CN109316299A - A kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed - Google Patents

A kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109316299A
CN109316299A CN201811324438.XA CN201811324438A CN109316299A CN 109316299 A CN109316299 A CN 109316299A CN 201811324438 A CN201811324438 A CN 201811324438A CN 109316299 A CN109316299 A CN 109316299A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bed
plate
skeleton
seat plate
connect
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811324438.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张承瑞
闫先冲
彭椿皓
刘文金
胡天亮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong University
Original Assignee
Shandong University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University filed Critical Shandong University
Priority to CN201811324438.XA priority Critical patent/CN109316299A/en
Publication of CN109316299A publication Critical patent/CN109316299A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/006Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs convertible to stretchers or beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • A61G5/1067Arrangements for adjusting the seat adjusting the backrest relative to the seat portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/0005Means for bathing bedridden persons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing beds, including sliceable bed body portion and wheelchair portion, the sliceable bed surface for constituting nursing bed in the bed body portion and wheelchair portion, the bed body portion includes bed skeleton, bed board elevating mechanism is fixed on the bed skeleton, the bed board elevating mechanism is connect with bed board, transfer device is also slidably connected on the bed skeleton, the wheelchair portion includes seat plate, the seat plate both ends are rotatably connected to backboard and leg plate, the leg plate and sole are rotatablely connected, the seat plate is connected on bottom plate by seat plate elevating mechanism, the backboard is connect with the first driving mechanism being mounted on seat plate, the leg plate is connect with the second driving mechanism being mounted on bottom plate, the sole is connect with the third driving mechanism being mounted on leg plate, the bottom plate is connect with walking mechanism, nursing bed of the invention reduces nursing The labor intensity of personnel meets the requirement of patient's usage comfort, facilitates the rehabilitation of patient.

Description

A kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed
Technical field
The present invention relates to medical treatment and nursing appliance technologies, and in particular to a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed.
Background technique
Wheelchair is the important vehicles for assisting disabled person or patient's walking, rehabilitation, currently, for long-term disease confined to bed Wheelchair function designed by people or handicapped patients is single, most of demand for being only able to satisfy user's position transfer, and because of structure Fixation can not change, so that the process of patient's wheelchair up and down is cumbersome, so needing the keeping an eye on to one of one or several nurses As family bring certain economic pressures, moreover, in existing wheelchair use process, patient or disabled person are moved to disease from wheelchair It is moved on bed or from hospital bed on wheelchair and other staff is needed to lift patient or disabled person, transfer is inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
It is convenient the purpose of the present invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, providing a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed The transfer of patient or disabled person between hospital bed and wheelchair, and wheelchair can satisfy the demand of patient's difference sitting and lying posture, function Diversified higher, high reliablity.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed, including sliceable bed body portion and wheelchair portion, the bed body portion and wheelchair portion can It is spliced to form the bed surface of nursing bed, the bed body portion includes bed skeleton, and bed board elevating mechanism is fixed on the bed skeleton, described Bed board elevating mechanism is connect with bed board, transfer device is also slidably connected on the bed skeleton, for turning to patient It moves, the wheelchair portion includes seat plate, and the seat plate both ends are rotatably connected to backboard and leg plate, and the leg plate and sole rotation connect It connects, the seat plate is connected on bottom plate by seat plate elevating mechanism, the backboard and the first driving mechanism being mounted on seat plate Connection, the first driving mechanism can drive backboard relative to the rotation of seat plate, the leg plate and the second driving machine being mounted on bottom plate Structure connection, the second driving mechanism can driving leg plate with respect to seat plate rotation, the sole be mounted on leg plate third driving Mechanism connection, the third driving mechanism can drive sole relative to the rotation of leg plate, and the bottom plate is connect with walking mechanism, row Walk the movement of mechanism driving bottom plate.
Further, the bed skeleton includes the skeleton frame and frame board for being distributed L-type disposed in parallel up and down, the skeleton Plate and skeleton frame are fixed on multiple stabilizer blades, and frame board and skeleton frame include vertical the first skeleton portion and the second skeleton portion, The head of a bed is fixed at first skeleton portion outer ledge of skeleton frame, at the outer ledge in the second skeleton portion of frame board and skeleton frame It is fixed with sliding rail, the bed board elevating mechanism is fixed on the both ends of frame board.
Further, the bed board elevating mechanism includes first motor, the output shaft of the first motor and the first lead screw It connecting, the first sliding block is installed on first lead screw, first sliding block is connect with the first staggered form lifting rod mechanism, and first Staggered form lifting rod mechanism is connect with bed board, drives the elevating movement of bed board, and the bed board is the L to match with skeleton frame shape Type, bed board are equipped with opening, and opening is rotatably connected to the first hair washing plate, is provided with and is filled with water immediately below the first hair washing plate Case, the water box are fixed in the first skeleton portion of frame board.
Further, the transfer device includes vertical transfer device and lateral transfer mechanisms, the vertical transfer device Using the first chain-drive mechanism, first chain-drive mechanism is fixed in vertical beam, the vertical beam bottom by the sliding rail with Bed skeleton is slidably connected, and first chain-drive mechanism is connect with lateral transfer mechanisms, drives the fortune up and down of lateral transfer mechanisms Dynamic, the lateral transfer mechanisms use the second chain-drive mechanism, and second chain-drive mechanism is fixed in crossbeam, the crossbeam By the transmission chain link of crossbeam connector and the first chain-drive mechanism, it is equipped on the transmission chain of second chain-drive mechanism Hook, for hanging patient.
Further, the seat plate elevating mechanism is fixed on first elevating mechanism and the second elevating mechanism at bottom plate both ends, First elevating mechanism uses the first electric pushrod, and one end of first electric pushrod and bottom plate are hinged, the other end and seat The end that plate connects backboard side is hinged, and second elevating mechanism includes the second motor, second motor output shaft and the Two lead screws connect, and the second sliding block is equipped on second lead screw, and second sliding block and the second staggered form lifting rod mechanism connect It connects, the second staggered form lifting rod mechanism and seat plate end are rotatablely connected.
Further, first driving mechanism includes the second electric pushrod, second electric pushrod one end and push rod Bracket is hinged, and the other end is hinged with backboard, and the pusher bar support is fixed on the bottom face of seat plate.
Further, second driving mechanism uses third electric pushrod, third electric pushrod one end and bottom plate Hingedly, the other end and leg plate are hinged.
Further, the third driving mechanism includes the 4th electric pushrod, described 4th electric pushrod one end and push plate Hingedly, the other end and connecting rod one end are hinged, and the other end and sole of connecting rod are hinged, and the connecting rod is also hinged with link supports bar, The link supports bar is fixed on leg plate.
Further, the backboard side is fixed with third motor, and the output shaft and handrail shaft of the third motor are solid It is fixed to connect, handrail is fixedly connected in the handrail shaft, the third motor can drive the rotation of handrail, turn on the handrail It is dynamic to be connected with desktop.
Further, the backboard top is equipped with opening, and the opening is rotatably connected to the second hair washing plate, the seat plate It is equipped with just mouth, just bedpan stand is fixed on the seat plate bottom face below mouth, is placed with bedpan in the bedpan stand.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1. wheelchair portion of the invention has the first driving mechanism, the second driving mechanism and third driving mechanism, backboard can phase Seat plate is rotated, leg plate can rotate relative to seat plate, sole to the rotation of opposite leg plate, be able to satisfy user's sitting, lie low, song leg, The various postures such as standing, can preferably meet disease Man's Demands;After wheelchair expansion, the transfer that hospital's bed transport helps patient can be used as Work;And wheelchair portion has the second hair washing plate, sits the structures such as basin, handrail, desktop, and function is more comprehensive, and wheelchair portion, which has, to be sat Plate elevating mechanism adjusts seat plate height arbitrarily, has wider applicability.
2. wheelchair portion and bed body portion of the invention is sliceable, and bed body portion has bed board elevating mechanism and transfer device, side Just patient is transferred to wheelchair portion from bed body portion or is transferred to bed body portion from wheelchair portion, it is easy to operate, reduce nursing staff's Labor intensity.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation do not constitute the restriction to the application for explaining the application.
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is bed body portion of the present invention structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is bed board elevating mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is transfer device schematic front view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is transfer device schematic side view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is wheelchair portion of the present invention schematic front view;
Fig. 7 is wheelchair portion of the present invention left view schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the second elevating mechanism schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 9 is third driving mechanism structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is usage state diagram when wheelchair portion of the present invention is used as lying position;
Usage state diagram when Figure 11 is wheelchair portion of the present invention and the splicing of hospital bed portion;
Figure 12 is usage state diagram of the wheelchair portion of the present invention for standing when rehabilitation;
Wherein, 1. bed body portion, 1-1. skeleton frame, 1-2. frame board, 1-3. stabilizer blade, the 1-4. head of a bed, 1-5. guide rail, 1-6. Plate elevating mechanism, 1-6-1. first motor, the first lead screw of 1-6-2., the first elevating lever of 1-6-3., the second elevating lever of 1-6-4., 1- 6-5. third elevating lever, the 4th elevating lever of 1-6-6., the first guide wheel of 1-6-7., the second guide wheel of 1-6-8., 1-6-9. third guide wheel, The vertical transfer device of 1-7., 1-7-1. vertical beam, 1-7-2. slide unit, 1-7-3. promote axis, 1-7-4. chain, 1-7-5. sprocket wheel, 1- 7-6. crossbeam connector, 1-7-7. sliding slot, 1-7-8. the first sprocket wheel driving motor, 1-8. lateral transfer mechanisms, 1-8-1. crossbeam, 1-8-2. the second sprocket wheel driving motor, 1-8-3. electric machine support, 1-8-4. lifting lug, the hair washing plate of 1-9. first, 1-10. water box, 1-11. bed board, 2. wheelchair portions, 2-1. seat plate, 2-2. backboard, 2-3. leg plate, 2-4. sole, 2-5. bottom plate, 2-6. first are electronic Push rod, the second motor of 2-7., the second lead screw of 2-8., the second sliding block of 2-9., the 5th elevating lever of 2-10., the 6th elevating lever of 2-11., The first guide pad of 2-12., the first sliding rail of 2-13., 2-14. seat plate support frame, the second guide pad of 2-15., the second sliding rail of 2-16., 2-17. seat plate rotation axis, the second electric pushrod of 2-18., 2-19. pusher bar support, 2-20. third electric pushrod, the 4th electricity of 2-21. Dynamic push rod, 2-22. connecting rod, 2-23. link supports bar, 2-24. universal wheel, 2-25. directional wheel, 2-26. directional wheel driving motor, 2-27. third motor, 2-28. handrail shaft, 2-29. handrail, 2-30. desktop, the hair washing plate of 2-31. second, 2-32. bedpan stand, 2-33. bedpan.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
In order to facilitate narration, if there is "upper", "lower" printed words in the present invention, the upper and lower with attached drawing itself is only indicated To consistent, restriction effect is not played to structure, it is only for convenient for the description present invention and simplify description, rather than indicate or dark Show that signified equipment or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as pair Limitation of the invention.
As background technique is introduced, wheelchair function is single at present, and patient or disabled person are between wheelchair and hospital bed Movement it is time-consuming and laborious, in view of the above-mentioned problems, present applicant proposes a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing beds.
In a kind of exemplary embodiment of the application, as shown in figs. 1-12, a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed, including can spell The bed body portion 1 and wheelchair portion 2 connect, the sliceable bed surface for constituting nursing bed in the bed body portion and wheelchair portion.
The bed body portion includes bed skeleton, and the bed skeleton includes the skeleton frame 1-1 for the L-type for being arranged in parallel and being distributed up and down And frame board 1-2, the skeleton frame and frame board are fixed between 5 stabilizer blade 1-3, the feet bottom is fixed with universal Wheel, facilitates the movement in bed body portion.
The skeleton frame and frame board include vertical the first skeleton portion and the second skeleton portion, and the skeleton frame uses frame Rack and panel construction, is fixed with head of a bed 1-4 at the outer ledge in the first skeleton portion of skeleton frame, and the second of the skeleton frame and frame board Guide rail 1-5 is respectively and fixedly provided at skeleton portion outer ledge.
The both ends in the second skeleton portion of the frame board are fixed with bed board elevating mechanism 1-6, bed board elevating mechanism top with Bed board 1-11 connection drives the elevating movement of bed board, and the bed board is the L-type to match with skeleton frame shape, and bed board is equipped with Opening, opening is rotatably connected to the first hair washing plate 1-9, is provided with water box 1-10 immediately below the first hair washing plate, described Water box is fixed in the first skeleton portion of frame board, and the bed board elevating mechanism includes first motor 1-6-1, first electricity The output shaft of machine is connect by shaft coupling with the first lead screw 1-6-2, and first motor can drive the rotation of the first lead screw, and described first First sliding block is installed, the first sliding block is connect with the first staggered form lifting rod mechanism, and the horizontal movement of the first sliding block can on lead screw The first staggered form elevating lever is driven to generate the movement of vertical direction, the first staggered form elevating lever includes the first elevating lever 1-6- 3, the second elevating lever 1-6-4, third elevating lever 1-6-5 and the 4th elevating lever 1-6-6, first elevating lever and the second elevating lever Medium position is hinged, and the medium position of third elevating lever and the 4th elevating lever is hinged, and the first elevating lever lower end is equipped with the first guide wheel 1-6-7, first guide wheel is connect with the first sliding block and the first idler wheel can be rolled along the guided wheel slot being arranged on frame board, and first Elevating lever upper end and the bottom end of third elevating lever are hinged, and the second elevating lever bottom end and the hinged seat being fixed on frame board are hinged, The upper end of second elevating lever and the bottom end of the 4th elevating lever are hinged, and third elevating lever and the 4th elevating lever upper end are respectively equipped with second In the guided wheel slot of guide wheel 1-6-8 and third guide wheel 1-6-9, second guide wheel and third guide wheel insertion bed board bottom setting, the The horizontal movement of one sliding block can drive the first elevating lever, the second elevating lever, third elevating lever and the 4th elevating lever around hinge joint Rotation, and then the elevating movement of bed board is driven, while the second guide wheel and third guide wheel can be in the guided wheel slots that bed board bottom is arranged It rolls, facilitates the adjustment of bed board position in the horizontal direction, while guided wheel slot limits the second guide wheel and third guide wheel, prevents Bed board is fallen from bed board elevating mechanism.
Being connected at second skeleton portion outer ledge of the skeleton frame and frame board by guide rail can be along the second skeleton portion The transfer device of outer ledge sliding, the transfer device includes vertical transfer device 1-7 and lateral transfer mechanisms 1-8, described Lateral transfer mechanisms are connect with vertical transfer device, and vertical transfer device can drive the vertical motion of lateral transfer mechanisms, described Vertical transfer device includes vertical beam 1-7-1, and the vertical beam bottom is equipped with the slide unit 1-7-2 to match with the guide rail, passes through cunning The cooperation of platform and guide rail realizes that transfer device is equipped with the first chain along the sliding of the second skeleton portion outer ledge, the vertical beam Transmission mechanism, first chain-drive mechanism include two sprocket wheel 1-7-5, two sprocket wheels and the fixed company of promotion axis 1-7-3 It connects, the both ends for promoting axis are rotatablely connected by bearing and vertical beam, and one of promotion axis and the first sprocket wheel driving motor 1-7-8 connect It connecing, the first sprocket wheel driving motor drives the work of the first chain-drive mechanism, it is wrapped with chain 1-7-4 between two sprocket wheels, wherein The chain of side is connect by crossbeam connector 1-7-6 with transverse moving mechanism, and the up and down motion of transverse moving mechanism can be driven, The transverse moving mechanism includes crossbeam 1-8-1, and the one end of the beam passes through the side of crossbeam connector and vertically movable mechanism Chain is fixedly connected, and crossbeam connector is stuck in the sliding slot 1-7-7 being arranged on vertical beam, and crossbeam is made to remain horizontal position It sets, the second chain-drive mechanism is fixed with inside the crossbeam, the second chain-drive mechanism is identical as the structure of the first chain-drive mechanism, Difference is that the transmission direction of the first chain-drive mechanism is vertical direction, and the transmission direction of the second chain-drive mechanism is level side To second chain-drive mechanism drives its work by the second sprocket wheel driving motor 1-8-2, and the second sprocket wheel driving motor is logical It crosses electric machine support 1-8-3 and is fixed on beam-end, be fixed with lifting lug 1-8-4 on the side chain of second chain-drive mechanism, For being lifted by crane to patient.
The wheelchair portion includes seat plate 2-1, and the seat plate both ends have been respectively articulated with backboard 2-2 and the one end leg plate 2-3, described The other end of leg plate is hinged with sole 2-4, can be with the bed board of L-type after seat plate, backboard, leg plate and sole are expanded to same plane Collectively form the bed surface of a rectangle.
The wheelchair portion further includes bottom plate 2-5, and the bottom plate is located at below seat plate, the bottom plate both ends parallel with seat plate Seat plate elevating mechanism is installed, the seat plate elevating mechanism includes the first elevating mechanism and the second elevating mechanism, the first elevator Structure and the second elevating mechanism are connect with seat plate, can drive the elevating movement of seat plate, and then the height of adjustable seat panel, convenient and bed body The splicing of portion's bed board cooperates, and also meets different patient's use demands, and first elevating mechanism is located at seat plate connection backboard Side, two first electric pushrod 2-6 of bottom plate one end are fixed on including two, and first electric pushrod one end and bottom plate are cut with scissors Connect, the bottom face of the other end and seat plate is hinged, second elevating mechanism include the second motor 2-7, second motor it is defeated Shaft is connect by shaft coupling with the second lead screw 2-8, and the second sliding block 2-9, second sliding block are equipped on second lead screw It is connect with the second staggered form lifting rod mechanism, the horizontal movement of the second sliding block can drive the vertical of the second staggered form lifting rod mechanism Movement, the second staggered form lifting rod mechanism include the fiveth elevating lever 2-10 and sixth elevating lever 2- hinged in medium position 11, the lower end of the 5th elevating lever 2-10 is hinged with the first guide pad 2-12, and the guide pad and the first sliding rail 2-13 are slided Connection, the first sliding rail are fixed on bottom plate, and the upper end of the 5th elevating lever and seat plate support frame 2-14 are hinged, the 6th elevating lever Lower end with it is hinged with bottom plate, upper end is hinged with the second guide pad 2-15, and second guide pad and the second sliding rail 2-16 sliding connect It connects, the second sliding rail is fixed on seat plate support frame, and the seat plate support frame is U-shaped structure, has seat plate rotation axis 2-17, described Seat plate and seat plate rotation axis are rotatablely connected.
First driving mechanism is installed, first driving mechanism is connect with backboard, for driving backboard on the seat plate Relative to the rotation with seat plate, first driving mechanism includes two the second electric pushrod 2-18, second electric pushrod one End is hinged with pusher bar support 2-19, and the other end is hinged with backboard, and the pusher bar support is fixed on seat plate.
Second driving mechanism is installed, second driving mechanism is connect with leg plate, is used for driving leg plate on the bottom plate Relative to the rotation of seat plate, second driving mechanism uses a third electric pushrod 2-20, the third electric pushrod one End is hinged with bottom plate, and the other end and leg plate are hinged.
Third driving mechanism is installed, the third driving mechanism is connect with sole, for driving sole on the leg plate Relative to the rotation of leg plate, the third driving mechanism include the 4th electric pushrod 2-21, described 4th electric pushrod one end with Leg plate is hinged, and the other end and the one end connecting rod 2-22 are hinged, and the connecting rod other end and sole are hinged, is further fixed on connecting rod on the leg plate Support rod 2-23, the link supports bar and connecting rod are hinged.
The bottom of the bottom plate is equipped with walking mechanism, and the walking mechanism includes pre-walking mechanism and rear walking mechanism, The pre-walking mechanism uses universal wheel 2-24, and rear walking mechanism includes two directional wheel 2-25, and the diameter of the directional wheel is big In the diameter of universal wheel, two directional wheels drive its rotation by the directional wheel driving motor 2-26 being fixed on bottom plate bottom surface, from And drive the movement in entire wheelchair portion.
There are two third motor 2-27, the thirds for the fixation on the end face of seat plate side opposite side of the backboard The output shaft of motor is fixedly connected by shaft coupling with handrail shaft 2-28, and handrail 2-29 is fixedly connected in handrail shaft, is helped Hand is located at the two sides of backboard and seat plate, can facilitate assisting in for patient, and third motor can drive the rotation of handrail, and the described of side is helped Be rotatably connected to desktop 2-30 on hand, may be supported on the handrail of the other side after desktop rotation, facilitate patient feed or its He is movable, and the middle position on the backboard top is equipped with opening, and the opening is rotatably connected to the second hair washing plate 2-31, convenient Patient carries out hair washing operation.
The seat plate is equipped with just mouth, is fixed with bedpan stand 2-32 on the seat plate lower end surface at the just mouth position, described It sits in frame and is placed with bedpan 2-33, meet patient and facilitate demand on wheelchair.
When in use, the stretching motion of the second electric pushrod can drive backboard to turn relative to seat plate in wheelchair portion of the invention It is dynamic, facilitate patient's adjustment seat back posture gesture, can also will be carried on the back by third electric pushrod and the common stretching motion of the 4th electric pushrod Plate, seat plate, leg plate and sole expand into a plane, meet the needs of patient's lying position.Backboard, seat plate, leg plate and foot After plate expands into a plane, the plane of formation can be raised to plane horizontal by a clamp by the effect of the first electric pushrod Angle can help the standing rehabilitation in patient's later period, certain booster action is played to the rehabilitation course of patient.
After backboard, seat plate, leg plate and the sole in wheelchair portion of the present invention expand into a plane, using third motor to handrail It is rotated, handrail is rotated 180 °, is transferred to the downside of backboard, removable wheelchair portion is spliced with bed body portion, makes wheelchair Portion and bed body portion collectively form a bed surface, are moved using transfer device to patient, and it is suitable that patient is moved to bed surface Patient is moved on wheelchair by position in use, transfer device can also be used, and facilitates the transfer of patient.
Multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed of the invention has bed body portion and wheelchair portion, the sliceable composition in bed body portion and wheelchair portion One bed surface can facilitate patient in the transfer in bed body portion and wheelchair portion, greatly reduce nursing staff's by transfer device Labor intensity, in addition wheelchair portion meets the demand that patient adjusts sitting posture and lies low, and improves comfort level when patient uses, and And facilitate hospital to be transported through work to patient, and wheelchair portion can help the standing rehabilitation in patient's later period, to patient Rehabilitation play booster action.
Above-mentioned, although the foregoing specific embodiments of the present invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings, not protects model to the present invention The limitation enclosed, those skilled in the art should understand that, based on the technical solutions of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not Need to make the creative labor the various modifications or changes that can be made still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed, which is characterized in that including sliceable bed body portion and wheelchair portion, the bed body portion and The sliceable bed surface for constituting nursing bed in wheelchair portion, the bed body portion includes bed skeleton, and bed board lifting is fixed on the bed skeleton Mechanism, the bed board elevating mechanism are connect with bed board, and the bed skeleton is slidably connected with transfer device, for patient into Row transfer, the wheelchair portion includes seat plate, and the seat plate both ends are rotatably connected to backboard and leg plate, and the leg plate and sole rotate Connection, the seat plate are connected on bottom plate by seat plate elevating mechanism, the backboard and the first driving machine being mounted on seat plate Structure connection, the first driving mechanism can drive backboard relative to the rotation of seat plate, the leg plate and the second driving being mounted on bottom plate Mechanism connection, the second driving mechanism can driving leg plate with respect to seat plate rotation, the sole be mounted on leg plate third drive The connection of motivation structure, the third driving mechanism can drive sole relative to the rotation of leg plate, and the bottom plate is connect with walking mechanism, The movement of walking mechanism driving bottom plate.
2. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the bed skeleton includes distribution up and down The skeleton frame and frame board of L-type disposed in parallel, the frame board and skeleton frame are fixed on multiple stabilizer blades, frame board and skeleton Frame includes vertical the first skeleton portion and the second skeleton portion, is fixed with the head of a bed at the first skeleton portion outer ledge of skeleton frame, It is fixed with sliding rail at the outer ledge in the second skeleton portion of frame board and skeleton frame, the bed board elevating mechanism is fixed on frame board Both ends.
3. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the bed board elevating mechanism includes the One motor, the output shaft of the first motor are connect with the first lead screw, are equipped with the first sliding block on first lead screw, and described One sliding block is connect with the first staggered form lifting rod mechanism, and the first staggered form lifting rod mechanism is connect with bed board, drives the liter of bed board Drop movement, the bed board are the L-type structure to match with skeleton frame shape, and bed board is equipped with opening, and opening is rotatably connected to First hair washing plate, the first hair washing plate underface are provided with water box, and the water box is fixed on frame board.
4. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the transfer device includes vertical turns Telephone-moving structure and lateral transfer mechanisms, the vertical transfer device use the first chain-drive mechanism, and first chain-drive mechanism is solid It is scheduled in vertical beam, the vertical beam bottom is slidably connected by the sliding rail and bed skeleton, first chain-drive mechanism and transverse direction Transfer device connection, drives the up and down motion of lateral transfer mechanisms, and the lateral transfer mechanisms use the second chain-drive mechanism, institute It states the second chain-drive mechanism to be fixed in crossbeam, the crossbeam is connected by the transmission chain of crossbeam connector and the first chain-drive mechanism It connects, hook is installed on the transmission chain of second chain-drive mechanism, for hanging patient.
5. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the seat plate elevating mechanism is fixed on First elevating mechanism and the second elevating mechanism at bottom plate both ends, first elevating mechanism use the first electric pushrod, and described the One end of one electric pushrod and bottom plate are hinged, and the end that the other end connect backboard side with seat plate is hinged, second elevator Structure includes the second motor, and second motor output shaft is connect with the second lead screw, is equipped with the second sliding block on second lead screw, Second sliding block is connect with the second staggered form lifting rod mechanism, and the second staggered form lifting rod mechanism and seat plate end rotate Connection.
6. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that first driving mechanism includes the Two electric pushrods, second electric pushrod one end is hinged with pusher bar support, and the other end is hinged with backboard, and the pusher bar support is solid It is scheduled on the bottom face of seat plate.
7. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that second driving mechanism is using the Three electric pushrods, third electric pushrod one end and bottom plate are hinged, and the other end and leg plate are hinged.
8. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the third driving mechanism includes the Four electric pushrods, described 4th electric pushrod one end and push plate are hinged, and the other end and connecting rod one end are hinged, the other end of connecting rod with Sole is hinged, and the connecting rod is also hinged with link supports bar, and the link supports bar is fixed on leg plate.
9. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the backboard side is fixed with third The output shaft of motor, the third motor is fixedly connected with handrail shaft, is fixedly connected with handrail in the handrail shaft, described Third motor can drive the rotation of handrail, be rotatably connected to desktop on the handrail.
10. a kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the backboard top is equipped with opening, The opening is rotatably connected to the second hair washing plate, and the seat plate is equipped with just mouth, just fixed on the seat plate bottom face below mouth There is bedpan stand, is placed with bedpan in the bedpan stand.
CN201811324438.XA 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 A kind of multifunctional wheelchair nursing bed Pending CN109316299A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110946716A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-04-03 西安工业大学 Emergency cot
CN111407546A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-14 胡蓓 Nursing bed convenient for disabled person to use
CN112535582A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-03-23 青岛大学附属医院 Family nursing wheelchair capable of assisting in lying in bed
CN113208797A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-08-06 温州市中心医院 Shoulder-raising and head-raising rehabilitation health-care chair
CN113975025A (en) * 2021-12-09 2022-01-28 哈尔滨医科大学附属肿瘤医院 Chemotherapy nursing bed and operation method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110946716A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-04-03 西安工业大学 Emergency cot
CN111407546A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-14 胡蓓 Nursing bed convenient for disabled person to use
CN112535582A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-03-23 青岛大学附属医院 Family nursing wheelchair capable of assisting in lying in bed
CN113208797A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-08-06 温州市中心医院 Shoulder-raising and head-raising rehabilitation health-care chair
CN113975025A (en) * 2021-12-09 2022-01-28 哈尔滨医科大学附属肿瘤医院 Chemotherapy nursing bed and operation method
CN113975025B (en) * 2021-12-09 2022-09-20 哈尔滨医科大学附属肿瘤医院 Chemotherapy nursing bed and operation method

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