CN109853266A - A kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value - Google Patents

A kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109853266A
CN109853266A CN201910163690.5A CN201910163690A CN109853266A CN 109853266 A CN109853266 A CN 109853266A CN 201910163690 A CN201910163690 A CN 201910163690A CN 109853266 A CN109853266 A CN 109853266A
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dyeing
fabric
cylinder
dye
value
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施鹤鸣
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ZHEJIANG HANGMIN STOCK CO Ltd
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ZHEJIANG HANGMIN STOCK CO Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention is a kind of dyeing method, in particular to a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value, is suitable for used additives 2037 when overflow dyeing machine disperse dyeing and replaces glacial acetic acid, makes the production technology that dye liquor pH value is stable.Sequentially include the following steps: choose the selection of sample cloth → dye material → technical flow design → singe → desizing of machine cylinder, disperse dyes dye wash formula and dyeing, Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes formula and dyeing setting → machine cylinder desizing, dispersion dyeing, vital staining, soap → drying and shaping → singe → oil sizing → final finishing calendering → final finishing tank steaming → product inspection.The consumption of dyeing water can be greatly reduced in the pH value (4.95-5.05) that can be effectively controlled cloth cover, improve production capacity, and effects of energy saving and emission reduction is obvious, and improves the correctness and reproducibility of color, can meet the requirement of different clients in index etc. in various quality.

Description

A kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of dyeing method, in particular to a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value, is fitted Used additives 2037 replace glacial acetic acid when for overflow dyeing machine disperse dyeing, make the production technology that dye liquor pH value is stable.
Background technique
Disperse dyes high temperature and pressure contaminates terylene, and Value in Dyeing Process should be controlled in faintly acid.In process of production, ice is generally used Acetic acid is adjusted, and makes pH value control between 4.5-5.5;But in reality production, to the control of pH there is two be easy it is ignored But particularly significant problem, the i.e. accuracy and stability of Value in Dyeing Process.
In dyeing course, acid and alkali substance can be brought into there are many factor, to make Value in Dyeing Process send out in dyeing course It is raw to change.Such as:
Dyeing water might not be in neutrality;After heated, cooling, pH value is got higher;
Semi-products (especially containing cotton, viscous product, by alkali desizing or mercerizing process etc. before dyeing) to be contaminated usually band alkali;
The variation of pH value etc. of disperse dyes itself.
Glacial acetic acid is volatile, and it is poor to adjust Value in Dyeing Process stability with it;Dye bath pH value before heated may be adjusted to 4.5-5.5 Between, and heat through dyeing, after cooling, dye liquor breaks through the processing range of pH=4.5-5.5;As it can be seen that being set up before dyeing PH value, and not equal to the actual pH of dye bath in dyeing course.
Summary of the invention
The present invention mainly solves the deficiencies in the prior art, and providing a kind of can be effectively controlled disperse dyes dye baths PH value reduces the artificial unstability for adjusting pH value, reduces a kind of TR fabric stability dispersion dye of the cylinder difference of disperse dyeing The production technology of color pH value.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the invention is mainly to be addressed by following technical proposals:
A kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value, sequentially includes the following steps:
(1), sample cloth is chosen:
The T/R fabric sample cloth that a coupe degree is 80 meters or so is chosen, openpore door width 160cm, grammes per square metre 200g/ ㎡ contaminate navy;
The woven that T/R product is generally made of 65% polyester fiber and 35% viscous fiber;
(2), the selection of material is contaminated:
The selection of disperse dyes:
Disperse dyes can be divided into three classes:
(1), high temperature modification, S type: this kind of dye sublimation fastness is preferable, poor diffusivity;
(2), low form, E type: this kind of dye sublimation fastness is poor, and diffusivity is good, is suitble to exhaustion method dyeing, there is preferable level dyeing Property;
(3), middle warm type, SE type: the kind between both the above;
A) to keep T/R fabrics cloth cover bright and clean, will generally singe processing after dye, and drying and shaping is wanted before singing, keeps cloth cover smooth, Since setting temperature is higher, the preferable high temperature modification of heat sublimation fastness, S type dye are selected;
B) dyestuff that select dye uptake, colouring speed close, it is preferred to use three-primary colours;
The selection of auxiliary agent:
Adjust disperse dyes Value in Dyeing Process auxiliary agent:
Disperse dyes are weak acid dye, generally adjust pH value with glacial acetic acid, since glacial acetic acid is volatile, especially at high temperature, It is easier to play, makes dye liquor partial neutral or meta-alkalescence, influence disperse dyes colouring;Even if be added buffer, also because dosage how much, pH Value is varied;Select the auxiliary agent smaller in range using the pH stable in energy dye bath;
Reactive dyeing auxiliary agent:
A) anhydrous sodium sulphate: due to the difference of the manufacturer of anhydrous sodium sulphate, the content of sodium sulphate is also different in anhydrous sodium sulphate;It selects Na2SO4 content is 97% or more, and pH value wants neutral or slightly biased alkali, can not meta-acid;Chloride ion cannot be contained, chloride ion is to stainless Steel dyeing machine cylinder has stronger corrosivity;
B) color fixing agent: the color-fixing method of reactive dye generally has pure alternative alkaline process, substitute alkali to add Method of Soda and three kinds of hjolomorphism alkaline process; Use soda ash for the color fixing agent of reactive dyeing process, to the pH value of dye bath, fiber color is more stable;Soda ash is generally wanted Ask Na2CO3 content 90% or more;
(3) technical flow design:
Cloth → singe → machine cylinder alkali desizing → dyeing → dehydration → open-width → drying and shaping → is turned over to singe → oil sizing → calendering → tank steams → examines yardstick;
(4) it singes:
It respectively burns primary method using Jiangsu Taizhou natural gas gassing frame front and back sides to singe to fabric, singeing: natural Throughput 14, speed 120m/min;
(5), the desizing of machine cylinder, disperse dyes dye wash formula and dyeing, Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes formula and dyeing setting:
Machine cylinder desizing formula and technique:
36 ° of B é liquid alkaline: 20g/L
Detergent: 1 g/L
Technique: 130 DEG C × 30min;
Disperse dyeing of polyester formula (o.w.f):
200%SE-3BG is dark blue: 1.36%
200%SE-3RLN orange: 0.4%
100%S-5BL carbuncle: 0.16%
Se Lejia 2037:1 g/L(pH value is 4.95-5.05)
Disperse dyeing of polyester dyeing: 135 DEG C × 40min;
Reactive dye contaminate viscose glue formula (o.w.f):
100%NRR is dark blue: 1.7%
150%3RS is yellow: 0.56%
150%3BS is red: 0.146%
Anhydrous sodium sulphate: 44g/L
Soda ash: 20g/L
Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes technique: 60 DEG C × 70min;
It soaps after vital staining formula:
Soaping agent SW:0.4g/L
Glacial acetic acid: 0.2g/L
It soaps technique: 75 DEG C × 10min.
(6), the desizing of machine cylinder, dispersion dyeing, vital staining, soap:
Using the military essence sample overflow dyeing machine dyeing in Taiwan east, dying operation work presses dyeing recipe and fabric the weight core at accounting Dye material is calculated, by regulationization good colourant, material uniformly exists without suspended particulate dyestuff;
Production procedure is dyed, dyes production technology with computer whole-process control, dye bath ratio is dyed by 1:10:
The desizing of machine cylinder, dispersion dyeing, vital staining overall process:
Computer controls the position → prompt cloth feeding → operative employee's craft cloth feeding that discharges water, and the about 80m/min → margin to seam → operation 2 of cloth feeding speed divides Termination of pumping sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → addition liquid alkaline → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is controlled into alkali after clock Be added in solution 10min → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder detergent → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer control into Washing agent solution 5min → computer control is warming up to 130 DEG C, and 2 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 30min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, 8 min → computer control water inlet to sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → change is washed in 2 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → overflow 2037 → open cycle of Se Lejia stirring material liquid → computer is added in material cylinder to control into Se Lejia 2037(6min) → material cylinder time Fluidisation material water → material cylinder is added the disperse dyes → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer changed and controls into dye solution 20min → operation detects pH value (pH value 4.95-5.05) → computer control after five minutes and is warming up to 135 DEG C, heating rate 1.8 DEG C/min → heat preservation 40min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, 2 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → prompt sample cutting to color → overflow wash 8 min → Water inlet is added anhydrous sodium sulphate → open cycle into sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder and stirs material liquid → computer It controls into addition soda ash → open cycle stirring in anhydrous sodium sulphate 10min → 5 min of operation → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder Material liquid → computer is controlled into addition activity dye in soda ash 10min → 10 min of operation → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder Material solution → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is controlled into 20 min of dyestuff → 10 min of operation → 65 DEG C of heating of computer control, 1.8 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 70min → prompt sample cutting washes 8min to color → computer control overflow;
Soap: computer, which controls, is added glacial acetic acid → open cycle stirring material in the position that discharges water → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder SW soaping agent → open cycle is added in liquid → computer control charging 5min → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder and stirs material Liquid → computer control charging 5min → 75 DEG C of heating of computer control, 2.5 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 10min → cooling → 65 DEG C of prompt sample cuttings wash 6min → prompt cloth outputting to color, 2.5 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → computer control overflow;
(7), drying and shaping:
Drying and shaping setting: day new 10 section baking oven forming machine is produced using South Korea;This process is to make cloth cover to singe setting after dyeing It is smooth;Meanwhile door width, grammes per square metre, washing shrinkage correlation index of correlation are considered when sizing;
195 DEG C of temperature
70 m/min of speed
Door width 152cm
Grammes per square metre 195g/ ㎡;
(8), it singes:
Primary method is respectively burnt using Jiangsu Taizhou natural gas gassing frame front and back sides to singe to fabric;It singes, makes after dyeing Cloth cover is bright and clean after fabric finished product;Singeing: gas discharge 8, speed 120m/min;
(9) oil sizing:
Oil sizing setting: producing day new 10 section baking oven forming machine using South Korea;This process is to obtain the good feel of fabric and knit Object has good dimensional stability and sets;
The auxiliary agent that uses, technique:
130 silicone oil of rivers and mountains: 12 g/L
150 silicone oil of rivers and mountains: 6 g/L
One immersing and rolling, liquid carrying rate 70~80%
195 DEG C of temperature
45 m/min of speed
Door width 154cm
Grammes per square metre 195g/ ㎡
(10), final finishing calendering:
Calendering is carried out using German KKT calender, the setting of this process mainly obtains fabrics cloth cover good gloss.Calendering work Skill: temperature 60 C, pressure 5kg, speed 50m/min;Sample cloth door width 151cm after calendering;
(11), final finishing tank steams:
Machine is steamed using Italian TMT tank to arrange sample cloth, is answered with obtaining the imitative capillary effect of fabric;After fabric is sent into tank steaming machine, Swelling can occur for fabric fiber in the state that high temperature is damp and hot, and it is 100-102 DEG C that tank, which steams the temperature in machine steaming pot, and tank steams machine and adopts Fabric is tightly rolled in interlayer with wool flannelette blanket, then passes through high-temperature steam, steam pressure 0.3-0.4MPa, high-temperature steam Temperature be 160-170 DEG C, Steam soak mode is first permeated from inside to outside, then ecto-entad infiltration, and fabric is in diametrical direction fibre Dimension can not be swollen, and can only make the stabilization of fiber, tank towards through fabric is taken out cold front heavy rain again after to swelling to swelling The time arranged in steaming machine is 20-30 minute, through to being swollen so that the resilience of fabric, stiffness greatly improve, wool-like effect It is ideal.Tank makes fabric reach not only plentiful but also well-pressed comfort property after steaming, have all good feel;
(12), product inspection:
Presentation quality and inherent quality index to fabric are tested;
Finished appearance quality: the bright and clean smooth, soft of cloth cover, without wrinkle strip;Even dyeing, no dyeing defect, color dot etc. dye defect;
Preferably, step (1) the T/R fabric is the fabric of the blend fibre composition of terylene and viscose rayon.
Preferably, adjusting disperse dyes Value in Dyeing Process auxiliary agent described in step (2) is not easy to play, dispersion can be voluntarily adjusted PH value in dyestuff dye bath, and there is certain level-dyeing property to disperse dyeing of polyester.
Preferably, step (6) pre-treatment, dye process, using overflow dyeing machine, computer whole-process control, Bath raio 1:10 is carried out.
It is main to pass through to the research of a large amount of auxiliary agents, analysis, screening and test, it finds in disperse dyeing, uses one Kind of auxiliary agent Se Lejia 2037 replaces glacial acetic acid, can stable dispersion dyestuff Value in Dyeing Process (pH value 4.95-5.05), can also omit Neutralization step after alkali desizing or pre-treatment, while being also greatly improved to the level-dyeing property in dyeing course
The present invention is used for the production technology of polyester fabric overflow dyeing machine disperse dyeing pH stability, can be effectively controlled cloth The consumption of dyeing water can be greatly reduced in the pH value (4.95-5.05) in face, improve production capacity, and effects of energy saving and emission reduction is obvious, and The correctness and reproducibility of color are improved, various quality are interior can to meet the requirement of different clients in index etc..
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, the technical solutions of the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1: a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value sequentially includes the following steps:
(1), fabric is chosen:
The T/R fabric blank that a cylinder length is 1600 meters or so is chosen, openpore door width 160cm, grammes per square metre 200g/ ㎡ contaminate dark blue Color.
The woven that T/R product is generally made of 65% polyester fiber and 35% viscous fiber.
(2), the selection of material is contaminated:
The selection of disperse dyes:
Disperse dyes can be divided into three classes: (1), high temperature modification (S type): this kind of dye sublimation fastness is preferable, poor diffusivity.(2), low temperature Type (E type): this kind of dye sublimation fastness is poor, and diffusivity is good, is suitble to exhaustion method dyeing, there is preferable level-dyeing property.(3), medium temperature Type (SE type): the kind between both the above;
A) to keep T/R fabrics cloth cover bright and clean, will generally singe processing after dye, and drying and shaping is wanted before singing, keeps cloth cover smooth, Since setting temperature is higher, the preferable high temperature modification of heat sublimation fastness (S type) dyestuff is selected;
B) dyestuff that select dye uptake, colouring speed close, it is preferred to use three-primary colours;
The selection of auxiliary agent:
Adjust disperse dyes Value in Dyeing Process auxiliary agent:
Disperse dyes are weak acid dye, generally adjust pH value with glacial acetic acid, since glacial acetic acid is volatile, especially at high temperature, It is easier to play, makes dye liquor partial neutral or meta-alkalescence, influence disperse dyes colouring;Even if be added buffer (such as sodium acetate), also because How much is dosage, and pH value is varied;Select auxiliary agent (such as Se Lejia smaller in range using the pH stable in energy dye bath 2037);
Reactive dyeing auxiliary agent:
A) anhydrous sodium sulphate: due to the difference of the manufacturer of anhydrous sodium sulphate, the content of sodium sulphate is also different in anhydrous sodium sulphate;It selects Na2SO4 content is 97% or more, and pH value wants neutral or slightly biased alkali, can not meta-acid;Chloride ion cannot be contained, and (chloride ion is to stainless Steel dyeing machine cylinder has stronger corrosivity).
B) color fixing agent: the color-fixing method of reactive dye generally has pure alternative alkaline process, substitute alkali to add Method of Soda and hjolomorphism alkaline process Three kinds;Use soda ash for the color fixing agent of reactive dyeing process, to the pH value of dye bath, fiber color is more stable;Soda ash Generally require Na2CO3 content 90% or more;
(3) technical flow design:
Cloth → singe → machine cylinder alkali desizing → dyeing → dehydration → open-width → drying and shaping → is turned over to singe → oil sizing → calendering → tank steams → examines yardstick.
(4) it singes
It respectively burns primary method using Jiangsu Taizhou natural gas gassing frame front and back sides to singe to fabric, singeing: natural Throughput 14, speed 120m/min.
(5), the desizing of machine cylinder, disperse dyes dye wash formula and dyeing, Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes formula and dyeing are set It is fixed:
Machine cylinder desizing formula and technique:
36 ° of B é liquid alkaline: 20g/L
Detergent: 1 g/L
Technique: 130 DEG C × 30min;
Disperse dyeing of polyester formula (o.w.f):
200%SE-3BG is dark blue: 1.36%
200%SE-3RLN orange: 0.4%
100%S-5BL carbuncle: 0.16%
Se Lejia 2037:1 g/L(pH value is 4.95-5.05)
Disperse dyeing of polyester dyeing: 135 DEG C × 40min;
Reactive dye contaminate viscose glue formula (o.w.f):
100%NRR is dark blue: 1.7%
150%3RS is yellow: 0.56%
150%3BS is red: 0.146%
Anhydrous sodium sulphate: 44g/L
Soda ash: 20g/L
Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes technique: 60 DEG C × 70min;
It soaps after vital staining formula:
Soaping agent SW:0.4g/L
Glacial acetic acid: 0.2g/L
It soaps technique: 75 DEG C × 10min.
(6), the desizing of machine cylinder, dispersion dyeing, vital staining, soap:
Using the military smart overflow dyeing machine dyeing in the east 500kg, dying operation work is calculated by dyeing recipe and fabric weight at accounting Material is contaminated, by regulationization good colourant, material uniformly exists without suspended particulate dyestuff.
Dye production procedure (dyeing production technology with computer whole-process control, dye bath ratio is dyed by 1:10):
The desizing of machine cylinder, dispersion dyeing, vital staining overall process:
Computer controls the position → prompt cloth feeding → operative employee's craft cloth feeding that discharges water, and the about 80m/min → margin to seam → operation 2 of cloth feeding speed divides Termination of pumping sensed water level → material cylinder flows back after clock, and (liquid alkaline is 36 ° of B é to material water → addition liquid alkaline, is first changed with water by 1:4 weight ratio At solution, material cylinder is entered by liquid alkaline automatic delivery Direct Distribution) → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer control into alkali soluble Detergent → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is added in liquid 10min → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder to control into net Lotion solution 5min → computer control is warming up to 130 DEG C, and 2 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 30min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, drop 8 min → computer control water inlet to sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → material is washed in 2 DEG C of warm rate/min → overflow 2037 → open cycle of Se Lejia stirring material liquid → computer is added in cylinder to control into Se Lejia 2037(6min) → material cylinder reflux Material water → material cylinder is added the disperse dyes → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer changed and controls into dye solution 20min The control of detection pH value (pH value 4.95-5.05) → computer is warming up to 135 DEG C after five minutes for → operation, 1.8 DEG C/min of heating rate → heat preservation 40min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, and 2 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → prompt sample cutting is to color → overflow washing 8min → water inlet to inspection Anhydrous sodium sulphate is added in survey water level → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder, and (anhydrous sodium sulphate presses 22.2 ﹪ solution of chemical conversion, by anhydrous sodium sulphate Automatic delivery Direct Distribution enters material cylinder) → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer control into anhydrous sodium sulphate 10min → operation 5 Soda ash → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is added in min → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder to control into soda ash 10 Be added in min → operation 5min → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder reactive dye solution → open cycle stirring material liquid → Computer is controlled into dyestuff 20min → 10 min of operation → 65 DEG C of heating of computer control, 1.8 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 70min → prompt sample cutting washes 8min to color → computer control overflow.
Soap: computer controls the position that discharges water and opens to water level → material cylinder reflux material water → glacial acetic acid is added in material cylinder → is surveyed Circulation stirring material liquid → computer control charging 5min → material cylinder reflux material water → SW soaping agent is added in material cylinder → is opened Circulation stirring material liquid → computer control charging 5min → 75 DEG C of heating of computer control, 2.5 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 10min → cooling → 65 DEG C prompt sample cutting prompts color, 2.5 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → 6min is washed in computer control overflow → Cloth.
(7), drying and shaping:
Drying and shaping setting: day new 10 section baking oven forming machine is produced using South Korea;This process is to make cloth cover to singe setting after dyeing It is smooth;Meanwhile the indexs of correlation such as door width, grammes per square metre, washing shrinkage are considered when sizing.
195 DEG C of temperature
70 m/min of speed
Door width 152cm
Grammes per square metre 195g/ ㎡
(8), it singes:
Primary method is respectively burnt using Jiangsu Taizhou natural gas gassing frame front and back sides to singe to fabric;It singes, makes after dyeing Cloth cover is bright and clean after fabric finished product;Singeing: gas discharge 8, speed 120m/min.
(9) oil sizing
Oil sizing setting: producing day new 10 section baking oven forming machine using South Korea;This process is to obtain the good feel of fabric and knit Object has good dimensional stability and sets;
The auxiliary agent that uses, technique:
130 silicone oil of rivers and mountains: 12 g/L
150 silicone oil of rivers and mountains: 6 g/L
One immersing and rolling, liquid carrying rate: 70~80%
Temperature: 195 DEG C
Speed: 45 m/min
Door width: 154cm
Grammes per square metre: 195g/ ㎡
(10), final finishing calendering:
Calendering is carried out using German KKT calender, the setting of this process mainly obtains fabrics cloth cover good gloss.Calendering work Skill: temperature 60 C, pressure 5kg, speed 50m/min;Sample cloth door width 151cm after calendering.
(11), final finishing tank steams:
Machine is steamed using Italian TMT tank to arrange sample cloth, is answered with obtaining the imitative capillary effect of fabric;After fabric is sent into tank steaming machine, Swelling can occur for fabric fiber in the state that high temperature is damp and hot, and it is 100-102 DEG C that tank, which steams the temperature in machine steaming pot, and tank steams machine and adopts Fabric is tightly rolled in interlayer with wool flannelette blanket, then passes through high-temperature steam, steam pressure 0.3-0.4MPa, high-temperature steam Temperature be 160-170 DEG C, Steam soak mode is first permeated from inside to outside, then ecto-entad infiltration, and fabric is in diametrical direction fibre Dimension can not be swollen, and can only make the stabilization of fiber, tank towards through fabric is taken out cold front heavy rain again after to swelling to swelling The time arranged in steaming machine is 20-30 minute, through to being swollen so that the resilience of fabric, stiffness greatly improve, wool-like effect It is ideal.Tank makes fabric reach not only plentiful but also well-pressed comfort property after steaming, have all good feel.
(12), product inspection:
Presentation quality and inherent quality index to fabric are tested.
Finished appearance quality: the bright and clean smooth, soft of cloth cover, without wrinkle strip;Even dyeing, the dyeing disease such as no dyeing defect, color dot Defect.
Embodiment 2: a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value sequentially includes the following steps:
(1), the T/C fabric blank that a cylinder length is 2000 meters or so, openpore door width 160cm, grammes per square metre 110g/ ㎡, dye are chosen Black.
The woven that T/C product is generally made of 65% polyester fiber and 35% cotton fiber.
(2) technical flow design:
Turn over cloth → alkali desizing → pre-setting → singe → mercerising → oxygen bleaching → dyeing → dehydration → open-width → oils sizing → calendering → finished product preshrunk → inspection yardstick.
(3), it alkali desizing design, washing: is moved back using the LMH023-200L type of Jiangsu Hongqi printing and dyeing Mechanical Co., Ltd and boils drift Combination machine carries out desizing to sample cloth;
With second dipping and rolling, banked up 60 minutes in working solution liquid carrying rate 70~80%. steam box, 100 DEG C of temperature;Processing speed is 50m/ min。
Washing, drying: small water washing chamber washing (temperature is 85 DEG C) → dry → small water washing chamber washing (temperature is 75 DEG C) → Dry that → big water washing chamber washing (temperature be 65 DEG C) → dries → big water washing chamber washing (temperature be 60 DEG C) → to dry → wash greatly Case washing (temperature is room temperature) → dry → drying cylinder drying;Drying cylinder steam pressure be 0.15-0.2MPa, about 110 DEG C of temperature or so;
The above repeatedly washing is continuous washing, 50 ms/min of speed when washing;
Desizing auxiliary formula:
Alkali concentration: 30 g/L
OD:2.5 g/L
Hydrogen peroxide: 2 g/L
It is required that detection desizing is clean;
(4), fabric pre-setting:
Day new 10 section baking oven forming machine is produced using South Korea, pre-setting is carried out to sample cloth, 190 DEG C × 98m/min of setting process makes a reservation for Fabric situation after type: door width 151cm, grammes per square metre 105g/ ㎡, shrinkage 3%.This process be singe, mercerising and set;
(5), it singes:
Primary method is respectively burnt using Jiangsu Taizhou natural gas gassing frame front and back sides to singe to fabric;After singing, make fabric Cloth cover is bright and clean after finished product;Singeing: gas discharge 16, speed 120m/min.
(6), mercerising is set:
Mercerising is carried out using the LMH201CV.45.-180 mercerizing machine of Huangshi Spinning and Weaving Machinery Plant;Use auxiliary formula and technique:
Alkali concentration: 240g/L
Speed: 55m/min
Door width: 151cm
Tension: 2kg
Dry after washing: small water washing chamber (temperature is 90 DEG C) → drying → washes (temperature is 80 DEG C) → drying → and washes (temperature It is 70 DEG C) → drying → wash (temperature is 60 DEG C) → drying → and wash the drying of (temperature is room temperature) → dry → drying cylinder;Drying cylinder Steam pressure is 0.15-0.2MPa, about 110 DEG C of temperature or so;
The above repeatedly washing is continuous washing;
(7), oxygen bleaching is set:
Oxygen bleaching is carried out to fabric using joint oxygen bleaching machine;With second dipping and rolling, it is formulated 100 DEG C of 70~80%. steam box of working solution liquid carrying rate It is banked up in temperature 40 minutes;Processing speed is 50m/min.
After oxygen bleaching washing be 5 water washing chambers, washing temperature by successively be respectively 85 DEG C → 75 DEG C → 65 DEG C → 60 DEG C → often Temperature;
Dry after washing: small water washing chamber washing (temperature is 85 DEG C) → dry → small water washing chamber washes (temperature is 75 DEG C) → is rolled It is dry that → big water washing chamber washing (temperature be 65 DEG C) → dries → big water washing chamber washes (temperature is 60 DEG C) → and dries → big water washing chamber Washing (temperature is room temperature) → dry → drying cylinder drying;Drying cylinder steam pressure be 0.15-0.2MPa, about 110 DEG C of temperature or so;
The above repeatedly washing is continuous washing, 50 ms/min of speed when washing;
Oxygenic bleaching aids formula:
Hydrogen peroxide: 3 g/L
Hydrogen peroxide stabilizer: 0.2 g/L
Make composite assistant: 2 g/L by oneself
(8), disperse dyes dye washs formula and dyeing, Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes formula and dyeing are set:
Disperse dyeing of polyester formula (o.w.f):
300% dispersion ECT black 2.6%
200% disperse orange SE-3RLN0.5%
100% dispersed ruby S-5BL0.32%
Se Lejia 2037:1 g/L
Disperse dyeing of polyester dyeing: 135 DEG C × 40min;
Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes formula (o.w.f):
The black RNN1.66 % of beautiful source element
150%3RS Huang 0.55%
150%3BS red 0.4%
Anhydrous sodium sulphate: 44g/L,
Soda ash: 20g/L;
Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes technique: 60 DEG C × 70min;
It soaps after vital staining formula:
Soaping agent SW:0.4kg/ cylinder
Glacial acetic acid: 0.2kg/ cylinder
It soaps technique: 75 DEG C × 10min.
(9) machine cylinder dyes:
Using the military smart overflow dyeing machine dyeing in the east 500kg, dying operation work is calculated by dyeing recipe and fabric weight at accounting Material is contaminated, by regulationization good colourant, material uniformly exists without suspended particulate dyestuff.
Dye production procedure (dyeing production technology with computer whole-process control, dye bath ratio is dyed by 1:10):
Dye overall process:
Computer controls the position → prompt cloth feeding → operative employee's craft cloth feeding that discharges water, and the about 80m/min → margin to seam → operation 2 of cloth feeding speed divides 2037 → open cycle of Se Lejia is added in termination of pumping sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder after clock and stirs material liquid → computer control be added into Se Lejia 2037(6min) → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder the disperse dyes changed → Open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is controlled into dye solution 20min → operation detects pH value (pH value 4.95- after five minutes 5.05) → computer control is warming up to 135 DEG C, and 1.8 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 40min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, rate of temperature fall 2 DEG C/min → prompt sample cutting washes 8min → water inlet to sensed water level → material cylinder to color → overflow and flows back material water → material cylinder Middle addition anhydrous sodium sulphate (anhydrous sodium sulphate enters material cylinder by anhydrous sodium sulphate automatic delivery Direct Distribution by 22.2 ﹪ solution of chemical conversion) → open Circulation stirring material liquid → computer is controlled into anhydrous sodium sulphate 10min → 5 min of operation → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder Soda ash → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is added to control into 10 min of soda ash → operation 10min → material cylinder reflux material water Reactive dye solution → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is added in → material cylinder to control into dyestuff 20min → 10 min of operation 65 DEG C of heating of the control of → computer, 1.8 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 70min → prompt sample cutting controls overflow water to color → computer Wash 8min.
Soap: computer controls the position that discharges water and opens to water level → material cylinder reflux material water → glacial acetic acid is added in material cylinder → is surveyed Circulation stirring material liquid → computer control charging 5min → material cylinder reflux material water → SW soaping agent is added in material cylinder → is opened Circulation stirring material liquid → computer control charging 5min → 75 DEG C of heating of computer control, 2.5 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 10min → cooling → 65 DEG C prompt sample cutting prompts color, 2.5 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → 6min is washed in computer control overflow → Cloth.
(10), oil sizing setting:
Day new 10 section baking oven forming machine is produced using South Korea;This process is to obtain the good feel of fabric and fabric to have good ruler Very little stability and set;
The auxiliary agent that uses, technique:
130 silicone oil of rivers and mountains: 15 g/L
One immersing and rolling, liquid carrying rate: 70~80%
Temperature: 195 DEG C
Speed: 70m/min
Door width: 154cm
Grammes per square metre: 105g/ ㎡
(11), calendering:
Calendering is carried out using German KKT calender, the setting of this process mainly obtains fabrics cloth cover good gloss.Calendering work Skill: 80 DEG C of temperature, pressure 6kg, speed 50m/min;Sample cloth door width 151cm after calendering.
(12), final finishing finished product preshrunk:
Shrunk finish is carried out to fabric using Zheng's frame preshrinking machine, to obtain the good dimensional stability of fabric;Reach fabric Not only soft but also well-pressed comfort feel.Production technology: rubber blanket pressure 1.5MPa, steam pressure 1.5kg, speed 45m/min, contracting Within rate control 3%.
(13) product inspection:
Presentation quality and inherent quality index to fabric are tested.
Embodiment 3: a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value sequentially includes the following steps:
(1), the full polyester fabric fabric that a cylinder length is 1600 meters or so, openpore door width 170cm, grammes per square metre 152g/ ㎡, dye are chosen It is blue.
(2) it technical flow design: turns over cloth → flat steaming → Alkali reduction → dyeing → dehydration → open-width → and oils sizing → inspection Yardstick.
(3) it puts down and steams:
Using the smooth preshrinking machine of Xinchang Duo Jia Machinery Co., Ltd. to fabric open width preshrunk
Flat technique of steaming: 90 DEG C × 55min
(4), Alkali reduction, dyeing recipe and dyeing are set:
Alkali reduction formula and technique:
36 ° of B é liquid alkaline: 50 g/L
101 deoil spirit: 0.5 g/L
130℃×40min
Disperse dyeing of polyester formula (o.w.f):
300%ECO is deep blue: 2.7%
200%SRL orange: 0.85%
100%S-5BL carbuncle: 0.18%
Se Lejia 2037:1 g/L
Disperse dyes dye dyeing: 135 DEG C × 40min;
(5) machine cylinder dyes:
Using the military smart overflow dyeing machine dyeing in the east 500kg, dying operation work is calculated by dyeing recipe and fabric weight at accounting Material is contaminated, by the good activity dye dyestuff of regulationization, material uniformly exists without suspended particulate dyestuff.
Dye production procedure (dyeing production technology with computer whole-process control, dye bath ratio is dyed by 1:10):
Alkali reduction, dyeing overall process:
Computer controls the position → prompt cloth feeding → operative employee's craft cloth feeding that discharges water, and the about 80m/min → margin to seam → operation 2 of cloth feeding speed divides Termination of pumping sensed water level → material cylinder flows back after clock, and (liquid alkaline is 36 ° of B é to material water → addition liquid alkaline, is first changed with water by 1:4 weight ratio At solution, material cylinder is entered by liquid alkaline automatic delivery Direct Distribution) → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer control into alkali soluble 101 are added in liquid 10min → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder to deoil spirit → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer control 130 DEG C are warming up into 101 clever solution 5min → computer controls of deoiling, 2 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 40min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, 2 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → 8 min of overflow washing → computer control water inlet to sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → 2037 → open cycle of Se Lejia stirring material liquid → computer is added in material cylinder to control into Se Lejia 2037(6min) → material cylinder Reflux material water → material cylinder is added the disperse dyes → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer changed and controls into dye solution 20min → operation detects pH value (pH value 4.95-5.05) → computer control after five minutes and is warming up to 135 DEG C, heating rate 1.8 DEG C/min → heat preservation 40min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, 2 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → prompt sample cutting washes 8min to color → overflow.
(6), oil sizing setting: producing day new 10 section baking oven forming machine using South Korea
150 silicone oil of rivers and mountains: 8.5 g/L
180 DEG C of temperature
60 m/min of speed
Door width 150cm
Grammes per square metre 145g/ ㎡
(8) product inspection:
Presentation quality and inherent quality index to fabric are tested.
Fabric described in embodiment 1 to 2 has following technical parameter:
Gram weight: meet design requirement (GB/T4668)
Fastness to soaping: GB/T 3921.3-2008
Colour fastness to rubbing: GB/T 3920-2008
Colour fastness to perspiration: GB/T 3922-2013
Wash size changing rate: GB/T 8629-2017 GB/T 8630-2017 GB/T 8628-2017
Pilling: GB/T 4802.1-2008
Ultimate strength: GB/T 3923.1-2013
Tearing brute force: GB/T 3917.1-2000
Wrinkle recovery angle: GB/T 3819-1997
Cloth cover pH value: GB/T 7573-2009.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value, it is characterised in that sequentially include the following steps:
(1), sample cloth is chosen:
The T/R fabric sample cloth that a coupe degree is 80 meters or so is chosen, openpore door width 160cm, grammes per square metre 200g/ ㎡ contaminate navy;
The woven that T/R product is generally made of 65% polyester fiber and 35% viscous fiber;
(2), the selection of material is contaminated:
The selection of disperse dyes:
Disperse dyes can be divided into three classes:
(1), high temperature modification, S type: this kind of dye sublimation fastness is preferable, poor diffusivity;
(2), low form, E type: this kind of dye sublimation fastness is poor, and diffusivity is good, is suitble to exhaustion method dyeing, there is preferable level dyeing Property;
(3), middle warm type, SE type: the kind between both the above;
A) to keep T/R fabrics cloth cover bright and clean, will generally singe processing after dye, and drying and shaping is wanted before singing, keeps cloth cover smooth, Since setting temperature is higher, the preferable high temperature modification of heat sublimation fastness, S type dye are selected;
B) dyestuff that select dye uptake, colouring speed close, it is preferred to use three-primary colours;
The selection of auxiliary agent:
Adjust disperse dyes Value in Dyeing Process auxiliary agent:
Disperse dyes are weak acid dye, generally adjust pH value with glacial acetic acid, since glacial acetic acid is volatile, especially at high temperature, It is easier to play, makes dye liquor partial neutral or meta-alkalescence, influence disperse dyes colouring;Even if be added buffer, also because dosage how much, pH Value is varied;Select the auxiliary agent smaller in range using the pH stable in energy dye bath;
Reactive dyeing auxiliary agent:
A) anhydrous sodium sulphate: due to the difference of the manufacturer of anhydrous sodium sulphate, the content of sodium sulphate is also different in anhydrous sodium sulphate;It selects Na2SO4 content is 97% or more, and pH value wants neutral or slightly biased alkali, can not meta-acid;Chloride ion cannot be contained, chloride ion is to stainless Steel dyeing machine cylinder has stronger corrosivity;
B) color fixing agent: the color-fixing method of reactive dye generally has pure alternative alkaline process, substitute alkali to add Method of Soda and three kinds of hjolomorphism alkaline process; Use soda ash for the color fixing agent of reactive dyeing process, to the pH value of dye bath, fiber color is more stable;Soda ash is generally wanted Ask Na2CO3 content 90% or more;
(3) technical flow design:
Cloth → singe → machine cylinder alkali desizing → dyeing → dehydration → open-width → drying and shaping → is turned over to singe → oil sizing → calendering → tank steams → examines yardstick;
(4) it singes:
It respectively burns primary method using Jiangsu Taizhou natural gas gassing frame front and back sides to singe to fabric, singeing: natural Throughput 14, speed 120m/min;
(5), the desizing of machine cylinder, disperse dyes dye wash formula and dyeing, Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes formula and dyeing setting:
Machine cylinder desizing formula and technique:
36 ° of B é liquid alkaline: 20g/L
Detergent: 1 g/L
Technique: 130 DEG C × 30min;
Disperse dyeing of polyester formula (o.w.f):
200%SE-3BG is dark blue: 1.36%
200%SE-3RLN orange: 0.4%
100%S-5BL carbuncle: 0.16%
Se Lejia 2037:1 g/L(pH value is 4.95-5.05)
Disperse dyeing of polyester dyeing: 135 DEG C × 40min;
Reactive dye contaminate viscose glue formula (o.w.f):
100%NRR is dark blue: 1.7%
150%3RS is yellow: 0.56%
150%3BS is red: 0.146%
Anhydrous sodium sulphate: 44g/L
Soda ash: 20g/L
Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Reactive Dyes technique: 60 DEG C × 70min;
It soaps after vital staining formula:
Soaping agent SW:0.4g/L
Glacial acetic acid: 0.2g/L
It soaps technique: 75 DEG C × 10min
(6), the desizing of machine cylinder, dispersion dyeing, vital staining, soap:
Using the military essence sample overflow dyeing machine dyeing in Taiwan east, dying operation work presses dyeing recipe and fabric the weight core at accounting Dye material is calculated, by regulationization good colourant, material uniformly exists without suspended particulate dyestuff;
Production procedure is dyed, dyes production technology with computer whole-process control, dye bath ratio is dyed by 1:10:
The desizing of machine cylinder, dispersion dyeing, vital staining overall process:
Computer controls the position → prompt cloth feeding → operative employee's craft cloth feeding that discharges water, and the about 80m/min → margin to seam → operation 2 of cloth feeding speed divides Termination of pumping sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → addition liquid alkaline → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is controlled into alkali after clock Be added in solution 10min → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder detergent → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer control into Washing agent solution 5min → computer control is warming up to 130 DEG C, and 2 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 30min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, 8 min → computer control water inlet to sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → change is washed in 2 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → overflow 2037 → open cycle of Se Lejia stirring material liquid → computer is added in material cylinder to control into Se Lejia 2037(6min) → material cylinder time Fluidisation material water → material cylinder is added the disperse dyes → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer changed and controls into dye solution 20min → operation detects pH value (pH value 4.95-5.05) → computer control after five minutes and is warming up to 135 DEG C, heating rate 1.8 DEG C/min → heat preservation 40min → is cooled to 65 DEG C, 2 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → prompt sample cutting to color → overflow wash 8 min → Water inlet is added anhydrous sodium sulphate → open cycle into sensed water level → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder and stirs material liquid → computer It controls into addition soda ash → open cycle stirring in anhydrous sodium sulphate 10min → 5 min of operation → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder Material liquid → computer is controlled into addition activity dye in soda ash 10min → 10 min of operation → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder Material solution → open cycle stirring material liquid → computer is controlled into 20 min of dyestuff → 10 min of operation → 65 DEG C of heating of computer control, 1.8 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 70min → prompt sample cutting washes 8min to color → computer control overflow;
Soap: computer, which controls, is added glacial acetic acid → open cycle stirring material in the position that discharges water → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder SW soaping agent → open cycle is added in liquid → computer control charging 5min → material cylinder reflux material water → material cylinder and stirs material Liquid → computer control charging 5min → 75 DEG C of heating of computer control, 2.5 DEG C of heating rate/min → heat preservation 10min → cooling → 65 DEG C of prompt sample cuttings wash 6min → prompt cloth outputting to color, 2.5 DEG C of rate of temperature fall/min → computer control overflow;
(7), drying and shaping:
Drying and shaping setting: day new 10 section baking oven forming machine is produced using South Korea;This process is to make cloth cover to singe setting after dyeing It is smooth;Meanwhile door width, grammes per square metre, washing shrinkage correlation index of correlation are considered when sizing;
195 DEG C of temperature
70 m/min of speed
Door width 152cm
Grammes per square metre 195g/ ㎡;
(8), it singes:
Primary method is respectively burnt using Jiangsu Taizhou natural gas gassing frame front and back sides to singe to fabric;It singes, makes after dyeing Cloth cover is bright and clean after fabric finished product;Singeing: gas discharge 8, speed 120m/min;
(9) oil sizing:
Oil sizing setting: producing day new 10 section baking oven forming machine using South Korea;This process is to obtain the good feel of fabric and knit Object has good dimensional stability and sets;
The auxiliary agent that uses, technique:
130 silicone oil of rivers and mountains: 12 g/L
150 silicone oil of rivers and mountains: 6 g/L
One immersing and rolling, liquid carrying rate 70~80%
195 DEG C of temperature
45 m/min of speed
Door width 154cm
Grammes per square metre 195g/ ㎡
(10), final finishing calendering:
Calendering is carried out using German KKT calender, the setting of this process mainly obtains fabrics cloth cover good gloss, calendering work Skill: temperature 60 C, pressure 5kg, speed 50m/min;Sample cloth door width 151cm after calendering;
(11), final finishing tank steams:
Machine is steamed using Italian TMT tank to arrange sample cloth, is answered with obtaining the imitative capillary effect of fabric;After fabric is sent into tank steaming machine, Swelling can occur for fabric fiber in the state that high temperature is damp and hot, and it is 100-102 DEG C that tank, which steams the temperature in machine steaming pot, and tank steams machine and adopts Fabric is tightly rolled in interlayer with wool flannelette blanket, then passes through high-temperature steam, steam pressure 0.3-0.4MPa, high-temperature steam Temperature be 160-170 DEG C, Steam soak mode is first permeated from inside to outside, then ecto-entad infiltration, and fabric is in diametrical direction fibre Dimension can not be swollen, and can only make the stabilization of fiber, tank towards through fabric is taken out cold front heavy rain again after to swelling to swelling The time arranged in steaming machine is 20-30 minute, through to being swollen so that the resilience of fabric, stiffness greatly improve, wool-like effect Ideal, tank makes fabric reach not only plentiful but also well-pressed comfort property after steaming, and has all good feel;
(12), product inspection:
Presentation quality and inherent quality index to fabric are tested;
Finished appearance quality: the bright and clean smooth, soft of cloth cover, without wrinkle strip;Even dyeing, no dyeing defect, color dot etc. dye defect.
2. a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (1) the T/R fabric is the fabric of the blend fibre composition of terylene and viscose rayon.
3. a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (2) the adjusting disperse dyes Value in Dyeing Process auxiliary agent described in is not easy to play, and can voluntarily adjust pH value in disperse dyes dye bath, and to point Dissipating dyes terylene has certain level-dyeing property.
4. a kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (6) pre-treatment, dye process are carried out using overflow dyeing machine, computer whole-process control, bath raio 1:10.
CN201910163690.5A 2019-03-05 2019-03-05 A kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value Pending CN109853266A (en)

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JPS4926993B1 (en) * 1970-12-28 1974-07-13
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CN105862459A (en) * 2015-01-22 2016-08-17 浙江智兴集团有限公司 Dyeing process for elastic polyester viscose fabric
CN106835741A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-06-13 浙江航民股份有限公司 A kind of double branch dyeing production technologies of galatea
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