CN103348815A - Machine for harvesting corn, peeling corn husks and separating straws, and working method of machine - Google Patents

Machine for harvesting corn, peeling corn husks and separating straws, and working method of machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103348815A
CN103348815A CN2013102630881A CN201310263088A CN103348815A CN 103348815 A CN103348815 A CN 103348815A CN 2013102630881 A CN2013102630881 A CN 2013102630881A CN 201310263088 A CN201310263088 A CN 201310263088A CN 103348815 A CN103348815 A CN 103348815A
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corn
peeling
elevator
snapped
husker
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CN103348815B (en
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华新生
田明德
黄洪星
赵士峰
任淼
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Shandong Tralin Paper Co Ltd
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Shandong Tralin Paper Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a machine for harvesting corn, peeling corn husks and separating straws. The machine comprises a vehicle body, a corn header, a corncob elevator, a stem conveying device, a straw, a husk and pulp separation device and a corn storage bunker, and is characterized by further comprising a corn husker, wherein the corncob elevator comprises a first corncob elevator and a second corncob elevator, the first corncob elevator is connected with a corncob picking header and the corn husker, and the second corncob elevator is connected with the corn husker and the corn storage bunker. The invention further relates to a working method of the machine for harvesting corn, peeling corn husks and separating straws. According to the machine for harvesting corn, peeling corn husks and separating straws, and the working method of the machine, an elevating mechanism of a corn harvester is improved, the corn husker is added, and a mounting structure of a traditional corn husker is improved, so that the harvested corn can be further processed after separated from the straws, then the harvested corn is put in storage, and the labor intensity during field operation in the corn picking period is greatly reduced.

Description

A kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator and method of work thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator and method of work thereof, belong to the technical field of agricultural machinery.
Background technology
The corn picker of present stage adopts and receives separately the also method in field of fringe or receipts fringe and corn straw smashing.Be used as fertilizer behind the general corn straw smashing, but maize straw is divided into stalk crust, flesh, several parts of leaf, wherein flesh, leaf can be used as soil fertilizer after rotting, and the main component of crust is fiber, the rotten time that needs is long and can not improve soil, thereby corn straw smashing also Tian Houyi causes loosening of soil to reduce the storage capacity of soil, so with the corn straw smashing method in field also, maize straw is not fully utilized and agricultural production is caused certain negative effect.And maize straw can be used as paper making raw material, if maize straw crust, flesh and leaf separated and do dryness in the sun and process after classified use, the value of maize straw will further improve.
Demand for prior art, Chinese patent literature CN102972151A discloses reaping corn, stalk seperator and harvesting method, wherein said grain header combines reaping corn, stalk separation, the guarantor who has not only guaranteed corn measures harvesting, also annex simultaneously the technique effect to the ectonexine separation of maize straw, the value of maize straw will further be improved.But the grain header of putting down in writing in this patent documentation can not carry out effectively peeling to corncob to be processed.
Chinese patent literature CN200966239 discloses a kind of hanging-connecting corn picker with debarker, this grain header comprises tractor, the tractor front portion is connected with the ceding of Taiwan with suspension, between ceding of Taiwan rear portion and the tractor front end transverse auger is arranged, there is elevator on the tractor right side, the elevator front end links to each other with screw feeder, the elevator rear end is the fruit ear outlet, there is fruit-ear box the top, rear portion of tractor, the rear portion of tractor, the following of fruit-ear box is connected with straw cutting apparatus with hanger bracket, there is the pair roller type corn husker top of fruit-ear box, the entrance of pair roller type corn husker is below the outlet of elevator fruit ear, there is vibratory sieve the corn husker below, the hanger bracket of the ceding of Taiwan, be connected with hydraulic system, the ceding of Taiwan between the hanger bracket of fruit-ear box elevate a turnable ladder frame and straw cutting apparatus and the tractor hydraulic pump, screw feeder, the elevator end, be connected with transmission device between the power intake of corn husker and straw cutting apparatus and the tractor motive power output shaft.This patent documentation technical deficiency in actual applications is, this grain header can only gather in and peeling for corn, but maize straw do not carried out separating treatment, can not realize the returning to field ecologically of maize straw.Simultaneously, corn husker integral body described in this patent documentation is the rear that larger angle of inclination is arranged on described grain header, and in actual applications, when described harvesting corn quantity increases, described corncob can be because of Action of Gravity Field, not by effective peeling, just directly enter to fruit-ear box along the pair roller type corn husker, and then affect the technique effect of corn peeling.
Chinese patent literature CN202210960U discloses a kind of corn picker, comprises frame, is contained in driver's cabin, corn husker on the frame, plucks excellent roller, stalk is put the heap control device, collection silo, elevator.The clamping chain that heart or peach-shaped holding piece are housed is established in ceding of Taiwan both sides, and the clamping chain rear end is established and plucked excellent roller, and all are plucked plucking on the rod section of excellent roller and are welded with the rhombus iron bar, wherein consist of the roller bottom of plucking excellent roller two outsides and are welded with the spirally-guided muscle.Pluck whole of maize straw behind the rod and place stalk and put on the heap platform, put the heap control device by stalk and regularly stalk in stack is placed in the corn field furrow, corn ear is sent into corn husker through elevator, enters the collection tanker through peeling, and regularly upset collection silo is entrucked and carried away.Set corn husker also is the rear portion that is inclined at grain header in this patent documentation, it is larger that it is obliquely installed angle, in actual applications, when described harvesting corn quantity increases, described corncob can be because of Action of Gravity Field, not by effective peeling, just directly enter the collection silo, and then affect the technique effect of corn peeling.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator.
The present invention also provides the method for work of a kind of above-mentioned reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator.
Technical program of the present invention lies in:
" front " described in the present invention and " afterwards ", take the headstock direction of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator as " front ", tailstock direction is " afterwards ".
A kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, comprise car body, corn harvesting bench, snapped-corn elevator, defeated stem device, straw skin flesh separator and corn warehouse, it is characterized in that, described reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator also comprise corn husker;
Described corn harvesting bench is positioned at Vehicular body front, comprises the ear picking cutting table used for harvesting corn and be positioned at being used for the receipts stem ceding of Taiwan of cutting off and collecting maize straw below the described ear picking cutting table;
Described defeated stem device, for delivery of maize straw, the front portion of described defeated stem device is connected with the ceding of Taiwan of described receipts stem, and the rear portion of described defeated stem device links to each other with described straw skin flesh separator;
Described straw skin flesh separator, the skin flesh that is used for maize straw separates;
Described snapped-corn elevator is used for corncob is transported to corn husker and corn warehouse successively;
Described corn warehouse is positioned at the rear portion of car body, is used for the corncob after the splendid attire peeling.
Preferred according to the present invention, described snapped-corn elevator comprises multistage snapped-corn elevator.
Preferred according to the present invention, described snapped-corn elevator comprises the two-stage snapped-corn elevator, i.e. the first snapped-corn elevator and the second snapped-corn elevator, described the first snapped-corn elevator connects ear picking cutting table and corn husker, and described the second snapped-corn elevator connects corn husker and described corn warehouse.
Preferred according to the present invention, described the first snapped-corn elevator bottom is installed in the ear picking cutting table place, the top of the first snapped-corn elevator is installed in the porch of corn husker, be used for the corncob of ear picking cutting table results is delivered to the porch of corn husker, to carry out next step corn peeling operation; Wherein the bottom of the second snapped-corn elevator is installed in the exit of corn husker, and the top of the second snapped-corn elevator is installed in the top of corn warehouse, is used for being transported to the corn warehouse at the corncob that corn husker divests bract.The purpose that the present invention is designed with the two-stage elevator is: corncob peeling operation is separated fully with the corncob recovery process, guarantee the peeling rate of corncob, prevent that snap corn is without peeling, just sneak into the corn warehouse under action of gravitation, increase the further effect of processing of corncob, reduced the amount of labour of follow-up artificial screening.
Preferred according to the present invention, at the apical position of described the first snapped-corn elevator and above described corn husker, be provided with fan.The advantage of design is herein: fan herein is installed in the top of corn husker, during work, maize leaves and the bract of sneaking into corncob blown out corn husker, directly fall into the field, reduce the assorted leaf content of collecting corncob, reduced the intensity of follow-up artificial screening.Because dry corn leaf may together be taken with corncob on snapping bar, fail to enter defeated stem device, but enter in the corn husker by snapped-corn elevator; The bract that divests may and in time do not enter below the rubber peeling rollers corn husker when work in addition, but mix with corncob, for avoiding the top provided with fan that is mingled in corn husker of corncob and above-mentioned assorted leaf, its power is provided by the sprocket wheel on the corn husker, during work, the wind-force that produces by rotating fan blows out corn husker with corn leaf and bract, falls into the field.
Preferred according to the present invention, described reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator also comprise husker sheller, and described husker sheller is installed between described corn husker and the corn warehouse; Described snapped-corn elevator comprises three grades of snapped-corn elevators; i.e. the first snapped-corn elevator, the second snapped-corn elevator and the 3rd snapped-corn elevator; described the first snapped-corn elevator connects ear picking cutting table and corn husker; described the second snapped-corn elevator connects corn husker and husker sheller, and described the 3rd snapped-corn elevator connects husker sheller and described corn warehouse.
Preferred according to the present invention, described the first snapped-corn elevator bottom is installed in the ear picking cutting table place, the top of the first snapped-corn elevator is installed in the porch of corn husker, be used for the corncob of ear picking cutting table results is delivered to the porch of corn husker, to carry out next step corn peeling operation; Wherein the bottom of the second snapped-corn elevator is installed in the exit of corn husker; the top of the second snapped-corn elevator is installed in the top of husker sheller; described husker sheller is used for the corncob after the peeling is carried out threshing; the bottom of the 3rd snapped-corn elevator be installed in described husker sheller discharging opening; the top of described the 3rd snapped-corn elevator is installed in the top of corn warehouse, and the iblet that is used for threshing is gone out is transported to the corn warehouse.
Preferred according to the present invention, at the apical position of described the first snapped-corn elevator and above described corn husker, be provided with fan.
Preferred according to the present invention, described corn husker comprises many groups peeling unit that the isoplanar is arranged side by side and be provided with screw feeder below the peeling unit, axial end along described peeling unit is the entrance of corn husker, is the outlet of corn husker along the axial other end of described peeling unit; Described peeling unit comprises peeling steel rod and peeling rubber roll, described peeling steel rod and peeling rubber roll are oppositely arranged, during peeling, described peeling steel rod and peeling rubber roll difference direction are towards each other rotated, with with the made from bracteal leaf of corn entrainment between peeling steel rod and the peeling rubber roll, utilize the rotation of two rollers that made from bracteal leaf of corn is left behind from the gap between two rollers, realize the effective separation of corncob and made from bracteal leaf of corn.The made from bracteal leaf of corn that peels is fallen in the screw feeder of below, peeling unit, by screw feeder bract is discharged.
Preferred according to the present invention, the quantity of described peeling unit is 8 groups.
Preferred according to the present invention, described peeling steel rod comprises roll body, is provided with the screw thread steel of projection on the roll body surface; Described peeling rubber roll comprises roll body, is coated with rubber layer on the surface of roll body, is provided with rubber convex on the surface of rubber layer stupefied.The advantage of design is herein, peeling steel rod and peeling rubber roll relatively rotate, because the peeling steel rod is different to the grasp force of corncob with the peeling rubber roll, so that corncob rotation, simultaneously the corncob that bract is arranged between two rollers is subject to counterrotating tangential grip and bract is caught peels, and bract is left behind from the gap between two rollers.Be provided with the screw thread steel of projection on the roll body surface, corncob is carried to outlet by entrance.
Preferred according to the present invention, above described peeling unit and along perpendicular to the peeling unit shaft to direction be provided with the compressing wheel power transmission shaft that compressing wheel is installed, described compressing wheel power transmission shaft driving compressing wheel clockwise rotates to the Way out of corn husker, be used for corncob is dialed to the outlet of corn husker from the corn husker entrance, until dial in the bottom of described the second snapped-corn elevator.The advantage of design is herein, and the compressing wheel power transmission shaft that compressing wheel is installed can be pressed in corncob on peeling steel rod and the peeling rubber roll, and increase rubs and do not beat, and is beneficial to peeling; The described compressing wheel power transmission shaft that compressing wheel is installed makes corncob be pulled over to outlet by the entrance of corn husker on the other hand.
Preferred according to the present invention, the angular range of described corn husker and horizontal plane: 0-6 °.The advantage of design is herein: the present invention adopts the small skew angle or is horizontally disposed with corn husker, avoids unpeeled corncob directly to roll into the second snapped-corn elevator, improves the peeling effect to corncob.
Preferred according to the present invention, described ear picking cutting table comprises many group harvesting unit, and every group of harvesting unit comprises ear picking cutting table base plate, ceding of Taiwan guard shield, the rice-pulling chain of installing and snapping bar in ceding of Taiwan guard shield, form the harvesting passage between the harvesting unit of adjacent setting.
Preferred according to the present invention, described ear picking cutting table comprises 5 groups of harvesting unit, forms 4 harvesting passages.
Preferred according to the present invention, be provided with rod righting device at the front end of described ceding of Taiwan guard shield, arrange angular extensions alpha=130-150 ° between described rod righting device and the described ear picking cutting table base plate.The effect that designs rod righting device herein is to prevent that the front end of ear picking cutting table from inserting ground, avoids the ear picking cutting table front portion impaired, and described rod righting device also has and props up the stalk of toppling over and make it enter the effect of receiving the stem ceding of Taiwan.
Preferred according to the present invention, described rod righting device comprise that two are mutually the main reinforcements that angle arranges, the angular range between described two main reinforcements: β=30-45 °.The effect of design herein is, saves cost, is convenient to safeguard.
Preferred according to the present invention, also be provided with an auxiliary reinforcing bar in comprising between two main reinforcements that are mutually the angle setting of described rod righting device.The effect of design herein is, has increased the working strength of described rod righting device, avoids bending.
Preferred according to the present invention, be fixedly installed one across the lever of described harvesting passage on the top of ear picking cutting table.The effect of described pin is to stop maize straw directly to enter in the first corn elevator, makes maize straw enter straw skin flesh separator by the ceding of Taiwan of receipts stem, defeated stem device.
The ceding of Taiwan of described receipts stem, defeated stem device, straw skin flesh separator all can adopt prior art, referring to Chinese patent literature CN102972151A.
A kind of method of work such as above-mentioned reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator comprises that step is as follows:
1) angle on adjustment corn harvesting bench and ground and height: adjusting the base plate of the described receipts stem ceding of Taiwan and the altitude range on ground is 8-10cm, and the angle of receiving the stem ceding of Taiwan and ear picking cutting table is 10 °-15 °; Snapping bar on the described ear picking cutting table is taken corncob from upright maize straw, described pin stops maize straw directly to enter in the first corn elevator;
2) corncob enters corn husker through the first snapped-corn elevator and carries out peeling; Cut off and enter into defeated stem device by the receipts stem screw feeder of receiving in the stem ceding of Taiwan by the stem ceding of Taiwan by receiving for stalk simultaneously;
3) stalk is delivered to cut flow roller by the chain harrow assembly in the defeated stem device with the stalk that cuts off; Simultaneously, entered into the second corn elevator by the corncob after the peeling along the outlet of corn husker, finally fall into the corn warehouse;
4) stalk is thrown into maize straw skin flesh separator by cut flow roller, by the axial-flow type drum of maize straw skin flesh separator and the effect of sieve maize straw is torn, and is divided into the stalk crust of fine strip shape, irregular block flesh and scutellate blade;
5) irregular block flesh and scutellate blade are fallen by the hole of sieve, distribute screw feeder that it is delivered to the shake sieve plate at car body rear by the first distribution screw feeder and second, and flesh and blade are discharged along the rear of car body by the shake effect of bottom fan and travelling sieve;
6) the stalk crust of fine strip shape is broken up rear discharge by the straw skin dispersal device, fulfils assignment.
Preferred according to the present invention, in step 3), the corncob after the described peeling enters described husker sheller along the second corn elevator, and the iblet after threshing is transported to described corn warehouse through the 3rd corn elevator.
The technology of the present invention is complicated, and specification only describes in detail technical essential of the present invention, and specification does not describe part in detail all can adopt prior art.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. the elevating mechanism that the present invention is directed to corn picker improves; corn husker and husker sheller have been increased; improve the mounting structure of traditional corn husker; warehouse-in just after can also further being processed after making the corn of gathering and stalk separating greatly reduces the labour intensity of corn picking period farm work.
2. the present invention's purpose of being designed with multistage elevator is: corncob peeling operation is separated fully with the corncob recovery process, guarantee the peeling rate of corncob, prevent that snap corn is without peeling, just sneak into the corn warehouse under action of gravitation, increase the further effect of processing of corncob, reduced the amount of labour of follow-up artificial screening.
3. the present invention also carries out technological improvement to traditional corn husker: peeling steel rod and peeling rubber roll relatively rotate, because the peeling steel rod is different to the grasp force of corncob with the peeling rubber roll, so that corncob rotation, simultaneously the corncob that bract is arranged between two rollers is subject to counterrotating tangential grip and bract is caught peels, and bract is left behind from the gap between two rollers.Be provided with the screw thread steel of projection on the roll body surface, corncob is carried to outlet by entrance.The compressing wheel power transmission shaft that employing is equipped with compressing wheel can be pressed in corncob on peeling steel rod and the peeling rubber roll, and increase rubs and do not beat, and is beneficial to peeling; The described compressing wheel power transmission shaft that compressing wheel is installed makes corncob be pulled over to outlet by the entrance of corn husker on the other hand.
4. the present invention carries out machine rebuilding to the front portion of ear picking cutting table, and having set up and having held up stalk device, its effect is to prevent that the front end of ear picking cutting table from inserting ground, avoid the ear picking cutting table front portion impaired, and described centralizer also has the effect that the stalk of toppling over enters the ceding of Taiwan of propping up.
5. the present invention is according to the needs of producing, and designed to comprise 5 groups of harvesting unit, forms the ear picking cutting tables of 4 harvesting passages, and it is for harvest capacity being improved, make the output increase, reducing work hours that the quantity that has increased the harvesting passage arranges many harvesting passages.
6. the present invention is fixedly installed one across the lever of described harvesting passage on the top of ear picking cutting table.The effect of described pin is to stop maize straw directly to enter in the first corn elevator, makes maize straw enter straw skin flesh separator by the ceding of Taiwan of receipts stem, defeated stem device.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the end view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the cutaway view of receiving the stem ceding of Taiwan and defeated stem device among the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view of ear picking cutting table among the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of corn husker among the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the vertical view of rod righting device;
Fig. 7 is the end view of rod righting device;
In Fig. 1-7,1 ', ear picking cutting table, 2 ', receive the stem ceding of Taiwan, 3 ', defeated stem device, the 4 ', first snapped-corn elevator, 5 ', fan, 6 ', corn husker, 7 ', corn warehouse, 8 ', the straw skin dispersal device, 9 ', anti-block apparatus, 10 ', pin, 11 ', rod righting device, 12 ', straw skin flesh separator, the 13 ', second snapped-corn elevator;
21, peeling steel rod, 22, the peeling rubber roll, 23, the compressing wheel power transmission shaft, 24, compressing wheel; 31, ceding of Taiwan guard shield, 32, rice-pulling chain, 33, snapping bar, 34, the ear picking cutting table base plate; 35, harvesting passage; 36, main reinforcement, 37, auxiliary reinforcing bar;
A, receipts stem screw feeder, b, chain harrow assembly, c, cut flow roller, d, axial-flow type drum, e, sieve, f, shake sieve plate, g, first distributes screw feeder, and h, second distributes screw feeder, i, bottom fan.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with embodiment and Figure of description the present invention is described in detail, but is not limited to this.
Shown in Fig. 1-7." front " described in the present invention and " afterwards ", take the headstock direction of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator as " front ", tailstock direction is " afterwards ".The ceding of Taiwan of described receipts stem, defeated stem device, straw skin flesh separator all can adopt prior art, referring to Chinese patent literature CN102972151A.
Embodiment 1,
A kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, comprise car body, corn harvesting bench, snapped-corn elevator, defeated stem device 3 ', straw skin flesh separator 12 ' and corn warehouse 7 ', it is characterized in that, described reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator also comprise corn husker 6 ';
Described corn harvesting bench is positioned at Vehicular body front, comprises the ear picking cutting table 1 ' of using for harvesting corn and be positioned at being used for the receipts stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' of cutting off and collecting maize straw below the described ear picking cutting table;
Described defeated stem device 3 ', for delivery of maize straw, the front portion of described defeated stem device 3 ' is connected with the described receipts stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ', and the rear portion of described defeated stem device 3 ' links to each other with described straw skin flesh separator 12 ';
Described straw skin flesh separator 12 ', the skin flesh that is used for maize straw separates;
Described corn warehouse 7 ' is positioned at the rear portion of car body, is used for the corncob after the splendid attire peeling;
Described snapped-corn elevator comprises the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' and the second snapped-corn elevator 13 ', described the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' connects ear picking cutting table 1 ' and corn husker 6 ', and described the second snapped-corn elevator 13 ' connects corn husker 6 ' and described corn warehouse 7 '.
Described the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' bottom is installed in the ear picking cutting table place, the top of the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' is installed in the porch of corn husker 6 ', be used for the corncob of ear picking cutting table 1 ' results is delivered to the porch of corn husker 6 ', to carry out next step corn peeling operation; Wherein the bottom of the second snapped-corn elevator 13 ' is installed in the exit of corn husker 6 ', the top of the second snapped-corn elevator 13 ' is installed in the top of corn warehouse 7 ', is used for being transported to corn warehouse 7 ' at the corncob that corn husker 6 ' divests bract.
Described corn husker 6 ' comprises 8 groups of peeling unit that the isoplanar is arranged side by side and be provided with screw feeder below the peeling unit, axial end along described peeling unit is the entrance of corn husker, is the outlet of corn husker along the axial other end of described peeling unit; Described peeling unit comprises peeling steel rod 21 and peeling rubber roll 22, described peeling steel rod 21 and peeling rubber roll 22 are oppositely arranged, during peeling, described peeling steel rod 21 and peeling rubber roll 22 difference direction are towards each other rotated, with with the made from bracteal leaf of corn entrainment between peeling steel rod 21 and the peeling rubber roll 22, utilize the rotation of two rollers that made from bracteal leaf of corn is left behind from the gap between two rollers, realize the effective separation of corncob and made from bracteal leaf of corn.The made from bracteal leaf of corn that peels is fallen in the screw feeder of below, peeling unit, by screw feeder bract is discharged.
The angle of described corn husker 6 ' and horizontal plane: 5 °.
Described ear picking cutting table 1 ' comprises 5 groups of harvesting unit, and every group of harvesting unit comprise ear picking cutting table base plate 34, ceding of Taiwan guard shield 31, at rice-pulling chain 32 and the snapping bar 33 of the 31 interior installations of ceding of Taiwan guard shield, forms between the harvesting unit of adjacent setting to receive 4 and cut passage 35.
Embodiment 2,
As described in Example 1 a kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, its difference are, are provided with fan 5 ' at the apical position of described the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' and in described corn husker 6 ' top.
Embodiment 3,
As described in Example 1 a kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, its difference be, described peeling steel rod 21 comprises roll body, is provided with the screw thread steel of projection on the roll body surface; Described peeling rubber roll 22 comprises roll body, is coated with rubber layer on the surface of roll body, is provided with rubber convex on the surface of rubber layer stupefied.
Embodiment 4,
As described in Example 3 a kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, its difference be, the angle of described corn husker and horizontal plane is: 0 °, be and be horizontally disposed with.Above described peeling unit and along perpendicular to the peeling unit shaft to direction be provided with the compressing wheel power transmission shaft 23 that compressing wheel 24 is installed, described compressing wheel power transmission shaft 23 driving compressing wheel 24 clockwise rotate to the Way out of corn husker 6 ', be used for corncob is dialed to the outlet of corn husker 6 ' from corn husker 6 ' entrance, until dial in the bottom of described the second snapped-corn elevator 13 '.
Embodiment 5,
As described in Example 1 a kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, its difference is, front end at described ceding of Taiwan guard shield 31 is provided with rod righting device 11 ', between described rod righting device 11 ' and the described ear picking cutting table base plate 34 angular extensions alpha=130 °-150 ° is set.
Embodiment 6,
As described in Example 5 a kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, its difference is, described rod righting device 11 ' comprise that two are mutually the main reinforcements 36 that angle arranges, the angular range between described two main reinforcements 36: β=30-45 ° also is provided with an auxiliary reinforcing bar 37 in comprising between two main reinforcements that are mutually the angle setting of described rod righting device 11 '.
Embodiment 7,
As described in Example 1 a kind of reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, its difference is, is fixedly installed one across the lever 10 ' of described harvesting passage on the top of ear picking cutting table 1 '.
Embodiment 8,
A kind of method of work such as reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator as described in the embodiment 1-7 comprises that step is as follows:
1) angle on adjustment corn harvesting bench and ground and height: adjusting the base plate of the described receipts stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' and the altitude range on ground is 8-10cm, and the angle of receiving the stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' and ear picking cutting table 1 ' is 10 °-15 °; Snapping bar 33 on the described ear picking cutting table 1 ' is taken corncob from upright maize straw, described pin 10 ' stops maize straw directly to enter in the first corn elevator 4 ';
2) corncob enters corn husker 6 ' through the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' and carries out peeling; Cut off and enter into defeated stem device 3 ' by the receipts stem screw feeder a that receives in the stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' by the stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' by receiving for stalk simultaneously;
3) stalk is delivered to cut flow roller c by the chain harrow assembly b in the defeated stem device 3 ' with the stalk that cuts off; Simultaneously, entered into the second corn elevator 13 ' by the corncob after the peeling along the outlet of corn husker 6 ', finally fall into corn warehouse 7 ';
4) stalk is thrown into maize straw skin flesh separator 12 ' by cut flow roller c, by the axial-flow type drum d of maize straw skin flesh separator 12 ' and the effect of sieve e maize straw is torn, be divided into the stalk crust of fine strip shape, irregular block flesh and scutellate blade;
5) irregular block flesh and scutellate blade are fallen by the hole of sieve e, distribute screw feeder g and second to distribute screw feeder h that it is delivered to the shake sieve plate f at car body rear by first, flesh and blade are discharged along the rear of car body by the shake effect of bottom fan i and travelling sieve;
6) the stalk crust of fine strip shape is broken up rear discharge by the straw skin dispersal device, fulfils assignment.
Embodiment 9,
Such as the described a kind of reaping corn of embodiment 1-7, peeling, stalk seperator, its difference is, described reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator also comprise husker sheller, and described husker sheller is installed between described corn husker 6 ' and the corn warehouse 7 '; Described snapped-corn elevator comprises three grades of snapped-corn elevators; i.e. the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ', the second snapped-corn elevator 13 ' and the 3rd snapped-corn elevator; described the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' connects ear picking cutting table 1 ' and corn husker 6 '; described the second snapped-corn elevator 13 ' connects corn husker 6 ' and husker sheller, and described the 3rd snapped-corn elevator connects husker sheller and described corn warehouse 7 '.
Described the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' bottom is installed in ear picking cutting table 1 ' and locates, the top of the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' is installed in the porch of corn husker 6 ', be used for the corncob of ear picking cutting table 1 ' results is delivered to the porch of corn husker 6 ', to carry out next step corn peeling operation; Wherein the bottom of the second snapped-corn elevator 13 ' is installed in the exit of corn husker 6 '; the top of the second snapped-corn elevator 13 ' is installed in the top of husker sheller; described husker sheller is used for the corncob after the peeling is carried out threshing; the bottom of the 3rd snapped-corn elevator be installed in described husker sheller discharging opening; the top of described the 3rd snapped-corn elevator is installed in the top of corn warehouse 7 ', and the iblet that is used for threshing is gone out is transported to the corn warehouse.
Embodiment 10,
The method of work of a kind of as described in Example 9 reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator comprises that step is as follows:
1) angle on adjustment corn harvesting bench and ground and height: adjusting the base plate of the described receipts stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' and the altitude range on ground is 8-10cm, and the angle of receiving the stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' and ear picking cutting table 1 ' is 10 °-15 °; Snapping bar 33 on the described ear picking cutting table 1 ' is taken corncob from upright maize straw, described pin 10 ' stops maize straw directly to enter in the first corn elevator 4 ';
2) corncob enters corn husker 6 ' through the first snapped-corn elevator 4 ' and carries out peeling; Cut off and enter into defeated stem device 3 ' by the receipts stem screw feeder a that receives in the stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' by the stem ceding of Taiwan 2 ' by receiving for stalk simultaneously;
3) stalk is delivered to cut flow roller c by the chain harrow assembly b in the defeated stem device 3 ' with the stalk that cuts off; Simultaneously, entered into the second corn elevator 13 ' by the corncob after the peeling along the outlet of corn husker 6 ', corncob after the described peeling enters described husker sheller along the second corn elevator 13 ', and the iblet after threshing is transported to described corn warehouse 7 ' through the 3rd corn elevator; Finally fall into corn warehouse 7 ';
4) stalk is thrown into maize straw skin flesh separator 12 ' by cut flow roller c, by the axial-flow type drum d of maize straw skin flesh separator 12 ' and the effect of sieve e maize straw is torn, be divided into the stalk crust of fine strip shape, irregular block flesh and scutellate blade;
5) irregular block flesh and scutellate blade are fallen by the hole of sieve e, distribute screw feeder g and second to distribute screw feeder h that it is delivered to the shake sieve plate f at car body rear by first, flesh and blade are discharged along the rear of car body by the shake effect of bottom fan and travelling sieve;
6) the stalk crust of fine strip shape is broken up rear discharge by the straw skin dispersal device, fulfils assignment.

Claims (12)

1. a reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator, comprise car body, corn harvesting bench, snapped-corn elevator, defeated stem device, straw skin flesh separator and corn warehouse, it is characterized in that, described reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator also comprise corn husker; Described corn harvesting bench is positioned at Vehicular body front, comprises the ear picking cutting table used for harvesting corn and be positioned at being used for the receipts stem ceding of Taiwan of cutting off and collecting maize straw below the described ear picking cutting table; Described defeated stem device, for delivery of maize straw, the front portion of described defeated stem device is connected with the ceding of Taiwan of described receipts stem, and the rear portion of described defeated stem device links to each other with described straw skin flesh separator;
Described straw skin flesh separator, the skin flesh that is used for maize straw separates; Described snapped-corn elevator is used for corncob is transported to corn husker and corn warehouse successively; Described corn warehouse is positioned at the rear portion of car body, is used for the corncob after the splendid attire peeling.
2. a kind of reaping corn according to claim 1, peeling, stalk seperator is characterized in that, described snapped-corn elevator comprises multistage snapped-corn elevator; Preferably, described snapped-corn elevator comprises the two-stage snapped-corn elevator, i.e. the first snapped-corn elevator and the second snapped-corn elevator, described the first snapped-corn elevator connects ear picking cutting table and corn husker, and described the second snapped-corn elevator connects corn husker and described corn warehouse; Described the first snapped-corn elevator bottom is installed in the ear picking cutting table place, the top of the first snapped-corn elevator is installed in the porch of corn husker, be used for the corncob of ear picking cutting table results is delivered to the porch of corn husker, to carry out next step corn peeling operation; Wherein the bottom of the second snapped-corn elevator is installed in the exit of corn husker, and the top of the second snapped-corn elevator is installed in the top of corn warehouse, is used for being transported to the corn warehouse at the corncob that corn husker divests bract.
3. a kind of reaping corn according to claim 1, peeling, stalk seperator, it is characterized in that, described reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator also comprise husker sheller, and described husker sheller is installed between described corn husker and the corn warehouse; Described snapped-corn elevator comprises three grades of snapped-corn elevators, i.e. the first snapped-corn elevator, the second snapped-corn elevator and the 3rd snapped-corn elevator, described the first snapped-corn elevator connects ear picking cutting table and corn husker, described the second snapped-corn elevator connects corn husker and husker sheller, and described the 3rd snapped-corn elevator connects husker sheller and described corn warehouse; Described the first snapped-corn elevator bottom is installed in the ear picking cutting table place, the top of the first snapped-corn elevator is installed in the porch of corn husker, be used for the corncob of ear picking cutting table results is delivered to the porch of corn husker, to carry out next step corn peeling operation; Wherein the bottom of the second snapped-corn elevator is installed in the exit of corn husker; the top of the second snapped-corn elevator is installed in the top of husker sheller; described husker sheller is used for the corncob after the peeling is carried out threshing; the bottom of the 3rd snapped-corn elevator be installed in described husker sheller discharging opening; the top of described the 3rd snapped-corn elevator is installed in the top of corn warehouse, and the iblet that is used for threshing is gone out is transported to the corn warehouse.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described a kind of reaping corns, peeling, stalk seperator, it is characterized in that, at the apical position of described the first snapped-corn elevator and above described corn husker, be provided with fan.
5. a kind of reaping corn according to claim 1, peeling, stalk seperator, it is characterized in that, described corn husker comprises many groups peeling unit that the isoplanar is arranged side by side and be provided with screw feeder below the peeling unit, axial end along described peeling unit is the entrance of corn husker, is the outlet of corn husker along the axial other end of described peeling unit; Described peeling unit comprises peeling steel rod and peeling rubber roll, described peeling steel rod and peeling rubber roll are oppositely arranged, during peeling, described peeling steel rod and peeling rubber roll difference direction are towards each other rotated, with with the made from bracteal leaf of corn entrainment between peeling steel rod and the peeling rubber roll, utilize the rotation of two rollers that made from bracteal leaf of corn is left behind from the gap between two rollers, realize the effective separation of corncob and made from bracteal leaf of corn, the made from bracteal leaf of corn that peels is fallen in the screw feeder of below, peeling unit, by screw feeder bract is discharged.
6. a kind of reaping corn according to claim 5, peeling, stalk seperator is characterized in that, the quantity of described peeling unit is 8 groups; Preferably, the angular range of described corn husker and horizontal plane: 0-6 °.
7. a kind of reaping corn according to claim 5, peeling, stalk seperator is characterized in that, described peeling steel rod comprises roll body, is provided with the screw thread steel of projection on the roll body surface; Described peeling rubber roll comprises roll body, is coated with rubber layer on the surface of roll body, is provided with rubber convex on the surface of rubber layer stupefied.
8. a kind of reaping corn according to claim 5, peeling, stalk seperator, it is characterized in that, above described peeling unit and along perpendicular to the peeling unit shaft to direction be provided with the compressing wheel power transmission shaft that compressing wheel is installed, described compressing wheel power transmission shaft driving compressing wheel clockwise rotates to the Way out of corn husker, be used for corncob is dialed to the outlet of corn husker from the corn husker entrance, until dial in the bottom of described the second snapped-corn elevator.
9. a kind of reaping corn according to claim 1, peeling, stalk seperator, it is characterized in that, described ear picking cutting table comprises many group harvesting unit, every group of harvesting unit comprises ear picking cutting table base plate, ceding of Taiwan guard shield, the rice-pulling chain of installing and snapping bar in ceding of Taiwan guard shield, form the harvesting passage between the harvesting unit of adjacent setting.
10. a kind of reaping corn according to claim 9, peeling, stalk seperator is characterized in that, described ear picking cutting table comprises 5 groups of harvesting unit, form 4 harvesting passages; Front end at described ceding of Taiwan guard shield is provided with rod righting device, arranges angular extensions alpha=130-150 ° between described rod righting device and the described ear picking cutting table base plate; Described rod righting device comprise that two are mutually the main reinforcements that angle arranges, the angular range between described two main reinforcements: β=30-45 °; Also be provided with an auxiliary reinforcing bar in comprising between two main reinforcements that are mutually the angle setting of described rod righting device; Be fixedly installed one across the lever of described harvesting passage on the top of ear picking cutting table.
11. the method for work such as reaping corn, peeling, stalk seperator as described in the claim 1-10 is characterized in that, comprises that step is as follows:
1) angle on adjustment corn harvesting bench and ground and height: adjusting the base plate of the described receipts stem ceding of Taiwan and the altitude range on ground is 8-10cm, and the angle of receiving the stem ceding of Taiwan and ear picking cutting table is 10 °-15 °; Snapping bar on the described ear picking cutting table is taken corncob from upright maize straw, described pin stops maize straw directly to enter in the first corn elevator;
2) corncob enters corn husker through the first snapped-corn elevator and carries out peeling; Cut off and enter into defeated stem device by the receipts stem screw feeder of receiving in the stem ceding of Taiwan by the stem ceding of Taiwan by receiving for stalk simultaneously;
3) stalk is delivered to cut flow roller by the chain harrow assembly in the defeated stem device with the stalk that cuts off; Simultaneously, entered into the second corn elevator by the corncob after the peeling along the outlet of corn husker, finally fall into the corn warehouse;
4) stalk is thrown into maize straw skin flesh separator by cut flow roller, by the axial-flow type drum of maize straw skin flesh separator and the effect of sieve maize straw is torn, and is divided into the stalk crust of fine strip shape, irregular block flesh and scutellate blade;
5) irregular block flesh and scutellate blade are fallen by the hole of sieve, distribute screw feeder that it is delivered to the shake sieve plate at car body rear by the first distribution screw feeder and second, and flesh and blade are discharged along the rear of car body by the shake effect of bottom fan and travelling sieve;
6) the stalk crust of fine strip shape is broken up rear discharge by the straw skin dispersal device, fulfils assignment.
12. the method for work of described reaping corn according to claim 11, peeling, stalk seperator; it is characterized in that; in step 3); corncob after the described peeling enters described husker sheller along the second corn elevator, and the iblet after threshing is transported to described corn warehouse through the 3rd corn elevator.
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CN105103780A (en) * 2015-07-25 2015-12-02 郑宇虎 Multi-purpose and no-row combined corn harvester
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CN105103780A (en) * 2015-07-25 2015-12-02 郑宇虎 Multi-purpose and no-row combined corn harvester
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CN113748840A (en) * 2021-10-28 2021-12-07 山东金大丰机械有限公司 Ear picking double-roller, corn harvester header and corn harvester

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