CN109057437B - Double-layer parking method - Google Patents

Double-layer parking method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109057437B
CN109057437B CN201811140023.7A CN201811140023A CN109057437B CN 109057437 B CN109057437 B CN 109057437B CN 201811140023 A CN201811140023 A CN 201811140023A CN 109057437 B CN109057437 B CN 109057437B
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China
Prior art keywords
parking
plate
automobile
support
bearing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201811140023.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109057437A (en
Inventor
冉海涵
黄伟武
孙政
胡建芬
向秀银
姚冶
张爽
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Yangtze Normal University
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Yangtze Normal University
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Priority to CN201811140023.7A priority Critical patent/CN109057437B/en
Publication of CN109057437A publication Critical patent/CN109057437A/en
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Publication of CN109057437B publication Critical patent/CN109057437B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/06Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars with means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a double-layer parking method, wherein a rectangular automobile parking plate is horizontally arranged above a lower parking space to form an upper parking space, the automobile parking plate is horizontally and forwards lowered to the ground by adopting a device and then rotated by 90 degrees so that an automobile can drive into the automobile parking plate, and the automobile can drive into the lower parking space to finish parking or the automobile parking plate is rotated and upwards pulled by the device to reset so as to realize parking of the upper automobile. Therefore, the method can avoid the artificial reversing process, and realize automatic turning and reversing by the action of the automobile parking plate when the automobile directly drives along a road straight line to reach a certain position. Therefore, manual operation can be omitted, and the use is convenient and safer.

Description

Double-layer parking method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of parking devices, in particular to a double-layer parking method.
Background
With the increase of automobile holding amount by people in China, the problem of difficult urban parking is increasingly highlighted. Uploading a set of data according to the second city static traffic forum (2018): the number of drivers in China exceeds 3.85 hundred million, 80 ten thousand parking lots are arranged in the country, 3000 ten thousand off-road parking lots and 300 ten thousand in-road parking lots. 5000 ten thousand parking space gaps exist in the future of China, the average ratio of cars to parking spaces in large cities is about 1: 0.8, and the average ratio of cars to parking spaces in small cities is about 1: 0.5, which is far lower than that in developed countries 1: 1.3.
In order to solve the problem of difficult parking, the united states began to invest and develop a three-dimensional parking device in the last century, and the problem of insufficient ground parking space was solved. The existing three-dimensional parking device is mainly used for large parking lots, a roadway stacking type three-dimensional garage and a lifting and transverse moving type three-dimensional garage are used in a mature mode, and the two garages are all capable of achieving full utilization of space by arranging a lifting access device and a plurality of parking spaces in a centralized mode in the space. The prior art of the small double-layer three-dimensional parking device used for the adjacent parking lot on the street side in the road is less in disclosure, and the existing disclosed double-layer parking device needs to complete a backing process of a vehicle when parking and taking the vehicle, pour the vehicle into a parking device, and then lift the device to realize upper-layer parking. For a driver, the process of pouring and running out is complex to operate, the driver is required to accurately pour the small double-layer parking device into the parking device, the operation difficulty is high, multiple attempts are often required, the time is consumed, and the use is inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: how to provide a convenient to use, can remove the process of backing a car during the use, it is safer, can avoid the double-deck parking method of the incident of backing a car.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme.
A double-layer parking method is characterized in that a rectangular automobile parking plate is horizontally arranged above a parking space below to form an upper parking space, the automobile parking plate is horizontally placed forwards to the ground by adopting a device and then rotated by 90 degrees to drive an automobile into the automobile parking plate, and the automobile is driven into the lower parking space to finish parking or the automobile parking plate is rotated upwards to be pulled and reset by the device to realize parking of the upper automobile.
Therefore, the method can avoid the artificial reversing process, and realize automatic turning and reversing by the action of the automobile parking plate when the automobile directly drives along a road straight line to reach a certain position. Therefore, manual operation can be omitted, and the use is convenient and safer.
Preferably, the method is implemented by the following devices, including: the parking device comprises a vertically arranged bearing support, wherein the bearing support comprises a left side support and a right side support which are symmetrically arranged at intervals, the lower sides of the left side support and the right side support form a ground connection side, the front side of the bearing support is communicated, and a parking stall is formed in the bearing support; still include the loading board, the loading board sets up along bearing support fore-and-aft direction level, the loading board passes through the lifting device that slides that bearing support the place ahead set up and drives and can slide by bearing support the level directly over and transfer to the subaerial in bearing support dead ahead, be provided with rotatory parking equipment on the loading board, be provided with the car parking board on the rotatory parking equipment, the car parking board drives through the rotary driving mechanism who sets up between loading board and car parking board, when the loading board is located bearing support the place ahead subaerial, rotary driving mechanism can drive the car parking board and rotate 90 degrees at least and realize perpendicular or parallel with bearing support fore-and-aft direction.
Like this, during the use, transfer rotatory parking equipment to the subaerial just ahead of bearing support, then rotatory car parking board to perpendicular with the parking stall, the driver can directly open the car parking board along road direction with the vehicle, then rotatory car parking board to fore-and-aft direction again, personnel select upper parking stall or lower floor's parking stall, if choose lower floor's parking stall then directly to drive into, if select the upper strata to become this and get off, the through elevating gear that slides realizes that the car rises to the parking stall on upper strata. Therefore, when the device is used, the backing process can be completely removed, the space above the parking place is utilized, the backing operation process of a driver is removed, and the device is practical and convenient. When the rotary parking device is lowered to the lowest end, the rotary parking device can be completely lowered to the ground and can be supported by the sliding lifting device to be a certain height away from the ground, and the height is generally small, so that the automobile cannot be hindered from driving in.
Preferably, the sliding lifting device comprises two sliding rails, the two sliding rails are arranged in bilateral symmetry right in front of the parking space, the spacing distance between the two sliding rails is greater than or equal to the width of the parking space, and each sliding rail comprises a climbing section which is arranged obliquely backwards and upwards and a horizontal section which is arranged above the parking space in the same vertical plane; the sliding block is arranged below the rear side of the bearing plate above the sliding rail and matched with the sliding rail, and the connecting end is arranged below the front side of the bearing plate; the parking device is characterized by further comprising a driving device, wherein the moving end of the driving device is connected with the connecting end to drive the bearing plate to lift and slide between the ground in front of the parking space and the position right above the parking space.
Therefore, the slide rail is convenient to control the motion trail, the motion end of the driving device is a combined motion of vertical motion and horizontal motion, the driving device can realize the horizontal motion through a moving trolley, the vertical motion is realized through the telescopic device, and the telescopic device can be a hydraulic oil cylinder arranged on the trolley, a telescopic rod piece or a mechanism capable of realizing the telescopic function, such as a vertically arranged lead screw nut pair and the like.
Preferably, the driving device comprises a first supporting rod and a second supporting rod which are parallel to or overlapped with a vertical plane where the sliding rail is located; the lower end of the first supporting rod is hinged to a hinged support arranged on the lower end of the climbing section forwards through a hinged shaft arranged horizontally, the first supporting rod is hinged to a first telescopic rod arranged on the same side face of the climbing section forwards through a horizontal hinged shaft, the upper end of the first supporting rod is hinged to a second supporting rod, the second supporting rod is arranged on one side, close to the slide rail, of the first supporting rod, the connecting end is the hinged support arranged below the front side of the bearing plate downwards, the connecting end is hinged to the upper end of the second supporting rod through the horizontal hinged shaft, the second telescopic rod is hinged between the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod through the horizontal hinged shaft, and the connecting lines of the corresponding points of the hinged shafts of the first supporting rod, the second supporting rod and the second telescopic rod form a triangle.
Therefore, the arrangement mode can not occupy the space in front of the parking space and on the left side and the right side, and the parking space is simple and convenient to arrange. The first telescopic rod piece and the second rope rod piece realize control over the motion trail of the motion end through oil circuit linkage control, and the motion trail of the motion end and the extension trail of the sliding rail form an equidistant line, namely the motion trail is communicated with the extension trail but is spatially staggered to realize horizontal lifting of the bearing plate, so that safety of parking and passing is ensured.
Preferably, the locking device further comprises a locking structure, wherein the locking structure comprises a vertical positioning hole formed in the rear side of the bearing plate and a bolt which is connected to the rear of the horizontal section of the sliding rail, is matched with the positioning hole and can be vertically inserted into the positioning hole in a telescopic manner.
Therefore, locking is realized during parking, and the parking device is safer.
Preferably, the rotary parking device comprises an automobile parking plate horizontally arranged above the bearing plate, a rotary supporting structure is arranged between the automobile parking plate and the bearing plate to realize supporting, and the rotary parking device also comprises a rotary driving mechanism arranged between the automobile parking plate and the bearing plate, and the rotary driving mechanism can drive the automobile parking plate to rotate forwards and backwards to realize superposition or perpendicularity with the bearing plate.
Like this, provide the constitution of rotatory parking equipment, the loading board is as the installation basis, and rotation support structure and rotation driving device independently set up, easy to assemble.
Preferably, the rotary driving mechanism comprises a driving motor arranged on the bearing plate, and an output shaft of the driving motor is in driving connection with a small belt wheel which is horizontally arranged; the automobile parking device is characterized by further comprising a large belt wheel horizontally arranged below the middle part of the automobile parking plate in the length direction, the large belt wheel is fixedly connected with the automobile parking plate, and a connecting belt is arranged between the large belt wheel and the small belt wheel.
Like this, belt transmission width size is less, is applicable to narrow and small space, and transmission efficiency is higher, also is suitable for work under the adverse circumstances.
Preferably, the rotary supporting structure comprises a circular guide rail arranged on the bottom surface of the automobile mounting plate in a downward mode, the axis of the circular guide rail is overlapped with the rotation axis of the automobile parking plate, the rotary supporting structure further comprises a supporting assembly vertically and upwards arranged on the bearing plate, and the upper end of the supporting assembly forms a supporting sliding end which is matched with the circular slide rail.
Like this, supporting component can be vertical pipe commentaries on classics structure, and motor and big or small belt pulley all set up inside it this moment, and its upper end and circular guide rail contact friction realize the rotation support.
Preferably, the supporting assembly comprises a sunken mounting groove with the upper end vertically arranged, a steel ball capable of rotating freely is arranged in the mounting groove, part of the steel ball protrudes out of the mounting groove, and the protruding part is embedded into a circular guide rail arranged on the bottom surface of the automobile mounting plate downwards.
Thus, the sliding friction is converted into rolling friction, and the force required is smaller.
As preferred, supporting component includes the edge the multiunit that circular guide circumference all set up along the interval, supporting component quantity is four, be provided with the wall on the circular guide, the wall divides circular guide into four sections central angle and is the circular arc guide of 90 degrees, and supporting component and circular arc guide one-to-one set up.
Thus, only 90-degree rotation is ensured by realizing one angle control, and only 90-degree rotation is ensured by a mechanical structure.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a double-deck parking apparatus used in a double-deck parking method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the load bearing support and the sliding riser of FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the parking plate of the vehicle of fig. 1.
Wherein, 1 bearing support, 2 are the loading board, 3 are the slide rail, 4 are first bracing piece, 5 are the second bracing piece, 6 are first telescopic link, 7 are the second telescopic link, 8 are the electro-magnet that resets, 9 are the car and park the board, 10 are the car and drive in the baffle, 11 big band pulleys, 12 are circular guide rails.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a double-deck parking apparatus used in a double-deck parking method according to an embodiment of the present invention, fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a load-bearing bracket and a sliding lifting device in fig. 1, and fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a parking board of an automobile in fig. 1.
The embodiment of the invention discloses a double-layer parking method, wherein a rectangular automobile parking plate is horizontally arranged above a parking space below to form an upper parking space, the automobile parking plate is horizontally and forwards lowered to the ground by adopting a device and then rotated by 90 degrees to drive the automobile into the automobile parking plate, and the automobile is driven into the lower parking space to finish parking or the automobile parking plate is rotated and upwards pulled by the device to reset so as to realize parking of the automobile above.
Therefore, the method can avoid the artificial reversing process, and realize automatic turning and reversing by the action of the automobile parking plate when the automobile directly drives along a road straight line to reach a certain position. Therefore, manual operation can be omitted, and the use is convenient and safer.
In this embodiment, the method is implemented by the following apparatus, including: the parking device comprises a vertically arranged bearing support, wherein the bearing support comprises a left side support and a right side support which are symmetrically arranged at intervals, the lower sides of the left side support and the right side support form a ground connection side, the front side of the bearing support is communicated, and a parking stall is formed in the bearing support; still include the loading board, the loading board sets up along bearing support fore-and-aft direction level, the loading board passes through the lifting device that slides that bearing support the place ahead set up and drives and can slide by bearing support the level directly over and transfer to the subaerial in bearing support dead ahead, be provided with rotatory parking equipment on the loading board, be provided with the car parking board on the rotatory parking equipment, the car parking board drives through the rotary driving mechanism who sets up between loading board and car parking board, when the loading board is located bearing support the place ahead subaerial, rotary driving mechanism can drive the car parking board and rotate 90 degrees at least and realize perpendicular or parallel with bearing support fore-and-aft direction.
Like this, during the use, transfer rotatory parking equipment to the subaerial just ahead of bearing support, then rotatory car parking board to perpendicular with the parking stall, the driver can directly open the car parking board along road direction with the vehicle, then rotatory car parking board to fore-and-aft direction again, personnel select upper parking stall or lower floor's parking stall, if choose lower floor's parking stall then directly to drive into, if select the upper strata to become this and get off, the through elevating gear that slides realizes that the car rises to the parking stall on upper strata. Therefore, when the device is used, the backing process can be completely removed, the space above the parking place is utilized, the backing operation process of a driver is removed, and the device is practical and convenient. When the rotary parking device is lowered to the lowest end, the rotary parking device can be completely lowered to the ground and can be supported by the sliding lifting device to be a certain height away from the ground, and the height is generally small, so that the automobile cannot be hindered from driving in.
In this embodiment, a structural reinforcement rod is fixedly connected between the left side bracket and the right side bracket along the spacing direction.
Therefore, the left and right supports are convenient to produce and assemble, and the reinforcing rods are used for structure reinforcement.
In this embodiment, the sliding lifting device includes two sliding rails, the two sliding rails are arranged right in front of the parking space in a bilateral symmetry manner, the spacing distance between the two sliding rails is greater than or equal to the width of the parking space, and each sliding rail includes a climbing section arranged obliquely and backwards and upwards and a horizontal section arranged above the parking space in the same vertical plane; the sliding block is arranged below the rear side of the bearing plate above the sliding rail and matched with the sliding rail, and the connecting end is arranged below the front side of the bearing plate; the parking device is characterized by further comprising a driving device, wherein the moving end of the driving device is connected with the connecting end to drive the bearing plate to lift and slide between the ground in front of the parking space and the position right above the parking space.
Therefore, the slide rail is convenient to control the motion trail, the motion end of the driving device is a combined motion of vertical motion and horizontal motion, the driving device can realize the horizontal motion through a moving trolley, the vertical motion is realized through the telescopic device, and the telescopic device can be a hydraulic oil cylinder arranged on the trolley, a telescopic rod piece or a mechanism capable of realizing the telescopic function, such as a vertically arranged lead screw nut pair and the like.
In this embodiment, the driving device includes a first supporting rod and a second supporting rod that are parallel to or coincident with a vertical plane where the sliding rail is located; the lower end of the first supporting rod is hinged to a hinged support arranged on the lower end of the climbing section forwards through a hinged shaft arranged horizontally, the first supporting rod is hinged to a first telescopic rod arranged on the same side face of the climbing section forwards through a horizontal hinged shaft, the upper end of the first supporting rod is hinged to a second supporting rod, the second supporting rod is arranged on one side, close to the slide rail, of the first supporting rod, the connecting end is the hinged support arranged below the front side of the bearing plate downwards, the connecting end is hinged to the upper end of the second supporting rod through the horizontal hinged shaft, the second telescopic rod is hinged between the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod through the horizontal hinged shaft, and the connecting lines of the corresponding points of the hinged shafts of the first supporting rod, the second supporting rod and the second telescopic rod form a triangle.
Therefore, the arrangement mode can not occupy the space in front of the parking space and on the left side and the right side, and the parking space is simple and convenient to arrange. The first telescopic rod piece and the second rope rod piece realize control over the motion trail of the motion end through oil circuit linkage control, and the motion trail of the motion end and the extension trail of the sliding rail form an equidistant line, namely the motion trail is communicated with the extension trail but is spatially staggered to realize horizontal lifting of the bearing plate, so that safety of parking and passing is ensured.
In this embodiment, the length of the first supporting rod is equal to the vertical height of the climbing section, and the length of the second supporting rod is less than the horizontal length of the climbing section.
Like this, first telescopic link can drive first bracing piece ninety degrees rotations between vertical and level, and when first telescopic link and second telescopic link shrink completely, the vertical setting of first bracing piece, first bracing piece is perpendicular with the second bracing piece.
In this embodiment, the first and second telescopic rods are hydraulic telescopic rods.
Therefore, the hydraulic cylinder can provide enough force, the model selection is convenient, and the automatic control is conveniently realized through the oil circuit to realize the program control of the motion process.
In this embodiment, the cross section of the slide rail is concave and has an upward opening, and the slide block is a roller.
Therefore, the concave type has better stability and is convenient for guiding and controlling the motion track.
In this embodiment, a hinge seat is disposed at a side of the middle of the first support rod, which is close to the slide rail, rearward, one end of the second telescopic rod is installed in the hinge seat through a hinge shaft, and one end of the first telescopic rod is hinged to the hinge shaft and located at an outer side of the hinge seat.
Thus, the above discloses a specific mounting structure, making the entire structure more compact.
In this embodiment, still include locking structure, locking structure includes the vertical locating hole of seting up on the loading board rear side to and connect at the slide rail horizontal segment rear with the locating hole cooperation and can vertically stretch out and draw back the bolt of inserting the locating hole.
Therefore, locking is realized during parking, and the parking device is safer.
In this embodiment, the bolt is obtained by a reset electromagnet.
Therefore, the reset electromagnet is convenient to realize automatic control, and the automation of the whole parking device is realized.
In this embodiment, rotatory parking equipment sets up the car parking board in the loading board top including the level, sets up rotatory bearing structure between car parking board and the loading board and realizes supporting, still including the rotation driving mechanism who sets up between car parking board and loading board, and rotation driving mechanism can drive the coincidence or the perpendicular of car parking board positive and negative rotation realization and loading board.
Like this, provide the constitution of rotatory parking equipment, the loading board is as the installation basis, and rotation support structure and rotation driving device independently set up, easy to assemble.
In this embodiment, the middle part of the gas car parking plate along the length direction coincides with the middle part of the bearing plate along the length direction, and the rotation center of the car parking plate is arranged at the coinciding part.
In this way, the space occupied during rotation is as small as possible.
In the embodiment, the rotary driving mechanism comprises a driving motor arranged on the bearing plate, and an output shaft of the driving motor is in driving connection with a small belt wheel which is horizontally arranged; the automobile parking device is characterized by further comprising a large belt wheel horizontally arranged below the middle part of the automobile parking plate in the length direction, the large belt wheel is fixedly connected with the automobile parking plate, and a connecting belt is arranged between the large belt wheel and the small belt wheel.
Like this, belt transmission width size is less, is applicable to narrow and small space, and transmission efficiency is higher, also is suitable for work under the adverse circumstances.
In this embodiment, the connecting belt is a V-belt.
Therefore, the V-belt structure is simple, the transmission is stable, the vibration can be buffered and absorbed, the power can be transmitted between a large shaft distance and multiple shafts, the manufacturing cost is low, the lubrication is not needed, and the maintenance is easy.
In this embodiment, rotatory bearing structure includes the circular guide rail that the car mounting panel bottom was seted up downwards, and the axis of circular guide rail and the gyration axis coincidence of car parking board still include the vertical support assembly who upwards sets up on the loading board, and support assembly's upper end constitutes and supports the sliding end cooperation and be in the circular slide rail.
Like this, supporting component can be vertical pipe commentaries on classics structure, and motor and big or small belt pulley all set up inside it this moment, and its upper end and circular guide rail contact friction realize the rotation support.
In this embodiment, the supporting component comprises a sunken mounting groove with the upper end vertically arranged, a steel ball capable of rotating freely is arranged in the mounting groove, the steel ball partially protrudes out of the mounting groove, and the protruding part is embedded into a circular guide rail arranged on the bottom surface of the automobile mounting plate downwards.
Thus, the sliding friction is converted into rolling friction, and the force required is smaller.
In this embodiment, the supporting component includes the edge the multiunit that circular guide circumference all set up along the interval, supporting component quantity is four, be provided with the wall on the circular guide, divide into the circular guide four sections central angle with the circular guide and be the circular arc guide of 90 degrees, supporting component and circular arc guide one-to-one set up.
Thus, only 90-degree rotation is ensured by realizing one angle control, and only 90-degree rotation is ensured by a mechanical structure.
In this embodiment, the middle part of car parking board along length direction is upwards protruding and is formed car front and rear wheel location portion, and car front and rear wheel location portion is provided with leading-in plane transition along length direction's both ends slant downwards.
Therefore, the automobile can conveniently run on the automobile parking plate and be positioned on the automobile parking plate.
In this embodiment, the car parking plate is provided with a car driving guide plate along both ends of the length direction, one side of the car driving guide plate is a ground contact side, the end part far away from the side is a rotary connecting end, the rotary connecting end is provided with a connecting shaft along the left and right direction, the connecting shaft is rotatably inserted into a set of left and right spaced insertion lugs arranged along both ends of the length direction of the car parking plate, and one side of the car driving guide plate, which is connected with one end of the ground contact side far away from the car parking plate, forms a car driving side.
Therefore, after the whole device is placed down, the automobile parking plate is still at a certain height away from the ground, and the automobile driving guide plate is convenient to drive in.
In this embodiment, the left and right sides of the automobile parking board are provided upward with the baffle.
Like this, about conveniently playing certain safety protection, avoid rotatory centrifugal force to control down the car roll-off car parking board, the width that the car parked the board is greater than the car width setting, ensures to make things convenient for personnel to drive into the back and get on or off the bus.

Claims (7)

1. A double-layer parking method is characterized in that a rectangular automobile parking plate is horizontally arranged above a lower parking space to form an upper parking space, and the double-layer parking method is characterized in that a device is adopted to horizontally lower the automobile parking plate forwards to the ground, rotate the automobile for 90 degrees and drive the automobile into the automobile parking plate, and drive the automobile into the lower parking space to finish parking or rotate the automobile parking plate upwards to pull and reset the automobile parking plate through the device to realize parking of the automobile above;
the method is realized by adopting the following devices, comprising the following steps: the parking device comprises a vertically arranged bearing support, wherein the bearing support comprises a left side support and a right side support which are symmetrically arranged at intervals, the lower sides of the left side support and the right side support form a ground connection side, the front side of the bearing support is communicated, and a parking stall is formed in the bearing support; the automobile parking device comprises a bearing support and is characterized by further comprising a bearing plate, wherein the bearing plate is horizontally arranged along the front-back direction of the bearing support, the bearing plate is driven by a sliding lifting device arranged in front of the bearing support and can be horizontally slid and lowered to the ground in front of the bearing support from the right above the bearing support, a rotary parking device is arranged on the bearing plate, an automobile parking plate is arranged on the rotary parking device, the automobile parking plate is driven by a rotary driving mechanism arranged between the bearing plate and the automobile parking plate, and when the bearing plate is arranged on the ground in front of the bearing support, the rotary driving mechanism can drive the automobile parking plate to rotate at least 90 degrees to be perpendicular to or parallel to the front-;
the sliding lifting device comprises two sliding rails, the two sliding rails are arranged in bilateral symmetry right in front of the parking space, the spacing distance is larger than or equal to the width of the parking space, and the sliding rails comprise climbing sections arranged obliquely and backwards and horizontal sections arranged above the parking space in the same vertical plane; the sliding block is arranged below the rear side of the bearing plate above the sliding rail and matched with the sliding rail, and the connecting end is arranged below the front side of the bearing plate; the movable end of the driving device is connected with the connecting end to drive the bearing plate to lift and slide between the ground in front of the parking space and the position right above the parking space;
the driving device comprises a first supporting rod and a second supporting rod which are parallel to or overlapped with a vertical plane where the sliding rail is located; the lower end of the first support rod is hinged with a hinged support which is arranged forwards on the lower end of the climbing section through a hinge shaft which is arranged horizontally, the same side face of the first support rod and the climbing section is hinged with a first telescopic rod which is arranged forwards through a horizontal hinge shaft, the upper end of the first support rod is hinged with a second support rod, the second support rod is arranged on one side, close to the slide rail, of the first support rod, the connecting end is the hinged support which is arranged downwards on the lower side of the front side of the bearing plate, the connecting end is hinged with the upper end of the second support rod through the horizontal hinge shaft, the second telescopic rod is hinged between the first support rod and the second support rod through the horizontal hinge shaft, and connecting lines of corresponding points of the hinge shafts, hinged with each other, of the first support rod, the second support rod and the;
the first telescopic rod and the second telescopic rod realize the control of the motion trail of the motion end through the linkage control of an oil circuit, and realize that the motion trail of the motion end and the extension trail of the slide rail form an equidistant line, namely the motion trail is communicated with the extension trail but is staggered in space to realize the horizontal lifting of the bearing plate; the length of first bracing piece equals the vertical height of the section of climbing, and the length of second bracing piece is less than the horizontal length of the section of climbing.
2. The double-deck parking method according to claim 1, further comprising a locking structure including a vertical positioning hole formed on the rear side of the loading plate, and a latch coupled to the rear of the horizontal section of the slide rail to be engaged with the positioning hole and vertically inserted into the positioning hole in a telescopic manner.
3. The double-deck parking method as recited in claim 1, wherein the rotary parking device comprises a parking board horizontally disposed above the loading plate, and a rotary support structure disposed between the parking board and the loading plate for supporting the parking board, and a rotary driving mechanism disposed between the parking board and the loading plate, the rotary driving mechanism being capable of driving the parking board to rotate in a forward or reverse direction to be aligned with or perpendicular to the loading plate.
4. The double-deck parking method according to claim 3, wherein the rotary driving mechanism comprises a driving motor provided on the loading plate, and an output shaft of the driving motor is drivingly connected with a small pulley horizontally provided; the automobile parking device is characterized by further comprising a large belt wheel horizontally arranged below the middle part of the automobile parking plate in the length direction, the large belt wheel is fixedly connected with the automobile parking plate, and a connecting belt is arranged between the large belt wheel and the small belt wheel.
5. The double-deck parking method according to claim 3, wherein the rotary support structure comprises a circular guide rail formed on the bottom surface of the car mounting plate and extending downward, the axis of the circular guide rail coinciding with the axis of rotation of the car parking plate, and a support member vertically extending upward on the loading plate, the upper end of the support member forming a support sliding end fitted into the circular slide rail.
6. The double-deck parking method according to claim 5, wherein said supporting member comprises a sunken mounting groove vertically disposed at an upper end thereof, a freely rotatable steel ball is disposed in the mounting groove, the steel ball partially protrudes from said mounting groove, and the protruding portion is embedded in a circular guide rail downwardly disposed on a bottom surface of the car mounting plate.
7. The double-deck parking method according to claim 6, wherein the support members comprise a plurality of sets arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the circular guide rail, the number of the support members is four, the circular guide rail is provided with a partition, the partition divides the circular guide rail into four arc guide rails with central angles of 90 degrees, and the support members and the arc guide rails are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner.
CN201811140023.7A 2018-09-28 2018-09-28 Double-layer parking method Expired - Fee Related CN109057437B (en)

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CN201811140023.7A CN109057437B (en) 2018-09-28 2018-09-28 Double-layer parking method

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