CN104663118A - Pea combine harvester under corn/pea intercropping model - Google Patents

Pea combine harvester under corn/pea intercropping model Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104663118A
CN104663118A CN201510156916.0A CN201510156916A CN104663118A CN 104663118 A CN104663118 A CN 104663118A CN 201510156916 A CN201510156916 A CN 201510156916A CN 104663118 A CN104663118 A CN 104663118A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pea
threshing
corn
containment
straw shift
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Pending
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CN201510156916.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张克平
柴强
刘学文
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Publication date
Application filed by Gansu Agricultural University filed Critical Gansu Agricultural University
Priority to CN201510156916.0A priority Critical patent/CN104663118A/en
Publication of CN104663118A publication Critical patent/CN104663118A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a pea combine harvester under a corn/pea intercropping model. The pea combine harvester is characterized in that a special curved-surface grain lifter is utilized for effectively straightening up lodging peas and preventing a miss cutting phenomenon due to small operating width; a reel safety housing is adopted, so that a reel is prevented from rolling corn leaves during operation to damage corn, and thus, the corn is protected during pea harvesting; a threshing part adopts a flexible threshing roller, so that an original collision threshing manner is changed into a repeated rubbing threshing manner, and the low-damage threshing of peas is realized. The pea combine harvester is simple and light in integral structure, relatively small in size, relatively low in process requirements and low in manufacturing cost.

Description

Peas combine under corn/pea intercropping pattern
one, technical field
The present invention relates to field of agricultural machinery, especially a kind of for the peas combine under corn/pea intercropping pattern.
two, background technology
The combine harvester such as wheat, paddy rice development is in recent years very fast, and technology is ripe day by day, and structure is increasingly rationalized, but the results of pea still do not realize mechanization, and great majority belong to artificial results, and labour intensity is large, and production efficiency is low, and cost is high.Part wheat combine can realize the function gathering in the crops pea, but results effect is poor, and breakage rate is large, threshing is unclean, percentage of impurity is high.
There is the advantage such as symbiotic nitrogen fixation and nitrogen transfer in pulse family and grass family Wheat yield, has the advantages that output high benefit is good, becomes and produce upper main intercropping mode, and corn/pea intercropping is a kind of typical standing grain beans intercropping mode.On calcareous iron deficiency soil, corn and pea intercropping can also improve pea nutrition, improve chlorophyll content and root nodule number, promote pea biological nitrogen fixation, improve pea output.But, under corn/pea intercropping pattern, due to pea maturation time early, harvest operation narrow space, results are substantially by traditional artificial or semi-mechanization operation, and labour intensity is large, production efficiency is low, and tedding during artificial results, to carry the loss brought larger.The mechanical harvest of part, main type is based on traditional Wholly-fed corn combine remodeling machine, although harvest operation can be realized reluctantly, but pea breakage rate is higher in the course of work, the straw shift wheel damage maize leaves rotated, simultaneously the wedge angle of taper nearside divider destroys corn mulch film, causes the underproduction of corn, does not fundamentally solve the problem of pea results under corn/pea intercropping pattern.
three, summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide peas combine under a kind of corn/pea intercropping pattern; this reaping machine can disposablely complete pea under this intercropping mode harvesting, threshing, the multi-mode operation such as be separated and clean; pea seed is cleaned in direct acquisition; simultaneously also field after crushed stalk, and effectively can solve lodging pea and leak and cut phenomenon, protection maize leaves is injury-free; reduce pea percentage of damage; frame for movement is simple, and gait of march is fast, threshing and harvesting efficiency high.
Technical solution of the present invention is: peas combine under a kind of corn/pea intercropping pattern, described reaping machine overall by harvesting part, threshing part, clean part three part and form, described threshing part is positioned at after described harvesting part completely, described in clean part and be positioned at the side of described threshing part.
Above-mentioned reaping part sub-headend is provided with the grain lifter of curve form, and the opposite direction that described curved surface advances along results is in rising trend, and curved surface end is along both sides trace extension size, end and stiff end median curved surface gentle transition.
The straw shift wheel of above-mentioned harvesting part is provided with a straw shift wheel containment, containment two ends are provided with rigidly connected circular hole sleeve pipe, sleeve pipe has coordinated containment in the location of straw shift wheel radial direction with rice crop-poking wheel axis, one side rigid connecting of containment is connected to the thin rib of end strips sleeve pipe, and the sleeve pipe of thin rib tip ensure that the location of containment on straw shift wheel bracing frame.
The core component of above-mentioned threshing part is a flexible detachment roller, and the ratch of soft threshing platen is rigidly connected flexible member finger, and described flexible member finger is arc surface and centre is U-lag.
Remarkable advantage of the present invention is: one is the grain lifter that have employed a kind of special curved surface, and it is straight that this grain lifter efficiently solves holding up of lodging pea, prevents the phenomenon of leaking because working width is little and cutting, reduce loss; Two is have employed a kind of straw shift wheel containment to be used for cover cap straw shift wheel, and this containment prevents and is involved in maize leaves during straw shift wheel operation and causes damage to corn, has protective effect when therefore gathering in the crops pea to corn; Three is that threshing part adopts a kind of soft threshing platen, and original shock threshing becomes by this cylinder rubs threshing repeatedly, achieves the low damage threshing of pea; Four is that the frame for movement of complete machine is simply light and handy, and small volume, technological requirement is lower, reduces manufacturing cost, and easy to maintenance.
four, accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention:
In accompanying drawing: 1--gathers in part; 2--threshing part; 3--cleans part; 4--straw shift wheel containment; 5--straw shift wheel; 6--grain lifter; 7--cutter group.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the present invention removes straw shift wheel containment and threshing case:
In accompanying drawing: the large transfer roller of 8--; The horizontal auger conveyor of 9--; 10--soft threshing platen; 11--miscellaneous object outlet; 12--pea exports; 13--blower fan.
Fig. 3 is the dismountable curved surface grain lifter of one provided by the invention.
Fig. 4 is the frame that the present invention installs grain lifter, i.e. reaping part subsystem frame.
Fig. 5 is threshing partially flexible cylinder of the present invention.
five, embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof, set forth the invention further.
By reference to the accompanying drawings 1 and accompanying drawing 2 shown in: under corn of the present invention/pea intercropping pattern peas combine comprise harvesting part (1), threshing part (2), clean part (3), wherein gathering in part (1) is positioned at foremost, harvesting part is provided with straw shift wheel (5) and straw shift wheel containment (4), straw shift wheel containment (4) is positioned at straw shift wheel (5) top completely, cover cap straw shift wheel, prevents the maize leaves of stretching out to be entrained into straw shift wheel and causes damage to corn.The front end of harvesting part (1) is provided with dismountable curved surface grain lifter (6), the end of grain lifter (6) installs cutter group (7), threshing part (2) is installed in harvesting part (1) rear end, threshing part (2) core component is soft threshing platen (10), soft threshing platen (10) below is screen cloth, and be lateral transfer storehouse immediately below screen cloth, core parts are horizontal auger conveyor (9), clean the side that part is positioned at threshing part completely, its core component is blower fan (13).
Its course of work is as follows: pea harvester is in the process of advancing, the lodging pea of both sides and the pea be positioned at outside results frame utilize its curve form to hold up directly and the inside held together into harvesting part (1) by the grain lifter (6) being positioned at front end, pea is pulled nearly cutter group (7) by standing grain effect of dialling through straw shift wheel (5) further, pea stem stalk cuts off along root by the cutter of transverse movement, active force with straw shift wheel is sent to large transfer roller (8) place, and send into threshing part (2) again by large transfer roller (8), under the effect of the middle soft threshing platen (10) of threshing part (2), interrupt and broken pea stalk, repeatedly rub pea pods, form broken stalk, the mixture of pea pods fragment and pea seed, stalk and pea pods fragment are sent along blower fan (13) side with the threshing part cover cap repeated action of inside with spiral ribs bar in rotary course, and to be blown off reaping machine by blower fan (13), realize straw-returning, also prevent and be again wound around, rubbed the pea seed of separation, little stalk and pea pods small leftover and entered lateral transfer storehouse through screen cloth, and be transported to the lateral transfer storehouse side-walls of reaping machine near blower fan (13) through horizontal auger conveyor (9), side-walls has the link plate conveyer of cycle rotation, mixture containing a large amount of pea seed, a small amount of pea stalk and pod pieces is delivered to blower fan (13) inlet scoop place along diagonal upward direction by link plate conveyer, pea seed passes through air blower, taken to pea outlet (12) by link plate conveyer, fall into receiving hopper and complete pea results, lighter little stalk and pod pieces, through air blower, are inhaled into blower fan, rotarily drive through blower fan under the effect of blower fan (13) inlet scoop suction, to fall back ground, complete straw-returning from miscellaneous object outlet (11).

Claims (3)

1. peas combine under corn/pea intercropping pattern, reaping machine overall by harvesting part, threshing part, clean part three part and form, threshing part is positioned at after harvesting part completely, clean the side that part is positioned at described threshing part, reaping part sub-headend is provided with the grain lifter of curve form, the straw shift wheel of harvesting part is provided with a straw shift wheel containment, the core component of threshing part is a flexible detachment roller.
2. peas combine under corn/pea intercropping pattern as claimed in claim 1, the opposite direction that grain lifter curved surface advances along results is in rising trend, curved surface end is along both sides trace extension size, end and stiff end median curved surface gentle transition, straw shift wheel containment two ends are provided with rigidly connected circular hole sleeve pipe, sleeve pipe has coordinated containment in the location of straw shift wheel radial direction with rice crop-poking wheel axis, one side rigid connecting of containment is connected to the thin rib of end strips sleeve pipe, and the sleeve pipe of thin rib tip ensure that the location of containment on straw shift wheel bracing frame.
3. peas combine under corn/pea intercropping pattern as claimed in claim 1, the ratch of soft threshing platen is rigidly connected flexible member finger, and described flexible member finger is arc surface and centre is U-lag.
CN201510156916.0A 2015-04-04 2015-04-04 Pea combine harvester under corn/pea intercropping model Pending CN104663118A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201510156916.0A CN104663118A (en) 2015-04-04 2015-04-04 Pea combine harvester under corn/pea intercropping model

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510156916.0A CN104663118A (en) 2015-04-04 2015-04-04 Pea combine harvester under corn/pea intercropping model

Publications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107548680A (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-01-09 甘肃农业大学 Crawler type highland barley cropper
CN108812119A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-16 许美凤 A kind of wheat planting method
CN108934428A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-07 许美凤 A kind of wheat harvester
CN111990104A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-27 泉州市勤裕鼎工业设计有限公司 Agricultural machine divides seedling equipment

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2198753Y (en) * 1994-08-15 1995-05-31 黄烈 Rice threshing harvester
CN2497535Y (en) * 2001-08-18 2002-07-03 中收农机股份有限公司 Improved drum
CN201182082Y (en) * 2007-10-15 2009-01-21 郭刚 Corn soybean combine
CN102762089A (en) * 2010-01-05 2012-10-31 Cnh比利时股份有限公司 Combine
CN103348815A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-10-16 山东泉林纸业有限责任公司 Machine for harvesting corn, peeling corn husks and separating straws, and working method of machine
CN103703942A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-09 吉林大学 Grain flexible bionic stripping threshing device
CN204231948U (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-04-01 甘肃农业大学 Standing grain device dialled by interplanting pea harvester

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2198753Y (en) * 1994-08-15 1995-05-31 黄烈 Rice threshing harvester
CN2497535Y (en) * 2001-08-18 2002-07-03 中收农机股份有限公司 Improved drum
CN201182082Y (en) * 2007-10-15 2009-01-21 郭刚 Corn soybean combine
CN102762089A (en) * 2010-01-05 2012-10-31 Cnh比利时股份有限公司 Combine
CN103348815A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-10-16 山东泉林纸业有限责任公司 Machine for harvesting corn, peeling corn husks and separating straws, and working method of machine
CN103703942A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-09 吉林大学 Grain flexible bionic stripping threshing device
CN204231948U (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-04-01 甘肃农业大学 Standing grain device dialled by interplanting pea harvester

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107548680A (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-01-09 甘肃农业大学 Crawler type highland barley cropper
CN108812119A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-16 许美凤 A kind of wheat planting method
CN108934428A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-07 许美凤 A kind of wheat harvester
CN111990104A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-27 泉州市勤裕鼎工业设计有限公司 Agricultural machine divides seedling equipment

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