CN109203085A - The preferred truncation adjustable cast iron planes production line of high speed - Google Patents

The preferred truncation adjustable cast iron planes production line of high speed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109203085A
CN109203085A CN201811016023.6A CN201811016023A CN109203085A CN 109203085 A CN109203085 A CN 109203085A CN 201811016023 A CN201811016023 A CN 201811016023A CN 109203085 A CN109203085 A CN 109203085A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeding
timber
roller
delivery
servo
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CN201811016023.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109203085B (en
Inventor
朱志林
邹小祥
王均东
臧景平
张伟
吴晓忠
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JIANGSU JIANGJIA MACHINERY CO Ltd
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JIANGSU JIANGJIA MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201811016023.6A priority Critical patent/CN109203085B/en
Publication of CN109203085A publication Critical patent/CN109203085A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M1/00Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching
    • B27M1/08Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching by multi-step processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B25/00Feeding devices for timber in saw mills or sawing machines; Feeding devices for trees
    • B27B25/04Feeding devices for timber in saw mills or sawing machines; Feeding devices for trees with feed chains or belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B31/00Arrangements for conveying, loading, turning, adjusting, or discharging the log or timber, specially designed for saw mills or sawing machines
    • B27B31/02Loading equipment for travelling carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B5/00Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor
    • B27B5/02Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor characterised by a special purpose only
    • B27B5/06Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor characterised by a special purpose only for dividing plates in parts of determined size, e.g. panels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C1/00Machines for producing flat surfaces, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C1/08Machines for working several sides of work simultaneously
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C1/00Machines for producing flat surfaces, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C1/12Arrangements for feeding work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C1/00Machines for producing flat surfaces, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C1/14Other details or accessories

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of high speeds, and adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated, including preferred amputating saw and plane milling machine, it is preferred that amputating saw is connected with plane milling machine by the way that material conveying device is truncated, it is connected with feed conveying device in the feed end of preferred amputating saw, is additionally provided with sorting pusher on truncation material conveying device;It is B/H=1.8-1.2 that the material controlling of feed conveying device, which keeps off the ratio between thickness H of gap B and timber between feeding conveyer belt,;Truncation material conveying device is provided with leading portion conveyer belt and back segment conveyer belt in output material rack, is provided between the section conveyer belt of front and back and picks material roller;Planing tool and upper planing tool are set gradually from front to back along timber feeding channel under planing tool, adjustable cast iron planes under the force plane of plane milling machine, servo-actuated pinch roller frame is connected in the tailpiece of the piston rod of servo-actuated pinch roller cylinder, being servo-actuated pinch roller slide lower end rotating support in presser feet has presser feet to be servo-actuated pinch roller, and the front end of fuselage is also equipped with timber means for communicating.Not only processing quality is good for the production line, but also high production efficiency.

Description

The preferred truncation adjustable cast iron planes production line of high speed
Technical field
The present invention relates to wood processing technique fields, more particularly to can timber be preferably truncated and be dug milling machining Production line equipment.
Background technique
Increasingly increase with people to timber resources demand, and the protection to log resource, wood-processing industry face Face the multiple processing request of higher and higher economy, technical aspect, this does not require nothing more than timber processing production equipment with higher Material utilization rate out, and require process equipment that there is higher the degree of automation and lower human cost.
Method of processing wooden piece is usually then plate to be carried out longitudinally cutting into rod-shaped timber first by round log sawing sheet at plate, Then lateral truncation is carried out again;In order to improve saving wood resources, timber utilization rate and volume recovery are improved, at present mostly with transverse direction It is preferred that amputating saw, as lateral intercept unit, timber has no progeny in transverse cutting and will be transported to plane milling equipment (such as double surfacer, four side moulder Equal wood working planers) plane mills out smooth, accurate size, reach the finished product material of requirement sectional dimension.Finally according to woodwork Assembly technical requirement, which refer to finished product material, to be connect, is glued or other connecting method is processed into woodwork.In the prior art, wooden The laterally preferred truncation and wood planing milling of material are completed the process respectively by autonomous device, and timber is in laterally preferred amputating saw It requires to carry out carrying transfer by manpower or other transporting equipments between wood planing mill, not only expends a large amount of manpower object Power, and production efficiency is low, it is difficult to it realizes Automatic Production Line, and is difficult to ensure the processing quality of finished product timber and adds Work precision, there is also the person and equipment safety hidden danger.
Laterally preferably amputating saw is the sawing unit being truncated in production, it decides that laterally can preferred saw efficient, high-precision Degree ground carries out preferred sawing to timber, which includes the annular saw that saw frame is truncated and can swing up and down and realize transverse cuts Piece has been arranged in pairs upper feeding pressure roller and lower feeding carrying roller, upper feeding pressure roller and lower feeding carrying roller structure in the two sides of saw blade At feeding roller pair.When preferred amputating saw high speed is truncated, upper feeding pressure roller and lower feeding carrying roller instruct quickly according to control system Ground carries out braking positioning to timber, compression, truncation, again promotes;In sawing process preferred amputating saw frequently brake positioning and again Push feeding, laterally preferably amputating saw can not only cut off defect timber, also to carry out different length timber combination truncation with Obtain maximum volume recovery and use value.Therefore regardless of the input end on front side of preferred amputating saw, or it is located at and preferably cuts The discharge end of disconnected saw rear side, input or output timber not only have the working condition of the complexity such as pause and fast feed, Er Qieqi Speed can also change with the difference of timber length, always timber movement velocity is discontinuous unbalanced, so that truncation timber tool There are biggish velocity inertial and impact force.
Input end on front side of preferred amputating saw, existing conveying drawing-in device make rough lumber to be truncated can only be by One ground is placed to feeding feeding workbench, collision overlapped to avoid front and back timber for sawing, or even card saw, while this The feeding end of structure is only provided with edge-on feeding backup plate in unilateral side, cannot form operative constraint in timber two sides, timber holds very much Feeding sideslip easily is generated in the feeding feeding stage, influences the processing quality and precision of timber;Especially it is this place one by one it is for sawing The structure of timber not only increases artificial and labor intensity, and production efficiency is low, and maloperation easy to form, it is difficult to guarantee consistent Sawing quality.
Discharge end on rear side of preferred amputating saw, laterally preferably amputating saw has been disposed adjacently in timber outlet side and wood is truncated Expect that carriage, the timber carriage are provided with feeding workbench face and the conveyer belt for conveying timber, conveyer belt support is held in sending Expect on work top, truncation timber is delivered to subsequent processing for timber is truncated by the conveyer belt on timber carriage.This knot Although the output conveying of timber may be implemented in the conveying device of structure, but be equally easy to produce between truncation timber during the material conveying process Mutually collision, overlapping, or even card saw, there are the security risks of equipment and personnel, while can not also reject and lack caused by sawing Fall into waste material.
Wood working planer be to be made specification woollen wood surface carry out plane cut processing woodworking machinery, mainly have four sides Dig milling machine and double surfacer milling machine.Wherein four side moulder milling machine is a kind of plane milling machine being most widely used, main working parts packet The planing tool and vertically-mounted left and right side vertical cutter axis and peace for including the bit shaft up and down being horizontally mounted and being installed on bit shaft Loaded on the vertical cutter on vertical cutter axis, planing tool be followed successively by timber is fed path lower planing tool, right vertical cutter, left vertical cutter, upper planing tool and Lower planing tool.For timber of planing, the planing surface up and down of timber, especially along the lower surface that workbench is fed forward to wood The processing quality and planing accuracy of material have apparent influence, and in existing four side moulder milling machine structure, due to left and right in progress Side planing cut and the accurate planing of upper and lower surfaces before, only disposably planed with a lower planing tool to lower surface, and this plane It is the datum level of subsequent planing step, is formed by timber datum level relative coarseness due to disposably planing, planing deviation is larger, The positioning that this just brings subsequent planing is inaccurate, and planing accuracy is low, can not process the specification that size is accurate, error is small and expect only.
The feeding end of existing four side moulder milling machine is often only provided with the edge-on backup plate of a timber in unilateral side, and timber is feeding section not It is constrained by advance, is only entering to feeding roller clock synchronization up and down, timber could pushed ahead to feeding, therefore in existing structure Timber either feeding roller feeding section, or section is fed in edge-on backup plate, the left and right sides of timber is unfettered, and timber is being fed Enter the feeding stage be easy to generate feeding sideslip and front and back timber propulsion collision or overlapping, not only influence timber processing quality And precision, and influence planing efficiency, especially high speed planing or when in planing production line the feeding of this timber not by Constraint, cannot form continuous smoothly push feed, easily generate the uneven of irregular lines or surface in Wood surface, Even there are get stuck Deng safety failures.
The feeding mechanism of plane milling machine also directly affects timber planing precision and quality, and only feeding roller can be reliably continuous Timber is firmly grasped on ground, just can guarantee timber reliably overcome the ploughing resistance of planing tool and uniform and stable push ahead.Specially such as China Sharp " fine Double-faced wood planer " (number of patent application: cradle disclosed in 201711440790.5) and feeding roller modular construction, Strong to timber clamping is capable of forming in the course of work to promote, but with the continuous improvement of four-side planing process velocity, And timber length range becomes larger, and especially carries out short material planing operation, there are still biggish nothings between adjacent two feeding roller About space, when high speed is planed, this constraint gap effectively cannot effectively be pushed timber realization, it may appear that feeding timber Shake, formed feed speed it is unstable, especially when timber length is less than two feeding roller intervals, it is uniform just not can guarantee timber Reliably push ahead.
Timber at the planing position for entering upper planing tool, often above lift and tilt by the head of timber, timber head occurs End cut phenomenon more, form so-called " gnawing head " defect, and when timber enters normal planing state, timber also can be with cutting component Size variation, and occur that degree is different, random upward elastic warpage forms irregular surface in various degree and planes ripple. Therefore four side moulder milling machine side position before and after upper planing tool is always equipped with front and back presser foot component, in order to improve the compression of presser feet about Shu Zuoyong, front and back presser feet will always extend into the cutting position of planing tool as far as possible, this has inevitably enlarged presser feet and adjacent feeding again Between roller without constraint, equally four side moulder milling machine high-speed cruising or process short material when, not can guarantee to the reliable of timber It compresses constraint and effectively pushes.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned deficiency present in the prior art, technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of high speed is excellent Choosing truncation adjustable cast iron planes production line, not only processing quality is good, and machining accuracy is high, and can be effectively save artificial, reduces labor intensity, greatly It is big to improve production efficiency.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the preferred truncation adjustable cast iron planes production line of present invention high speed, including preferred amputating saw and plane Milling machine, the preferred amputating saw is connected with plane milling machine by the way that material conveying device is truncated, in the feed end of the preferred amputating saw It is connected with feed conveying device, is additionally provided with sorting pusher on truncation material conveying device;The feed conveying device includes Feeding rack is equipped with work top and feeding conveyer belt in feeding rack, which holds on work top, It is also equipped with feeding side abutment plate and side pressure wheel support in the feeding rack, it is hinged on side pressure wheel support to have side pressure swing arm, side The overhanging end rotating support of pressure swing arm has lateral pressure wheel, side pressure spring is supported between side pressure swing arm and side pressure wheel support, relatively Feed alley is constituted between the feeding side abutment plate and lateral pressure wheel of setting;Material controlling baffle is installed on work top, material controlling gear The ratio between thickness H of gap B and timber is B/H=1.8-1.2 between feeding conveyer belt;The truncation material conveying device includes defeated Expect rack, is provided with leading portion conveyer belt and back segment conveyer belt in output material rack, is fixedly installed in the side of conveying rack Feeding backup plate is then adjustably provided with leading portion Active guide fence and back segment Active guide fence, leading portion activity in the other side of conveying rack Backup plate and leading portion conveyer belt position are corresponding, and back segment Active guide fence is corresponding with back segment conveyer belt position;In leading portion conveyer belt and It is provided between back segment conveyer belt and picks material roller, be provided with material controlling baffle above material roller picking;It is set above back segment conveyer belt There is material controlling switch;The workbench that the plane milling machine includes fuselage and is fixedly connected on fuselage, is connected with feeding on fuselage Roll assembly, the upper feeding roller of the feeding roll assembly are located at the top of workbench, the lower feeding roller position of feeding roll assembly and work The table top of platform is corresponding, is also supported with rotatable left vertical cutter and right vertical cutter vertically on fuselage, the left vertical cutter and right vertical cutter point Not Wei Yu timber feeding channel left and right side, horizontal supporting is gone back on the fuselage planing tool, essence under rotatable force plane Lower planing tool and upper planing tool are dug, planing tool and upper planing tool are successively set from front to back along timber feeding channel under planing tool, adjustable cast iron planes under the force plane It sets, the planing plane of the upper planing tool is located under force plane the top of planing tool planing plane under planing tool and adjustable cast iron planes;The feeding roller group Part includes cradle crossbeam, and the cradle crossbeam is slidably supported on fuselage by cradle riser guide, and cradle lifting is led Rail also passes through cradle lifting and driving pair and cradle lifting motor is sequentially connected, and is supported on several and send on cradle crossbeam Expect roller and lower feeding roller, each upper feeding roller and lower feeding roller are sequentially connected with feeding roll drive motor, on cradle crossbeam It is also equipped with servo-actuated pinch roller cylinder, the tailpiece of the piston rod of the servo-actuated pinch roller cylinder is connected with servo-actuated pinch roller frame, and servo-actuated pinch roller frame rides In on corresponding upper feeding roller, servo-actuated pinch roller is rotatably supported on servo-actuated roller frame, the working face of the servo-actuated pinch roller It is in the same plane with the working face of upper feeding roller;It is provided with air draught presser foot component on the outside of the upper planing tool, the air draught Presser foot component includes presser feet seat, presser feet seat before being fixedly installed on front side of presser feet seat, before being supported on the preceding presser feet seat Claw, slidably supported on preceding presser feet seat to have presser feet to be servo-actuated pinch roller slide, presser feet, which is servo-actuated pinch roller slide lower end rotating support, pressure Foot is servo-actuated pinch roller, is also equipped with adjusting nut pair on preceding presser feet seat, and the adjusting nut is secondary and presser feet is servo-actuated between pinch roller slide It is supported with adjustment spring;The front fuselage is rotatably equipped with several timber by edge-on roller mounting base and is sent edge-on roller, described The front end of fuselage is also equipped with timber means for communicating, the timber means for communicating include delivery support and it is slidably supported in delivery support On delivery slide plate, delivery support be fixedly connected on fuselage, delivery slide plate on several delivery sprocket wheels and delivery are installed Drive sprocket, tensioning has delivery chain on delivery sprocket wheel and delivery drive sprocket, with the corresponding delivery chain of delivery sprocket wheel and It is sent between edge-on roller and forms timber delivery channel, which is sent channel and is mutually connected with timber feeding channel.
It in said structure, with plane milling machine is connected by the way that material conveying device is truncated due to preferred amputating saw, and it is excellent The feed end of amputating saw is selected to be connected with feed conveying device, material is thus formed the whole process productions of preferred truncation and planing milling Line no longer needs to carry out carrying by manpower or other transporting equipments and turns between the preferred amputating saw and wood planing miller sequence of timber It moves, has not only saved a large amount of manpower and material resources, Automatic Production Line can be conveniently realized, production efficiency is low, and is easy The processing quality and machining accuracy for guaranteeing finished product timber eliminate the security risk of the person and equipment.On truncation material conveying device Be provided with sorting pusher, when be truncated material conveying device can returns be transported to sorting pusher corresponding position when, sorting Pusher just by it is corresponding can returns push away truncation material conveying device, realize the automatic sorting of truncation timber, improve The degree of automation and production efficiency of timber sorting.
Since the corresponding position of feeding side abutment plate of feed conveying device is provided with lateral pressure wheel, and in feeding side abutment plate and Feed alley is constituted between feeding lateral pressure wheel, when truncation timber enters the amputating saw stage, timber is in lateral pressure wheel and feeding side The feeding roller centering being made of upper and lower feeding roller is advanced to accurate stable under the clamping of backup plate, make timber left and right and up and down It is all reliably clamped and is constrained, realize the reliable control to timber pushing speed, timber is enable to refer to according to preferred truncation Order is accurately realized pause positioning, quickly truncation and push feed, can not only reach the accurate fixed-length cut-off to timber, and The sideslip and stacking for completely avoiding timber feeding are not only effectively guaranteed truncation quality and dimensional accuracy, but also are conducive to amputating saw Efficient, high-speed cruising, greatly improve the production efficiency of amputating saw, also ensure the safe and stable operation of amputating saw.Also by In being supported with side pressure spring in the side pressure swing arm for being supported with lateral pressure wheel, the elastic force of the side pressure spring is applied to by side pressure swing arm On lateral pressure wheel, lateral pressure wheel presses by the elastic force of side pressure spring, stabilization of not only exerting pressure, influenced by use environment it is small, It is reliable to the compression effect of contraction of timber, and convenient for being adjusted and controlling according to different processing objects, it is reliable to obtain Clamping force.Due also to be equipped with material controlling baffle on work top, the gap of the material controlling baffle and feeding conveyer belt with it is defeated Send timber thickness than control between 1.8-1.2, first material controlling baffle setting so that timber to be cut be only capable of sequentially seriatim to Amputating saw conveying is fed, and the setting of gap size ensures that timber to be cut is pushed ahead one by one, can thus build on work top Timber feed bin to be truncated is found, recruitment and labor intensity can not only be greatlyd save, and is more conducive to realize the automation of charging feeding Control, substantially increases production efficiency, is more suitable for the efficient of amputating saw, high-speed cruising and production.
Since material conveying device is truncated, leading portion conveyer belt and two sections of back segment conveyer belt conveyings are provided in its conveying rack Band, and be provided between leading portion conveyer belt and back segment conveyer belt and pick material roller, the timber of truncation is passing through leading portion conveyer belt, then passes through It crosses to pick and expects that roller then enters on back segment conveyer belt, it in this way can be by adjusting leading portion conveyer belt and pick the clearance gap between material roller From, so that truncation waste material on leading portion conveyer belt is after touching and picking material roller, and along conveyer belt and picks the spacing between material roller and falls, It no longer enters on back segment conveyer belt, to realize the automatic rejection of truncation waste material, rejecting movement is accurate, structurally reasonable exquisiteness. Again due to being provided with material controlling baffle above rejecting roller, so that truncation timber only allows under the control of the gap of material controlling baffle The timber of certain amount and thickness by being sent to back segment conveyer belt so that truncation timber can only seriatim by material controlling baffle and The spacing channel between material roller is picked, the mutual collision between adjacent timber is efficiently avoided and is stacked end to end, keeps timber orderly Ground enters subsequent processing.When timber enters back segment conveyer belt, the control switch above back segment conveyer belt can perceive simultaneously again Control timber by quantity and thickness, when timber is stacked on top of each other and thickness increases, control switch, which issues instruction, to be made to convey Band stops working, and finishes to abnormality processing again into normal operation, this structure prevents wood by the double control of mechanically and electrically device Expect the generation conveyed extremely, it is ensured that the accurate and reliable and smooth conveying of timber avoids the hair of equipment and personnel safety failure completely It is raw.Due also to being provided with adjustable leading portion Active guide fence and back segment activity in leading portion conveyer belt and back segment conveyer belt corresponding position Backup plate forms timber transfer passage, timber between the leading portion Active guide fence and back segment Active guide fence and the feeding backup plate of fixation Under the clamping and constraint of fixed plate and Active guide fence, subsequent processing is entered with determining conveying direction and path, not only The sideslip and stacking of timber conveying are effectively prevented, and ensure that the processing quality and machining accuracy of timber.
Since planing tool under planing tool, adjustable cast iron planes under the force plane on plane milling machine fuselage and upper planing tool feed channel from front to back along timber It sets gradually, plane milling machine carries out force plane milling to timber lower surface with planing tool under force plane first when working, after carrying out force plane milling again Fine planing operation is carried out to lower surface, and timber lower surface is made to form the accurate plane for two sides and upper surface plane Milling Machining Datum level is cut, the design and sequence arrangement of this plane milling cutter construction ensure that the fine accurate machining to timber, not only planing adds Work is high-efficient, and planing accuracy is high, machining deviation is small, quality, can effectively meet timber processing high grade and efficiently produces and want It asks.Again due to the servo-actuated pinch roller frame for being additionally arranged servo-actuated cylinder on cradle crossbeam and being hinged with servo-actuated cylinder, the servo-actuated pinch roller Rotating support has servo-actuated pinch roller on frame, is servo-actuated pinch roller between adjacent two feeding roller, it is right between adjacent two feeding roller to increase The compression of timber controls, and more efficiently realizes the continuous Solid rocket engine to adjustable cast iron planes timber, ensure that thick, adjustable cast iron planes stable feeding Material, planing operation of the structure especially suitable for short material will not more go out so that short material also can be pushed ahead reliably in planing " gnawing head " " gnawing tail " phenomenon of existing short material processing, ensure that and finely dig Milling Machining to short material.Due also to being slided on preceding presser feet seat It is supported with presser feet and is servo-actuated pinch roller slide, presser feet, which is servo-actuated pinch roller slide lower end rotating support, has presser feet to be servo-actuated pinch roller, therefore wood of planing Expect before the planing operation for entering planing tool, the compression constraint of pinch roller is servo-actuated by the presser feet on front side of preceding claw and preceding claw, it is this The compression that structure forms relatively reliable control and whole formula to planing timber constrains, and claw front area is to wood before avoiding The runaway condition of material is not only more suitable for the high speed continuous planning processing of timber, more efficient to timber compression control, effectively keeps away " gnawing head " phenomenon exempted from timber process occurs, and can implement effective compress to short timber and control, and makes to dig milling machine Timber length range of planing is more wide in range.More due to being equipped with timber means for communicating in front fuselage, the timber means for communicating with Timber is sent edge-on roller and constitutes timber delivery channel, planes timber when entering the feeding stage, timber is in means for communicating and side The clamping that is made of upper and lower feeding roller is enter precisely intoed under the clamping of edger roll and promotes roller centering, makes timber in left and right and up and down all By stable clamping and constraint, and timber means for communicating and it is sent effective hitch feed of the edge-on roller to timber, kept away completely The mutual collision in the sideslip and progradation of timber feeding and the stacking at front and back material end are exempted from, push feed is more smooth, no It only effectively ensure that the stabilization of processing quality and machining accuracy, and efficient, the high speed that are more conducive to plane milling machine are planed, and plane is milled The production efficiency of machine greatly improves, and also ensures the safe and stable operation of plane milling machine.
The preferred truncation adjustable cast iron planes production line of high speed of the invention is made with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description further detailed Explanation.
Fig. 1 is a kind of main view direction structural representation of the preferred truncation specific embodiment of adjustable cast iron planes production line of high speed of the invention Figure;
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of feed conveying device in Fig. 1 illustrated embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the overlooking structure diagram of structure shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of lateral pressure wheel and its bracket in structure shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of the control baffle in structure shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is the schematic perspective view that material conveying device is truncated in Fig. 1 illustrated embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the mounting structure schematic diagram that material roller and conveyer belt is picked in structure shown in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the structure structural schematic diagram that pusher is sorted in Fig. 1 illustrated embodiment;
Fig. 9 is the schematic view of the front view that milling machine is dug in Fig. 1 illustrated embodiment;
Figure 10 is the overlooking structure diagram of structure shown in Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is feeding roll assembly and its structural schematic diagram of planing tool positional relationship in structure shown in Fig. 9;
Figure 12 is the schematic view of the front view of the servo-actuated pinch roller frame in structure shown in Figure 11;
Figure 13 is the left view structural representation of structure shown in Figure 12;
Figure 14 is the schematic perspective view of air draught presser foot component in structure shown in Fig. 9;
Figure 15 is the schematic view of the front view of structure shown in Figure 14;
Figure 16 is the schematic view of the front view that presser feet is servo-actuated pinch roller assembly in structure shown in Figure 15;
Figure 17 is the left schematic cross-sectional view of structure shown in Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the overlooking structure diagram of timber means for communicating in Fig. 9 illustrated embodiment (removing slide plate top cover);
Figure 19 is the left schematic cross-sectional view of structure shown in Figure 18;
Figure 20 is the bearing schematic perspective view that sprocket wheel is sent in structure shown in Figure 18;
Figure 21 is the schematic view of the front view of Figure 20;
Figure 22 is the schematic cross-sectional view of Figure 21.
In figure, 1-plane milling machine, 1-1-air draught presser foot component, 101-rear presser foot components, 102-presser feet seats, 103-are inhaled Fan housing, 104-preceding presser feet seats, 105-adjusting screw rods, 106-sliding rails, 107-presser feets be servo-actuated pinch roller slide, 108-presser feets with Dynamic pressure wheel, 109-pinch roller springs, 110-preceding claws, 111-adjusting nuts pair, 112-adjustment springs;1-2-goes up planing tool, 1- 3-left vertical cutters;The right vertical cutter of 1-4-;1-5-feeding roll assembly, 501-cradle lifting and drivings are secondary, the lifting of 502-cradles is led Rail, 503-cradle crossbeams, 504-cylinder mounting bases, 505-servo-actuated pinch roller cylinders, 506-servo-actuated pinch roller frames, 507-are sent Material roll drive motor, 508-servo-actuated pinch rollers, 509-cradle lifting motors, 510-lifting and driving axis, 511-feeding rollers are ridden Cross-slot;Planing tool under 1-6-adjustable cast iron planes;Planing tool under 1-7-force plane;1-8-goes up feeding roller;1-9-timber means for communicating, 901-lead Send support, 902-pulley cover boards, 903-delivery slide plates, 904-cornerite sprocket wheels, 905-delivery sprocket wheels, 906-sprocket wheel swing arms, 907-swing arm hinged-supports, 908-holddown springs, 909-tightener sprockets, 910-delivery chains, 911-delivery drive sprockets, 912-slide board locking devices, 913-adjust screw rods, 914-adjusting nuts, 915-adjust bearings, 916-slide plate top covers, 917-lock handles, 918-delivery motors;1-10-workbench;1-11-fuselage;1-12-main motor;1-13-plane milling wood Material;1-14-timber is sent edge-on roller;The edge-on roller mounting base of 1-15-;The lower feeding roller of 1-16-.
2-truncation material conveying devices, 2-1-back segment conveyer belt, 2-2-switch bracket, 2-3-material controlling switch, 2-4-are picked Expect that roller, 2-5-material controlling baffle, 2-6-feeding backup plate, 2-7-leading portion conveyer belt, 2-8-conveying rack, 2-9-backup plate are adjusted Handle, 2-10-lean on board support, 2-11-leading portion Active guide fence, 2-12-leading portion roller of conveyer belt, 2-13-material controlling baffle branch Frame, 2-14-back segment roller of conveyer belt, 2-15-back segment Active guide fence, 2-16-conveyer belt driving motor, 2-17-speed changer, 2-18-pressure wheel, 2-19-truncation timber.
3-sorting material-pulling devices, 3-1-protective baffle plate, 3-2-barrier support, 3-3-scraping wings, 3-4-pusher gas Cylinder.4-preferred amputating saws.
5-feed conveying devices, 5-1-lateral pressure wheel, 5-2-side pressure swing arm, 5-3-feeding side abutment plate, 5-4-lateral pressure wheel Bracket, 5-5-side pressure spring, 5-6-barrier support, 5-7-material controlling baffle, 5-8-delivery reed, 5-9-bin stock side abutment plate, 5-10-timber, 5-11-feeding rack, 5-12-moveable top, 5-13-bin stock Active guide fence, 5-14-work top, 5- 15-side pressure frame fixing seats, 5-16-lateral pressure wheel lock handle, 5-17-driving pulley, 5-18-feeding band roller, 5-19- Feeding conveyer belt, 5-20-baffle regulation handle.
Specific embodiment
Adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed as shown in Figure 1, which includes preferred amputating saw 4 and dig milling machine 1, excellent Selecting amputating saw 4 using carpenter, laterally preferred amputating saw, plane milling machine 1 are then carpenter's four side moulder milling machine;It is preferred that amputating saw 4 and plane milling machine 1 is connected by the way that material conveying device 2 is truncated, and is connected with feed conveying device 5 in the feed end of preferred amputating saw 4, is expected in truncation Sorting pusher 3 is additionally provided in conveying device 2.
Feed conveying device 5 as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, the feeding rack 5-11 of the feed conveying device 5 and preferred truncation Saw frame is connected, and is fixedly installed with work top 5-14 on feeding rack 5-11, the fixed peace on preferred truncation saw frame Equipped with amputating saw work top, amputating saw work top and work top 5-14 are mutually linked and in the same plane, and The rear end of work top 5-14 and amputating saw work top are adjacent, so that the timber to sawing on work top 5-14 5-10 can be smoothly transported to truncation work top.Also passing through saw blade swing arm in truncation saw frame can be supported with to high speed rotation Saw blade is truncated, truncation saw blade is up and down reciprocatingly swung with saw blade swing arm to complete the transverse direction truncation to timber, and truncation saw blade is normal Amputating saw saw blade.Three pairs of feeding rollers pair are set in the front side of truncation saw blade, are then equipped with two pairs in the rear side of truncation saw blade Feeding roller pair, each pair of feeding roller are constituted to opposite by the lower feeding roller of upper feeding roller.Between upper feeding roller and lower feeding roller Form a timber channel.
Work top 5-14 and the fixed company of feeding conveyer belt 5-19, work top 5-14 are installed on feeding rack 5-11 It is connected on feeding rack 5-11, at the both ends feeding rack 5-11, rotating support has feeding band roller 5-18, feeding conveyer belt 5-19 In on two feeding drum 5-18, the conveying side support of feeding conveyer belt 5-19 is held on work top 5-14 for tensioning.In feeding rack The rear end of 5-11 is also equipped with feeding side abutment plate 5-3 and side pressure wheel support 5-4.Side pressure is fixedly installed on feeding rack 5-11 The installing arm of frame fixing seat 5-15, side pressure wheel support 5-4, which are equipped with, adjusts elongated slot, and the bolt of lateral pressure wheel lock handle 5-16 passes through The elongated slot and side pressure wheel support 5-4 is installed on side pressure frame fixing seat 5-15, it is adjustable by lateral pressure wheel lock handle 5-16 The position of side pressure wheel support 5-4.
As shown in figure 4, equidistantly hinged on side pressure wheel support 5-4 have three side pressure swing arm 5-2.In side pressure swing arm 5-2 Then rotating support has lateral pressure wheel 5-1 to the upper overhanging end opposite with hinge support, between side pressure swing arm 5-2 and side pressure wheel support 5-4 It is supported with side pressure spring 5-5, the elastic force of side pressure spring 5-5 is applied to timber to be truncated by side pressure swing arm 5-2 and lateral pressure wheel 5-1 On.The lateral pressure wheel 5-1 of side pressure swing arm 5-2 overhanging end is opposite with the feeding position side abutment plate 5-3 and forms the feeding of timber to be truncated Channel.Front position in the feed alley is provided with material controlling baffle 5-7.
As shown in figure 5, two barrier support 5-6 being vertically arranged are fixedly installed on feeding rack 5-11, at two Material controlling baffle 5-7 is adjustably equipped with by baffle regulation handle 5-20 on barrier support 5-6, so that material controlling baffle 5- 7 are located at the top of feeding conveyer belt 5-19, form wood to be truncated between the lower end surface and feeding conveyer belt 5-19 of material controlling baffle 5-7 Expecting path clearance, the ratio between gap B and conveying timber thickness H are B/H=1.5, but must be controlled between B/H=1.8-1.2, from And pass through truncation timber one by one.
It is covered with can also adjust on the work top 5-14 on front side of material controlling baffle 5-7 and moveable top 5-12 is installed, it should Bin stock Active guide fence 5-13 is provided on moveable top 5-12.Bin stock side abutment plate 5- is also fixedly installed on work top 5-14 9, bin stock side abutment plate 5-9 is corresponding with the position of bin stock Active guide fence 5-13 so that between the two formed for store to The bin stock space of timber is truncated.The position for adjusting moveable top 5-12 can change bin stock side abutment plate 5-9 and bin stock Active guide fence Space between 5-13, to form different size of bin stock space.The bin stock is spatially located at the forward position of material controlling baffle 5-7.
Delivery reed 5-8 is also fixedly installed on moveable top 5-12, which is single piece type spring, is led Send reed 5-8 between material controlling baffle 5-7 and lateral pressure wheel 5-1, timber to be truncated in this way is passing through material controlling baffle 5-7 and feeding Expect to proceed between feeding side abutment plate 5-3 and lateral pressure wheel 5-1 under the directing of delivery reed 5-8 between conveyer belt 5-9 behind gap Feed alley.
It is defeated to be provided with leading portion along its length respectively on conveying rack 2-8 for truncation material conveying device 2 as shown in FIG. 6 Send band two conveyer belts of 2-7 and back segment conveyer belt 2-1.Leading portion conveyer belt 2-7 tensioning is in corresponding two leading portion roller of conveyer belt On 2-12, then tensioning is on corresponding two back segment roller of conveyer belt 2-14 by back segment conveyer belt 2-1, leading portion roller of conveyer belt 2-12 With the equal rotating support of back segment roller of conveyer belt 2-14 on conveying rack 2-8.Conveyer belt driving motor 2-16 passes through speed changer 2- 17 are sequentially connected with leading portion conveyer belt 2-7 and back segment conveyer belt 2-1.Support bearing surface plate is also fixedly installed on conveying rack 2-8, The support bearing surface plate is held in the palm respectively to be held in the downside of leading portion conveyer belt 2-7 and back segment conveyer belt 2-1 material-conveying belt.
It is fixedly installed feeding backup plate 2-6 along its length in a side of conveying rack 2-8, conveying frame 2-8's is another Side is adjustably provided with leading portion Active guide fence 2-11 and back segment Active guide fence 2-15, leading portion Active guide fence 2-11 and back segment is living Dynamic backup plate 2-15 is in same perpendicular, and parallel with the conveying path direction of conveyer belt and feeding backup plate 2-6.Leading portion Active guide fence 2-11 is corresponding with leading portion conveyer belt 2-7, before forming timber between this section of Active guide fence 2-11 and feeding backup plate 2-6 Section transfer passage, back segment Active guide fence 2-15 and back segment conveyer belt 2-1 are corresponding, the back segment Active guide fence 2-15 and feeding backup plate Timber back segment transfer passage is formed between 2-6.Leading portion Active guide fence 2-11 is connected to corresponding lean on by backup plate regulation handle 2-9 On board support 2-10, on same back segment Active guide fence 2-15.Material rack 2-8 is then fixedly installed in by board support 2-10 also by right The backup plate regulation handle 2-9 answered is connected to corresponding on board support 2-10.
It is rolled in leading portion conveyer belt 2-7 and back segment conveyer belt 2-1 adjacent leading portion roller of conveyer belt 2-12 and back segment conveyer belt It is provided between cylinder 2-14 and picks material roller 2-4, picked material roller 2-4 and be installed on conveying rack 2-8 by corresponding mounting base, pick material roller Mounting base or the corresponding installed position of conveying rack 8, which are equipped with, adjusts elongated slot, to adjust the installation site for picking material roller 2-4, picks Expect that there are certain clearance distances between roller 2-4 and conveyer belt and its roller of conveyer belt.
There is material controlling baffle 2-5 in the top suspension for picking material roller 2-4, which passes through material controlling barrier support 2-13 It is fixedly installed on conveying rack 2-8.Material controlling switch 2-3 is provided with above back segment conveyer belt 2-1, material controlling switch 2-3 For common position switch or travel switch, which is fixedly installed in conveying rack 2-8 by switch bracket 2-2 On.Pressure wheel 2-18 is additionally provided with above the end-position of back segment conveyer belt 2-1, pressure wheel 2-18 is also by corresponding branch Frame rotating support is on conveying rack 2-8.
As shown in fig. 7, gap b and truncation between the lower end surface of material controlling baffle 2-5 and the most upper bus for picking material roller 2-4 Ratio b/h=1.5 of timber 2-19 thickness h, the ratio is between b/h=1.8-1.2, between ensuring that conveying timber passes through this one by one Gap channel, the spacing L picked between material roller 2-4 and leading portion conveyer belt 2-7 is adjustable spacing, and spacing L should be greater than the setting of waste material Length, but should be less than the length of useful truncation material, so that there are materials to pass through, and waste material falls rejecting.
Sorting pusher 3 as shown in Figure 8, the sorting pusher 3 is by the pusher cylinder 3- that is installed on conveying rack 2-8 4 and scraping wings 3-3 composition, scraping wings 3-3 are fixedly connected on the piston rod front end of pusher cylinder 3-4;In scraping wings 3-3 with respect to position The side set is additionally provided with protective baffle plate 3-1, and protective baffle plate 3-1 is installed on conveying rack 2-8 also by corresponding bracket, To prevent the timber released by scraping wings 3-3 from popping up.
Such as the plane milling machine 1 of Fig. 9, Figure 10, which is four side moulder milling machine, naturally it is also possible to be the knot such as double surfacer milling machine The plane milling machine of structure.The four side moulder milling machine includes fuselage 1-11, and workbench 1-10 is provided on fuselage 1-11, and workbench 1-10 is used for Support holds planing timber.Planing tool 1-6 and upper planing tool 1-2 planing tool 1-7, adjustable cast iron planes under is successively supported under force plane on fuselage 1-11, on State under force plane that planing tool 1-6 and upper planing tool 1-2 feed path along timber and set gradually from front to back under planing tool 1-7, adjustable cast iron planes;Under force plane Planing tool 1-6 is in same planing plane under planing tool 1-7 and adjustable cast iron planes, which is lower than the planing plane where upper planing tool, Being formed by channel between the two planings plane is that timber feeds channel.Each planing tool and its cutter shaft can be upper and lower with respect to fuselage 1-11 Slidable adjustment, and its cutter shaft is mutually sequentially connected by belt transmission with main motor 1-12.The also vertical branch on fuselage 1-11 Left vertical cutter 1-3 and right vertical cutter 1-4, planing tool 1-7, adjustable cast iron planes under the cutter shaft axial line and force plane of left vertical cutter 1-3 and right vertical cutter 1-4 are held The cutter shaft axial line of lower planing tool 1-6 and upper planing tool 1-2 are mutually perpendicular to.Left vertical cutter 1-3 and right vertical cutter 1-4 is located at timber feeding The left and right side in path, and left vertical cutter 1-3 and right vertical cutter 1-4 are located at the timber under adjustable cast iron planes between planing tool 1-6 and upper planing tool 1-2 The arranged on left and right sides fed path.Air draught presser foot component 1-1 and feeding roll assembly 1-5, air draught pressure are also equipped on fuselage 1-11 The position of foot component 1-1 is corresponding with upper planing tool 1-2.Feeding roll assembly 1-5 includes upper feeding roller 1-8 and lower feeding roller 1- 16, it is fixedly connected with edge-on roller mounting base 1-15 in the front end of fuselage 1-11, is rotationally installed on the edge-on roller mounting base 1-15 There are several timber to be sent edge-on roller 1-14;Timber means for communicating 1-9, timber means for communicating are also equipped in the front end of fuselage 1-11 1-9 is corresponding with the position that timber is sent edge-on roller 1-14.When planing, plane mills timber 1-13 from timber means for communicating 1-9 and wood Material is sent the timber delivery channel feeding plane milling machine between edge-on roller 1-14 and carries out planing operation.
Feeding roll assembly 1-5 as shown in figure 11, feeding roll assembly 1-5 includes cradle riser guide 502 and cradle Crossbeam 503, cradle crossbeam 503 is slidably supported on cradle riser guide 502, which includes sliding Dynamic track base and slide rail, slide rail seat are fixedly installed on fuselage 1-11, and slide rail is slidably supported in slide rail On seat, cradle crossbeam 503 is fixedly connected on the upper end of slide rail.Cradle lifting is connected in the lower end of slide rail to pass Dynamic pair 501, which is screw pair, and the lead screw of screw pair is mutually fixed with slide rail Connection, the nut rotating support of screw pair is on fuselage 1-11.Cradle crossbeam 503 is in girder structure, at its both ends point It is not supported with cradle riser guide 502, each cradle riser guide 502 is corresponding with a cradle lifting and driving pair 501, The nut of each cradle lifting and driving pair 501 is connected by worm couple with lifting and driving axis 510, the lifting and driving axis 510 are connected by shaft coupling with cradle lifting motor 509, start cradle lifting motor 509 to drive cradle to go up and down Transmission 501, and drive cradle crossbeam 503 to slide up and down lifting by cradle riser guide 502.
Feeding roll drive motor 507 is fixedly installed on cradle crossbeam 503, feeding roll drive motor 507 is by sending Expect that roller transmission and feeding roller drive shaft are sequentially connected, feeding roller transmission is belt transmission, and feeding roller drive shaft is one flat Row is in the transmission long axis of upper cradle crossbeam.Fixed bearing has feeding roller speed reducer, feeding roller driving on cradle crossbeam 503 Axis is mutually sequentially connected with each feeding roller speed reducer.Each feeding roller speed reducer includes there are two power output shaft, and each power is defeated Shaft output revolving speed having the same, two power output shafts drive universal joint and lower feeding roller to drive with upper feeding roller respectively One end of universal joint is connected, the other end of upper feeding roller driving universal joint and lower feeding roller driving universal joint then respectively with it is corresponding Upper feeding roller 1-8 be connected with lower feeding roller 1-16.
Servo-actuated pinch roller cylinder 505 is also equipped on cradle crossbeam 503, the tailpiece of the piston rod connection of the servo-actuated pinch roller cylinder There is servo-actuated pinch roller frame 506, servo-actuated pinch roller frame 506 rides on corresponding upper feeding roller 8, and servo-actuated pinch roller cylinder 505 passes through cylinder Mounting base 504 is installed on cradle crossbeam 503.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, connection is servo-actuated cylinder 505 there are two servo-actuated cylinder 505 on servo-actuated pinch roller frame 506 Piston end is twisted with servo-actuated 506 phase of pinch roller frame to be connected.Setting rides slot 511 there are three feeding roller on servo-actuated pinch roller frame 506, installs When, servo-actuated pinch roller frame 506 rides slot 511 by feeding roller thereon and is ridden with interval on corresponding upper feeding roller 1-8.? It is rotatably mounted with servo-actuated pinch roller 508 on servo-actuated pinch roller frame 506, is servo-actuated the work section of pinch roller 508 with upper feeding roller 1-8's Work section is on same working face, so that servo-actuated pinch roller 508 and upper feeding roller 1-8 are pressed in the upper surface of timber On, being servo-actuated pinch roller 508 is three rolling bearings, which is rotatably supported in servo-actuated pinch roller frame by bearing core On 506.
Such as Figure 14, air draught presser foot component 1-1 shown in figure 15, air draught presser foot component 1-1 includes presser feet seat 102, is being pressed The rear side of pedestal 102 is fixedly installed with rear presser foot component 101, the presser foot component before the front side of presser feet seat 102 is fixedly installed with, should Preceding claw 110 before preceding presser foot component includes preceding presser feet seat 104 and is supported on presser feet seat 104.Preceding presser foot component and rear pressure Foot component 101 is all made of the general presser foot component of plane milling machine.Suspended hood 103, upper planing tool 1- are fixedly installed on presser feet seat 102 2 are located in the cavity of presser feet seat 102, and suspended hood 103 is connected with the cavity of presser feet seat 102, to siphon away planing in planing Sawdust.There is presser feet to be servo-actuated pinch roller slide 107 by the way that sliding rail 106 is slidably supported on preceding presser feet seat 104.
As shown in Figure 16, Figure 17, presser feet is servo-actuated the L-shaped structure in section of pinch roller slide 107, is servo-actuated pinch roller seat in presser feet Rotating support has presser feet to be servo-actuated pinch roller 108 on 107 lower end transverse arm, and it is rolling bearing that presser feet, which is servo-actuated pinch roller 108, and presser feet is with dynamic pressure Two wheel pressing shafts are supported on the transverse arm of wheel seat 107, there are three rolling bearings for rotating support on every wheel pressing shaft, to form two Group presser feet is servo-actuated pinch roller 108, and the axial line that two groups of presser feets are servo-actuated pinch roller 108 is parallel to each other, and presser feet is servo-actuated the lower end of pinch roller seat 107 Transverse arm and presser feet thereon are servo-actuated the preceding downside of claw 110 before pinch roller 108 is extend into.And it is pressed in wood together with preceding claw 110 On material.Presser feet is servo-actuated pinch roller seat 107 and is vertically provided with spring groove, adjustment spring 112 is equipped in the spring groove, in preceding pressure Adjusting nut pair 111 is also equipped on pedestal 104, adjustment spring 112 is supported on adjusting nut pair 111 and servo-actuated pinch roller slide Between 107.Before the nut of adjusting nut pair 111 is fixedly installed on presser feet seat 104, the screw front end of adjusting nut pair 111 with The upper end of adjustment spring 112 is in contact, and turns the pressing force that the adjustable spring of adjusting screw rod is servo-actuated pinch roller 108 to presser feet.? Presser feet is servo-actuated between the lower end transverse arm and preceding presser feet seat 104 of pinch roller seat 107 and is supported with pinch roller spring 109,109 He of pinch roller spring The resultant force of adjustment spring 112 is applied to presser feet and is servo-actuated on pinch roller 108.
As shown in Figure 18, Figure 19, timber means for communicating 1-9 includes delivery support 901, and delivery support 901 is fixedly connected on On fuselage 1-11.Sliding rail cover board 902 is fixedly installed on delivery support 901, delivery slide plate 903 is sliding by sliding rail cover board 902 It is dynamic to be supported on delivery support 901, slide board locking device 912 is installed on delivery slide plate 903, the slide board locking device 912 For common band handle nut-screw structure.It is provided with screw pair between delivery support 901 and delivery slide plate 903, with Just the position of delivery slide plate 903 is adjusted.Screw pair includes adjusting screw 913 and adjusting nut 914, and adjusting nut 914 is solid Surely be supported on delivery support 901 on, 913 rotatable support of adjusting screw in delivery support 901 on, the front end of adjusting screw 913 Also it is fixedly connected with delivery slide plate 903.
Bottom is fixedly connected with slide plate top cover 916 on delivery slide plate 903, and delivery drive sprocket 911, is opened delivery sprocket wheel 905 Tight sprocket wheel 909 and cornerite sprocket wheel 904 are located in the sprocket cavities that delivery slide plate 903 and slide plate top cover 916 are constituted.In slide plate Delivery motor 918 is installed, the output shaft of delivery motor 918 passes through slide plate top cover 916 and stretches to sprocket cavities on top cover 916 In, delivery drive sprocket 911 is fixedly installed in the output shaft end of delivery motor 918.It is arranged in the two sides of delivery driving wheel 911 There are cornerite sprocket wheel 904, cornerite sprocket wheel 904 and 909 rotating support of tightener sprocket on delivery slide plate 903.On delivery slide plate 903 Rotating support has six delivery sprocket wheels 905, and the axis line location of six delivery sprocket wheels 905 and tightener sprocket 909 is on same straight line. Tensioning is engaged with delivery chain on delivery drive sprocket 911, cornerite sprocket wheel 904, delivery sprocket wheel 905 and tightener sprocket 909 910, each sprocket wheel and chain are all made of multiple rows of bushroller chain.
As shown in Figure 20, Figure 21 and Figure 22, the delivery rotational installation of sprocket wheel 905 is in one end of sprocket wheel swing arm 906, sprocket wheel swing arm 906 is hinged on arm swing support 907, is supported by holddown spring between the other end and arm swing support 907 of sprocket wheel swing arm 906 908, arm swing support 907 is then fixedly installed on delivery slide plate 903.The pressing force of the spring of holddown spring 908 passes through sprocket wheel swing arm 906, it is sent sprocket wheel 905 and delivery chain 910 is applied to by delivery timber.It is located at delivery chain 910 by delivery timber and is led On the timber delivery channel for sending edge-on roller 1-14 to constitute.

Claims (10)

1. adjustable cast iron planes production line, including preferred amputating saw (4) and plane milling machine (1) is preferably truncated in a kind of high speed, it is characterised in that: described It is preferred that amputating saw (4) is connected with plane milling machine (1) by the way that material conveying device (2) are truncated, in the charging of the preferred amputating saw (4) End is connected with feed conveying device (5), and sorting pusher (3) is additionally provided in truncation material conveying device (2);The charging is defeated Sending device (5) includes feeding rack (5-11), and work top (5-14) and feeding conveying are equipped on feeding rack (5-11) Band (5-19), the feeding conveyer belt (5-19) support are held on work top (5-14), are also installed on the feeding rack (5-11) There are feeding side abutment plate (5-3) and side pressure wheel support (5-4), it is hinged on side pressure wheel support (5-4) to have side pressure swing arm (5-2), side The overhanging end rotating support of pressure swing arm (5-2) has lateral pressure wheel (5-1), between side pressure swing arm (5-2) and side pressure wheel support (5-4) It is supported with side pressure spring (5-5), constitutes feed alley between the feeding side abutment plate (5-3) being oppositely arranged and lateral pressure wheel (5-1);? Material controlling baffle (5-7) is installed, gap between the material controlling baffle (5-7) and feeding conveyer belt (5-19) on work top (5-14) The ratio between thickness H of B and timber (5-10) is B/H=1.8-1.2;The truncation material conveying device (2) includes conveying rack (2-8), It is provided with leading portion conveyer belt (2-7) and back segment conveyer belt (2-1) on output material rack (2-8), the one of conveying rack (2-8) Side is fixedly installed feeding backup plate (2-6), is then adjustably provided with leading portion Active guide fence in the other side of conveying rack (2-8) (2-11) and back segment Active guide fence (2-15), leading portion Active guide fence (2-11) is corresponding with the leading portion conveyer belt position (2-7), back segment Active guide fence (2-15) is corresponding with the back segment conveyer belt position (2-1);In leading portion conveyer belt (2-7) and back segment conveyer belt (2-11) Between be provided with pick material roller (2-4), pick material roller (2-4) above be provided with material controlling baffle (2-5);In back segment conveyer belt (2- 1) top is equipped with material controlling switch (2-3);The plane milling machine includes fuselage (1-11) and is fixedly connected on fuselage (1-11) Workbench (1-10), feeding roll assembly (1-5) is connected on fuselage (1-11), the upper feeding of the feeding roll assembly (1-5) Roller (1-8) is located at the top of workbench (1-10), the lower feeding roller position (1-16) of feeding roll assembly (1-5) and workbench (1- 10) table top is corresponding, is also supported with rotatable left vertical cutter (1-3) and right vertical cutter (1-4) vertically on fuselage (1-11), should Left vertical cutter (1-3) and right vertical cutter (1-4) are located at the left and right side in timber feeding channel, on the fuselage (1-11) also Horizontal supporting has under rotatable force plane planing tool (1-6) and upper planing tool (1-2), planing tool under the force plane under planing tool (1-7), adjustable cast iron planes Planing tool (1-6) and upper planing tool (1-2) are set gradually from front to back along timber feeding channel under (1-7), adjustable cast iron planes, the upper planing tool The planing plane of (1-2) is located under force plane the top of planing tool (1-6) planing plane under planing tool (1-7) and adjustable cast iron planes;The feeding roller Component (1-5) includes cradle crossbeam (503), and the cradle crossbeam (503) is slidably supported by cradle riser guide (502) In on fuselage (1-11), cradle riser guide (502) also passes through cradle lifting and driving secondary (501) and cradle lifting motor (509) be sequentially connected, be supported with several upper feeding rollers (1-8) and lower feeding roller (1-16) on cradle crossbeam (503), it is each on Feeding roller (1-8) and lower feeding roller (1-16) are sequentially connected with feeding roll drive motor (507), in cradle crossbeam (503) On be also equipped with servo-actuated pinch roller cylinder (505), the tailpiece of the piston rod of servo-actuated pinch roller cylinder (505) is connected with servo-actuated pinch roller frame (506), it is servo-actuated pinch roller frame (506) to ride on corresponding upper feeding roller (1-8), on servo-actuated roller frame (506) rotationally Servo-actuated pinch roller (508) are supported with, the working face of servo-actuated pinch roller (508) and the working face of upper feeding roller (1-8) are in same In one plane;It is provided with air draught presser foot component (1-1) on the outside of the upper planing tool (1-2), which includes There are presser feet seat (102), presser feet seat (104) before being fixedly installed on front side of presser feet seat (102), on the preceding presser feet seat (104) Preceding claw (110) are supported with, slidably supported on preceding presser feet seat (104) to have presser feet to be servo-actuated pinch roller slide (107), presser feet is with dynamic pressure Wheel slide (107) lower end rotating support has presser feet to be servo-actuated pinch roller (108), is also equipped with adjusting nut on preceding presser feet seat (104) Secondary (111), adjusting nut pair (111) and presser feet are servo-actuated between pinch roller slide (107) and are supported with adjustment spring (112);It is described The fuselage front end (1-11) is rotatably equipped with several timber by edge-on roller mounting base (1-15) and is sent edge-on roller (1-14), the machine The front end of body (1-11) is also equipped with timber means for communicating (1-9), which includes delivery support (901) With slidably supported in the delivery slide plate (903) in delivery support (901), delivery support (901) is fixedly connected on fuselage (1-11) On, several delivery sprocket wheels (905) and delivery drive sprocket (911) are installed in delivery slide plate (903), in delivery sprocket wheel (905) there are delivery chain (910) with tensioning in delivery drive sprocket (911), delivery chain corresponding with delivery sprocket wheel (905) (910) timber is formed between the edge-on roller (1-14) of delivery and is sent channel, which is sent channel and mutually holds in the mouth with timber feeding channel It connects.
2. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the side pressure wheel support (5- 4) at least hinged on there are two side pressure swing arm (5-2), have a side pressure in the equal rotating support of overhanging end of each side pressure swing arm (5-2) It takes turns (5-1).
3. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the work top (5- 14) it is adjustably provided with moveable top (5-12) on, bin stock Active guide fence (5- is fixedly connected on moveable top (5-12) 13) it, is fixedly installed with bin stock side abutment plate (5-9) on the work top (5-14), bin stock side abutment plate (5-9) is leaned on bin stock activity The position plate (5-13) is corresponding, and bin stock space is constituted between bin stock side abutment plate (5-9) and bin stock Active guide fence (5-13);Institute It states and is also fixedly installed with delivery reed (5-8) on moveable top (5-12).
4. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the material controlling baffle (2-5) Be fixedly installed on conveying rack (2-8) by material controlling barrier support (2-13), the material controlling baffle (2-5) and pick material roller (2-4) Between gap b and be truncated timber (2-19) thickness h ratio b/h=1.8-1.2.
5. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: material roller (2-4) that picks has It is positioned apart between leading portion conveyer belt (2-7) and back segment conveyer belt (2-11), this picks material roller (2-4) and leading portion conveyer belt Spacing L between (2-7) is adjustable spacing.
6. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the material controlling switchs (2-3) For position switch, material controlling switch (2-3) is fixedly installed on conveying rack (2-8) by switch bracket (2-2), after described Rotatable pressure wheel (2-18) is provided with above the end-position of section conveyer belt (2-1).
7. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the sorting pusher (3) It is made of the pusher cylinder (3-4) and scraping wings (3-3) that are installed on conveying rack (2-8), scraping wings (3-3) is fixedly connected on The piston rod front end of pusher cylinder (3-4).
8. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: on the presser feet seat (102) Suspended hood (103) are fixedly connected with, rear presser foot component (101) are fixedly installed on rear side of presser feet seat (102);The presser feet with Dynamic pressure wheel slide (107) is slidably supported on preceding presser feet seat (104) by sliding rail (106);The presser feet is servo-actuated pinch roller slide (107) L-shaped structure, being servo-actuated pinch roller slide (107) lower end rotating support in presser feet has two groups of presser feets to be servo-actuated pinch roller (108), and this two groups The rolling centerline that presser feet is servo-actuated pinch roller (108) is parallel to each other;It is servo-actuated on pinch roller slide (107) in presser feet and spring groove is set, adjusted Section spring (112) is located in the spring groove, before the adjusting nut secondary (111) is installed on by its nut on presser feet seat (104), The nut of adjusting nut pair (111) is in contact with adjustment spring (112);The presser feet is servo-actuated pinch roller slide (107) and preceding presser feet Pinch roller spring (109) are supported between seat (104).
9. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the delivery slide plate (903) Upper end is fixedly connected with slide plate top cover (916), is sent drive sprocket (911) and delivery sprocket wheel (905) is located at delivery slide plate (903) and in the chamber that is constituted of slide plate top cover (916), delivery motor (918), delivery are installed on slide plate top cover (916) Drive sprocket (911) is fixedly installed in the output shaft end of delivery motor (918);There is tensioning in delivery slide plate (903) rotating support The center of rotation of sprocket wheel (909), each delivery sprocket wheel (905) and tightener sprocket (909) is located along the same line.
10. adjustable cast iron planes production line is preferably truncated in high speed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the delivery sprocket wheel (905) It is rotatably installed on sprocket wheel swing arm (906) one end, sprocket wheel swing arm (906) is hinged on arm swing support (907), in sprocket wheel swing arm (906) holddown spring (908) are supported by between the other end and arm swing support (907);Arm swing support (907), which is fixedly installed in, leads It send on slide plate (903).
CN201811016023.6A 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 High-speed optimized cutting and finish planing production line Active CN109203085B (en)

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CN116117934B (en) * 2023-02-06 2023-12-01 江苏一启集成木业有限公司 Guiding type four-side planing and milling machine

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