CN109203085B - High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line - Google Patents

High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109203085B
CN109203085B CN201811016023.6A CN201811016023A CN109203085B CN 109203085 B CN109203085 B CN 109203085B CN 201811016023 A CN201811016023 A CN 201811016023A CN 109203085 B CN109203085 B CN 109203085B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeding
planing
presser foot
follow
roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201811016023.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109203085A (en
Inventor
朱志林
邹小祥
王均东
臧景平
张伟
吴晓忠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Jiangjia Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Jiangjia Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Jiangjia Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Jiangjia Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811016023.6A priority Critical patent/CN109203085B/en
Publication of CN109203085A publication Critical patent/CN109203085A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109203085B publication Critical patent/CN109203085B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M1/00Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching
    • B27M1/08Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching by multi-step processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B25/00Feeding devices for timber in saw mills or sawing machines; Feeding devices for trees
    • B27B25/04Feeding devices for timber in saw mills or sawing machines; Feeding devices for trees with feed chains or belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B31/00Arrangements for conveying, loading, turning, adjusting, or discharging the log or timber, specially designed for saw mills or sawing machines
    • B27B31/02Loading equipment for travelling carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B5/00Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor
    • B27B5/02Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor characterised by a special purpose only
    • B27B5/06Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor characterised by a special purpose only for dividing plates in parts of determined size, e.g. panels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C1/00Machines for producing flat surfaces, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C1/08Machines for working several sides of work simultaneously
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C1/00Machines for producing flat surfaces, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C1/12Arrangements for feeding work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C1/00Machines for producing flat surfaces, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C1/14Other details or accessories

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-speed optimized cutting and fine planing production line, which comprises an optimized cutting saw and a planing and milling machine, wherein the optimized cutting saw is connected with the planing and milling machine through a cutting material conveying device, a feeding conveying device is connected with a feeding end of the optimized cutting saw, and a sorting pusher is further arranged on the cutting material conveying device; the ratio of the gap B between the material control block of the feeding conveying device and the feeding conveying belt to the thickness H of the wood is B/H=1.8-1.2; the cut-off material conveying device is provided with a front section conveying belt and a rear section conveying belt on the material outputting rack, and a material rejecting roller is arranged between the front section conveying belt and the rear section conveying belt; the rough planing lower planing tool, the finish planing lower planing tool and the upper planing tool of the planing and milling machine are sequentially arranged along the timber feeding channel from front to back, a piston rod end of a follow-up pinch roller cylinder is connected with a follow-up pinch roller frame, a presser foot follow-up pinch roller is rotatably supported at the lower end of a presser foot follow-up pinch roller slide seat, and a timber guide device is further arranged at the front end of the machine body. The production line has the advantages of good processing quality and high production efficiency.

Description

High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of wood processing, in particular to production line equipment capable of conducting preferential cutting and planing, milling and cutting processing on wood.
Background
With the increasing demand for wood resources and the protection of log resources, the wood processing industry is faced with increasingly higher economic and technical multiple processing requirements, which not only requires higher utilization of wood processing production equipment, but also requires higher automation and lower labor cost.
The wood processing method generally comprises the steps of firstly cutting round logs into boards, then longitudinally cutting the boards into rod-shaped timber, and then transversely cutting the timber; in order to improve the wood resources saving and the wood utilization rate and the wood yield, a transverse preferable cutoff saw is used as transverse cutoff equipment at present, and the wood is transported to planing and milling equipment (such as a woodworking planing and milling machine with double-sided planing, four-sided planing and the like) to be planed and milled to be smooth and flat, and the size is accurate, so that the finished product wood with the required section size is achieved. Finally, the finished product wood is processed into the wood product by finger joint, cementing or other splicing modes according to the technical requirement of wood product assembly. In the prior art, the transverse preferential cutting of wood and the planing and milling of wood are respectively processed by independent equipment, and the wood is carried and transferred by manpower or other transportation equipment between the transverse preferential cutting saw and the wood planing and milling machine, so that a large amount of manpower and material resources are consumed, the production efficiency is low, the automatic assembly line production is difficult to realize, the processing quality and the processing precision of the finished wood are difficult to ensure, and the potential safety hazards of personnel and equipment exist.
The transverse preferential cutoff saw is a sawing unit in cutoff production, and determines whether the transverse preferential saw can effectively and accurately conduct preferential sawing on wood, and comprises a cutoff saw frame and a circular saw blade capable of swinging up and down to realize transverse cutting, wherein an upper feeding press roller and a lower feeding carrier roller are arranged on two sides of the circular saw blade in pairs, and the upper feeding press roller and the lower feeding carrier roller form a feeding roller pair. When the cutting saw cuts at a high speed, the upper feeding press roller and the lower feeding carrier roller rapidly perform braking positioning, compaction, cutting and re-propelling on timber according to the instruction of the control system; the cutting saw is preferably frequently braked and positioned and pushed to feed materials in the sawing process, and the transverse cutting saw is preferably used for cutting defective timber and cutting the timber with different lengths in a combined mode to obtain maximum yield and use value. Therefore, whether the wood is positioned at the inlet end of the front side of the preferential cutting saw or at the discharge end of the rear side of the preferential cutting saw, the input or output wood not only has complex working states such as pause and rapid feeding, but also has the speed which can be changed along with the length of the wood, and the wood movement speed is always discontinuous and unbalanced, so that the cut wood has larger inertia speed and impact force.
At the inlet end of the front side of the preferential cutting saw, the existing conveying and feeding device enables wood blanks to be cut to be placed on a feeding and feeding workbench one by one, so that the wood blanks to be cut are prevented from being overlapped and collided with each other and even clamped and sawn, meanwhile, the feeding end of the structure is only provided with a laterally standing feeding backup plate at one side, effective constraint cannot be formed on two sides of the wood, feeding deviation of the wood is easily generated in the feeding and feeding stage, and the processing quality and precision of the wood are affected; especially, the structure for placing timber to be sawn one by one not only increases labor and labor intensity and has low production efficiency, but also is easy to form misoperation and is difficult to ensure consistent sawing quality.
At the discharge end of the rear side of the preferential cutting saw, the transverse preferential cutting saw is adjacently provided with a cutting timber conveying frame at the timber output side, the timber conveying frame is provided with a feeding working table surface and a conveying belt for conveying timber, the conveying belt is supported on the feeding working table surface, and cutting timber is conveyed to the next working procedure through the conveying belt on the timber conveying frame. The conveying device with the structure can realize output and conveying of timber, but is easy to generate mutual collision and overlapping among cut timber in the conveying process, even a saw is clamped, potential safety hazards of equipment and personnel exist, and defect waste generated by sawing cannot be removed.
The woodworking planing and milling machine is a woodworking machine for planing and cutting the surface of the wood with the finished rough material, and mainly comprises a four-side planing and milling machine and a double-side planing and milling machine. The four-side planer is the most widely used planer, and the main working parts comprise an upper planer shaft, a lower planer shaft, a planer tool, a left vertical cutter shaft, a right vertical cutter shaft, a vertical cutter, a lower planer tool, a right vertical cutter, a left vertical cutter, an upper planer tool and a lower planer tool, wherein the upper planer tool and the lower planer tool are horizontally arranged, the planer tool is arranged on the planer tool shafts, the left vertical cutter shaft, the right vertical cutter shaft and the vertical cutter are vertically arranged, and the planer tool is arranged on the vertical cutter shafts. In the prior four-side planing machine structure, the lower surface is only one lower planing tool for one-time planing before the right and left planing and the accurate planing of the upper and lower surfaces are carried out, and the plane is the reference plane of the subsequent planing step, and the reference plane of the timber formed by one-time planing is relatively rough, so that the planing deviation is larger, the positioning inaccuracy of the subsequent planing is brought, the planing precision is low, and the standard net material with accurate size and small error cannot be processed.
The feeding end of the existing four-side planing and milling machine is often only provided with a timber side backup plate at one side, timber is not limited by advance in a feeding section, and timber can be pushed forward and fed only when entering an upper feeding roller pair and a lower feeding roller pair, so that timber in the existing structure is not limited whether the timber is in a feeding roller feeding section or in a side backup plate feeding section, the timber is easy to generate feeding deviation and front and rear timber pushing collision or overlapping in the feeding and feeding stage, the processing quality and precision of the timber are affected, the planing efficiency is affected, the timber feeding is not limited, continuous and smooth pushing and feeding cannot be formed, irregular lines or surface irregularities are easily generated on the surface of the timber, and even safety faults such as clamping occur.
The feeding mechanism of the planing and milling machine also directly influences the planing precision and quality of the timber, and only the feeding roller can reliably and continuously grasp the timber, the timber can be ensured to be reliably pushed forward evenly and stably against the planing resistance of the planing tool. As disclosed in the chinese patent "fine double-sided wood planing machine" (patent application number: 201711440790.5), the feeding frame and the feeding roller assembly structure can form a strong clamping and pushing force on the wood in the working process, but as the four-sided planing and milling speed is continuously improved, and the length range of the wood is enlarged, especially the short material planing is performed, a larger irreducible space still exists between two adjacent feeding rollers, and during high-speed planing, the constraint space cannot effectively push the wood, so that the shaking of the fed wood can occur, the feeding speed is unstable, and especially when the length of the wood is smaller than the interval between two feeding rollers, the uniform and reliable forward pushing of the wood cannot be ensured.
When the timber enters the planing position of the upper planing tool, the head of the timber tends to lift up and tilt, the phenomenon of multiple cutting of the head end of the timber occurs, so-called head gnawing defect is formed, when the timber enters a normal planing state, the timber also changes along with the size of the cutting component, and the timber is elastically warped upwards at random with different degrees, so that irregular surface planing waves with different degrees are formed. Therefore, the four-side milling machine is always provided with the front and rear presser foot assemblies at the front and rear side positions of the upper plane cutter, and in order to improve the compression constraint function of the presser feet, the front and rear presser feet always extend into the cutting position of the upper plane cutter as much as possible, so that the unconstrained area between the presser feet and the adjacent feeding rollers is necessarily enlarged, and the reliable compression constraint and effective pushing of timber cannot be ensured when the four-side milling machine runs at high speed or processes short materials.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects existing in the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a high-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line, which has the advantages of good processing quality and high processing precision, can effectively save labor, reduce labor intensity and greatly improve production efficiency.
In order to solve the technical problems, the high-speed optimized cutting and fine planing production line comprises an optimized cutting saw and a planing and milling machine, wherein the optimized cutting saw is connected with the planing and milling machine through a cutting material conveying device, a feeding conveying device is connected to the feeding end of the optimized cutting saw, and a sorting pusher is further arranged on the cutting material conveying device; the feeding conveying device comprises a feeding frame, a working table surface and a feeding conveying belt are arranged on the feeding frame, the feeding conveying belt is supported on the working table surface, a feeding side backup plate and a side pressure wheel support are also arranged on the feeding frame, a side pressure swing arm is hinged on the side pressure wheel support, a side pressure wheel is rotatably supported at the extending end of the side pressure swing arm, a side pressure spring is supported between the side pressure swing arm and the side pressure wheel support, and a feeding channel is formed between the oppositely arranged feeding side backup plate and the side pressure wheel; a material control baffle is arranged on the working table, and the ratio of a gap B between the material control baffle and the feeding conveyor belt to the thickness H of wood is B/H=1.8-1.2; the cut-off conveying device comprises a conveying rack, a front section conveying belt and a rear section conveying belt are arranged on the conveying rack, a feeding backup plate is fixedly arranged on one side of the conveying rack, a front section movable backup plate and a rear section movable backup plate are adjustably arranged on the other side of the conveying rack, the positions of the front section movable backup plate and the front section conveying belt correspond to each other, and the positions of the rear section movable backup plate and the rear section conveying belt correspond to each other; a material picking roller is arranged between the front section conveying belt and the rear section conveying belt, and a material control baffle is arranged above the material picking roller; a material control switch is arranged above the rear section conveyor belt; the milling machine comprises a machine body and a workbench fixedly connected to the machine body, wherein a feeding roller assembly is connected to the machine body, an upper feeding roller of the feeding roller assembly is positioned above the workbench, the position of a lower feeding roller of the feeding roller assembly corresponds to the table surface of the workbench, a rotatable left vertical cutter and a rotatable right vertical cutter are vertically supported on the machine body, the left vertical cutter and the right vertical cutter are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side of a timber feeding channel, a rotatable rough planing lower cutter, a finish planing lower cutter and an upper planing cutter are horizontally supported on the machine body, and the rough planing lower cutter, the finish planing lower cutter and the upper planing cutter are sequentially arranged along the timber feeding channel from front to back, and the planing plane of the upper planing cutter is positioned above the planing planes of the rough planing lower cutter and the finish planing lower cutter; the feeding roller assembly comprises a feeding frame cross beam, the feeding frame cross beam is slidably supported on the machine body through a feeding frame lifting guide rail, the feeding frame lifting guide rail is also in transmission connection with a feeding frame lifting motor through a feeding frame lifting transmission pair, a plurality of upper feeding rollers and lower feeding rollers are supported on the feeding frame cross beam, each upper feeding roller and each lower feeding roller are in transmission connection with a feeding roller driving motor, a follow-up pinch roller cylinder is further installed on the feeding frame cross beam, a piston rod end of the follow-up pinch roller cylinder is connected with a follow-up pinch roller frame, the follow-up pinch roller frame rides on the corresponding upper feeding roller, a follow-up pinch roller is rotatably supported on the follow-up pinch roller frame, and the working plane of the follow-up pinch roller and the working plane of the upper feeding roller are positioned on the same plane; an air suction presser foot assembly is arranged on the outer side of the upper planing tool and comprises a presser foot seat, a front presser foot seat is fixedly arranged on the front side of the presser foot seat, a front presser foot claw is supported on the front presser foot seat, a presser foot follow-up presser wheel sliding seat is slidingly supported on the front presser foot seat, a presser foot follow-up presser wheel is rotatably supported at the lower end of the presser foot follow-up presser wheel sliding seat, an adjusting nut pair is also arranged on the front presser foot seat, and an adjusting spring is supported between the adjusting nut pair and the presser foot follow-up presser wheel sliding seat; the wood guiding and conveying device comprises a machine body, wherein the front end of the machine body is provided with a plurality of wood guiding and conveying side vertical rollers through side vertical roller mounting seats in a rotating mode, the front end of the machine body is also provided with a wood guiding and conveying device, the wood guiding and conveying device comprises a guiding and conveying support and a guiding and conveying sliding plate which is slidably supported on the guiding and conveying support, the guiding and conveying support is fixedly connected to the machine body, a plurality of guiding and conveying chain wheels and guiding and conveying driving chain wheels are arranged on the guiding and conveying sliding plate, guiding and conveying chains are stretched on the guiding and conveying chain wheels and the guiding and conveying driving chain wheels, a wood guiding and conveying channel is formed between the guiding and conveying chain corresponding to the guiding and conveying chain wheels and the guiding and conveying side vertical rollers, and the wood guiding and conveying channel is connected with the wood feeding channel.
In the structure, the preferential cutoff saw is connected with the planing and milling machine through the cutoff conveying device, and the feeding end of the preferential cutoff saw is connected with the feeding conveying device, so that a complete flow production line preferential cutoff and planing and milling cutting is formed, the preferential cutoff saw of timber and the timber planing and milling process do not need to be carried and transferred by manpower or other conveying equipment, a large amount of manpower and material resources are saved, automatic flow line production can be conveniently realized, the production efficiency is low, the processing quality and the processing precision of finished timber are easily ensured, and the potential safety hazards of personnel and equipment are eliminated. The sorting pusher is arranged on the cut-off material conveying device, when the cut-off material conveying device conveys the recyclable material to the position corresponding to the sorting pusher, the sorting pusher pushes the recyclable material corresponding to the sorting pusher away from the cut-off material conveying device, automatic sorting of cut-off wood is achieved, and automation degree and production efficiency of wood sorting are improved.
Because the feeding side backup plate of the feeding conveying device is provided with the side pressing wheels at the corresponding positions, and a feeding channel is formed between the feeding side backup plate and the feeding side pressing wheels, when cut timber enters a cutting saw stage, the timber is accurately and stably pushed into a feeding roller pair formed by an upper feeding roller and a lower feeding roller under the clamping of the side pressing wheels and the feeding side backup plate, so that the timber is reliably clamped and restrained left and right and up and down, the reliable control of the pushing speed of the timber is realized, the timber can be accurately and rapidly cut and pushed to feed according to a preferential cutting instruction, the accurate fixed-length cutting of the timber can be achieved, the deviation and stacking of timber feeding are completely avoided, the cutting quality and the size precision are effectively ensured, the efficient and high-speed operation of the cutting saw is facilitated, the production efficiency of the cutting saw is greatly improved, and the safe and stable operation of the cutting saw is also ensured. The side pressure swing arm supporting the side pressure wheel is also provided with the side pressure spring, the elastic force of the side pressure spring is applied to the side pressure wheel through the side pressure swing arm, the side pressure wheel is pressed by the elastic force of the side pressure spring, the side pressure wheel is stable in pressure application and is little influenced by the use environment, the compression constraint effect on wood is reliable, and the side pressure wheel is convenient to adjust and control according to different processing objects so as to obtain reliable compression acting force. Still owing to install accuse material baffle on table surface, this accuse material baffle with the clearance of feed conveyer belt with carry timber thickness ratio control between 1.8-1.2, at first accuse material baffle's setting makes to wait to cut timber and only can carry the feeding to cutting the saw one by one in proper order, the setting of clearance size ensures to wait to cut timber and advance one by one, just so can establish to wait to cut timber feed bin on table surface, not only can save labor and intensity of labour greatly, moreover more do benefit to the automated control who realizes the feeding, improved production efficiency greatly, it is applicable to cut the high-efficient, high-speed operation and the production of saw.
Because cut material conveyor, be provided with anterior segment conveyer belt and back end conveyer belt two sections conveyer belts in its conveying frame, and be provided with the material roller of rejecting between anterior segment conveyer belt and back end conveyer belt, cut timber is passing through the anterior segment conveyer belt, pass through the material roller of rejecting again and then enter into on the back end conveyer belt, can be through adjusting the clearance distance between anterior segment conveyer belt and the material roller of rejecting like this, make cut waste material on the anterior segment conveyer belt after touching the material roller of rejecting, and fall down along the interval between conveyer belt and the material roller of rejecting, no longer enter into on the back end conveyer belt, thereby realize cutting automatic rejection of waste material, reject the action is accurate, rational in infrastructure exquisite. And because the material control baffle is arranged above the rejecting roller, cut timber is only allowed to pass through a certain amount and thickness of timber and is sent to the rear section conveyor belt under the clearance control of the material control baffle, so that the cut timber can only pass through the interval channel between the material control baffle and the rejecting roller one by one, the mutual collision and head-to-tail superposition between adjacent timber are effectively avoided, and the timber can enter the next working procedure orderly. When timber enters into the back section conveyer belt, the control switch above the back section conveyer belt can sense and control the passing quantity and thickness of the timber, when the timber is mutually overlapped and the thickness is increased, the control switch sends out instructions to stop the conveyer belt, normal operation is carried out after abnormal treatment is finished, the generation of abnormal conveying of the timber is stopped through double control of a machine and an electric appliance, accurate, reliable and smooth conveying of the timber is ensured, and safety faults of equipment and personnel are completely avoided. Still owing to be provided with adjustable anterior segment activity backup plate and back end activity backup plate in anterior segment conveyer belt and back end conveyer belt corresponding position, formed timber conveying channel between this anterior segment activity backup plate and back end activity backup plate and the fixed pay-off backup plate, timber is under the centre gripping and the restraint of fixed backup plate and activity backup plate to definite direction of delivery and route enter into next process, have not only prevented the off tracking and the stacking of timber transportation effectively, have guaranteed processingquality and the machining precision of timber moreover.
The rough planing lower planing tool, the finish planing lower planing tool and the upper planing tool on the planing and milling machine body are sequentially arranged along the wood feeding channel from front to back, the rough planing lower planing tool is used for carrying out rough planing and milling on the lower surface of the wood during working of the planing and milling machine, and fine planing and processing are carried out on the lower surface after rough planing and milling are carried out, so that the lower surface of the wood forms a precise planing reference surface for planing and milling the two sides and the upper surface. The follow-up cylinder and the follow-up pressing wheel frame hinged with the follow-up cylinder are additionally arranged on the feeding frame cross beam, the follow-up pressing wheel frame is rotatably supported with the follow-up pressing wheel, the follow-up pressing wheel is positioned between two adjacent feeding rollers, the pressing control of timber between the two adjacent feeding rollers is increased, the continuous propulsion control of timber for finish planing is more effectively realized, the stable feeding of rough and finish planing is ensured, the structure is particularly suitable for planing processing of short materials, the short materials can be reliably propelled forward during planing, the phenomenon of head biting and tail biting of the short materials is avoided, and the fine planing and milling processing of the short materials is ensured. The structure forms more reliable control and whole-course compression constraint on the wood to be shaved, avoids the uncontrolled state of the front side area of the front pressing claw on the wood, is more suitable for high-speed continuous shaving processing of the wood, is more effective in compression control on the wood, effectively avoids the phenomenon of 'gnawing head' in the wood processing process, and can implement effective compression control on the short wood, so that the shaving length range of the milling machine is widened. And the wood guiding and conveying device and the wood guiding and conveying side vertical roller form a wood guiding and conveying channel, so that wood is accurately conveyed into a clamping pushing roller pair formed by an upper feeding roller and a lower feeding roller under the clamping of the guiding and conveying device and the side vertical roller when entering a feeding stage, so that the wood is stably clamped and restrained left and right and up and down, the wood is effectively clamped and fed by the wood guiding and conveying device and the guiding and conveying side vertical roller, the deviation of wood feeding and the mutual collision and stacking of front and rear material ends in the pushing process are completely avoided, the pushing and feeding is smoother, the stability of the processing quality and the processing precision is effectively ensured, the efficient and high-speed planing of the planing and milling machine is facilitated, the production efficiency of the planing and milling machine is greatly improved, and the safe and stable operation of the planing and milling machine is also ensured.
The high-speed preferred cutoff fine planing production line of the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the drawings and detailed description.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a front view of one embodiment of a high-speed preferred cutoff precision planing line of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the feed conveyor in the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of the structure of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the side pressure wheel and its support in the configuration of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the control guard in the configuration of FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the truncated material conveying device in the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the pick roller and belt in the configuration of FIG. 6;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the sorting pusher in the embodiment shown in fig. 1;
FIG. 9 is a schematic front view of the planer of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 10 is a schematic top view of the structure of FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the feed roll assembly and planer tool positional relationship of the structure of FIG. 9;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the front view of the follower roller frame in the configuration of FIG. 11;
FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of a left-hand configuration of the structure shown in FIG. 12;
FIG. 14 is a schematic perspective view of the suction presser foot assembly of the structure of FIG. 9;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the front view of the structure of FIG. 14;
FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram of a front view of the foot-actuated puck assembly in the configuration of FIG. 15;
FIG. 17 is a left cross-sectional structural schematic view of the structure shown in FIG. 16;
figure 18 is a schematic top view of the timber delivery device (with the top cover of the slide removed) in the embodiment of figure 9;
FIG. 19 is a left cross-sectional structural schematic view of the structure shown in FIG. 18;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of a supporting perspective of the guide sprocket of the structure of FIG. 18;
FIG. 21 is a schematic diagram of the front view of FIG. 20;
fig. 22 is a schematic cross-sectional structure of fig. 21.
In the figure, a 1-planing and milling machine, a 1-induced draft presser foot assembly, a 101-rear presser foot assembly, a 102-presser foot seat, a 103-induced draft hood, a 104-front presser foot seat, a 105-adjusting screw, a 106-slide rail, a 107-presser foot follow-up presser wheel slide seat, a 108-presser foot follow-up presser wheel, a 109-presser wheel spring, a 110-front presser claw, a 111-adjusting nut pair and a 112-adjusting spring; 1-2-upper planing tool and 1-3-left vertical tool; 1-4, right vertical knife; 1-5 parts of a feeding roller assembly, 501 parts of a feeding frame lifting transmission pair, 502 parts of a feeding frame lifting guide rail, 503 parts of a feeding frame beam, 504 parts of a cylinder mounting seat, 505 parts of a follow-up pinch roller cylinder, 506 parts of a follow-up pinch roller frame, 507 parts of a feeding roller driving motor, 508 parts of a follow-up pinch roller, 509 parts of a feeding frame lifting motor, 510 parts of a lifting transmission shaft and 511 parts of a feeding roller riding groove; 1-6, finely planing a lower planing tool; 1-7, rough planing the lower planing tool; 1-8, feeding rollers; 1-9-timber guiding and conveying device, 901-guiding and conveying support, 902-pulley cover plate, 903-guiding and conveying slide plate, 904-cornering sprocket, 905-guiding and conveying sprocket, 906-sprocket swing arm, 907-swing arm hinge support, 908-compression spring, 909-tensioning sprocket, 910-guiding and conveying chain, 911-guiding and conveying driving sprocket, 912-slide plate locking device, 913-adjusting screw, 914-adjusting nut, 915-adjusting bearing, 916-slide plate top cover, 917-locking handle, 918-guiding and conveying motor; 1-10, a workbench; 1-11-fuselage; 1-12, a main motor; 1-13-planing and milling timber; 1-14, a timber guiding side vertical roll; 1-15, a side vertical roller mounting seat; 1-16-lower feeding roller.
2-cut material conveying device, 2-1-back section conveying belt, 2-switch support, 2-3-material control switch, 2-4-material picking roller, 2-5-material control baffle, 2-6-material feeding backup plate, 2-7-front section conveying belt, 2-8-material conveying frame, 2-9-backup plate adjusting handle, 2-10-backup plate support, 2-11-front section movable backup plate, 2-12-front section conveying belt roller, 2-13-material control baffle support, 2-14-back section conveying belt roller, 2-15-back section movable backup plate, 2-16-conveying belt driving motor, 2-17-speed changer, 2-18-material pressing wheel and 2-19-cut timber.
3-sorting and pushing device, 3-1-protective baffle, 3-2-baffle support, 3-pushing plate and 3-4-pushing cylinder. 4-preferably a chopping saw.
5-feeding conveying device, 5-1-side pressing wheel, 5-2-side pressing swing arm, 5-3-feeding side backup plate, 5-4-side pressing wheel bracket, 5-side pressing spring, 5-6-baffle bracket, 5-7-material control baffle, 5-8-guide reed, 5-9-material storage side backup plate, 5-10-timber, 5-11-feeding frame, 5-12-movable table top, 5-13-material storage movable backup plate, 5-14-table top, 5-15-side pressing frame fixing seat, 5-16-side pressing wheel locking handle, 5-17-driving belt wheel, 5-18-feeding belt roller, 5-19-feeding conveying belt and 5-20-baffle adjusting handle.
Detailed Description
The high-speed preferred cutoff fine planing production line shown in fig. 1 comprises a preferred cutoff saw 4 and a planing and milling machine 1, wherein the preferred cutoff saw 4 adopts a woodworking transverse preferred cutoff saw, and the planing and milling machine 1 is a woodworking four-side planing and milling machine; the cutting saw 4 is preferably connected to the milling machine 1 via a cutting feed conveyor 2, a feed conveyor 5 is preferably connected to the feed end of the cutting saw 4, and a sorting pusher 3 is further arranged on the cutting feed conveyor 2.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the feeding frame 5-11 of the feeding conveying device 5 is connected with a preferable cutting saw frame, a working table 5-14 is fixedly arranged on the feeding frame 5-11, a cutting saw working table is fixedly arranged on the preferable cutting saw frame, the cutting saw working table and the working table 5-14 are mutually connected and are positioned on the same plane, and the rear end of the working table 5-14 is adjacent to the cutting saw working table, so that timber 5-10 to be sawed on the working table 5-14 can be smoothly conveyed to the cutting working table. The cutting saw frame is also supported with a cutting saw blade in a high-speed rotating way through a saw blade swing arm, and the cutting saw blade swings up and down along with the saw blade swing arm in a reciprocating way so as to cut off wood transversely, and the cutting saw blade is a common cutting saw circular saw blade. Three pairs of feeding roller pairs are arranged on the front side of the cutting saw blade, two pairs of feeding roller pairs are arranged on the rear side of the cutting saw blade, and each pair of feeding roller pairs is formed by the opposite lower feeding roller of the upper feeding roller. A timber channel is formed between the upper feeding roller and the lower feeding roller.
The workbench 5-14 and the feeding conveyer belt 5-19 are arranged on the feeding frame 5-11, the workbench 5-14 is fixedly connected to the feeding frame 5-11, the feeding conveyer belt rollers 5-18 are rotatably supported at two ends of the feeding frame 5-11, the feeding conveyer belt 5-19 is stretched on the two feeding rollers 5-18, and the material conveying side of the feeding conveyer belt 5-19 is supported on the workbench 5-14. The rear end of the feeding frame 5-11 is also provided with a feeding side backup plate 5-3 and a side pressure wheel bracket 5-4. The feeding frame 5-11 is fixedly provided with a side pressing frame fixing seat 5-15, the mounting arm of the side pressing wheel support 5-4 is provided with an adjusting long groove, a bolt of the side pressing wheel locking handle 5-16 penetrates through the long groove to mount the side pressing wheel support 5-4 on the side pressing frame fixing seat 5-15, and the position of the side pressing wheel support 5-4 can be adjusted through the side pressing wheel locking handle 5-16.
As shown in fig. 4, three side pressure swing arms 5-2 are equally hinged on the side pressure wheel bracket 5-4. The overhanging end of the side pressure swing arm 5-2 opposite to the hinged end is rotatably supported with a side pressure roller 5-1, a side pressure spring 5-5 is supported between the side pressure swing arm 5-2 and the side pressure roller bracket 5-4, and the elasticity of the side pressure spring 5-5 is applied to the timber to be cut through the side pressure swing arm 5-2 and the side pressure roller 5-1. The lateral pressing wheel 5-1 at the overhanging end of the lateral pressing swing arm 5-2 is opposite to the feeding lateral leaning plate 5-3 in position to form a feeding channel for wood to be cut. A material control baffle 5-7 is arranged at the front end of the feeding channel.
As shown in fig. 5, two baffle supports 5-6 are fixedly installed on a feeding frame 5-11, and a material control baffle 5-7 is adjustably installed on the two baffle supports 5-6 through a baffle adjusting handle 5-20, so that the material control baffle 5-7 is positioned above a feeding conveyor belt 5-19, a wood channel gap to be cut is formed between the lower end surface of the material control baffle 5-7 and the feeding conveyor belt 5-19, the ratio of the gap B to the thickness H of the wood to be cut is B/h=1.5, but the gap B/h=1.8-1.2 is required to be controlled, and therefore, cut wood only passes through one by one.
The movable table top 5-12 is also adjustably covered and installed on the working table top 5-14 at the front side of the material control baffle plate 5-7, and the movable table top 5-12 is provided with a material storage movable backup plate 5-13. The worktable 5-14 is also fixedly provided with a storage side backup plate 5-9, and the storage side backup plate 5-9 corresponds to the storage movable backup plate 5-13 in position, so that a storage space for storing timber to be cut is formed between the storage side backup plate and the storage movable backup plate. The space between the material storage side backup plate 5-9 and the material storage movable backup plate 5-13 can be changed by adjusting the position of the movable table top 5-12 so as to form material storage spaces with different sizes. The storage space is positioned at the front side of the material control baffle 5-7.
The movable table top 5-12 is also fixedly provided with a guide reed 5-8, the guide reed 5-8 is a piece of spring, and the guide reed 5-8 is positioned between the material control baffle 5-7 and the side pressing wheel 5-1, so that after the wood to be cut passes through a gap between the material control baffle 5-7 and the feeding conveyer belt 5-9, the wood to be cut is guided by the guide reed 5-8 to enter a feeding channel between the feeding side backup plate 5-3 and the side pressing wheel 5-1.
In the cut-off material conveying device 2 shown in fig. 6, a front section conveying belt 2-7 and a rear section conveying belt 2-1 are respectively arranged on a conveying frame 2-8 along the length direction. The front section conveying belt 2-7 is stretched on the two corresponding front section conveying belt rollers 2-12, the rear section conveying belt 2-1 is stretched on the two corresponding rear section conveying belt rollers 2-14, and the front section conveying belt rollers 2-12 and the rear section conveying belt rollers 2-14 are both rotatably supported on the conveying frame 2-8. The conveyor belt driving motor 2-16 is in transmission connection with the front section conveyor belt 2-7 and the rear section conveyor belt 2-1 through a transmission 2-17. A supporting panel is fixedly arranged on the conveying frame 2-8 and respectively supported on the lower sides of the conveying belts of the front section conveying belt 2-7 and the rear section conveying belt 2-1.
A feeding backup plate 2-6 is fixedly arranged on one side edge length direction of the feeding rack 2-8, a front section movable backup plate 2-11 and a rear section movable backup plate 2-15 are adjustably arranged on the other side of the feeding rack 2-8, and the front section movable backup plate 2-11 and the rear section movable backup plate 2-15 are positioned in the same vertical plane and are parallel to the feeding path direction of the conveying belt and the feeding backup plate 2-6. The front section movable backup plate 2-11 corresponds to the front section conveying belt 2-7, a timber front section conveying channel is formed between the section movable backup plate 2-11 and the feeding backup plate 2-6, the rear section movable backup plate 2-15 corresponds to the rear section conveying belt 2-1, and a timber rear section conveying channel is formed between the rear section movable backup plate 2-15 and the feeding backup plate 2-6. The front movable backup plate 2-11 is connected to the corresponding backup plate support 2-10 through the backup plate adjusting handle 2-9, and the rear movable backup plate 2-15 is also connected. The backup plate support 2-10 is fixedly arranged on the material rack 2-8 and is also connected to the corresponding backup plate support 2-10 through the corresponding backup plate adjusting handle 2-9.
A picking roller 2-4 is arranged between a front section conveying belt roller 2-12 and a rear section conveying belt roller 2-14 adjacent to the front section conveying belt 2-7 and the rear section conveying belt 2-1, the picking roller 2-4 is arranged on a conveying frame 2-8 through a corresponding mounting seat, an adjusting long groove is arranged at a corresponding mounting position of the picking roller mounting seat or the conveying frame 8 so as to adjust the mounting position of the picking roller 2-4, and a certain gap distance is reserved between the picking roller 2-4 and the conveying belt roller thereof.
A material control baffle plate 2-5 is suspended above the material rejecting roller 2-4, and the material control baffle plate 2-5 is fixedly arranged on the material conveying frame 2-8 through a material control baffle plate bracket 2-13. A material control switch 2-3 is arranged above the rear section conveyor belt 2-1, the material control switch 2-3 is a common position switch or travel switch, and the material control switch 2-3 is fixedly arranged on a material conveying frame 2-8 through a switch bracket 2-2. A material pressing wheel 2-18 is arranged above the tail end position of the rear section conveyor belt 2-1, and the material pressing wheel 2-18 is also rotatably supported on the material conveying frame 2-8 through a corresponding bracket.
As shown in fig. 7, the ratio b/h=1.5 of the gap b between the lower end face of the material control baffle 2-5 and the uppermost bus bar of the picking roller 2-4 to the thickness h of the cut timber 2-19 is between b/h=1.8-1.2 to ensure that the conveying timber passes through the gap channel one by one, the spacing L between the picking roller 2-4 and the front conveyor belt 2-7 is an adjustable spacing, and the spacing L should be greater than the set length of the waste material but less than the length of the useful cut timber so that the useful material passes through and the waste material falls down for removal.
The sorting pusher 3 shown in fig. 8, wherein the sorting pusher 3 is composed of a pushing cylinder 3-4 and a pushing plate 3-3 which are arranged on a material conveying rack 2-8, and the pushing plate 3-3 is fixedly connected to the front end of a piston rod of the pushing cylinder 3-4; a protective baffle 3-1 is arranged on one side of the relative position of the pushing plate 3-3, and the protective baffle 3-1 is also arranged on the material conveying rack 2-8 through a corresponding bracket so as to prevent the wood pushed by the pushing plate 3-3 from being ejected.
As with the planer 1 of fig. 9 and 10, the planer 1 is a four-sided planer, but may be a double-sided planer. The four-side planing and milling machine comprises a machine body 1-11, wherein a workbench 1-10 is arranged on the machine body 1-11, and the workbench 1-10 is used for supporting and planing timber. The machine body 1-11 is sequentially supported with a rough planing lower planing tool 1-7, a finish planing lower planing tool 1-6 and an upper planing tool 1-2, wherein the rough planing lower planing tool 1-7, the finish planing lower planing tool 1-6 and the upper planing tool 1-2 are sequentially arranged along a timber feeding path from front to back; the rough planing lower planing tool 1-7 and the finish planing lower planing tool 1-6 are positioned in the same planing plane which is lower than the planing plane in which the upper planing tool is positioned, and the channel formed between the two planing planes is a timber feeding channel. The planing tools and the cutter shafts thereof can be adjusted in a vertical sliding way relative to the machine body 1-11, and the cutter shafts thereof are mutually connected with the main motors 1-12 through belt transmission pairs. The machine body 1-11 is also vertically supported with a left vertical cutter 1-3 and a right vertical cutter 1-4, and the axes of the cutter shafts of the left vertical cutter 1-3 and the right vertical cutter 1-4 are mutually perpendicular to the axes of the cutter shafts of the rough planing lower planing cutter 1-7, the finish planing lower planing cutter 1-6 and the upper planing cutter 1-2. The left vertical cutter 1-3 and the right vertical cutter 1-4 are respectively positioned at the left side and the right side of the timber feeding path, and the left vertical cutter 1-3 and the right vertical cutter 1-4 are positioned at the left side and the right side of the timber feeding path between the finish planing lower planing cutter 1-6 and the upper planing cutter 1-2. An air suction presser foot assembly 1-1 and a feeding roller assembly 1-5 are also arranged on the machine body 1-11, and the position of the air suction presser foot assembly 1-1 corresponds to that of the upper planing tool 1-2. The feeding roller assembly 1-5 comprises an upper feeding roller 1-8 and a lower feeding roller 1-16, wherein the front end of the machine body 1-11 is fixedly connected with a side standing roller mounting seat 1-15, and a plurality of timber guiding side standing rollers 1-14 are rotatably mounted on the side standing roller mounting seat 1-15; the front end of the machine body 1-11 is also provided with a timber guiding device 1-9, and the timber guiding device 1-9 corresponds to the position of the timber guiding side vertical roller 1-14. During planing, the planed timber 1-13 is fed into a planing machine from a timber guide channel between the timber guide device 1-9 and the timber guide side vertical roller 1-14 for planing.
As shown in fig. 11, the feed roller assembly 1-5 includes a feed frame lifting rail 502 and a feed frame beam 503, the feed frame beam 503 is slidably supported on the feed frame lifting rail 502, the feed frame lifting rail 502 includes a sliding rail seat and a sliding rail, the sliding rail seat is fixedly mounted on the machine body 1-11, the sliding rail is slidably supported on the sliding rail seat, and the feed frame beam 503 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the sliding rail. The lower end of the sliding guide rail is connected with a feeding frame lifting transmission pair 501, the feeding frame lifting transmission pair 501 is a screw-nut pair, a screw of the screw-nut pair is fixedly connected with the sliding guide rail, and a nut of the screw-nut pair is rotatably supported on the machine body 1-11. The feeding frame beam 503 is in a beam structure, feeding frame lifting guide rails 502 are respectively supported at two ends of the feeding frame beam 503, each feeding frame lifting guide rail 502 is correspondingly provided with a feeding frame lifting transmission pair 501, a nut of each feeding frame lifting transmission pair 501 is connected with a lifting transmission shaft 510 through a worm gear pair, the lifting transmission shafts 510 are connected with a feeding frame lifting motor 509 through a coupler, the feeding frame lifting motor 509 is started to drive the feeding frame lifting transmission pair 501, and the feeding frame beam 503 is driven to slide up and down through the feeding frame lifting guide rails 502.
A feeding roller driving motor 507 is fixedly arranged on the feeding frame beam 503, the feeding roller driving motor 507 is in transmission connection with a feeding roller driving shaft through a feeding roller transmission pair, the feeding roller transmission pair is a belt transmission pair, and the feeding roller driving shaft is a transmission long shaft parallel to the upper feeding frame beam. A feed roller speed reducer is fixedly supported on the feed frame beam 503, and a feed roller driving shaft is in driving connection with each feed roller speed reducer. Each feed roller speed reducer comprises two power output shafts, each power output shaft has the same output rotation speed, the two power output shafts are respectively connected with one ends of an upper feed roller driving universal joint and a lower feed roller driving universal joint, and the other ends of the upper feed roller driving universal joint and the lower feed roller driving universal joint are respectively connected with corresponding upper feed rollers 1-8 and lower feed rollers 1-16.
A follow-up pinch roller cylinder 505 is also mounted on the feeding frame beam 503, a piston rod end of the follow-up pinch roller cylinder is connected with a follow-up pinch roller frame 506, the follow-up pinch roller frame 506 straddles the corresponding upper feeding roller 8, and the follow-up pinch roller cylinder 505 is mounted on the feeding frame beam 503 through a cylinder mounting seat 504.
As shown in fig. 12 and 13, two follower cylinders 505 are connected to the follower puck frame 506, and the piston ends of the follower cylinders 505 are hinged to the follower puck frame 506. Three feeding roller riding grooves 511 are formed in the follow-up pinch roller frame 506, and when the feeding roller riding grooves 511 are formed in the follow-up pinch roller frame 506, the follow-up pinch roller frame 506 rides on the corresponding upper feeding rollers 1-8 at intervals. The follow-up pinch roller frame 506 is rotatably provided with a follow-up pinch roller 508, the working section of the follow-up pinch roller 508 and the working sections of the upper feed rollers 1-8 are positioned on the same working plane, so that the follow-up pinch roller 508 and the upper feed rollers 1-8 are pressed on the upper surface of timber, the follow-up pinch roller 508 is provided with three rolling bearings, and the three rolling shafts are rotatably supported on the follow-up pinch roller frame 506 through bearing cores.
As shown in fig. 14 and 15, the air suction presser foot assembly 1-1 includes a presser foot holder 102, a rear presser foot assembly 101 fixedly mounted on the rear side of the presser foot holder 102, and a front presser foot assembly fixedly mounted on the front side of the presser foot holder 102, the front presser foot assembly including a front presser foot holder 104 and a front presser foot claw 110 supported on the front presser foot holder 104. The front presser foot assembly and the rear presser foot assembly 101 are all universal presser foot assemblies for planing and milling machines. An air suction cover 103 is fixedly arranged on the presser foot seat 102, the upper planing tool 1-2 is positioned in the cavity of the presser foot seat 102, and the air suction cover 103 is communicated with the cavity of the presser foot seat 102 so as to suck planing wood dust during planing. A presser foot follower pinch roller carriage 107 is slidably supported by a slide rail 106 on the front presser foot base 104.
As shown in fig. 16 and 17, the cross section of the presser foot follow-up pinch roller slide 107 is in an L-shaped structure, a presser foot follow-up pinch roller 108 is rotatably supported on a lower end cross arm of the presser foot follow-up pinch roller seat 107, the presser foot follow-up pinch roller 108 is a rolling bearing, two pinch roller shafts are supported on the cross arm of the presser foot follow-up pinch roller seat 107, three rolling bearings are rotatably supported on each pinch roller shaft, so that two groups of presser foot follow-up pinch rollers 108 are formed, axial lines of the two groups of presser foot follow-up pinch rollers 108 are parallel to each other, and the lower end cross arm of the presser foot follow-up pinch roller seat 107 and the presser foot follow-up pinch roller 108 on the lower end cross arm extend into the front lower side of the front pinch roller 110. And is pressed against the timber together with the front presser finger 110. The presser foot follower pinch roller seat 107 is vertically provided with a spring groove in which an adjusting spring 112 is installed, an adjusting nut pair 111 is also installed on the front presser foot seat 104, and the adjusting spring 112 is supported between the adjusting nut pair 111 and the follower pinch roller slider 107. The nut of the adjusting nut pair 111 is fixedly arranged on the front presser foot base 104, the front end of the screw rod of the adjusting nut pair 111 is contacted with the upper end of the adjusting spring 112, and the pressing force of the spring to the presser foot follow-up pressing wheel 108 can be adjusted by screwing the adjusting screw rod. A pinch roller spring 109 is supported between the lower end arm of the presser foot follower pinch roller seat 107 and the front presser foot seat 104, and the resultant force of the pinch roller spring 109 and the adjustment spring 112 is applied to the presser foot follower pinch roller 108.
As shown in fig. 18 and 19, the timber guiding device 1-9 comprises a guiding support 901, and the guiding support 901 is fixedly connected to the main body 1-11. A slide cover plate 902 is fixedly installed on the guide support 901, a guide slide 903 is slidably supported on the guide support 901 through the slide cover plate 902, a slide locking device 912 is installed on the guide slide 903, and the slide locking device 912 is of a common nut and screw structure with a handle. A screw-nut pair is provided between the guide support 901 and the guide slide 903 so as to adjust the position of the guide slide 903. The screw-nut pair comprises an adjusting screw 913 and an adjusting nut 914, the adjusting nut 914 is fixedly supported on the guide support 901, the adjusting screw 913 is rotatably supported on the guide support 901, and the front end of the adjusting screw 913 is fixedly connected with the guide slide plate 903.
A slide top cover 916 is fixedly connected to the upper bottom of the guide slide 903, and a guide drive sprocket 911, a guide sprocket 905, a tension sprocket 909, and a wrap sprocket 904 are positioned in a sprocket chamber formed by the guide slide 903 and the slide top cover 916. A transmission motor 918 is mounted on the slide cover 916, an output shaft of the transmission motor 918 passes through the slide cover 916 and extends into the sprocket chamber, and a transmission drive sprocket 911 is fixedly mounted on an output shaft end of the transmission motor 918. The wrap sprocket 904 is provided on both sides of the guide drive wheel 911, and the wrap sprocket 904 and the tension sprocket 909 are rotatably supported on the guide slide 903. Six guide sprockets 905 are rotatably supported on the guide slide 903, and the axes of the six guide sprockets 905 and the tension sprocket 909 are aligned. A guide chain 910 is engaged with the guide drive sprocket 911, the wrap angle sprocket 904, the guide sprocket 905, and the tension sprocket 909 in a tensioning manner, and a plurality of rows of bush roller chains are used for each of the sprockets and the chains.
As shown in fig. 20, 21 and 22, a guide sprocket 905 is rotatably mounted on one end of a sprocket swing arm 906, the sprocket swing arm 906 is hinged to a swing arm support 907, a hold-down spring 908 is supported between the other end of the sprocket swing arm 906 and the swing arm support 907, and the swing arm support 907 is fixedly mounted on a guide slide 903. The spring pressing force of the pressing spring 908 is applied to the timber being conveyed by the sprocket swing arm 906, the guide sprocket 905 and the guide chain 910. The timber being guided is located on the timber guide channel formed by the guide chain 910 and the guide side rollers 1-14.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a high-speed preferred section finish planing production line, includes preferred section saw (4) and plane mill (1), its characterized in that: the optimized cutting saw (4) is connected with the planing and milling machine (1) through a cutting material conveying device (2), a feeding conveying device (5) is connected to the feeding end of the optimized cutting saw (4), and a sorting pusher (3) is further arranged on the cutting material conveying device (2); the feeding conveying device (5) comprises a feeding frame (5-11), a working table (5-14) and a feeding conveying belt (5-19) are arranged on the feeding frame (5-11), the feeding conveying belt (5-19) is supported on the working table (5-14), a feeding side backup plate (5-3) and a side pressure wheel bracket (5-4) are also arranged on the feeding frame (5-11), a side pressure swing arm (5-2) is hinged on the side pressure wheel bracket (5-4), a side pressure wheel (5-1) is rotatably supported at the extending end of the side pressure swing arm (5-2), a side pressure spring (5-5) is supported between the side pressure swing arm (5-2) and the side pressure wheel bracket (5-4), and a feeding channel is formed between the oppositely arranged feeding side backup plate (5-3) and the side pressure wheel (5-1); a material control baffle (2-5) is arranged on the working table surface (5-14), and the ratio of a gap B between the material control baffle (2-5) and the feeding conveyer belt (5-19) to the thickness H of the timber (5-10) is B/H=1.8-1.2; the movable table top (5-12) is adjustably arranged on the working table top (5-14), the movable material storage backup plate (5-13) is fixedly connected to the movable table top (5-12), the material storage side backup plate (5-9) is fixedly arranged on the working table top (5-14), the material storage side backup plate (5-9) corresponds to the material storage movable backup plate (5-13) in position, and a material storage space is formed between the material storage side backup plate (5-9) and the material storage movable backup plate (5-13); a guide reed (5-8) is fixedly arranged on the movable table top (5-12); the cut-off conveying device (2) comprises a conveying rack (2-8), a front section conveying belt (2-7) and a rear section conveying belt (2-1) are arranged on the conveying rack (2-8), a feeding backup plate (2-6) is fixedly arranged on one side of the conveying rack (2-8), a front section movable backup plate (2-11) and a rear section movable backup plate (2-15) are adjustably arranged on the other side of the conveying rack (2-8), the positions of the front section movable backup plate (2-11) and the front section conveying belt (2-7) are corresponding, and the positions of the rear section movable backup plate (2-15) and the rear section conveying belt (2-1) are corresponding; a material picking roller (2-4) is arranged between the front section conveying belt (2-7) and the rear section conveying belt (2-1), and a material control baffle (2-5) is arranged above the material picking roller (2-4); the material control baffle (2-5) is fixedly arranged on the material conveying rack (2-8) through a material control baffle bracket (2-13), and the ratio b/h=1.8-1.2 of the gap b between the material control baffle (2-5) and the material picking roller (2-4) to the thickness h of the cut timber (2-19); a material control switch (2-3) is arranged above the rear section conveyor belt (2-1); the milling machine comprises a machine body (1-11) and a workbench (1-10) fixedly connected to the machine body (1-11), a feeding roller assembly (1-5) is connected to the machine body (1-11), an upper feeding roller (1-8) of the feeding roller assembly (1-5) is positioned above the workbench (1-10), a lower feeding roller (1-16) of the feeding roller assembly (1-5) corresponds to the table surface of the workbench (1-10), a rotatable left vertical cutter (1-3) and a rotatable right vertical cutter (1-4) are vertically supported on the machine body (1-11), the left vertical cutter (1-3) and the right vertical cutter (1-4) are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side of a timber feeding channel, a rotatable rough planing lower cutter (1-7), a finish planing lower cutter (1-6) and an upper planing cutter (1-2) are horizontally supported on the machine body (1-11), and the rough planing lower cutters (1-7), the finish planing lower cutters (1-6) and the upper planing cutters (1-2) are sequentially positioned along the rough planing lower cutter (1-7) and the upper planing cutter (1-2) after the front facing the upper planing cutter (1-2); the feeding roller assembly (1-5) comprises a feeding frame cross beam (503), the feeding frame cross beam (503) is slidably supported on the machine body (1-11) through a feeding frame lifting guide rail (502), the feeding frame lifting guide rail (502) is also in transmission connection with a feeding frame lifting motor (509) through a feeding frame lifting transmission pair (501), a plurality of upper feeding rollers (1-8) and lower feeding rollers (1-16) are supported on the feeding frame cross beam (503), each upper feeding roller (1-8) and each lower feeding roller (1-16) are in transmission connection with a feeding roller driving motor (507), a follow-up pinch roller cylinder (505) is further mounted on the feeding frame cross beam (503), a follow-up pinch roller frame (506) is connected with a piston rod end of the follow-up pinch roller cylinder (505), the follow-up pinch roller frame (506) rides on the corresponding upper feeding roller (1-8), a follow-up pinch roller (508) is rotatably supported on the follow-up pinch roller frame (506), and the working plane of the follow-up pinch roller (508) is in the same plane as the working plane of the upper feeding rollers (1-8); an air suction presser foot assembly (1-1) is arranged on the outer side of the upper planing tool (1-2), the air suction presser foot assembly (1-1) comprises a presser foot seat (102), a front presser foot seat (104) is fixedly arranged on the front side of the presser foot seat (102), a front presser foot claw (110) is supported on the front presser foot seat (104), a presser foot follow-up pinch roller sliding seat (107) is slidingly supported on the front presser foot seat (104), a presser foot follow-up pinch roller (108) is rotatably supported at the lower end of the presser foot follow-up pinch roller sliding seat (107), an adjusting nut pair (111) is further arranged on the front presser foot seat (104), and an adjusting spring (112) is supported between the adjusting nut pair (111) and the presser foot follow-up pinch roller sliding seat (107); the wood feeding machine is characterized in that a plurality of wood guiding side standing rollers (1-14) are rotatably arranged at the front end of the machine body (1-11) through side standing roller mounting seats (1-15), a wood guiding device (1-9) is further arranged at the front end of the machine body (1-11), the wood guiding device (1-9) comprises a guiding support (901) and a guiding sliding plate (903) which is slidably supported on the guiding support (901), the guiding support (901) is fixedly connected to the machine body (1-11), a plurality of guiding chain wheels (905) and guiding driving chain wheels (911) are arranged on the guiding sliding plate (903), guiding chains (910) are stretched on the guiding chain wheels (905) and the guiding driving chain wheels (911), a wood guiding channel is formed between the guiding chains (910) corresponding to the guiding chain wheels (905) and the guiding side standing rollers (1-14), and the wood guiding channel is connected with the wood feeding channel.
2. The high-speed, preferably truncated fine planing line according to claim 1, characterized in that: at least two side pressure swing arms (5-2) are hinged on the side pressure wheel support (5-4), and the extending end of each side pressure swing arm (5-2) is rotatably supported with a side pressure wheel (5-1).
3. The high-speed, preferably truncated fine planing line according to claim 1, characterized in that: the picking rollers (2-4) are arranged between the front section conveying belt (2-7) and the rear section conveying belt (2-1) at intervals, and the distance L between the picking rollers (2-4) and the front section conveying belt (2-7) is an adjustable distance.
4. The high-speed, preferably truncated fine planing line according to claim 1, characterized in that: the material control switch (2-3) is a position switch, the material control switch (2-3) is fixedly arranged on the material conveying rack (2-8) through a switch bracket (2-2), and a rotatable material pressing wheel (2-18) is arranged above the tail end position of the rear section conveying belt (2-1).
5. The high-speed, preferably truncated fine planing line according to claim 1, characterized in that: the sorting pusher (3) consists of a pushing cylinder (3-4) and a pushing plate (3-3) which are arranged on the material conveying frame (2-8), and the pushing plate (3-3) is fixedly connected to the front end of a piston rod of the pushing cylinder (3-4).
6. The high-speed, preferably truncated fine planing line according to claim 1, characterized in that: an air suction cover (103) is fixedly connected to the presser foot seat (102), and a rear presser foot assembly (101) is fixedly arranged at the rear side of the presser foot seat (102); the presser foot follow-up pinch roller sliding seat (107) is slidably supported on the front presser foot seat (104) through a sliding rail (106); the presser foot follow-up pinch roller sliding seat (107) is of an L-shaped structure, two groups of presser foot follow-up pinch rollers (108) are rotatably supported at the lower end of the presser foot follow-up pinch roller sliding seat (107), and rolling center lines of the two groups of presser foot follow-up pinch rollers (108) are parallel to each other; a spring groove is formed in the presser foot follow-up pressing wheel sliding seat (107), an adjusting spring (112) is positioned in the spring groove, the adjusting nut pair (111) is arranged on the front presser foot seat (104) through a nut of the adjusting nut pair (111), and the nut of the adjusting nut pair (111) is contacted with the adjusting spring (112); a pinch roller spring (109) is supported between the pinch roller follow-up pinch roller sliding seat (107) and the front pinch roller seat (104).
7. The high-speed, preferably truncated fine planing line according to claim 1, characterized in that: the upper end of the guide sliding plate (903) is fixedly connected with a sliding plate top cover (916), a guide driving sprocket (911) and a guide sprocket (905) are positioned in a cavity formed by the guide sliding plate (903) and the sliding plate top cover (916), a guide motor (918) is arranged on the sliding plate top cover (916), and the guide driving sprocket (911) is fixedly arranged at the output shaft end of the guide motor (918); a tension sprocket (909) is rotatably supported by the guide slide (903), and the centers of rotation of the guide sprocket (905) and the tension sprocket (909) are positioned on the same line.
8. The high-speed, preferably truncated fine planing line according to claim 1, characterized in that: the guide and transmission chain wheel (905) is rotatably arranged at one end of a chain wheel swing arm (906), the chain wheel swing arm (906) is hinged on a swing arm support (907), and a compression spring (908) is supported between the other end of the chain wheel swing arm (906) and the swing arm support (907); the swing arm support (907) is fixedly arranged on the guide sliding plate (903).
CN201811016023.6A 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line Active CN109203085B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811016023.6A CN109203085B (en) 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811016023.6A CN109203085B (en) 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109203085A CN109203085A (en) 2019-01-15
CN109203085B true CN109203085B (en) 2023-09-05

Family

ID=64986633

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811016023.6A Active CN109203085B (en) 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109203085B (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110587806B (en) * 2019-08-31 2023-11-21 杭州春风机械工程股份有限公司 Pinch roller driving device for swing arm type lining machine and working method thereof
CN112339023A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-09 深圳市集美新材料股份有限公司 Plate planing machine
CN116117934B (en) * 2023-02-06 2023-12-01 江苏一启集成木业有限公司 Guiding type four-side planing and milling machine

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB937118A (en) * 1961-05-09 1963-09-18 Mohogs Mek Verkst Ab Improved apparatus for sawing wall-board sheets
EP0956932A2 (en) * 1998-05-14 1999-11-17 Franz Gutser Device for cutting up elongated work pieces
CN2902626Y (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-05-23 江苏江佳机械有限公司 Optimized cutting saw of carpenter
CN200984762Y (en) * 2006-12-05 2007-12-05 杨焕利 Wood finger-joint machine
CN201410685Y (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-02-24 翁志纯 Woodwork full-automatic up-and-down multi-board four-side sawing machine tool
CN106003260A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-12 金华市强宏板式家具机械有限公司 Heavy-cut double-faced woodworking thickness planer and processing method thereof
CN205674308U (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 福建省得力机电有限公司 Slasher saw lumber production line
CN206030090U (en) * 2016-07-16 2017-03-22 江苏江佳机械有限公司 Horizontal preferred machine that saw cuts with short material guide function
CN107866868A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-03 江苏江佳机械有限公司 Fine Double-faced wood planer
CN210046774U (en) * 2018-09-01 2020-02-11 江苏江佳机械有限公司 High-speed cut-off finish planing production line

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB937118A (en) * 1961-05-09 1963-09-18 Mohogs Mek Verkst Ab Improved apparatus for sawing wall-board sheets
EP0956932A2 (en) * 1998-05-14 1999-11-17 Franz Gutser Device for cutting up elongated work pieces
CN2902626Y (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-05-23 江苏江佳机械有限公司 Optimized cutting saw of carpenter
CN200984762Y (en) * 2006-12-05 2007-12-05 杨焕利 Wood finger-joint machine
CN201410685Y (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-02-24 翁志纯 Woodwork full-automatic up-and-down multi-board four-side sawing machine tool
CN205674308U (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 福建省得力机电有限公司 Slasher saw lumber production line
CN206030090U (en) * 2016-07-16 2017-03-22 江苏江佳机械有限公司 Horizontal preferred machine that saw cuts with short material guide function
CN106003260A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-12 金华市强宏板式家具机械有限公司 Heavy-cut double-faced woodworking thickness planer and processing method thereof
CN107866868A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-03 江苏江佳机械有限公司 Fine Double-faced wood planer
CN210046774U (en) * 2018-09-01 2020-02-11 江苏江佳机械有限公司 High-speed cut-off finish planing production line

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN109203085A (en) 2019-01-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102390063B (en) Back loading high-speed computer panel saw
CN202367813U (en) After-loading high-speed computer cut-to-size saw
CN109203085B (en) High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line
WO2018014464A1 (en) High-speed cut-off saw of numerical control
CN109333656B (en) Automatic plate linear grooving machine and processing method thereof
CN210046774U (en) High-speed cut-off finish planing production line
US6216756B1 (en) Log processing apparatus
CN205415878U (en) Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter
CN211682550U (en) V-shaped wood conveying device
CN108515581B (en) Solid wood cutting machine
CN111804987A (en) Bilateral device is cut to panel of composite sheet production line
CN205415877U (en) Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter
CN114833901B (en) Efficient material-saving wood sawing and planing integrated device
CN110653880A (en) Automatic processing machine for woodworking saw cutting with suspended cutter
CN100493871C (en) Lumber slicer
CN110814838A (en) Automatic tooth opening manipulator device
CN202367811U (en) Boosting mechanism of back-feeding high speed computer cut-to-size saw
US3687269A (en) Apparatus for edging and resawing lumber
CN201030602Y (en) Log slicer
CN201098928Y (en) Multi-row horizontal woodworking band sawing machine
CN210436314U (en) Device for forming comb teeth at end part of finger joint material
CN210173041U (en) Automatic processing machine for lock beam
CN219445382U (en) Make things convenient for log sawing machine of pay-off
CN111376357A (en) Automatic trimming system for wood board veneer
CN210500647U (en) Multi-disc sawing machine with dig smooth function from top to bottom

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant