CN108990514A - It is a kind of for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim - Google Patents

It is a kind of for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108990514A
CN108990514A CN201811151507.1A CN201811151507A CN108990514A CN 108990514 A CN108990514 A CN 108990514A CN 201811151507 A CN201811151507 A CN 201811151507A CN 108990514 A CN108990514 A CN 108990514A
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China
Prior art keywords
trivhosantnes kirilouii
kirilouii manim
separator
manim
trivhosantnes
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CN201811151507.1A
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CN108990514B (en
Inventor
蔡克桐
梅军
段凯
饶崇明
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Xianning Agriculture Academy Of Sciences
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Xianning Agriculture Academy Of Sciences
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Priority to CN201811151507.1A priority Critical patent/CN108990514B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D41/00Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
    • A01D41/02Self-propelled combines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D41/00Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
    • A01D41/12Details of combines

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim, including a running gear and Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system;Running gear includes vehicle frame, traveling wheel and power and transmission system;Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system includes muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device, melon pulp seed separator, bracket and discharge port;Bracket is connected on the vehicle frame and is used to support Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system;Muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus, positioned at the surface of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device;Including bar shaped saw cut device and dial melon device;Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device is connected to upwards below the muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus, is connected to the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device downwards;The coupled logical melon pulp seed separator is arranged below in Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device;Melon pulp seed separator has discharge port.Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim machine structure of the invention is concise, and acquisition, melon pulp seed quick separating can be integrated in one.

Description

It is a kind of for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural harvesting machinery and method, harvesting apparatus and the side of a kind of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim are especially related to Method.
Background technique
Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim also known as snakegourd, Curcurbitaceae are herbaceous perennial vine plants, after planting the 1st year part fruiting, and the 2nd year complete Face fruiting.Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim skin, seed, root can be used as medicine, and be rare Chinese medicine, containing unsaturated fatty acid, protein etc., have moistening lung Resolving sputum, decreasing internal heat and relieving cough, relieving stuffiness of the chest by dispersing aggregation of pathogens, detumescence toxic removing and relax bowel and defecation and other effects.
Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim plantation mostly scaffolding frame encourage, high 1.5m of frame or so, frame using long 1.8m concrete prefabricated row item or bamboo, Pin does principal post, and 1 row pillar of l row Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim is 1 vertical every 2.0~2.5m, sets up a crossbearer between 2~3 rows.Above shelf, two Head, intermediate, quadrangle bracing wire keep secured.The harvest of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim is all manually to pick, and large labor intensity, operating efficiency are low, pick It is at high cost.Based on this, a kind of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim harvesting method and device come into being.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim harvest machineries, realize institutional operation, and high production efficiency reduces staff Quantity reduces cost.
Another goal of the invention of the invention is to provide a kind of mechanical means for harvesting Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim.
The technical scheme is that
It is a kind of for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim, including a running gear and Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system;Running gear include vehicle frame, Traveling wheel and power and transmission system;Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system includes muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device, the broken dress of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim It sets, melon pulp seed separator, bracket and discharge port;Bracket is connected on the vehicle frame and is used to support Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system;Melon Base of a fruit clipping apparatus, positioned at the surface of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device;Including bar shaped saw cut device and dial melon device;Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device position In being connected to below the muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus upwards, it is connected to the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device downwards;Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device is arranged below The coupled logical melon pulp seed separator;Melon pulp seed separator has discharge port.
Further, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device described above includes conveying funnel, delivery cylinder and conveying slideway, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying Device is located at the left front of vehicle;The top for conveying funnel is inverted trapezoidal, conveys the bottom of funnel as circle, conveys the circle of funnel Shape leak is connected to the delivery cylinder;
Conveying slideway is semicylindrical body, and conveying slideway is connect with the left semicircle of the cylindrical barrel bottom of the delivery cylinder, defeated The outlet of slideway is sent to be connected with Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device import.
Further, above-mentioned Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device is located at the right back of vehicle, conveys and slides with the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device Road connection, is made of cabinet and an agitating shaft;Iron rod is uniformly installed on agitating shaft.
Further, above-mentioned Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator, including twice separator, i.e. first of separator and second Road separator;First separator includes semicircle macropore sieve, sleeve, agitating plate one, first of separator and is set There is feed inlet one, positioned at the surface of second separator, in left low and right high inclination installation;Sleeve is mounted on semicircle macropore One rectangle discharge port is arranged at the outside of sieve, the bottom of sleeve, and the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed after separation enters in second separator;Second Road separator includes cylinder-shaped small screen mesh and agitating plate two, positioned at the underface of first of separator, in right low left high Inclination installation, the sleeve relative direction at the top of small screen mesh and first of separator are equipped with a rectangle feed inlet two, wherein Rectangle feed inlet two is connected with the rectangle discharge port of first of separator.
Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim machine structure of the invention is concise, and acquisition, melon pulp seed quick separating can be integrated in one.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic view of the front view of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim cropper of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view structural representation of the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim cropper of invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device of invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus of invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device of invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram one of first of separator of the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator of invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram two of first of separator of the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator of invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the second separator of the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator of invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator of invention;
Wherein, 1- muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus, 2- Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device, 3- bracket, 4- vehicle frame, 5- power and transmission system, 6- walking Wheel, 7- control handle, 8- Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device, 9- Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator, 10- discharge port;
101- dials melon device, 102- bar shaped saw cut device;201- conveys funnel, 202- delivery cylinder, and 203- conveys slideway, 204- Elastic plate;
The broken melon agitating shaft of 801-;901- sleeve, 902- agitating plate, 903- macropore sieve, the small screen mesh of 904-;905- feed inlet One;906- discharge port one;907- feed inlet two;908- agitating plate two.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below with reference to the drawings:
The present invention is a kind of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim cropper, mainly include muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus 1, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device 2, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device 8, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator 9, power and transmission system 5, bracket 3, vehicle frame 4, traveling wheel 6 control handle 7, discharge port 10.
Bracket 3, which is connected on vehicle frame 4, is used to support Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device.
Muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus 1, by bar shaped saw cut device 102, dial melon device 101 form, positioned at Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim cropper just on Side;Melon device 101 is dialled for the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim fallen of hanging down to be collected before bar shaped saw cut device 102.
Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device 2, including conveying funnel 201, delivery cylinder 202, conveying slideway 203, positioned at the left front of vehicle Side;
Funnel 201 is conveyed, top is section inverted trapezoidal, bottom is round, round leak connection delivery cylinder 202;Fall along Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim Direction is fallen, trapezoidal funnel is a small slope, buffers the gravitational thrusts of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim, avoids Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim broken.
Delivery cylinder 202, it is vertically-mounted for cylinder, there are 3 elastic plates 204, elastic plate inclination peace in cylinder interior Dress slowly, orderly conveys convenient for Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim.
Slideway 203 is conveyed, for semicircle, in complete machine main view direction, is connect with the left semicircle of cylindrical barrel bottom, it will Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim is delivered directly in crushing device.
Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device 8 connect with Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying slideway, is mainly stirred by cabinet and one positioned at the right back of vehicle Mix the composition of axis 801;Iron rod is uniformly installed on agitating shaft 801, stirs brokenly Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim convenient for rotation.
Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator, mainly includes twice separator, and first of separator mainly includes semicircle big Screen mesh 903, sleeve 901, agitating plate 1, second separator mainly include cylinder-shaped small 904 net of hole sizer, agitating plate 2 908.
First of separator connects Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device and is equipped with feed inlet 1, positioned at second separator Surface, in vehicle main view direction, inclination installation by a small margin, left low and right high.Sleeve 901 is mounted on semicircle macropore sieve One rectangle discharge port 906 is arranged at 903 outside, bottom, and the charging of second separator is entered convenient for the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed after separation In mouth 2 907.
Second separator, positioned at the underface of first of separator, right low left high inclination installation, mainly by cylinder The small screen mesh 904 of shape, agitating plate 2 908 form, the top of small screen mesh 904, the sleeve opposite side with first of separator To having a rectangle feed inlet 2 907, convenient for by screening isolated Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed entrance for the first time.
The Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separated flows out Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim cropper through discharge port 10.
Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim enters in Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device through base of a fruit clipping apparatus, conveying device, under the action of broken melon agitating shaft, is broken It is broken into melon skin, melon pulp, melon seeds;
By feed inlet one, into the sleeve of first of separator of separator, under the Stirring of agitating plate, quilt It is further separated into the smaller melon skin of shape, melon pulp, melon seeds, melon pulp is stirred into liquid;
Due to the sleeve left low and right high installation of first of separator, is separated by semicircle macropore the screen to filtrate, stay in sieve Melon skin above is stirred plate rotation and throws away on the right side of sleeve, enters second separator by the melon pulp of sieve, melon seeds;
Under the action of small screen mesh and agitating plate, the melon pulp of entrance is stirred into liquid, flows out from the hole of small screen mesh; Melon seeds stays in sieve, and since small screen mesh right low left high is installed, melon seeds, which is rotated, to be taken on the right side of small screen mesh, from discharge port stream It is collected out.
Specifically, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim enters back into conveying through delivery cylinder into conveying funnel after bar shaped saw cut device cuts off melon vine Slideway falls into Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim and is crushed case, and Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim skin, flesh, subflow enter first of separator, the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim after separation after agitated axis is broken Flesh seed enters second separator and further separates again, and Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim seed is most flowed out through discharge port afterwards.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications Also it should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim, which is characterized in that including a running gear and Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system;
The running gear includes vehicle frame, traveling wheel and power and transmission system;
The Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system includes muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device, Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device, melon pulp seed separation dress It sets, bracket and discharge port;
The bracket is connected on the vehicle frame and is used to support the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing system;
The muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus, positioned at the surface of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device;Including bar shaped saw cut device and dial melon device;
The Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device is connected to upwards below the muskmelon pedicel clipping apparatus, is connected to the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device downwards;
The coupled logical melon pulp seed separator is arranged below in the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device;
The melon pulp seed separator has discharge port.
2. as described in claim 1 for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim, which is characterized in that
The Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device includes that conveying funnel, delivery cylinder and conveying slideway, the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device are located at vehicle Left front;
The top of the conveying funnel is inverted trapezoidal, and the bottom of the conveying funnel is circle, the round leakage of the conveying funnel Mouth is connected to the delivery cylinder;
The conveying slideway is semicylindrical body, the left semicircle of the conveying slideway and the cylindrical barrel bottom of the delivery cylinder The outlet of connection, the conveying slideway is connected with the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device import.
3. as described in claim 1 for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim, which is characterized in that the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim crushing device is located at whole The right back of vehicle connect with the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim conveying device conveying slideway, is made of cabinet and an agitating shaft;It is described to stir It mixes and iron rod is uniformly installed on axis.
4. as described in claim 1 for harvesting the cropper of Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim, which is characterized in that the Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed separator, Including twice separator, i.e. first of separator and second separator;
First of separator includes semicircle macropore sieve, sleeve, agitating plate one,
First of separator and it is equipped with feed inlet one, positioned at the surface of the second separator, in the left low right side High dip installation;The sleeve is mounted on the outside of semicircle macropore sieve, and a rectangle discharge port is arranged at the bottom of the sleeve, point Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Manim flesh seed from after enters in second separator;
Second separator includes cylinder-shaped small screen mesh and agitating plate two,
Positioned at the underface of first of separator, in right low left high inclination installation, the top of the small screen mesh and described the The sleeve relative direction of one of separator is equipped with a rectangle feed inlet two, wherein the rectangle feed inlet two and described first The rectangle discharge port of road separator is connected.
CN201811151507.1A 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A harvester for gathering trichosanthes kirilowii Active CN108990514B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6188865A (en) * 1984-10-09 1986-05-07 Nippon Deetsu Shokuhin Kk Continuous production of fruit juice such as data, or the like
CN103329685A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-10-02 甘肃靖远正生籽瓜科技有限公司 Seed melon crushing seed-taking machine
CN106171288A (en) * 2016-09-30 2016-12-07 桂林实力科技有限公司 A kind of Fructus Momordicae picker
CN206948937U (en) * 2017-04-30 2018-02-02 惠州市锦恒工业模具设计合伙企业(普通合伙) A kind of back of the body formula potyvirus harvester

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6188865A (en) * 1984-10-09 1986-05-07 Nippon Deetsu Shokuhin Kk Continuous production of fruit juice such as data, or the like
CN103329685A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-10-02 甘肃靖远正生籽瓜科技有限公司 Seed melon crushing seed-taking machine
CN106171288A (en) * 2016-09-30 2016-12-07 桂林实力科技有限公司 A kind of Fructus Momordicae picker
CN206948937U (en) * 2017-04-30 2018-02-02 惠州市锦恒工业模具设计合伙企业(普通合伙) A kind of back of the body formula potyvirus harvester

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