CN108798061B - Reinforcing apparatus suit suitable for traditional tile roofing antiskid net - Google Patents

Reinforcing apparatus suit suitable for traditional tile roofing antiskid net Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108798061B
CN108798061B CN201810743066.8A CN201810743066A CN108798061B CN 108798061 B CN108798061 B CN 108798061B CN 201810743066 A CN201810743066 A CN 201810743066A CN 108798061 B CN108798061 B CN 108798061B
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China
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slip
tile
net
strip
basic
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CN108798061A (en
Inventor
朱占元
徐娇
李静
邹祖银
陈伟
莫忧
郭子红
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Sichuan Agricultural University
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Sichuan Agricultural University
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G23/00Working measures on existing buildings
    • E04G23/02Repairing, e.g. filling cracks; Restoring; Altering; Enlarging
    • E04G23/0281Repairing or restoring roofing or roof covering
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights

Abstract

The invention discloses an anti-slip net reinforcing device suit suitable for a traditional tile roof, which belongs to the field of building roof reinforcement and comprises a basic anti-slip strip, a self-connecting anti-slip rope, a self-connecting anti-slip net, an integral anti-slip rope, an integral anti-slip net and an auxiliary locking strip device. The basic anti-slip strip can be hooked on the tile and contact with the tile to generate friction, and can also be connected with the anti-slip strip of the previous tile. The self-connecting anti-slip rope can be formed by connecting basic anti-slip strips in series and is used for fixing the whole row of tiles. The self-connecting anti-slip net is formed by connecting basic anti-slip strips or anti-slip ropes, and the tiles are fixed on the protective net. The whole anti-skid cable is cut according to the length of the whole row of tiles, and the tiles are directly fixed on the anti-skid cable. The integral anti-slip net has certain specification and can be assembled and connected with the basic anti-slip strip and the anti-slip rope freely. The antiskid device can be fixed on rafters through auxiliary locking bars. The invention solves the problem that the tile is easy to slip and loose in the traditional tile roof, has flexible installation mode and can freely assemble the whole set of components with any size and shape.

Description

Reinforcing apparatus suit suitable for traditional tile roofing antiskid net
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of building roof reinforcement, and particularly relates to reinforcement of a traditional small green tile roof and an ancient building roof.
Background
In China, the traditional tile roof has thousands of years history, in the traditional technology, a purlin is generally erected on a beam or a wall, a rafter is arranged on the purlin, a bottom tile is arranged on the rafter, a cover tile is arranged on the bottom tile, and a layer of roof board is added on the rafter in a complicated way. The tile roof provides the functions of shielding wind, rain and sun for human beings. However, tile roofs are often affected by tile sliding, wind loosening and sliding, so that rain and ash leakage of the roofs are caused, and living life of human beings is affected. In particular, in some ancient relic buildings, the situations of damaged roof, loose tiles and damage are worried about due to long history, and the protection and repair of the ancient relics have the principles of current situation, reversibility and identification, so that a set of convenient and effective device for repairing the roof without damaging the original tiles is urgently needed. The conventional tile roof is commonly reinforced at the present stage by paving a wood board on a rafter layer, attaching by using coiled materials, and bonding the tiles by using cement mortar, so that the dead weight of the roof is seriously increased, the air permeability is poor, and the protection principle of ancient building is not met. Therefore, research on reinforcement of traditional roofs is imperative. The anti-slip net reinforcing device is an engineering measure for actively protecting and reinforcing the building roof, is applied to the reinforcement and protection of the traditional tile roof, and has good effect. In view of the above, the patent uses the traditional tile roof anti-skid reinforcement as an application background, and the invention provides a set of anti-skid net reinforcement device suit suitable for the traditional tile roof, aiming at providing a new thought for the traditional roof reinforcement. The achievement can provide important reference for reinforcing and protecting the building roof of the ancient cultural relics and is used for engineering practice.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims at: the utility model provides a be applicable to traditional tile roofing anti-skidding net reinforcing apparatus suit, solves traditional tile roofing, the problem that the swift current tile easily, the tile is not hard up, especially in the ancient relic building protection reinforcement need reduce intervention, preserve current situation, identifiable, reversibility principle requirement, effectively protects the tile original appearance, prevents that the tile is not hard up, the landing.
The aim of the invention is achieved by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a be applicable to traditional tile roofing anti-skidding net reinforcing apparatus suit, includes basic antislip strip, self-connecting formula antislip rope, self-connecting formula antislip net, whole antislip rope, integral antislip net, supplementary locking strip device. The basic anti-slip strip hooks the bottom of the tile, and the anti-slip strip is strip-shaped, has certain flexibility and roughness, has certain contact surface with the tile so as to increase friction, is connected with an anti-slip strip lockhole of the last tile or is fixed on a ridge or two side rafters by an auxiliary locking strip so as to strengthen the local roof tile. The self-connecting anti-slip rope is formed by connecting basic anti-slip strips, and a chain can be freely formed to fix the whole row of tiles so as to strengthen the whole row of tiles. The self-connecting anti-slip net is formed by connecting basic anti-slip strips or anti-slip ropes, the anti-slip net is paved on roof rafters, parts and edges of the anti-slip net are fixed on the rafters or the purlines by auxiliary locking strips, tiles are arranged on the rafters and fixed on the anti-slip net, and the tile hooking heads are used for fixing the bottoms of the tiles and the anti-slip strips are contacted with the anti-slip strips to increase friction, so that the effect of integrally reinforcing the roof is achieved. The whole anti-skid cable is cut according to the total length of the whole row of tiles, and the tiles are directly fixed on the anti-skid cable, so that the anti-skid cable is simple, quick and effective. The whole anti-slip net has certain specification selection, can also be assembled and connected with basic anti-slip strips and anti-slip ropes freely to form net surfaces with different sizes, the whole anti-slip net is paved on roof rafters, the local parts and edges are fixed on the rafters or purlines by auxiliary locking strips, and the tiles are arranged on the rafters and fixed on the anti-slip net. The basic anti-slip strips, the self-connecting anti-slip ropes, the self-connecting anti-slip net, the integral anti-slip ropes and the integral anti-slip net can be fixed on the upper surface and the lower surface of the tile, and the anti-slip net is arranged on the lower side of the tile, so that the influence on the integral appearance of the building can be reduced. According to the invention, the L-shaped or side open groove type anti-skid sleeve can be selected according to different wind loads in different areas and different reinforcement requirements so as to achieve reinforcement effects in different degrees.
The basic antiskid strip is in strip shape, and mainly comprises a tile hooking head, a lock hole and a locking strip, wherein the surface of the basic antiskid strip is provided with certain roughness or lines and is made of plastic with good performance, durability, high and low temperature resistance and certain flexibility. In this scheme, the tile head is hooked to basic hook mainly used, and it just can block the tile after concatenating the pinning with last basic antislip strip, prevents to drop, and the laminating of slice banding coarse antislip strip and tile can increase friction.
As a further option, the base cleat hook head has an L-shape or side open slot shape. The sizes of a plurality of pairs of lock holes of the basic anti-slip strip are mutually corresponding to the cross-sectional sizes of the lock strips, so that the lock strips can be locked, a small tooth piece extends out from a single lock hole which is far away from the tile head in each pair of lock holes, the upper surfaces of the small tooth pieces in the single lock hole are provided with round chamfers, and the lower surfaces of the small tooth pieces are not provided with chamfers, so that the lock strips can be penetrated out and clamped conveniently.
Alternatively, the self-connecting anti-slip rope is formed by connecting basic anti-slip strips in series, a locking strip of a first basic anti-slip strip passes through a small-tooth-plate-free single locking hole of a second basic anti-slip strip, then passes through a single lock Kong Suozhu with a gear, and the clear distance between a hook tile head and a locking position after the first basic anti-slip strip is locked corresponds to the length of a single tile. The first and second basic anti-slip strips after being connected in series are connected in series on the third basic anti-slip strip, and so on until the first and second basic anti-slip strips are connected in series to the required length.
Alternatively, the self-connecting anti-slip net is formed by assembling basic anti-slip strips into ropes according to a self-connecting anti-slip rope serial connection mode, and then the ropes are connected into a net by using strings, each rope corresponds to a row of tiles, and the size of the coverage area of the net surface can be freely determined.
Alternatively, the integral anti-skid cable may be produced directly at the factory in several lengths. The integral anti-slip cable has different specifications, mainly comprises different tile hooking heads in different forms, L-shaped or side open grooves, different tile hooking heads and node spacing, corresponding to different tile overlapping modes, such as 'three pressing and seven pressing and six pressing and four pressing', and the like, and has different section widths, roughness, hardness and color. In the scheme, the integral anti-skid rope can be cut out to any length according to requirements.
Alternatively, the unitary anti-skid mesh may be manufactured by a factory to different specifications. The main specification type is similar to the integral anti-skid rope, the specification of the horizontal spacing of the tile hooking heads in the integral anti-skid net is increased, the spacing of the vertical columns in the integral anti-skid net can be determined by the tile spacing, and the total width of the integral anti-skid net is increased. In the scheme, the whole anti-slip net can intercept any area according to the requirement.
Alternatively, the auxiliary locking strips comprise two narrow locking strips at two sides and locking holes in different directions in the middle, the central horizontal locking hole is convenient for the connection of the basic anti-skid locking strips, and the vertical locking holes at two sides in the center are convenient for the fixation of the two narrow locking strips at two sides on rafters or purlines for locking. In the scheme, the auxiliary locking strip can be matched with the basic anti-slip strip, the self-connecting anti-slip rope, the self-connecting anti-slip net, the integral anti-slip rope and the integral anti-slip net.
Alternatively, the basic cleat, self-connecting cleat, integral cleat may be freely combined into any shape and size. The reinforcing anti-slip device can be fixed by an auxiliary locking bar, or can be fixed by other modes such as iron nails on rafters or purlines.
The foregoing inventive subject matter and various further alternatives thereof may be freely combined to form a plurality of alternatives, all of which are employable and claimed herein; and the invention can be freely combined between the (non-conflicting choices) choices and between the choices and other choices. Various combinations and simplifications will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon review of the present description, and are not intended to be exhaustive.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1) The invention has the advantages of simple structure, no change of the original roof tile force transmission way, lower cost, simple construction, no change of the original tile-overlapping way, and the like;
2) The invention is not limited by the gradient of the roof, and can be attached to the roof and the tiles with various gradients through the softness of the strips, the ropes and the nets;
3) The invention can effectively fix the tiles, has better reinforcing effect on the traditional tile roof, has light self weight of the whole reinforcing device, can not increase the load of the oversized roof, and can effectively prevent the tiles from sliding wholly and loosening locally;
4) The invention has the advantages of minimal intervention on the existing structure, compliance with cultural relic protection principle, small visual influence, current situation maintenance, reversibility and identifiability.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions of the prior art, the drawings required in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the embodiments in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings may be obtained according to the following drawings without any inventive effort to those skilled in the art.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a basic cleat according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a self-connecting anti-skid rope according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a self-connecting anti-slip net according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of an integral anti-skid cable according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of an integrated anti-slip net according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of an auxiliary locking bar according to an embodiment of the present invention;
wherein 1 is a basic anti-slip strip, 2 is a self-connecting anti-slip rope, 3 is a self-connecting anti-slip net, 4 is an integral anti-slip rope, 5 is an integral anti-slip net, 6 is an auxiliary locking strip, 101 is a tile head, 102 is a lock hole, 103 is a locking strip, 104 is a small tooth sheet, 105 is a rough surface, 106 is a rope penetrating hole, 107 is a string, 108 is a connecting sheet, 109 is a connecting soft film, and 110 is a single lock hole.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings in the present embodiment, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are only some but not all embodiments of the present invention. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, other embodiments that may be obtained by those skilled in the art without inventive effort are within the scope of the present invention. The following non-limiting examples illustrate the invention.
Referring to fig. 1, a reinforcing device suit for a traditional tile roof anti-skid net comprises a basic anti-skid strip 1, a self-connecting anti-skid rope 2, a self-connecting anti-skid net 3, an integral anti-skid rope 4, an integral anti-skid net 5 and an auxiliary locking strip 6;
referring to fig. 1, the basic anti-slip strip 1 comprises a tile head 101, a lock hole 102, a lock strip 103, a small tooth piece 104 and a rough surface 105; the tile hooking head 101 can be a groove shape with an opening at the side surface, or can be an L-shaped part without an upper hooking part; the lock holes 102 are provided with a plurality of pairs, and the clear distance between a single lock hole with small tooth plates 104 and a tile hooking head in the lock hole pairs selected according to different tile overlapping modes corresponds to the overlapping length of the tiles; the cross section of the locking strip 103 corresponds to the length and width of the plane of each pair of locking holes; the small tooth plates 104 are positioned in a single lock hole far away from the tile head in each pair of lock holes, the small tooth plates 104 extend out from the side surfaces of the lock holes so as to clamp the locking strips, the upper parts of the small tooth plates 104 are provided with round corners, and the small tooth plates can be slightly pried to take out the locking strips; the substantially cleat roughened surface 105 may be textured or directly roughened.
Referring to fig. 2, the self-connecting anti-slip rope 2 comprises a hook tile head 101, a lock hole 102, lock bars 103, small tooth plates 104 and a rough surface 105 in a basic anti-slip strip 1, wherein the lock bars 103 of a plurality of basic anti-slip strips penetrate through the lock hole 102 to be mutually connected in series to form the self-connecting anti-slip rope 2;
referring to fig. 3, the self-connecting anti-slip net 3 comprises a hook tile head 101, a lock hole 102, lock bars 103, small tooth plates 104 and a rough surface 105 in a basic anti-slip strip 1, wherein the lock bars 103 of a plurality of basic anti-slip strips penetrate through the lock hole 102 to be mutually connected in series to form the self-connecting anti-slip net 2, a plurality of rope penetrating holes 106 are formed in the basic anti-slip strip 1, and ropes 107 penetrate through the rope penetrating holes 106, so that the self-connecting anti-slip net 3 can be formed by connecting the self-connecting anti-slip ropes in series;
referring to fig. 4, the integral anti-slip cable 4 includes a tile head 101, a connecting piece 108 and a rope threading hole 106, the surface of the integral anti-slip cable is rough or textured, the clear distance between the tile head 101 and the connecting piece 108 is a conventional tile length, the distance between the tile head 101 and the connecting piece 108 of the lower anti-slip strip is a tile overlap joint distance, and the integral anti-slip cable 4 can be directly produced in a factory for a plurality of lengths, and the lengths can be freely cut according to requirements.
Referring to fig. 5, the integral anti-slip net 5 includes a tile head 101, a connecting piece 108, a rope penetrating hole 106, and a connecting soft film 109, the surface of the integral anti-slip rope is rough or textured, the clear distance between the tile head 101 and the connecting piece 108 is the length of a conventional tile, the distance between the tile head 101 and the connecting piece 108 of the lower anti-slip strip is the overlapping distance of tiles, the single length of the connecting soft film 109 between the tile heads 101 of adjacent rows is slightly larger than the spacing between the tiles of adjacent rows in the actual engineering, the integral anti-slip net 5 can directly produce a plurality of areas in factories, the areas can be freely intercepted as required, and after intercepting the corresponding areas, the integral anti-slip net can be fixed on purlins or rafters through the rope penetrating hole 106.
Referring to fig. 6, the auxiliary locking bar 6 comprises a locking hole 102, a locking bar 103, a small tooth piece 104, a rope threading hole 106 and a single locking hole 110, the auxiliary locking bar 6 is bilaterally symmetrical, the total length is larger than the distance between adjacent rafters of a conventional roof, and the clear distance between the locking bars 103 at two sides in the auxiliary locking bar 6 is slightly larger than the clear distance between the conventional rafters. The two sides of the vertical single lock holes 110 are uniformly arranged in a plurality, the middle part is arranged with a plurality of lock holes 102, and a plurality of rope penetrating holes 106 are arranged between the intervals of the middle lock holes 102. The plane sizes of the lock hole 102 and the single lock hole 110 are uniform, the cross section sizes of the lock bars 103 are corresponding, the single lock hole on one side of the lock hole 102 and the single lock hole 110 are provided with small tooth plates 104 which extend out, and the upper surfaces of the small tooth plates 104 are provided with round corners.
In addition, the basic anti-slip strip 1, the self-connecting anti-slip rope 2, the self-connecting anti-slip net 3, the integral anti-slip rope 4, the integral anti-slip net 5 and the auxiliary locking strip 6 can be freely combined for use.
The working process of the invention is as follows:
during construction of a traditional tile roof, an integral anti-slip net 5 suitable for the engineering is selected to be paved on rafters, the periphery and the middle of the anti-slip net are locally fixed on adjacent rafters by using auxiliary locking strips 6, the auxiliary locking strips 6 penetrate through the local net surface anti-slip locking strips, locking strips 103 on two sides of the auxiliary locking strips 6 are wrapped on the adjacent rafters and penetrate through single locking holes 110 in the auxiliary locking strips 6, the auxiliary locking strips 6 are tensioned, namely the rafters are wrapped to lock, then the tile is covered according to the traditional normal tile covering sequence, only attention needs to be paid, a plurality of tile hooking heads 101 on the integral anti-slip net 5 should hook the bottom of the tile, and the anti-slip strip part is contacted with the lower surface of the tile. For the raised or punched out part of the ridge, after the rafters are paved, the integral anti-slip rope 4 is selected or the self-connecting anti-slip net 3 is connected in series, the self-connecting anti-slip net is fastened with the rafters by using auxiliary locking strips 6 or iron nails, then the tiles are paved, and the tile hooking head 101 is paid attention to hooking the bottoms of the tiles. For the tiles on two sides of the ridge, two basic anti-slip strips 1 can be mutually interlocked through the lock hole 102 to form an anti-slip strip with two tile hooking heads on two sides, the anti-slip strips of the two tile hooking heads which are connected in series are placed on the purline of the ridge and fixed, then the tiles are covered, and the tiles on two sides are mutually restrained under the action of gravity, so that the sliding force is reduced.
The foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the invention is not intended to be limiting, but rather is intended to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and principles of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a be applicable to traditional tile roofing antiskid net reinforcing apparatus suit which characterized in that: comprises a basic anti-slip strip, a self-connecting anti-slip rope, a self-connecting anti-slip net, an integral anti-slip rope, an integral anti-slip net and an auxiliary locking strip device; the basic anti-slip strip is in a strip shape and mainly comprises a tile hooking head, a lock hole and locking strips, wherein the surface of the basic anti-slip strip is provided with a certain roughness or lines and can be made of plastic with good performance, and the basic anti-slip strip can be hooked on the bottom of a tile and is connected with the anti-slip strip of the previous tile or is fixed on a ridge or rafters on two sides by using auxiliary locking strips; the self-connecting anti-slip rope is formed by connecting basic anti-slip strips; the self-connecting anti-slip net is formed by connecting basic anti-slip strips, self-connecting anti-slip ropes and integral anti-slip ropes in a penetrating way through different holes according to different tile-overlapping modes, and is formed by connecting the basic anti-slip strips, the self-connecting anti-slip ropes and the integral anti-slip ropes in series with the auxiliary strings; the integral anti-skid rope is provided with a plurality of tile fixing points, and the length of the anti-skid rope can be cut off according to the requirement; the integral anti-skid net has certain specification and a plurality of tile fixing points, and can be freely assembled and connected with the basic anti-skid strip, the self-connecting anti-skid rope and the integral anti-skid rope.
2. The non-slip net reinforcement set for a conventional tile roofing according to claim 1, wherein: the basic anti-slip strip tile hooking head is mainly of an L-shaped or side open groove type, the L-shaped is suitable for most tiles, the opening size of the side open groove type accords with the thickness of common tiles, and different specifications can be achieved.
3. The non-slip net reinforcement set for a conventional tile roofing according to claim 1, wherein: the basic anti-slip strip lock hole consists of a plurality of pairs of holes, the positions of the holes, which are away from the tile head, are related to different tile-overlapping modes, such as 'four-dew six' pressing and 'three-dew seven', namely, the clear distance length between the holes and the tile head is seventy percent and sixty percent of the tile length; the width and the length of each pair of lock holes are consistent with the length and the width of the lock bar; in each pair of lock holes, a single lock hole far away from the tile hooking head is provided with a small tooth piece with a chamfer, so that the lock bar is clamped, the small tooth piece is slightly pried, and the lock bar can be taken out.
4. The non-slip net reinforcement set for a conventional tile roofing according to claim 1, wherein: the integral anti-slip cable is provided with a plurality of tile hooking heads, the tile hooking heads extend out of the tile overlapping length along the length direction of the cable, the height difference between the extending root parts of any two adjacent tile hooking heads is the conventional tile thickness, the integral anti-slip cable can be provided with different specification types according to different tile overlapping modes and different cable section widths, and the integral anti-slip cable can be cut out according to the needs.
5. The non-slip net reinforcement set for a conventional tile roofing according to claim 1, wherein: the integral anti-slip net is formed by connecting anti-slip ropes, plastic thin sheets or thin ropes; the tile head extends out of the tile-overlapping length along the length direction of the cable, the height difference between the extending root parts of any two adjacent tile heads is the conventional tile thickness, the integral anti-skidding net can be selected or intercepted according to the different tile-overlapping modes, different rafter spacing and different cable section widths, and different specification types are available.
6. The non-slip net reinforcement set for a conventional tile roofing according to claim 1, wherein: the auxiliary locking strips comprise two narrow locking strips at two sides and locking holes in different directions in the middle, the middle horizontal locking hole is convenient for the connection of the basic anti-skid locking strips, and the vertical locking holes at two sides in the middle are convenient for the two narrow locking strips at two sides to be fixed on rafters or purlins for locking.
CN201810743066.8A 2018-07-09 2018-07-09 Reinforcing apparatus suit suitable for traditional tile roofing antiskid net Active CN108798061B (en)

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