CN108902557A - A kind of carp feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of carp feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108902557A
CN108902557A CN201810848584.6A CN201810848584A CN108902557A CN 108902557 A CN108902557 A CN 108902557A CN 201810848584 A CN201810848584 A CN 201810848584A CN 108902557 A CN108902557 A CN 108902557A
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Prior art keywords
parts
powder
carp
mixed
preparation
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CN201810848584.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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Hefei Annunyuan Bioengineering Technology Co Ltd
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Hefei Annunyuan Bioengineering Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810848584.6A priority Critical patent/CN108902557A/en
Publication of CN108902557A publication Critical patent/CN108902557A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/105Aliphatic or alicyclic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/163Sugars; Polysaccharides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/22Compounds of alkali metals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/30Oligoelements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K40/00Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K40/10Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs by agglomeration; by granulation, e.g. making powders
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Physiology (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Mycology (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Birds (AREA)
  • Insects & Arthropods (AREA)
  • Fodder In General (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of carp feeds and preparation method thereof, are mainly made of 3-4 parts of 35-40 parts of cassiri, 20-30 parts of coarse colza meal, 15-20 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, 2-3 parts of folium isatidis, 12-15 parts of spirulina powder, 6-8 parts of maltitol, 4-6 parts of stevioside, selenium powder 8-10 parts organic, 2-4 parts of gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, 10-15 parts of mulberry leaf powder, 2-4 parts of citric acid, salt mixed fermentations;Compared with prior art, the present invention has physiological characteristic according to the habit of carp, nutrition needed for being suitble to carp growth is targetedly provided, provide complete nutrient fodder, feed formula and preparation process are scientific and reasonable, it is simple and easy to do, there is preferable attractant and palatability to carp, to effectively increase the economic benefit of carp culture.

Description

A kind of carp feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of carp feeds and preparation method thereof, belong to feed processing technology.
Background technique
Carp is primary fresh-water fishes, inhabits the static area of the water flows such as rivers and creeks middle and lower reaches, lakes and marhshes, reservoir, especially likes The bottom of eutrophy or the numerous raw waters of water plant, while carp belongs to no stomach fingerling as most fresh-water fishes, and enteron aisle is carefully short, Rate of metabolism is fast, therefore eating habit is to eat diligent food less, and the digestive function of carp is very big with water temperature relationship, the seasonality ingested It is very strong;Traditional carp feed nutrition is simple, and the protein and other nutrients contained is less, and it is raw to be only able to satisfy carp Primary demand in growth process is unable to satisfy the growth demand of carp under some special weathers or seasonal conditions.
Summary of the invention
In order to alleviate shortcomings and deficiencies of the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of carp feed and its preparations Method.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
Carp feed, by weight, constitutive material is:35-40 parts of cassiri, 20-30 parts of coarse colza meal, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 15-20 parts, 2-3 parts of folium isatidis, 12-15 parts of spirulina powder, 6-8 parts of maltitol, 4-6 parts of stevioside, it is selenium powder 8-10 parts organic, 2-4 parts of gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, 10-15 parts of mulberry leaf powder, 2-4 parts of citric acid, 3-4 parts of salt.
The preparation method of carp feed, specifically includes the following contents:
(1)Each raw material is weighed by the parts by weight of constitutive material, first cassiri, coarse colza meal, dried silkworm chrysalis meal are put into frying pan, Mixing frying 10-15 minutes, then cools down spare;
(2)Weigh folium isatidis, after chopping be added the 8-12 times of pure water measured, be mixed with beating, then thereto be added spirulina powder, Organic selenium powder, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, mulberry leaf powder and suitable pure water, stir and evenly mix, spare;
(3)By above-mentioned steps(1),(2)Material is uniformly mixed, and then adjusts the water content 35%-45% of mixture;It is put into fermentor In, it is mixed into 3%-5% leavening, is sealed by fermentation 15-20 days, 33-38 DEG C of fermentation temperature is controlled, takes tunning;
(4)Maltitol, stevioside, citric acid, salt is added by weight in above-mentioned tunning, is put into blender and stirs 1-2h is mixed, then dried, be granulated to obtain.
The mixed proportion of the starter lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete Mixed Microbes, the lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete is 2-3: 1。
The drying uses microwave drying method, and the power of above-mentioned microwave drying is 300-350W, time 3- 5min。
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Compared with prior art, the present invention has physiological characteristic according to the habit of carp, targetedly provides and is suitble to carp raw Long required nutrition, provides complete nutrient fodder, and feed formula and preparation process are scientific and reasonable, simple and easy to do, to carp With preferable attractant and palatability, to effectively increase the economic benefit of carp culture.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:Carp feed, by weight, constitutive material is:38 parts of cassiri, 25 parts of coarse colza meal, 18 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, 2 parts of folium isatidis, 13 parts of spirulina powder, 7 parts of maltitol, 5 parts of stevioside, 9 parts of organic selenium powder, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 3 Part, 12 parts of mulberry leaf powder, 3 parts of citric acid, 3.5 parts of salt.
The preparation method of carp feed, specifically includes the following contents:
(1)Each raw material is weighed by the parts by weight of constitutive material, first cassiri, coarse colza meal, dried silkworm chrysalis meal are put into frying pan, Mixing frying 12 minutes, then cools down spare;
(2)Weigh folium isatidis, after chopping be added the 8-12 times of pure water measured, be mixed with beating, then thereto be added spirulina powder, Organic selenium powder, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, mulberry leaf powder and suitable pure water, stir and evenly mix, spare;
(3)By above-mentioned steps(1),(2)Material is uniformly mixed, and then adjusts the water content 35%-45% of mixture;It is put into fermentor In, 4% Mixed Microbes are mixed into, are sealed by fermentation 18 days, 35 DEG C of fermentation temperature is controlled, takes tunning, Mixed Microbes are by lactic acid bacteria and yeast Bacterium is according to being 2.5:1 mixed proportion is made;
(4)Maltitol, stevioside, citric acid, salt is added by weight in above-mentioned tunning, is put into blender and stirs 1.5h is mixed, then progress microwave drying, granulation obtain, and the power of microwave drying is 350W, time 5min.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of carp feed, which is characterized in that by weight, constitutive material is:35-40 parts of cassiri, vegetable seed 20-30 parts of cake powder, 15-20 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, 2-3 parts of folium isatidis, 12-15 parts of spirulina powder, 6-8 parts of maltitol, stevioside 4-6 Part, selenium powder 8-10 parts organic, 2-4 parts of gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, 10-15 parts of mulberry leaf powder, 2-4 parts of citric acid, 3-4 parts of salt.
2. a kind of preparation method of carp feed as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that specifically include the following contents:
(1) each raw material is weighed by the parts by weight of constitutive material, cassiri, coarse colza meal, dried silkworm chrysalis meal is first put into frying pan In, it mixes frying 10-15 minutes, then cools down spare;
(2) weigh folium isatidis, after chopping be added the 8-12 times of pure water measured, be mixed with beating, then thereto be added spirulina powder, Organic selenium powder, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, mulberry leaf powder and suitable pure water, stir and evenly mix, spare;
(3) by above-mentioned steps(1),(2)Material is uniformly mixed, and then adjusts the water content 35%-45% of mixture;It is put into fermentor In, it is mixed into 3%-5% leavening, is sealed by fermentation 15-20 days, 33-38 DEG C of fermentation temperature is controlled, takes tunning;
(4) maltitol, stevioside, citric acid, salt is added by weight in above-mentioned tunning, is put into blender and stirs 1-2h is mixed, then dried, be granulated to obtain.
3. the preparation method of carp feed according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the starter lactic acid bacteria and ferment The mixed proportion of female bacterium Mixed Microbes, the lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete is 2-3:1.
4. the preparation method of carp feed according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the drying uses microwave drying Method, the power of above-mentioned microwave drying are 300-350W, time 3-5min.
CN201810848584.6A 2018-07-28 2018-07-28 A kind of carp feed and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN108902557A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810848584.6A CN108902557A (en) 2018-07-28 2018-07-28 A kind of carp feed and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810848584.6A CN108902557A (en) 2018-07-28 2018-07-28 A kind of carp feed and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108902557A true CN108902557A (en) 2018-11-30

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115381003A (en) * 2022-07-08 2022-11-25 盐城师范学院 Aquatic product antimicrobial-free fermented feed and preparation method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115381003A (en) * 2022-07-08 2022-11-25 盐城师范学院 Aquatic product antimicrobial-free fermented feed and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20181130