and the supply of material to plant raw coiled material after slope surface progress DATA REASONING, ensures the reliability and economy of slope protection works, avoid waste of material.And tool be simple hand-operated tools, construct it is convenient, speed of application is fast, and construction cost is low.

Description

A kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection
Technical field
The present invention relates to the constructions of a kind of installation method of slope protection device more particularly to a kind of raw coiled material of plant for slope protection Method.
Background technique
The artificial plant ecosystem refers to certain or certain on the basis of the natural or non-natural ecosystem according to the mankind The ecosystem that a little demands construct, participated in and maintained by plant.In general, the building of the artificial plant ecosystem is to pass through structure The equipment of adjusting and controlling growth and cultivation can be carried out to plant to carry out by building.Pland ecosystem on the basis of the non-natural ecosystem System building, the growing environment needed for mainly imitating plant in its natural state using relevant man-made derice, so that plant It can grow within the system and the circulation of system is maintained to operate.
Currently, in terms of plant ecological environment reparation, the existing difficult ecological environment for being suitable for plant growth including building. Since many regions have complicated microhabitat, when repairing the plant ecological environment of the region, constructed plant is raw State environment need to adapt to a variety of and complicated microhabitats.Microhabitat be small scale inhabited for creatures live or the ring of growth and development Border, according to the division different from of its scale of different situations.Specifically for the Karst region for accounting for Chinese national territorial area, your pupil About several meters of the scale in border.The Yu Xiao signature of Yunnan Normal University passes through the your pupil to stone forest national geological parks in its Master's thesis Border is analyzed, and the method for the revegetation suitable for specific microhabitat is proposed, to realize Karst region on the whole Preparation restores.Therefore, the introducing of microhabitat concept is right for how to construct a kind of efficient plant ecological controller or device For the recovery of vegetation or the artificial breeding of vegetation, it is very important.
When building is suitble to the plant ecological controller or device of different microhabitats, it is required that plant is to specific small Habitat has adaptive ability.That is, this ecosystem is conducive to the sprouting and growth of plant, while making plant as early as possible Adapt to locating natural environment.In this respect, those skilled in the art have carried out some positive explorations.Gyeonggi's property of the institution of South Korea The group of pulling together provided in its patent WO 2016/167440 it is a kind of it is based on foamed concrete, for the artificial of plant growth Biological soil gathers materials, which, which gathers materials, can make plant enough to the growth of plant offer under the conditions of no soil Moisture and plant nutrient.CN 106386086A equally also provides the product of moisture needed for plant growth.Although CN 102577872A, CN 102960097A, " slope-protecting plant is in the adaptation Journal of Sex Research in plant coiled material " and " in plant web matrix The research of water-retaining agent dehydration characteristic " further exploration has been carried out, it can get conducive to plant seed germination and grow inside it Device, however device obtained in these researchs is required to that the matrix of soil or Seed Germination and growth is added.According to Common sense, different plant seed germination growths generally require specific soil or its alternative.Therefore, such device is undoubtedly It is difficult to apply in the plant culture work with slope surface microhabitat area, required plant ecological controller can not be constructed.In addition, Due to needing to add soil or as the matrix of soil alternative, the weight of this kind of device is usually larger, large area in use, at This is higher, is difficult to use in slope surface.
In conclusion how to construct, the less dependence soil of one kind or artificial substratum, low cost, labor management is less, is suitable for Various plants growth, the slope protection system for being easy to building and maintenance, are that this field is needed instantly.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve problem above, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of construction methods of raw coiled material of the plant for slope protection.
In order to achieve the goal above, the technical solution adopted by the present invention:
A kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection, the dome plants planting system includes being covered on slope surface simultaneously The raw coiled material of plant for slope protection, the raw coiled material of the plant are fixed in slope surface by holdfast,
The following steps are included:
A carries out DATA REASONING to slope surface;
B positions the position of holdfast in slope surface;
C squeezes into holdfast in the position of positioning, and raw coiled material is planted in covering in slope surface, will plant raw coiled material and is fixed by holdfast.
Preferably, the step A the following steps are included:
A.a measures the geographical coordinate of slope surface, and the geographical coordinate includes height above sea level, longitude and latitude;
A.b judges that the Lithology type of slope surface, the Lithology type include native stoneledge face, rock slope and structures slope surface;
The gradient of A.c measurement slope surface;
A.d judges the shape of slope surface, measures slope surface area and calculates the area for needing to cover the raw coiled material of plant.
Preferably, the step B the following steps are included:
B.a is distributed the more lining ropes perpendicular to horizontal direction along slope surface horizontal direction, between two lining ropes of arbitrary neighborhood Spacing≤60cm;
B.b is measured on the basis of lining rope, along lining rope and is positioned holdfast position.
Preferably, when slope surface is native stoneledge face, the step C the following steps are included:
Holdfast is squeezed into slope surface along the direction perpendicular to slope surface according to the slope surface position of measurement by C.a;
From top of the slope, successively raw coiled material is planted in covering to C.b downwards, and plants raw coiled material using holdfast is fixed.
Preferably, when slope surface be rock slope when, the step C the following steps are included:
C.a is drilled using holdfast position location of the rock drill in slope surface, and hole is cleaned out, and drilling depth >= 500mm, bore diameter >=32mm;
After sand filling slurry is perfused in C.b in the hole drilled out, holdfast is squeezed into 45 minutes;
After C.c squeezes into holdfast, wait solidify to mortar within 3 days;
From top of the slope, successively raw coiled material is planted in covering to C.d downwards, and plants raw coiled material using holdfast is fixed.
Preferably, when slope surface be structures slope surface when, the step C the following steps are included:
C.a is drilled using holdfast position location of the electric hammer in slope surface, and hole is cleaned out, and drilling depth >= 50mm, bore diameter >=8mm;
C.b squeezes into holdfast plug in drilling, and the top of holdfast is flushed with slope surface;
From top of the slope, successively raw coiled material is planted in covering to C.c downwards, and plants raw coiled material using holdfast is fixed.
Preferably, when slope surface be frame supporting and retaining system is installed when, the step C the following steps are included:
Raw coiled material will be planted and be covered on lower portion.
Preferably, in stepb further include sloping surface arrangement, the sloping surface arrangement the following steps are included:
B.c scabbles the slope surface protrusion ground that processing is greater than 15cm;
B.d grouts slope surface of the embedding filling-in greater than 30cm with block stone and cheats filling;
B.e removes the surface dust of slope surface, danger stone, sundries.
Preferably, after the completion of step C, also need carry out engineering maintenance, the engineering maintenance the following steps are included:
It needs that holdfast is installed as requested again when holdfast loosens;
When planting the defects of raw coiled material falls off, tears, breaks, the reason of bringing it about above-mentioned condition should be removed, then weigh Newly installation is fixed as required plants raw coiled material;
When pest and disease damage occurs in plant, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out;
When extreme hazardous condition occurs, diaster prevention and control is carried out.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1, the present invention in, by slope surface carry out DATA REASONING after, according to the geographical coordinate of slope surface, Lithology type, the gradient, The shape of slope surface carries out the customized production and the supply of material of planting raw coiled material, ensures the reliability and economy of slope protection works, avoids material Waste.
2, in the present invention, slope surface Lithology type is divided into native stone, rock and structures slope surface, targetedly carries out installation structure Design is made, ensures the reliability of slope protection works.
3, in the present invention, the tool used is simple hand-operated tools, and it is convenient to construct, and speed of application is fast, construction cost It is low.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that slope surface of the present invention is native stoneledge face, rock slope and structures slope surface;
Fig. 2 is the cross-section diagram in Fig. 1 of the present invention;
The holdfast schematic diagram that Fig. 3, which is slope surface of the present invention, to be used when being native stoneledge face;
The holdfast schematic diagram that Fig. 4, which is slope surface of the present invention, to be used when being rock slope;
The holdfast schematic diagram that Fig. 5, which is slope surface of the present invention, to be used when being structures slope surface;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram that frame supporting and retaining system is equipped in slope surface of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the cross-section diagram in Fig. 6 of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is a kind of structural schematic diagram that the present invention plants raw coiled material;
Fig. 9 is a moisture control unit schematic diagram in A-A cross-sectional view in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is a moisture control unit schematic diagram in B-B cross-sectional view in Fig. 8;
Figure 11 is another structural schematic diagram that raw coiled material is planted in the present invention;
Figure 12 is a moisture control unit schematic diagram in C-C cross-sectional view in Figure 11;
Figure 13 is a moisture control unit schematic diagram in D-D cross-sectional view in Figure 11;
In figure: 01, planting raw coiled material;02, holdfast;021, anchor cap;022, anchor button I;023, anchors;024, anchor head;025, anchor Nail rod body;026, holdfast hole I;027, mortar;02-1, anchor cone;02-2, anchor button II;02-3, holdfast hole II;02-4, male cone;03, Slope surface;04, frame supporting and retaining system;041, cruciform bracing;042, frame vertical beam;043, frame drainage hole;1, water temperature layer;1-1, enter seepage hole Ⅰ;1-2, germinal aperature I;2, barrier layer is evaporated;2-1, enter seepage hole II;2-2, germinal aperature II;2-3, water supply hole;3, for water layer;4, water Bag layer;4-1, hole I of taking root;4-2, lower seepage hole I;4-3, enter seepage hole III;5, water guide layer;5-1, hole II of taking root;5-2, lower seepage hole II; 5-3, enter seepage hole IV;6, enhance net;7, enhance band;8, water stream channel supports floating-point;9, water storage bag;10, layer rhizogenous;11, matrix Particle;12, seed grain;13, moisture control layer;14, permeable layer;15, water blocking layer;15-1, hole III of taking root;16, moisture barrier Dam.
Specific embodiment
To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention is made into one with reference to the accompanying drawing Step illustrates.In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " on ", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "bottom", "inner", "outside" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to just In description the present invention and simplify description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with Specific orientation construction and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1,2,03 plant planting system of slope surface Including being covered on slope surface 03 and for the raw coiled material 01 of the plant of slope protection, the raw coiled material 01 of the plant is fixed on slope surface 03 by holdfast 02 On,
The following steps are included:
A carries out DATA REASONING to slope surface 03;
B positions the position of holdfast 02 in slope surface 03;
C squeezes into holdfast 02 in the position of positioning, and raw coiled material 01 is planted in covering in slope surface 03, will plant raw coiled material 01 and passes through holdfast 02 is fixed.
The step A the following steps are included:
A.a measures the geographical coordinate of slope surface 03, and the geographical coordinate includes height above sea level, longitude and latitude;
A.b judges that the Lithology type of slope surface 03, the Lithology type include native stoneledge face, rock slope and structures slope Face;
The gradient of A.c measurement slope surface 03;
A.d judges the shape of slope surface 03, and measurement measurement 03 area of slope surface simultaneously calculates the area for needing to cover the raw coiled material 01 of plant.
The step B the following steps are included:
B.a is distributed the more lining ropes perpendicular to horizontal direction along 03 horizontal direction of slope surface, two lining ropes of arbitrary neighborhood it Between spacing≤60cm;
B.b is measured on the basis of lining rope, along lining rope and is positioned 02 position of holdfast.
In stepb further include that slope surface 03 arranges, the slope surface 03 arrange the following steps are included:
B.c scabbles the raised ground of slope surface 03 of the processing greater than 15cm;
B.d grouts slope surface 03 of the embedding filling-in greater than 30cm with block stone and cheats filling;
B.e removes the surface dust of slope surface 03, danger stone, sundries.
After the completion of step C, also need carry out engineering maintenance, the engineering maintenance the following steps are included:
Need again safety requirements that holdfast 02 is installed when holdfast 02 loosens;
When planting the defects of raw coiled material 01 falls off, tears, breaks, the reason of bringing it about above-mentioned condition should be removed, Installation is fixed as required again again plants raw coiled material 01;
When pest and disease damage occurs in plant, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out;
When extreme hazardous condition occurs, diaster prevention and control is carried out.
Embodiment two
The embodiment is based on embodiment one, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1-3, when slope surface 03 is native stoneledge face 03, and the step C packet Include following steps:
Holdfast 02 is squeezed into slope surface 03 along the direction perpendicular to slope surface 03 according to 03 position of slope surface of measurement by C.a;
From top of the slope, successively raw coiled material 01 is planted in covering to C.b downwards, and plants raw coiled material 01 using holdfast 02 is fixed;
Specific as follows, the holdfast 02 buckles I 022, anchors 023, anchor head 024 and the holdfast body of rod 025 including anchor cap 021, anchor;
Anchor cap 021 is socketed in 024 upper end of anchor head and is located at anchor cap by being threadably mounted at 024 upper end of anchor head, anchor button I 022 021 lower end, anchors 023 and anchor head 024 are structure as a whole, and anchors 023 is located at I 022 lower end of anchor button, and 024 top of anchor head is equipped with point End, bottom end are fixed in the holdfast body of rod 025, and the holdfast body of rod 025 is pipe structure, and 025 bottom end of the holdfast body of rod is equipped with tip;
Holdfast 02, which passes through, plants raw coiled material 01, is inserted perpendicularly into native stoneledge face 03, plants raw coiled material 01 and is located at anchor button I 022 and anchor Between piece 023;Holdfast 02 is 50-150cm along the arrangement spacing of 03 length direction of slope surface, along the arrangement spacing of 03 width direction of slope surface For 50-300cm.
In the present embodiment, slope surface 03 is native stoneledge face, and native stoneledge face includes soil property slope surface, land pebble slope surface, rubble slight slope Face, native horsestone slope surface etc..When installation, by the way that the holdfast body of rod 025 is inserted into native stoneledge face, the fixed holdfast body of rod 025 and anchor head 024, I 022 then are buckled with anchor cap 021 and anchor, and the raw coiled material 01 of plant is fixed on anchor head 024.During installation, holdfast anchors resistance to plucking Power is not less than 1KN, plants the pressure that raw coiled material 01 applies for I 022 pairs of anchor button and is not less than 1KN.
Embodiment three
The embodiment is based on embodiment one, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1,2,4, when slope surface 03 is rock slope 03, and the step C The following steps are included:
C.a is drilled using 02 position location of holdfast of the rock drill in slope surface 03, and hole is cleaned out, and drilling is deep Degree >=500mm, bore diameter >=32mm;
After sand filling slurry 027 is perfused in C.b in the hole drilled out, holdfast 02 is squeezed into 45 minutes.
After C.c squeezes into holdfast 02, wait solidify to mortar 027 within 3 days;
From top of the slope, successively raw coiled material 01 is planted in covering to C.d downwards, and plants raw coiled material 01 using holdfast 02 is fixed.
Specific as follows, the holdfast 02 buckles I 022, anchors 023, anchor head 024 and the holdfast body of rod 025 including anchor cap 021, anchor;
Anchor cap 021 is socketed in 024 upper end of anchor head and is located at anchor cap by being threadably mounted at 024 upper end of anchor head, anchor button I 022 021 lower end, anchors 023 and anchor head 024 are structure as a whole, and anchors 023 is located at I 022 lower end of anchor button, and 024 top of anchor head is equipped with point End, bottom end are fixed in the holdfast body of rod 025, and the holdfast body of rod 025 is pipe structure, and 025 bottom end of the holdfast body of rod is equipped with tip;
Rock slope is equipped with the holdfast hole I 026 vertical with rock slope, is filled with mortar 027 in holdfast hole I 026;Holdfast 02 passes through the raw coiled material 01 of plant, is inserted perpendicularly into the mortar 027 in holdfast hole I 026, plants raw coiled material 01 and is located at anchor button I 022 and anchors Between 023;Holdfast 02 is 50-150cm along the arrangement spacing of 03 length direction of slope surface, and the arrangement spacing along 03 width direction of slope surface is 50-300cm, the depth in holdfast hole I 026 are 30-80cm, diameter 20-50cm.
In the present embodiment, slope surface 03 is rock slope, and rock slope includes the slope of rock mass etc. of hard rock, soft rockmass.Peace When dress, holdfast hole I 026 is drilled through in rock slope first, and mortar 027 is poured into holdfast hole I 026, then by the holdfast body of rod 025 It is inserted into mortar 027, the fixed holdfast body of rod 025 and anchor head 024, finally buckles I 022 with anchor cap 021 and anchor and consolidate the raw coiled material 01 of plant It is scheduled on anchor head 024.When installation, holdfast 02 anchors withdrawal resistance and is not less than 1KN, and I 022 pairs of anchor button are planted the pressure that raw coiled material 01 applies Not less than 1KN.
Example IV
The embodiment is based on embodiment one, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1,2,5, when slope surface 03 is structures slope surface 03, and the step Rapid C the following steps are included:
C.a is drilled using 02 position location of holdfast of the electric hammer in slope surface 03, and hole is cleaned out, drilling depth >=50mm, bore diameter >=8mm;
C.b squeezes into the plug of holdfast 02 in drilling, and the top of holdfast 02 is flushed with slope surface 03;
From top of the slope, successively raw coiled material 01 is planted in covering to C.c downwards, and plants raw coiled material 01 using holdfast 02 is fixed.
Specific as follows, the holdfast 02 includes II 02-2 of anchor cone 02-1 and anchor button;Anchor cone 02-1 include upper end cone-plate and The cone bar of lower end, cone bar bottom end are equipped with tip, and II 02-2 of anchor button is set on cone bar.
Structures slope surface is equipped with holdfast hole II 02-3 vertical with structures slope surface, is equipped with male cone in II 02-3 of holdfast hole 02-4, the anchor cone 02-1 of holdfast 02, which are passed through, plants raw coiled material 01, is inserted perpendicularly into male cone 02-4, plants raw coiled material 01 and is located at anchor button II The lower end 02-2;Holdfast 02 is 50-150cm along the arrangement spacing of 03 length direction of slope surface, between the arrangement of 03 width direction of slope surface It is 40-150cm, diameter 6-15cm away from the depth for 50-300cm, II 02-3 of holdfast hole.
In the present embodiment, slope surface 03 is structures slope surface, and structures slope surface includes concrete, mortar flag stone, complete basement rock Deng slope surface, retaining wall, building etc..When installation, II 02-3 of holdfast hole is drilled through in structures slope surface, and in II 02-3 of holdfast hole Interior insertion male cone 02-4, then the anchor cone 02-1 for being installed with II 02-2 of anchor button is passed through and plants raw coiled material 01, male cone is inserted into cone bar bottom end In 02-4, raw coiled material 01 is planted with fixed.When installation, holdfast 02 anchors withdrawal resistance and is not less than 1KN, and II 02-2 of anchor button is to the raw coiled material of plant 01 pressure applied is not less than 1KN.
Embodiment five
When slope surface 03 be frame supporting and retaining system 04 is installed when, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1,2,6,7, the step C the following steps are included:
Raw coiled material 01 will be planted and be covered on lower portion.
It is specific as follows, frame supporting and retaining system 04 is installed, frame supporting and retaining system 04 includes the frame branch of multiple square structures in slope surface 03 Keep off unit, frame supporting and retaining system unit include cruciform bracing 041, frame vertical beam 042 and setting be connected on cruciform bracing 041 it is adjacent The frame drainage hole 043 of two frame supporting and retaining system units;Holdfast 02, which passes through, plants raw coiled material 01, will plant raw coiled material 01 and is fixedly mounted on often In a frame supporting and retaining system unit.
In the present embodiment, slope surface is equipped with frame supporting and retaining system 04, and slope surface does not need generally to carry out concrete facing or other again Mask processing, frame construction pass through the installation of holdfast 02 after the completion and plant raw coiled material 01, will plant life coiled material 01 and be fixedly mounted on each frame In frame supporting and retaining system unit, rainfall is from the frame supporting and retaining system unit that the frame drainage hole 043 of upper frame supporting and retaining system unit enters lower end.
It is worth noting that, it should be noted that claimed below in installation process:
Holdfast 02 should be vertical with slope surface 03, and tilt angle is unable to 5 ° of >;
Anchor hole should be vertical with slope surface 03, and tilt angle is unable to 5 ° of >;
02 spacing 60cm × 140cm of holdfast, and should be vertical with slope surface 03;
It plants section when raw coiled material 01 is cut and answers neat non-notch;
Straight non-wrinkled, the patch tension of slope surface 03 is answered in the installation for planting raw coiled material 01;
Plant raw coiled material 01 cut, stacks place answer it is smooth completely;
It plants raw 01 transverse lap length of coiled material and is not preferably less than 20cm;
Gap is not more than 5cm between planting the longitudinal width of raw coiled material 01;
Summer temperature is higher than 30 DEG C and constructs, and need to be covered 2 months with the sunshade net of sunshade rate 50%;
Temperature should not construct when being lower than 12 DEG C;
The raw storage of coiled material 01 is planted it should be noted that waterproof, moisture-proof;
It is more than 12 months raw coiled materials 01 of plant that the resting period, which cannot be used,;
Two kinds of structures for planting raw coiled material 01 are given below:
Structure 1
The raw coiled material 01 of a plant is spliced by multiple inclined moisture control units as seen in figs. 8-10;
Moisture control unit includes the water temperature layer 1 set gradually from outside to inside, evaporation barrier layer 2, for water layer 3, water bag layer 4, water guide layer 5, enhancing net 6, are connected between each layer by the compound mode of hot weld and are combined with each other, and,
The enhancing band 7 of fixed water temperature layer 1 and enhancing 6 both ends of net,
The water stream channel of water stream channel supports floating-point 8 between part water temperature layer 1 and evaporation barrier layer 2 in support,
Lower part water temperature layer 1 is set and evaporates the water storage bag 9 between barrier layer 2,
Layer rhizogenous 10 between upper part water supply layer 3 and water bag layer 4 is set,
For the matrix granule 11 and seed grain 12 filled between water layer 3 and layer rhizogenous 10,
Moisture control layer 13 between layer rhizogenous 10 and water bag layer 4 is set, and moisture control layer 13 is by degradable waterproof Material is made, and degradation time is 1-3, for example, modified starch base polyethylene film.
Preferably, it is partially respectively arranged on water temperature layer 1 and evaporation barrier layer 2 into I 1-1 of seepage hole and entering II 2-1 of seepage hole, with And II 2-2 of I 1-2 of germinal aperature and germinal aperature being mutually aligned, enter I 1-1 of seepage hole be provided with along slope direction it is multiple;Evaporate barrier layer 2 ends offer connection water storage bag 9 and the water supply hole 2-3 for water layer 3;Life is partially respectively arranged on water bag layer 4 and water guide layer 5 It I 4-1 of root hole and takes root II 5-1 of hole, part is respectively arranged with close to 9 end of water storage bag on water bag layer 4 and water guide layer 5 is mutually aligned Lower I 4-2 of seepage hole and lower II 5-2 of seepage hole, moisture control layer 13 are covered on lower I upper end 4-2 of seepage hole.
Preferably, water temperature layer 1, evaporation barrier layer 2, water bag layer 4 and water guide layer 5 are waterproof, opaque, anti-aging Thin-film material, such as PVDF laminated film, foil laminated film;It is made for water layer 3 of water-absorbing material, such as water imbibition cloth, nothing The materials such as woven fabric, cordage;Enhancing net 6 and enhancing band 7 are made of high-intensitive and anti-aging material, as glass fiber mesh, The materials such as cloth;Layer rhizogenous 10 is made of burlap, vegetable fiber blanket, rock wool blanket and/or nonwoven cloth material;Matrix granule 11 is by fertilizer Material, fungicide, plant growth regulator, disease and pest control agent and/or organic matter Material cladding form;It is wrapped inside seed grain 12 Include seed, fungicide, plant growth regulator and disease and pest control agent.
Structure 2
The raw coiled material 01 of a plant is spliced by multiple inclined moisture control units as figs 11-13;
Moisture control unit includes the water temperature layer 1 set gradually from outside to inside, evaporation barrier layer 2, for water layer 3, water bag layer 4, water guide layer 5, permeable layer 14, water blocking layer 15, enhancing net 6, are connected between each layer by the compound mode of hot weld and are combined with each other, And
The enhancing band 7 of fixed water temperature layer 1 and enhancing 6 both ends of net,
The water stream channel of water stream channel supports floating-point 8 between part water temperature layer 1 and evaporation barrier layer 2 in support,
Lower part water temperature layer 1 is set and evaporates the water storage bag 9 between barrier layer 2,
Layer rhizogenous 10 between upper part water supply layer 3 and water bag layer 4 is set,
For the matrix granule 11 and seed grain 12 filled between water layer 3 and layer rhizogenous 10,
Moisture barrier dam 16 between water guide layer 5 and water blocking layer 15 is set.
Preferably, it is partially respectively arranged on water temperature layer 1 and evaporation barrier layer 2 into I 1-1 of seepage hole and entering II 2-1 of seepage hole, with And II 2-2 of I 1-2 of germinal aperature and germinal aperature being mutually aligned, enter I 1-1 of seepage hole be provided with along slope direction it is multiple;Evaporate barrier layer 2 ends offer connection water storage bag 9 and the water supply hole 2-3 for water layer 3;Partially divide on water bag layer 4, water guide layer 5 and water blocking layer 15 It is not provided with I 4-1 of hole of taking root, II 5-1 of hole and III 15-1 of hole of taking root of taking root, part is close to water storage bag on water bag layer 4 and water guide layer 5 9 ends are respectively arranged with I 4-2 of lower seepage hole being mutually aligned and lower II 5-2 of seepage hole;It is set respectively on the water bag layer 4 and water guide layer 5 on top Be equipped be mutually aligned enter III 4-3 of seepage hole and enter IV 5-3 of seepage hole, moisture barrier dam 16 is close to entering IV 5-3 of seepage hole.
Preferably, water temperature layer 1, evaporation barrier layer 2, water bag layer 4, water guide layer 5 and water blocking layer 15 are waterproof, impermeable Light, anti-aging thin-film material, such as PVDF laminated film, foil laminated film;It is made for water layer 3 of water-absorbing material, such as inhales The materials such as aqueous cloth, non-woven fabrics, cordage;Enhancing net 6 and enhancing band 7 are made of high-intensitive and anti-aging material, such as The materials such as glass fiber mesh, cloth;Layer rhizogenous 10 is made of burlap, vegetable fiber blanket, rock wool blanket and/or nonwoven cloth material;Matrix Particle 11 is formed by fertilizer, fungicide, plant growth regulator, disease and pest control agent and/or organic matter Material cladding, seed 12 inside of grain includes seed, fungicide, plant growth regulator and disease and pest control agent;Permeable layer 14 by web, cloth and/ Or fibrous blanket material is made;Moisture barrier dam 16 is made up of hot weld or coating gluing water guide layer 5 and permeable layer 14.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection, it is characterised in that: slope surface (03) the plant planting system packet Plant life coiled material (01) for being covered on slope surface (03) and being used for slope protection is included, the plant raw coiled material (01) is fixed on slope by holdfast (02) On face (03),
The following steps are included:
A carries out DATA REASONING to slope surface (03);
B positions the position of holdfast (02) on slope surface (03);
C squeezes into holdfast (02) in the position of positioning, and raw coiled material (01) is planted in covering on slope surface (03), will plant raw coiled material (01) and passes through Holdfast (02) is fixed.
2. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step A the following steps are included:
A.a measures the geographical coordinate of slope surface (03), and the geographical coordinate includes height above sea level, longitude and latitude;
A.b judges that the Lithology type of slope surface (03), the Lithology type include native stoneledge face, rock slope and structures slope surface;
A.c measures the gradient of slope surface (03);
A.d judges the shape of slope surface (03), measures slope surface (03) area and calculates the area for needing to cover plant raw coiled material (01).
3. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step B the following steps are included:
B.a is distributed the more lining ropes perpendicular to horizontal direction along slope surface (03) horizontal direction, between two lining ropes of arbitrary neighborhood Spacing≤60cm;
B.b is measured on the basis of lining rope, along lining rope and is positioned holdfast (02) position.
4. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: work as slope surface (03) for native stoneledge face (03) when, the step C the following steps are included:
Holdfast (02) is squeezed into slope surface (03) along the direction perpendicular to slope surface (03) according to slope surface (03) position of measurement by C.a;
C.b from top of the slope, successively plant raw coiled material (01) downwards by covering, and plants raw coiled material (01) using holdfast (02) is fixed.
5. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: work as slope surface (03) be rock slope when, the step C the following steps are included:
C.a is drilled using holdfast (02) position location of rock drill on slope surface (03), and hole is cleaned out, and drilling is deep Degree >=500mm, bore diameter >=32mm;
After sand filling slurry (027) is perfused in C.b in the hole drilled out, and holdfast is squeezed into 45 minutes after perfusion mortar (027) (02);
After C.c squeezes into holdfast (02), wait solidify to mortar (027) within 3 days;
C.d from top of the slope, successively plant raw coiled material (01) downwards by covering, and plants raw coiled material (01) using holdfast (02) is fixed.
6. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: work as slope surface (03) be structures slope surface when, the step C the following steps are included:
C.a is drilled using holdfast (02) position location of electric hammer on slope surface (03), and hole is cleaned out, drilling depth >=50mm, bore diameter >=8mm;
C.b squeezes into holdfast (02) plug in drilling, and the top of holdfast (02) is flushed with slope surface (03);
C.c from top of the slope, successively plant raw coiled material (01) downwards by covering, and plants raw coiled material (01) using holdfast (02) is fixed.
7. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: work as slope surface (03) for frame supporting and retaining system (04) is installed when, the step C the following steps are included:
Raw coiled material (01) will be planted and be covered on lower portion.
8. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step B In further include that slope surface (03) arranges, the slope surface (03) arrange the following steps are included:
B.c scabbles the raised ground of slope surface (03) of the processing greater than 15cm;
B.d grouts slope surface (03) of the embedding filling-in greater than 30cm with block stone and cheats filling;
B.e removes the surface dust of slope surface (03), danger stone, sundries.
9. a kind of construction method of the raw coiled material of plant for slope protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step C After the completion, also need carry out engineering maintenance, the engineering maintenance the following steps are included:
It needs that holdfast (02) is installed as requested again when holdfast (02) loosens;
When planting the defects of raw coiled material (01) falls off, tears, breaks, the reason of bringing it about above-mentioned condition should be removed, then weigh Newly installation is fixed as required plants raw coiled material (01);
When pest and disease damage occurs in plant, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out;
When extreme hazardous condition occurs, diaster prevention and control is carried out.
CN201910244091.6A 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Construction method of vegetation coiled material for slope protection Active CN110106895B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20080096629A (en) * 2007-04-28 2008-10-31 주식회사 오륙개발 Puzzle type block reinforcement method
CN104314087A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-28 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 Slope greening protective structure and construction method thereof
CN104947693A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-09-30 四川大学 Method for restoring vegetation on high and steep slopes by aid of coiled plant materials
CN107574828A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-12 深圳市东华园林股份有限公司 A kind of domatic irregular high precipitous rock slope ecological restoring method and application
CN108914951A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-30 青海碧城生态环境科技有限公司 A kind of construction method based on fish-scale pit shape slope protection coiled material
CN109024634A (en) * 2018-09-27 2018-12-18 中交公局海威工程建设有限公司 Ecological Slope safeguard structure, guard system and Ecological Slope construction method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20080096629A (en) * 2007-04-28 2008-10-31 주식회사 오륙개발 Puzzle type block reinforcement method
CN104314087A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-28 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 Slope greening protective structure and construction method thereof
CN104947693A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-09-30 四川大学 Method for restoring vegetation on high and steep slopes by aid of coiled plant materials
CN107574828A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-12 深圳市东华园林股份有限公司 A kind of domatic irregular high precipitous rock slope ecological restoring method and application
CN108914951A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-30 青海碧城生态环境科技有限公司 A kind of construction method based on fish-scale pit shape slope protection coiled material
CN109024634A (en) * 2018-09-27 2018-12-18 中交公局海威工程建设有限公司 Ecological Slope safeguard structure, guard system and Ecological Slope construction method

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