CN108990438B - Self-walking type soil turning equipment - Google Patents

Self-walking type soil turning equipment Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108990438B
CN108990438B CN201810742157.XA CN201810742157A CN108990438B CN 108990438 B CN108990438 B CN 108990438B CN 201810742157 A CN201810742157 A CN 201810742157A CN 108990438 B CN108990438 B CN 108990438B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
device body
rod
soil
fixing plate
motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201810742157.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108990438A (en
Inventor
雷金云
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Leishi Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Leishi Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Leishi Agricultural Technology Co ltd filed Critical Anhui Leishi Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201810742157.XA priority Critical patent/CN108990438B/en
Publication of CN108990438A publication Critical patent/CN108990438A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108990438B publication Critical patent/CN108990438B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/02Combined machines with two or more soil-working tools of different kind
    • A01B49/022Combined machines with two or more soil-working tools of different kind at least one tool being actively driven

Abstract

The invention discloses self-walking type soil turning equipment which comprises a device body, a rotating rod, a front soil turning cutter, a rear soil crushing cone, a steering wheel and a controller, wherein the rotating rod is arranged on the device body; the device body is a rectangular box body, the interior of the device body is hollow, a fixing plate is arranged in the device body, the fixing plate is fixed on the device body, a rotating rod is connected to the fixing plate through a rotating shaft, a front soil turning cutter and a rear soil crushing cone are respectively installed at two ends of the rotating rod, and a steering wheel is installed on the fixing plate through a lifting rod; the front and the back of the device body are respectively provided with a front ultrasonic sensor and a back ultrasonic sensor, and the bottom of the device body is provided with a moving wheel; the invention can automatically travel to turn and break soil on the soil, and can simultaneously induce ridges through the ultrasonic sensors arranged in front and at the back, and can automatically move when meeting the ridges, thereby ensuring continuous operation.

Description

Self-walking type soil turning equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to an agricultural production device, in particular to self-walking type soil turning equipment.
Background
In the agricultural production process, soil needs to be loosened before seeds are planted. The soil is easy to agglomerate after a long time, so that the air permeability of the roots is reduced, as if the roots are sealed, after loosening, gaps among soil particles are enlarged, air is easy to enter, and the respiration of root cells is increased; the respiration is enhanced, the transpiration can be enhanced, the exchange of the root hairs and mineral elements in the soil is promoted, and the absorption of the mineral elements by the roots can be promoted.
Traditional agricultural loosens soil uses the tractor to drive plough, harrow and loosens the soil to the soil, and the plough harrow is carried out by the manual work always, and this work has caused very big work burden, wastes time and energy for the grower.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of combining the traditional soil turning and breaking with automation, can work automatically without manual participation, and provides self-walking soil turning equipment so as to solve the problem.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the invention provides self-walking type soil turning equipment which comprises a device body, a rotating rod, a front soil turning cutter, a rear soil crushing cone, a steering wheel and a controller, wherein the rotating rod is arranged on the device body; the device body is a rectangular box body, the interior of the device body is hollow, a baffle is not arranged at the bottom of the device body, a fixing plate is arranged in the device body and fixed on the device body, a rotating shaft is fixedly arranged in the middle of the rotating rod, the rotating shaft penetrates through the fixing plate and is connected to a rotating motor, and the rotating motor is fixedly arranged above the fixing plate; the two ends of the rotating rod are respectively provided with a front soil turning cutter and a rear soil crushing cone, the front soil turning cutter is a coulter, and the rear soil crushing cone is an iron cone with a large upper part and a small lower part; the steering wheel is arranged on the fixed plate through a lifting rod; the front and the back of the device body are respectively provided with a front ultrasonic sensor and a back ultrasonic sensor, and the bottom of the device body is provided with a movable wheel.
According to a preferable technical scheme of the invention, the front soil turning knives are provided with a plurality of front soil turning knives which are uniformly fixed on the soil turning knife placing plate, a first electric push rod is connected above the soil turning knife placing plate, and the first electric push rod is fixed at one end of the rotating rod.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, a plurality of rear soil-breaking cones are uniformly fixed on the soil-breaking cone placing plate, a second electric push rod is connected above the soil-breaking cone placing plate, and the second electric push rod is fixed at one end of the rotating rod.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the moving wheels are provided with two groups of four, wherein each two groups of four are in a group, the moving wheels in the same group are connected through a first driving rod, and a first driving motor is installed on the first driving rod.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the arrangement direction of the steering wheels is perpendicular to the advancing direction of the device, two groups of four steering wheels are arranged, one group is formed by two steering wheels, the steering wheels in the same group are connected through a second driving rod, a second driving motor is arranged on the second driving rod, a lifting rod is fixed on a shell of the second driving motor, the lifting rod penetrates through a fixing plate and is connected to the lifting motor, and the lifting motor is fixedly arranged above the fixing plate.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the rotating motor, the first electric push rod, the second electric push rod, the first driving motor, the second driving motor, the lifting motor, the front ultrasonic sensor and the rear ultrasonic sensor are all connected to a controller.
The invention has the following beneficial effects: the traditional plowing and harrowing are combined on the device, the device can automatically move when meeting a ridge, then the inner soil turning cutter and the soil crushing cone rotate 180 degrees, the positions are changed, the whole device moves back to continue working, the continuous working capacity is realized, and the human resources are saved.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a fixing plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic flow chart of the controller of the present invention;
reference numbers in the figures: 1. a device body; 11. a fixing plate; 12. a front-mounted ultrasonic sensor; 13. a rear ultrasonic sensor; 14. a moving wheel; 141. a first drive lever; 142. a first drive motor; 2. rotating the rod; 21. a rotating shaft; 22. a rotating electric machine; 3. a soil turning knife is arranged in front; 31. a soil turning cutter placing plate; 32. a first electric push rod; 4. a soil crushing cone is arranged at the rear part; 41. a soil-breaking cone placing plate; 4, pushing a rod; 5. a steering wheel; 51. a second drive lever; 52. a second drive motor; 53. a lifting rod; 54. a lifting motor.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are described herein for the purpose of illustration and explanation and not limitation.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "vertical", "upper", "lower", "horizontal", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly and may, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
Example (b): as shown in fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a self-propelled soil turning apparatus, comprising a device body 1, a rotating rod 2, a front soil turning cutter 3, a rear soil crushing cone 4, a steering wheel 5 and a controller; the device body 1 is a rectangular box body, the interior of the device body 1 is hollow, no baffle is arranged at the bottom of the device body, a fixing plate 11 is arranged in the device body 1, the fixing plate 11 is fixed on the device body 1, a rotating shaft 21 is fixedly arranged in the middle of a rotating rod 2, the rotating shaft 21 penetrates through the fixing plate 11 and is connected to a rotating motor 22, and the rotating motor 22 is fixedly arranged above the fixing plate 11; the two ends of the rotating rod 2 are respectively provided with a front soil turning cutter 3 and a rear soil crushing cone 4, the front soil turning cutter 3 is a coulter, and the rear soil crushing cone 4 is an iron cone with a large upper part and a small lower part; the steering wheel 5 is arranged on the fixed plate 11 through a lifting rod 53; the front and the back of the device body 1 are respectively provided with a front ultrasonic sensor 12 and a back ultrasonic sensor 13, and the bottom of the device body 1 is provided with a moving wheel 14.
Further, the front soil turning knives 3 are provided with a plurality of front soil turning knives and are uniformly fixed on the soil turning knife placing plate 31, a first electric push rod 32 is connected above the soil turning knife placing plate 31, and the first electric push rod 32 is fixed at one end of the rotating rod 2.
Furthermore, the rear soil crushing cones 4 are provided with a plurality of soil crushing cones, and are uniformly fixed on the soil crushing cone placing plate 41, a second electric push rod 42 is connected above the soil crushing cone placing plate 41, and the second electric push rod 42 is fixed at one end of the rotating rod 2.
Further, the moving wheels 14 are provided with two sets of four, each two sets of four, the moving wheels 14 in the same set are connected through a first driving rod 141, and a first driving motor 142 is installed on the first driving rod 141.
Further, the setting direction of the steering wheel 5 is perpendicular to the advancing direction of the device, the steering wheel 5 is provided with two sets of four, each two sets of four are in a group, the same set of steering wheel 5 is connected through a second driving rod 51, a second driving motor 52 is installed on the second driving rod 51, a lifting rod 53 is fixed on a shell of the second driving motor 52, the lifting rod 53 penetrates through the fixing plate 11 and is connected on a lifting motor 54, and the lifting motor 54 is fixedly arranged above the fixing plate 11.
Further, the rotating motor 22, the first electric push rod 32, the second electric push rod 42, the first driving motor 142, the second driving motor 52, the lifting motor 54, the front ultrasonic sensor 12 and the rear ultrasonic sensor 13 are all connected to the controller.
Specifically, the method comprises the following steps: put into the field with device body 1, first electric putter 32, second electric putter 42 all connect on the controller, adjust first electric putter 32, the length of second electric putter 42 through the controller to adjust the height of leading native sword 3 and rearmounted hack awl 4, make leading native sword 3 and rearmounted hack awl 4 can the at utmost dig, hack.
After the height setting is finished, the first driving motor 142 of the moving wheel 14 is turned on, and the first driving motor 142 drives the first driving rod 141 to rotate, so as to drive the moving wheel 14 to rotate; the device body 1 is driven by the moving wheel 14 to move, the front soil turning cutter 3 and the rear soil crushing cone 4 arranged in the device body work on the soil, the front soil turning cutter 3 turns the soil open in the continuous advancing process, and the rear soil crushing cone 4 crushes the turned soil; the working principle is similar to that of common plows and rakes.
When the front side of the device body 1 is close to a ridge, the front ultrasonic sensor 12 can sense the position of the front ridge and transmit a signal back to the controller, the controller turns off the first driving motor 142 to stop the device body 1, simultaneously turns on the lifting motor 54, and the lifting motor 54 lowers the lifting rod 53, so that the steering wheel 5 descends until the whole device body 1 is supported; then, the lifting motor 54 is turned off, and the second driving motor 52 is turned on, so that the apparatus body 1 is moved laterally by the steering wheel 5.
The transverse moving distance is set through the controller, the width of the device body 1 is set as the moving distance of the steering wheel 5, and the device body 1 moves to a brand new ground from the ground which just works after the moving is finished; the second drive motor 52 is turned off and simultaneously the lift motor 54 is turned on to retract the steerable wheel 5.
The controller turns on the rotating motor 22, and the rotating motor 22 rotates the rotating shaft 21, so as to drive the rotating rod 2 to rotate, and the set rotating angle is 180 degrees, and then the rotating motor 22 is turned off; the operation process that the front soil turning cutter 3 is in the front and the rear soil crushing cone 4 is in the rear in the backward movement process is guaranteed, so that the work process of firstly turning soil and then crushing soil is guaranteed; the first drive motor 142 is then turned on, and the apparatus body 1 is moved back.
When the device continuously encounters a ridge, the rear ultrasonic sensor 13 senses the position of the ridge, and the device body 1 repeats the work until the operation is finished.
It is worth noting that: the whole device is controlled by the master control button, and the equipment matched with the control button is common equipment, so that the device belongs to the existing well-known technology, and the electrical connection relation and the specific circuit structure of the device are not repeated.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those skilled in the art will understand that various changes, modifications and substitutions can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. A self-walking type soil turning device is characterized by comprising a device body (1), a rotating rod (2), a front soil turning cutter (3), a rear soil crushing cone (4), a steering wheel (5) and a controller; the device body (1) is a rectangular box body, the interior of the device body is hollow, no baffle is arranged at the bottom of the device body, a fixing plate (11) is arranged in the device body (1), the fixing plate (11) is fixed on the device body (1), a rotating shaft (21) is fixedly arranged in the middle of a rotating rod (2), the rotating shaft (21) penetrates through the fixing plate (11) and is connected to a rotating motor (22), and the rotating motor (22) is fixedly arranged above the fixing plate (11); the two ends of the rotating rod (2) are respectively provided with a front turning cutter (3) and a rear soil crushing cone (4), the front turning cutter (3) is a coulter, and the rear soil crushing cone (4) is an iron cone with a large upper part and a small lower part; the steering wheel (5) is arranged on the fixed plate (11) through a lifting rod (53); the front and the back of the device body (1) are respectively provided with a front ultrasonic sensor (12) and a back ultrasonic sensor (13), and the bottom of the device body (1) is provided with a moving wheel (14);
the plurality of the front soil turning knives (3) are uniformly fixed on the soil turning knife placing plate (31), a first electric push rod (32) is connected above the soil turning knife placing plate (31), and the first electric push rod (32) is fixed at one end of the rotating rod (2);
the rear soil crushing cones (4) are uniformly fixed on the soil crushing cone placing plate (41), a second electric push rod (42) is connected above the soil crushing cone placing plate (41), and the second electric push rod (42) is fixed at one end of the rotating rod (2);
the moving wheels (14) are arranged in two groups of four, every two groups of four, the moving wheels (14) in the same group are connected through a first driving rod (141), and a first driving motor (142) is installed on the first driving rod (141);
the setting direction of the steering wheels (5) is perpendicular to the advancing direction of the device, two groups of four steering wheels (5) are arranged, every two steering wheels are in one group, the steering wheels (5) in the same group are connected through a second driving rod (51), a second driving motor (52) is installed on the second driving rod (51), a lifting rod (53) is fixed on a shell of the second driving motor (52), the lifting rod (53) penetrates through the fixing plate (11) and is connected onto a lifting motor (54), and the lifting motor (54) is fixedly arranged above the fixing plate (11);
the rotary motor (22), the first electric push rod (32), the second electric push rod (42), the first driving motor (142), the second driving motor (52), the lifting motor (54), the front ultrasonic sensor (12) and the rear ultrasonic sensor (13) are all connected to the controller.
CN201810742157.XA 2018-07-09 2018-07-09 Self-walking type soil turning equipment Active CN108990438B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810742157.XA CN108990438B (en) 2018-07-09 2018-07-09 Self-walking type soil turning equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810742157.XA CN108990438B (en) 2018-07-09 2018-07-09 Self-walking type soil turning equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108990438A CN108990438A (en) 2018-12-14
CN108990438B true CN108990438B (en) 2022-03-18

Family

ID=64599359

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810742157.XA Active CN108990438B (en) 2018-07-09 2018-07-09 Self-walking type soil turning equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108990438B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111758715A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-10-13 安徽省益丰生态农业科技有限公司 Even weeding device for vegetable planting

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202193112U (en) * 2011-09-09 2012-04-18 杭州赛奇高空作业机械有限公司 Four-wheel-drive double-steering traveling gear
CN204736832U (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-11-04 广州信邦汽车装备制造有限公司 Novel robot transversely parks
CN207476140U (en) * 2017-11-04 2018-06-12 贵溪市樟坪畲族乡华芳茶叶种植专业合作社 A kind of agricultural rooter of adjustable depth of turning soil
CN207505359U (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-06-19 无锡凹凸自动化科技有限公司 A kind of proportion of crop planting device of digging

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9736974B2 (en) * 2012-12-19 2017-08-22 Agriculture Concepts, Llc Tillage device for agricultural machinery or implements to reduce compaction caused by wheels in a field

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202193112U (en) * 2011-09-09 2012-04-18 杭州赛奇高空作业机械有限公司 Four-wheel-drive double-steering traveling gear
CN204736832U (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-11-04 广州信邦汽车装备制造有限公司 Novel robot transversely parks
CN207505359U (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-06-19 无锡凹凸自动化科技有限公司 A kind of proportion of crop planting device of digging
CN207476140U (en) * 2017-11-04 2018-06-12 贵溪市樟坪畲族乡华芳茶叶种植专业合作社 A kind of agricultural rooter of adjustable depth of turning soil

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN108990438A (en) 2018-12-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108990438B (en) Self-walking type soil turning equipment
CN203504970U (en) Whole-film micro-ridge film-covering and soil-covering machine
CN112470583A (en) Drive type sugarcane perennial root ridge breaking, fertilizing and ridging all-in-one machine
CN207543533U (en) Wheat rotary tillage machine of working soil
CN208549151U (en) A kind of ploughing machine of adjustable tillage system reform
CN211982493U (en) High-efficient farmland device that loosens soil
US4265186A (en) Grain drill with oscillating planter bar
CN109429586A (en) It is a kind of collection in the ranks, between strain weeding function one the device that weeds with a hoe
CN212324682U (en) Agricultural ditching machine
CN207070602U (en) Knife hammers combined furrowing and harrowing machine into shape
CN210491583U (en) Paddy field intertillage weeder
CN111758316A (en) Agricultural soil turning device
CN203633062U (en) Special furrowing and ridging machine for paddy field
CN201015257Y (en) Cutting and plowing machine
CN205413244U (en) Double entry soil preparation machine
CN109362258A (en) A kind of high humidity field intelligence rotary tillage sowing and ditching working rig
CN208159145U (en) A kind of agricultural land rotary cultivator
CN201938032U (en) Crop stubble-removing film raker
CN108738433A (en) A kind of agricultural hand-held farming device
CN217241298U (en) Remotely-controllable unmanned greenhouse multifunctional electric tillage machine
CN204047063U (en) Hand steered complete cultivated type motor seeder
CN214070554U (en) Insect-removing deep-ploughing straw returning compound operation equipment
CN103155747A (en) Maize planting (fertilizing and intertilling) machine
CN212992931U (en) Single-wheel field management machine
CN213755570U (en) Intelligent agricultural machinery plough with protection function

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant