CN105862459A - Dyeing process for elastic polyester viscose fabric - Google Patents

Dyeing process for elastic polyester viscose fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105862459A
CN105862459A CN201510032114.9A CN201510032114A CN105862459A CN 105862459 A CN105862459 A CN 105862459A CN 201510032114 A CN201510032114 A CN 201510032114A CN 105862459 A CN105862459 A CN 105862459A
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China
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dyeing
temperature
minutes
cloth
controls
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CN201510032114.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
洪德伟
赵水林
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浙江智兴集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201510032114.9A priority Critical patent/CN105862459A/en
Publication of CN105862459A publication Critical patent/CN105862459A/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a process for dyeing wool-stretch fabric. A technical scheme characterized by comprising the following steps: 1) pretreatment: selecting a gray fabric, successively treating the gray fabric by cloth turning and sewing, full-width preshrunk, cylinder pretreatment, dehydration and drying, gray fabric preshaping and gray fabric singeing; 2) dyeing: according to different color requirements and various dyeing ratio, using different dye methods for dyeing; 3) posttreatment: successively subjecting the dyed fabric to washing, water, acid washing, soaping, dewatering, shaping, calendaring and pot decatizing, wherein washing can be conducted many times as necessary in any step before dehydration. By improving the original process, and adjusting the proportion of various dyes and ingredients, the improved process is more suitable for elastic polyester viscose fabric; at the same time, through strict quality control of water quality, the qualified rate of products is guaranteed up to 97%, so as to greatly improve the enterprise's production efficiency.

Description

Elastic force washs the dyeing of sticky cloth
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of elastic force and wash sticky cloth dyeing.
Background technology
Dyeing is the most common a kind of technique, refer to catch cloth the process of shades of colour, various dye material and auxiliary agent need to be added in staining machine, kind for cloth is different, the characteristic of cloth also can be different, being such as the quality that all can affect dyeing such as shrinkage factor, the technique therefore dyeed also can be changed accordingly.
Typically need raw material cloth is carried out preliminary treatment before dyeing, the most again the cloth after preliminary treatment is carried out pre-treatment;Preliminary treatment mainly includes turning over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk processes.
Preshrunk is shrinking with the technical process of reduction washing shrinkage after reducing fabric immersion with physical method.Fabric is in weaving, dyeing and finishing process, and warp-wise is reduced by tension force, the curve height of warp-wise, thus there will be elongation phenomenon.And hydrophilic fiber fabric soaks when drenching, fiber occurs swelling, and the diameter of filling yarn increases, so that warp thread curve height increases, fabric length shortening, formation is shunk.When after fabric drying, swelling disappearance, but the friction between yarn pins down and still makes fabric remain retracted state.Machine shrunk is by fabric first through spraying steam or spraying dewing, then imposes warp-wise mechanical presses, makes curve height increase, is then dried through pine formula.Grey cloth washing shrinkage after preshrunk can be reduced to about 3%, and due to mutually extruding and the rubbing between fiber, yarn, the flexibility of fabric feeling also can be improved.Wool fabric can use lax preshrunk to process, and fabric pads or after spraying steam through warm water, the most slowly dries, and makes fabric warp, broadwise all shrink.
Pre-treatment refers to remove the natural impurity on textile, and slurry, auxiliary agent and other stain thing, to improve the lubricity of textile, whiteness, gloss and dimensional stability, be beneficial to the operation being processed further.Pre-treatment mainly includes desizing, boiling-off and rinsing, desizing and boiling-off refer to that then with chemical agent, institute's band slurry on fabric is hydrolyzed into solable matter removes, the Caustic soda of addition about 4% and refining agent etc., to remove cotton seed hulls, waxiness, oil stain, pigment and other impurity of impact dyeing dyeing ability on grey cloth, make fabric have good outward appearance and water absorption;Bleaching is primarily referred to as adding hydrogen peroxide makes fabric remove residual impurities and natural pigment on the basis of kiering further, thus improves whiteness and the permeability of fabric, is allowed to obtain after dyeing fresh colour, decides whether as required to carry out pre-setting.
Dye to carrying out cloth sending out to wait with single bath process or two baths after pre-treatment, after dyeing, the cloth that dyes is carried out Final finishing, mainly include cleaning, sizing, calendering, the tank steamings etc. such as washing, finally cloth is tested.
The most current, pre-treatment when, typically directly the dispensing material such as desizing agent, penetrating agent, Caustic soda are disposably added, and due to reasons such as the amount of putting into of dispensing, temperature controls, through overtesting, using general method elastic force is washed sticky cloth to carry out the yield rate of pre-treatment is about 92%, although the yield rate of 92% is the highest, but the disqualification rate of 8% is for an enterprise, loss is great, the when that especially yield being big;Dyeing process is one of important step of coloring treatment, through overtesting, dyes for cloth with common single bath process or two-bath process etc., and qualification rate is about 97%;Dyeing post processing is to determine the last guarantee that cloth is the most qualified, therefore the technique of post processing of dyeing the most well decides the qualification rate that cloth is final, test through my company's early stage, for using the method for general post processing, yield rate is about 95%, cloth is about 85% from the qualification rate that grey cloth to last finished product is total, therefore washs the dyeing of sticky cloth adapting to elastic force for improving dyeing, and the qualification rate improving finished product is extremely urgent.
2. water quality is also the key factor affecting end product quality: time concise, and hard water runs into Caustic soda can generate insoluble calcium, magnesium precipitate, is deposited on fabric, thus wastes Caustic soda;Calcium met by soap, magnesium ion generates insoluble calcium, magnesium soap, not only wastes soap, and affects fabric feeling and gloss;Fe and Mn in water not only affects the whiteness (such as embroidering speckle, black silk fiber etc.) of fabric, and fiber can be caused tendering when bleaching;During dyeing, hard water can make some color additive precipitate, and causes uneven dyeing, waste dye material;Calcium, magnesium ion can affect the process of softening agent;If boiler hard water, then it is easily formed incrustation scale, reduces heat and pass to rate, waste fuel, time serious, owing to heat conduction is irregular, explosion accident also can occur.
Summary of the invention
The deficiency existed for prior art, the invention provides a kind of elastic force and washs the dyeing of sticky cloth and wash the printing and dyeing of sticky cloth to adapt to elastic force.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme is that a kind of elastic force washs the dyeing of sticky cloth, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
1) dyeing pre-treatment;Choose grey cloth, and grey cloth is handled as follows successively: turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk process, machine cylinder pre-treatment, dewatered drying, openpore pre-setting, openpore are singed.
2) dyeing: carry out dyestuff according to the requirement of different colours.
3) dyeing post processing, carry out successively washing by the cloth after dyeing, pickling, soap, be dehydrated, shape, calendering, tank steam, wherein washing can be carried out repeatedly by arbitrary steps the most before dewatering.
Further, described machine cylinder pre-treatment is in J-type cylinder, temperature controls at 120~140 DEG C, temperature retention time 25~40 minutes, adds desizing agent 4.5~6g/L, penetrating agent 0.8~1.3g/L, Caustic soda 8~12g/L, spirit 1.5~3g/L of deoiling, steam heats indirectly, the water inlet limit water outlet of waste discharge back, rinses 10~15 minutes;
Dewatered drying uses drying with steam, and drying temperature is 130~140 DEG C;
Openpore pre-setting, uses the mode of dry sizing, and temperature controls at 190~200 DEG C, speed 50m/min;
Openpore is singed;Use gasoline is singed, speed 80~90m/min.
Further, the temperature of machine cylinder pre-treatment is 130 DEG C, first addition desizing agent 3g/L, penetrating agent 0.6g/L, Caustic soda 6g/L, deoil spirit 1.2g/L, cloth is put into, after 10 minutes, adds desizing agent 1g/L, penetrating agent 0.2g/L, Caustic soda 2g/L, deoil spirit 0.4g/L stirring, and added desizing agent 0.5g/L every 5 minutes afterwards, penetrating agent 0.1g/L, Caustic soda 1g/L, deoil spirit 0.2g/L, is incubated 5 minutes after adding for the last time.
Further, 1) for light color cloth, use one-bath dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 125~135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4~0.6g/L, levelling agent 1~2g/L, disperse dyes 5~20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;
2) for middle dark cloth, use two bath process, first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 125~135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4~0.6g/L; levelling agent 1~2g/L, disperse dyes 5~20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 55~65 DEG C, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 30~70g/L, soda 1~1.5g/L, reactive dye 5~30g/Kg, is incubated 60 minutes;
3) for dark cloth, predominantly black cloth, two bath process, first step dispersion dyeing are used, dyeing in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 125~135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4~0.6g/L, levelling agent 1~2g/L, disperse dyes 5~20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 95~100 DEG C, adds akali sulphide 20~30g/L, sulfur dye 20~30g/Kg, is incubated 40 minutes.
Further, in dyeing pre-treatment, dyeing, dye in last handling process, < 10 degree, PH is 7~8 to water quality requirement colourity, and < 0.1g/L, < 0.1g/L, total hardness is 9~18 to manganese to ferrum, without solid suspension.
Further, 1) washing: water temperature controls at 60~90 DEG C, and washing time is 10-15min, and washing times selects 1-3 time as required;
2) pickling: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls as 1:6, addition glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, pickling time 8~10min;
3) soaping: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, adds soaping agent 0.5~1.5g/L, soaps the time 8~10min;
4) sizing: requiring to add softening agent 20~30g/L according to feel, setting temperature 190~200 DEG C, the time 45~60s, liquid carrying rate 60~80%, speed 40~50m/ is divided;
5) calendering: steam direct heating, speed 40m/ divides, heating-up temperature 130~150 DEG C, pressure 3~12MPa;
6) tank steams: uses tank to steam machine, at steam pressure 0.2~0.4MPa, carries out following steps, evacuation 1min, outer vapour decatize 4min successively, bleed off remaining vapour 1min, interior vapour decatize 3min, inside and outside balance of steam 1min, go out machine.
Further, the liquid carrying rate 70~75% of sizing.
Further, washing temperature is 75 DEG C.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: by improving original technique, adjust the proportion of various dyestuff and dispensing, technique after improving more is adapted to for elastic force washs sticky cloth, simultaneously, product qualified rate is ensured by the strict water quality that controls, the qualification rate of product is about 97% at present, drastically increases the productivity effect of enterprise.
Detailed description of the invention
In all embodiments, dyeing pre-treatment, dyeing, dye in last handling process, water quality is required to colourity, and < 10 degree, PH is 7~8, and < 0.1g/L, < 0.1g/L, total hardness is 9~12 to manganese to ferrum, without solid suspension.
Embodiment one:
Dyeing pre-treatment;Choose grey cloth, and grey cloth is handled as follows successively: turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk process, machine cylinder pre-treatment, dewatered drying, openpore pre-setting, openpore are singed, wherein turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk processes and is prior art, the most here describes in detail.
1) pre-treatment of machine cylinder is in J-type cylinder, and temperature controls at 130 DEG C, temperature retention time 30 minutes, adds desizing agent 5g/L, penetrating agent 1g/L, Caustic soda 10g/L, and deoil spirit 2g/L, and steam heats indirectly, the water inlet limit water outlet of waste discharge back, rinses 15 minutes;
2) dewatered drying uses drying with steam, and drying temperature is 135 DEG C;
3) openpore pre-setting, uses the mode of dry sizing, and temperature controls at 195 DEG C, speed 50m/min;
4) openpore is singed;Use gasoline is singed, speed 85m/min.
Dyeing;1) for light color cloth, using one-bath dyeing (dispersion dyeing), dye in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, levelling agent 1.5g/L, disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;
2) for middle dark cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L; levelling agent 1.5g/L, disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 60 DEG C, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 50g/L, soda 1.2g/L, reactive dye 15g/Kg, is incubated 60 minutes;
3) for dark cloth, predominantly black cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls as 1:6; temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, levelling agent 1.5g/L; disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 100 DEG C, adds akali sulphide 25g/L, sulfur dye 25g/Kg, is incubated 40 minutes.
Dyeing post processing, carry out successively washing by the cloth after dyeing, pickling, soap, be dehydrated, shape, calendering, tank steam, wherein washing can be carried out repeatedly by arbitrary steps the most before dewatering.
1) washing: water temperature controls at 75 DEG C, and washing time is 15min, and washing times selects as required, generally light color cloth washing 1 time, middle dark cloth washing is 2~3 times.
2) pickling: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls as 1:6, addition glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, pickling time 10min;
3) soaping: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and adding soaping agent 1g/L, soap time 10min;
4) sizing: requiring to add softening agent 20~30g/L according to feel, setting temperature 195 DEG C, time 50s, liquid carrying rate 60~80%, speed 45m/ is divided;
5) calendering: steam direct heating, speed 40m/ divides, heating-up temperature 140 DEG C, pressure 7MPa;
6) tank steams: uses tank to steam machine, at steam pressure 0.3MPa, carries out following steps, evacuation 1min, outer vapour decatize 4min successively, bleed off remaining vapour 1min, interior vapour decatize 3min, inside and outside balance of steam 1min, go out machine.
Embodiment two:
Dyeing pre-treatment;Choose grey cloth, and grey cloth is handled as follows successively: turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk process, machine cylinder pre-treatment, dewatered drying, openpore pre-setting, openpore are singed, wherein turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk processes and is prior art, the most here describes in detail.
1) temperature of machine cylinder pre-treatment is 130 DEG C, first addition desizing agent 3g/L, penetrating agent 0.6g/L, Caustic soda 6g/L, deoil spirit 1.2g/L, is put into by cloth, desizing agent 1g/L, penetrating agent 0.2g/L, Caustic soda 2g/L is added after 10 minutes, deoiled spirit 0.4g/L stirring, and added desizing agent 0.5g/L, penetrating agent 0.1g/L afterwards every 5 minutes, Caustic soda 1g/L, deoil spirit 0.2g/L, is incubated 5 minutes after adding for the last time, steam heats indirectly, the water inlet limit water outlet of waste discharge back, rinses 15 minutes;
2) dewatered drying uses drying with steam, and drying temperature is 135 DEG C;
3) openpore pre-setting, uses the mode of dry sizing, and temperature controls at 195 DEG C, speed 50m/min;
4) openpore is singed;Use gasoline is singed, speed 85m/min.
Dyeing;1) for light color cloth, using one-bath dyeing (dispersion dyeing), dye in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, levelling agent 1.5g/L, disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;
2) for middle dark cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L; levelling agent 1.5g/L, disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 60 DEG C, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 50g/L, soda 1.2g/L, reactive dye 15g/Kg, is incubated 60 minutes;
3) for dark cloth, predominantly black cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls as 1:6; temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, levelling agent 1.5g/L; disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 100 DEG C, adds akali sulphide 25g/L, sulfur dye 25g/Kg, is incubated 40 minutes.
Dyeing post processing, carry out successively washing by the cloth after dyeing, pickling, soap, be dehydrated, shape, calendering, tank steam, wherein washing can be carried out repeatedly by arbitrary steps the most before dewatering.
1) washing: water temperature controls at 75 DEG C, and washing time is 15min, and washing times selects as required, generally 1-3 time;
2) pickling: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls as 1:6, addition glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, pickling time 10min;
3) soaping: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and adding soaping agent 1g/L, soap time 10min;
4) sizing: requiring to add softening agent 20~30g/L according to feel, setting temperature 195 DEG C, time 50s, liquid carrying rate 60~80%, speed 45m/ is divided;
5) calendering: steam direct heating, speed 40m/ divides, heating-up temperature 140 DEG C, pressure 7MPa;
6) tank steams: uses tank to steam machine, at steam pressure 0.3MPa, carries out following steps, evacuation 1min, outer vapour decatize 4min successively, bleed off remaining vapour 1min, interior vapour decatize 3min, inside and outside balance of steam 1min, go out machine.
Embodiment three:
Dyeing pre-treatment;Choose grey cloth, and grey cloth is handled as follows successively: turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk process, machine cylinder pre-treatment, dewatered drying, openpore pre-setting, openpore are singed, wherein turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk processes and is prior art, the most here describes in detail.
1) temperature of machine cylinder pre-treatment is 130 DEG C, first addition desizing agent 3g/L, penetrating agent 0.6g/L, Caustic soda 6g/L, deoil spirit 1.2g/L, is put into by cloth, desizing agent 1g/L, penetrating agent 0.2g/L, Caustic soda 2g/L is added after 10 minutes, deoiled spirit 0.4g/L stirring, and added desizing agent 0.5g/L, penetrating agent 0.1g/L afterwards every 5 minutes, Caustic soda 1g/L, deoil spirit 0.2g/L, is incubated 5 minutes after adding for the last time, steam heats indirectly, the water inlet limit water outlet of waste discharge back, rinses 15 minutes;
2) dewatered drying uses drying with steam, and drying temperature is 135 DEG C;
3) openpore pre-setting, uses the mode of dry sizing, and temperature controls at 195 DEG C, speed 50m/min;
4) openpore is singed;Use gasoline is singed, speed 85m/min.
Dyeing;1) for light color cloth, using one-bath dyeing (dispersion dyeing), dye in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, levelling agent 1.5g/L, disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;
2) for middle dark cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L; levelling agent 1.5g/L, disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 60 DEG C, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 50g/L, soda 1.2g/L, reactive dye 15g/Kg, is incubated 60 minutes;
3) for dark cloth, predominantly black cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls as 1:6; temperature controls at 130 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, levelling agent 1.5g/L; disperse dyes 12g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 100 DEG C, adds akali sulphide 25g/L, sulfur dye 25g/Kg, is incubated 40 minutes.
Dyeing post processing, carry out successively washing by the cloth after dyeing, pickling, soap, be dehydrated, shape, calendering, tank steam, wherein washing can be carried out repeatedly by arbitrary steps the most before dewatering.
1) washing: water temperature controls at 75 DEG C, and washing time is 15min, and washing times selects as required, generally 1-3 time;
2) pickling: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls as 1:6, addition glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, pickling time 10min;
3) soaping: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and adding soaping agent 1g/L, soap time 10min;
4) sizing: requiring to add softening agent 20~30g/L according to feel, setting temperature 195 DEG C, time 50s, liquid carrying rate 70~75%, speed 45m/ is divided;
5) calendering: steam direct heating, speed 40m/ divides, heating-up temperature 140 DEG C, pressure 7MPa;
6) tank steams: uses tank to steam machine, at steam pressure 0.3MPa, carries out following steps, evacuation 1min, outer vapour decatize 4min successively, bleed off remaining vapour 1min, interior vapour decatize 3min, inside and outside balance of steam 1min, go out machine.
Embodiment four:
Dyeing pre-treatment;Choose grey cloth, and grey cloth is handled as follows successively: turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk process, machine cylinder pre-treatment, dewatered drying, openpore pre-setting, openpore are singed, wherein turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk processes and is prior art, the most here describes in detail.
1) temperature of machine cylinder pre-treatment is 130 DEG C, first addition desizing agent 3g/L, penetrating agent 0.6g/L, Caustic soda 6g/L, deoil spirit 1.2g/L, is put into by cloth, desizing agent 1g/L, penetrating agent 0.2g/L, Caustic soda 2g/L is added after 10 minutes, deoiled spirit 0.4g/L stirring, and added desizing agent 0.5g/L, penetrating agent 0.1g/L afterwards every 5 minutes, Caustic soda 1g/L, deoil spirit 0.2g/L, is incubated 5 minutes after adding for the last time, steam heats indirectly, the water inlet limit water outlet of waste discharge back, rinses 15 minutes;
2) dewatered drying uses drying with steam, and drying temperature is 135 DEG C;
3) openpore pre-setting, uses the mode of dry sizing, and temperature controls at 195 DEG C, speed 50m/min;
4) openpore is singed;Use gasoline is singed, speed 85m/min.
Dyeing;1) for light color cloth, using one-bath dyeing (dispersion dyeing), dye in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 125 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4g/L, levelling agent 1g/L, disperse dyes 5g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;
2) for middle dark cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 125 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4g/L; levelling agent 1g/L, disperse dyes 5g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 55 DEG C, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 30g/L, soda 1g/L, reactive dye 10g/Kg, is incubated 60 minutes;
3) for dark cloth, predominantly black cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls as 1:6; temperature controls at 125 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4g/L, levelling agent 1g/L; disperse dyes 5g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 100 DEG C, adds akali sulphide 20g/L, sulfur dye 20g/Kg, is incubated 40 minutes.
Dyeing post processing, carry out successively washing by the cloth after dyeing, pickling, soap, be dehydrated, shape, calendering, tank steam, wherein washing can be carried out repeatedly by arbitrary steps the most before dewatering.
1) washing: water temperature controls at 75 DEG C, and washing time is 15min, and washing times selects as required, generally 1-3 time;
2) pickling: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls as 1:6, addition glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, pickling time 10min;
3) soaping: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and adding soaping agent 1g/L, soap time 10min;
4) sizing: requiring to add softening agent 20~30g/L according to feel, setting temperature 195 DEG C, time 50s, liquid carrying rate 70~75%, speed 45m/ is divided;
5) calendering: steam direct heating, speed 40m/ divides, heating-up temperature 130 DEG C, pressure 3MPa;
6) tank steams: uses tank to steam machine, at steam pressure 0.2MPa, carries out following steps, evacuation 1min, outer vapour decatize 4min successively, bleed off remaining vapour 1min, interior vapour decatize 3min, inside and outside balance of steam 1min, go out machine.
Embodiment five:
Dyeing pre-treatment;Choose grey cloth, and grey cloth is handled as follows successively: turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk process, machine cylinder pre-treatment, dewatered drying, openpore pre-setting, openpore are singed, wherein turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk processes and is prior art, the most here describes in detail.
1) temperature of machine cylinder pre-treatment is 130 DEG C, first addition desizing agent 3g/L, penetrating agent 0.6g/L, Caustic soda 6g/L, deoil spirit 1.2g/L, is put into by cloth, desizing agent 1g/L, penetrating agent 0.2g/L, Caustic soda 2g/L is added after 10 minutes, deoiled spirit 0.4g/L stirring, and added desizing agent 0.5g/L, penetrating agent 0.1g/L afterwards every 5 minutes, Caustic soda 1g/L, deoil spirit 0.2g/L, is incubated 5 minutes after adding for the last time, steam heats indirectly, the water inlet limit water outlet of waste discharge back, rinses 15 minutes;
2) dewatered drying uses drying with steam, and drying temperature is 135 DEG C;
3) openpore pre-setting, uses the mode of dry sizing, and temperature controls at 195 DEG C, speed 50m/min;
4) openpore is singed;Use gasoline is singed, speed 85m/min.
Dyeing;1) for light color cloth, using one-bath dyeing (dispersion dyeing), dye in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.6g/L, levelling agent 2g/L, disperse dyes 20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;
2) for middle dark cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.6g/L; levelling agent 2g/L, disperse dyes 20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 65 DEG C, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 70g/L, soda 1.5g/L, reactive dye 30g/Kg, is incubated 60 minutes;
3) for dark cloth, predominantly black cloth, use two bath process (dispersion+vital staining), first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls as 1:6; temperature controls at 135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.6g/L, levelling agent 2g/L; disperse dyes 20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 100 DEG C, adds akali sulphide 30g/L, sulfur dye 30g/Kg, is incubated 40 minutes.
Dyeing post processing, carry out successively washing by the cloth after dyeing, pickling, soap, be dehydrated, shape, calendering, tank steam, wherein washing can be carried out repeatedly by arbitrary steps the most before dewatering.
1) washing: water temperature controls at 75 DEG C, and washing time is 15min, and washing times selects as required, generally 1-3 time;
2) pickling: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls as 1:6, addition glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, pickling time 10min;
3) soaping: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and adding soaping agent 1g/L, soap time 10min;
4) sizing: requiring to add softening agent 20~30g/L according to feel, setting temperature 195 DEG C, time 50s, liquid carrying rate 70~75%, speed 45m/ is divided;
5) calendering: steam direct heating, speed 40m/ divides, heating-up temperature 150 DEG C, pressure 12MPa;
6) tank steams: uses tank to steam machine, at steam pressure 0.4MPa, carries out following steps, evacuation 1min, outer vapour decatize 4min successively, bleed off remaining vapour 1min, interior vapour decatize 3min, inside and outside balance of steam 1min, go out machine.
Pass through Experimental Comparison:
Choose cloth sum Finished product passing number Product qualified rate
Original method 100 84 84
Embodiment one 100 90 90
Embodiment two 100 93 93
Embodiment three 100 97 97
Embodiment four 100 94 94
Embodiment five 100 94 94
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited merely to above-described embodiment, and all technical schemes belonged under thinking of the present invention belong to protection scope of the present invention.It should be pointed out that, for those skilled in the art, some improvements and modifications without departing from the principles of the present invention, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. an elastic force washs the dyeing of sticky cloth, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
1) dyeing pre-treatment;Choose grey cloth, and grey cloth is handled as follows successively: turn over cloth margin to seam, open width preshrunk process, machine cylinder pre-treatment, dewatered drying, openpore pre-setting, openpore are singed;
2) dyeing: carry out dyestuff according to the requirement of different colours;
3) dyeing post processing, carry out successively washing by the cloth after dyeing, pickling, soap, be dehydrated, shape, calendering, tank steam, wherein washing can be carried out repeatedly by arbitrary steps the most before dewatering.
Elastic force the most according to claim 1 washs the dyeing of sticky cloth, it is characterized in that: described machine cylinder pre-treatment is in J-type cylinder, temperature controls at 120~140 DEG C, temperature retention time 25~40 minutes, adds desizing agent 4.5~6g/L, penetrating agent 0.8~1.3g/L, Caustic soda 8~12g/L, spirit 1.5~3g/L of deoiling, steam heats indirectly, the water inlet limit water outlet of waste discharge back, rinses 10~15 minutes;
Dewatered drying uses drying with steam, and drying temperature is 130~140 DEG C;
Openpore pre-setting, uses the mode of dry sizing, and temperature controls at 190~200 DEG C, speed 50m/min;
Openpore is singed;Use gasoline is singed, speed 80~90m/min.
Elastic force the most according to claim 2 washs the dyeing of sticky cloth, it is characterized in that: the temperature of machine cylinder pre-treatment is 130 DEG C, first addition desizing agent 3g/L, penetrating agent 0.6g/L, Caustic soda 6g/L, deoil spirit 1.2g/L, cloth is put into, after 10 minutes, adds desizing agent 1g/L, penetrating agent 0.2g/L, Caustic soda 2g/L, deoil spirit 0.4g/L stirring, and added desizing agent 0.5g/L every 5 minutes afterwards, penetrating agent 0.1g/L, Caustic soda 1g/L, deoil spirit 0.2g/L, is incubated 5 minutes after adding for the last time.
4. to wash the dyeing of sticky cloth by the elastic force described in gas 1 according to right, it is characterized in that:
1) for light color cloth, using one-bath dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 125~135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4~0.6g/L, levelling agent 1~2g/L, disperse dyes 5~20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;
2) for middle dark cloth, use two bath process, first step dispersion dyeing, dye in J-type cylinder; bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 125~135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4~0.6g/L; levelling agent 1~2g/L, disperse dyes 5~20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 55~65 DEG C, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 30~70g/L, soda 1~1.5g/L, reactive dye 5~30g/Kg, is incubated 60 minutes;
3) for dark cloth, predominantly black cloth, two bath process, first step dispersion dyeing are used, dyeing in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 125~135 DEG C, adds glacial acetic acid 0.4~0.6g/L, levelling agent 1~2g/L, disperse dyes 5~20g/Kg, temperature retention time 40 minutes;Second step reduction cleaning, adds reduction cleaner 3.5g/L, and it is 80 DEG C that temperature controls, and temperature retention time, after 10 minutes, adds acid scouring agent 3g/L, and controlling temperature is 80 DEG C, cleans 5 minutes;3rd step vital staining, dyes in J-type cylinder, and bath raio controls to be 1:6, and temperature controls at 95~100 DEG C, adds akali sulphide 20~30g/L, sulfur dye 20~30g/Kg, is incubated 40 minutes.
Elastic force the most according to claim 1 washs the dyeing of sticky cloth, it is characterized in that:
In dyeing pre-treatment, dyeing, dye in last handling process, < 10 degree, PH is 7~8 to water quality requirement colourity, and < 0.1g/L, < 0.1g/L, total hardness is 9~12 to manganese to ferrum, without solid suspension.
Elastic force the most according to claim 1 washs the dyeing of sticky cloth, it is characterized in that:
1) washing: water temperature controls at 60~90 DEG C, and washing time is 10-15min, and washing times selects 1-3 time as required;
2) pickling: in J-type cylinder, bath raio controls as 1:6, addition glacial acetic acid 0.5g/L, pickling time 8~10min;
3) soap: bath raio controls to be 1:6, adds soaping agent 0.5~1.5g/L, soaps the time 8~10min;
4) sizing: requiring to add softening agent 20~30g/L according to feel, setting temperature 190~200 DEG C, the time 45~60s, liquid carrying rate 60~80%, speed 40~50m/ is divided;
5) calendering: steam direct heating, speed 40m/ divides, heating-up temperature 130~150 DEG C, pressure 3~12MPa;
6) tank steams: uses tank to steam machine, at steam pressure 0.2~0.4MPa, carries out following steps, evacuation 1min, outer vapour decatize 4min successively, bleed off remaining vapour 1min, interior vapour decatize 3min, inside and outside balance of steam 1min, go out machine.
Elastic force the most according to claim 6 washs the dyeing of sticky cloth, it is characterized in that: the liquid carrying rate 70~75% of sizing.
8. wash the dyeing of sticky cloth according to right elastic force according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: washing temperature is 75 DEG C.
CN201510032114.9A 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 Dyeing process for elastic polyester viscose fabric CN105862459A (en)

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CN106367995A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-02-01 杭州大地印染有限公司 Denim dyeing process
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CN109853266A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-06-07 浙江航民股份有限公司 A kind of production technology of TR fabric stability dispersion dyeing pH value
WO2020248928A1 (en) * 2019-06-14 2020-12-17 吴江德伊时装面料有限公司 Preparation process of fabric containing copper ammonia fibers

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