CN109159326B - Waste rubber recycling device - Google Patents

Waste rubber recycling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109159326B
CN109159326B CN201810956261.9A CN201810956261A CN109159326B CN 109159326 B CN109159326 B CN 109159326B CN 201810956261 A CN201810956261 A CN 201810956261A CN 109159326 B CN109159326 B CN 109159326B
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
plate
freezing
fixedly connected
crank
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CN201810956261.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109159326A (en
Inventor
赵海霞
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Xinyi Xiyi High Tech Material Industry Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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Xinyi Xiyi High Tech Material Industry Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810956261.9A priority Critical patent/CN109159326B/en
Priority to CN202010753700.3A priority patent/CN111844541B/en
Priority to CN202010754759.4A priority patent/CN111873253B/en
Publication of CN109159326A publication Critical patent/CN109159326A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/18Use of auxiliary physical effects, e.g. ultrasonics, irradiation, for disintegrating
    • B02C19/186Use of cold or heat for disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B2017/0424Specific disintegrating techniques; devices therefor
    • B29B2017/0472Balls or rollers in a container
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Toxicology (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Disintegrating Or Milling (AREA)
  • Crushing And Grinding (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a recycling device, in particular to a waste rubber recycling device which comprises a whole machine support, a fixed base plate, a liquid nitrogen box, a connecting plate, a crushing support plate, a freezing mechanism, a triangular clamping body, a pushing connecting rod, a shifting fork, a power mechanism, a crank connecting rod, a pushing plate, a transmission mechanism and a crushing mechanism.

Description

Waste rubber recycling device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a recycling device, in particular to a waste rubber recycling device.
Background
For example, patent No. CN201220254689.7 discloses a rubber recycling device, which is applied to a waste rubber recycling system. This rubber recovery unit sets up the powder export including connecting the branch silo in crushing separator discharge gate lower part, the side in branch silo, and powder outlet connects dust collector, and the bottom in branch silo is equipped with cubic rubber export, sets up the conveyer belt below cubic rubber export. The whole rubber recovery device is simple and reasonable in structure, rubber powder in the separated rubber can be directly sucked away through the dust removal device, the block rubber is conveyed to a recovery workshop through the conveying belt, operation is convenient, and no powdered rubber is scattered in the whole process, so that a good working environment can be guaranteed; the utility model discloses a but the point is that can not carry out the refrigeration to a certain amount of discarded rubber, also can not carry out shredding with the discarded rubber after the refrigeration.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a waste rubber recycling device, which can freeze waste rubber with a fixed weight and crush the frozen waste rubber to recycle the waste rubber.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a waste rubber recycling device comprises a whole machine support, a fixed bottom plate, a liquid nitrogen box, a connecting plate, a crushing support plate, a freezing mechanism, a triangular clamping body, a pushing connecting rod, a shifting fork, a power mechanism, a crank connecting rod, a pushing plate, a transmission mechanism and a crushing mechanism, wherein the fixed bottom plate is fixedly connected to the whole machine support, the liquid nitrogen box is fixedly connected to the upper end of the whole machine support, the left end of the connecting plate is fixedly connected to the whole machine support, the right end of the connecting plate is fixed and communicated to the crushing support, the right end of the connecting plate inclines downwards, the crushing support plate is fixedly connected to the crushing support, the upper end of the freezing mechanism is slidably connected to the whole machine support, the lower end of the freezing mechanism is slidably connected to the fixed bottom plate, a compression spring, the inner ends of the two triangular clamping bodies are connected to the lower end of the freezing mechanism in a sliding mode, a compression spring II is arranged between the two triangular clamping bodies and the freezing mechanism, the outer ends of the two triangular clamping bodies are clamped on the whole machine support, the upper end of a pushing connecting rod is hinged to the lower end of the freezing mechanism, the lower end of the pushing connecting rod is hinged to the upper end of a shifting fork, the lower end of the pushing connecting rod is inclined backwards, the lower end of the shifting fork is rotatably connected to a power mechanism, the power mechanism is fixedly connected to the whole machine support, a crank mechanism is rotatably connected to the whole machine support, the power mechanism and the crank mechanism are connected through belt transmission, one end of the crank connecting rod is hinged to the crank mechanism, the other end of the crank connecting rod is hinged to a pushing plate, the pushing plate is, the transmission mechanism is connected with the power mechanism through belt transmission, and the crushing mechanism is in meshing transmission with the transmission mechanism through gears.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the waste rubber recycling device comprises a side plate, two upper side plates and two rectangular grooves, wherein the side plate comprises a side plate body, two vertical sliding grooves and two W-shaped clamping bodies, the two side plate bodies, the two vertical sliding grooves and the two W-shaped clamping bodies are symmetrically arranged in the front and back direction, the two vertical sliding grooves are respectively arranged on the two side plate bodies, the two W-shaped clamping bodies are respectively welded on the two side plate bodies, the two W-shaped clamping bodies are respectively positioned at the lower ends of the two vertical sliding grooves, the two upper side plates and the two rectangular grooves are symmetrically arranged in the left and right direction, the two rectangular grooves are respectively arranged on the two upper side plates, the front end and the back end of each upper side plate are respectively and fixedly connected to the two side plate bodies, and the front end and the back end of each.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the waste rubber recycling device comprises a liquid nitrogen box body, an interference plate and a communicating groove, wherein the lower end of the interference plate is fixedly connected to the liquid nitrogen box body, the communicating groove is formed in the interference plate, the front end and the rear end of the liquid nitrogen box body are respectively and fixedly connected to the upper ends of two side plate bodies, the left end of a connecting plate is fixedly connected into a rectangular groove located at the right end, and a plurality of circular through holes are formed in the lower end face of the connecting plate.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the waste rubber recycling device comprises a crushing barrel, a crushing lower support and a rubber outlet, wherein the crushing barrel is fixedly connected to the upper end of the crushing lower support, the rubber outlet is formed in the lower end of the right side of the crushing barrel, the right end of a connecting plate is fixedly communicated with the crushing barrel, the upper end face of a crushing support plate is obliquely arranged, the right end of the crushing support plate is downward inclined, and the crushing support plate is fixedly connected to the lower end of the crushing barrel.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the invention relates to a waste rubber recycling device, wherein a freezing mechanism comprises a freezing bottom plate, two freezing side plates, two freezing slide rails, a freezing upper plate, a liquid nitrogen pipe, a sliding column and a clamping cylinder, the freezing side plates and the freezing slide rails are symmetrically arranged in front and back, the two freezing slide rails are respectively and fixedly connected to the inner sides of the two freezing side plates, the lower ends of the two freezing side plates are respectively and fixedly connected to the front end and the back end of the freezing bottom plate, the front end and the back end of the freezing upper plate are respectively and fixedly connected to the upper ends of the two freezing side plates, the middle end of the liquid nitrogen pipe is fixedly connected to the freezing upper plate, the upper end of the sliding column is fixedly connected to the lower end of the freezing bottom plate, the clamping cylinder is symmetrically arranged in front and back, the inner ends of the two clamping cylinders are respectively and fixedly connected to the, the cover is equipped with compression spring I on the slip post, and compression spring I is located between PMKD and the freezing bottom plate, and the symmetry is provided with two around the triangle-shaped joint body, and the inner of two triangle-shaped joint bodies is sliding connection respectively in the outer end of two joint sections, equal fixedly connected with compression spring II between two triangle-shaped joint bodies and two joint sections, and the outer end of two triangle-shaped joint bodies is the joint respectively in the upper end of two W shape joint bodies, and the upper end that promotes the connecting rod articulates the lower extreme at the slip post.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the power mechanism of the waste rubber recycling device comprises a motor, a crushing belt wheel, a sliding side tooth, a connecting key, a power shaft, a power side tooth and a power belt wheel, wherein the motor is a motor with double output shafts, the crushing belt wheel is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the motor at the front end, the sliding side tooth is slidably connected to an output shaft of the motor at the rear end through the connecting key, the front end of the power shaft is rotatably connected to the output shaft of the motor at the rear end, the power side tooth and the power belt wheel are respectively fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the power shaft, the motor is fixedly connected to a side plate body at the front end, the power shaft is rotatably connected to a side plate body at the rear end, and the lower end of a shifting fork is rotatably connected.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the waste rubber recycling device comprises a crank shaft, a crank and a crank belt wheel, wherein the crank and the crank belt wheel are fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the crank shaft respectively, the crank shaft is rotatably connected to a side plate body located in the rear end, the crank belt wheel is in transmission connection with a power belt wheel through a belt, one end of a crank connecting rod is hinged to the eccentric position of the crank, two rectangular sliding grooves are symmetrically formed in the front and the rear of a push plate, the other end of the crank connecting rod is hinged to the push plate, and the push plate is in clearance fit in a rectangular groove located on the left side.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the waste rubber recycling device comprises a transmission mechanism, a transmission belt wheel and a transmission bevel gear, wherein the transmission belt wheel is fixedly connected to the front end of the transmission shaft, the transmission bevel gear is fixedly connected to the middle end of the transmission shaft, two ends of the transmission shaft are rotatably connected to a lower crushing support, and the transmission belt wheel and the crushing belt wheel are in transmission connection through a belt.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the waste rubber recycling device comprises a crushing mechanism, crushing bevel teeth and a crushing conical wheel, wherein the crushing bevel teeth are fixedly connected to the lower end of the crushing shaft, the crushing conical wheel is fixedly connected to the middle end of the crushing shaft, the crushing shaft is rotatably connected to a crushing support plate, and the crushing bevel teeth are meshed with the transmission bevel teeth.
The waste rubber recycling device has the beneficial effects that:
according to the waste rubber recycling device, waste rubber with a certain weight can be placed in the freezing mechanism, when the waste rubber to be processed in the freezing mechanism reaches a certain weight, liquid nitrogen in the liquid nitrogen box freezes the waste rubber on the freezing bottom plate through the liquid nitrogen pipe, and when the liquid nitrogen and the waste rubber on the freezing mechanism reach a certain weight together, the pushing plate pushes the waste rubber after freezing to enter the crushing support through the connecting plate, and the crushing processing of the waste rubber is performed through the crushing mechanism.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a waste rubber recycling apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the sectional structure of the waste rubber recycling apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal transmission structure of the waste rubber recycling device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the overall bracket structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the construction of the side panel of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the liquid nitrogen box of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a web construction of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the crushing support structure of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a right side elevational view of the grinding carriage of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the shredder support plate configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of the freezing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a triangular clip body according to the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the power mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a power mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of the crank mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the pusher plate construction of the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the transmission mechanism of the present invention;
figure 18 is a schematic view of the shredder mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: a complete machine bracket 1; 1-1 of a side plate; a side plate body 1-1-1; a vertical sliding groove 1-1-2; 1-1-3 of a W-shaped clamping body; an upper side plate 1-2; 1-3 rectangular grooves; a fixed base plate 2; a liquid nitrogen tank 3; 3-1 parts of a liquid nitrogen box body; 3-2 of interference plates; 3-3 of a communicating groove; a connecting plate 4; a crushing support 5; 5-1 of a crushing cylinder; crushing 5-2 parts of a lower bracket; 5-3 of a rubber outlet; a crushing support plate 6; a freezing mechanism 7; a freezer floor 7-1; a freezing side plate 7-2; a freezing slide rail 7-3; freezing the upper plate 7-4; 7-5 parts of a liquid nitrogen pipe; 7-6 of a sliding column; 7-7 of a clamping cylinder; a triangular clamping body 8; pushing the connecting rod 9; a shift fork 10; a power mechanism 11; a motor 11-1; a pulverizing belt wheel 11-2; sliding side teeth 11-3; a connecting bond 11-4; a power shaft 11-5; power side teeth 11-6; a power pulley 11-7; a crank mechanism 12; a crankshaft 12-1; a crank 12-2; a crank pulley 12-3; a crank link 13; a push plate 14; a rectangular sliding groove 14-1; a transmission mechanism 15; a drive shaft 15-1; a driving pulley 15-2; 15-3 of transmission bevel gear; a crushing mechanism 16; a crushing shaft 16-1; crushing bevel teeth 16-2; and a crushing conical wheel 16-3.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The first embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 18, and a waste rubber recycling device comprises a complete machine support 1, a fixed bottom plate 2, a liquid nitrogen tank 3, a connecting plate 4, a crushing support 5, a crushing support plate 6, a freezing mechanism 7, a triangular clamping body 8, a pushing connecting rod 9, a shifting fork 10, a power mechanism 11, a crank mechanism 12, a crank connecting rod 13, a pushing plate 14, a transmission mechanism 15 and a crushing mechanism 16, wherein the fixed bottom plate 2 is fixedly connected to the complete machine support 1, the liquid nitrogen tank 3 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the complete machine support 1, the left end of the connecting plate 4 is fixedly connected to the complete machine support 1, the right end of the connecting plate 4 is fixedly communicated with the crushing support 5, the right end of the connecting plate 4 is inclined downwards, the crushing support plate 6 is fixedly connected to the crushing support 5, the upper end of the freezing mechanism 7 is slidably connected to the complete machine support, a compression spring I is arranged between the freezing mechanism 7 and the fixed bottom plate 2, two triangular clamping bodies 8 are symmetrically arranged in front and back, the inner ends of the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are connected to the lower end of the freezing mechanism 7 in a sliding manner, a compression spring II is arranged between the two triangular clamping bodies 8 and the freezing mechanism 7, the outer ends of the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are clamped on the whole machine support 1, the upper end of a pushing connecting rod 9 is hinged to the lower end of the freezing mechanism 7, the lower end of the pushing connecting rod 9 is hinged to the upper end of a shifting fork 10, the lower end of the pushing connecting rod 9 is inclined backwards, the lower end of the shifting fork 10 is rotatably connected to a power mechanism 11, the power mechanism 11 is fixedly connected to the whole machine support 1, a crank mechanism 12 is rotatably connected to the whole machine support 1, the power mechanism 11 is connected with the crank mechanism 12 through belt transmission, one end, the pushing plate 14 is in clearance fit with the whole machine support 1, the transmission mechanism 15 is rotationally connected to the crushing support 5, the crushing mechanism 16 is rotationally connected to the crushing support plate 6, the transmission mechanism 15 is in transmission connection with the power mechanism 11 through a belt, and the crushing mechanism 16 is in meshing transmission with the transmission mechanism 15 through gears; can place certain weight's waste rubber in freezing mechanism 7, when the waste rubber that will handle reaches certain weight in freezing mechanism 7, the liquid nitrogen in liquid nitrogen case 3 passes through liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 and will freeze the waste rubber on bottom plate 7-1 and freeze the processing, when liquid nitrogen and waste rubber on freezing mechanism 7 reach certain weight jointly, the pushing plate 14 promotes to be carried out in smashing support 5 through connecting plate 4 by the waste rubber that freezing process was accomplished, carries out waste rubber's shredding through rubbing crusher 16.
The second embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 18, and the embodiment further describes the first embodiment, where the complete machine bracket 1 includes a side plate 1-1, an upper side plate 1-2, and a rectangular groove 1-3, the side plate 1-1 includes a side plate body 1-1-1, a vertical sliding groove 1-1-2, and a W-shaped fastening body 1-1-3, the side plate body 1-1-1, the vertical sliding groove 1-1-2, and the W-shaped fastening body 1-1-3 are symmetrically arranged in front and at the back, the two vertical sliding grooves 1-1-2 are respectively arranged on the two side plate bodies 1-1-1, the two W-shaped fastening bodies 1-1-3 are respectively welded on the two side plate bodies 1-1-1, and the two W-shaped fastening bodies 1-3 are respectively located at the lower ends of the two vertical sliding grooves 1-1-2 The two upper side plates 1-2 and the two rectangular grooves 1-3 are symmetrically arranged left and right, the two rectangular grooves 1-3 are respectively arranged on the two upper side plates 1-2, the front and rear ends of the two upper side plates 1-2 are respectively fixedly connected to the two side plate bodies 1-1-1, and the front and rear ends of the fixed bottom plate 2 are respectively fixedly connected to the two side plate bodies 1-1-1; three clamping positions are arranged on the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, and the accuracy of the functional position is ensured by arranging the three clamping positions on the W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3.
The third concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 18, and the embodiment further describes the second embodiment, where the liquid nitrogen box 3 includes a liquid nitrogen box body 3-1, an interference plate 3-2 and a communication groove 3-3, the lower end of the interference plate 3-2 is fixedly connected to the liquid nitrogen box body 3-1, the communication groove 3-3 is disposed on the interference plate 3-2, the front and rear ends of the liquid nitrogen box body 3-1 are respectively fixedly connected to the upper ends of the two side plate bodies 1-1-1, the left end of the connecting plate 4 is fixedly connected to the inside of the rectangular groove 1-3 located at the right end, and the lower end face of the connecting plate 4 is provided with a plurality of circular through holes; when the liquid nitrogen and the frozen waste rubber pass through the connecting plate 4, the liquid nitrogen flows out through the plurality of circular through holes arranged on the lower end face of the connecting plate 4, and the frozen waste rubber cannot fall into the crushing cylinder 5-1 through the plurality of circular through holes arranged on the lower end face of the connecting plate 4.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
the third embodiment is further described with reference to fig. 1-18, wherein the crushing support 5 comprises a crushing cylinder 5-1, a crushing lower support 5-2 and a rubber outlet 5-3, the crushing cylinder 5-1 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the crushing lower support 5-2, the rubber outlet 5-3 is arranged at the lower end of the right side of the crushing cylinder 5-1, the right end of the connecting plate 4 is fixedly and communicated with the crushing cylinder 5-1, the upper end face of the crushing support plate 6 is obliquely arranged, the right end of the crushing support plate 6 is obliquely inclined downwards, and the crushing support plate 6 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the crushing cylinder 5-1.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
the fourth embodiment is further described with reference to fig. 1 to 18, wherein the freezing mechanism 7 includes a freezing bottom plate 7-1, two freezing side plates 7-2, two freezing slide rails 7-3, two freezing upper plates 7-4, two liquid nitrogen pipes 7-5, a sliding column 7-6 and a clamping cylinder 7-7, the two freezing side plates 7-2 and the two freezing slide rails 7-3 are symmetrically arranged in front and back, the two freezing slide rails 7-3 are respectively and fixedly connected to the inner sides of the two freezing side plates 7-2, the lower ends of the two freezing side plates 7-2 are respectively and fixedly connected to the front and back ends of the freezing bottom plate 7-1, the front and back ends of the freezing upper plate 7-4 are respectively and fixedly connected to the upper ends of the two freezing side plates 7-2, the middle end of the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 is fixedly connected to the freezing upper plate 7-4, the upper end of a sliding column 7-6 is fixedly connected with the lower end of a freezing bottom plate 7-1, two clamping cylinders 7-7 are symmetrically arranged in front and back, the inner ends of the two clamping cylinders 7-7 are fixedly connected with the sliding column 7-6, the upper ends of liquid nitrogen pipes 7-5 are in interference fit with an interference plate 3-2, the sliding column 7-6 is slidably connected with a fixed bottom plate 2, a compression spring I is sleeved on the sliding column 7-6 and is positioned between the fixed bottom plate 2 and the freezing bottom plate 7-1, two triangular clamping bodies 8 are symmetrically arranged in front and back, the inner ends of the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are respectively slidably connected with the outer ends of the two clamping cylinders 7-7, a compression spring II is fixedly connected between the two triangular clamping bodies 8 and the two clamping cylinders 7-7, the outer ends of the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are respectively clamped at the upper ends of the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the upper end of the pushing connecting rod 9 is hinged at the lower end of the sliding column 7-6; when the waste rubber is used, the waste rubber to be treated is placed on the freezing bottom plate 7-1, when the weight of the waste rubber on the freezing bottom plate 7-1 reaches a required degree, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 extrudes the compression spring I to move downwards, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 pushes the sliding column 7-6 to move downwards, the sliding column 7-6 drives the two clamping cylinders 7-7 to move downwards, the two clamping cylinders 7-7 drive the two triangular clamping bodies 8 to move downwards, the two triangular clamping bodies 8 extrude the compression spring II to change the clamping positions on the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are clamped at the middle ends of the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 drives the freezing upper plate 7-4 to move downwards, the freezing upper plate 7-4 drives the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 to move downwards, the upper end of the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 is in interference fit with the interference plate 3-2, when the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 moves downwards, the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 is communicated with the inside of the liquid nitrogen box body 3-1 through the communicating groove 3-3, the liquid nitrogen falls onto the freezing bottom plate 7-1 through the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 to freeze the waste rubber, when the liquid nitrogen and the waste rubber on the freezing bottom plate 7-1 reach a certain weight, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 continues to move downwards, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 drives the two triangular clamping bodies 8 to move downwards, the two triangular clamping bodies 8 extrude the compression spring II to change the clamping positions on the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, when the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are clamped at the lower ends of the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 is blocked by the interference plate 3-2 and is not blocked towards the freezing bottom plate 7- Liquid nitrogen is delivered on the 1.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
the present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 18, and the present embodiment further describes the fifth embodiment, where the power mechanism 11 includes a motor 11-1, a pulverizing pulley 11-2, a sliding side tooth 11-3, a connecting key 11-4, a power shaft 11-5, a power side tooth 11-6 and a power pulley 11-7, the motor 11-1 is a dual output shaft motor, the pulverizing pulley 11-2 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the motor 11-1 at the front end, the sliding side tooth 11-3 is slidably connected to an output shaft of the motor 11-1 at the rear end through the connecting key 11-4, the front end of the power shaft 11-5 is rotatably connected to an output shaft of the motor 11-1 at the rear end, the power side tooth 11-6 and the power pulley 11-7 are fixedly connected to the front and rear ends of the power shaft 11-5 respectively, the motor 11-1 is fixedly connected to the side plate body 1-1-1 positioned on the front side, the power shaft 11-5 is rotatably connected to the side plate body 1-1-1 positioned on the rear side, and the lower end of the shifting fork 10 is rotatably connected to the sliding side tooth 11-3; starting the motor 11-1, driving the crushing belt wheel 11-2 to rotate by the motor 11-1, driving the sliding side teeth 11-3 to rotate by the motor 11-1 through the connecting key 11-4, driving the sliding column 7-6 to move downwards, driving the upper end of the pushing connecting rod 9 to move downwards, driving the lower end of the pushing connecting rod 9 to move backwards, driving the shifting fork 10 to move backwards by the pushing connecting rod 9, driving the sliding side teeth 11-3 to move backwards to be meshed with the power side teeth 11-6, driving the power side teeth 11-6 to rotate by the sliding side teeth 11-3, driving the power side teeth 11-5 to rotate by the power side teeth 11-6, and driving the power belt wheel 11-7 to rotate by the power shaft 11-5.
The seventh embodiment:
this embodiment will be described below with reference to fig. 1 to 18, and this embodiment will further describe embodiment six, the crank mechanism 12 comprises a crank shaft 12-1, a crank 12-2 and a crank belt wheel 12-3, the crank 12-2 and the crank belt wheel 12-3 are respectively and fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the crank shaft 12-1, the crank shaft 12-1 is rotatably connected to a side plate body 1-1-1 positioned in the rear end, the crank belt wheel 12-3 is connected with a power belt wheel 11-7 through belt transmission, one end of a crank connecting rod 13 is hinged to the eccentric position of the crank 12-2, two rectangular sliding grooves 14-1 are symmetrically arranged in the front and the rear of a push plate 14, the other end of the crank connecting rod 13 is hinged to the push plate 14, and the push plate 14 is in clearance fit in the rectangular groove 1-3 positioned on the left; the power belt wheel 11-7 drives the crank belt wheel 12-3 to rotate, the crank belt wheel 12-3 drives the crank shaft 12-1 to rotate, the crank shaft 12-1 drives the crank 12-2 to rotate, the crank 12-2 drives the crank connecting rod 13 to move, the crank connecting rod 13 drives the pushing plate 14 to move, when the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are clamped at the lower ends of the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the two freezing slide rails 7-3 and the two rectangular slide grooves 14-1 are at the same horizontal height, the pushing plate 14 slides on the two freezing slide rails 7-3 through the two rectangular slide grooves 14-1 to push the liquid nitrogen and the waste rubber on the freezing bottom plate 7-1 rightwards, and when the pushing plate 14 pushes the liquid nitrogen and the waste rubber away from the freezing bottom plate 7-1, due to the limiting effect of the two freezing slide rails 7-3, the two triangular clamping bodies 8 cannot reset under the action of the compression spring I, and when the pushing plate 14 moves and resets, the compression spring I pushes the freezing bottom plate 7-1 to move and reset upwards.
The specific implementation mode is eight:
the present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 18, and the seventh embodiment is further described in the present embodiment, where the transmission mechanism 15 includes a transmission shaft 15-1, a transmission pulley 15-2 and a transmission bevel gear 15-3, the transmission pulley 15-2 is fixedly connected to the front end of the transmission shaft 15-1, the transmission bevel gear 15-3 is fixedly connected to the middle end of the transmission shaft 15-1, both ends of the transmission shaft 15-1 are rotatably connected to the lower pulverizing support 5-2, and the transmission pulley 15-2 and the pulverizing pulley 11-2 are in transmission connection through a belt; the grinding belt wheel 11-2 drives the transmission belt wheel 15-2 to rotate, the transmission belt wheel 15-2 drives the transmission shaft 15-1 to rotate, and the transmission shaft 15-1 drives the transmission bevel gear 15-3 to rotate.
The specific implementation method nine:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 18, and the eighth embodiment is further described in the present embodiment, wherein the crushing mechanism 16 comprises a crushing shaft 16-1, a crushing bevel gear 16-2 and a crushing bevel wheel 16-3, the crushing bevel gear 16-2 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the crushing shaft 16-1, the crushing bevel wheel 16-3 is fixedly connected to the middle end of the crushing shaft 16-1, the crushing shaft 16-1 is rotatably connected to the crushing support plate 6, and the crushing bevel gear 16-2 is meshed with the transmission bevel gear 15-3; the transmission bevel gear 15-3 drives the crushing bevel gear 16-2 to rotate, the crushing bevel gear 16-2 drives the crushing shaft 16-1 to rotate, the crushing shaft 16-1 drives the crushing conical wheel 16-3 to rotate, and the crushing conical wheel 16-3 crushes the frozen waste rubber and discharges the crushed waste rubber through the rubber outlet 5-3.
The invention relates to a waste rubber recycling device, which has the working principle that:
when the waste rubber is used, the waste rubber to be treated is placed on the freezing bottom plate 7-1, when the weight of the waste rubber on the freezing bottom plate 7-1 reaches a required degree, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 extrudes the compression spring I to move downwards, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 pushes the sliding column 7-6 to move downwards, the sliding column 7-6 drives the two clamping cylinders 7-7 to move downwards, the two clamping cylinders 7-7 drive the two triangular clamping bodies 8 to move downwards, the two triangular clamping bodies 8 extrude the compression spring II to change the clamping positions on the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are clamped at the middle ends of the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 drives the freezing upper plate 7-4 to move downwards, the freezing upper plate 7-4 drives the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 to move downwards, the upper end of the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 is in interference fit with the interference plate 3-2, when the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 moves downwards, the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 is communicated with the inside of the liquid nitrogen box body 3-1 through the communicating groove 3-3, the liquid nitrogen falls onto the freezing bottom plate 7-1 through the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 to freeze the waste rubber, when the liquid nitrogen and the waste rubber on the freezing bottom plate 7-1 reach a certain weight, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 continues to move downwards, the freezing bottom plate 7-1 drives the two triangular clamping bodies 8 to move downwards, the two triangular clamping bodies 8 extrude the compression spring II to change the clamping positions on the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, when the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are clamped at the lower ends of the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the liquid nitrogen pipe 7-5 is blocked by the interference plate 3-2 and is not blocked towards the freezing bottom plate 7-1, conveying liquid nitrogen; starting a motor 11-1, driving a crushing belt wheel 11-2 to rotate by the motor 11-1, driving a sliding side tooth 11-3 to rotate by the motor 11-1 through a connecting key 11-4, driving a sliding column 7-6 to move downwards, driving an upper end of a pushing connecting rod 9 to move downwards, driving a lower end of the pushing connecting rod 9 to move backwards, driving the connecting rod 9 to drive a shifting fork 10 to move backwards, driving the sliding side tooth 11-3 by the shifting fork 10 to move backwards to be engaged with a power side tooth 11-6, driving the power side tooth 11-6 to rotate by the sliding side tooth 11-3, driving a power shaft 11-5 to rotate by the power shaft 11-5 to drive a power belt wheel 11-7 to rotate, driving a crank belt wheel 12-3 by the power belt wheel 11-7 to rotate, the crank belt wheel 12-3 drives the crank shaft 12-1 to rotate, the crank shaft 12-1 drives the crank 12-2 to rotate, the crank 12-2 drives the crank connecting rod 13 to move, the crank connecting rod 13 drives the pushing plate 14 to move, when the two triangular clamping bodies 8 are clamped at the lower ends of the two W-shaped clamping bodies 1-1-3, the two freezing slide rails 7-3 and the two rectangular slide grooves 14-1 are at the same horizontal height, the pushing plate 14 slides on the two freezing slide rails 7-3 through the two rectangular slide grooves 14-1 to push liquid nitrogen and waste rubber on the freezing bottom plate 7-1 rightwards, when the pushing plate 14 pushes the liquid nitrogen and the waste rubber away from the freezing bottom plate 7-1, due to the limiting effect of the two freezing slide rails 7-3, the two triangular clamping bodies 8 cannot reset under the effect of the compression spring I, when the pushing plate 14 moves and resets, the compression spring I pushes the freezing bottom plate 7-1 to move and reset upwards; the grinding belt wheel 11-2 drives the transmission belt wheel 15-2 to rotate, the transmission belt wheel 15-2 drives the transmission shaft 15-1 to rotate, the transmission shaft 15-1 drives the transmission bevel gear 15-3 to rotate, the transmission bevel gear 15-3 drives the grinding bevel gear 16-2 to rotate, the grinding bevel gear 16-2 drives the grinding shaft 16-1 to rotate, the grinding shaft 16-1 drives the grinding conical wheel 16-3 to rotate, and the grinding conical wheel 16-3 crushes the frozen waste rubber and drops the waste rubber out through the rubber outlet 5-3.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides an abandonment rubber recycle device, includes complete machine support (1), PMKD (2), liquid nitrogen box (3), connecting plate (4), smashes support (5), smashes backup pad (6), freezing mechanism (7), triangle-shaped joint body (8), promotes connecting rod (9), shift fork (10), power unit (11), crank mechanism (12), crank connecting rod (13), catch plate (14), drive mechanism (15) and rubbing crusher construct (16), its characterized in that: the device is characterized in that the fixed bottom plate (2) is fixedly connected to the whole machine support (1), the liquid nitrogen box (3) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the whole machine support (1), the left end of the connecting plate (4) is fixedly connected to the whole machine support (1), the right end of the connecting plate (4) is fixedly communicated with the crushing support (5), the right end of the connecting plate (4) inclines downwards, the crushing support plate (6) is fixedly connected to the crushing support (5), the upper end of the freezing mechanism (7) is slidably connected to the whole machine support (1), the lower end of the freezing mechanism (7) is slidably connected to the fixed bottom plate (2), a compression spring I is arranged between the freezing mechanism (7) and the fixed bottom plate (2), two triangular clamping bodies (8) are symmetrically arranged in the front and back direction, the inner ends of the two triangular clamping bodies (8) are both slidably connected to the lower end of the freezing mechanism (7), and a compression spring II is arranged between the two triangular clamping, the outer ends of two triangular clamping bodies (8) are clamped on a whole machine bracket (1), the upper end of a pushing connecting rod (9) is hinged at the lower end of a freezing mechanism (7), the lower end of the pushing connecting rod (9) is hinged at the upper end of a shifting fork (10), the lower end of the pushing connecting rod (9) is inclined backwards, the lower end of the shifting fork (10) is rotatably connected on a power mechanism (11), the power mechanism (11) is fixedly connected on the whole machine bracket (1), a crank mechanism (12) is rotatably connected on the whole machine bracket (1), the power mechanism (11) and the crank mechanism (12) are connected through belt transmission, one end of a crank connecting rod (13) is hinged on the crank mechanism (12), the other end of the crank connecting rod (13) is hinged on a pushing plate (14), the pushing plate (14) is in clearance fit on the whole machine bracket (1), and a transmission mechanism (15) is rotatably connected on, the crushing mechanism (16) is rotationally connected to the crushing support plate (6), the transmission mechanism (15) is in transmission connection with the power mechanism (11) through a belt, and the crushing mechanism (16) is in meshing transmission with the transmission mechanism (15) through a gear;
the whole machine support (1) comprises side plates (1-1), an upper side plate (1-2) and rectangular grooves (1-3), wherein the side plates (1-1) comprise side plate bodies (1-1-1), vertical sliding grooves (1-1-2) and W-shaped clamping bodies (1-1-3), the side plate bodies (1-1-1), the vertical sliding grooves (1-1-2) and the W-shaped clamping bodies (1-1-3) are symmetrically arranged in front and at the back, the two vertical sliding grooves (1-1-2) are respectively arranged on the two side plate bodies (1-1-1), the two W-shaped clamping bodies (1-1-3) are respectively welded on the two side plate bodies (1-1-1), the two W-shaped clamping bodies (1-1-3) are respectively positioned at the lower ends of the two vertical sliding grooves (1-1-2), the two upper side plates (1-2) and the two rectangular grooves (1-3) are arranged in bilateral symmetry, the two rectangular grooves (1-3) are respectively arranged on the two upper side plates (1-2), the front and rear ends of the two upper side plates (1-2) are respectively fixedly connected to the two side plate bodies (1-1-1), and the front and rear ends of the fixed bottom plate (2) are respectively fixedly connected to the two side plate bodies (1-1-1);
the liquid nitrogen box (3) comprises a liquid nitrogen box body (3-1), interference plates (3-2) and communication grooves (3-3), the lower ends of the interference plates (3-2) are fixedly connected to the liquid nitrogen box body (3-1), the communication grooves (3-3) are formed in the interference plates (3-2), the front end and the rear end of the liquid nitrogen box body (3-1) are fixedly connected to the upper ends of the two side plate bodies (1-1-1) respectively, the left end of the connecting plate (4) is fixedly connected into the rectangular groove (1-3) located at the right end, and a plurality of circular through holes are formed in the lower end face of the connecting plate (4);
the crushing support (5) comprises a crushing barrel (5-1), a crushing lower support (5-2) and a rubber outlet (5-3), the crushing barrel (5-1) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the crushing lower support (5-2), the rubber outlet (5-3) is arranged at the lower end of the right side of the crushing barrel (5-1), the right end of the connecting plate (4) is fixedly communicated with the crushing barrel (5-1), the upper end face of the crushing support plate (6) is obliquely arranged, the right end of the crushing support plate (6) is downward inclined, and the crushing support plate (6) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the crushing barrel (5-1);
the freezing mechanism (7) comprises a freezing bottom plate (7-1), freezing side plates (7-2), freezing slide rails (7-3), a freezing upper plate (7-4), a liquid nitrogen pipe (7-5), a sliding column (7-6) and a clamping cylinder (7-7), wherein the freezing side plates (7-2) and the freezing slide rails (7-3) are symmetrically arranged in front and back, the two freezing slide rails (7-3) are respectively and fixedly connected with the inner sides of the two freezing side plates (7-2), the lower ends of the two freezing side plates (7-2) are respectively and fixedly connected with the front end and the back end of the freezing bottom plate (7-1), the front end and the back end of the freezing upper plate (7-4) are respectively and fixedly connected with the upper ends of the two freezing side plates (7-2), and the middle end of the liquid nitrogen pipe (7-5) is fixedly connected with the freezing upper plate (7-4), the upper end of a sliding column (7-6) is fixedly connected with the lower end of a freezing bottom plate (7-1), two clamping cylinders (7-7) are symmetrically arranged in front and back, the inner ends of the two clamping cylinders (7-7) are fixedly connected with the sliding column (7-6), the upper end of a liquid nitrogen pipe (7-5) is in interference fit with an interference plate (3-2), the sliding column (7-6) is slidably connected with a fixed bottom plate (2), a compression spring I is sleeved on the sliding column (7-6), the compression spring I is positioned between the fixed bottom plate (2) and the freezing bottom plate (7-1), two triangular clamping bodies (8) are symmetrically arranged in front and back, the inner ends of the two triangular clamping bodies (8) are respectively slidably connected with the outer ends of the two clamping cylinders (7-7), and compression springs II are fixedly connected between the two triangular clamping bodies (8) and the two clamping cylinders (7-7), the outer ends of the two triangular clamping bodies (8) are respectively clamped at the upper ends of the two W-shaped clamping bodies (1-1-3), and the upper end of the push connecting rod (9) is hinged at the lower end of the sliding column (7-6).
2. The waste rubber recycling device according to claim 1, wherein: the power mechanism (11) comprises a motor (11-1), a crushing belt wheel (11-2), a sliding side tooth (11-3), a connecting key (11-4), a power shaft (11-5), a power side tooth (11-6) and a power belt wheel (11-7), the motor (11-1) is a double-output-shaft motor, the crushing belt wheel (11-2) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the motor (11-1) at the front end, the sliding side tooth (11-3) is slidably connected to an output shaft of the motor (11-1) at the rear end through the connecting key (11-4), the front end of the power shaft (11-5) is rotatably connected to the output shaft of the motor (11-1) at the rear end, the power side tooth (11-6) and the power belt wheel (11-7) are respectively and fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the power shaft (11-5), the motor (11-1) is fixedly connected to the side plate body (1-1-1) positioned on the front side, the power shaft (11-5) is rotatably connected to the side plate body (1-1-1) positioned on the rear side, and the lower end of the shifting fork (10) is rotatably connected to the sliding side tooth (11-3).
3. The waste rubber recycling device according to claim 2, wherein: the crank mechanism (12) comprises a crank shaft (12-1), the crank (12-2) and the crank belt wheel (12-3), the crank (12-2) and the crank belt wheel (12-3) are respectively and fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the crank shaft (12-1), the crank shaft (12-1) is rotatably connected to a side plate body (1-1-1) located in the rear end, the crank belt wheel (12-3) and the power belt wheel (11-7) are connected through belt transmission, one end of a crank connecting rod (13) is hinged to the eccentric position of the crank (12-2), two rectangular sliding grooves (14-1) are symmetrically arranged in the front and rear of the push plate (14), the other end of the crank connecting rod (13) is hinged to the push plate (14), and the push plate (14) is in clearance fit in the rectangular groove (1-3) located on the left side.
4. The waste rubber recycling device according to claim 3, wherein: the transmission mechanism (15) comprises a transmission shaft (15-1), a transmission belt wheel (15-2) and transmission bevel teeth (15-3), the transmission belt wheel (15-2) is fixedly connected to the front end of the transmission shaft (15-1), the transmission bevel teeth (15-3) are fixedly connected to the middle end of the transmission shaft (15-1), two ends of the transmission shaft (15-1) are rotatably connected to the lower crushing support (5-2), and the transmission belt wheel (15-2) and the crushing belt wheel (11-2) are in transmission connection through a belt.
5. The waste rubber recycling device according to claim 4, wherein: the crushing mechanism (16) comprises a crushing shaft (16-1), crushing bevel teeth (16-2) and a crushing conical wheel (16-3), the crushing bevel teeth (16-2) are fixedly connected to the lower end of the crushing shaft (16-1), the crushing conical wheel (16-3) is fixedly connected to the middle end of the crushing shaft (16-1), the crushing shaft (16-1) is rotatably connected to the crushing support plate (6), and the crushing bevel teeth (16-2) are meshed with the transmission bevel teeth (15-3).
CN201810956261.9A 2018-08-21 2018-08-21 Waste rubber recycling device Active CN109159326B (en)

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CN202010753700.3A CN111844541B (en) 2018-08-21 2018-08-21 Waste rubber recycling device
CN202010754759.4A CN111873253B (en) 2018-08-21 2018-08-21 Working method of waste rubber recycling device

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CN109159326A (en) 2019-01-08
CN111844541A (en) 2020-10-30

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