CN109620619A - A kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device - Google Patents

A kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109620619A
CN109620619A CN201910053611.5A CN201910053611A CN109620619A CN 109620619 A CN109620619 A CN 109620619A CN 201910053611 A CN201910053611 A CN 201910053611A CN 109620619 A CN109620619 A CN 109620619A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
support
leg
spring
supporting plate
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910053611.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109620619B (en
Inventor
王涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhengzhou University Third Affiliated Hospital Henan Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital
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Zhengzhou University Third Affiliated Hospital Henan Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital
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Priority to CN201910053611.5A priority Critical patent/CN109620619B/en
Publication of CN109620619A publication Critical patent/CN109620619A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109620619B publication Critical patent/CN109620619B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/009Physiotherapeutic tables, beds or platforms; Chiropractic or osteopathic tables
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/02Adjustable operating tables; Controls therefor
    • A61G13/08Adjustable operating tables; Controls therefor the table being divided into different adjustable sections
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/1225Back
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/1245Knees, upper or lower legs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0405Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs involving a bending of the knee and hip joints simultaneously
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/10Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs for feet or toes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0142Beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1253Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven
    • A61H2201/1261Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven combined with active exercising of the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • A61H2201/1642Holding means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary devices, including auxiliary stand, supporting plate, support device and back-rest means for chair, supporting plate is installed at the top of the left end of the auxiliary stand, the middle part front and rear sides of supporting plate are distributed with a square groove, positioning latch is evenly arranged in the square groove of supporting plate, support device is mounted on the right end of supporting plate, and back-rest means for chair is mounted on the left end of supporting plate;The support device includes swivel plate, support leg plate, support skid, supporting vertical plate, pedal gear and pulling mechanism;The back-rest means for chair includes backup plate, shaft, support telescopic bar, support spring, clamping mechanism and backrest.The problems such as back posture that the present invention can solve existing patient when existing leg local anaesthesia patient carries out anesthesia recovery can not be adjusted voluntarily, patient voluntarily can not be in half lying position, patient can not carry out training for recovery, patient recovery times are long.

Description

A kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device
Technical field
The present invention relates to leg recovery device field, in particular to a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device.
Background technique
As its name suggests, leg local anaesthesia is anaesthetized to the leg of patient, so that the sense of patient's body a part Feel that Nerve conduction is temporarily blocked, motor nerve conduction remains intact or have varying degree simultaneously is blocked state, when Patient needs to carry out training for recovery to patient before anaesthetizing disappearance, so that patient can restore ability to act completely.
Due to the limitation of existing restorative instrument, patient is merely able to lie down to restore in bed, this restoration methods effect Fruit is very poor, and the lying position of patient is unfavorable for the fast quick-recovery of leg, and existing leg local anaesthesia patient carries out anesthesia recovery When existing particular problem it is as follows, the back posture of patient can not be adjusted voluntarily, cause patient comfort poor, patient not can from Row is in half lying position, needs to carry out the adjustment of posture by the help of other staff, due to the limitation of existing equipment, suffers from Person can not carry out training for recovery and cause patient recovery times long.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device, it can solve existing leg The back posture of existing patient can not be adjusted voluntarily portion's local anaesthesia patient when carrying out anesthesia recovery, patient can not voluntarily be in The problems such as half lying position, patient can not carry out training for recovery, patient recovery times are long, may be implemented to leg local anaesthesia Patient be adjusted to half lying position of the most comfortable, the function that resumes training of leg carried out to patient, the back appearance with patient State can be adjusted voluntarily, patient voluntarily can be in half lying position, patient can carry out training for recovery, patient recovery times The advantages that short.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention use following technical scheme, a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device, including Auxiliary stand, supporting plate, support device and back-rest means for chair, at the top of the left end of the auxiliary stand on supporting plate is installed, hold Rotation slot is evenly arranged on the left end of supporting plate, the middle part front and rear sides of supporting plate are distributed with a square groove, the side of supporting plate Positioning latch is evenly arranged in slot, the right end of supporting plate is symmetrically arranged with sliding sliding slot, each sliding sliding slot on supporting plate Outside is provided with a pulling sliding slot, and support device is mounted on the right end of supporting plate, and back-rest means for chair is mounted on supporting plate On left end.
The support device includes swivel plate, support leg plate, support skid, supporting vertical plate, pedal gear and pulling mechanism, The left end of swivel plate is mounted on the right side of supporting plate by pin shaft, is equipped with support by pin shaft on the right side of swivel plate Leg plate, the right end bottom of support leg plate are provided with square groove, are equipped with support skid by pin shaft on the right end bottom of support leg plate, support The bottom of slide plate is connected by way of being slidably matched with the sliding sliding slot of supporting plate setting;
Supporting vertical plate is symmetrically arranged with sliding slot on being mounted at the top of the right end of support leg plate on the left side of supporting vertical plate, prop up It is respectively connected with a pedal gear in each sliding slot on support vertical plate, the rear and front end of support skid is mounted on a pulling machine Structure, when specific works, support device can be supported the leg of leg Anesthetic Patients, manually adjust pulling mechanism to the left Position enables to support skid to slide to the left, and swivel plate and support leg plate are able to carry out under the migration of support skid and turn Dynamic, so that the leg of patient can be risen with march, pedal gear can be supported the foot of patient.
The back-rest means for chair includes backup plate, shaft, support telescopic bar, support spring, clamping mechanism and backrest, is leaned on The right end of plate is located in the rotation slot of supporting plate setting, and shaft is equipped on the right end of backup plate, and shaft and supporting plate pass through sliding Cooperation is connected, and the outer end of shaft is located at the outside of supporting plate, is provided with latch in the outer end side surface of shaft, sets in the middle part of backup plate It is equipped with backup plate sliding slot, backrest is mounted in the backup plate sliding slot of backup plate;
The outer end of shaft is symmetrically distributed with clamping mechanism, and clamping mechanism is mounted on the left end top of supporting plate, backup plate Left end front and rear sides are distributed with a support telescopic bar, and support telescopic bar is mounted between supporting plate and backup plate by hinge, It is set with support spring on the outer end of support telescopic bar, when specific works, back-rest means for chair can be supported the back of patient, By pushing out clamping mechanism, the angle of backup plate is able to carry out adjusting, and support telescopic bar can be supported backup plate, backrest Mechanism is able to carry out the adjusting of position, so that the patient back to different statures is supported.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the pedal gear includes gear leg support, pedal, tramples spring With gear leg spring, the right end for keeping off leg support is connected by way of being slidably matched with the sliding slot in supporting vertical plate, keeps off the interior of leg support End is mounted on the middle part of supporting vertical plate by keeping off leg spring, and pedal is connected by hinge with the right end left side for keeping off leg support It connecing, is equipped between pedal and gear leg support and tramples spring, when specific works, the foot of patient can be trampled on pedal, Pedal can carry out the adjusting of angle automatically under the connection function of hinge, so that pedal can when support leg plate is rotated Automatically it is rotated, to fit with the foot of patient, increases the comfort of patient, the foot of patient can step down in pedal Upper carry out swing, so that patient can carry out training for recovery.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the pulling mechanism includes pull lever, blocks dynamic card holder, card holder bullet Spring and spring support, pull lever are mounted on the lateral surface of support skid, and the right end bottom of pull lever passes through the side being slidably matched Formula is connected with the pulling sliding slot on supporting plate;Knob, the left end of pull lever are provided at the top of the left end of the pull lever On be provided with square hole, block dynamic card holder and be mounted on by pin shaft in the square hole of pull lever setting, block the right end and card holder bullet of dynamic card holder The bottom of spring is connected, and the top of card holder spring sum is mounted on the top of pull lever by spring support;The dynamic card of the card It is provided with briquetting at the top of the left end of frame, blocks and is provided with trapezoidal protrusion on the right end bottom of dynamic card holder, block the trapezoidal convex of dynamic card holder It rises and is matched with the positioning latch that supporting plate is arranged, when specific works, pulling mechanism can adjust the position of support skid, so as to Support skid drives swivel plate to be rotated with support leg plate, so that the leg of patient is in the bent state risen, it is dynamic manually to press card Card holder simultaneously pulls pull lever to the left, and support skid can be synchronized and is moved to the left, after support skid is moved to suitable position, solution Except the push action for moving card holder with card, block dynamic card holder right end trapezoidal protrusion can be stuck in supporting plate setting positioning latch it Between, the position of support skid can be locked in place, and patient can also control support skid and carry out bilateral reciprocation, so that patient It carries out leg and bends and stretches exercise.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the clamping mechanism includes detent pillar, detent sleeve and set Cylinder spring, detent pillar are mounted on the top of supporting plate, and the medial surface of detent pillar is provided with circular hole, and detent sleeve passes through set Cylinder spring is mounted in the circular hole of detent pillar setting, and the medial surface of detent sleeve is evenly arranged with blocking teeth, and detent sleeve is set The blocking teeth set is matched with the latch that shaft is arranged;Fluted, detent set is uniformly arranged on the circular hole of the detent pillar Cylinder lateral surface is evenly arranged with the protrusion matched with the groove on detent pillar circular hole, is provided with and pushes away at the top of detent sleeve Block, when specific works, clamping mechanism can lock the outer end of shaft, prevent shaft from backup plate being driven to be rotated, when needing pair When backup plate carries out the adjusting of angle, the pushing block on detent sleeve is manually pushed out, the blocking teeth of detent sleeve setting can solve Except the lock out action to shaft setting latch, backup plate is pulled down to suitable angle by patient back later, and releasing pair The promotion of detent sleeve, detent sleeve can relock in shaft, on the convex block on detent sleeve and detent pillar circular hole Groove match detent sleeve can be continued twist limit, prevent detent sleeve from rotating in detent pillar.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the backrest includes telescopic mast, limited block, limiting tooth Frame is tried to stop people from fighting each other and are bonded to plate, tooth plate spring, tooth plate, and the middle part of telescopic mast is sliding with the backup plate of backup plate setting by way of being slidably matched Slot is connected, and the right end of telescopic mast is stretching structure, and having for telescopic mast is equipped with fitting frame on right side, before the left end of telescopic mast Limiting tooth is evenly arranged on side;
Limited block is located on front side of the left end of telescopic mast, and limited block is mounted on the left side of backup plate, the trailing flank of limited block It is provided with square groove, limit tooth plate is mounted in the square groove of limited block setting by tooth plate spring, and limit tooth plate and telescopic mast are arranged Limiting tooth match, the middle part leading flank for limiting tooth plate is connected with the inner end that tooth plate is tried to stop people from fighting each other, and the middle part that tooth plate is tried to stop people from fighting each other passes through The mode being slidably matched is connected with the front side wall of limited block, and when specific works, backrest can be to different sized patients' Back is supported, so that patient is in the state of the most comfortable, is manually pulled out tooth plate and is tried to stop people from fighting each other, and limit tooth plate can release pair The locking of telescopic mast upper limit tooth the position of manual adjustment telescopic mast and unclamps tooth plate and tries to stop people from fighting each other later, the fitting of telescopic mast right end Frame is at suitable position.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the upper and lower ends of the fitting frame pass through pin shaft be equipped with turn Dynamic pad, the medial surface for rotating pad are provided with fitting spring, fitting spring be mounted on the medial surface of rotation pad be bonded between frame, tool When body running, when the back of patient is leaned against on fitting frame, fitting frame is able to drive telescopic mast and carries out automatic telescopic, at this time rotation pad Also auto-steering can be carried out under the action of being bonded spring.
Above-mentioned supporting plate, swivel plate, support leg plate, backup plate are provided with flexible pad with being bonded on frame.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
One, the present invention can solve the back appearance that existing leg local anaesthesia patient carries out existing patient when anesthesia recovery State can not be adjusted voluntarily, patient voluntarily can not be in half lying position, patient can not carry out training for recovery, patient recovery times The problems such as long, may be implemented to be adjusted to the patient of leg local anaesthesia half lying position of the most comfortable, carry out leg to patient The function of resuming training, the back posture with patient can be adjusted voluntarily, patient can voluntarily be in half lying position, patient It can carry out training for recovery, the advantages that patient recovery times are short;
Two, support device is provided with pedal gear, pedal when support leg plate is rotated on pedal gear in the present invention It can be rotated automatically, to fit with the foot of patient, increase the comfort of patient, the foot of patient, which can step down in, steps on Swing is carried out on pedal, so that patient can carry out training for recovery;
Three, pulling mechanism is provided in support device of the present invention, pulling mechanism can adjust the position of support skid, so as to Support skid drives swivel plate to be rotated with support leg plate, so that the leg of patient is in the bent state risen, patient can also be controlled Support skid processed carries out bilateral reciprocation, so that patient, which carries out leg, bends and stretches exercise;
Four, the present invention is provided with back-rest means for chair, and back-rest means for chair can be supported the back of patient, by pushing out Clamping mechanism, the angle of backup plate are able to carry out adjusting, and backrest is able to carry out the adjusting of position, so as to the trouble to different statures Person back is supported.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram between auxiliary stand of the present invention and support device;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram between support leg plate of the present invention, supporting vertical plate and pedal gear;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram between auxiliary stand of the present invention, supporting plate and back-rest means for chair;
Fig. 5 is the first structure diagram between backup plate and backrest of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the second structural schematic diagram between backup plate and backrest of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Conjunction is specifically illustrating, and the present invention is further explained.It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, embodiment in the application and Feature in embodiment can be combined with each other.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device, including auxiliary stand 1, supporting plate 2, support dress 3 and back-rest means for chair 4 are set, supporting plate 2 is installed on the left end top of the auxiliary stand 1, is uniformly set on the left end of supporting plate 2 It is equipped with rotation slot, the middle part front and rear sides of supporting plate 2 are distributed with a square groove, and it is fixed to be evenly arranged in the square groove of supporting plate 2 Position latch, the right end of supporting plate 2 are symmetrically arranged with sliding sliding slot, are provided with one on the outside of each sliding sliding slot on supporting plate 2 A pulling sliding slot, support device 3 are mounted on the right end of supporting plate 2, and back-rest means for chair 4 is mounted on the left end of supporting plate 2.
The back-rest means for chair 4 includes backup plate 41, shaft 42, support telescopic bar 43, support spring 44,45 and of clamping mechanism Backrest 46, the right end of backup plate 41 are located in the rotation slot of the setting of supporting plate 2, and shaft 42 is equipped on the right end of backup plate 41, Shaft 42 is connected with supporting plate 2 by being slidably matched, and the outer end of shaft 42 is located at the outside of supporting plate 2, the outer end of shaft 42 Latch is provided on side, the middle part of backup plate 41 is provided with backup plate sliding slot, and backrest 46 is mounted on the backup plate sliding slot of backup plate 41 It is interior;
The outer end of shaft 42 is symmetrically distributed with clamping mechanism 45, and clamping mechanism 45 is mounted at the top of the left end of supporting plate 2 On, the left end front and rear sides of backup plate 41 are distributed with a support telescopic bar 43, and support telescopic bar 43 is mounted on by hinge to be held Between supporting plate 2 and backup plate 41, it is set with support spring 44 on the outer end of support telescopic bar 43, when specific works, 4 energy of back-rest means for chair Enough to be supported to the back of patient, by pushing out clamping mechanism 45, the angle of backup plate 41 is able to carry out adjusting, and support is stretched Contracting bar 43 can be supported backup plate 41, and backrest 46 is able to carry out the adjusting of position, so as to the patient to different statures Back is supported.
The clamping mechanism 45 includes detent pillar 451, detent sleeve 452 and sleeve spring 563, detent pillar 451 It is mounted on the top of supporting plate 2, the medial surface of detent pillar 451 is provided with circular hole, and detent sleeve 452 passes through sleeve spring 563 are mounted in the circular hole of the setting of detent pillar 451, and the medial surface of detent sleeve 452 is evenly arranged with blocking teeth, detent sleeve The blocking teeth of 452 settings is matched with the latch that shaft 42 is arranged;It is evenly arranged on the circular hole of the detent pillar 451 recessed Slot, 452 lateral surface of detent sleeve are evenly arranged with the protrusion matched with the groove on 451 circular hole of detent pillar, detent sleeve 452 top is provided with pushing block, and when specific works, clamping mechanism 45 can lock the outer end of shaft 42, prevent 42 band of shaft Dynamic backup plate 41 is rotated, and when needing to carry out the adjusting of angle to backup plate 41, manually pushes out pushing away on detent sleeve 452 Block, the blocking teeth that detent sleeve 452 is arranged can release the lock out action for shaft 42 being arranged latch, pass through patient back later Backup plate 41 is pulled down to suitable angle, and releases the promotion to detent sleeve 452, detent sleeve 452 can relock In shaft 42, the convex block on detent sleeve 452 is matched with the groove on 451 circular hole of detent pillar can be to detent sleeve 452 continue to twist limit, prevent detent sleeve 452 from rotating in detent pillar 451.
The backrest 46 includes telescopic mast 461, limited block 462, limit tooth plate 463, tooth plate spring 464, tooth plate Try to stop people from fighting each other 465 and fitting frame 466, the middle part of telescopic mast 461 by way of being slidably matched with backup plate 41 setting backup plate sliding slot phase Connection, the right end of telescopic mast 461 are stretching structure, and having for telescopic mast 461 is equipped with fitting frame 466, telescopic mast 461 on right side Left end leading flank on be evenly arranged with limiting tooth;
Limited block 462 is located on front side of the left end of telescopic mast 461, and limited block 462 is mounted on the left side of backup plate 41, limits The trailing flank of position block 462 is provided with square groove, and limit tooth plate 463 is mounted on the square groove of the setting of limited block 462 by tooth plate spring 464 Interior, limit tooth plate 463 is matched with the limiting tooth that telescopic mast 461 is arranged, and the middle part leading flank of limit tooth plate 463 is tried to stop people from fighting each other with tooth plate 465 inner end is connected, and try to stop people from fighting each other 465 middle part of tooth plate is connected by way of being slidably matched with the front side wall of limited block 462, When specific works, backrest 46 can be supported the back of different sized patients, so that patient is in the shape of the most comfortable State manually pulls out tooth plate and tries to stop people from fighting each other 465, and limit tooth plate 463 can release the locking to 461 upper limit tooth of telescopic mast, later The position of manual adjustment telescopic mast 461 simultaneously unclamps tooth plate and tries to stop people from fighting each other 465, and the fitting frame 466 of 461 right end of telescopic mast is at properly Position.
The upper and lower ends of the fitting frame 466 pass through pin shaft and are equipped with rotation pad 467, rotate the medial surface of pad 467 Be provided with fitting spring 468, fitting spring 468 be mounted on rotation pad 467 medial surface be bonded between frame 466, specific works When, when the back of patient is leaned against on fitting frame 466, fitting frame 466 is able to drive telescopic mast 461 and carries out automatic telescopic, turns at this time Dynamic pad 467 also can carry out auto-steering under the action of being bonded spring 468.
The support device 3 includes swivel plate 31, support leg plate 32, support skid 33, supporting vertical plate 34, pedal gear 35 It is mounted on by pin shaft on the right side of supporting plate 2 with the left end of pulling mechanism 36, swivel plate 31, the right side of swivel plate 31 Upper to be equipped with support leg plate 32 by pin shaft, the right end bottom of support leg plate 32 is provided with square groove, leads on the right end bottom of support leg plate 32 It crosses pin shaft and support skid 33, the sliding that the bottom of support skid 33 is arranged by way of being slidably matched with supporting plate 2 is installed Sliding slot is connected;
Supporting vertical plate 34 is symmetrically arranged on the left side of supporting vertical plate 34 on being mounted at the top of the right end of support leg plate 32 Sliding slot is respectively connected with a pedal gear 35 in each sliding slot in supporting vertical plate 34, and the rear and front end of support skid 33 is pacified Equipped with a pulling mechanism 36, when specific works, support device 3 can be supported the leg of leg Anesthetic Patients, manually The position for adjusting pulling mechanism 36 to the left enables to support skid 33 to slide to the left, and swivel plate 31 and support leg plate 32 are slided in support Rotation is able to carry out under the migration of plate 33, so that the leg of patient can be risen with march, pedal gear 35 can be to patient Foot be supported.
The pedal gear 35 includes gear leg support 351, pedal 352, tramples spring 353 and gear leg spring 354, keeps off leg The right end of frame 351 is connected by way of being slidably matched with the sliding slot in supporting vertical plate 34, and the inner end of gear leg support 351 passes through gear Leg spring 354 is mounted on the middle part of supporting vertical plate 34, and pedal 352 passes through hinge and the right end left side phase for keeping off leg support 351 Connection is equipped between pedal 352 and gear leg support 351 and tramples spring 353, and when specific works, the foot of patient can be trampled On pedal 352, pedal 352 can carry out the adjusting of angle automatically under the connection function of hinge, thus support leg plate 32 Pedal 352 can be rotated automatically when being rotated, and to fit with the foot of patient, increase the comfort of patient, The foot of patient, which can step down in, carries out swing on pedal 352, so that patient can carry out training for recovery.
The pulling mechanism 36 includes pull lever 361, blocks dynamic card holder 362, card holder spring 363 and spring support 364, is drawn Lever 361 is mounted on the lateral surface of support skid 33, and the right end bottom of pull lever 361 is by way of being slidably matched and support Pulling sliding slot on plate 2 is connected;Knob is provided at the top of the left end of the pull lever 361, on the left end of pull lever 361 Be provided with square hole, block dynamic card holder 362 and be mounted on by pin shaft in the square hole of the setting of pull lever 361, block dynamic card holder 362 right end and The bottom of card holder spring 363 is connected, and the top of 363 sum of card holder spring is mounted on the top of pull lever 361 by spring support 364 In portion;It is provided with briquetting at the top of the left end of the dynamic card holder 362 of the card, blocks and is provided with ladder on the right end bottom of dynamic card holder 362 Shape protrusion, the trapezoidal protrusion for blocking dynamic card holder 362 are matched with the positioning latch of the setting of supporting plate 2, when specific works, pulling mechanism 36 can adjust the position of support skid 33, so that support skid 33 drives swivel plate 31 to be rotated with support leg plate 32, so that The leg of patient is in the bent state risen, manually presses card and moves card holder 362 and pull pull lever 361,33 energy of support skid to the left It enough synchronizes and is moved to the left, after support skid 33 is moved to suitable position, releases and block the push action for moving card holder 362, card The trapezoidal protrusion of dynamic 362 right end of card holder can be stuck between the positioning latch of the setting of supporting plate 2, and the position of support skid 33 can It is locked in place, patient can also control support skid 33 and carry out bilateral reciprocation, so that patient, which carries out leg, bends and stretches exercise.
Above-mentioned supporting plate 2, swivel plate 31, support leg plate 32, backup plate 41 are provided with flexible pad with being bonded on frame 466.
When work, after patient carries out leg local anaesthesia operation, before the leg anesthesia drug effect failure of patient, patient needs The training for recovery of leg is carried out, while when patient carries out the training for recovery of leg preferably at the posture partly to lie down, this Sample, which facilitates patient Hubei, need to change training, and patient is placed into the present invention first, and the buttocks of patient leans against on supporting plate 2, Back-rest means for chair 4 can be supported the back of patient, and by pushing out clamping mechanism 45, the angle of backup plate 41 is able to carry out It adjusts, support telescopic bar 43 can be supported backup plate 41, and backrest 46 can carry out the back of different sized patients Support manually pulls out tooth plate and tries to stop people from fighting each other 465 so that patient be in the state of the most comfortable, the adjustable position for being bonded frame 466 It sets, when the back of patient is leaned against on fitting frame 466, fitting frame 466 is able to drive telescopic mast 461 and carries out automatic telescopic, turns at this time Dynamic pad 467 also can carry out auto-steering under the action of being bonded spring 468;
Support device 3 can be supported the leg of leg Anesthetic Patients, and pulling mechanism 36 can adjust support skid It is risen so that support skid 33 drives swivel plate 31 to be rotated with support leg plate 32 so that the leg of patient is in bent 33 position State, patient can also control support skid 33 carry out bilateral reciprocation so that patient carry out leg bend and stretch exercise, pedal Mechanism 35 can be supported the foot of patient, and pedal 352 can carry out angle automatically under the connection function of hinge It adjusts, so that pedal 352 can be rotated automatically when support leg plate 32 is rotated, to fit with the foot of patient, Increase patient comfort, the foot of patient, which can step down in, carries out swing on pedal 352, thus patient can carry out it is extensive Renaturation training.
The present invention, which is realized, to be adjusted to half lying position of the most comfortable to the patient of leg local anaesthesia, carries out leg to patient The function that portion resumes training solves the back posture that existing leg local anaesthesia patient carries out existing patient when anesthesia recovery It can not voluntarily adjust, patient voluntarily can not be in half lying position, patient can not carry out training for recovery, patient recovery times are long The problems such as, reach purpose.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and only illustrating for the description in above embodiments and description is of the invention Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these change and change Into all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent It defines.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device, including auxiliary stand (1), supporting plate (2), support device (3) and backrest dress Set (4), it is characterised in that: be equipped with supporting plate (2) at the top of the left end of the auxiliary stand (1), the left end of supporting plate (2) On be evenly arranged with rotation slot, the middle part front and rear sides of supporting plate (2) are distributed with a square groove, in the square groove of supporting plate (2) It is evenly arranged with positioning latch, the right end of supporting plate (2) is symmetrically arranged with sliding sliding slot, each sliding sliding slot on supporting plate (2) Outside be provided with a pulling sliding slot, support device (3) is mounted on the right end of supporting plate (2), back-rest means for chair (4) installation On the left end of supporting plate (2);Wherein:
The support device (3) includes swivel plate (31), support leg plate (32), support skid (33), supporting vertical plate (34), pedal Mechanism (35) and pulling mechanism (36), the left end of swivel plate (31) are mounted on the right side of supporting plate (2) by pin shaft, rotation It is equipped with support leg plate (32) on the right side of plate (31) by pin shaft, the right end bottom of support leg plate (32) is provided with square groove, support It is equipped with support skid (33) on the right end bottom of leg plate (32) by pin shaft, the bottom of support skid (33) is by being slidably matched Mode be connected with the sliding sliding slot that supporting plate (2) is arranged;
Supporting vertical plate (34) is symmetrical arranged on the left side of supporting vertical plate (34) on being mounted at the top of the right end of support leg plate (32) There is sliding slot, a pedal gear (35), the front and back of support skid (33) are respectively connected in each sliding slot in supporting vertical plate (34) Both ends are mounted on a pulling mechanism (36);
The back-rest means for chair (4) includes backup plate (41), shaft (42), support telescopic bar (43), support spring (44), detent machine Structure (45) and backrest (46), the right end of backup plate (41) are located in the rotation slot of supporting plate (2) setting, the right end of backup plate (41) On be equipped with shaft (42), shaft (42) and supporting plate (2) are connected by being slidably matched, and the outer end of shaft (42) is located at support The outside of plate (2) is provided with latch in the outer end side surface of shaft (42), and backup plate is provided with backup plate sliding slot, backrest in the middle part of (41) Mechanism (46) is mounted in the backup plate sliding slot of backup plate (41);
The outer end of shaft (42) is symmetrically distributed with clamping mechanism (45), and clamping mechanism (45) is mounted on the left end top of supporting plate (2) In portion, the left end front and rear sides of backup plate (41) are distributed with a support telescopic bar (43), and support telescopic bar (43) passes through hinge It is mounted between supporting plate (2) and backup plate (41), support spring (44) is set on the outer end of support telescopic bar (43).
2. a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pedal gear (35) include gear leg support (351), pedal (352), trample spring (353) and gear leg spring (354), keep off the right side of leg support (351) End is connected by way of being slidably matched with the sliding slot on supporting vertical plate (34), and the inner end of gear leg support (351) passes through gear leg bullet Spring (354) is mounted on the middle part of supporting vertical plate (34), and pedal (352) is by hinge and keeps off on the left of the right end of leg support (351) Face is connected, and is equipped between pedal (352) and gear leg support (351) and tramples spring (353).
3. a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pulling mechanism (36) include pull lever (361), block dynamic card holder (362), card holder spring (363) and spring support (364), pull lever (361) peace On the lateral surface of support skid (33), the right end bottom of pull lever (361) by way of being slidably matched with supporting plate (2) On pulling sliding slot be connected, be provided with square hole on the left end of pull lever (361), block dynamic card holder (362) and be mounted on by pin shaft In the square hole of pull lever (361) setting, the right end for blocking dynamic card holder (362) is connected with the bottom of card holder spring (363), card holder bullet Spring (363) and top be mounted on the top of pull lever (361) by spring support (364).
4. a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the clamping mechanism It (45) include detent pillar (451), detent sleeve (452) and sleeve spring (563), detent pillar (451) is mounted on supporting plate (2) on top, the medial surface of detent pillar (451) is provided with circular hole, and detent sleeve (452) is pacified by sleeve spring (563) In the circular hole of detent pillar (451) setting, the medial surface of detent sleeve (452) is evenly arranged with blocking teeth, detent sleeve (452) blocking teeth being arranged is matched with the latch that shaft (42) is arranged.
5. a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the backrest It (46) include that telescopic mast (461), limited block (462), limit tooth plate (463), tooth plate spring (464), tooth plate are tried to stop people from fighting each other (465) and pasted It closes frame (466), the middle part of telescopic mast (461) is connected by way of being slidably matched with the backup plate sliding slot of backup plate (41) setting, The right end of telescopic mast (461) is stretching structure, and having for telescopic mast (461) is equipped with fitting frame (466), telescopic mast on right side (461) limiting tooth is evenly arranged on left end leading flank;
Limited block (462) is located on front side of the left end of telescopic mast (461), and limited block (462) is mounted on the left side of backup plate (41) On, the trailing flank of limited block (462) is provided with square groove, and limit tooth plate (463) is mounted on limited block by tooth plate spring (464) (462) in the square groove being arranged, limit tooth plate (463) is matched with the limiting tooth that telescopic mast (461) is arranged, and is limited tooth plate (463) Try to stop people from fighting each other with the tooth plate inner end of (465) of middle part leading flank be connected, tooth plate try to stop people from fighting each other (465) middle part by way of being slidably matched It is connected with the front side wall of limited block (462).
6. a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the pull lever (361) it is provided with knob at the top of left end, blocks at the top of the left end of dynamic card holder (362) and is provided with briquetting, block dynamic card holder (362) Right end bottom on be provided with trapezoidal protrusion, block the positioning latch phase that the trapezoidal protrusion of dynamic card holder (362) is arranged with supporting plate (2) Cooperation.
7. a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the fitting frame (466) upper and lower ends pass through pin shaft and are equipped with rotation pad (467), and the medial surface of rotation pad (467) is provided with fitting spring (468), fitting spring (468) be mounted on rotation pad (467) medial surface be bonded between frame (466).
8. a kind of leg local anaesthesia auxiliary device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the detent pillar (451) it is uniformly arranged fluted on circular hole, detent sleeve (452) lateral surface is evenly arranged with and detent pillar (451) circular hole On the protrusion that matches of groove, detent sleeve is provided with pushing block at the top of (452).
CN201910053611.5A 2019-01-21 2019-01-21 Leg local anesthesia auxiliary device Active CN109620619B (en)

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CN110934713A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-03-31 中国人民解放军总医院 Oral cavity examination device
CN111135533A (en) * 2020-02-03 2020-05-12 梁国莉 Medical equipment for joint rehabilitation
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CN108938247A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-12-07 李芹 A kind of medical treatment Orthopeadic Surgery rehabilitation nursing auxiliary recovery bed
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CN111135533A (en) * 2020-02-03 2020-05-12 梁国莉 Medical equipment for joint rehabilitation
CN111419571A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-07-17 山东中医药大学 Rehabilitation nursing bed

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