CN205415878U - Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter - Google Patents

Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN205415878U
CN205415878U CN201620208600.1U CN201620208600U CN205415878U CN 205415878 U CN205415878 U CN 205415878U CN 201620208600 U CN201620208600 U CN 201620208600U CN 205415878 U CN205415878 U CN 205415878U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
bit shaft
planing
fixing device
surfacer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201620208600.1U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋燚
Original Assignee
宋燚
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 宋燚 filed Critical 宋燚
Priority to CN201620208600.1U priority Critical patent/CN205415878U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205415878U publication Critical patent/CN205415878U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses an adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter belongs to the surfacer in the timber processing technology field, and its aim at provides the four sides planing wood machine that a planer tool can reciprocate. Its technical scheme does: including the frame, set gradually feeding mechanism, level planing mechanism, vertical plane in the frame and cut mechanism and feeding mechanism, level planing mechanism includes first support body, and first support body includes first bottom plate, first stand and first roof, and the cover is equipped with first movable plate on the first stand, be connected with down planer tool axle fixing device on the upper surface of first bottom plate, the lower surface of first movable plate respectively, go up planer tool axle fixing device, be connected with down the planer tool axle on the lower planer tool axle fixing device, upward be connected with the planer tool axle on the planer tool axle fixing device, vertical plane cuts and is equipped with left planer tool axle, right planer tool axle in the mechanism respectively. The utility model is suitable for an only require the working face smoothness and do not require the stuff of working face plane degree to carry out the surfacer of planing.

Description

A kind of cutter upper and lower adjustable four sides surfacer
Technical field
This utility model belongs to wood processing technique field, relates to a kind of surfacer.
Background technology
Various wood-planing (milling) machinery is widely used, such as wood processing equipments such as High-Speed Automatic Double-faced wood planer, heavy four side moulder milling machines, to realize the planing operation to timber plane at wood working industry.Existing surfacer generally comprises workbench, arranges moveable planing tool on the table.When cutting sent into by batten woollen, directly cut by the planing tool on surfacer.But, during planing operation, owing to timber also exists the complicated texture structure of various tissue and knot defect, timber machining accuracy and the raising of working (machining) efficiency, planing impact resistance is inevitable, accelerating the abrasion of planing tool, this just requires often to overhaul or more allowing blade replacement, so that planing tool keeps good planing state.
In prior art, the installation substitute mode of planing tool mainly has following two mode: one is to use stationary structure, when the planing tool of this structure is changed, lathe guard shield must be taken apart, debugging replacing on lathe piecewise, this structure operation is inconvenient for, poor stability, especially it is difficult to calibrate the installation site of blade, thus is only suitable on surfacer small-sized, easy.Another kind is to use dismountable structure, when changing planing tool, first sheds the driving belt of mair motor, unclamp the fixing bolt of planing tool mounting seat again, then removal cutter shaft carries out debugging or changing planing tool, this structure not only replacement operation trouble, quite time-consuming, the defects such as planing tool location is inaccurate.
For this, the utility model patent of Application No. 200620077256.3 discloses a kind of Wood planer portable cutter saddle, this Wood planer portable cutter saddle includes cutter blade, for installing bit shaft and the driving wheel of cutter blade, described bit shaft is installed on mobile tool rest, this one end moving tool rest arranges wedge-shaped fibre device, and the other end of mobile tool rest is provided with tool rest retaining mechanism;This movable knife seat supports is on fixing tool rest;Described driving wheel is fixedly installed in drive shaft, and this drive shaft is connected with bit shaft by separating type coupling.There is separating type coupling owing to being connected between fixed rotating shaft with bit shaft, be allowed to complete the transmission of power, and carry out planing and rotate, the separation of two axles can be realized again, and bit shaft is pulled out, to carry out debugging or the replacing of cutter blade.Again due to the end of mobile tool rest side corresponding to fixing cutter shaft be provided with spacing group of row of wedge shape it, this stopping means is i.e. easy to bit shaft and drawing of mobile tool rest moves release, colleague can provide again reliable wedging power to mobile tool rest in place, thus realizes mobile tool rest wedging spacing.
Summary of the invention
Though above-mentioned surfacer can realize planing tool and change the functions such as debugging convenience, simple in construction.But, during the planing operation of the batten used at sofa, the length of the batten that sofa is used is longer, and the flatness of this batten is poor, the place that there is camber on batten is more, and during the planing operation of sofa batten, be not required to the flatness of this batten is processed, and have only to ensure that the work surface of this batten is smooth.To this end, above-mentioned surfacer cannot not require to only requiring work surface smooth that the batten of work surface flatness carries out planing operation efficiently.
Goal of the invention of the present utility model is: the problem existed for prior art, it is provided that a kind of planing tool four sides moving up and down surfacer so that this four sides planing wood machine can carry out the planing operation in four faces to the batten with certain flexibility.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of cutter upper and lower adjustable four sides surfacer, including frame, described frame is disposed with from feed end to discharge end feed mechanism, level planing mechanism, vertical planing mechanism and feed mechanism;Described level planing mechanism include the first support body, described first support body includes the first base plate being fixedly connected in frame, be fixedly connected on the first base plate the first column and the first top board being fixed on the first column, described first column is arranged with the first movable plate that can move axially along the first column;The upper surface of described first base plate, the first movable plate lower surface on be connected to lower bit shaft fixing device, upper bit shaft fixing device, connecting in described lower bit shaft fixing device and have the lower bit shaft for job planing's part bottom surface, described upper bit shaft fixing device connects the upper bit shaft for job planing's part end face;It is respectively provided with the left bit shaft on the planing workpiece left side, the right bit shaft for the workpiece right side of planing in described vertical planing mechanism.
Wherein, connected by the first guide post between described first movable plate and the first top board, between described first movable plate and the first top board, be provided with the first compression spring being set on the first guide post.
Wherein, described vertical planing mechanism includes the second connecting plate being fixedly connected on frame two ends and the second base plate being connected with the second connecting plate;The left side of described second base plate, right side are connected to the second left plate, the second right plate, left driving motor, left bit shaft fixing device it is respectively arranged with on the left surface of described second left plate, right flank, described left bit shaft is connected in left bit shaft fixing device, and described left driving motor is connected by V belt translation, Chain conveyer or gear drive with left bit shaft;Connect between described second left plate, the second right plate and have mobile guide post, the second movable plate that can move axially it is arranged with along mobile guide post on described mobile guide post, right bit shaft fixing device, right driving motor it is connected on the left surface of described second movable plate, right flank, described right bit shaft is connected in right bit shaft fixing device, and described right driving motor is connected by V belt translation, Chain conveyer or gear drive with right bit shaft.
Wherein, the right flank of described second movable plate connecting and has motor to fix post, described motor is fixed the other end of post and is connected with right driving motor after the through hole on the second right plate.
Wherein, between described second connecting plate connect have main body lead, described second base plate to be set on main body lead, and described second base plate can on main body lead moving axially along main body lead.
Wherein, described upper bit shaft fixing device, lower bit shaft fixing device, left bit shaft fixing device and right bit shaft fixing device all include left fixed body and right fixed body, described left fixed body and right fixed body all include connecting plate body and fixed plate body, described connection plate body one end is fixedly connected on the first base plate, the first movable plate, the second left plate or the second movable plate, and the described connection plate body other end is connected with fixed plate body.
Wherein, described fixed plate body tilts to be installed on connection plate body, and the angle α between described connection plate body and fixed plate body is 30 ° to 60 °.
Wherein, described feed mechanism includes being arranged at the 3rd left plate of workpiece both sides, the 3rd right plate, described 3rd left plate, the bottom of the 3rd right plate are fixedly connected in base plate or the frame of feed mechanism, and described 3rd left plate, the top of the 3rd right plate are connected by the 3rd top board;Fixing conveying roller, mobile conveying roller it is provided with between described 3rd left plate and the 3rd right plate, described fixing conveying roller two ends are respectively fixedly connected with on the 3rd left plate, the 3rd right plate, described mobile conveying roller is positioned at above fixing conveying roller, and described mobile conveying roller two ends are movably attached on the 3rd left plate, the 3rd right plate respectively, make mobile conveying roller can move up and down along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate.
Wherein, described 3rd left plate and the 3rd right plate all offering gathering sill, be provided with the slide block that can move along gathering sill length direction in described gathering sill, described mobile conveying roller two ends are respectively fixedly connected with on the slide block of both sides.
Wherein, it is provided with, between described 3rd top board and slide block, the plate that vertically moves being positioned at gathering sill, described vertically moving is provided with vertical links between plate and slide block, it is fixedly connected with a slide block bottom described vertical links, described vertical links top, through vertically moving the through hole on plate and can slide along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate, described vertical links is arranged with in the 3rd compression spring vertically moved between plate and slide block.
In sum, owing to have employed technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, in this utility model, feed mechanism it is provided with in frame, level planing mechanism, vertically plane mechanism, feed mechanism can be to surfacer conveying workpieces or by workpiece output surfacer good for planing operation, level planes mechanism can be to the end face of workpiece to be processed, bottom surface carries out planing operation, vertical planing mechanism can be to the left surface of workpiece to be processed, right flank carries out planing operation, thus when to be processed by this surfacer after, this surfacer end face to workpiece the most, bottom surface, left surface, right flank has carried out planing operation, without multiple faces of workpiece being carried out planing operation on the basis of changing planing tool or conversion workpiece station simultaneously, the planing efficiency of surfacer is greatly improved.This level planing mechanism the first column on be arranged with the first movable plate, this first movable plate can on the first column moving axially along the first column;Lower bit shaft is fixedly connected in the first base plate or frame, connect on first movable plate and have the upper bit shaft fixing device for connecting upper bit shaft, make bit shaft with the first movable plate moving axially along the first column, thus upper gap between bit shaft and lower bit shaft can be changed;When upper surface or lower surface existence depression, projection or the bending of workpiece, upper bit shaft can move up and down with the track on the upper and lower surface of workpiece, planing tool on bit shaft is enable to be fully contacted with the upper and lower surface of workpiece and it is carried out planing operation, the smooth surface of the workpiece that planing operation goes out, the material got off of planing during planing is less, the material of workpiece be can farthest utilize, waste and the damage of material reduced;Cutting force suffered by planing tool is less, thus during planing operation, abrasion or the damage of planing tool reduce, the life-span when of significantly extending planing tool, saves energy.
2, in this utility model, the first guide post is set between the first movable plate and the first top board, the first guide post is arranged with the first compression spring;When running into existence projection on the upper and lower surface of workpiece when planing, upper bit shaft, upper bit shaft fixing device and the first movable plate by upper shifting and compress the first compression spring, after this projection of having planed, first compression spring recovers deformation, upper bit shaft, upper bit shaft fixing device and the first movable plate move down, the position of bit shaft can be automatically adjusted, the planing tool on bit shaft is enable to be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece, any position of surface of the work is carried out planing operation effectively, thus improves the smoothness of workpiece.
3, in this utility model, the both sides of the second left plate of this mechanism of vertically planing are fixedly connected with left driving motor, left bit shaft fixing device, it is provided with the second movable plate on mobile guide post between second left plate and the second right plate, second movable plate can move along the axis direction of mobile guide post, the both sides of the second movable plate are fixedly connected with right bit shaft fixing device, right driving motor, make right bit shaft, right bit shaft fixing device and the second movable plate can together with move along the axis direction of mobile guide post, thus change the gap between left bit shaft and right bit shaft;When left surface or left surface existence depression, projection or the bending of workpiece, right bit shaft can move left and right with the track of the left and right side of workpiece, planing tool on bit shaft is enable to be fully contacted with the left and right surfaces of workpiece and it is carried out planing operation, the smooth surface of the workpiece that planing operation goes out, the material got off of planing during planing is less, the material of workpiece be can farthest utilize, waste and the damage of material reduced;Cutting force suffered by planing tool is less, thus during planing operation, abrasion or the damage of planing tool reduce, the life-span when of significantly extending planing tool.
4, in this utility model, the right flank of the second mobile edition connects left and right lead, left and right lead is arranged with the second compression spring;When running into existence projection in the left and right surfaces of workpiece when planing, right bit shaft, right bit shaft fixing device and the second movable plate will move to right and compress the second compression spring, after this projection of having planed, second compression spring recovers deformation, right bit shaft, right bit shaft fixing device and the second movable plate move to left, the position of right bit shaft can be automatically adjusted, the planing tool on bit shaft is enable to be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece, any position of surface of the work is carried out planing operation effectively, thus improves the smoothness of workpiece.
5, in this utility model, connecting and have main body lead between the second connecting plate, and the second base plate is set on main body lead, and the second base plate can on main body lead moving axially along main body lead;When planing time run into exist in the left and right surfaces of workpiece bigger raised or sunken time, second base plate will move on main body lead, enable planing tool to be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece, any position of surface of the work is carried out planing operation effectively;After treating this raised or sunken planing operation, the second base plate reversely will move on main body lead, enable planing tool to be closely adhered on the surface of workpiece in real time, thus improve the smoothness of workpiece.
6, in this utility model, bit shaft fixing device includes that left fixed body and right fixed body, two fixed bodies all include connecting plate body and fixed plate body, by tilting to be installed on connection plate body by fixed plate body, the fixed plate body making both sides forms V-structure, it is simple to places or installs bit shaft.
7, in this utility model, the bottom of feed mechanism is fixedly connected with fixing conveying roller, and connecting in the middle part of feed mechanism has mobile conveying roller, and this moves conveying roller and can move up and down along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate of feed mechanism;When the upper and lower surface of workpiece exists raised or sunken, mobile conveying roller will move up and down on side plate, fixing conveying roller is enable to be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece with mobile conveying roller, the conveying of workpiece is completed by the frictional force between conveying roller and the workpiece of rotation, thus realize automatic feed, discharging, improve the working (machining) efficiency of this surfacer, reduce the human cost in the planing wood course of processing.
8, in this utility model, gathering sill is all offered on 3rd left plate and the 3rd right plate, the slide block that can move it is provided with along gathering sill length direction in gathering sill, mobile conveying roller two ends are respectively fixedly connected with on the slide block of both sides, vertically move and between plate and slide block, be provided with vertical links, it is fixedly connected with a slide block bottom vertical links, vertical links top, through vertically moving the through hole on plate and can slide along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate, vertical links is arranged with in the 3rd compression spring vertically moved between plate and slide block;When the upper and lower surface of workpiece exists raised or sunken, band movable slider is moved in gathering sill by mobile conveying roller, and the 3rd compression spring is compressed or stretches;After this raised or sunken position completion of processing, 3rd spring recovers deformation, band movable slider is reversely moved in gathering sill by mobile conveying roller, fixing conveying roller is enable to be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece with mobile conveying roller, the conveying of workpiece is completed by the frictional force between conveying roller and the workpiece of rotation, thus realize automatic feed, discharging, improve the working (machining) efficiency of this surfacer, reduce the human cost in the planing wood course of processing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of level planing mechanism in this utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of vertical mechanism of planing in this utility model;
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the scheme of installation of the second base plate in this utility model;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of bit shaft fixing device in this utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of feed mechanism in this utility model;
nullWherein,Reference is: 1 frame、2 feed mechanisms、3 levels planing mechanism、4 vertically plane mechanism、11 left fixed bodies、12 right fixed bodies、13 connect plate body、14 fixed plate bodies、23 vertically move plate、24 the 3rd compression springs、25 vertical links、26 slide blocks、27 move conveying roller、28 gathering sills、29 fix conveying roller、211 the 3rd top boards、212 the 3rd right plates、213 the 3rd left plates、32 first movable plates、33 first compression springs、34 first guide posts、Bit shaft on 35、Bit shaft fixing device on 36、37 times bit shaft fixing devices、38 times bit shafts、311 first top boards、312 first columns、313 first base plates、41 second connecting plates、42 main body leads、43 second base plates、44 right driving motors、45 second right plates、46 second movable plates、47 right bit shafts、48 mobile guide posts、49 second left plates、410 left bit shafts、411 left driving motors、412 second compression springs、About 413 leads、414 left bit shaft fixing devices、415 right bit shaft fixing devices、Post fixed by 416 motors.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, this utility model is described in detail.
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, this utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain this utility model, is not used to limit this utility model.
A kind of cutter upper and lower adjustable four sides surfacer, this four sides surfacer be applicable to only require work surface is smooth and do not require that the batten of work surface flatness carries out planing operation.The upper and lower adjustable four side moulder half-pressed bale including rack 1 of this cutter, this frame 1 is placed directly on ground.Feed mechanism 2, level planing mechanism 3 and vertical planing mechanism 4 it is provided with in this frame 1, this feed mechanism 2 arranges two groups, and set gradually as feed mechanism 2, level planing mechanism 3, vertical planing mechanism 4 and feed mechanism 2 in frame 1 from feed end to discharge end, workpiece is made first to be sent in surfacer through feed mechanism 2, secondly the level planing mechanism 3 of surfacer carries out planing operation to upper surface, the lower surface of workpiece simultaneously, then the vertical planing mechanism 4 of surfacer carries out planing operation to the left and right side of workpiece simultaneously, after export through feed mechanism 2.
This level planing mechanism 3 include the first support body, this first support body includes the first base plate the 313, first column 312 and the first top board 311, and this first base plate 313 is fixedly connected in frame 1.Being fixedly connected with the first column 312 on first base plate 313, this first column 312 is set to four, and lays respectively at four angles of the first base plate 313.Certainly, the bottom of these four first columns 312 also can directly be fixedly connected in frame 1.First top board 311 is positioned at the top of the first base plate 313, and the first top board 311 is attached by four first columns 312 with the first base plate 313.Being provided with the first movable plate 32 between the first base plate 313 and the first top board 311, this first movable plate 32 is set on the first column 312, and the first movable plate 32 can on the first column 312 axially moving up and down along the first column 312.Connecting on the upper surface of the first base plate 313 and have lower bit shaft fixing device 37, this lower bit shaft fixing device 37 connects the lower bit shaft 38 for job planing's part bottom surface.Connecting on the lower surface of the first movable plate 32 and have upper bit shaft fixing device 36, upper bit shaft fixing device 36 connects the upper bit shaft 35 for job planing's part end face.
It is respectively provided with the left bit shaft 410 on the planing workpiece left side, the right bit shaft 47 for the workpiece right side of planing in this mechanism 4 of vertically planing.
When to be processed by this surfacer after, this surfacer has carried out planing operation to the end face of workpiece, bottom surface, left surface, right flank the most, without multiple faces of workpiece being carried out planing operation on the basis of changing planing tool or conversion workpiece station simultaneously, the planing efficiency of surfacer is greatly improved.This level planing mechanism 3 the first column 312 on be arranged with the first movable plate 32, this first movable plate 32 can on the first column 312 moving axially along the first column 312;Lower bit shaft 38 is fixedly connected in the first base plate 313 or frame 1, connect on first movable plate 32 and have the upper bit shaft fixing device 36 for connecting upper bit shaft 35, make bit shaft 35 with the first movable plate 32 moving axially along the first column 312, thus upper gap between bit shaft 35 and lower bit shaft 38 can be changed;When the upper surface of workpiece or lower surface exist depression or protruding time, upper bit shaft 35 can move up and down with the track on the upper and lower surface of workpiece, planing tool on bit shaft is enable to be fully contacted with the upper and lower surface of workpiece and it is carried out planing operation, the smooth surface of the workpiece that planing operation goes out, the material got off of planing during planing is less, the material of workpiece be can farthest utilize, waste and the damage of material reduced;Cutting force suffered by planing tool is less, thus during planing operation, abrasion or the damage of planing tool reduce, the life-span when of significantly extending planing tool.
Preferably, first movable plate 32 is attached by the first guide post 34 with the first top board 311, wherein the lower end of the first guide post 34 is fixing with the first movable plate 32 is connected, the upper end of the first guide post 34 is through the through hole on the first top board 311, thus the first movable plate 32 moves up and down when, the first guide post 34 can be moved up and down by the through hole on the first top board 311.Being provided with the first compression spring 33 between first movable plate 32 and the first top board 311, this first compression spring 33 is set on the first guide post 34.As preferably, this first guide post 34 is threadeded with the first top board 311, when carrying out planing operation, if there is larger gap between workpiece and bit shaft, the first movable plate 32 axially moving up and down along the first column 312 can be made by rotating the first guide post 34, adjust the distance between workpiece and bit shaft.
When running into existence projection on the upper and lower surface of workpiece when planing, upper bit shaft 35, upper bit shaft fixing device 36 and the first movable plate 32 by upper shifting and compress the first compression spring 33, after this projection of having planed, first compression spring 33 recovers deformation, upper bit shaft 35, upper bit shaft fixing device 36 and the first movable plate 32 move down, the position of bit shaft 35 can be automatically adjusted, the planing tool on bit shaft 35 is enable to be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece, any position of surface of the work is carried out planing operation effectively, thus improves the smoothness of workpiece.
Preferably, this mechanism 4 of vertically planing includes the second connecting plate 41 being fixedly connected in frame 1, and the second connecting plate 41 is set to two pieces, and two piece of second connecting plate 41 lays respectively in frame 1 left and right sides of conveying direction along workpiece.Being provided with the second base plate 43 between second contiguous block, the arranged on left and right sides at the end face of the second base plate 43 is connected to second left plate the 49, second right plate 45, and second left plate the 49, second right plate 45 is all vertically arranged.Left driving motor 411 it is provided with on the left surface of the second left plate 49, left bit shaft fixing device 414 it is provided with on the right flank of the second left plate 49, left bit shaft 410 is connected in left bit shaft fixing device 414, and left driving motor 411 is connected by V belt translation, Chain conveyer or gear drive with left bit shaft 410.It is additionally provided with mobile guide post 48 between second left plate the 49, second right plate 45, this mobile guide post 48 is set to four, and four mobile guide posts 48 are separately positioned on the corner of second left plate the 49, second right plate 45, the two ends, left and right of every mobile guide post 48 are connected with second left plate the 49, second right plate 45 respectively.Be arranged with the second movable plate 46 on mobile guide post 48, this second movable plate 46 can on mobile guide post 48 moving axially along mobile guide post 48.Right bit shaft fixing device 415 it is provided with on the left surface of this second movable plate 46, right bit shaft 47 is connected in right bit shaft fixing device 415, being provided with right driving motor 44 on the right flank of this second movable plate 46, this right driving motor 44 is connected by V belt translation, Chain conveyer or gear drive with right bit shaft 47.
When the left surface of workpiece or left surface exist depression or protruding time, right bit shaft 47 can move left and right with the track of the left and right side of workpiece, planing tool on bit shaft is enable to be fully contacted with the left and right surfaces of workpiece and it is carried out planing operation, the smooth surface of the workpiece that planing operation goes out, the material got off of planing during planing is less, the material of workpiece be can farthest utilize, waste and the damage of material reduced;Cutting force suffered by planing tool is less, thus during planing operation, abrasion or the damage of planing tool reduce, the life-span when of significantly extending planing tool.
Preferably, connecting on the right flank of the second movable plate 46 has motor to fix post 416, motor is fixed the other end of post 416 and is connected with the right driving motor 44 on the right side of the second right plate 45 after the through hole on the second right plate 45 so that right bit shaft the 47, second movable plate 46, motor fix post 416 and right driving motor 44 can together with moving axially along mobile guide post 48.
Preferably, connect on the right flank of the second movable plate 46 and have left and right lead 413, the other end of left and right lead 413 forms free end through the through hole on the second right plate 45, and this left and right lead 413 threadeds with the second right plate 45, left and right lead 413 between the second movable plate 46 and the second right plate 45 is outer is also arranged with the second compression spring 412.When carrying out planing operation, if there is bigger gap between workpiece and bit shaft, the second movable plate 46 moving axially along mobile guide post 48 can be made by rotating left and right lead 413, thus adjust the distance between workpiece and bit shaft.
When running into existence projection in the left and right surfaces of workpiece when planing, right bit shaft 47, right bit shaft fixing device 415 and the second movable plate 46 will move to right and compress the second compression spring 412, after this projection of having planed, second compression spring 412 recovers deformation, right bit shaft 47, right bit shaft fixing device 415 and the second movable plate 46 move to left, the position of right bit shaft 47 can be automatically adjusted, the planing tool on bit shaft is enable to be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece, any position of surface of the work is carried out planing operation effectively, thus improves the smoothness of workpiece.
Preferably, it is provided with main body lead 42 between the second connecting plate 41, this main body lead 42 is set to two, and two main body leads 42 are one in front and one in back arranged along the conveying direction of workpiece, and the two ends of main body lead 42 are fixing with the second connecting plate 41 of both sides is connected.This second base plate 43 is set on main body lead 42, and this second base plate 43 can on main body lead 42 moving axially along main body lead 42.As preferably, spring also it is arranged with on main body lead 42 between the second connecting plate 41 and the second base plate 43, when running into existence projection on workpiece, caving in or bend, when second base plate 43 moves left and right, spring on three-dimensional lead 42 is compressed, when after the projection on workpiece, depression or crooked position completion of processing, spring recovers deformation, forces the second base plate 43 to move, return.
When planing time run into exist in the left and right surfaces of workpiece bigger raised or sunken time, second base plate 43 will move on main body lead 42, enable planing tool to be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece, any position of surface of the work is carried out planing operation effectively;After treating this raised or sunken planing operation, the second base plate 43 reversely will move on main body lead 42, enable planing tool to be closely adhered on the surface of workpiece in real time, thus improve the smoothness of workpiece.
Preferably, upper bit shaft fixing device 36, lower bit shaft fixing device 37, left bit shaft fixing device 414 and right bit shaft fixing device 415 all include left fixed body 11 and right fixed body 12, and left fixed body 11 and right fixed body 12 keep at a certain distance away setting.This left fixed body 11 and right fixed body 12 all include connecting plate body 13 and fixed plate body 14, this connection plate body 13 one end is fixedly connected on first base plate the 313, first movable plate the 32, second left plate 49 or the second movable plate 46, and this connection plate body 13 other end is connected with fixed plate body 14.This fixed plate body 14 is inclined and mounted on connection plate body 13, and the angle α connected between plate body 13 and fixed plate body 14 is 30 ° to 60 °.
By tilting to be installed on connection plate body 13 by fixed plate body 14, the fixed plate body 14 of both sides is made to form V-structure, it is simple to place or bit shaft is installed.
Preferably, this feed mechanism 2 includes that the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212, the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 are respectively arranged at the both sides of workpiece conveying direction.The bottom of the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 is fixedly connected on the base plate of feed mechanism 2 or is directly fixedly connected in frame 1.The top of the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 is connected by the 3rd top board 211 so that the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate the 212, the 3rd top board 211 forms tower structure with base plate or the frame 1 of feed mechanism 2.Fixing conveying roller 29, mobile conveying roller 27 it is provided with between 3rd left plate 213 and the 3rd right plate 212, mobile conveying roller 27, fixing conveying roller 29 are arranged one on the other, the two ends wherein fixing conveying roller 29 are directly fixedly connected on the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212, mobile conveying roller 27 is positioned at above fixing conveying roller 29, and movement conveying roller 27 two ends are movably attached on the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 respectively so that mobile conveying roller 27 can move up and down along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate 213.
When the upper and lower surface of workpiece exists raised or sunken, mobile conveying roller 27 will move up and down on side plate, make fixing conveying roller 29 can be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece with mobile conveying roller 27, the conveying of workpiece is completed by the frictional force between conveying roller and the workpiece of rotation, thus realize automatic feed, discharging, improve the working (machining) efficiency of this surfacer, reduce the human cost in the planing wood course of processing.
Preferably, the 3rd left plate 213 and the 3rd right plate 212 all offering gathering sill 28, the length direction of this gathering sill 28 and the short transverse of the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 are consistent.Being provided with slide block 26 in gathering sill 28, this slide block 26 can move length direction along gathering sill 28 in gathering sill 28.Mobile conveying roller 27 two ends are respectively fixedly connected with on the slide block 26 of both sides, and when slide block 26 moves along the length direction of gathering sill 28, mobile conveying roller 27 will move up and down with slide block 26.Vertically moving plate 23 additionally, be additionally provided with between the 3rd top board 211 and slide block 26, this vertically moves plate 23 two ends and is positioned at gathering sill 28.This vertically moves and is provided with vertical links 25 between plate 23 and slide block 26, the bottom of this vertical links 25 and slide block 26 is fixing to be connected, and the top of vertical links 25 is through vertically moving the through hole on plate 23 can be along the short transverse slip of the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 in through hole.This vertically moves and is additionally provided with the 3rd compression spring 24 between plate 23 and gathering sill 28, and the 3rd compression spring 24 is set on vertical links 25.As preferably, the end face vertically moving plate 23 is additionally provided with adjusting screw rod 214, one end of this adjusting screw rod 214 is fixedly connected on and vertically moves on plate 23, and the other end of this adjusting screw rod 214 passes the 3rd top board 211, and adjusting screw rod 214 is threaded connection with the 3rd top board 211.When gap between conveying roller and workpiece is bigger, by rotating adjusting screw rod 214, can make to vertically move plate 23, mobile conveying roller 27 moves along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate 213 together, thus adjusts the distance between workpiece and conveying roller.
When the upper and lower surface of workpiece exists raised or sunken, band movable slider 26 is moved in gathering sill 28 by mobile conveying roller 27, and the 3rd compression spring 24 is compressed or stretches;After this raised or sunken position completion of processing, 3rd spring recovers deformation, band movable slider 26 is reversely moved in gathering sill 28 by mobile conveying roller 27, make fixing conveying roller 29 can be closely adhered in real time on the surface of workpiece with mobile conveying roller 27, the conveying of workpiece is completed by the frictional force between conveying roller and the workpiece of rotation, thus realize automatic feed, discharging, improve the working (machining) efficiency of this surfacer, reduce the human cost in the planing wood course of processing.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cutter upper and lower adjustable four sides surfacer, including frame 1, described frame 1 is disposed with from feed end to discharge end feed mechanism 2, level planing mechanism 3, vertical planing mechanism 4 and feed mechanism 2;Described level planing mechanism 3 include the first support body, described first support body includes the first base plate 313 being fixedly connected in frame 1, be fixedly connected on the first base plate 313 the first column 312 and the first top board 311 being fixed on the first column 312, described first column 312 is arranged with the first movable plate 32 that can move axially along the first column 312;The upper surface of described first base plate 313, the first movable plate 32 lower surface on be connected to lower bit shaft fixing device 37, upper bit shaft fixing device 36, connecting in described lower bit shaft fixing device 37 and have the lower bit shaft 38 for job planing's part bottom surface, described upper bit shaft fixing device 36 connects the upper bit shaft 35 for job planing's part end face;It is respectively provided with the left bit shaft 410 on the planing workpiece left side, the right bit shaft 47 for the workpiece right side of planing in described vertical planing mechanism 4.
Embodiment 2
On the basis of embodiment one, it is connected by the first guide post 34 between described first movable plate 32 and the first top board 311, is provided with, between described first movable plate 32 and the first top board 311, the first compression spring 33 being set on the first guide post 34.
Embodiment 3
On the basis of embodiment one or embodiment two, described vertical planing mechanism 4 includes the second connecting plate 41 being fixedly connected on frame 1 two ends and the second base plate 43 being connected with the second connecting plate 41;The left side of described second base plate 43, right side are connected to second left plate the 49, second right plate 45, left driving motor 411, left bit shaft fixing device 414 it is respectively arranged with on the left surface of described second left plate 49, right flank, described left bit shaft 410 is connected in left bit shaft fixing device 414, and described left driving motor 411 is connected by V belt translation, Chain conveyer or gear drive with left bit shaft 410;Connect between described second left plate the 49, second right plate 45 and have mobile guide post 48, the second movable plate 46 that can move axially it is arranged with along mobile guide post 48 on described mobile guide post 48, right bit shaft fixing device 415, right driving motor 44 it is connected on the left surface of described second movable plate 46, right flank, described right bit shaft 47 is connected in right bit shaft fixing device 415, and described right driving motor 44 is connected by V belt translation, Chain conveyer or gear drive with right bit shaft 47.
Wherein, the right flank of described second movable plate 46 connecting and has motor to fix post 416, described motor is fixed the other end of post 416 and is connected with right driving motor 44 after the through hole on the second right plate 45.
Wherein, between described second connecting plate 41 connect have main body lead 42, described second base plate 43 to be set on main body lead 42, and described second base plate 43 can on main body lead 42 moving axially along main body lead 42.
Embodiment 4
On the basis of above-described embodiment, described upper bit shaft fixing device 36, lower bit shaft fixing device 37, left bit shaft fixing device 414 and right bit shaft fixing device 415 all include left fixed body 11 and right fixed body 12, described left fixed body 11 and right fixed body 12 all include connecting plate body 13 and fixed plate body 14, described connection plate body 13 one end is fixedly connected on first base plate the 313, first movable plate the 32, second left plate 49 or the second movable plate 46, and described connection plate body 13 other end is connected with fixed plate body 14.
Wherein, described fixed plate body 14 tilts to be installed on connection plate body 13, and the angle α between described connection plate body 13 and fixed plate body 14 is 30 ° to 60 °.
Embodiment 5
On the basis of above-described embodiment, described feed mechanism 2 includes the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 being arranged at workpiece both sides, the bottom of described 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 is fixedly connected in base plate or the frame 1 of feed mechanism 2, and the top of described 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 is connected by the 3rd top board 211;Fixing conveying roller 29, mobile conveying roller 27 it is provided with between described 3rd left plate 213 and the 3rd right plate 212, described fixing conveying roller 29 two ends are respectively fixedly connected with on the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212, described mobile conveying roller 27 is positioned at above fixing conveying roller 29, and described mobile conveying roller 27 two ends are movably attached on the 3rd left plate the 213, the 3rd right plate 212 respectively, make mobile conveying roller 27 can move up and down along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate 213.
Wherein, described 3rd left plate 213 and the 3rd right plate 212 all offering gathering sill 28, be provided with the slide block 26 that can move along gathering sill 28 length direction in described gathering sill 28, described mobile conveying roller 27 two ends are respectively fixedly connected with on the slide block 26 of both sides.
Wherein, be provided with between described 3rd top board 211 and slide block 26 be positioned at gathering sill 28 vertically move plate 23, described vertically moving is provided with vertical links 25 between plate 23 and slide block 26, fix with slide block 26 bottom described vertical links 25 and be connected, described vertical links 25 top, through vertically moving the through hole on plate 23 and can slide along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate 213, described vertical links 25 is arranged with in the 3rd compression spring 24 vertically moved between plate 23 and slide block 26.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit this utility model, all any amendment, equivalent and improvement etc. made within spirit of the present utility model and principle, within should be included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a cutter upper and lower adjustable four sides surfacer, including frame (1), it is characterised in that: be disposed with feed mechanism (2) in described frame (1) from feed end to discharge end, level planes mechanism (3), vertically plane mechanism (4) and feed mechanism (2);Described level planing mechanism (3) includes the first support body, described first support body includes the first base plate (313) being fixedly connected in frame (1), be fixedly connected on the first base plate (313) the first column (312) and the first top board (311) being fixed on the first column (312), described first column (312) is arranged with the first movable plate (32) that can move axially along the first column (312);The upper surface of described first base plate (313), the first movable plate (32) lower surface on be connected to lower bit shaft fixing device (37), upper bit shaft fixing device (36), there is the lower bit shaft (38) for job planing's part bottom surface described lower bit shaft fixing device (37) upper connection, and there is the upper bit shaft (35) for job planing's part end face described upper bit shaft fixing device (36) upper connection;The left bit shaft (410) on the planing workpiece left side, the right bit shaft (47) for the workpiece right side of planing it is respectively provided with on described vertical planing mechanism (4).
2. a kind of upper and lower adjustable four sides of cutter as claimed in claim 1 surfacer, it is characterized in that: be connected by the first guide post (34) between described first movable plate (32) and the first top board (311), between described first movable plate (32) and the first top board (311), be provided with the first compression spring (33) being set on the first guide post (34).
3. a kind of upper and lower adjustable four sides of cutter as claimed in claim 1 surfacer, it is characterised in that: described vertical planing mechanism (4) includes the second connecting plate (41) being fixedly connected on frame (1) two ends and the second base plate (43) being connected with the second connecting plate (41);The left side of described second base plate (43), right side are connected to the second left plate (49), the second right plate (45), left driving motor (411), left bit shaft fixing device (414) it is respectively arranged with on the left surface of described second left plate (49), right flank, described left bit shaft (410) is connected on left bit shaft fixing device (414), and described left driving motor (411) is connected by V belt translation, Chain conveyer or gear drive with left bit shaft (410);Described second left plate (49), connect between second right plate (45) and have mobile guide post (48), the second movable plate (46) that can move axially it is arranged with along mobile guide post (48) on described mobile guide post (48), the left surface of described second movable plate (46), right bit shaft fixing device (415) it is connected on right flank, right driving motor (44), described right bit shaft (47) is connected on right bit shaft fixing device (415), described right driving motor (44) and right bit shaft (47) pass through V belt translation, Chain conveyer or gear drive connect.
4. a kind of upper and lower adjustable four sides of cutter as claimed in claim 3 surfacer, it is characterized in that: connecting on the right flank of described second movable plate (46) has motor to fix post (416), described motor is fixed the other end of post (416) and is connected with right driving motor (44) after the through hole on the second right plate (45).
5. a kind of upper and lower adjustable four sides of cutter as claimed in claim 3 surfacer, it is characterized in that: connecting between described second connecting plate (41) has main body lead (42), described second base plate (43) is set on main body lead (42), and described second base plate (43) can on main body lead (42) moving axially along main body lead (42).
6. a kind of cutter upper and lower adjustable four sides surfacer as described in arbitrary in claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: described upper bit shaft fixing device (36), lower bit shaft fixing device (37), left bit shaft fixing device (414) and right bit shaft fixing device (415) all include left fixed body (11) and right fixed body (12), described left fixed body (11) and right fixed body (12) all include connecting plate body (13) and fixed plate body (14), described connection plate body (13) one end is fixedly connected on the first base plate (313), first movable plate (32), on second left plate (49) or the second movable plate (46), described connection plate body (13) other end is connected with fixed plate body (14).
7. a kind of upper and lower adjustable four sides of cutter as claimed in claim 6 surfacer, it is characterized in that: described fixed plate body (14) tilts to be installed on connection plate body (13), and the angle α between described connection plate body (13) and fixed plate body (14) is 30 ° to 60 °.
8. a kind of upper and lower adjustable four sides of cutter as claimed in claim 1 surfacer, it is characterized in that: described feed mechanism (2) includes being arranged at the 3rd left plate (213) of workpiece both sides, the 3rd right plate (212), described 3rd left plate (213), the bottom of the 3rd right plate (212) are fixedly connected in base plate or the frame (1) of feed mechanism (2), and described 3rd left plate (213), the top of the 3rd right plate (212) are connected by the 3rd top board (211);It is provided with fixing conveying roller (29) between described 3rd left plate (213) and the 3rd right plate (212), mobile conveying roller (27), described fixing conveying roller (29) two ends are respectively fixedly connected with at the 3rd left plate (213), on 3rd right plate (212), described mobile conveying roller (27) is positioned at fixing conveying roller (29) top, and described mobile conveying roller (27) two ends are movably attached the 3rd left plate (213) respectively, on 3rd right plate (212), make mobile conveying roller (27) can move up and down along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate (213).
9. a kind of upper and lower adjustable four sides of cutter as claimed in claim 8 surfacer, it is characterized in that: on described 3rd left plate (213) and the 3rd right plate (212), all offer gathering sill (28), being provided with the slide block (26) that can move along gathering sill (28) length direction in described gathering sill (28), described mobile conveying roller (27) two ends are respectively fixedly connected with on the slide block (26) of both sides.
10. a kind of upper and lower adjustable four sides of cutter as claimed in claim 9 surfacer, it is characterized in that: be provided with between described 3rd top board (211) and slide block (26) be positioned at gathering sill (28) vertically move plate (23), described vertically moving is provided with vertical links (25) between plate (23) and slide block (26), described vertical links (25) bottom is fixing with slide block (26) to be connected, described vertical links (25) top is through vertically moving the through hole on plate (23) and can slide along the short transverse of the 3rd left plate (213), it is arranged with on described vertical links (25) and is positioned at the 3rd compression spring (24) vertically moved between plate (23) and slide block (26).
CN201620208600.1U 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter Active CN205415878U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620208600.1U CN205415878U (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620208600.1U CN205415878U (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205415878U true CN205415878U (en) 2016-08-03

Family

ID=56519126

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620208600.1U Active CN205415878U (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205415878U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204277475U (en) Plate-like workpieces processing work platform
CN205415877U (en) Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter
CN104191886B (en) The two-sided engraving machine of a kind of wooden door leaf
CN102390063A (en) Back loading high-speed computer panel saw
CN110744654B (en) Shaving board processing grooving machine and method
CN201922824U (en) Workbench of full-automatic numerical-control woodworking engraving forming machine
CN108620653A (en) A kind of shaping machine with two-way planing component
CN102490216B (en) Wood working machine and processing platform thereof
CN210024746U (en) Wood environment-friendly double-side inclined grinding machine
CN111299696A (en) One-machine-multipurpose circular sawing machine
CN210188687U (en) Sawing machine for steel processing
CN210046779U (en) Adjustable groove-broaching saw machine of woodworking groove-broaching machine and woodworking groove-broaching machine applied by same
CN110587023A (en) Machining center for 45-degree-angle automatic cutting of single door and window aluminum-plastic profiles
CN208005874U (en) A kind of bilateral straight line milling equipment of chopping block
CN206048520U (en) Hollow composite board tapping machine
CN205415878U (en) Adjustable four sides planing wood machine about cutter
CN109015939A (en) A kind of timber cutting device for processing
CN2761395Y (en) Processing machine of wood working dovetail groove
CN105235019B (en) The double drive roll feed mechanisms of cylinder floating formula
CN103170997B (en) Log sawing machine
CN211729300U (en) Rubber roll cutting machine
CN211491927U (en) Take plank collection device's two-sided plane skin machine
CN210254418U (en) Planer-type double-end plane milling machine
CN210732698U (en) Safe effectual accurate cut-to-size saw
CN204367081U (en) A kind of door pocket plate compound sawing machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant