CN110653241A - Garbage disposal is with smashing packing all-in-one - Google Patents

Garbage disposal is with smashing packing all-in-one Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110653241A
CN110653241A CN201910946125.6A CN201910946125A CN110653241A CN 110653241 A CN110653241 A CN 110653241A CN 201910946125 A CN201910946125 A CN 201910946125A CN 110653241 A CN110653241 A CN 110653241A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
crushing
conveying
mounting plate
rotating shaft
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201910946125.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201910946125.6A priority Critical patent/CN110653241A/en
Publication of CN110653241A publication Critical patent/CN110653241A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2241Feed means of conveyor belt type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3014Ejection means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal, which comprises a first mounting plate, wherein a crushing box is fixed on the first mounting plate, a second mounting plate is fixed on one side of the crushing box, a first servo motor is fixed on the second mounting plate, a first crushing roller is fixed on an output shaft of the first servo motor, the first crushing roller is in key connection with a first gear, the first gear is meshed with a second gear, the second gear is in key connection with the end part of the second crushing roller, teeth are arranged on outer cylindrical surfaces of the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller, a scattering mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the crushing box, a material conveying mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the crushing box, a third mounting plate is fixed on one side of the upper end of the crushing box, and a material pressing mechanism is arranged on the third mounting plate. The garbage can be automatically scattered, crushed, compacted and packaged in one device, the cost is low, and the working efficiency is high.

Description

Garbage disposal is with smashing packing all-in-one
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of garbage devices, and particularly relates to a crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage treatment.
Background
The garbage is solid waste generated in daily life and production of human beings, has large discharge amount, complex and various components, is polluting, resource-oriented and social, needs harmless, resource-oriented, quantitative-reduction and social treatment, and can pollute the environment, influence the environmental sanitation, waste resources, destroy the safety of production and life and destroy the social harmony if the garbage cannot be properly treated. The garbage disposal is to rapidly remove the garbage, perform harmless treatment and finally reasonably utilize the garbage. The garbage disposal methods widely used today are sanitary landfills, high temperature composting and incineration. The purpose of garbage treatment is harmlessness, resource utilization and reduction.
Before the refuse treatment, refuse classification is needed firstly, the refuse classification is concentrated, then different areas are conveyed according to different refuse for treatment, the separated refuse is often fluffy, the occupied space is large, the transportation is not facilitated, the transportation times are multiple, the working efficiency is low, the labor cost is high, the refuse is often firstly smashed on a smashing machine at present, then the smashed refuse is packed and compacted for transportation, but the smashing and the compaction are often operated on two independent devices, the working efficiency is low, the transfer times of the refuse are increased, the device investment is improved, the labor cost is high, meanwhile, in the process of throwing the refuse, the refuse is in a fluffy state, the refuse smashing effect is further reduced, and therefore, the smashing and packaging integrated machine for the refuse treatment is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage treatment, which aims to solve the problems that the prior art that before garbage treatment and transportation, garbage is usually crushed on a crusher firstly, and then the crushed garbage is packed and compacted for transportation, but the crushing and compaction are usually operated on two separate devices, so that the working efficiency is low, the number of times of garbage transportation is increased, the device investment is increased, and the labor cost is high.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal comprises a first mounting plate, wherein a crushing box is fixed at the upper end of the first mounting plate, a second mounting plate is fixed at one side of the outer end of the crushing box, a first servo motor is fixed at the upper end of the second mounting plate, a first crushing roller is fixed at the end part of an output shaft of the first servo motor through a coupler, a first gear is connected to one end of the first crushing roller in a key mode, a second gear is connected to one side of the first gear in a meshing transmission mode, the second gear is connected to one end part of the second crushing roller in a key mode, the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller are arranged inside the crushing box and are in rotating connection with a side wall, teeth are arranged on outer cylindrical surfaces of the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller, a scattering mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the crushing box, and a material conveying mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the crushing box, a third mounting plate is fixed on one side of the upper end of the crushing box, and a material pressing mechanism is arranged on the third mounting plate;
the conveying device is characterized by also comprising a third mounting plate, wherein a conveying cylinder is fixedly mounted on the third mounting plate, a conveying cylinder cavity is arranged in the conveying cylinder, and a rotating first conveying belt is arranged in the conveying cylinder cavity;
the conveying cylinder is further provided with an extrusion module, and the extrusion module extrudes the garbage on the first conveying belt.
Preferably, break up the mechanism and include first belt pulley, first belt pulley keyed joint is in the one end of first crushing roller, first belt pulley is connected with the second belt pulley through the conveyer belt transmission, the tip at first pivot is connected to the second belt pulley keyed joint.
Preferably, the both sides of first pivot are rotated and are connected on the support frame, the support frame is fixed on the top of breaing up the bucket, the upper end at crushing case is fixed to the breaing up bucket, the centre of first pivot is provided with the worm, one side meshing transmission of worm is connected with the worm wheel, worm wheel keyed joint is in the second pivot, the second pivot is located the inside center department of breaing up the bucket, the lower extreme tip of second pivot is rotated through the bearing and is connected with the backup pad, the backup pad welding is in the inside bottom of breaing up the bucket, be fixed with in the second pivot and break up the blade, it is located the inside of breaing up the bucket to break up the blade.
Preferably, one side of the top end of the scattering barrel is communicated with a feeding channel, and the upper end of the feeding channel is communicated with a conical feeding hopper;
preferably, a downwardly inclined sliding material plate is arranged below the feeding channel and fixed on the upper side of the inner part of the scattering barrel.
Preferably, defeated material mechanism includes first pneumatic cylinder, first pneumatic cylinder is fixed at the outside lower extreme of crushing case, the tailpiece of the piston rod portion of first pneumatic cylinder is fixed with the storage case, the storage case is located the inside bottom of crushing case, the bottom both sides of storage case all are fixed with the slider, the slider slides on the slide rail, the slide rail is fixed on first mounting panel, the outside of crushing case is outwards extended to the slide rail, the inside of storage case is provided with the storage bag.
Preferably, the end part of one end of the sliding rail, which is far away from the crushing box, is provided with a first limiting block, and the first limiting block is fixed on the first mounting plate.
Preferably, the material pressing mechanism comprises a second hydraulic cylinder, the second hydraulic cylinder is fixed at the upper end of the third mounting plate, a material pressing block is fixed at the end part of a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder through a connecting block, and the area of the material pressing block is smaller than that of an inner cavity of the material storage box;
preferably, anti-rotation pins are fixed on two sides of the upper end of the material pressing block, the upper ends of the anti-rotation pins penetrate through the third mounting plate, and second limiting blocks are fixed at the end parts of the upper ends of the anti-rotation pins and located above the third mounting plate;
preferably, hooks are fixed at four corners of the upper end of the material pressing block, and rib plates are fixed between the third mounting plate and the scattering barrel.
Preferably, the striker plate of downward sloping all is provided with above first crushing roller and the second crushing roller, the striker plate is fixed in the inside upper end of smashing the case, the outside of first servo motor, first gear, second gear, first belt pulley and second belt pulley is provided with the safety cover, the safety cover is fixed on the second mounting panel.
Preferably, the conveying cylinder is arranged in an inclined manner, the top of the conveying cylinder is provided with a discharge cylinder, the bottom of the conveying cylinder is provided with a feed inlet, two ends of a cavity of the conveying cylinder are respectively provided with a rotating third rotating shaft, the third rotating shafts are respectively provided with a fourth belt pulley, and the first conveying belt is tensioned between the two fourth belt pulleys;
a module inner cavity correspondingly communicated with the conveying cylinder cavity is formed in the extrusion module, a guide module is arranged in the module inner cavity, the guide module is in a trapezoidal arrangement, two fourth rotating shafts rotating on the guide module are arranged in the module inner cavity, extrusion roller shafts are respectively arranged on the fourth rotating shafts and rotate in an extrusion manner, a power module is arranged on the extrusion module, a second suit motor is arranged on the power module and drives one of the fourth rotating shafts to rotate, and a third gear correspondingly meshed and connected is respectively arranged on the two fourth rotating shafts;
the guide module is provided with two rotating fifth rotating shafts, the fifth rotating shafts are respectively provided with a third belt pulley, and a second conveying belt is arranged between the two belt pulleys;
the module is characterized in that a seventh rotating shaft is further arranged in the inner cavity of the module, a conveying wheel corresponding to the first conveying belt is arranged on the seventh rotating shaft, a shifting support is fully distributed on the conveying wheel, corresponding first chain wheels are respectively arranged on the seventh rotating shaft and the sixth rotating shaft, and the two first chain wheels are correspondingly connected through a first chain.
The invention has the technical effects and advantages that: compared with the prior art, the crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal provided by the invention has the following advantages:
1. according to the invention, the first belt pulley is driven to rotate by the first servo motor, the second belt pulley is driven to rotate by the first belt pulley through the conveyor belt, the worm is driven to rotate by the second belt pulley, the worm wheel is driven to rotate by the rotation of the worm, the second rotating shaft is driven to rotate by the worm wheel, and the scattering blade is driven to rotate in the scattering barrel by the second rotating shaft, so that garbage entering the scattering barrel is primarily scattered and smashed, the size of the garbage is reduced, then the garbage is smashed by the first smashing roller and the second smashing roller, the smashing quality is improved, the working strength of the smashing rollers is reduced, the size of the garbage is reduced, the garbage is prevented from being clamped between the first smashing roller and the second smashing roller, and the safety is improved;
2. according to the garbage bin, garbage is crushed by the crushing roller and falls into the storage bin right below the crushing bin, and then the storage bin is pushed out of the crushing bin along the sliding rail by the piston rod of the first hydraulic cylinder to be positioned right below the material pressing mechanism, so that subsequent material pressing and packaging are facilitated, material is automatically conveyed, and the working efficiency is improved;
3. according to the garbage crushing device, the piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder pushes the material pressing block to move downwards, then the material pressing block enters the material storage box right below the material storage block, garbage in a material storage bag in the material storage box is compacted, the upper end of the material storage bag is hung on the hook on the material pressing block, then the piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder moves upwards to drive the material pressing block to move upwards, the material pressing block pulls the material storage bag out of the material storage box through the hook, the compacted garbage is pulled out of the material storage box, the material storage box returns to the crushing box, the material storage bag is placed down, the garbage is automatically compacted, the garbage is separated from the material storage box, the transportation is facilitated, and the working efficiency is improved.
4. Can carry rubbish through the transport cylinder, can be in fluffy state at the in-process of carrying when rubbish, be provided with the extrusion module on the transport cylinder, can extrude rubbish through the extrusion module to carry out further transport, can extrude rubbish, thereby guarantee the crushing effect of rubbish at kibbling in-process.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the invention at A;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the invention at B;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an internal structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a structural view of the breaking mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a structural view of a material pressing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of the invention at C;
FIG. 9 is a power transmission diagram of the comminution structure of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the first and second mill rollers of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the overall construction of the delivery cartridge and extrusion module of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the extrusion module of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the overall configuration of the power module of the present invention;
fig. 14 is a top view of the overall structure of the extrusion module of the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1 a first mounting plate; 2 a second mounting plate; 3 a first servo motor; 4 a first crushing roller; 5 a first gear; 6 a second gear; 7 a second crushing roller; 8 teeth; 9 a breaking mechanism; 901 a first pulley; 902 a second pulley; 903 a first rotating shaft; 904 supporting the frame; 905 a worm; 906 a worm gear; 907 a second rotating shaft; 908 a support plate; 909 thrashing the barrel; 910 breaking up the blade; a 911 feed channel; 912, a conical feed hopper; 913 a sliding material plate; 10 a material conveying mechanism; 101 a first hydraulic cylinder; 102 a material storage box; 103 a slide block; 104 slide rails; 105 a storage bag; 106 a first stopper; 11 a third mounting plate; 12 a material pressing mechanism; 1201 a second hydraulic cylinder; 1202 connecting blocks; 1203 pressing a material block; 1204 anti-rotation pins; 1205 a second stop block; 1206 hook; 1207 ribs; 13 a crushing box; 14, a striker plate; 15 a protective cover; 16 a third mounting plate; 17 a delivery cylinder; 18 a discharge cartridge; 19 a feed inlet; 20 conveying a cylinder cavity; 21 a first conveyor belt; 22 an extrusion module; 23 a third rotating shaft; 24 a module cavity; 25 conveying the material wheel; 26 a guiding module; 27 a second conveyor belt; 28 a third pulley; 29 a power module; 30 extrusion roll shafts; 31 a second personal care motor; 32 a fourth rotating shaft; 33 a third gear; 34 a fifth rotating shaft; 35 a sixth rotating shaft; 36 a first sprocket; 37 a third private clothes motor; 38 a seventh shaft; 39 a first chain; 40, shifting the bracket; 41 fourth pulley.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and do not delimit the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention provides a crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage treatment as shown in figures 1-10, which comprises a first mounting plate 1, wherein a crushing box 13 is fixed at the upper end of the first mounting plate 1, a second mounting plate 2 is fixed at one side of the outer end of the crushing box 13, a first servo motor 3 is fixed at the upper end of the second mounting plate 2, a first crushing roller 4 is fixed at the end part of an output shaft of the first servo motor 3 through a coupler, a first gear 5 is connected to one end of the first crushing roller 4 in a key way, a second gear 6 is connected to one side of the first gear 5 in a meshing transmission way, the second gear 6 is connected to one end part of a second crushing roller 7 in a key way, the first crushing roller 4 and the second crushing roller 7 are both arranged in the crushing box 13 and are rotatably connected with the side wall, teeth 8 are arranged on the outer cylindrical surfaces of the first crushing roller 4 and the second crushing roller 7, a scattering mechanism 9 is arranged at the upper end of the crushing box 13, a material conveying mechanism 10 is arranged at the lower end of the crushing box 13, a third mounting plate 11 is fixed on one side of the upper end of the crushing box 13, and a material pressing mechanism 12 is arranged on the third mounting plate 11;
the conveying device is characterized by further comprising a third mounting plate 16, wherein a conveying cylinder 17 is fixedly mounted on the third mounting plate 16, a conveying cylinder cavity 20 is formed in the conveying cylinder 17, and a rotating first conveying belt 21 is arranged in the conveying cylinder cavity 20;
the conveying cylinder 17 is further provided with an extrusion module 22, and the extrusion module 22 extrudes the garbage on the first conveying belt 21.
Through the technical scheme, can carry out the transport of rubbish through the feed cylinder 17, utilize the rotation of first conveyor belt 21 further to carry rubbish, thereby the trouble that artifical input rubbish caused has been avoided, in-process that the rubbish was carried in utilizing feed cylinder 17, be provided with an extrusion module 22 on feed cylinder 17, can extrude rubbish when carrying rubbish, thereby further reduce the volume of rubbish, thereby the crushing effect of improvement later stage rubbish that can be further, the problem of the rubbish crushing inefficiency that leads to because of rubbish is bulky has been avoided.
Preferably, the scattering mechanism 9 comprises a first pulley 901, the first pulley 901 is keyed on one end of the first crushing roller 4, the first pulley 901 is connected with a second pulley 902 through a transmission belt, and the second pulley 902 is keyed on the end of the first rotating shaft 903.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, drive first pivot 903 rotatory under the transmission of first belt pulley 901 and second belt pulley 902 through first servo motor 3, design benefit, the energy saving, reduce cost.
Preferably, both sides of the first rotating shaft 903 are rotatably connected to a supporting frame 904, the supporting frame 904 is fixed at the top end of a scattering barrel 909, the scattering barrel 909 is fixed at the upper end of the crushing box 13, a worm 905 is arranged in the middle of the first rotating shaft 903, one side of the worm 905 is in meshing transmission connection with a worm wheel 906, the worm wheel 906 is in key connection with a second rotating shaft 907, the second rotating shaft 907 is located at the inner center of the scattering barrel 909, the lower end of the second rotating shaft 907 is rotatably connected with a supporting plate 908 through a bearing, the supporting plate 908 is welded at the inner bottom end of the scattering barrel 909, a scattering blade 910 is fixed on the second rotating shaft 907, and the scattering blade 910 is located inside the scattering barrel 909.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the realization is broken up the rubbish of bucket 909 inside to getting into and is tentatively broken up, smashes, then smashes roller 7 through first crushing roller 4 and second, improves crushing quality, alleviates the working strength who smashes the roller, makes the volume of rubbish diminish simultaneously, avoids rubbish card between first crushing roller 4 and second crushing roller 7, improves the security.
Preferably, a feeding channel 911 is communicated with one side of the top end of the scattering barrel 909, and the upper end of the feeding channel 911 is communicated with a conical feeding hopper 912;
a downwardly inclined slip sheet 913 is provided under the feed passage 911, and the slip sheet 913 is fixed to an inner upper side of the scattering barrel 909.
By adopting the technical scheme, the garbage can be conveniently placed into the scattering barrel 909, the work is convenient, and the work efficiency is improved;
the garbage falling into the scattering barrel 909 through the feeding channel 911 slides to the center of the scattering barrel 909 along the sliding plate 913, so that the garbage can be uniformly scattered, the garbage can be scattered uniformly, and the scattering quality of the garbage can be improved.
Preferably, the material conveying mechanism 10 includes a first hydraulic cylinder 101, the first hydraulic cylinder 101 is fixed at the outer lower end of the crushing box 13, a material storage box 102 is fixed at the end of a piston rod of the first hydraulic cylinder 101, the material storage box 102 is located at the inner bottom end of the crushing box 13, sliders 103 are fixed at both sides of the bottom end of the material storage box 102, the sliders 103 slide on slide rails 104, the slide rails 104 are fixed on the first mounting plate 1, the slide rails 104 extend outwards to the outer portion of the crushing box 13, and a material storage bag 105 is arranged inside the material storage box 102.
By adopting the technical scheme, the piston rod of the first hydraulic cylinder 101 pushes the material storage box 102 out of the crushing box 13 along the slide rail 104, so that the material storage box is positioned under the material pressing mechanism 12, the subsequent material pressing and packaging of garbage are facilitated, the material is automatically conveyed, and the working efficiency is improved.
Preferably, a first limit block 106 is disposed at an end of the slide rail 104 far away from the crushing box 13, and the first limit block 106 is fixed on the first mounting plate 1.
By adopting the above technical scheme, the first limiting block 106 plays a role of limiting the storage box 102, so that the storage box 102 stops moving after contacting with the first limiting block 106 when sliding outwards, and at this time, the storage box 102 is located right below the material pressing block 1203, so that the material pressing block 1203 can be pressed into the storage box 102 conveniently.
Preferably, the material pressing mechanism 12 comprises a second hydraulic cylinder 1201, the second hydraulic cylinder 1201 is fixed at the upper end of the third mounting plate 11, a material pressing block 1203 is fixed at the end of the piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder 1201 through a connecting block 1202, and the area of the material pressing block 1203 is smaller than the inner cavity of the material storage tank 102;
anti-rotation pins 1204 are fixed on two sides of the upper end of the pressing block 1203, the upper ends of the anti-rotation pins 1204 penetrate through the third mounting plate 11, a second limiting block 1205 is fixed on the upper end portion of the anti-rotation pins 1204, and the second limiting block 1205 is located above the third mounting plate 11;
hooks 1206 are fixed at four corners of the upper end of the material pressing block 1203, and rib plates 1207 are fixed between the third mounting plate 11 and the scattering barrel 909.
By adopting the technical scheme, the piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder 1201 pushes the material pressing block 1203 to enter the material storage tank 102, so that the garbage in the material pressing block is compacted and automatically compacted, the working efficiency is high, and the compacting effect is good;
by adopting the technical scheme, the arrangement of the anti-rotation pin 1204 prevents the material pressing block 1203 from rotating in the up-and-down moving process, so that the limiting effect is achieved;
through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, pull out storage case 102 storage bag 105 through couple 1206, and then pull out the compaction rubbish from storage case 102, utilize the rising of pressing material piece 1203 to realize taking out the compaction rubbish from storage case 102 is automatic, conveniently get the material, improve work efficiency, the setting up of floor 1207 strengthens the third mounting panel 11 and breaks up the fastness between the bucket 909, improves the stability of device.
Preferably, a striker plate 14 inclined downwards is arranged above each of the first crushing roller 4 and the second crushing roller 7, the striker plate 14 is fixed at the inner upper end of the crushing box 13, a protective cover 15 is arranged on the outer sides of the first servo motor 3, the first gear 5, the second gear 6, the first belt pulley 901 and the second belt pulley 902, and the protective cover 15 is fixed on the second mounting plate 2.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, setting up of striker plate 14 makes the rubbish that falls from breaking up bucket 909 slide into the intermediate position of first crushing roller 4 and second crushing roller 7 along striker plate 14, is convenient for to the crushing of rubbish, and setting up of safety cover 15 prevents that external foreign matter from contacting with first servo motor 3, first gear 5, second gear 6, first belt pulley 901 and second belt pulley 902, plays the isolation guard effect.
It should be noted that the specific model specifications of the first servo motor 3, the first hydraulic cylinder 101, and the second hydraulic cylinder 1201 need to be determined by type selection according to the actual specification of the device, and the specific type selection calculation method adopts the prior art, so detailed description is omitted.
The power supply of the first servomotor 3, the first hydraulic cylinder 101 and the second hydraulic cylinder 1201 and the principle thereof will be apparent to those skilled in the art and will not be described in detail herein.
The conveying cylinder 17 is arranged in an inclined manner, the top of the conveying cylinder 17 is provided with a discharge cylinder 18, the bottom of the conveying cylinder 17 is provided with a feed inlet 19, two ends of a conveying cylinder cavity 20 are respectively provided with a rotating third rotating shaft 23, the third rotating shaft 23 is respectively provided with a fourth belt pulley 41, and a first conveying belt 21 is tensioned between the two fourth belt pulleys 41.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, can throw in rubbish through feed inlet 19, the rotation through the motor drives the rotation of third pivot 23 to further rotation that drives fourth belt pulley 41, thereby further rotation of driving first conveyor belt 21, thereby further carry rubbish, can discharge rubbish into toper feeder hopper 912 through a discharge tube 18 simultaneously, thereby smash rubbish.
A module inner cavity 24 correspondingly communicated with the conveying cylinder cavity 20 is formed in the extrusion module 22, a guide module 26 is arranged in the module inner cavity 24, the guide module 26 is in a trapezoid shape, two fourth rotating shafts 32 rotating on the guide module 26 are arranged in the module inner cavity 24, an extrusion roller shaft 30 is respectively arranged on each fourth rotating shaft 32, the two extrusion roller shafts 30 rotate in an extrusion mode, a power module 29 is arranged on the extrusion module 22, a second suit-private motor 31 is arranged on the power module 29, the second suit-private motor 31 drives one of the fourth rotating shafts 32 to rotate, and third gears 33 correspondingly meshed and connected are respectively arranged on the two fourth rotating shafts 32;
two rotating fifth rotating shafts 34 are arranged on the guide module 26, a third belt pulley 28 is respectively arranged on the fifth rotating shafts 34, and a second conveying belt 27 is arranged between the two third belt pulleys 28;
a rotating seventh rotating shaft 38 is further arranged in the module inner cavity 24, a conveying material wheel 25 corresponding to the first conveying belt 21 is arranged on the seventh rotating shaft 38, a shifting support 40 is fully distributed on the conveying material wheel 25, a corresponding first chain wheel 36 is respectively arranged on the seventh rotating shaft 38 and the sixth rotating shaft 35, and the two first chain wheels 36 are correspondingly connected through a first chain 39.
Through the technical scheme, after rubbish is carried in the transport cylinder chamber 20, because guide module 26 is trapezoidal setting, be provided with pivoted second conveyor belt on guide module 26, thereby can be further carry rubbish through second conveyor belt, be provided with two corresponding tight pivoted extrusion roller 30 that press from both sides on guide module 26, thereby can be further extrude rubbish through the rotation of extrusion roller 30, thereby avoided rubbish to be in fluffy state, carry out preliminary compression to rubbish, thereby avoid the problem of the inefficiency that rubbish leads to at kibbling in-process.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, a storage bag 105 is unfolded and placed into a storage box 102, the upper end of the storage bag 105 is adhered to the upper end face of the storage box 102 by glue, then a piston rod of a first hydraulic cylinder 101 retracts backwards, and further the storage box 102 is driven to retract backwards into a crushing box 13 along a slide rail 104;
then, the first servo motor 3 is started, the first servo motor 3 drives the first belt pulley 901 to rotate, the first belt pulley 901 drives the second belt pulley 902 to rotate through the conveyor belt, the second belt pulley 902 drives the first rotating shaft 903 to rotate, the first rotating shaft 903 drives the worm 905 to rotate, the worm 905 rotates to drive the worm wheel 906 to rotate, the worm wheel 906 drives the second rotating shaft 907 to rotate, and the second rotating shaft 907 drives the scattering blade 910 to rotate in the scattering barrel 909;
then, the garbage is poured into the conical feed hopper 912, enters the interior of the scattering barrel 909 along the feed channel 911, slides along the material sliding plate 913 to scatter the garbage at the center of the scattering barrel 909, falls into the lower end of the scattering barrel 909, and is scattered, reduced in volume and scattered by the scattering blade 910;
the rotation of the first servo motor 3 simultaneously drives the first crushing roller 4 to rotate, so that the first crushing roller 4 drives the first gear 5 to rotate, the first gear 5 drives the second gear 6 meshed with the first gear to rotate reversely, and the second gear 6 drives the second crushing roller 7 to rotate, the first crushing roller 4 and the second crushing roller 7 rotate in the crushing box 13, and the rotation directions are opposite and simultaneously rotate inwards, so that the garbage falling from the scattering barrel 909 is crushed;
the crushed garbage falls into a storage bag 105 in a storage box 102 below, the first servo motor 3 stops working after the garbage in the storage bag 105 is full, the storage box 102 is pushed out of the crushing box 13 along a slide rail 104 by a piston rod of a first hydraulic cylinder 101 until the front end of the crushing box 13 is contacted with a first limiting block 106, and then the first hydraulic cylinder 101 stops working;
then, the piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder 1201 pushes the material pressing block 1203 to move downwards, then the material pressing block 1203 enters the storage box 102 right below, further garbage in the storage bag 105 in the storage box 102 is compacted, the material pressing block 1203 moves to the lowest end to compact the garbage, then the upper end of the storage bag 105 is hung on a hook 1206 on the material pressing block 1203, then the piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder 1201 moves upwards to drive the material pressing block 1203 to move upwards, further the material pressing block 1203 pulls the storage bag 105 out of the storage box 102 through the hook 1206, and further the compacted garbage is pulled out of the storage box 102;
then, another material storage bag 105 is unfolded and placed into the material storage box 102, the upper end of the material storage bag 105 is adhered to the upper end face of the material storage box 102 through glue, the material storage box 102 returns to the inside of the crushing box 13 under the action of the first hydraulic cylinder 101, then the material storage bag 105 is placed down through the second hydraulic cylinder 1201, and the whole process is finished;
when garbage is fed, the conveying cylinder 17 can be used for further conveying the garbage to the conical feed hopper 912 so as to crush the garbage, the extrusion module 22 is arranged on the conveying cylinder 17, and when the garbage is conveyed through the conveying cylinder 17, the extrusion module 22 can be used for further extruding the garbage and then conveying the garbage into the conical feed hopper 912 so as to achieve the efficiency of further crushing the garbage;
a rotating first conveying belt 21 is arranged in the conveying cylinder 17, so that the garbage can be further conveyed by the rotation of the first conveying belt 21, the garbage is thrown in through the feeding hole 19, and the extruded garbage is discharged through the discharging cylinder 18;
a pressing module 22 is arranged on the delivery cylinder 17, a guide module 26 is arranged in the pressing module 22, after the refuse is transported to the location of the guide module 26, the refuse can be guided by the guide module 26, on the guide module 26, a second conveyor belt is arranged, which rotates, so that the waste can be further conveyed by means of the second conveyor belt 27, the guide module 26 is also provided with a rotary extrusion roller shaft 30, so that the garbage can be further piled and extruded through the extrusion roller shaft 30, the volume of the garbage is reduced, the crushing efficiency of the garbage can be further improved, a rotary material conveying wheel 25 is arranged in the module inner cavity 24, the garbage on the first conveying belt 21 can be further distributed to the second conveying belt 27 through the rotation of the material conveying wheel 25, thereby compressing the garbage, and further compressing the garbage by the rotation of the two compressing roller shafts 30.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a refuse treatment is with smashing packing all-in-one, includes first mounting panel (1), its characterized in that: the upper end of the first mounting plate (1) is fixed with a crushing box (13), one side of the outer end of the crushing box (13) is fixed with a second mounting plate (2), the upper end of the second mounting plate (2) is fixed with a first servo motor (3), the end part of an output shaft of the first servo motor (3) is fixed with a first crushing roller (4) through a shaft coupling, one end key of the first crushing roller (4) is connected with a first gear (5), one side of the first gear (5) is connected with a second gear (6) in a meshing transmission manner, the second gear (6) is connected with one end part of a second crushing roller (7) in a key manner, the first crushing roller (4) and the second crushing roller (7) are both arranged in the crushing box (13) and are rotatably connected with the side wall, and outer cylindrical surfaces of the first crushing roller (4) and the second crushing roller (7) are both provided with teeth (8), a scattering mechanism (9) is arranged at the upper end of the crushing box (13), a material conveying mechanism (10) is arranged at the lower end of the crushing box (13), a third mounting plate (11) is fixed on one side of the upper end of the crushing box (13), and a material pressing mechanism (12) is arranged on the third mounting plate (11);
the conveying device is characterized by further comprising a third mounting plate (16), wherein a conveying cylinder (17) is fixedly mounted on the third mounting plate (16), a conveying cylinder cavity (20) is formed in the conveying cylinder (17), and a rotating first conveying belt (21) is arranged in the conveying cylinder cavity (20);
the conveying drum (17) is further provided with an extrusion module (22), and the extrusion module (22) extrudes the garbage on the first conveying belt (21).
2. The crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal according to claim 1, wherein: the scattering mechanism (9) comprises a first belt pulley (901), the first belt pulley (901) is connected to one end of the first crushing roller (4) in a key mode, the first belt pulley (901) is connected with a second belt pulley (902) through a conveying belt in a transmission mode, and the second belt pulley (902) is connected to the end portion of the first rotating shaft (903) in a key mode.
3. The crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal according to claim 2, wherein: the two sides of the first rotating shaft (903) are rotatably connected to the supporting frame (904), the supporting frame (904) is fixed to the top end of the scattering barrel (909), the scattering barrel (909) is fixed to the upper end of the crushing box (13), a worm (905) is arranged in the middle of the first rotating shaft (903), one side of the worm (905) is connected with a worm wheel (906) in a meshing transmission mode, the worm wheel (906) is connected to a second rotating shaft (907) in a key mode, the second rotating shaft (907) is located in the center of the inner portion of the scattering barrel (909), the lower end portion of the second rotating shaft (907) is rotatably connected with a supporting plate (908) through a bearing, the supporting plate (908) is welded to the bottom end of the inner portion of the scattering barrel (909), a scattering blade (910) is fixed to the second rotating shaft (907), and the scattering blade (910) is located in the inner portion of the scattering barrel (909).
4. The crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal according to claim 2, wherein: one side of the top end of the scattering barrel (909) is communicated with a feeding channel (911), and the upper end of the feeding channel (911) is communicated with a conical feeding hopper (912);
a downward inclined sliding material plate (913) is arranged below the feeding channel (911), and the sliding material plate (913) is fixed on the upper side of the inner part of the scattering barrel (909).
5. The crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal according to claim 1, wherein: the material conveying mechanism (10) comprises a first hydraulic cylinder (101), the first hydraulic cylinder (101) is fixed at the lower end of the outer side of the crushing box (13), a material storage box (102) is fixed at the end part of a piston rod of the first hydraulic cylinder (101), the material storage box (102) is located at the bottom end of the inner part of the crushing box (13), sliding blocks (103) are fixed on two sides of the bottom end of the material storage box (102), the sliding blocks (103) slide on sliding rails (104), the sliding rails (104) are fixed on a first mounting plate (1), the sliding rails (104) extend outwards to the outer part of the crushing box (13), and a material storage bag (105) is arranged inside the material storage box (102);
one end part of the sliding rail (104) far away from the crushing box (13) is provided with a first limiting block (106), and the first limiting block (106) is fixed on the first mounting plate (1).
6. The garbage disposal crushing and packaging all-in-one machine according to claim 5, wherein: the material pressing mechanism (12) comprises a second hydraulic cylinder (1201), the second hydraulic cylinder (1201) is fixed to the upper end of the third mounting plate (11), a material pressing block (1203) is fixed to the end portion of a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder (1201) through a connecting block (1202), and the area of the material pressing block (1203) is smaller than that of an inner cavity of the material storage box (102);
anti-rotation pins (1204) are fixed on two sides of the upper end of the pressing block (1203), the upper ends of the anti-rotation pins (1204) penetrate through the third mounting plate (11), second limiting blocks (1205) are fixed on the upper end portions of the anti-rotation pins (1204), and the second limiting blocks (1205) are located above the third mounting plate (11);
hooks (1206) are fixed at four corners of the upper end of the material pressing block (1203), and rib plates (1207) are fixed between the third mounting plate (11) and the scattering barrel (909).
7. The crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal according to claim 2, wherein: the top of first crushing roller (4) and second crushing roller (7) all is provided with striker plate (14) of downward sloping, striker plate (14) are fixed in the inside upper end of smashing case (13), the outside of first servo motor (3), first gear (5), second gear (6), first belt pulley (901) and second belt pulley (902) is provided with safety cover (15), safety cover (15) are fixed on second mounting panel (2).
8. The crushing and packaging integrated machine for garbage disposal according to claim 1, wherein: the conveying cylinder (17) is arranged in an inclined manner, the top of the conveying cylinder (17) is provided with a discharge cylinder (18), the bottom of the conveying cylinder (17) is provided with a feed inlet (19), two ends of the conveying cylinder cavity (20) are respectively provided with a rotary third rotating shaft (23), the third rotating shafts (23) are respectively provided with a fourth belt pulley (41), and the first conveying belt (21) is tensioned between the two fourth belt pulleys (41);
a module inner cavity 24 which is correspondingly communicated with the conveying cylinder cavity (20) is arranged in the extrusion module (22), a guide module (26) is arranged in the module inner cavity 24), the guide module (26) is in a trapezoidal arrangement, two fourth rotating shafts (32) which rotate on the guide module (26) are arranged in the module inner cavity (24), the fourth rotating shaft (32) is respectively provided with an extrusion roll shaft (30), the two extrusion roll shafts (30) rotate in an extrusion way, the extrusion module (22) is provided with a power module (29), the power module (29) is provided with a second private clothes motor (31), the second clothes motor (1) drives one of the fourth rotating shafts (32) to rotate, and the two fourth rotating shafts (32) are respectively provided with a third gear (33) which is correspondingly meshed and connected;
two rotating fifth rotating shafts (34) are arranged on the guide module (26), a third belt pulley (28) is respectively arranged on the fifth rotating shafts (34), and a second conveying belt (27) is arranged between the two third belt pulleys (28);
the conveying device is characterized in that a rotating seventh rotating shaft (38) is further arranged in the module inner cavity (24), a conveying material wheel (25) corresponding to the first conveying belt (21) is arranged on the seventh rotating shaft (38), a shifting support (40) is fully distributed on the conveying material wheel (25), corresponding first chain wheels (36) are respectively arranged on the seventh rotating shaft (38) and the sixth rotating shaft (35), and the two first chain wheels (36) are correspondingly connected through a first chain (39).
CN201910946125.6A 2019-10-02 2019-10-02 Garbage disposal is with smashing packing all-in-one Withdrawn CN110653241A (en)

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CN201910946125.6A CN110653241A (en) 2019-10-02 2019-10-02 Garbage disposal is with smashing packing all-in-one

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910946125.6A CN110653241A (en) 2019-10-02 2019-10-02 Garbage disposal is with smashing packing all-in-one

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111573665A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-08-25 安徽鑫泰钻石有限公司 Synthetic material purification process of artificial diamond
CN111776554A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-10-16 上海蓝界保洁服务有限公司 Household garbage storage device
CN112389009A (en) * 2020-11-08 2021-02-23 林能 Compactor for recycling residual materials of hardware plates
CN112474751A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-03-12 西安圆方环境卫生检测技术有限公司 Microbial solid waste automatic treatment device
CN112570124A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-03-30 德清汇成木业有限公司 Waste material processing apparatus is used in woodwork processing with compression function
CN113275073A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-08-20 黄赣华 Municipal solid waste crushing, extruding and recycling equipment
CN113333432A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-09-03 徐景俊 Garbage disposal system for garbage power generation engineering
CN113477314A (en) * 2021-07-05 2021-10-08 江苏经贸职业技术学院 Commodity circulation waste paper recovery unit
CN115178568A (en) * 2022-06-27 2022-10-14 何娟弟 Automatic garbage pretreatment device for environmental protection engineering and use method thereof

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111776554A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-10-16 上海蓝界保洁服务有限公司 Household garbage storage device
CN111573665A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-08-25 安徽鑫泰钻石有限公司 Synthetic material purification process of artificial diamond
CN112389009B (en) * 2020-11-08 2022-11-04 林能 Compactor for recycling residual materials of hardware plates
CN112389009A (en) * 2020-11-08 2021-02-23 林能 Compactor for recycling residual materials of hardware plates
CN112570124A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-03-30 德清汇成木业有限公司 Waste material processing apparatus is used in woodwork processing with compression function
CN112474751A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-03-12 西安圆方环境卫生检测技术有限公司 Microbial solid waste automatic treatment device
CN112474751B (en) * 2020-12-16 2022-02-22 西安圆方环境卫生检测技术有限公司 Microbial solid waste automatic treatment device
CN113275073A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-08-20 黄赣华 Municipal solid waste crushing, extruding and recycling equipment
CN113275073B (en) * 2021-01-22 2023-08-29 深圳市博林环保工程有限公司 Municipal administration is with solid waste crushing extrusion recovery plant
CN113333432A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-09-03 徐景俊 Garbage disposal system for garbage power generation engineering
CN113477314A (en) * 2021-07-05 2021-10-08 江苏经贸职业技术学院 Commodity circulation waste paper recovery unit
CN115178568A (en) * 2022-06-27 2022-10-14 何娟弟 Automatic garbage pretreatment device for environmental protection engineering and use method thereof
CN115178568B (en) * 2022-06-27 2023-08-29 中山市绿态环境资源有限公司 Automatic garbage pretreatment device for environmental engineering and use method thereof

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