CN109623965A - A kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood - Google Patents

A kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109623965A
CN109623965A CN201910070729.9A CN201910070729A CN109623965A CN 109623965 A CN109623965 A CN 109623965A CN 201910070729 A CN201910070729 A CN 201910070729A CN 109623965 A CN109623965 A CN 109623965A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
base
plate
column
screw rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910070729.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶永青
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Huizhou Yongye Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Huizhou Yongye Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Huizhou Yongye Machinery Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Huizhou Yongye Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910070729.9A priority Critical patent/CN109623965A/en
Publication of CN109623965A publication Critical patent/CN109623965A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C5/00Machines designed for producing special profiles or shaped work, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C5/02Machines with table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C5/00Machines designed for producing special profiles or shaped work, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C5/02Machines with table
    • B27C5/06Arrangements for clamping or feeding work

Abstract

The present invention relates to horizontal Machining centers fields, specifically, it is related to a kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood, including processing assembly and double-station positioning component, processing assembly includes bar shapeds base, mobile carrier, go up and down carrier and four spindle motors, double-station positioning component includes beam base and two timber positioning mechanisms, a pushing component vertical with bar shapeds base is equipped at the top of the both ends of beam base, this equipment is controlled using advanced numerical control machining center system, cooperate precise ball screw with Multi-asis servo system, grind grade gear, rack gear, reduction gearbox, linear guide and sliding block, it is mounted on and is used through precision assembly on precision machined lathe bed.G code program import system separately is generated using programming software to use, and reduces the cumbersome and mistake of Mold Making, and by using the problem of die strip is come precision and efficiency, can greatly improve production efficiency and benefit, more substantially reduce the injury of industrial accident bring life.

Description

A kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood
Technical field
The present invention relates to horizontal Machining centers fields, and in particular, to a kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood.
Background technique
Mainly pass through in the product of woodworking production abnormity manually using commonly engraving bed and processing, as fruit product needs When fluting punching, other loom must be used to process, processing efficiency is low;Although relevant product can be produced, this Process is tedious for class processing method, and machining accuracy not can guarantee, and workpieces processing size is restricted, and productivity effect is very low, and has Very big risk.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood.
Four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood disclosed by the invention, including processing assembly and double-station positioning component, add Work component is located at the side of double-station positioning component, and processing assembly includes bar shapeds base, mobile carrier, lifting carrier and four masters Spindle motor, mobile carrier state in a vertical shape and the top that bar shapeds base is arranged in for capableing of transverse shifting, lifting carrier can The outside that mobile carrier is arranged in of vertical shift, four spindle motors are in the output of horizontally disposed and each spindle motor End is arranged towards double-station positioning component, and four spindle motors are symmetricly set on the two sides of lifting carrier in pairs, and What each spindle motor can move horizontally connect with the outside of lifting carrier, and the output shaft of all spindle motors is each perpendicular to The length direction of bar shapeds base, double-station positioning component include beam base and two timber positioning mechanisms, and beam base is located at The both ends top of the side of bar shapeds base length direction, beam base is equipped with a pushing component vertical with bar shapeds base, Two timber positioning mechanisms are separately positioned on the top of two pushing components, the bottom of two timber positioning components respectively with two The output end of pushing component connects, and timber positioning component includes three material folding cylinders and a positioning cylinder, three material folding cylinders In the length direction for being horizontally disposed with and being each perpendicular to bar shapeds base, three material folding cylinders are being arranged at intervals on pushing material component just Top, positioning cylinder is in the top for being horizontally set on pushing material component, and positioning cylinder is parallel to the length direction of bar shapeds base.
Preferably, the top of bar shapeds base is parallel and is arranged at intervals with two the first sliding rails and a rack gear, and rack gear is located at It is arranged between two the first sliding rails and close to one of them first sliding rail, the bottom of mobile carrier passes through several first sliding blocks It is slidably connected with two the first sliding rails.
Preferably, mobile carrier includes column bottom plate, column and X-axis servo motor, column bottom plate in horizontally disposed and It is connected by the first sliding block of bottom and the first sliding rail of lower section, column is in the top for being vertically arranged in column bottom plate, X-axis servo The inside of column is arranged in motor, and the underface of column bottom plate is equipped with a gear being engaged with rack, X-axis servo electricity in horizontal The output shaft of machine is connect by the way that the speed reducer of column inside bottom is arranged in gear.
Preferably, lifting carrier includes front side board, left plate, back side panel, right side plate and elevating mechanism, front side board, left side Plate, back side panel and right side plate successively join end to end rectangular mount structure, and elevating mechanism is in the side for being vertically arranged in column, and The output end of elevating mechanism and the inside of front side board are sequentially connected, and front side board is located at column close to the side of beam base, column It is all provided with along the two sides of bar shapeds base length direction there are two vertical and interval the second sliding rail, left plate and right side plate pass through respectively Several second sliding blocks are slidably connected with corresponding second sliding rail.
Preferably, elevating mechanism includes the Y-axis servo motor and Y-axis screw rod being vertically arranged, and the setting of Y-axis servo motor is vertical The top of column and its bottom output shaft pass through a first shaft coupling and connect with the top of underface Y-axis screw rod, the side of column It is provided with the upper and lower two Y-axis screw mandrel support seats for connecting for Y-axis screw both end on wall, is fixedly installed on the inside of front side board One Y-axis feed screw nut's pedestal is embedded with the Y-axis feed screw nut of Y-axis wire rod thread connection on Y-axis feed screw nut's pedestal.
Preferably, column is in be fixedly installed a balance cylinder vertically along the two sides of bar shapeds base length direction, often Side of a balance cylinder far from column is vertically arranged with a balance supporting plate, balance supporting plate top and balance cylinder it is defeated It is fixedly connected at the top of outlet, the low side that the top of left plate and right side plate balances supporting plate with two respectively is fixedly connected.
Preferably, the outside of left plate and right side plate is in that horizontally disposed there are four third sliding rail, four third sliding rail edges The setting of vertical direction interval, each spindle motor pass through the third sliding rail connection corresponding with two of a motor supporting plate, each Motor supporting plate passes through several third sliding blocks third sliding rail corresponding with two and is slidably connected, back side panel in the horizontal direction two End is fixed with two fixed plates up and down, and side of each fixed plate far from spindle motor is in be horizontally disposed with to have a push Cylinder, the output shaft of each push cylinder pass through a flake connector and connect with corresponding motor supporting plate.
Preferably, pushing component includes table base, Z axis servo motor and Z axis screw rod, and Z axis screw rod is set in level It sets at the top of table base, for Z axis screw rod perpendicular to the length direction of bar shapeds base, table base is fixed at crossbeam At the top of one end of pedestal, Z axis servo motor is arranged in side of the beam base far from bar shapeds base, and Z axis servo motor Output shaft is connect by a second shaft coupling with one end of Z axis screw rod, and the top both ends of table base, which are provided with, to be used for For the Z axis screw mandrel support seat that Z axis screw rod end is attached, also set up at the top of table base there are two being distributed in Z axis silk 4th sliding rail of bar two sides, the 4th sliding rail are parallel to Z axis screw rod, the bottom of timber positioning mechanism by several Four-sliders with Corresponding 4th sliding rail connection, the bottom of timber positioning mechanism is fixedly installed Z axis feed screw nut's pedestal, Z axis screw rod spiral shell The Z axis feed screw nut connecting with Z axis wire rod thread is embedded on female pedestal.
Preferably, the drag chain for wiring is equipped in beam base, column and bar shapeds base.
The utility model has the advantages that four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood disclosed by the invention, not only increases production efficiency, also protects The precision of workpiece is demonstrate,proved, it is double-workbench technology that solid wood horizontal Machining centers, which uses, and workpiece can be placed on different workbench Alternative expression is processed back and forth, can also be run simultaneously with double-workbench;As long as program import system is simultaneously in software programmed It chooses, system will process automatically operation automatically according to process control machine, and when double-workbench alternate run, a workbench exists Processing, another workbench then returns to safety zone feeding and blowing, and after completing the process, workbench then returns to safety Region feeding blowing, while the Working position processing of another movable workbench, constantly work alternatively back and forth and improve processing effect Rate reduces risk, this equipment is controlled using advanced numerical control machining center system, cooperates precise ball with Multi-asis servo system Screw rod, grinding grade gear, rack gear, reduction gearbox, linear guide and sliding block are mounted on through dress accurate on precision machined lathe bed With use.G code program import system separately is generated using programming software to use, and reduces the cumbersome and mistake of Mold Making, and by The problem of coming precision and efficiency using die strip, can greatly improve production efficiency and benefit, more substantially reduce industrial accident and bring Life injury.
Detailed description of the invention
The drawings described herein are used to provide a further understanding of the present application, constitutes part of this application, this Shen Illustrative embodiments and their description please are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view one of the invention;
Fig. 2 is schematic perspective view two of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view one of processing assembly in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic perspective view two of processing assembly in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view one of double-station positioning component in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the schematic perspective view two of double-station positioning component in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the sectional perspective structural schematic diagram in the present invention;
Description of symbols: bar shapeds base 1, spindle motor 2, beam base 3, timber positioning mechanism 4, pushing component 5, folder Material cylinder 6, positioning cylinder 7, rack gear 8, the first sliding rail 9, the first sliding block 10, column bottom plate 11, column 12, X-axis servo motor 13, Speed reducer 14, gear 15, front side board 16, left plate 17, back side panel 18, right side plate 19, the second sliding rail 20, Y-axis screw mandrel support seat 21, Y-axis servo motor 22, Y-axis screw rod 23, first shaft coupling 24, balance cylinder 28, balance supporting plate 29, third sliding rail 30, motor Supporting plate 31, fixed plate 33, push cylinder 34, table base 36, Z axis servo motor 37, Z axis screw rod 38, Z axis screw mandrel support seat 40, the 4th sliding rail 41, Four-slider 42, Z axis feed screw nut pedestal 43, Z axis feed screw nut 44, drag chain 45, workbench 46, fixation Part pedestal 47, quick handle 48, the 5th sliding rail 49, control switch 51, support plate 52, bar shaped profile 53, baffle 54, screw rod 55, Guide rod 56, axle sleeve 57, fixing seat 58, optical axis 59, mounting plate 60.
Specific embodiment
Multiple embodiments of the invention will be disclosed with schema below, as clearly stated, the details in many practices It will be explained in the following description.It should be appreciated, however, that the details in these practices is not applied to limit the present invention.Also It is to say, in some embodiments of the invention, the details in these practices is non-essential.In addition, for the sake of simplifying schema, Some known usual structures and component will be painted it in the drawings in simply illustrative mode.
In addition, the description for being such as related to " first ", " second " in the present invention is used for description purposes only, not especially censure The meaning of order or cis-position, also non-to limit the present invention, the component described just for the sake of difference with same technique term Or operation, it is not understood to indicate or imply its relative importance or implicitly indicates the number of indicated technical characteristic Amount." first " is defined as a result, the feature of " second " can explicitly or implicitly include at least one of the features.In addition, each Technical solution between a embodiment can be combined with each other, but must can be implemented as base with those of ordinary skill in the art Plinth will be understood that the combination of this technical solution is not present when conflicting or cannot achieve when occurs in the combination of technical solution, Also not the present invention claims protection scope within.
A kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood shown in referring to Figure 1 to Figure 7, including processing assembly and double-station positioning group Part, processing assembly are located at the side of double-station positioning component, processing assembly include bar shapeds base 1, mobile carrier, lifting carrier and Four spindle motors 2, mobile carrier state in a vertical shape and the top that bar shapeds base 1 is set for capableing of transverse shifting, lifting Carrier is capable of the outside that mobile carrier is arranged in of vertical shift, and four spindle motors 2 are in horizontally disposed and each main shaft The output end of motor 2 is arranged towards double-station positioning component, and four spindle motors 2 are symmetricly set on lifting carrier in pairs Two sides, and each spindle motor 2 can move horizontally with lifting carrier outside connect, all spindle motors 2 Output shaft is each perpendicular to the length direction of bar shapeds base 1, and double-station positioning component includes beam base 3 and two timber localization machines Structure 4, beam base 3 are located at the side of 1 length direction of bar shapeds base, are equipped with one and bar shaped at the top of the both ends of beam base 3 The vertical pushing component 5 of pedestal 1, two timber positioning mechanisms 4 are separately positioned on the top of two pushing components 5, two timber The bottom of positioning component is connect with the output end of two pushing components 5 respectively, and timber positioning component includes three 6 Hes of material folding cylinder One positioning cylinder 7, three material folding cylinders 6 are in the length direction for being horizontally disposed with and being each perpendicular to bar shapeds base 1, three folders Material cylinder 6 is arranged at intervals on the surface of pushing material component, and positioning cylinder 7 is in the top for being horizontally set on pushing material component, and fixed Position cylinder 7 is parallel to the length direction of bar shapeds base 1.The advanced number that processing assembly and pushing component 5 are equipped with by machining center Control the control of machining center system.
The top of bar shapeds base 1 is parallel and is arranged at intervals with two the first sliding rails 9 and a rack gear 8, and rack gear 8 is located at two It is arranged between first sliding rail 9 and close to one of them first sliding rail 9, the bottom of mobile carrier passes through several first sliding blocks 10 It is slidably connected with two the first sliding rails 9.Enable mobile carrier flexible by the cooperation of the first sliding block 10 and the first sliding rail 9 It is moved at the top of bar shapeds base 1.
Mobile carrier includes column bottom plate 11, column 12 and X-axis servo motor 13, column bottom plate 11 in horizontally disposed and It being connect by the first sliding block 10 of bottom with the first sliding rail 9 of lower section, column 12 is in the top for being vertically arranged in column bottom plate 11, The inside of column 12 is arranged in X-axis servo motor 13, what the underface of column bottom plate 11 was engaged equipped with one with rack gear 8 in level Gear 15, the output shaft of X-axis servo motor 13 are connect by the way that the speed reducer 14 of 12 inside bottom of column is arranged in gear 15.It is logical It crosses X-axis servo motor 13 to rotate with moving gear 15, since rack gear 8 is fixed, column bottom plate 11 can pass through the first sliding block again 10 are moved on the first sliding rail 9, therefore with the rotation of gear 15, column bottom plate 11 is able to drive column 12 at bar shaped bottom 1 cofree carry out transverse shifting of seat, so that four spindle motors 2 be driven flexibly to be moved on the length direction of rack gear 8 It is dynamic, timber is processed convenient for four spindle motors 2.
Lifting carrier includes front side board 16, left plate 17, back side panel 18, right side plate 19 and elevating mechanism, front side board 16, a left side Side plate 17, back side panel 18 and right side plate 19 successively join end to end rectangular mount structure, and elevating mechanism is in being vertically arranged in column 12 Side, and the inside of the output end of elevating mechanism and front side board 16 is sequentially connected, and front side board 16 is located at column 12 close to cross The side of beam bottom seat 3, column 12 are all provided with that there are two vertical and interval the second sliding rails along the two sides of 1 length direction of bar shapeds base 20, left plate 17 and right side plate 19 are slidably connected by several second sliding blocks with corresponding second sliding rail 20 respectively.Second is sliding The cooperation of block and the second sliding rail 20 enables lifting carrier to carry out vertical shift on column 12.
Elevating mechanism includes the Y-axis servo motor 22 and Y-axis screw rod 23 being vertically arranged, and the setting of Y-axis servo motor 22 is vertical The top of column 12 and its bottom output shaft pass through a first shaft coupling 24 and connect with the top of underface Y-axis screw rod 23, stand The upper and lower two Y-axis screw mandrel support seats 21 for connecting for 23 both ends of Y-axis screw rod are provided on the side wall of column 12, front side board 16 Inside is fixedly installed Y-axis feed screw nut's pedestal, and 23 screw thread of Y-axis screw rod is embedded on Y-axis feed screw nut's pedestal and is connected The Y-axis feed screw nut connect.Y-axis screw rod 23 is driven to rotate by Y-axis servo motor 22, due to Y-axis feed screw nut and Y-axis screw rod 23 It is threadedly engaged, and Y-axis feed screw nut pedestal is fixedly connected with the front side board 16 of lifting carrier again, makees in the limit of the second sliding rail 20 Under, it ensure that lifting carrier can be moved flexibly in the vertical direction.
Column 12 is in be fixedly installed a balance cylinder 28 vertically along the two sides of 1 length direction of bar shapeds base, each Side of the balance cylinder 28 far from column 12 is vertically arranged with a balance supporting plate 29, balances top and the Balance Air of supporting plate 29 It is fixedly connected at the top of the output end of cylinder 28, the low side that the top of left plate 17 and right side plate 19 balances supporting plate 29 with two respectively is solid Fixed connection.The flexible balance supporting plate 29 that is able to drive of the output shaft of balance cylinder 28 is moved in vertical direction, is risen for assisting Load shedding tool moves up and down on column 12.
The outside of left plate 17 and right side plate 19 is in that horizontally disposed there are four third sliding rail 30, four 30 edges of third sliding rail The setting of vertical direction interval, each spindle motor 2 are connected by a motor supporting plate 31 third sliding rail 30 corresponding with two, Each motor supporting plate 31 is slidably connected by several third sliding blocks third sliding rail 30 corresponding with two, and back side panel 18 is along water Square to both ends be fixed with up and down two fixed plates 33, each side of the fixed plate 33 far from spindle motor 2 is in water Flat to be provided with a push cylinder 34, the output shaft of each push cylinder 34 passes through a flake connector and corresponding motor support Plate 31 connects.Horizontal Working position where X-axis servo motor 13 drives four spindle motors 2 to laterally move to timber, Y-axis When servo motor 22 passes through longitudinal Working position where lifting carrier drives four spindle motors 2 to be moved to timber, accordingly Push cylinder 34 drives the spindle motor 2 close to timber to being processed by the flexible of output shaft, third sliding block and third The cooperation of sliding rail 30 ensure that motor supporting plate 31 is capable of the carry out transverse shifting of smooth smoothness, to make to be mounted on motor supporting plate 31 On spindle motor 2 be capable of smooth carry out transverse shifting.
Pushing component 5 includes table base 36, Z axis servo motor 37 and Z axis screw rod 38, and Z axis screw rod 38 is in level The top of table base 36, length direction of the Z axis screw rod 38 perpendicular to bar shapeds base 1, the fixation of table base 36 are set It is arranged at the top of one end of beam base 3, side of the beam base 3 far from bar shapeds base 1 is arranged in Z axis servo motor 37, and And the output shaft of Z axis servo motor 37 is connect by a second shaft coupling with one end of Z axis screw rod 38, table base 36 Top both ends are provided with the Z axis screw mandrel support seat 40 for being attached for 38 end of Z axis screw rod, the top of table base 36 Portion is also set up there are two the 4th sliding rail 41 for being distributed in 38 two sides of Z axis screw rod, and the 4th sliding rail 41 is parallel to Z axis screw rod 38, timber The bottom of positioning mechanism 4 is connected by several Four-sliders 42 with corresponding 4th sliding rail 41, the bottom of timber positioning mechanism 4 It is fixedly installed a Z axis feed screw nut pedestal 43, is embedded with one and 38 screw thread of Z axis screw rod on Z axis feed screw nut pedestal 43 The Z axis feed screw nut 44 of connection.Z axis screw rod 38 is driven to rotate by Z axis servo motor 37, due to Z axis screw rod 38 and Z axis screw rod Nut 44 is threadedly engaged, and Z axis feed screw nut pedestal 43 is fixedly connected with timber positioning mechanism 4 again, in Four-slider 42 and the Under the cooperation of four sliding rails 41, it ensure that timber positioning mechanism 4 is capable of the carry out transverse shifting of smooth smoothness, and the moving direction Perpendicular to mobile carrier moving direction, X-axis servo motor 13, Y-axis servo motor 22 and 37 three of Z axis servo motor are collectively formed The three-dimensional space of machining center working range.
The drag chain 45 for wiring is equipped in beam base 3, column 12 and bar shapeds base 1.Drag chain 45 for cotton covered wire, Tracheae, oil pipe are used.
Timber positioning mechanism 4 further includes a workbench 46 and three fixing piece pedestals 47, each fixing piece pedestal 47 Lower end is equipped with one for fixing piece pedestal 47 to be fixed on to the quick handle 48 at 46 top of workbench, the bottom of workbench 46 It is connect by Four-slider 42 with the 4th sliding rail 41 of lower section, the top of workbench 46 is set along the direction interval perpendicular to rack gear 8 5th sliding rail 49 there are two setting, the length direction of the 5th sliding rail 49 is perpendicular to the 4th sliding rail 41, the bottom of each fixing piece pedestal 47 Portion passes through several the 5th sliding blocks and is slidably connected with two the 5th sliding rails 49, and three fixing piece pedestals 47 are arranged at intervals on the 5th On sliding rail 49, three material folding cylinders 6 are separately positioned on the top of three fixing piece pedestals 47, and the side of workbench 46 is additionally provided with The control switch 51 acted for controlling three clamping cylinders and positioning cylinder 7.The cooperation of 5th sliding block and the 5th sliding rail 49 makes Each fixing piece pedestal 47 can freedom and flexibility carry out transverse shifting adjusting, fixing piece pedestal 47 regulates sliding the 5th After position on rail 49, which can be fixed by quick handle 48, to prevent the position of fixing piece pedestal 47 from occurring Offset.
The top of each fixing piece pedestal 47 is provided with a horizontal support plate 52, and the top of each support plate 52 is equal In the horizontally disposed bar shaped profile 53 for having one to be fixedly mounted for material folding cylinder 6, material folding cylinder 6 is fixedly mounted on bar shaped profile 53 The one end of top far from bar shapeds base 1, length direction of the length direction of bar shaped profile 53 perpendicular to the 5th sliding rail 49, bar shaped type Material 53 is fixedly installed the gear for clamping timber jointly for being matched for clamping tightly cylinder output far from one end of clamping cylinder Plate 54.After the position of three fixing piece pedestals 47 of shape adjustment of timber, timber is erected on three bar shapeds simultaneously On profile 53, the output end of positioning cylinder 7 contradicts to limit timber for one end of timber, later three material folding gas The output shaft of cylinder 6 stretches out simultaneously, compresses timber with three 54 collective effects of baffle, consequently facilitating four spindle motors, 2 pairs of wood Material is processed.
Wherein the middle part of centrally located fixing piece pedestal 47 is engraved structure, and the inside of the fixing piece pedestal 47 is in It is vertical that 52 bottom of support plate for being vertically arranged with a screw rod 55, and being located at 47 top of fixing piece pedestal is provided with several The top of the guide rod 56 of setting, all guide rods 56 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the support plate 52, the top of the fixing piece pedestal 47 It is provided with several axle sleeves 57 passed through straight down for guide rod 56, the lower end of all guide rods 56 is passed down through pair correspondingly The axle sleeve 57 answered, the upper end of screw rod 55 pass through the fixing piece pedestal 47 straight up and connect with 52 bottom of the support plate of top. The height and position of the material folding cylinder 6 can be manually adjusted by rotating screw rod 55, is only located in the middle in three material folding cylinders 6 Material folding cylinder 6 is able to carry out height adjustment, to adapt to timber of different shapes.
Positioning cylinder 7 is located at the side of outermost material folding cylinder 6, and workbench 46 is provided with along the one end in length direction One fixing seat 58, state in a vertical shape plugs that there are two optical axises 59 in fixing seat 58, and the top of two optical axises 59 is in horizontally disposed There is a mounting plate 60, positioning cylinder 7, which is in a horizontal state, is fixed at 60 top of mounting plate.The output shaft of positioning cylinder 7 can It stretches out, is contradicted with one end of timber, is defined to export the position in axis direction in positioning cylinder 7 to timber, Zhi Housan Timber is compressed complete to fix again by a clamping cylinder, is just processed with subsequent spindle motor 2.
Working principle:
Process flow of the invention is divided into following steps,
The first step first unclamps the quick handle 48 being mounted on fixing piece pedestal 47, then moves the fixing piece pedestal 47 To after suitable position, quick handle 48 is tightened completion and is fixed;
Second step is opened positioning cylinder 7, timber is put on timber positioning mechanism 4, the clamping cylinder tune that can be gone up and down To suitable height and position, one end of timber is close to positioning cylinder 7, then opens material folding cylinder 6, timber is clamped;
Third step controls Z axis servo motor 37 by system and workbench 46 is driven to move forward and backward, to drive workbench 46 It is moved to Working position;
4th step controls X-axis servo motor 13 by system and drives 12 side-to-side movement of column, and Y-axis servo motor 22 drives It goes up and down carrier to move up and down, the balance cylinder 28 of two sides helps out;
5th step controls the cooperative movement of X, Y, Z axis by system, and after reaching Working position, push cylinder 34 is by main shaft Motor 2 pushs out, and then starts spindle motor 2 and rotates with cutter, is processed to timber;
6th step, after processing is completed, workbench 46 return to home for worker's blowing and feeding to continue to process.
The upper only embodiments of the present invention, are not intended to restrict the invention.For those skilled in the art For, the invention may be variously modified and varied.All any modifications made in spirit and principles of the present invention are equal Replacement, improvement etc., should all be included within scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood, it is characterised in that: including processing assembly and double-station positioning component, processing group Part is located at the side of double-station positioning component, and processing assembly includes bar shapeds base (1), mobile carrier, lifting carrier and four masters Spindle motor (2), mobile carrier state in a vertical shape and the setting for capableing of transverse shifting go up and down and carry at the top of bar shapeds base (1) Tool is capable of the outside that mobile carrier is arranged in of vertical shift, and four spindle motors (2) are in horizontally disposed and each main shaft The output end of motor (2) is arranged towards double-station positioning component, and four spindle motors (2) are symmetricly set on lifting in pairs The two sides of carrier, and connect with the outside of lifting carrier of can moving horizontally of each spindle motor (2), all main shafts are electric The output shaft of machine (2) is each perpendicular to the length direction of bar shapeds base (1), and double-station positioning component includes beam base (3) and two A timber positioning mechanism (4), beam base (3) are located at the side of bar shapeds base (1) length direction, the both ends of beam base (3) Top is equipped with a pushing component vertical with bar shapeds base (1) (5), and two timber positioning mechanisms (4) are separately positioned on two The top of a pushing component (5), the bottom of two timber positioning components are connect with the output end of two pushing components (5) respectively, Timber positioning component includes three material folding cylinders (6) and a positioning cylinder (7), and three material folding cylinders (6) are in horizontally disposed And it is each perpendicular to the length direction of bar shapeds base (1), three material folding cylinders (6) are arranged at intervals on the surface of pushing material component, Positioning cylinder (7) is in the top for being horizontally set on pushing material component, and positioning cylinder (7) is parallel to the length of bar shapeds base (1) Direction.
2. four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the top of bar shapeds base (1) Portion is parallel and is arranged at intervals with two the first sliding rails (9) and a rack gear (8), and rack gear (8) is located between two the first sliding rails (9) And it is arranged close to one of them first sliding rail (9), the bottom of mobile carrier passes through several first sliding blocks (10) and two the One sliding rail (9) is slidably connected.
3. four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: mobile carrier includes column Bottom plate (11), column (12) and X-axis servo motor (13), column bottom plate (11) is in horizontally disposed and first by bottom slides Block (10) is connect with the first sliding rail (9) of lower section, and column (12) is in the top for being vertically arranged in column bottom plate (11), X-axis servo Motor (13) setting is engaged equipped with one with rack gear (8) in the inside of column (12), the underface of column bottom plate (11) in horizontal Gear (15), the output shaft of X-axis servo motor (13) by setting column (12) inside bottom speed reducer (14) and tooth Take turns (15) connection.
4. four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: lifting carrier includes front side Plate (16), left plate (17), back side panel (18), right side plate (19) and elevating mechanism, front side board (16), left plate (17), rear side Plate (18) and right side plate (19) successively join end to end rectangular mount structure, and elevating mechanism is in being vertically arranged in the one of column (12) Side, and the inside of the output end of elevating mechanism and front side board (16) is sequentially connected, and it is close that front side board (16) is located at column (12) The side of beam base (3), column (12) are all provided with that there are two vertical and interval the along the two sides of bar shapeds base (1) length direction Two sliding rails (20), left plate (17) and right side plate (19) are sliding with corresponding second sliding rail (20) by several second sliding blocks respectively Dynamic connection.
5. four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: elevating mechanism includes vertical The Y-axis servo motor (22) and Y-axis screw rod (23) of setting, Y-axis servo motor (22) be arranged column (12) top and its Bottom output shaft is connect by a first shaft coupling (24) with the top of underface Y-axis screw rod (23), the side wall of column (12) On be provided with up and down two for the Y-axis screw mandrel support seats (21) that are connected for Y-axis screw rod (23) both ends, the inside of front side board (16) It is fixedly installed Y-axis feed screw nut's pedestal, a Y-axis screw rod (23) is embedded on Y-axis feed screw nut's pedestal and is threadedly coupled Y-axis feed screw nut.
6. four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: column (12) is along bar shaped bottom The two sides of seat (1) length direction are in be fixedly installed a balance cylinder (28) vertically, and each balance cylinder (28) is far from vertical The side of column (12) is vertically arranged with a balance supporting plate (29), balances the defeated of the top of supporting plate (29) and balance cylinder (28) It is fixedly connected at the top of outlet, the low side that the top of left plate (17) and right side plate (19) balances supporting plate (29) with two respectively is fixed Connection.
7. four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: left plate (17) and right side The outside of plate (19) is in horizontally disposed there are four third sliding rail (30), and four third sliding rails (30) are spaced set along the vertical direction It sets, each spindle motor (2) passes through third sliding rail (30) connection corresponding with two of a motor supporting plate (31), each motor Supporting plate (31) is slidably connected by several third sliding blocks third sliding rail (30) corresponding with two, and back side panel (18) is along level The both ends in direction are fixed with two fixed plates (33) up and down, and side of each fixed plate (33) far from spindle motor (2) is equal Have a push cylinder (34) in horizontally disposed, the output shaft of each push cylinder (34) pass through a flake connector with it is corresponding Motor supporting plate (31) connection.
8. four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: pushing component (5) wraps Table base (36), Z axis servo motor (37) and Z axis screw rod (38) are included, Z axis screw rod (38) is in be horizontally set on workbench bottom The top of seat (36), perpendicular to the length direction of bar shapeds base (1), table base (36) is fixed at Z axis screw rod (38) At the top of one end of beam base (3), the side in beam base (3) far from bar shapeds base (1) is arranged in Z axis servo motor (37), And the output shaft of Z axis servo motor (37) is connect by a second shaft coupling with one end of Z axis screw rod (38), workbench bottom The top both ends of seat (36) are provided with the Z axis screw mandrel support seat (40) for being attached for Z axis screw rod (38) end, work The 4th sliding rail (41) of Z axis screw rod (38) two sides, the 4th sliding rail (41) are distributed in there are two also setting up at the top of platform pedestal (36) It is parallel to Z axis screw rod (38), the bottom of timber positioning mechanism (4) passes through several Four-sliders (42) and corresponding 4th sliding rail (41) it connects, the bottom of timber positioning mechanism (4) is fixedly installed a Z axis feed screw nut pedestal (43), Z axis feed screw nut bottom The Z axis feed screw nut (44) being threadedly coupled with Z axis screw rod (38) is embedded on seat (43).
9. four axis horizontal Machining centers of a kind of solid wood according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: beam base (3), column (12) and in bar shapeds base (1) it is equipped with the drag chain (45) for wiring.
CN201910070729.9A 2019-01-25 2019-01-25 A kind of four axis horizontal Machining centers of solid wood Pending CN109623965A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112405725A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-02-26 诸暨市鑫源机械模型有限公司 Wood moulding tensioning cutting device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112405725A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-02-26 诸暨市鑫源机械模型有限公司 Wood moulding tensioning cutting device

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