CN108902032A - A kind of cultural method of sika deer - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of sika deer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108902032A
CN108902032A CN201810774520.6A CN201810774520A CN108902032A CN 108902032 A CN108902032 A CN 108902032A CN 201810774520 A CN201810774520 A CN 201810774520A CN 108902032 A CN108902032 A CN 108902032A
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parts
kilograms
deer
feed
green
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危承跃
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Xinning Langshan Deer Industry Co Ltd
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Xinning Langshan Deer Industry Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/10Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for ruminants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultural methods of sika deer, which is characterized in that includes the following steps:A, place is built:The relatively flat place of quiet and topography, the slightly to the south or inclined light grade in the southeast are selected, deer, which is given up, uses common brick place mat or concrete floor floor file, and the railing of deer is 2.5-3 meters high;B, the feeding management of doe;C, the feeding management of stag;D, the feeding management of young deer;The present invention is from the scientific and reasonable distribution sika deer stable breeding of sika deer growth characteristic and puts in a suitable place to breed the time, the economic cost of cultivation can preferably be reduced, it can preferably ensure that the activity of sika deer again, the wild nature of sika deer is ensured, it ensures that sika deer grows up healthy and sound, different management and raising is carried out to different sika deers, the sika deer in each stage is made to generate maximum value, the sika deer quality good yield of cultivation is high, improves Sika Deer Farming economic benefit.

Description

A kind of cultural method of sika deer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultural methods, and in particular to a kind of cultural method of sika deer.
Background technique
Sika deer whole body is treasured, and young pilose antler, angle, tooth, bone, meat, marrow, brain, essence, blood, kidney, gallbladder, skin, excrement, tire can be used as medicine, especially It is taken from the young horn i.e. pilose antler that stag is not yet ossify, the metabolism of body can be adjusted, enhances physiological function, especially to year Old body declines, sick and weak powerless people, restore constitution, strengthening tendons aspect of being healthy and strong has apparent effect, be China's tradition rare Chinese medicine.
In recent years most farms also start that sika deer is selected to cultivate, because Sika Deer Farming not only has economic significance, Simultaneously or farm brings better working effect;Sika deer is a kind of medium deer, and body is 140~170 centimetres long, shoulder height 85~100 centimetres, 100~150 kilograms of adult weight, hind is smaller, and stag generally has four fork angles, and there is crineous back in back center Line, tail is short, back side black, outside of belly white, and summer hair brown color throughout distinct white plum spot, stern floralwhite, therefore claims " plum Hua Lu ";Purlieu or mountain steppe area are moved in, season is different, and habitat also changes, and stag is usually solitary, hair Feelings return group when mating, morning and evening activity licks well saline and alkaline, every 1 son of tire, have white dot with young baby feed on grass and leaves, with The raising of living standards of the people and the raising of the level of consumption, domestic market to the processing of deer product and the demand of deer product will Increasing, sika deer is that whole body is all precious, pilose antler, venison, deer whip, deer's tail, deer's sinew, deer tire, the deer heart and deer kidney etc., city Field sales volume is very good, and medicinal, tonic is worth very high;Artificial breeding sika deer has had certain history in China, with science Technology is constantly progressive, and the cultural technique of sika deer is also continued to develop, and Sika Deer Farming scale also constantly increases, in plum blossom In deer breeding process, the intake of nutrition needed for sika deer growth cycle is one of cultivation key link, and guarantees sika deer battalion Intake is supported, Fast Growth improves the key factor of Sika Deer Farming benefit;Currently, the feed of Sika Deer Farming is not from plum blossom Deer developmental process nutrition intake demand is set out, so that sika deer intake nutriment lacks, so that sika deer growth is not good for Strong, the accessory put on flesh and grown lacks slowly, extends the Sika Deer Farming period, increases Sika Deer Farming cost, also, do not have From sika deer taste, so that sika deer does not like that food amount is few, cause sika deer growth slow, while there is also sika deers to eat Indigestion afterwards equally affects sika deer healthy growth, and then affects the economic benefit of aquaculture of sika deer.
Summary of the invention
Meet sika deer growth needed nutrient matter in time the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of, ensures sika deer health Growth improves the Sika Deer Farming method of Sika Deer Farming economic benefit.
The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of cultural method of sika deer, feature exist In including the following steps:
A, place is built:The relatively flat place of quiet and topography, the slightly to the south or inclined light grade in the southeast are selected, deer house is used The railing of common brick place mat or concrete floor floor file, deer is 2.5-3 meters high;
B, the feeding management of doe:Doe need to carry out special management to breeding season, period of pregnancy, parturition lactation phase;
Breeding season:It is fed for the feed of abundant protein, vitamin and mineral, day feeds 3.5~4.2 kilograms of amount, wherein being bred as 1.1~1.2 kilograms of phase feed, 1 kilogram of succulence material, 1.4~2 kilograms of green coarse fodder, each 20 grams of calcium powder, salt, growth stage feed and Succulence material is periodically fed 2 times daily, and green coarse fodder can allow its morning and evening to be freely eaten;To breeding doe Group management;
Period of pregnancy:Sufficient nutrition is supplied, with sharp development of fetus, feed day feeds 3.8~4.7 kilograms of amount, wherein growth stage feed 1 ~1.5 kilograms, 1~1.2 kilogram of succulence material, 1.8~2 kilograms of green coarse fodder supplies green, roughage, later period more before pregnancy, mid-term Give small volume, high-quality, the preferable feed of palatability more;Growth stage feed and succulence material are periodically fed 2 times daily, and greenfeed is more Sample must not feed the feed of moldy metamorphism;
The parturition lactation phase:Contain proteins,vitamins,and minerals abundant, day feeds 5.7~7.5 kilograms of amount;Wherein finishing period 2~2.5 kilograms of feed, 1.5~2 kilograms of succulence material, 3~4 kilograms of green coarse fodder, and have sufficient calcium powder and salt;Finishing period is raised Material and succulence material are fed 2~3 times daily, and green coarse fodder can allow its morning and evening to be freely eaten;Colony house is kept to clean, Land leveling is dry;
C, the feeding management of stag:Stag January-late March is long fine and soft initial stage, and August in April-is long fine and soft phase, November late August- The middle ten days is the breeding season, and mid-January late November-is convalescence;3 are rested in long fine and soft initial stage, convalescence and the breeding season day amount of feeding Kilograms -4 kilograms, wherein 1 kilogram -1.5 kilograms of finishing period feed, 1 kilogram -1.5 kilograms of succulent fodder, 2 kilogram -3 of green and rough feeds Kilogram, daily to feed 2 times, the breeding season suitably gives a little succulence green forages more;The long young pilose antler phase day feeds 7 kilograms -8 kilograms of amount, wherein growing up 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of phase feed, 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of succulent fodder, 3 kilograms -4 kilograms of green and rough feeds, 2 times a day -3 times;
D, the feeding management of young deer:Young deer after ablactation will be divided into according to situations such as gender of young deer, physical strength, Individual Size Several groupuscules divide group to raise;Young deer appetite is small, and digestion is fast, and intake time is more, and being separated from milk one day in two weeks can feed 4~5 times, Green and rough feeds of night supplementary feeding is progressively reached later and is fed 3 times day;The fine fodder for being separated from milk young deer wants careful Processing farage, can will be big Beans, corn are cooked, and a part of corn flour wears into soya-bean milk at maize flour, soybean, by maize flour:Soya-bean milk 1:2 ratio is puddled;Simultaneously Roughage can throw to green mongolian oak leaf, Poplar leaves, chopping green corn stover, drinking-water will clean, sufficient;Benefit hello multivitamin, Containing additives such as trace element seleniums.
The finishing period feed is made of following parts by weight principle:40-45 parts of corn, 45-50 parts of sorghum, soya-bean cake 25-30 Part, 20-25 parts of wheat bran, 15-20 parts of beans chaff, 20-25 parts of corn stover, 15-20 parts of dry beer vinasse, 5-8 parts of pine needle meal, garlic 3-5 parts of powder, 0.5-1.5 parts of nutritional additive, 3-5 parts of yeast powder, 0.3-0.6 parts of salt.
The nutritional additive is made of following parts by weight:10-15 parts of Methionine chelate copper, Methionine Chelated Zinc 20-25 Part, 30-35 parts of ferrous methionine chelate, 30-35 parts of methionine chelate manganese, 3-5 parts of multi-vitamins, 3-6 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, sulfuric acid 0.3-0.5 parts of potassium, 0.01-0.1 parts of cobalt oxide, 0.05-0.2 parts of calcium carbonate, 0.25-0.35 parts of sodium selenite.
The growth stage feed includes that the weight percent of following content is:22~25 parts of soya-bean cake, 22~25 parts of dregs of beans, 12~16 parts of corn flour, 8~10 parts of wheat bran, 6~8 parts of glutinous rice flour, 4~6 parts of walnut powder, 4~6 parts of bone meal, white granulated sugar 2~4 Part, 2~4 parts of rumen bypass methionine, 2~4 parts and 1~3 part of B family vitamin of edible salt.
The succulence material is using the one or more of them chopping in sweet potato, potato seedling, white radishes, carrot, pumpkin, eastern melon It mixes;
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1, the Sika Deer Farming prepares different feeds, targetedly supplements the nutrients in different growth cycles, can preferably from Sika deer growth needed nutrient matter is set out, energy needed for having ensured sika deer growth, it is ensured that sika deer Fast Growth improves Sika Deer Farming economic well-being of workers and staff;Also, sika deer taste demand is preferably met, the appetite of sika deer is increased, is improved The consumption uptake of sika deer has ensured sika deer healthy growth, also, rationally provides nutriment member needed for sika deer grows up Element guarantees sika deer meat meat, it is ensured that the quality of its accessory;Contain rumen bypass egg in growth stage feed of the invention The growth performance of sika deer can be improved in propylhomoserin, improves the nitrogen use efficiency of sika deer, significantly reduces nitrogen discharged;It is micro- can to influence cud The metabolism of biology and the absorbability of small intestine, to promote the digestion of sika deer nutriment;Sika deer body can be improved to egg The absorbability of white matter and amino acid accumulates more protein for body, improves the quality and nutritive value of Cervus nippon meat.
2, it from the sika deer scientific and reasonable distribution sika deer stable breeding of growth characteristic and puts in a suitable place to breed the time, can preferably reduce The economic cost of raising, and can preferably ensure that the activity of sika deer, ensure the wild nature of sika deer, it is ensured that sika deer It grows up healthy and sound, to stag and doe separate management, it is made utmostly to generate economic value, doe farrowing height, stag is promoted to produce The pilose antler of high quality out, young deer growth is fast, improves Sika Deer Farming economic benefit.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to embodiment, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.
The present invention is characterized in that:Include the following steps:
A, place is built:The relatively flat place of quiet and topography, the slightly to the south or inclined light grade in the southeast are selected, deer house is used The railing of common brick place mat or concrete floor floor file, deer is 2.5-3 meters high;
B, the feeding management of doe:Doe need to carry out special management to breeding season, period of pregnancy, parturition lactation phase;
Breeding season:It is fed for the feed of abundant protein, vitamin and mineral, day feeds 3.5~4.2 kilograms of amount, wherein being bred as 1.1~1.2 kilograms of phase feed, 1 kilogram of succulence material, 1.4~2 kilograms of green coarse fodder, each 20 grams of calcium powder, salt, growth stage feed and Succulence material is periodically fed 2 times daily, and green coarse fodder can allow its morning and evening to be freely eaten;To breeding doe Group management;
Period of pregnancy:Sufficient nutrition is supplied, with sharp development of fetus, feed day feeds 3.8~4.7 kilograms of amount, wherein growth stage feed 1 ~1.5 kilograms, 1~1.2 kilogram of succulence material, 1.8~2 kilograms of green coarse fodder supplies green, roughage, later period more before pregnancy, mid-term Give small volume, high-quality, the preferable feed of palatability more;Growth stage feed and succulence material are periodically fed 2 times daily, and greenfeed is more Sample must not feed the feed of moldy metamorphism;
The parturition lactation phase:Contain proteins,vitamins,and minerals abundant, day feeds 5.7~7.5 kilograms of amount;Wherein finishing period 2~2.5 kilograms of feed, 1.5~2 kilograms of succulence material, 3~4 kilograms of green coarse fodder, and have sufficient calcium powder and salt;Finishing period is raised Material and succulence material are fed 2~3 times daily, and green coarse fodder can allow its morning and evening to be freely eaten;Colony house is kept to clean, Land leveling is dry;
C, the feeding management of stag:Stag January-late March is long fine and soft initial stage, and August in April-is long fine and soft phase, November late August- The middle ten days is the breeding season, and mid-January late November-is convalescence;3 are rested in long fine and soft initial stage, convalescence and the breeding season day amount of feeding Kilograms -4 kilograms, wherein 1 kilogram -1.5 kilograms of finishing period feed, 1 kilogram -1.5 kilograms of succulent fodder, 2 kilogram -3 of green and rough feeds Kilogram, daily to feed 2 times, the breeding season suitably gives a little succulence green forages more;The long young pilose antler phase day feeds 7 kilograms -8 kilograms of amount, wherein growing up 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of phase feed, 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of succulent fodder, 3 kilograms -4 kilograms of green and rough feeds, 2 times a day -3 times;
D, the feeding management of young deer:Young deer after ablactation will be divided into according to situations such as gender of young deer, physical strength, Individual Size Several groupuscules divide group to raise;Young deer appetite is small, and digestion is fast, and intake time is more, and being separated from milk one day in two weeks can feed 4~5 times, Green and rough feeds of night supplementary feeding is progressively reached later and is fed 3 times day;The fine fodder for being separated from milk young deer wants careful Processing farage, can will be big Beans, corn are cooked, and a part of corn flour wears into soya-bean milk at maize flour, soybean, by maize flour:Soya-bean milk 1:2 ratio is puddled;Simultaneously Roughage can throw to green mongolian oak leaf, Poplar leaves, chopping green corn stover, drinking-water will clean, sufficient;Benefit hello multivitamin, Containing additives such as trace element seleniums.
The finishing period feed is made of following parts by weight principle:40-45 parts of corn, 45-50 parts of sorghum, soya-bean cake 25-30 Part, 20-25 parts of wheat bran, 15-20 parts of beans chaff, 20-25 parts of corn stover, 15-20 parts of dry beer vinasse, 5-8 parts of pine needle meal, garlic 3-5 parts of powder, 0.5-1.5 parts of nutritional additive, 3-5 parts of yeast powder, 0.3-0.6 parts of salt;The nutritional additive is by following heavy Measure part composition:10-15 parts of Methionine chelate copper, 20-25 parts of Methionine Chelated Zinc, 30-35 parts of ferrous methionine chelate, methionine chela Close manganese 30-35 parts, 3-5 parts of multi-vitamins, 3-6 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 0.3-0.5 parts of potassium sulfate, 0.01-0.1 parts of cobalt oxide, 0.05-0.2 parts of calcium carbonate, 0.25-0.35 parts of sodium selenite.
The processing method of finishing period feed, includes the following steps:
(1)Stock:It takes the corn of above-mentioned weight ratio, sorghum to crush, is then mixed with soya-bean cake, and cook;
(2)Fermentation:Wheat bran, beans chaff, corn stover, the dry beer vinasse, pine needle of above-mentioned weight ratio are added in the mixture cooked Powder, garlic powder, nutritional additive, yeast powder, salt are uniformly mixed, and are fermented 18-20 hours;
(3)It is granulated, is dry:It is granulated by pelletizer, and dry to get male sika deer finishing period feed.
The growth stage feed includes that the weight percent of following content is:22~25 parts of soya-bean cake, 22~25 parts of dregs of beans, 12~16 parts of corn flour, 8~10 parts of wheat bran, 6~8 parts of glutinous rice flour, 4~6 parts of walnut powder, 4~6 parts of bone meal, white granulated sugar 2~4 Part, 2~4 parts of rumen bypass methionine, 2~4 parts and 1~3 part of B family vitamin of edible salt.
The processing method of growth stage feed, includes the following steps:
(1)Raw material crushes:It takes the soya-bean cake, dregs of beans and wheat bran of above-mentioned weight ratio to be put into pulverizer to be crushed, then stir evenly It is spare;
(2)Raw material soaking:By step(1)Corn flour, wheat bran and the glutinous rice flour of the raw material and above-mentioned weight ratio that crush are put into clearly It is impregnated in clean water, soaking time is 3~5 hours, and soaking temperature is 25~30 DEG C;
(3)It cooks:By step(2)Soaked raw material and the walnut powder of above-mentioned weight ratio, bone meal, white granulated sugar, edible salt and B Family vitamin stirs evenly, and then carries out boiling, cooling stand-by after boiling;
(4)It is dry:By step(3)It is dried after well-done raw material is cooling, drying to water content is 6~8%;
(5)Packaging:By step(4)Dried raw material is crushed, and is vacuum-packed after the completion of crushing.
The succulence material is that one or more choppings of sweet potato, potato seedling, white radishes, carrot, pumpkin, eastern melon mix;
An example of the present invention is given below.
Embodiment 1
Young deer raising:The ablactation of young deer generally before August 20th after carry out, will be according to the gender of young deer, physical strength, a after ablactation Situations such as body size, is divided into several groupuscules, group is divided to raise, and young deer enclosure should be arranged far from the place of doe colony house, can also will be female Deer is transferred to, and young deer stays in former circle, is separated from milk the young deer at initial stage, due to leaving doe suddenly, can pipe more than, the state of mind, food Be intended to all be greatly affected, poultry raiser will more patient nursing, often call young deer, close to deer group, alleviate young deer it is impatient not Peace, ablactation divide young deer after group to be transferred to spitter colony house, to gradually increase the injected volume of feed, can not once feed excess;Young deer food Measure small, digestion is fast, and intake time is more, and being separated from milk one day in two weeks can feed 4~5 times, green and rough feeds of night supplementary feeding, later by Step, which reaches, feeds 3 times day;The fine fodder for being separated from milk young deer wants careful Processing farage, and soybean, corn can be cooked, a part of corn flour Cheng Yu Rice and flour, soybean wear into soya-bean milk, maize flour:Soya-bean milk presses 1:2 ratios are puddled;Simultaneously roughage can throw to green mongolian oak leaf, Poplar leaves, The green corn stover etc. of chopping, drinking-water will clean, sufficient, it is further noted that the supply of minerals, mend and feed multivitamin, micro- containing selenium Salt, bone meal are added in daily ration, can prevent the generation of rickets, rickets for the additives such as secondary element;Morning 6:00-9:00 Point, afternoon 5:00-7:00 point is put in a suitable place to breed, allows it that green tree leaf is freely eaten, other feeds of every two hours launching are primary, and few throwing is more It is secondary.
Embodiment 2
Doe raising:
1, doe is the breeding season in late August to mid-November, to be at this moment fed for the feeding of abundant protein, vitamin and mineral Material, day feed 3.5~4.2 kilograms of amount, wherein 1.1~1.2 kilograms of finishing period feed, and 1 kilogram of succulence material, green coarse fodder 1.4~2,000 Gram, each 20 grams of calcium powder, salt, to breeding doe Group management, to there is special messenger is on duty to keep an eye on;
2, the number of copulations in an oestrus is controlled at 2~3 times preferably, the work that breeding breeding selection ear is big, growth is fast, high-quality Kind deer carries out breeding breeding, and sexal maturity in deer 2 years old or more, preferably, doe is in heat in 8~October, heat for breeding in half to 3 years old 2 years old When, excited uneasy, canthus stream mucus, smell is abnormal, often pipe, private parts mucus increases, and happiness is close to stag, heat 16~36 Hour ovulation, to master opportunity breed in due course, doe group are divided into 4~5 groupuscules, 1 stag is put per a small set of, to one It fixes time, then exchanges the stag in each groupuscule, these methods, breeding effect is good, and conception rate is also high, it is noted that seeing after breeding It examines, it is found that is not impregnated will recruit in time;Enter period of pregnancy (mid-April in late November to next year) after doe breeding, at this moment Sufficient nutrition is supplied, with sharp development of fetus, feed day feeds 3.8~4.7 kilograms of amount, wherein 1~1.5 kilogram of growth stage feed, 1~1.2 kilogram of succulence material, 1.8~2 kilograms of green coarse fodder supplies green, roughage more before pregnancy, mid-term, the later period give more volume compared with Small, high-quality, the preferable feed of palatability;Fine fodder is fed 2 times daily, and greenfeed wants diversification, must not feed the feed of moldy metamorphism; Male and female deer discloses raising, not frighten and drive doe by force, diseases prevention, anti-miscarriage;
3, doe just before giving birth before, to carry out the substance delivered a child and prepare, such as get out physiological saline, syringe, paraffin hydrocarbons, permanganic acid Potassium, register, rolls ear forceps, scoline anaesthetic etc. at pituitrin, meanwhile, delivery room is got out, generally from late April to 8 The moon, early and middle ten days were the parturition lactation phase, and initially several days doe lactations are colostrum after childbirth, and colostrum contains albumen extremely abundant Matter and vitamin (especially vitamin a) and various nutriments, antibody and inorganic salts, it is particularly significant to young deer health, and It has laxative effective concurrently, there is a small number of does especially primiparity doe, postpartum abandons son without nurse deer generation should being looked for support in time, way is In 2~3 hours, young deer is smeared with the placental fluids or urine of nurse deer, easily succeeds, has the feed of nursing period to contain abundant Proteins,vitamins,and minerals, day feed 5.7~7.5 kilograms of amount, wherein 2~2.5 kilograms of finishing period feed, and succulence material 1.5~ 2 kilograms, 3~4 kilograms of green coarse fodder, and have sufficient calcium powder and salt, finishing period feed is fed 2~3 times daily, and green coarse fodder can allow it It is freely eaten, to keep colony house to clean, Land leveling is dry;
4, under the conditions of raising and train, the nursing period of young deer is different in size, different depending on each deer habit, doe during the young lactation of band, Disposition is fiendish, often attacks the people close to its young deer, and young 3~4 week old of deer or so can start a small amount of greenfeed of searching for food, March with doe Or so age can not have to cream and raise and live on one's own life, and in order to allow the normal heat of doe, doe should be isolated at the beginning of the non-September of August, stop it Only for cream, with the recovery of sharp constitution, early heat is early to breed.
Embodiment 3
Stag raising:1, the feeding management of convalescence and long fine and soft early period:1. the convalescence of stag and long fine and soft early period substantially locate the winter In the stage in season, stag is after breeding, and constitution is thin and weak, and meets temperature lower again, and the requirement in raising is to restore its constitution rapidly, Material base is provided to change long young pilose antler, therefore, should give the starch-containing and more rich feed of minerals and a certain amount of in raising Protein feed;2. the daily ration of stag wherein 1 kilogram -1.5 kilograms of finishing period feed, 1 kilogram -1.5 kilograms of succulent fodder, green 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of roughage, daily to feed 2 times, succulence material includes the root tubers class feed such as carrot, radish, sweet potato, and greenfeed includes each The tender branch of kind, leaf and green grass etc..3. stag, after the breeding season, appetite gradually recovers, when increasing feed, should by less to It is more, it can't largely feed suddenly, finishing period feed is periodically fed twice daily, when cobalt blue pigment abundance, can be allowed to be freely eaten, right Poor old, weak, the residual deer of constitution, should separate groupuscule base individual pen and raise meticulously, so that it restores rapidly constitution.
2, the feeding management of long fine and soft phase:1. stag is long fine and soft season annual 4~mid-August, the long fine and soft phase of deer refer to deer from The long fine and soft pilose antler maturation that arrives of the long fine and soft or disk stripping of molt, moult receives this period of saw, approximately passes through 60~80 days;Long young pilose antler this period phase, stag Sexual desire subsides, and metabolism is vigorous, and appetite increases, and stag needs a large amount of nutriment, and 2. stag is in the long fine and soft speed of growth It is cracking, it is observed that 3~4 years old sika deer, two thick stick young pilose antler growth times about 55 days averagely increase weight 17.7 grams, 3. stag daily Pilose antler the speed of growth quickly, its needs physiologically is met with comparable nutriment so deer body must be supplied, because In addition this, during urging young pilose antler, in addition to feeding the general feeds such as various green grass, cotton seed hull, wheat bran, rice bran, add some containing albumen The higher concentrated feed of matter, except feeding 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of growth stage feed daily, 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of succulent fodder, green and rough feeds 3 is public - 4 kilograms of jin is outer, can also increase and feed 1~2 kilogram of maize flour, 100 grams of soya beans, 50 grams of fish meal, and guarantees deer daily and can increase to feed 1~2,000 Gram maize flour, 100 grams of soya beans, 50 grams of fish meal, and guarantee deer daily and have enough drinking-water, in this way, deer absorbs well to nutriment, deer Young pilose antler just grows especially prosperous;4. it was verified that plus young pilose antler is urged to expect and be not added that the pilose antler for urging fine and soft material to grow is made a world of difference;It is not added and urges fine and soft material length The pilose antler limb that pilose antler material out is grown is shrivelled weak and weary, a small tarnish, light-weight, grade decline, has added and has urged fine and soft material length existing Young pilose antler, limb is sturdy, and upper and lower thickness is consistent, glossy shinny, and fine and soft full, and general young pilose antler weight can increase by 15%~20%, and grade can phase Level-one should be improved;5. should carry out balanced timing to be fed with, growth stage feed is fed 2~3 times daily, and drinking-water to clean and abundance, and blueness is raised Expect abundance area, to meet its needs as far as possible, can be allowed to be freely eaten when necessary, 6. interim should carry out stag angle long fine and soft Disk fall off the data loggings such as date, antler growth situation work, while to master young pilose antler grow progress, carry out the work of velvet collection in time Make, individual new young pilose antlers have been grown but angle disk does not still fall off person, have answered Baoding to remove hard angle, with obstruction free antler growth, in addition, right Deer house, sports ground, divider wall, plate etc. are checked, are cleared up, and avoid crashing through pilose antler.
3, the feeding management of breeding season:Late August to November, stag are highly sexed, and appetite is remarkably decreased, and have sawed fine and soft base portion It forms floral disc and ossify, at this point, deer rubs everywhere, destroy raising tool or head-on collision is had a fist fight, violent person even hurts sb.'s feelings, and making one cannot It is close, strive it is even wrestle that constitution consumption is larger, and body becomes thin and weak, in order to increase stag constitution, be conducive to breed, when raising is necessary Choosing hello nutritive value is higher, the good concentrated feed of palatability, vitamin content root tuber class succulent fodder abundant, tender dark green feeding Material etc., but amount can be reduced suitably.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of cultural method of sika deer, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
A, place is built:The relatively flat place of quiet and topography, the slightly to the south or inclined light grade in the southeast are selected, deer house is used The railing of common brick place mat or concrete floor floor file, deer is 2.5-3 meters high;
B, the feeding management of doe:Doe need to carry out special management to breeding season, period of pregnancy, parturition lactation phase;
Breeding season:It is fed for the feed of abundant protein, vitamin and mineral, day feeds 3.5~4.2 kilograms of amount, wherein being bred as 1.1~1.2 kilograms of phase feed, 1 kilogram of succulence material, 1.4~2 kilograms of green coarse fodder, each 20 grams of calcium powder, salt, growth stage feed and Succulence material is periodically fed 2 times daily, and green coarse fodder can allow its morning and evening to be freely eaten;To breeding doe Group management;
Period of pregnancy:Sufficient nutrition is supplied, with sharp development of fetus, feed day feeds 3.8~4.7 kilograms of amount, wherein growth stage feed 1 ~1.5 kilograms, 1~1.2 kilogram of succulence material, 1.8~2 kilograms of green coarse fodder supplies green, roughage, later period more before pregnancy, mid-term Give small volume, high-quality, the preferable feed of palatability more;Growth stage feed and succulence material are periodically fed 2 times daily, and greenfeed is more Sample must not feed the feed of moldy metamorphism;
The parturition lactation phase:Contain proteins,vitamins,and minerals abundant, day feeds 5.7~7.5 kilograms of amount;Wherein finishing period 2~2.5 kilograms of feed, 1.5~2 kilograms of succulence material, 3~4 kilograms of green coarse fodder, and have sufficient calcium powder and salt;Finishing period is raised Material and succulence material are fed 2~3 times daily, and green coarse fodder can allow its morning and evening to be freely eaten;Colony house is kept to clean, Land leveling is dry;
C, the feeding management of stag:Stag January-late March is long fine and soft initial stage, and August in April-is long fine and soft phase, November late August- The middle ten days is the breeding season, and mid-January late November-is convalescence;3 are rested in long fine and soft initial stage, convalescence and the breeding season day amount of feeding Kilograms -4 kilograms, wherein 1 kilogram -1.5 kilograms of finishing period feed, 1 kilogram -1.5 kilograms of succulent fodder, 2 kilogram -3 of green and rough feeds Kilogram, daily to feed 2 times, the breeding season suitably gives a little succulence green forages more;The long young pilose antler phase day feeds 7 kilograms -8 kilograms of amount, wherein growing up 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of phase feed, 2 kilograms -3 kilograms of succulent fodder, 3 kilograms -4 kilograms of green and rough feeds, 2 times a day -3 times;
D, the feeding management of young deer:Young deer after ablactation will be divided into according to situations such as gender of young deer, physical strength, Individual Size Several groupuscules divide group to raise;Young deer appetite is small, and digestion is fast, and intake time is more, and being separated from milk one day in two weeks can feed 4~5 times, Green and rough feeds of night supplementary feeding is progressively reached later and is fed 3 times day;The fine fodder for being separated from milk young deer wants careful Processing farage, can will be big Beans, corn are cooked, and a part of corn flour wears into soya-bean milk at maize flour, soybean, by maize flour:Soya-bean milk 1:2 ratio is puddled;Simultaneously Roughage can throw to green mongolian oak leaf, Poplar leaves, chopping green corn stover, drinking-water will clean, sufficient;Benefit hello multivitamin, Containing additives such as trace element seleniums.
2. by a kind of cultural method of sika deer described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the finishing period feed is by following weight Part principle composition:40-45 parts of corn, 45-50 parts of sorghum, 25-30 parts of soya-bean cake, 20-25 parts of wheat bran, 15-20 parts of beans chaff, corn stalk 20-25 parts of stalk, 15-20 parts of dry beer vinasse, 5-8 parts of pine needle meal, 3-5 parts of garlic powder, 0.5-1.5 parts of nutritional additive, yeast powder 3-5 parts, 0.3-0.6 parts of salt.
3. by a kind of cultural method of sika deer described in claim 2, it is characterised in that the nutritional additive is by following weight Part composition:10-15 parts of Methionine chelate copper, 20-25 parts of Methionine Chelated Zinc, 30-35 parts of ferrous methionine chelate, methionine chelate 30-35 parts of manganese, 3-5 parts of multi-vitamins, 3-6 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 0.3-0.5 parts of potassium sulfate, 0.01-0.1 parts of cobalt oxide, carbon Sour calcium 0.05-0.2 parts, 0.25-0.35 parts of sodium selenite.
4. by a kind of cultural method of sika deer described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the growth stage feed includes containing below The weight percent of amount is:22~25 parts of soya-bean cake, 22~25 parts of dregs of beans, 12~16 parts of corn flour, 8~10 parts of wheat bran, glutinous rice flour 6~8 parts, 4~6 parts of walnut powder, 4~6 parts of bone meal, 2~4 parts of white granulated sugar, 2~4 parts of rumen bypass methionine, 2~4 parts of edible salt With 1~3 part of B family vitamin.
5. by a kind of cultural method of sika deer described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the succulence material is using sweet potato, potato Seedling, white radishes, carrot, pumpkin, the one or more of them chopping in eastern melon mix.
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