CN108990514B - A harvester for gathering trichosanthes kirilowii - Google Patents

A harvester for gathering trichosanthes kirilowii Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108990514B
CN108990514B CN201811151507.1A CN201811151507A CN108990514B CN 108990514 B CN108990514 B CN 108990514B CN 201811151507 A CN201811151507 A CN 201811151507A CN 108990514 B CN108990514 B CN 108990514B
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melon
conveying
pulp
breaking
communicated
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CN108990514A (en
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蔡克桐
梅军
段凯
饶崇明
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Xianning Agriculture Academy Of Sciences
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Xianning Agriculture Academy Of Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D41/00Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
    • A01D41/02Self-propelled combines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D41/00Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
    • A01D41/12Details of combines

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a harvester for harvesting trichosanthes kirilowii, which comprises a walking device and a trichosanthes kirilowii crushing system, wherein the walking device comprises a walking device and a crushing device; the walking device comprises a frame, walking wheels and a power and transmission system; the melon breaking system comprises a melon pedicle shearing device, a melon conveying device, a melon breaking device, a melon pulp and seed separating device, a bracket and a discharge hole; the bracket is connected to the frame and used for supporting the melon breaking system; the melon base shearing device is positioned right above the melon conveying device; comprises a strip-shaped sawtooth cutter and a melon poking device; the melon conveying device is communicated with the lower part of the melon base shearing device upwards and is communicated with the melon crushing device downwards; the melon pulp and seed separating device communicated with the melon breaking device is arranged below the melon breaking device; a discharge port is arranged below the melon pulp and seed separating device. The melon lifting machine is simple in structure, and can quickly separate and integrate the collection and pulp and seeds.

Description

A harvester for gathering trichosanthes kirilowii
Technical Field
The invention relates to agricultural harvesting machinery and a method, in particular to a device and a method for harvesting trichosanthes kirilowii.
Background
Trichosanthes kirilowii, also known as Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim of Cucurbitaceae, is a perennial herbaceous vine plant, and partially fruiting in the 1 st year after sowing, and fully fruiting in the 2 nd year. The trichosanthes kirilowii peel, seed and root can be used as medicines, are rare traditional Chinese medicinal materials, contain unsaturated fatty acid, protein and the like, and have the effects of moistening lung for removing phlegm, reducing pathogenic fire for relieving cough, relieving chest stuffiness and removing stasis, reducing swelling and removing toxicity, loosening the bowel to relieve constipation and the like.
Most of the trichosanthes kirilowii planting is fostered by a shed frame which is about 1.5m high and is fostered, the shed frame adopts cement prefabricated row strips or bamboo and wood columns with the length of 1.8m as main columns, 1 row of trichosanthes kirilowii 1 row columns are erected every 2.0-2.5 m, and a transverse frame is erected between 2-3 rows. Iron wires are pulled on the upper surface, the two ends, the middle part and the four corners of the frame to keep firm. The harvest of the snakegourd is manual picking, the labor intensity is high, the operation efficiency is low, and the picking cost is high. Based on the method, the method and the device for harvesting the trichosanthes kirilowii are produced at the same time.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a melon harvesting machine which realizes integrated operation, is high in production efficiency, reduces the number of workers and reduces the cost.
The invention also aims to provide a mechanical method for harvesting the trichosanthes kirilowii.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
a harvester for harvesting trichosanthes kirilowii comprises a walking device and a trichosanthes kirilowii crushing system; the walking device comprises a frame, walking wheels and a power and transmission system; the melon breaking system comprises a melon pedicle shearing device, a melon conveying device, a melon breaking device, a melon pulp and seed separating device, a bracket and a discharge hole; the bracket is connected to the frame and used for supporting the melon breaking system; the melon base shearing device is positioned right above the melon conveying device; comprises a strip-shaped sawtooth cutter and a melon poking device; the melon conveying device is positioned below the melon base shearing device which is communicated upwards, and is communicated downwards with the melon crushing device; the melon pulp and seed separating device communicated with the melon breaking device is arranged below the melon breaking device; a discharge port is arranged below the melon pulp and seed separating device.
Furthermore, the melon lifting conveying device comprises a conveying hopper, a conveying cylinder and a conveying slide way, and is positioned at the front left of the whole vehicle; the top of the conveying funnel is in an inverted trapezoid shape, the bottom of the conveying funnel is in a round shape, and a round leakage opening of the conveying funnel is communicated with the conveying cylinder;
the conveying slide way is a semicircular cylinder body, the conveying slide way is connected with a left semicircle at the bottom of the cylindrical cylinder of the conveying cylinder, and an outlet of the conveying slide way is communicated with an inlet of the melon breaking device.
Furthermore, the melon breaking device is positioned at the right rear side of the whole vehicle, is connected with a melon conveying slide way of the melon conveying device, and consists of a box body and a stirring shaft; iron rods are uniformly arranged on the stirring shaft.
Furthermore, the melon seed and pulp separating device comprises two separating devices, namely a first separating device and a second separating device; the first separation device comprises a semicircular macroporous screen, a sleeve and a first stirring plate, is provided with a first feeding hole, is positioned right above the second separation device and is obliquely arranged in a manner of being low on the left and high on the right; the sleeve is arranged outside the semicircular macroporous screen, a rectangular discharge hole is formed in the bottom of the sleeve, and the separated snakegourd pulp seeds enter the second separating device; the second separating device comprises a cylindrical small-hole screen and a stirring plate II, is positioned under the first separating device and is obliquely arranged in a left-high-right direction, and a rectangular feeding hole II is formed in the opposite direction of the top of the small-hole screen and the sleeve of the first separating device and communicated with the rectangular discharging hole of the first separating device.
The melon lifting machine is simple in structure, and can quickly separate and integrate the collection and pulp and seeds.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of a melon harvester of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a left side view schematic structure diagram of the melon harvester of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the melon conveying device;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the pedicel shearing apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the melon breaking device of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a first separating device of the melon pulp and seed separating device according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a second schematic structural diagram of the first separating device of the melon pulp and seed separating device of the invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a second separating device of the melon pulp and seed separating device of the invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the melon pulp and seed separating device of the invention;
the device comprises a melon base shearing device, a melon conveying device, a support, a frame, a power and transmission system, a walking wheel, a control handle, a melon crushing device, a melon pulp and seed separating device and a discharge port, wherein the melon base shearing device is 1, the melon conveying device is 2, the support is 3, the frame is 4, the power and transmission system is 5, the walking wheel is 6, the control handle is 7, the melon crushing device is 8, the melon pulp and seed separating device is 9, and the discharge port is 10;
101-melon puller, 102-bar saw cutter; 201-conveying hopper, 202-conveying cylinder, 203-conveying slideway, 204-elastic plate;
801-broken melon stirring shaft; 901-sleeve, 902-stirring plate, 903-big hole screen and 904-small hole screen; 905-a first feeding hole; 906-a first discharge hole; 907-feeding hole II; 908-stirring plate two.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
the invention relates to a trichosanthes kirilowii harvester which mainly comprises a pedicel shearing device 1, a trichosanthes kirilowii conveying device 2, a trichosanthes kirilowii crushing device 8, a trichosanthes kirilowii pulp and seed separating device 9, a power and transmission system 5, a bracket 3, a frame 4, a traveling wheel 6, a control handle 7 and a discharge hole 10.
Support 3 is connected and is used for supporting melon breaker on frame 4.
The melon base shearing device 1 consists of a strip-shaped sawtooth cutter 102 and a melon poking device 101 and is positioned right above the melon lifting harvester; the melon poking device 101 is used for collecting hung melon in front of the bar-shaped sawtooth cutter 102.
The melon lifting conveying device 2 comprises a conveying funnel 201, a conveying cylinder 202 and a conveying slideway 203, and is positioned at the left front of the whole vehicle;
the top of the conveying funnel 201 is of an inverted trapezoid cross section, the bottom of the conveying funnel is circular, and a circular leakage opening is connected with the conveying cylinder 202; along the melon that hangs the direction that drops, trapezoidal funnel is a little slope, and the gravity impact of buffering melon that hangs, avoid the melon that hangs broken.
Carry drum 202, for cylindrical, vertical installation, there are 3 elastic plates 204 in drum inside, and the elastic plate slope installation is convenient for the melon of hanging slowly, carry in order.
The conveying slide way 203 is semicircular and is connected with the left semicircle at the bottom of the cylindrical cylinder in the main view direction of the whole machine, and the melon is directly conveyed into the crushing device.
The melon breaking device 8 is positioned at the right rear part of the whole vehicle, is connected with the melon conveying slide way, and mainly comprises a box body and a stirring shaft 801; iron rods are uniformly arranged on the stirring shaft 801, so that the snake gourds can be conveniently and rotatably stirred.
Melon seed and pulp separator mainly comprises two separator, the first separator mainly comprises semi-circular macroporous screen 903, sleeve 901, stirring plate one 902, and the second separator mainly comprises cylindrical small-hole screen 904 net and stirring plate two 908.
First one separator, connect the melon breaking device and be equipped with feed inlet 905, be located the second and say separator directly over, in the main direction of looking of whole car, the installation of small amplitude slope, low right side height on the left side. The sleeve 901 is arranged outside the semicircular macroporous screen 903, and the bottom of the sleeve is provided with a rectangular discharge hole 906, so that the separated melon pulp seeds can conveniently enter a second feed hole 907 of the second separating device.
The second separation device is arranged right below the first separation device, is obliquely arranged in a left-high-right mode and mainly comprises a cylindrical small-hole screen 904 and a stirring plate II 908, and a rectangular feed inlet II 907 is formed in the top of the small-hole screen 904 and in the opposite direction of a sleeve of the first separation device, so that melon pulp and seeds which are screened and separated for the first time can enter the second separation device conveniently.
The separated melon pulp and seeds flow out of the melon harvester through the discharge hole 10.
The snakegourd enters a snakegourd crushing device through a pedicle shearing device and a conveying device, and is crushed into melon peels, melon pulp and melon seeds under the action of a melon crushing stirring shaft;
the melon seeds are further separated into smaller melon peels, melon pulp and melon seeds under the rotary stirring of the stirring plate, and the melon pulp is stirred into liquid;
because the sleeve of the first separation device is arranged in a manner that the left side is lower than the right side and the right side is higher than the left side, the melon peels left on the screen are filtered and separated by the semicircular macroporous screen, are thrown out from the right side of the sleeve by the rotation of the stirring plate, and melon pulp and melon seeds passing through the screen enter the second separation device;
under the action of the small-hole screen and the stirring plate, the pulp entering the small-hole screen is stirred into liquid and flows out of the holes of the small-hole screen; the melon seeds are left in the screen, and because the small-hole screen is arranged in a high-left and low-right mode, the melon seeds are rotationally brought to the right side of the small-hole screen and flow out of the discharge port to be collected.
Specifically, the snakegourd enters the conveying hopper after being cut off melon vines by the strip-shaped sawtooth cutter and then enters the conveying slide way through the conveying cylinder, falls into the snakegourd crushing box, and then the snakegourd peel, pulp and seeds flow into the first separating device after being crushed by the stirring shaft, and the separated snakegourd pulp and seeds enter the second separating device for further separation again, and finally the snakegourd seeds flow out through the discharge hole.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. A harvester for harvesting trichosanthes kirilowii is characterized by comprising a walking device and a trichosanthes kirilowii crushing system; the line
The walking device comprises a frame, walking wheels and a power and transmission system;
the melon breaking system comprises a melon pedicle shearing device, a melon conveying device, a melon breaking device, a melon pulp and seed separating device, a bracket and a discharge hole; the bracket is connected to the frame and used for supporting the melon breaking system;
the melon base shearing device is positioned right above the melon conveying device; comprises a strip-shaped sawtooth cutter and a melon poking device;
the melon conveying device is communicated with the lower part of the melon base shearing device upwards and is communicated with the melon crushing device downwards;
the melon pulp and seed separating device communicated with the melon breaking device is arranged below the melon breaking device; a discharge hole is formed below the melon pulp and seed separating device;
the melon seed and pulp separating device comprises a melon seed and pulp separating device,
comprises two separation devices, namely a first separation device and a second separation device;
the first separation device comprises a semicircular macroporous screen, a sleeve and a first stirring plate,
the first separation device is provided with a first feeding hole, is positioned right above the second separation device and is low on the left
High-inclination installation; the sleeve is arranged outside the semicircular macroporous screen, and the bottom of the sleeve is provided with a rectangular discharge hole
The separated melon pulp seeds enter a second separation device;
the second separation device comprises a cylindrical small-hole screen and a second stirring plate,
and the top of the small-hole screen is opposite to the sleeve of the first separating device, and a rectangular feed inlet II is arranged in the direction opposite to the sleeve of the first separating device, wherein the rectangular feed inlet II is communicated with the rectangular discharge hole of the first separating device.
2. Harvester for harvesting melon according to claim 1,
the melon lifting conveying device comprises a conveying hopper, a conveying cylinder and a conveying slideway, and is positioned at the front left of the whole vehicle;
the top of the conveying funnel is in an inverted trapezoid shape, the bottom of the conveying funnel is in a round shape, and a round leakage opening of the conveying funnel is communicated with the conveying cylinder;
carry the slide to be the semicircle barrel, carry the slide with the left semicircle of the cylindrical drum bottom of carrying the drum is connected, carry the export of slide with the melon breaking device import is linked together.
3. A harvester for harvesting the snakegourd according to claim 1, wherein the snakegourd crushing device is positioned at the rear right side of the whole vehicle, is connected with a snakegourd conveying slide way of the snakegourd conveying device, and consists of a box body and a stirring shaft; iron rods are uniformly arranged on the stirring shaft.
CN201811151507.1A 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A harvester for gathering trichosanthes kirilowii Active CN108990514B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811151507.1A CN108990514B (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A harvester for gathering trichosanthes kirilowii

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CN108990514B true CN108990514B (en) 2021-08-06

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6188865A (en) * 1984-10-09 1986-05-07 Nippon Deetsu Shokuhin Kk Continuous production of fruit juice such as data, or the like
CN103329685A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-10-02 甘肃靖远正生籽瓜科技有限公司 Seed melon crushing seed-taking machine
CN106171288A (en) * 2016-09-30 2016-12-07 桂林实力科技有限公司 A kind of Fructus Momordicae picker
CN206948937U (en) * 2017-04-30 2018-02-02 惠州市锦恒工业模具设计合伙企业(普通合伙) A kind of back of the body formula potyvirus harvester

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6188865A (en) * 1984-10-09 1986-05-07 Nippon Deetsu Shokuhin Kk Continuous production of fruit juice such as data, or the like
CN103329685A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-10-02 甘肃靖远正生籽瓜科技有限公司 Seed melon crushing seed-taking machine
CN106171288A (en) * 2016-09-30 2016-12-07 桂林实力科技有限公司 A kind of Fructus Momordicae picker
CN206948937U (en) * 2017-04-30 2018-02-02 惠州市锦恒工业模具设计合伙企业(普通合伙) A kind of back of the body formula potyvirus harvester

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