CN109590510B - Circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment - Google Patents

Circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109590510B
CN109590510B CN201910071924.3A CN201910071924A CN109590510B CN 109590510 B CN109590510 B CN 109590510B CN 201910071924 A CN201910071924 A CN 201910071924A CN 109590510 B CN109590510 B CN 109590510B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
circuit board
mounting plate
driving mechanism
drilling
pulley
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Active
Application number
CN201910071924.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109590510A (en
Inventor
黄任龙
曾永坚
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Xuelong Nc Equipment Shenzhen Co ltd
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Xuelong Nc Equipment Shenzhen Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910071924.3A priority Critical patent/CN109590510B/en
Publication of CN109590510A publication Critical patent/CN109590510A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B41/00Boring or drilling machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/05Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of roller-ways
    • B23Q7/055Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of roller-ways some of the rollers being driven

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Drilling And Boring (AREA)
  • Perforating, Stamping-Out Or Severing By Means Other Than Cutting (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a circuit board on-line tracing code drilling device, which comprises a frame; a feeding device; the first positioning device is arranged on the rack; the drilling workbench is arranged on the rack and used for bearing the circuit board positioned by the first positioning device; the drilling device is arranged on one side of the drilling workbench; the discharging device is arranged on the frame and used for discharging the circuit board drilled by the drilling device; and the adsorption device is used for adsorbing the circuit board positioned by the first positioning device and transporting the circuit board to the drilling workbench, and is also used for adsorbing the circuit board drilled by the drilling device and transporting the circuit board to the discharging device. The circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment provided by the invention can effectively avoid the risk of damaging the circuit board due to the fact that the circuit board is too thin, and effectively improves the product yield; and the positioning precision is effectively improved, and the drilling precision of the circuit board is improved.

Description

Circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of circuit board tracing code processing, and particularly relates to circuit board online tracing code drilling equipment.
Background
In the circuit board processing industry, in order to enable each circuit board to have independent identification marks and to enable an input system to be identified in a scanning mode so as to reduce manual operation, a traceability code capable of containing the process serial number information needs to be manufactured on each short circuit board. The degree of automation of the existing circuit board traceability code drilling equipment is not high, and when a thinner circuit board (for example, the thickness is below 1 mm) is transported, the circuit board is easy to damage, so that the reject ratio of products is greatly increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an on-line traceability code drilling device for a circuit board, which aims to solve the technical problem of high product reject ratio in the prior art.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a circuit board is traced back code drilling equipment on line, include:
a frame;
the feeding device is arranged on the rack and used for feeding the circuit board;
the first positioning device is arranged on the rack and used for positioning the circuit board on the feeding device;
the drilling workbench is arranged on the rack and used for bearing the circuit board positioned by the first positioning device;
the drilling device is arranged on one side of the drilling workbench and used for drilling the circuit board on the drilling workbench;
the discharging device is arranged on the frame and used for discharging the circuit board drilled by the drilling device; the method comprises the steps of,
the adsorption device is used for adsorbing the circuit board positioned by the first positioning device and transporting the circuit board to the drilling workbench, and is also used for adsorbing the circuit board drilled by the drilling device and transporting the circuit board to the discharging device.
Further, the adsorption device comprises a linear module arranged on the frame, a mounting frame arranged on the linear module in a sliding manner, a first driving mechanism arranged on the mounting frame, and an adsorption assembly connected with the first driving mechanism and driven by the first driving mechanism to do lifting motion.
Further, loading attachment includes:
the first mounting plate is arranged on the rack;
the first roll shafts are rotatably arranged on the first mounting plate, and a first gap is formed between two adjacent first roll shafts; the method comprises the steps of,
the second driving mechanism is arranged on the first mounting plate and used for driving each first roll shaft to rotate.
Further, the first positioning device includes:
the second mounting plate is arranged on the first mounting plate;
the first sliding rail is arranged on the second mounting plate;
the first sliding block is arranged on the first sliding rail in a sliding manner;
one end of the first push plate is connected with the first sliding block, and the other end of the first push plate penetrates through the first gap and extends out of the first roll shaft to push the circuit board to move; the method comprises the steps of,
the third driving mechanism is arranged on the second mounting plate and used for driving the first push plate to move.
Further, the circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment further comprises a first pulley device for reducing friction between the circuit board and the first roller shaft, the first pulley device comprises a third mounting plate, a first pulley assembly and a fourth driving mechanism for driving the first pulley assembly to lift so as to extend or retract the surface of the first roller shaft, the third mounting plate is connected with the second mounting plate, the first pulley assembly is connected with the fourth driving mechanism, and the fourth driving mechanism is arranged on the third mounting plate.
Further, the first pulley assembly comprises a first mounting frame connected with the fourth driving mechanism, a plurality of first partition plates arranged on the first mounting frame at intervals, a plurality of first supporting plates arranged on the first partition plates at intervals, and first pulleys arranged on the first supporting plates.
Further, the discharging device comprises:
the fourth mounting plate is arranged on the frame;
the second roll shafts are rotatably arranged on the fourth mounting plate, and a second gap is formed between two adjacent second roll shafts; the method comprises the steps of,
and the fifth driving mechanism is arranged on the fourth mounting plate and used for driving each second roll shaft to rotate.
Further, the online traceability code drilling equipment of circuit board still including set up in the frame and be used for right circuit board on the discharging device carries out the second positioner who fixes a position, second positioner includes:
the fifth mounting plate is arranged on the fourth mounting plate;
the second sliding rail is arranged on the fifth mounting plate;
the second sliding block is arranged on the second sliding rail in a sliding way;
one end of the second push plate is connected with the second sliding block, and the other end of the second push plate penetrates through the second gap and extends out of the second roll shaft to push the circuit board to move; the method comprises the steps of,
and the sixth driving mechanism is arranged on the fifth mounting plate and used for driving the second push plate to move.
Further, the circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment further comprises a second pulley device for reducing friction between the circuit board and the second roll shaft, the second pulley device comprises a sixth mounting plate, a second pulley assembly and a seventh driving mechanism for driving the second pulley assembly to lift so as to extend or retract the surface of the second roll shaft, the sixth mounting plate is connected with the fifth mounting plate, the second pulley assembly is connected with the seventh driving mechanism, and the seventh driving mechanism is arranged on the sixth mounting plate.
Further, the second pulley assembly comprises a second mounting frame connected with the seventh driving mechanism, a plurality of second partition plates arranged on the second mounting frame at intervals, a plurality of second supporting plates arranged on the second partition plates at intervals, and second pulleys arranged on the second supporting plates.
The circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment provided by the invention has the beneficial effects that: compared with the prior art, the circuit board on-line traceability code drilling equipment has the advantages that the circuit board is adsorbed by the adsorption device and conveyed to the drilling workbench, and the drilled circuit board is adsorbed and conveyed to the discharging device, so that the risk of damage to the circuit board due to over-thin circuit board can be effectively avoided, and the product yield is effectively improved; and through setting up a positioner, utilize a positioner to fix a position the circuit board on the loading attachment to can effectively improve positioning accuracy, improve the drilling accuracy of circuit board.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are needed in the embodiments or the description of the prior art will be briefly described below, it being obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and that other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a three-dimensional structure of a circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a partial structure of a circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of an adsorption apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of an adsorption component according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a second perspective view of FIG. 4 at another angle;
fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a drilling platform according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is an assembly schematic diagram of a feeding device, a first positioning device and a first pulley device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an exploded view of FIG. 7;
fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a feeding device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic perspective view of a first positioning device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram showing a perspective view of a first positioning device according to another embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic perspective view of a first pulley device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 13 is an assembly schematic diagram of a discharging device, a second positioning device and a second pulley device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is an exploded view of FIG. 13;
fig. 15 is a schematic perspective view of a discharging device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 16 is a schematic perspective view of a second positioning device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 17 is a schematic diagram of a second perspective view of a second positioning device according to another embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 18 is a schematic perspective view of a second pulley device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, each reference sign in the figure:
100-frames; 20-a feeding device; 21-a first mounting plate; 22-a first roller; 23-a second drive mechanism; 231-a first motor; 232-a first driving wheel; 233-a first driven wheel; 234-a first drive belt; 24-a first gap; 25-sixth inductors; 26-seventh inductor; 30-a first positioning device; 31-a second mounting plate; 32-a first slide rail; 33-a first slider; 34-a first push plate; 341-fourth inductor; 342-a fifth inductor; 35-a third drive mechanism; 351-a second motor; 352-a second drive wheel; 353-a second driven wheel; 354-a second drive belt; 40-a drilling workbench; 41-grooves; 42-a first inductor; 50-a drilling device; 60-a discharging device; 61-a fourth mounting plate; 62-a second roller; 63-a fifth drive mechanism; 631-a third motor; 632-a third drive wheel; 633-third driven wheel; 634-a third belt; 64-a second gap; 70-an adsorption device; 71-a linear module; 72-mounting rack; 73-a first drive mechanism; a 74-adsorption assembly; 741-scaffold; 742-adsorption plate; 743-connecting rod; 744-elastic member; 80-a first pulley arrangement; 81-a third mounting plate; 82-a first pulley assembly; 821-a first mounting frame; 822-a first separator; 823-a first support plate; 824-first pulley; 83-fourth drive mechanism; 90-a second positioning device; 91-a fifth mounting plate; 92-a second slide rail; 93-a second slider; 94-a second push plate; 95-sixth drive mechanism; 951-fourth motor; 952-fourth drive wheel; 953-fourth driven wheel; 954-a fourth belt; 96-third slider; 97-third push plate; 10-a second pulley arrangement; 11-a sixth mounting plate; 12-a second pulley assembly; 121-a second mounting frame; 122-a second separator; 123-a second support plate; 124-a second pulley; 13-seventh drive mechanism.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems, technical schemes and beneficial effects to be solved more clear, the invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "mounted" or "disposed" on another element, it can be directly on the other element or be indirectly on the other element. When an element is referred to as being "connected to" another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or be indirectly connected to the other element.
It is to be understood that the terms "length," "width," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are merely for convenience in describing and simplifying the description based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like, are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying a relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defining "a first" or "a second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more such feature. In the description of the present invention, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more, unless explicitly defined otherwise.
Referring to fig. 1 to 2, the on-line traceback code drilling device for a circuit board provided by the present invention will now be described. The circuit board on-line traceability code drilling equipment comprises a frame 100, a feeding device 20, a first positioning device 30, a drilling workbench 40, a drilling device 50, a discharging device 60 and an adsorption device 70. The feeding device 20 is disposed on the frame 100 and is used for feeding the circuit board, so that the circuit board in the previous process flows in. The first positioning device 30 is disposed on the frame 100 and is used for positioning a circuit board on the feeding device 20, so that the circuit board can be precisely fixed at a preset position, and further the adsorption device 70 can directly convey the circuit board on the feeding device 20 onto the drilling workbench 40 without positioning again, thereby improving the drilling accuracy. The drilling platform 40 is disposed on the frame 100 and is used for carrying the circuit board positioned by the first positioning device 30. The drilling device 50 is disposed at one side of the drilling table 40 and is used for drilling the circuit board on the drilling table 40. The discharging device 60 is disposed on the frame 100 and is used for discharging the circuit board drilled by the drilling device 50, so that the drilled circuit board continues to flow into the next process. The adsorption device 70 is used for adsorbing the circuit board positioned by the first positioning device 30 and carrying the circuit board to the drilling workbench 40, and is also used for adsorbing the circuit board drilled by the drilling device 50 and carrying the circuit board to the discharging device 60, and the risk of damaging the circuit board due to the fact that the circuit board is too thin can be effectively avoided through the adsorption of the adsorption device 70. The feeding device 20, the drilling table 40, and the discharging device 60 are sequentially disposed along the conveying direction of the circuit board.
The circuit board on-line traceability code drilling equipment is an on-line drilling machine, can be connected into a factory MES (Manufacturing Execution System ) system through a network, can be produced according to the requirement of a system instruction, and is matched with upgrading and reconstruction of the factory intelligent manufacturing industry.
Compared with the prior art, the circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment provided by the invention has the advantages that the adsorption device 70 adsorbs the circuit board and conveys the circuit board to the drilling workbench 40, and the drilled circuit board is adsorbed and conveyed to the discharging device 60, so that the risk of damage to the circuit board caused by over-thin circuit board can be effectively avoided, and the product yield is effectively improved; and through setting up a positioner 30, utilize a positioner 30 to fix a position the circuit board on the loading attachment 20 to can effectively improve positioning accuracy, improve the drilling accuracy of circuit board.
Further, referring to fig. 3, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, the adsorbing device 70 includes a linear module 71, a mounting frame 72, a first driving mechanism 73 and an adsorbing assembly 74. The linear module 71 is mounted on the frame 100, and the mounting frame 72 is slidably disposed on the linear module 71 along the direction of the linear module 71. The first driving mechanism 73 is provided on the mounting frame 72. The suction member 74 is connected to the first driving mechanism 73 and driven by the first driving mechanism 73 to perform a lifting movement. When the circuit board needs to be carried, the first driving mechanism 73 drives the suction assembly 74 to descend so that the suction assembly 74 approaches and contacts the circuit board, thereby sucking the circuit board. After the circuit board is sucked, the first driving mechanism 73 drives the suction assembly 74 to rise again, so that the suction assembly 74 drives the circuit board to rise, and the mounting frame 72 slides along the linear module 71 to carry the circuit board to the next station. Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first driving mechanism 73 is an air cylinder, and it should be noted that the arrangement of the first driving mechanism 73 is not limited to this, and for example, in other preferred embodiments of the present invention, the first driving mechanism 73 may be a linear motor.
Further, referring to fig. 3, as a specific embodiment of the on-line traceability code drilling apparatus for circuit board provided by the present invention, the adsorption devices 70 are arranged in two groups, so that the circuit board on the feeding device 20 can be synchronously carried to the drilling workbench 40 and the circuit board on the drilling workbench 40 can be carried to the discharging device 60, thereby avoiding waiting time for feeding and discharging, and further improving the production efficiency to the greatest extent and simplifying the structure.
Further, referring to fig. 4, as an embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling apparatus provided by the present invention, the adsorption assembly 74 includes a bracket 741, an adsorption plate 742, a connecting rod 743 and an elastic member 744. The bracket 741 is connected to the first driving mechanism 73. The adsorption plate 742 is used to be connected to a vacuum pump (not shown) to suck or release the circuit board. One end of the connecting rod 743 is connected to the bracket 741, and the other end is connected to the adsorption plate 742. The elastic member 744 is sleeved on the connecting rod 743, and two ends of the elastic member are respectively elastically abutted against the adsorption plate 742 and the bracket 741, and the arrangement of the elastic member 744 can effectively improve the speed of the adsorption plate 742 when rising. Preferably, the adsorption plate 742 is provided in two spaced apart arrangement, so that weight can be effectively reduced.
Further, referring to fig. 5, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, the adsorption board 742 is divided into a plurality of independent areas, and each area is provided with a vacuum switch (not shown) for controlling on-off of vacuum gas in each area. By dividing the adsorption plate 742 into a plurality of regions independent of each other, when the adsorption plate is used for adsorbing circuit boards with different sizes, the unused regions can be selectively closed, so that damage is avoided.
Further, referring to fig. 6, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, a plurality of grooves 41 are provided on the top surface of the drilling table 40 at intervals, and when the adsorption device 70 contacts with the drilling table 40, the grooves 41 can reduce the acting force of the adsorption device 70 on the drilling table 40, and prolong the service life of the drilling table 40.
Further, referring to fig. 6, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, a first sensor 42 for sensing whether the drilling workbench 40 is filled is disposed on the drilling workbench 40, and when the first sensor 42 senses that the drilling workbench 40 is filled, the drilling device 50 descends and drills holes on the circuit board. Preferably, the first sensor 42 may be a reflective sensor.
Further, referring to fig. 7 to 9, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, the feeding device 20 includes a first mounting plate 21, a plurality of first roller shafts 22, and a second driving mechanism 23. The first mounting plate 21 is disposed on the frame 100. The plurality of first roller shafts 22 are rotatably disposed on the first mounting plate 21, and a first gap 24 is formed between two adjacent first roller shafts 22. The second driving mechanism 23 is disposed on the first mounting plate 21 and is used for driving each first roller 22 to rotate. Preferably, the second driving mechanism 23 includes a first motor 231, a first driving wheel 232 disposed on an output shaft of the first motor 231, a first driven wheel 233 sleeved on each first roller shaft 22, and a first transmission belt 234 for connecting the first driving wheel 232 and the first driven wheel 233.
Further, referring to fig. 10 to 11, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, the first positioning device 30 includes a second mounting plate 31, a first sliding rail 32, a first sliding block 33, a first push plate 34, and a third driving mechanism 35. The second mounting plate 31 is provided on the first mounting plate 21. The first slide rail 32 is disposed on the second mounting plate 31. The first slider 33 is slidably disposed on the first slide rail 32. A first push plate 34 having one end connected to the first slider 33 and the other end passing through the first gap 24 and protruding out of the first roller shaft 22 to push the circuit board to move. The third driving mechanism 35 is provided on the second mounting plate 31 and is used for driving the first push plate 34 to move. When the circuit board needs to be positioned, the third driving mechanism 35 drives the first push plate 34 to move, at this time, the first push plate 34 drives the first sliding block 33 to move along one side of the first sliding rail 32, when the first push plate 34 contacts one side of the circuit board, the first push plate 34 can push the circuit board to move towards one side of the feeding device 20 until the other side of the circuit board contacts one side of the feeding device 20, so that the edge positioning of the circuit board is realized, the circuit board is positioned by utilizing one side of the feeding device 20, the circuit boards with different sizes can be positioned according to the same standard, and the stroke of the drilling machine can be reduced to the greatest extent when the subsequent drilling device 50 works. Specifically, in the present embodiment, the third driving mechanism 35 includes a second motor 351, a second driving wheel 352 disposed on an output shaft of the second motor 351, and a second driven wheel 353 in driving connection with the second driving wheel 352 via a second driving belt 354, and the first push plate 34 is connected with the second driving belt 354.
Further, referring to fig. 12, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board online traceback code drilling apparatus provided by the present invention, the circuit board online traceback code drilling apparatus further includes a first pulley device 80 for reducing friction between the circuit board and the first roller shaft 22. The first pulley device 80 includes a third mounting plate 81, a first pulley assembly 82, and a fourth driving mechanism 83 for driving the first pulley assembly 82 to rise and fall to extend or retract the surface of the first roller shaft 22, the third mounting plate 81 is connected with the second mounting plate 31, the first pulley assembly 82 is connected with the fourth driving mechanism 83, and the fourth driving mechanism 83 is disposed on the third mounting plate 81. When the circuit board needs to be positioned, first, the fourth driving mechanism 83 drives the first pulley assembly 82 to ascend, so that the first pulley assembly 82 extends out of the upper portion of the first roller shaft 22, and the circuit board is transported by using the first pulley assembly 82, so that the condition that the circuit board is directly contacted with the first roller shaft 22 to cause larger abrasion of the circuit board is avoided. In the present embodiment, the fourth driving mechanism 83 is preferably a linear motor, and it should be noted that the arrangement of the fourth driving mechanism 83 is not limited to this, and for example, in other preferred embodiments of the present invention, the fourth driving mechanism 83 may be an air cylinder.
Further, referring to fig. 12, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, the first pulley assembly 82 includes a first mounting frame 821 connected to the fourth driving mechanism 83, a plurality of first partition plates 822 arranged on the first mounting frame 821 at intervals, a plurality of first support plates 823 arranged on each first partition plate 822 at intervals, and a first pulley 824 arranged on each first support plate 823. Through the setting of first pulley 824 for the circuit board can be on first pulley 824 remove, effectively reduces the friction of circuit board, improves the quality of circuit board.
Further, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the invention, the feeding device 20 is provided with a second sensor (not shown in the figure) for sensing whether the feeding device 20 is fed or not, and a third sensor (not shown in the figure) for sensing whether the circuit board reaches a preset position or not, and when the second sensor senses that the feeding device 20 is fed or not, the first pulley device 80 is lifted; the circuit board continues to be conveyed forward, the circuit board is located on the first pulley device 80, and when the third sensor senses the circuit board, the third driving mechanism 35 drives the first pushing plate 34 to move along one side of the feeding device 20, and the first pushing plate 34 pushes the circuit board to move and position. Preferably, the second sensor and the third sensor are both reflective sensors.
Further, referring to fig. 10 to 11, as a specific embodiment of the on-line traceback code drilling device for a circuit board provided by the present invention, a fourth sensor 341 and a fifth sensor 342 are disposed on the first push plate 34, a sixth sensor 21 and a seventh sensor 27 are disposed on one side of the feeding device 20, when signals of the fourth sensor 341 and the sixth sensor 21 change simultaneously, the third driving mechanism 35 decelerates to slow down the moving speed of the circuit board, and when signals of the fifth sensor 342 and the seventh sensor 27 change simultaneously, it is indicated that the circuit board has reached a designated position, the third driving mechanism 35 is controlled to stop, so that the circuit board stops moving, and positioning of the circuit board is further achieved.
Further, referring to fig. 12 to 15, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, the discharging device 60 includes a fourth mounting plate 61, a plurality of second rollers 62, and a fifth driving mechanism 63. The fourth mounting plate 61 is provided on the frame 100. The plurality of second roller shafts 62 are rotatably disposed on the fourth mounting plate 61, and a second gap 64 is formed between two adjacent second roller shafts 62. The fifth driving mechanism 63 is disposed on the fourth mounting plate 61 and is used for driving each second roller shaft 62 to rotate. Preferably, the fifth driving mechanism 63 includes a third motor 631, a third driving wheel 632 disposed on an output shaft of the third motor 631, a third driven wheel 633 sleeved on each second roller shaft 62, and a third transmission belt 634 for connecting the third driving wheel 632 and the third driven wheel 633.
Further, referring to fig. 16 to 17, as a specific embodiment of the on-line traceback code drilling apparatus for a circuit board provided by the present invention, the on-line traceback code drilling apparatus for a circuit board further includes a second positioning device 90 disposed on the frame 100 and used for positioning the circuit board on the discharging device 60. The second positioning device 90 can meet the position requirement of the next procedure on the circuit board. The second positioning device 90 includes a fifth mounting plate 91, a second slide rail 92, a second slider 93, a second push plate 94, and a sixth drive mechanism 95. The fifth mounting plate 91 is provided on the fourth mounting plate 61. The second slide rail 92 is provided on the fifth mounting plate 91. The second slider 93 is slidably disposed on the second slide rail 92. One end of the second push plate 94 is connected to the second slider 93, and the other end passes through the second gap 64 and protrudes out of the second roller shaft 62 to push the circuit board to move. A sixth drive mechanism 95 is provided on the fifth mounting plate 91 and is used to drive the second push plate 94 for movement. When the circuit board needs to be positioned, the second push plate 94 is driven by the fifth driving mechanism 63 to move, at this time, the second push plate 94 drives the second sliding block 93 to slide along one side of the second sliding rail 92, and when the second push plate 94 contacts one side of the circuit board, the second push plate 94 pushes the circuit board to move towards one side of the discharging device 60 until the other side of the circuit board contacts one side of the discharging device 60, so that edge positioning of the circuit board is realized. Specifically, in the present embodiment, the sixth driving mechanism 95 includes a fourth motor 951, a fourth driving wheel 952 provided on an output shaft of the fourth motor 951, and a fourth driven wheel 953 drivingly connected to the fourth driving wheel 952 via a fourth transmission belt 954, and the second push plate 94 is connected to the fourth transmission belt 954. It should be noted that the positioning manner of the circuit board is not limited thereto, and for example, in another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the circuit board may be centered. Through additionally adding the third slider 96 on the second slide rail 92, be connected with the third push pedal 97 on this third slider 96, this second push pedal 94 and third push pedal 97 are connected with the both sides of fourth drive belt 954 respectively to can realize that second push pedal 94 and third push pedal 97 are moved towards being close to each other or the direction that is kept away from each other, thereby realize the centering of circuit board.
Further, referring to fig. 18, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board online traceback code drilling apparatus provided by the present invention, the circuit board online traceback code drilling apparatus further includes a second pulley device 10 for reducing friction between the circuit board and the second roller shaft 62. The second pulley device 10 includes a sixth mounting plate 11, a second pulley assembly 12, and a seventh driving mechanism 13 for driving the second pulley assembly 12 to ascend and descend to extend or retract the surface of the second roller shaft 62, the sixth mounting plate 11 is connected to the fifth mounting plate 91, the second pulley assembly 12 is connected to the seventh driving mechanism 13, and the seventh driving mechanism 13 is provided on the sixth mounting plate 11. When the circuit board needs to be positioned, first, the seventh driving mechanism 13 drives the second pulley assembly 12 to ascend, so that the second pulley assembly 12 extends above the second roller shaft 62, and the circuit board is transported by using the second pulley assembly 12, so that the condition that the circuit board is worn greatly due to direct contact between the circuit board and the second roller shaft 62 is avoided. In the present embodiment, the seventh driving mechanism 13 is preferably a linear motor, and it should be noted that the arrangement of the seventh driving mechanism 13 is not limited to this, and for example, in other preferred embodiments of the present invention, the seventh driving mechanism 13 may be a cylinder.
Further, referring to fig. 18, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, the second pulley assembly 12 includes a second mounting frame 121 connected to the seventh driving mechanism 13, a plurality of second partition plates 122 disposed on the second mounting frame 121 at intervals, a plurality of second support plates 123 disposed on each second partition plate 122 at intervals, and a second pulley 124 disposed on each second support plate 123. Through the setting of second pulley 124 for the circuit board can be on second pulley 124 removal, effectively reduces the friction of circuit board, improves the quality of circuit board.
Further, referring to fig. 13, as a specific embodiment of the circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device provided by the present invention, an eighth sensor (not shown in the drawing) is provided at one end of the discharging device 60, a ninth sensor (not shown in the drawing) is provided at the other end of the discharging device 60, and when the signal of the eighth sensor changes, the second pulley device 10 can be driven to rise at this time, and when the signal of the ninth sensor changes, the discharging is completed. Preferably, the eighth sensor and the ninth sensor are reflective sensors.
The foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the invention is not intended to be limiting, but rather is intended to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and principles of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. Circuit board on-line traceability code drilling equipment, its characterized in that includes:
a frame;
the feeding device is arranged on the rack and used for feeding the circuit board;
the first positioning device is arranged on the rack and used for positioning the circuit board on the feeding device;
the drilling workbench is arranged on the rack and used for bearing the circuit board positioned by the first positioning device;
the drilling device is arranged on one side of the drilling workbench and used for drilling the circuit board on the drilling workbench;
the discharging device is arranged on the frame and used for discharging the circuit board drilled by the drilling device; the method comprises the steps of,
the adsorption device is used for adsorbing the circuit board positioned by the first positioning device and transporting the circuit board to the drilling workbench, and is also used for adsorbing the circuit board drilled by the drilling device and transporting the circuit board to the discharging device;
the adsorption device comprises a linear module, a mounting rack, a first driving mechanism and an adsorption assembly, wherein the linear module is mounted on the rack, the mounting rack is arranged on the linear module in a sliding mode, the first driving mechanism is arranged on the mounting rack, and the adsorption assembly is connected with the first driving mechanism and driven by the first driving mechanism to do lifting motion;
the loading attachment includes:
the first mounting plate is arranged on the rack;
the first roll shafts are rotatably arranged on the first mounting plate, and a first gap is formed between two adjacent first roll shafts;
the first positioning device includes: the second mounting plate is arranged on the first mounting plate;
the circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment further comprises a first pulley device used for reducing friction between the circuit board and the first roller shaft, the first pulley device comprises a third mounting plate, a first pulley assembly and a fourth driving mechanism used for driving the first pulley assembly to lift so as to extend or retract the surface of the first roller shaft, the third mounting plate is connected with the second mounting plate, the first pulley assembly is connected with the fourth driving mechanism, and the fourth driving mechanism is arranged on the third mounting plate;
the first pulley assembly comprises a first mounting frame connected with the fourth driving mechanism, a plurality of first partition plates arranged on the first mounting frame at intervals, a plurality of first supporting plates arranged on the first partition plates at intervals, and first pulleys arranged on the first supporting plates.
2. The circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device of claim 1, wherein: the loading attachment still includes:
the second driving mechanism is arranged on the first mounting plate and used for driving each first roll shaft to rotate.
3. The circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device of claim 2, wherein: the first positioning device further includes:
the first sliding rail is arranged on the second mounting plate;
the first sliding block is arranged on the first sliding rail in a sliding manner;
one end of the first push plate is connected with the first sliding block, and the other end of the first push plate penetrates through the first gap and extends out of the first roll shaft to push the circuit board to move; the method comprises the steps of,
the third driving mechanism is arranged on the second mounting plate and used for driving the first push plate to move.
4. The circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device of claim 1, wherein: the discharging device comprises:
the fourth mounting plate is arranged on the frame;
the second roll shafts are rotatably arranged on the fourth mounting plate, and a second gap is formed between two adjacent second roll shafts; the method comprises the steps of,
and the fifth driving mechanism is arranged on the fourth mounting plate and used for driving each second roll shaft to rotate.
5. The circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device of claim 4, wherein: the online traceability code drilling equipment of circuit board still including set up in the frame and be used for right circuit board on the discharging device carries out the second positioner who fixes a position, second positioner includes:
the fifth mounting plate is arranged on the fourth mounting plate;
the second sliding rail is arranged on the fifth mounting plate;
the second sliding block is arranged on the second sliding rail in a sliding way;
one end of the second push plate is connected with the second sliding block, and the other end of the second push plate penetrates through the second gap and extends out of the second roll shaft to push the circuit board to move; the method comprises the steps of,
and the sixth driving mechanism is arranged on the fifth mounting plate and used for driving the second push plate to move.
6. The circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device of claim 5, wherein: the circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment further comprises a second pulley device used for reducing friction between the circuit board and the second roll shaft, the second pulley device comprises a sixth mounting plate, a second pulley assembly and a seventh driving mechanism used for driving the second pulley assembly to lift so as to extend or retract the surface of the second roll shaft, the sixth mounting plate is connected with the fifth mounting plate, the second pulley assembly is connected with the seventh driving mechanism, and the seventh driving mechanism is arranged on the sixth mounting plate.
7. The circuit board on-line traceback code drilling device of claim 6, wherein: the second pulley assembly comprises a second mounting frame connected with the seventh driving mechanism, a plurality of second partition plates arranged on the second mounting frame at intervals, a plurality of second supporting plates arranged on the second partition plates at intervals, and second pulleys arranged on the second supporting plates.
CN201910071924.3A 2019-01-25 2019-01-25 Circuit board on-line tracing code drilling equipment Active CN109590510B (en)

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CN113681078B (en) * 2021-09-02 2023-12-29 苏州市通达自动扶梯配件厂 Automatic reaming device for step chain sliding roller
CN114013960A (en) * 2021-10-15 2022-02-08 深圳市升达康科技有限公司 Full-automatic PCB bores ink recorder

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