CN106639415B - Three-dimensional parking device - Google Patents

Three-dimensional parking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106639415B
CN106639415B CN201610992265.3A CN201610992265A CN106639415B CN 106639415 B CN106639415 B CN 106639415B CN 201610992265 A CN201610992265 A CN 201610992265A CN 106639415 B CN106639415 B CN 106639415B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parking
transverse moving
lifting
wheel
plate
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CN201610992265.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106639415A (en
Inventor
刘勇
黄丽冰
于建平
王嫱
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Beijing University of Chemical Technology
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Beijing University of Chemical Technology
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Publication of CN106639415A publication Critical patent/CN106639415A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/06Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars with means for shifting or lifting vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a three-dimensional parking device which mainly comprises parking plates, a transverse moving mechanism and a lifting mechanism, wherein the parking plates are divided into an upper parking plate and a lower parking plate, the upper parking plate is divided into a vehicle-carrying module and a transverse moving module, the vehicle-carrying module is a vehicle parking steel plate, and the transverse moving module is a steel plate provided with the transverse moving mechanism. The transverse moving mechanism comprises a transmission system, a travelling wheel, a wheel shaft and a coupling. The lifting mechanism comprises a transmission system, a hoisting drum, a supporting shaft, a steel wire rope and an upright post. The slideway device mainly comprises a travelling wheel guide rail surface, a steel guide rail and a rail seat. The double-layer three-dimensional parking device is suitable for any occasions (parking lots, road parking spaces, private garages and the like), makes full use of parking spaces, and is convenient and quick to get in and out.

Description

Three-dimensional parking device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a double-layer parking space device for parking an automobile, and belongs to the field of mechanical design.
Background
With the rapid development of the economy of China, the automobile industry of China begins to enter the rapid development era, and according to statistics, the national automobile holding capacity in 2013 reaches 1.37 hundred million, which is 5.7 times of the national automobile holding capacity in 2003. While the quantity of automobiles in China is increased rapidly, the problem of difficult parking is brought along. In 2012, japan 'dongyuan' periodicals indicate that parking in big cities in China is difficult to be a social problem, and in order to solve the problem, governments begin to utilize spaces on two sides of roads, so that although partial problems of insufficient parking spaces are solved, the citizens are dissatisfied, so that media calls for calls in China and the ground is insufficient, and a stereo garage is to be built.
The stereo garage belongs to the facility for parking and storing vehicles and is characterized by fully utilizing space and scientifically storing vehicles. The stereo garage greatly increases the capacity of vehicle storage on the limited land area of the existing common garage, but also has the problems that vehicles on the upper layer are difficult to get out of the garage and vehicles are easy to jam during the peak period, thereby greatly limiting the popularization of the stereo garage in China. Aiming at the problems of the stereo garage, the invention designs the stereo parking device which not only can be applied to the stereo garage to solve the problems of difficult car entering and exiting and peak time congestion of the stereo garage, but also can be applied to temporary parking places on roads and small household garages to solve the problem of serious shortage of parking places in large cities.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a three-dimensional parking device which fully utilizes parking space and solves the problem that parking spaces in large cities are seriously insufficient.
The invention provides a three-dimensional parking device which comprises a parking plate, a transverse moving mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a slideway device. The parking plate is divided into an upper parking plate and a lower parking plate, the upper parking plate is divided into a vehicle-carrying module and a transverse moving module, the vehicle-carrying module is a vehicle-parking steel plate and is divided into a left part and a right part, and the two parts are connected through a hinge; the transverse moving module is a steel plate provided with a transverse moving mechanism, and the vehicle carrying module is connected with the transverse moving module through a hinge structure; the lower parking plate is a parking vehicle steel plate provided with a transverse moving mechanism. The transverse moving mechanism comprises a pair of running wheels, a pair of wheel shafts, a coupler and a transverse moving transmission system, wherein the running wheels are divided into driving running wheels and driven running wheels, and are arranged on the corresponding driving wheel shafts and driven wheel shafts through round-head flat keys; the wheel shaft is fastened on the parking plate support through a deep groove ball bearing and a bearing end cover by an inner hexagonal socket head cap screw, and the wheel shaft is a stepped shaft in order to meet the positioning requirements of other parts; the driving wheel shaft is connected with the driven wheel shaft through a coupler; the transverse moving transmission system consists of a transverse moving speed reducing motor, a pair of transverse moving chain wheels and a double-row chain, wherein the transverse moving speed reducing motor is fastened on the parking plate through a hexagon head bolt; the small transverse moving chain wheel is arranged on an output shaft of the transverse moving speed reducing motor; the large transverse moving chain wheel is arranged on the driving wheel shaft through a round head flat key; the small transverse moving chain wheel is connected with the large transverse moving chain wheel through a double-row chain. The lifting mechanism comprises a hoisting drum, a supporting shaft, a steel wire rope, an upright post and a lifting transmission system, wherein the hoisting drum is arranged on the supporting shaft through a round-head flat key by a web plate type drum mounting wheel; the supporting shaft is fastened on the upright post through a hexagon head bolt by a deep groove ball bearing and a bearing end cover; one end of the steel wire rope is arranged on the hoisting drum, and the other end of the steel wire rope is arranged on the upper parking plate through an open type pouring rigging; the lifting transmission system consists of a lifting speed reducing motor, a pair of lifting chain wheels and a double-row chain, and the lifting speed reducing motor is fastened on the upright post through a hexagon bolt; the lifting small chain wheel is arranged on an output shaft of the lifting speed reducing motor; the lifting large chain wheel is arranged on the supporting shaft through a round head flat key; the small lifting chain wheel is connected with the large lifting chain wheel through a double-row chain. The slideway device comprises a travelling wheel guide rail surface, a steel guide rail and a rail seat.
Compared with the traditional three-dimensional parking device, the upper layer of automobiles is convenient to get out of the parking space, and the parking space is irrelevant to whether the lower layer of automobiles parks the automobiles. The device can be used for parking an ordinary car from top to bottom respectively.
The upper parking plate of the three-dimensional parking device provided by the invention drives the hoisting drum to rotate forwards and reversely by the lifting motor, realizes the inclined placement of the upper parking plate through the transmission of the steel wire rope wound on the hoisting drum, can randomly adjust the height of the upper parking plate, and only needs to press the lifting control switch to control the rotating direction and the working time of the shaft of the lifting motor.
The upper parking plate of the three-dimensional parking device provided by the invention is provided with the circular holes which are in equilateral triangle shapes, and when an automobile is parked on the upper parking plate stably, the support legs of the fixed cushion blocks are inserted into the corresponding holes, so that the positions of wheels can be fixed, and the automobile is prevented from sliding in the parking process on an inclined parking space. In addition, make the circular port fill with the parking board, also play the effect of increase friction, further avoided the vehicle to slide.
The device is provided with a slideway device, an upper parking plate and a lower parking plate of the three-dimensional parking device are driven by a transverse speed reducing motor to drive a transverse chain wheel to realize directional transverse movement of the travelling wheels on the slideway, and the transverse movement direction of the travelling wheels is controlled by a transverse movement control switch to control the rotation direction of a transverse movement motor shaft.
The size of an ordinary car is about 3.8 × 1.7 × 1.6m, the parking lot mainly used for parking small cars adopts the size of 2.5-2.7 × 5-6 m, and 2 cars can be parked in one parking space by using the three-dimensional parking device. The upper and lower parking stall possess independent sideslip mechanism and slide, and the car of cominging in and going out and ordinary parking stall discrepancy car does not have the difference, and is just as convenient, compares in the car circumstances of cominging in and going out of all kinds of stereo garage, has the advantage that saves time and raises the efficiency. The double-layer three-dimensional parking device is suitable for various occasions such as small parking lots, road parking spaces, private garages and the like, and is expected to effectively solve the problem of difficult parking in large cities due to the advantages of full utilization of parking spaces and convenience and quickness in vehicle entering and exiting.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of a sky parking system according to the present invention
FIG. 2 is a top view of a sky parking apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a lower parking plate of the three-dimensional parking apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the slide apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a spacer;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of a vehicle parked in the sky parking apparatus.
In figure 1, a steel wire rope 2, a lifting gear motor 3, a stand column 4, an upper parking plate 5, a hinge structure 6, an upper parking plate transverse moving module 7, a transverse moving small chain wheel 8, a transverse moving large chain wheel 9, a coupler 10, a travelling wheel 11, a lower parking plate 12 and an optical axis
In FIG. 2, 13, a fixing hole 14, a hoisting drum 15, a small lifting chain wheel 16 and a large lifting chain wheel
In FIG. 3, 17, Z-shaped steel edge beam 18, rectangular supporting steel 19, rectangular supporting steel 20, steel plate 21 and transverse gear motor
In FIG. 4, 22, a rail guide surface 23, a steel rail 24, and a rail seat
In FIG. 5, 25, fixed spacers
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, the initial position of the upper parking plate 4 is parallel to the lower parking plate 11, after a car is parked on the upper parking plate 4, the transverse movement speed reducing motor 21 of the upper parking plate 4 is started, the transverse movement large chain wheel 8 is driven by the transverse movement small chain wheel 7 to carry out transmission, and the upper parking plate 4 and the parked car are transversely moved to a parking space; after a car is parked on the lower parking plate 11, a fixed cushion block 25 is inserted into the position of the wheel where the car is parked on the upper parking plate 4, the lifting speed reducing motor 2 is started, the lifting small chain wheel 15 drives the lifting large chain wheel 16 to transmit, the lifting winding drum 14 is driven to rotate, the upper parking plate 4 is obliquely placed through the transmission of the steel wire rope 1 wound on the lifting winding drum 14, then the speed reducing motor 21 is started to transversely move the lower parking plate 11 and the parked car to a parking space. When a vehicle parked on the lower parking plate 11 needs to exit, the transverse gear motor 21 of the lower parking plate 11 can be directly started, and the vehicle parked on the lower parking plate 11 is directly transversely moved to an exit position to exit; when a vehicle parked on the upper parking plate 4 needs to exit, the transverse movement speed reducing motor 21 of the upper parking plate 4 is started, the vehicle parked on the upper parking plate 4 is transversely moved to an exit position, then the lifting transverse movement motor 2 is started, the upper parking plate 4 is lowered to the horizontal position, and then the fixed cushion block 25 is pulled out to exit the vehicle.
As shown in fig. 4, the rail seat 24 of the slide rail device is installed on the parking space and the parking space ground, the traveling wheels 10 of the upper and lower parking plates (4, 11) perform reciprocating linear motion on the slide rail device steel guide rails 23, and the slide rail grooves of the steel guide rails 23 play a role in guiding and limiting the traveling wheels 10, thereby realizing the correct transverse movement of the upper and lower parking plates (4, 11).
As shown in fig. 5, the fixed spacer 25 has three cylindrical legs which form an equilateral triangle and which fit into cylindrical holes in the upper parking plate 4. When the automobile parking device is used, after an automobile is parked on the upper parking plate 4 stably, the front wheel and the rear wheel are wrapped by the fixing cushion blocks 25, the arrangement mode is shown in figure 5, and each support leg is inserted into a corresponding hole of the upper parking plate 4, so that the positions of the wheels are fixed.
As shown in fig. 6, the upper parking plate 4 can be adjusted in height at will, and its inclination angle is determined according to the height of the vehicle parked on the lower parking plate 11.

Claims (3)

1. A three-dimensional parking device is characterized by comprising a parking plate, a transverse moving mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a slideway device, wherein the parking plate is divided into an upper parking plate and a lower parking plate; the transverse moving module is a steel plate provided with a transverse moving mechanism, and the vehicle carrying module is connected with the transverse moving module through a hinge structure; the lower parking plate is a vehicle parking steel plate provided with a transverse moving mechanism; the transverse moving mechanism comprises a pair of running wheels, a pair of wheel shafts, a coupler and a transverse moving transmission system, wherein the running wheels are divided into driving running wheels and driven running wheels, and are arranged on the corresponding driving wheel shafts and driven wheel shafts through round-head flat keys; the wheel shaft is fastened on the parking plate support through a deep groove ball bearing and a bearing end cover by an inner hexagonal socket head cap screw, and the wheel shaft is a stepped shaft in order to meet the positioning requirements of other parts; the driving wheel shaft is connected with the driven wheel shaft through a coupler; the transverse moving transmission system consists of a transverse moving speed reducing motor, a pair of transverse moving chain wheels and a double-row chain, wherein the transverse moving speed reducing motor is fastened on the parking plate through a hexagon head bolt; the small transverse moving chain wheel is arranged on an output shaft of the transverse moving speed reducing motor; the large transverse moving chain wheel is arranged on the driving wheel shaft through a round head flat key; the small transverse moving chain wheel is connected with the large transverse moving chain wheel through a double-row chain; the lifting mechanism comprises a hoisting drum, a supporting shaft, a steel wire rope, an upright post and a lifting transmission system, wherein the hoisting drum is arranged on the supporting shaft through a round-head flat key by a separately designed web type drum mounting wheel; the supporting shaft is fastened on the upright post through a hexagon head bolt by a deep groove ball bearing and a bearing end cover; one end of the steel wire rope is arranged on the hoisting drum, and the other end of the steel wire rope is arranged on the upper parking plate through an open type pouring rigging; the lifting transmission system consists of a lifting speed reducing motor, a pair of lifting chain wheels and a double-row chain, and the lifting speed reducing motor is fastened on the upright post through a hexagon bolt; the lifting small chain wheel is arranged on an output shaft of the lifting speed reducing motor; the lifting large chain wheel is arranged on the supporting shaft through a round head flat key; the small lifting chain wheel is connected with the large lifting chain wheel through a double-row chain; the slideway device comprises a travelling wheel guide rail surface, a steel guide rail and a rail seat.
2. The sky-parking facility as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cars are disposed at an angle.
3. The multistory parking facility as claimed in claim 1 wherein the elevation of the upper parking plate is driven by a motor to rotate the drum in a forward and reverse direction, and the elevation is adjustable by pulling a wire rope wound around the drum.
CN201610992265.3A 2016-11-11 2016-11-11 Three-dimensional parking device Active CN106639415B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610992265.3A CN106639415B (en) 2016-11-11 2016-11-11 Three-dimensional parking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610992265.3A CN106639415B (en) 2016-11-11 2016-11-11 Three-dimensional parking device

Publications (2)

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CN106639415A CN106639415A (en) 2017-05-10
CN106639415B true CN106639415B (en) 2020-04-28

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107191035A (en) * 2017-06-18 2017-09-22 安徽凯旋智能停车设备有限公司 A kind of traversing transmission group
CN108104542A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-06-01 安徽乐库智能停车设备有限公司 A kind of multi-storied garage intelligent shutdown system

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3016115B2 (en) * 1994-11-07 2000-03-06 督 相馬 Cantilever type two-stage parking device
CN200971628Y (en) * 2006-11-14 2007-11-07 吉世凤 Self-lock device for vehicle inclined placed on plate of multi-storey garage
NL1033816C2 (en) * 2007-05-07 2008-11-10 Arie Van Donge B V Elevator construction, method for transporting a vehicle and method for collapsing a elevator construction.
CN102704725B (en) * 2012-05-17 2014-11-19 苏州大方特种车股份有限公司 Two-layer inclined lifting and transferring parking device
CN203050187U (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-07-10 青岛茂源金属集团有限公司 Pitching lifting horizontally-moving type parking device
CN205172084U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-20 朱旭红 Cantilever structure behind folding pull rod formula year sweep

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Inventor after: Liu Yong

Inventor after: Huang Libing

Inventor after: Yu Jianping

Inventor after: Wang Qiang

Inventor before: Liu Yong

Inventor before: Yu Jianping

Inventor before: Wang Qiang

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